CN203329150U - Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway - Google Patents

Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203329150U
CN203329150U CN2013203956130U CN201320395613U CN203329150U CN 203329150 U CN203329150 U CN 203329150U CN 2013203956130 U CN2013203956130 U CN 2013203956130U CN 201320395613 U CN201320395613 U CN 201320395613U CN 203329150 U CN203329150 U CN 203329150U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sputum
pipe
suction
suction sputum
expectorant
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013203956130U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙勇
芦昌慧
孙玉凯
马驰骋
吕瑞娟
迟晶宇
赵伟
王文君
张敏
姜玫
韩萍
乔莹
于大洲
刘兆娥
曹立军
边圆
孙春丽
曹娜娜
Original Assignee
山东大学齐鲁医院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 山东大学齐鲁医院 filed Critical 山东大学齐鲁医院
Priority to CN2013203956130U priority Critical patent/CN203329150U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203329150U publication Critical patent/CN203329150U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic sputum suction airway which comprises an airway pipe. An air duct is arranged inside the airway pipe, and an inflatable air bag and an inflatable pipe are arranged on the airway pipe. The automatic artificial sputum suction airway is characterized in that a sputum suction pipe is arranged inside the air duct, and a sputum suction channel is arranged inside the sputum suction pipe. A sputum suction system comprises a sputum collecting bottle, a liquid suction pump and a control circuit. A sputum inlet pipe and a sputum outlet pipe are arranged on the sputum collecting bottle, and a liquid suction inlet pipe is arranged on the liquid suction pump. The sputum inlet pipe is communicated with a sputum suction pipe, the liquid suction inlet pipe is communicated with the sputum outlet pipe, and the control circuit controls the liquid suction pump to pump sputum. By means of the automatic artificial sputum suction airway and the sputum suction system, the weasand wall of a patient is prevented from being stimulated and the weasand mucous membrane is prevented from being injured when the sputum of the patient is absorbed, the fault of oxygen deficit caused when a breathing machine is removed is avoided, and the pain suffered by the patient is relieved. Medical workers only need to analyze symptoms and physical signs of the patient to set related parameters of the device, the device can automatically absorb the sputum, and the work load and work intensity of the medical workers are reduced.

Description

The suction sputum system of automatic suction sputum type artificial airway and formation thereof

Technical field

This utility model relates to the suction sputum system of a kind of automatic suction sputum type artificial airway and formation thereof, belongs to medical instruments field.

Background technology

The artificial airway inserts conduit trachea or directly inserts the gas passage that trachea is set up through upper respiratory tract.The artificial airway is for guaranteeing that airway patency is in effective connection of setting up between physiology air flue and air or other sources of the gas, for the effective drainage of air flue, unobstructed, mechanical ventilation, treatment pulmonary disease provide condition.

Setting up the artificial airway by endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy tube placing operation is to the important measures in the anxious Cavity in Critical Patients rescue process of respiratory dysfunction.The most ripe the most effective technological means while being first aid and critical illness patient relief, nursing.Most widely used general, means the most efficiently in management of respiratory, to rescue patient life, reduce case fatality rate and play vital effect.Tracheal intubation sucking-off in time trachea endocrine or foreign body, prevent that foreign body from entering respiratory tract, keeps respiratory passage unblocked, carries out effectively artificial or breathing machine ventilation, prevents patient's anoxia and carbon dioxide retention.Tracheal intubation and tracheostomy tube are to set up artificial airway's crucial operating theater instruments in endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy tube placing operation.

Patient's major part of implementing endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy tube placing operation has sputum and generates, and its sputum generates following reason:

Due to due to disease itself as diseases such as pulmonary infection, pulmonary edema.

2. the reason such as artificial airway itself and calmness, cause the disappearance that weakens of coughre flex and function, causes sputum to gather and increase.Because set up the ability that the artificial airway has lost cough and expectoration.

3. the artificial airway inserts trachea stimulates tracheal mucosa to cause secretions increase.

During endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy tube placing operation, the suction sputum method adopts the interval certain hour usually at present, and sputum is a certain amount of in the trachea inner accumulated, sputum aspirator tube is inserted to arrival trachea in the artificial airway and aspirate, clear up the sputum that arrives trachea and artificial airway in lung.Mainly there is following shortcoming by artificial airway's suction sputum method at present:

1. by medical personnel, passed through patient's symptom, sign (auscultation respiratory murmur, observation blood oxygen saturation) analysis and patient are required to determine the interval time of suction sputum, or the timing suction sputum.The sputum gathered between twice suction sputum is not when bringing the change of symptom and sign to the patient, also can accumulate in for a long time inner surface of trachea because of sputum and can cause tracheal wall cilium lodging in respective regions, final result is that sputum can't arrive trachea by fibre swing by lung tissue.Also to medical personnel, bring a large amount of workloads and working strength with the Hour Minute Second sign that ceaselessly observes the symptoms

2. the suction sputum method is because zest is large at present, and sputum aspirator tube touches tracheal wall suction meeting and brings violent discomfort to the patient, and repeatedly suction sputum also can cause damage to tracheal mucosa repeatedly.Bring repeatedly the injury on body and mind to patient and family members.Increase the feared state of mind of patient to suction sputum, be unfavorable for patient's partner treatment.

And the needs of patients of mechanical ventilation separate air duct, each suction sputum time can only be controlled at 15 seconds-20 seconds in.Overlong time can cause patient's discomfort and anoxia.And the more patient of sputum, exhaustion intra-tracheal sputum liquid need to divide and carries out several times, takes time and effort and also increases patient's discomfort.

4. this type of turn-over bed for patient or while kowtowing contrary to reason treatment, often occur that the sputum short time pours in trachea by the lung tissue bronchioles, causes airway obstruction, and respiratory resistance increases, and sensation of asphyxia appears in the patient.Now medical personnel prepare to open the sputum aspirator tube of aseptic packaging the suction sputum waiting time are long again, patient is painful large.

5. often need to carry out the analysis of sputum sample examination for this type of patient clinically.Often can mutually pollute because of sputum and the external world or oral secretion in leaving and taking the sputum sample processes, cause the pollution of sputum sample, the accuracy of sputum result of laboratory test is impacted.

For example the patent No. is the patent documentation that CN200580031174.3, denomination of invention are " suction device of intra-tracheal sputum ", disclose a kind of be placed in tracheal intubation 14 in person's windpipe after, utilize suction catheter 15 by the device of sputum sucking-off from person's windpipe.Wherein, suction catheter 15 is not integrative-structure with tracheal intubation 14, and the end of suction catheter 15 easily produces and stimulates the person's windpipe inwall, easily the patient is damaged.Most importantly, because the gas that is attracted pipe 15 sucking-offs does not add in respirator 12, like this, respirator can detect the difference of gas of the gas of its output and input not in set scope, can make respirator all the time in alarm condition, extremely be unfavorable for using.

Summary of the invention

This utility model, in order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned technical problem, provides the suction sputum system of a kind of automatic suction sputum type artificial airway and formation thereof.

Automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model, comprise the pneumatic duct matched with person's windpipe, the inside of described pneumatic duct is airway, the gas tube that is provided with aerating gasbag on pneumatic duct and is connected with aerating gasbag, and aerating gasbag is positioned on the outer wall of pneumatic duct; It is characterized in that: be provided with sputum aspirator tube in described airway, the inside of sputum aspirator tube is the suction sputum passage; The end of described sputum aspirator tube terminates in the end of pneumatic duct, and the top of sputum aspirator tube is connected with sputum aspirator.

If, as the use of tracheal intubation, by oral cavity, pneumatic duct is inserted in person's windpipe, if put pipe as tracheotomy, will pneumatic duct be inserted in person's windpipe by the cervical region edge of a knife.The patient is by the airway breathe air or adopt respirator to be breathed, and aerating gasbag is arranged at the surrounding of pneumatic duct, after inflating by gas tube, can be fixed in person's windpipe.Sputum aspirator tube is arranged among airway, with pneumatic duct, forms integrative-structure, after sputum aspirator is connected, and can be effectively by the sputum sucking-off formed in person's windpipe.Can carry out suction sputum when patient adopts respirator, also avoid adopting movable sputum aspirator tube easily inner surface of trachea to be caused the drawback of stimulation in the past.

Automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model, described suction sputum passage is circle or the oblong cavity be formed in the pneumatic duct tube wall, is provided with the nano coating of avoiding sputum to adhere to tube wall on the inwall of suction sputum passage.The suction sputum passage is unsuitable too small and excessive, and the work that conference affects airway is crossed in the too small outflow that is unfavorable for sputum, and nano coating can avoid sputum to adhere on the suction sputum vias inner walls, to avoid the obstruction of suction sputum passage.

Automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model, the end of described pneumatic duct is inclined plane, the end of described suction sputum passage is also inclined plane; In the situation that the inclined plane of pneumatic duct end becomes plumbness with horizontal plane, the inclined plane of suction sputum channel end becomes the angle of 30~60 ° with horizontal plane.The patient is generally in becoming the state of 30 ° of left and right with horizontal plane, the end of suction sputum passage becomes the angle of 30~60 ° with horizontal plane, both be conducive to the sucking-off sputum, also can avoid the obstruction of suction sputum passage.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, comprise collection sputum bottle, drawing liquid pump and control circuit, be provided with on the collection sputum bottle into the expectorant pipe and go out the expectorant pipe, the inside of collection sputum bottle, for for holding the cavity of sputum, is provided with the drawing liquid inlet pipe on drawing liquid pump; Advance the expectorant pipe and be connected with sputum aspirator tube, the drawing liquid inlet pipe with go out the expectorant pipe and be connected, control circuit is controlled drawing liquid pump and is taken out sputum.

Under control action at control circuit to drawing liquid pump, the sputum in sputum aspirator tube can be pumped in the collection sputum bottle, to realize the auto-pumping effect to sputum in person's windpipe.Control circuit can carry out the setting of mode of operation, can meet the different sputum demands of taking out.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, comprise that respirator is connected with pneumatic duct by air inlet pipe and escape pipe for maintaining the respirator of patient respiratory; Drawing liquid pump goes out pipe by drawing liquid and is connected with air inlet pipe or escape pipe, and drawing liquid goes out pipe and fills into to the respirator gas-circulating system for the gas that will extract out from the suction sputum passage.For completing by respirator the patient of respiratory movement, the gas extracted from person's windpipe due to drawing liquid pump is sent to again on escape pipe or air inlet pipe, has avoided the warning of respirator.And, because sputum aspirator tube arranges separately, do not affect the work of respirator while taking out sputum, the drawback that respirator need to have been unloaded while having avoided in the past taking out sputum.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, described sputum aspirator tube with advance the expectorant pipe and be connected by tee T, the junction that goes out expectorant pipe and drawing liquid inlet pipe is provided with microbe filter; Microbe filter is structure as a whole with the collection sputum bottle.When the suction sputum passage occurs to stop up, the effect that can realize clearing up the suction sputum passage by tee T, simultaneously by the suction sputum passage, also can be to injection medicament in person's windpipe.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, described control circuit comprises microcontroller, pressure transducer, the full sense switch of collection expectorant, drawing liquid pump motor, microcontroller is connected with the drawing liquid pump motor by motor control module, and microcontroller also is connected with power module, clock circuit and control button; Described pressure transducer is arranged on the drawing liquid inlet pipe, and the full sense switch of collection expectorant is arranged at out on the expectorant pipe, controls button for controlling the mode of operation of drawing liquid pump motor.

Whether microcontroller has the effect of signals collecting, data operation and control output, by pressure transducer, can detect the force value in the suction sputum passage, blocked to judge the suction sputum passage.Whether the full sense switch of collection expectorant is filled with for detection of the sputum in the collection sputum bottle.Power module is for providing the suction sputum system works required electric energy, and clock circuit, for providing microcontroller work required pulse signal, is controlled button for controlling the mode of operation of control circuit.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, described collection expectorant is expired sense switch and is comprised combined socket and switch and be arranged at out two metal probes on the expectorant pipe, and two metal probes penetrate in the tube wall that goes out the expectorant pipe; Be provided with the metal slot matched with metal probe on combined socket and switch, the metal slot is connected with the input of microcontroller by wire; Control circuit detects between two metal probes while having sputum to exist, and can send alarm signal.Two probes closely near but do not contact, combined socket and switch plugs and coordinates with metal probe.After the collection sputum bottle is filled with, have sputum and enter into out in the expectorant pipe, make two metal probes contact; The wire be connected with the metal slot will be by off-state displacement closure state, and it is full that microcontroller will detect the collection sputum bottle.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, described collection sputum bottle comprises storage expectorant chamber and the lower storage expectorant chamber be connected with upper storage expectorant chamber; The bottom in described upper storage expectorant chamber is tapered portion, is provided with conical plug in tapered portion.In the process that extracts sputum, at first sputum enters in storage expectorant chamber, and when the sputum in upper storage expectorant chamber is abundant, conical plug can suspend, and makes sputum enter into lower storage expectorant chamber.

The suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model forms, comprise the control box that is easy to carry and lays, and described drawing liquid pump, control circuit all are arranged in control box, and described control button all is arranged on control box; Be provided with on described control box for hanging the hook of collection sputum bottle, be provided with on control box for being suspended on the equipment fixed hook on sick bed guardrail or respirator.Control box can be fixed on sick bed guardrail or respirator easily by the equipment fixed hook, and the collection sputum bottle hangs on control box by hook, very convenient to use.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: (1) artificial airway of the present utility model, by sputum aspirator tube is set in airway, having formed can be by the suction sputum passage of sputum sucking-off in person's windpipe, because suction sputum passage and pneumatic duct are structure as a whole, can not stimulate the inner surface of trachea of human body when suction sputum, avoided the stimulation to the patient tracheal wall when suction sputum of existing movable sputum aspirator tube, and to the damage of tracheal mucosa.(2) simultaneously, because the suction sputum passage is the autonomous channel in pneumatic duct, can not affect the work of respirator in suction sputum, avoid needing the drawback that respirator is removed and easily causes patient's anoxia in existing suction sputum process, reduce patient's slight illness.(3) and, because suction sputum passage and pneumatic duct are structure as a whole, can facilitate and be taken out timely the sputum operation, to turn-over bed for patient or while kowtowing contrary to reason treatment, even occur that the sputum short time is poured in the phenomenon of trachea by the lung tissue bronchioles, due to the sputum aspirator tube without opening aseptic packaging, greatly reduced patient's waiting time, reduced patient's misery.

The suction sputum system formed by the artificial airway of the present utility model, (1) by being provided for depositing the collection sputum bottle of sputum and the control circuit that can carry out automatic control action, control circuit can be operated in automatically, continuous and manual work state, realized the patient is taken out to sputum automatically, medical personnel are by being analyzed patient's symptom, sign (auscultation respiratory murmur, observation blood oxygen saturation), set suction sputum interval time and suction sputum persistent period, effectively reduce medical personnel's workload and working strength.(2) gas that drawing liquid pump is extracted out from the collection sputum bottle is sent to again in respirator system after drawing liquid goes out pipe, has avoided respirator because the error that passes in and out gas produces greatly warning.(3) due to whole suction sputum liquid system in airtight state, can not be subject to the pollution of the external world or oral secretion in getting sputum sample processes sputum, make the sputum result of laboratory test more accurate.

The accompanying drawing explanation

The structural representation that Fig. 1 is automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of the present utility model;

The partial enlarged drawing that Fig. 2 is pneumatic duct end in Fig. 1;

The structural representation that Fig. 3 is the first pneumatic duct in this utility model;

The structural representation that Fig. 4 is the second pneumatic duct in this utility model;

Fig. 5 is with the structure principle chart of the suction sputum system of respirator in this utility model;

The schematic diagram that Fig. 6 is control circuit in this utility model;

The structural representation that Fig. 7 is the full sense switch of collection expectorant in this utility model;

The structural representation that Fig. 8 is the first collection sputum bottle in this utility model;

The structural representation that Fig. 9 is the second collection sputum bottle in this utility model;

The use structural representation that Figure 10 is suction sputum system in this utility model;

Figure 11 is not with the structure principle chart of the suction sputum system of respirator in this utility model;

Figure 12 is the schematic diagram that drawing liquid pump carries out disinfection;

Figure 13 is the schematic diagram that the suction sputum vias inner walls arranges nano coating.

In figure: 1 pneumatic duct, 2 airways, 3 aerating gasbags, 4 gas tubes, 5 sputum aspirator tubes, 6 suction sputum passages, 7 person's windpipes, 8 pressure transducers, 9 tee Ts, 10 collection sputum bottles, 11 advance the expectorant pipe, 12 go out the expectorant pipe, 13 sputum bottle lids, the full sense switch of 14 collection expectorant, 15 microbe filters, 16 drawing liquid inlet pipes, 17 drawing liquid pumps, 18 control circuits, 19 drawing liquids go out pipe, 20 respirators, 21 air inlet pipe, 22 escape pipes, 23 microcontrollers, 24 power modules, 25 clock circuits, 26 motor control modules, 27 drawing liquid pump motors, 28 metal probes, 29 combined socket and switch, 30 metal slots, storage expectorant chamber on 31, 32 times storage expectorant chambeies, 33 tapered portion, 34 conical plugs, 35 control boxes, 36 control button, 37 hooks, 38 equipment fixed hooks, 39 packed disinfectant solution, 40 disinfectant solution cavitys, 41 storage cavities, 42 sputum aspirator tube tube walls, 43 nano coatings, 44 hydrones.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.

As shown in Figure 1, provided automatic suction sputum type artificial airway's of the present utility model structural representation, it comprises pneumatic duct 1, aerating gasbag 3, gas tube 4 and sputum aspirator tube 5, pneumatic duct 1 matches with person's windpipe 7, in the trachea plug-in type, by patient's oral cavity, come in and go out to trachea, when incision is inserted, the cervical region by human body is inserted in person's windpipe.The inside of pneumatic duct 1 is airway 2, but or by the gas in airway 2 incoming call air or respirator 20.Aerating gasbag 3 is arranged at the periphery of pneumatic duct 1, and the upper end of gas tube 4 protrudes from the outer wall of pneumatic duct 1, and lower end is formed among the tube wall of pneumatic duct 1, and gas tube 4 is connected with aerating gasbag 3.Can be inflated aerating gasbag by gas tube 4, after aerating gasbag 3 expands in person's windpipe 7, both can have been guaranteed fixing at person's windpipe 7 of pneumatic duct 1, also can be avoided the gas overflowing of aerating gasbag 3 bottoms.

Sputum aspirator tube 5 is formed in airway 2, with pneumatic duct 1, is structure as a whole.The inside of sputum aspirator tube 5 is suction sputum passage 6, and the upper end of suction sputum passage (top) protrudes from the outer wall of pneumatic duct 1, for being connected with sputum aspirator; The lower end of suction sputum passage (end) terminates in the end of pneumatic duct 1, for the sputum sucking-off by person's windpipe 7.For the ease of pneumatic duct 1, enter in person's windpipe 7, the end of pneumatic duct 1 is inclined plane, and the end of airway 2 is also inclined plane; And, the partial enlarged drawing of pneumatic duct end in the Fig. 1 provided as Fig. 2, end tilts face at pneumatic duct 1 becomes in the plumbness situation with horizontal plane, the inclined plane of airway 2 ends becomes the angle of 30~60 ° with horizontal plane, this structure, not only can avoid 7 pairs of pneumatic ducts 1 of person's windpipe to result in blockage, enter among suction sputum passage 6 but also be conducive to sputum.

The diameter of suction sputum passage 6 is unsuitable excessive also unsuitable too small, excessive, and the normal use of meeting airway 2 impacts; Too small, be unfavorable for the outflow of sputum.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, provided respectively the structural representation of the first and the second pneumatic duct, the suction sputum passage 6 shown in Fig. 3 is oblong cavity, and it is formed among the tube wall of pneumatic duct 1; Suction sputum passage 6 as shown in Figure 4 is circular cavity, and it also is formed among the tube wall of pneumatic duct 1, and gives prominence in airway 2.

As shown in Figure 5, provided in this utility model the structure principle chart with the suction sputum system of respirator, it comprises pneumatic duct 1, collection sputum bottle 10, drawing liquid pump 17, control circuit 18 and respirator 20, pneumatic duct 1 enters among person's windpipe 7 by patient oral cavity or cervical region, respirator 20 is connected by air inlet pipe 21 and escape pipe 22 and pneumatic duct 1, for maintaining patient's breathing.Be provided with into expectorant pipe 11 on shown collection sputum bottle 10 and go out expectorant pipe 12, advancing expectorant pipe 11 and be communicated with sputum aspirator tube 5 selectivitys by tee T 9, so as by the sputum in person's windpipe 7 by suction sputum passage 6, tee T 9, advance 11 suction of expectorant pipe to collecting in sputum bottle 10.Simultaneously, when person's windpipe 7 needs injection, can inject relative medicine in person's windpipe 7 by tee T 9; And, when suction sputum passage 6 occurs to stop up, can suction sputum passage 6 be got through by tee T 9.

Be provided with drawing liquid inlet pipe 16 and drawing liquid on drawing liquid pump 17 and go out pipe 19, drawing liquid inlet pipe 16 with go out expectorant pipe 12 and be connected so that drawing liquid pump 17 is by sputum suction collection sputum bottle 10.Also be provided with microbe filter 15 in drawing liquid inlet pipe 16 and the junction that goes out expectorant pipe 12, to avoid microorganisms such as antibacterial in sputum in person's windpipe 7, collection sputum bottle 13, enter into the pipeline of drawing liquid pump 17 and respirator 20; Microbe filter 15 can be made of one structure with going out expectorant pipe 12, with the same disposable medical article that is all of collection sputum bottle 10.Drawing liquid goes out pipe 19 and is communicated with air inlet pipe 21 or escape pipe 22 on respirator 20, and like this, the gas that drawing liquid pump 17 is extracted out from person's windpipe 7 flow into again in the recyclegas of respirator 20, has avoided the warning of respirator.During suction sputum system works of the present utility model, the swing of cilium on person's windpipe 7 inwalls, can be pushed to sputum 6 places; Or accelerate sputum and enter trachea by the base of lung and arrive 6 places by standing up the clinical physics mode commonly used such as buckle back postural drainage, to realize utilizing sputum aspirator tube 5 by sputum sucking-off purpose.

As shown in Figure 6, provided the schematic diagram of control circuit in the utility model, it comprises microcontroller 23, power module 24, pressure transducer 8, clock circuit 25, controls button 36, collection expectorant completely sense switch 14, motor control module 26, drawing liquid pump motor 27; Microcontroller 23 has the effect of signals collecting, data operation and control output, and it can adopt single-chip microcomputer.Power module 24 provides electric energy for the work of whole suction sputum system, and the normal operation that clock circuit 25 is microcontroller provides pulse signal.Pressure transducer 8 is arranged on drawing liquid inlet pipe 16, realizes the measurement to pressure in drawing liquid inlet pipe 16; When the negative pressure detected when pressure transducer 8 is too high, illustrate that suction sputum passage 6 stops up, should be cleared up suction sputum passage 6 in time.

Control button 36 and be connected with the input of microcontroller 23, by controlling the control of button 36, can make the suction sputum system be switched between automatic, continuous and manual mode, and can be set the parameter under every kind of mode of operation.Microcontroller 23 is controlled by 26 pairs of drawing liquid pump motors 27 of motor control module, and drawing liquid pump motor 27 drives drawing liquid pump 17 to carry out work.

Whether the full sense switch 14 of collection expectorant is arranged at going out on expectorant pipe 12 on collection sputum bottle 10, full for detection of the sputum in collection sputum bottle 10.As shown in Figure 7, provided the structural representation of the full sense switch of collection expectorant, it is comprised of metal probe 28, combined socket and switch 29 and metal slot 30, and two metal probes 28 are parallel to each other, two metal probes 28 on the tube wall that goes out expectorant pipe 12, and mutually near but do not contact.Two metal slots 30 are arranged on combined socket and switch 29, for matching with metal probe.Two metal slots 30 are connected with the input of microcontroller 23 by wire, in order to detect the state between two metal probes 28.When collection sputum bottle 10 does not fill with sputum, the state that microcontroller 23 detects between detected two metal probes 28 is open-circuit condition; When the sputum collection of collection in sputum bottle 10 is full, the moisture in sputum can make two metal probes 28 in conducting state, and microcontroller 23 can send alarm signal after two metal probe 28 conductings being detected, and controls immediately drawing liquid pump 17 and stop suction sputum work.

As shown in Figure 8, provided the structural representation of the first collection sputum bottle in this utility model, it is cylindrical structural, and shown sputum bottle lid 13 can be screwed to the upper end of collection sputum bottle 10 by screw thread, realizes the sealing of collection sputum bottle 10.When collection sputum bottle 10 is used, sputum bottle lid 13 also can be screwed to top, to prevent loss.At collection after sputum bottle 10 collects patient's sputum, by sputum bottle cover 13 tighten sealing after, can carry out censorship, avoided sputum that pollution condition easily occurs.

As shown in Figure 9, provided the structural representation of the second collection sputum bottle in this utility model, it comprises storage expectorant chamber 31, lower storage expectorant chamber 32 and conical plug 34, and the volume in shown lower storage expectorant chamber 32 is greater than the volume in storage expectorant chamber 31, can realize the storage to the larger volume sputum.31 bottom, upper storage expectorant chamber is tapered portion 33, is provided with conical plug 34 in tapered portion 33; When the sputum in upper storage expectorant chamber 31 is abundant, conical plug 34 is understood floating and is risen, and makes sputum enter into lower storage expectorant chamber 32.Like this, in the process of drawing liquid pump 17 work, only need the portion gas in upper storage expectorant chamber 31 is extracted out, can produce the suction be enough to the sputum sucking-off in suction sputum passage 6.

As shown in figure 10, provided the use structural representation of suction sputum system in this utility model, control circuit, drawing liquid pump 17 all are arranged at the inside of control box 35, and a plurality of control buttons 36 are arranged on the outer surface of control box 35.Collection sputum bottle 10 can hang on the outer wall of control box 35 by linking up with 37, also is provided with the equipment fixed hook on control box.In the process of using, control box 35 can hang on sick bed guardrail or respirator by the equipment fixed hook, more convenient to use.Control box 35 be take and inner control circuit 18 and drawing liquid pump 17 is reusable part, integrates sputum bottle 13, artificial airway, microbe filter 15 as disposable product.

As shown in figure 11, provided in this utility model not the structure principle chart with the expectorant system of respirator, be applicable to can not complete voluntarily by respirator the patient of respiratory movement, the top of described pneumatic duct 1 is without being connected with respirator 20; The gas that drawing liquid pump 17 is extracted out directly enters in atmosphere and gets final product, and remaining structure is identical with shown in Fig. 5 all.

As shown in figure 12, provided the schematic diagram that drawing liquid pump carries out disinfection, shown packed disinfectant solution 39 is comprised of disinfectant solution cavity 40 also storage cavities 41, in disinfectant solution cavity 40, stores disinfectant solution, and storage cavities 41 is cavity.In the process of using, the drawing liquid inlet pipe 16 of drawing liquid pump 17 is connected with disinfectant solution cavity 40, the drawing liquid of drawing liquid pump 17 goes out pipe 19 and is connected with storage chamber 41, start drawing liquid pump 17, to the process of storage cavities 41, completed the cleaning and sterilizing of drawing liquid pump pipeline in the liquid suction by disinfectant solution cavity 40.The position that other need carry out disinfection, adopt the chlorine-containing disinfectant wiping to get final product.

As shown in figure 13, provided the schematic diagram that the suction sputum vias inner walls arranges nano coating, shown nano coating 43 is arranged on the inner surface of sputum aspirator tube tube wall 42, because the size of hydrone 44 is greater than the distance between adjacent two projections, hydrone can't adhere on sputum aspirator tube tube wall 42, therefore sputum also can't adhere on sputum aspirator tube tube wall 42, the effect of having avoided sputum to stop up suction sputum passage 6.

Suction sputum system of the present utility model is in the process of work, and the concrete condition generated according to patient's sputum, be adjusted to different duties by controlling button 36 by it; For example, under automatic operation mode, can control drawing liquid pump work x minute, stop y minute, run so forth; Under continuous operation mode, but continuous operation 3 minutes; Under manual work pattern, can be regulated work and the concrete time stopped, to meet different patients' demand.

Artificial airway of the present utility model, avoided the stimulation to the patient tracheal wall when suction sputum of existing movable sputum aspirator tube, and to the damage of tracheal mucosa.In the situation that respirator does not remove, also can give in time the suction sputum operation.Due to the sputum aspirator tube without opening aseptic packaging, greatly reduced patient's waiting time, reduced patient's misery.And avoided respirator because the error that passes in and out gas produces greatly warning.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic suction sputum type artificial airway, comprise the pneumatic duct (1) matched with person's windpipe (7), the inside of described pneumatic duct is airway (2), the gas tube (4) that is provided with aerating gasbag (3) on pneumatic duct and is connected with aerating gasbag, aerating gasbag is positioned on the outer wall of pneumatic duct; It is characterized in that: be provided with sputum aspirator tube (5) in described airway (2), the inside of sputum aspirator tube is suction sputum passage (6); The end of described sputum aspirator tube terminates in the end of pneumatic duct, and the top of sputum aspirator tube is connected with sputum aspirator.
2. automatic suction sputum type artificial airway according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described suction sputum passage (6), for to be formed at circle or the oblong cavity in pneumatic duct (1) tube wall, is provided with the nano coating (43) of avoiding sputum to adhere to tube wall on the inwall of suction sputum passage.
3. automatic suction sputum type artificial airway according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the end of described pneumatic duct (1) is inclined plane, the end of described suction sputum passage (6) is also inclined plane; In the situation that the inclined plane of pneumatic duct end becomes plumbness with horizontal plane, the inclined plane of suction sputum channel end becomes the angle of 30~60 ° with horizontal plane.
4. the suction sputum system formed based on automatic suction sputum type artificial airway claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise collection sputum bottle (10), drawing liquid pump (17) and control circuit (18), be provided with into expectorant pipe (11) and go out expectorant pipe (12) on the collection sputum bottle, the inside of collection sputum bottle, for for holding the cavity of sputum, is provided with drawing liquid inlet pipe (16) on drawing liquid pump; Advance the expectorant pipe and be connected with sputum aspirator tube (5), drawing liquid inlet pipe (16) with go out expectorant pipe (12) and be connected, control circuit is controlled drawing liquid pump and is taken out sputum.
5. the suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway according to claim 4 forms, it is characterized in that: comprise the respirator (20) for maintaining patient respiratory, respirator is connected with pneumatic duct (1) by air inlet pipe (21) and escape pipe (22); Drawing liquid pump (17) goes out pipe (19) by drawing liquid and is connected with air inlet pipe or escape pipe, and drawing liquid goes out pipe and fills into to the respirator gas-circulating system for the gas that will extract out from suction sputum passage (6).
6. the suction sputum system formed according to the described automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that: described sputum aspirator tube (5) with advance expectorant pipe (11) and be connected by tee T (9), go out expectorant pipe (12) and be provided with microbe filter (15) with the junction of drawing liquid inlet pipe (16); Microbe filter is structure as a whole with collection sputum bottle (10).
7. the suction sputum system formed according to the described automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that: described control circuit comprises microcontroller (23), pressure transducer (8), the full sense switch (14) of collection expectorant, drawing liquid pump motor (27), microcontroller is connected with the drawing liquid pump motor by motor control module (26), and microcontroller also is connected with power module (24), clock circuit (25) and controls button; It is upper that described pressure transducer is arranged at drawing liquid inlet pipe (16), and it is upper that the full sense switch of collection expectorant is arranged at out expectorant pipe (12), controls button for controlling the mode of operation of drawing liquid pump motor.
8. the suction sputum system that automatic suction sputum type artificial airway according to claim 7 forms, it is characterized in that: described collection expectorant is expired sense switch and is comprised combined socket and switch (29) and be arranged at out two metal probes (28) on expectorant pipe (12), and two metal probes penetrate in the tube wall that goes out the expectorant pipe; Be provided with the metal slot (30) matched with metal probe on combined socket and switch, the metal slot is connected with the input of microcontroller (23) by wire; Control circuit detects between two metal probes while having sputum to exist, and can send alarm signal.
9. the suction sputum system formed according to the described automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that: described collection sputum bottle (10) comprises storage expectorant chamber (31) and the lower storage expectorant chamber (32) be connected with upper storage expectorant chamber; The bottom in described upper storage expectorant chamber (31) is tapered portion (33), is provided with conical plug (34) in tapered portion.
10. the suction sputum system formed according to the described automatic suction sputum type artificial airway of claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that: comprise the control box (35) that is easy to carry and lays, described drawing liquid pump (17), control circuit (18) all are arranged in control box, and described control button (36) all is arranged on control box (35); Be provided with on described control box for hanging the hook (37) of collection sputum bottle (10), be provided with on control box for being suspended on the equipment fixed hook (38) on sick bed guardrail or respirator.
CN2013203956130U 2013-07-04 2013-07-04 Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway CN203329150U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203956130U CN203329150U (en) 2013-07-04 2013-07-04 Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203956130U CN203329150U (en) 2013-07-04 2013-07-04 Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203329150U true CN203329150U (en) 2013-12-11

Family

ID=49697853

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013203956130U CN203329150U (en) 2013-07-04 2013-07-04 Automatic artificial sputum suction airway and sputum suction system with automatic artificial sputum suction airway

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203329150U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103330981A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-10-02 山东大学齐鲁医院 Automatic sputum suction type artificial airway and sputum suction system with same
CN106075613A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-09 西安交通大学 A kind of respiratory tract sputum automatic cleaning apparatus
CN106110457A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-11-16 蔡小奇 A kind of sputum elimination machine and respirator system thereof
CN107596520A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 陈朋飞 A kind of artificial respirator with reinforcement exhaled air flow function
KR20180011822A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-02-02 (주)엘메카 Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type Autonomously Drived Based on Patient's Condition Information, and Controlling Method of the Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type
CN108066865A (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-25 德尔格制造股份两合公司 Medical technology device and the method for determining operating condition in medical technology device
CN108211022A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-06-29 绵阳美科电子设备有限责任公司 A kind of automatic sputum elimination machine and its method of work

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103330981A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-10-02 山东大学齐鲁医院 Automatic sputum suction type artificial airway and sputum suction system with same
CN106110457B (en) * 2016-07-20 2019-03-15 蔡小奇 A kind of sputum elimination machine and its respirator system
CN106110457A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-11-16 蔡小奇 A kind of sputum elimination machine and respirator system thereof
CN106075613A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-09 西安交通大学 A kind of respiratory tract sputum automatic cleaning apparatus
CN108066865B (en) * 2016-11-07 2020-06-16 德尔格制造股份两合公司 Medical device and method for determining an operating situation in a medical device
CN108066865A (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-25 德尔格制造股份两合公司 Medical technology device and the method for determining operating condition in medical technology device
CN107596520A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 陈朋飞 A kind of artificial respirator with reinforcement exhaled air flow function
KR20180011822A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-02-02 (주)엘메카 Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type Autonomously Drived Based on Patient's Condition Information, and Controlling Method of the Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type
KR102075688B1 (en) 2018-01-15 2020-02-10 (주)엘메카 Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type Autonomously Drived Based on Patient's Condition Information, and Controlling Method of the Suction Pump of Artificial Intelligence Type
CN108211022A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-06-29 绵阳美科电子设备有限责任公司 A kind of automatic sputum elimination machine and its method of work

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2940443C (en) Suctioning device
US20180036460A1 (en) Breathing devices and related systems and methods
JP2014503808A (en) Apparatus and method for collecting a sample of exhaled breath
World Health Organization Oxygen therapy for children: a manual for health workers
KR101548898B1 (en) Sputum device, artificial respiration apparatus, and method for operating sputum device
US20120272955A1 (en) Automatic Tracheostomy Suctioning and Nebulizer Medication Delivery System
CN106581829B (en) A kind of visualization device of Respiratory Medicine oxygen supply suction sputum
JP6588526B2 (en) Intelligent bionics exclusion system
CN107376085A (en) A kind of humidification respiratory care device of tracheotomy patients
US20070218438A1 (en) Tracheotomy teaching aid
US10695516B2 (en) Systems for automatically removing fluid from multiple regions of a respiratory tract
CN205903460U (en) Breathe internal medicine and use novel phlegm suction device
CN106512158A (en) Intelligent atomizing administration system based on breathing loop
CN106039428B (en) A kind of intelligent sputum aspirator
CN106693136A (en) Multifunctional anesthesia respirator
CN204446705U (en) A kind of pleural cavity closed drainage device
CN102671282B (en) Via-intracolonic three cavity air bag closed drainage tube suit
CN203935491U (en) Control and infect source of disease breathing mask
CN107889465B (en) Device for controlling pressure of tracheal cuff and positive pressure respirator
CN106983941A (en) A kind of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular nursing inhalation device
KR20180079321A (en) Sputum system
US20100170517A1 (en) Closed suctioning and rinsing methods and tracheal devices
CN104080504A (en) Apparatus and method for improved assisted ventilation
CN205145319U (en) Breathe internal medicine device of dosing
US20160199608A1 (en) System and method of expediting weaning from ventilator support including an artificial airway cleaning apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20131211

Effective date of abandoning: 20150610

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant