CN203325329U - Machine-tool fault setting and detecting device used for teaching - Google Patents

Machine-tool fault setting and detecting device used for teaching Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203325329U
CN203325329U CN201320391593XU CN201320391593U CN203325329U CN 203325329 U CN203325329 U CN 203325329U CN 201320391593X U CN201320391593X U CN 201320391593XU CN 201320391593 U CN201320391593 U CN 201320391593U CN 203325329 U CN203325329 U CN 203325329U
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China
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fault
investigation
additional
specific
button
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CN201320391593XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张静之
刘建华
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Shanghai University of Engineering Science
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Shanghai University of Engineering Science
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Abstract

Disclosed is a machine-tool fault setting and detecting device used for teaching. The device includes a fault-setting plate, a fault-detecting plate, a PLC and a plurality of specific relays. The fault-setting plate, the fault-detecting plate and the plurality of specific relays are respectively and electrically connected with the PLC. The plurality of specific relays are respectively connected with a plurality of specific fault-presetting points of machine-tool lines. The machine-tool fault setting and detecting device used for the teaching connects the plurality of specific relays with the plurality of specific fault-presetting points of the machine-tool lines. When the specific fault-presetting points are switched off, the lines of the specific fault-presetting points are broken off and setting of fault points is completed and when the specific fault-presetting points are switched on, the lines of the specific fault-presetting points are switched on and detection of fault points are completed. A teacher can selectively set fault points arbitrarily through the fault-setting plate and fault detection is carried out by students through the fault-detecting plate so that in fault-detecting teaching, the device is small in operating quantity and high in teaching efficiency and no fault-detection material is required. Wires are not contacted in the whole fault-detection process so that security is relatively high and device damages are less.

Description

Machine failure setting and examination device for teaching
Technical field
The utility model relates to the malfunction elimination teaching field, particularly relates to machine failure setting and examination device for a kind of teaching.
Background technology
Lathe refers to the machine of manufacturing machine, also claims machine-tool or machine tool, is called for short traditionally lathe.Generally be divided into Metal Cutting Machine Tool, forging machine tool and joiner's bench etc.In modern mechanical manufacturing, the method for processing equipment part is a lot: except cut, also have casting, forging, welding, punching press, extruding etc., in every case belong to the part that accuracy requirement is higher and the surfaceness requirement is thinner, generally all need finally process by the method for cutting on lathe.Lathe plays significant role in the construction of national economic modernization.For the adjustment that adapts to industrial structure and the optimal combination requirement to the operation maintenance post technician of electric control system, the installation of all kinds of machine tool control systems, debugging, moving, be maintained as one of main learning content of university student for Automation Specialty and On Electro-mechanics Integration Major, is also the important topic of maintenance electrician's vocational training.
Lathe is widely used in production reality; in actual work operational process; maintainer's groundwork is that lathe is debugged and safeguarded; guarantee that lathe normally moves; this requires the maintainer according to the practical operation situation of lathe, the various abnormalities of lathe appearance to be investigated, and workload is larger, also extremely important; therefore, the malfunction elimination of lathe is particularly important in the teaching of all kinds of lathes and training.The teaching of existing machine failure investigation is mainly to break or button cuts off the forms such as circuit, and during the investigation teaching, operational ton is larger, and efficiency of teaching is lower, and security is lower, larger to equipment damage, and the investigation consumption of materials is more.After investigation finishes, maintainer's maintenance workload is larger, and maintenance difficulties is high.In addition, the student easily produces the inertial thinking of back of the body trouble spot in the operating process of study investigation, causes teaching efficiency undesirable.
The utility model content
Based on this, be necessary that teaching is mainly cut off the forms such as circuit with broken string or button for existing machine failure investigation, during the investigation teaching, operational ton is larger, and efficiency of teaching is lower, security is lower, larger to equipment damage, and the more problem of the consumption of associated materials, when a kind of investigation teaching is provided, operational ton is less, efficiency of teaching is higher, security is higher, less to equipment damage, and without machine failure setting and the examination device for teaching of investigating material.
A kind of machine failure setting and examination device for teaching, comprise fault setting plate, malfunction elimination plate, PLC and a plurality of particular relay, described fault is set plate, the malfunction elimination plate is electrically connected to respectively described PLC with described a plurality of particular relay, described a plurality of particular relay is connected to a plurality of specific fault preset of machine tool circuitry
Described fault is set plate and is comprised that specific fault arranges module, described specific fault arranges module to be had a plurality of specific fault and button is set and prestores with described a plurality of specific fault button a plurality of specific fault signalizations one to one are set, described a plurality of specific fault signalization is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of particular relay, when described specific fault arranges button and is triggered, described specific fault arranges module and will the specific fault signalization that button is corresponding be set with the specific fault be triggered and be delivered to described PLC, described PLC controls the particular relay corresponding with received specific fault signalization and cuts off the specific fault preset connected,
Described malfunction elimination plate comprises specific fault investigation module, described specific fault investigation module has a plurality of specific fault investigation buttons and prestores with described a plurality of specific fault investigates buttons a plurality of specific fault investigation signals one to one, described a plurality of specific fault investigation signal is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of particular relay, when described specific fault investigation button is triggered, described specific fault investigation module is delivered to described PLC by the specific fault investigation signal corresponding with the specific fault investigation button be triggered, described PLC controls the specific fault preset that the particular relay conducting corresponding with received specific fault investigation signal connects.
In embodiment, also comprise a plurality of additional relays therein, described a plurality of additional relays are connected in machine tool circuitry a plurality of additional fault preset that is different from described a plurality of specific fault preset,
Described fault is set plate and is also comprised that random fault arranges module, described random fault arranges module to be had random button and prestores and described a plurality of additional relays a plurality of additional fault signalizations one to one, when described random button is triggered, one in the described fault setting described a plurality of specific fault signalizations of plate random call or described a plurality of additional fault signalization is delivered to described PLC, described PLC controls the particular relay corresponding with received specific fault signalization or additional fault signalization or additional relay cuts off specific fault preset or the additional fault preset connected,
Described malfunction elimination plate also comprises additional fault investigation module, described additional fault investigation module has a plurality of additional fault investigation buttons and prestores with described a plurality of additional fault investigates buttons a plurality of additional fault investigation signals one to one, described a plurality of additional fault investigation signal is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of additional relays, when described additional fault investigation button is triggered, described additional fault investigation module is delivered to described PLC by the additional fault investigation signal corresponding with the additional fault investigation button be triggered, described PLC controls the additional fault preset that the additional relay conducting corresponding with received additional fault investigation button connects.
Therein in embodiment, also comprise the failure reset plate, described failure reset plate has the failure reset button and prestores the failure reset signal, when described failure reset button is triggered, described failure reset plate is delivered to described PLC by described failure reset signal, and described PLC is according to the described a plurality of particular relay of described failure reset signal controlling and described a plurality of additional relay difference conducting described a plurality of specific fault preset and described a plurality of additional fault preset.
Therein in embodiment, described fault is set plate and is also comprised that the investigation number of times arranges module, described investigation number of times arranges a plurality of investigation number of times that module has for default investigation number of times button is set, and prestore and with described a plurality of investigation number of times, button is set and investigates one to one the number of times signalization, when described investigation number of times arranges button and is triggered, described investigation number of times arranges module and will the investigation number of times signalization that button is corresponding be set with described investigation number of times and be delivered to described PLC, described PLC stops responding operating again of described malfunction elimination plate when the investigation number of operations of described malfunction elimination plate reaches default investigation number of times.
In embodiment, described investigation number of times arranges module and also comprises display screen therein, and described display screen is for showing default investigation number of times.
In embodiment, described fault is set plate, malfunction elimination plate, PLC, failure reset plate, a plurality of particular relay and a plurality of additional relay and is integrated in a control desk therein.
In embodiment, described lathe is lathe, drilling machine, grinding machine or boring machine therein.
In embodiment, also comprise host computer therein, described host computer is connected with described PLC.
Machine failure setting and examination device for above-mentioned teaching, a plurality of particular relay are accessed respectively to the specific fault preset in machine tool circuitry, when the specific fault preset cuts off, the line interruption of this specific fault preset, trouble spot has arranged, during specific fault preset conducting, the line conduction of this specific fault preset, trouble spot has been investigated.The teacher sets plate by fault can select arbitrarily to arrange trouble spot, by the student, by the malfunction elimination plate, is investigated, and during the investigation teaching, operational ton is less, and efficiency of teaching is higher, without the investigation material.The not directly contact wire of whole investigation process, security is higher, less to equipment damage.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The schematic diagram of machine failure setting and examination device for the teaching that Fig. 1 is an embodiment;
The schematic diagram of machine failure setting and examination device for the teaching that Fig. 2 is another embodiment;
The schematic diagram of machine failure setting and examination device for the teaching that Fig. 3 is another embodiment.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1, in one embodiment, a kind of machine failure setting and examination device for teaching, comprise that fault sets plate 110, malfunction elimination plate 120, PLC130(Programmable Logic Controller, programmable logic controller (PLC)) with a plurality of particular relay 140.Fault is set plate 110, malfunction elimination plate 120 is electrically connected to respectively PLC130 with a plurality of particular relay 140, and a plurality of particular relay 140 are connected to a plurality of specific fault preset of machine tool circuitry.Usually, the coil of a plurality of particular relay 140 is electrically connected to PLC130, often open auxiliary contact or the normally closed auxiliary contact of particular relay are serially connected in and need to set in the machine tool circuitry of fault, are connected to the specific fault preset.In the present embodiment, lathe is lathe, drilling machine, grinding machine or boring machine etc.
Fault is set plate 110 and is comprised that specific fault arranges module 112.Specific fault arranges module 112 to be had a plurality of specific fault and button is set and prestores with a plurality of specific fault button a plurality of specific fault signalizations one to one are set.A plurality of specific fault signalizations are corresponding one by one with a plurality of particular relay.When specific fault arranges button and is triggered, specific fault arranges module 112 and will the specific fault signalization that button is corresponding be set with the specific fault be triggered and be delivered to PLC130, and PLC130 controls the specific fault preset that the particular relay corresponding with received specific fault signalization 140 cut-outs connect.
Malfunction elimination plate 120 comprises specific fault investigation module 122.Specific fault investigation module 122 has a plurality of specific fault investigation buttons and prestores with a plurality of specific fault investigates buttons a plurality of specific fault investigation signals one to one.A plurality of specific fault investigation signals are corresponding one by one with a plurality of particular relay.When specific fault investigation button is triggered, specific fault investigation module 122 is delivered to PLC130 by the specific fault investigation signal corresponding with the specific fault investigation button be triggered, and PLC130 controls the specific fault preset that particular relay 140 conductings corresponding with received specific fault investigation signal connect.
Machine failure setting and examination device for above-mentioned teaching, a plurality of particular relay 140 are accessed respectively to the specific fault preset in machine tool circuitry, when the specific fault preset cuts off, the line interruption of this specific fault preset, trouble spot has arranged, during specific fault preset conducting, the line conduction of this specific fault preset, trouble spot has been investigated.The teacher sets plate 110 by fault can select arbitrarily to arrange trouble spot, by the student, by malfunction elimination plate 120, is investigated, and during the investigation teaching, operational ton is less, and efficiency of teaching is higher, without the investigation material.The not directly contact wire of whole investigation process, security is higher, less to equipment damage.
As shown in Figure 2, in specific embodiment, teaching also comprises a plurality of additional relays 150 with machine failure setting and examination device.A plurality of additional relays 150 are connected in machine tool circuitry a plurality of additional fault preset that is different from a plurality of specific fault preset.Fault is set plate 110 and is also comprised that random fault arranges module 114.Random fault arranges module 114 to be had random button and prestores and a plurality of additional relays 150 a plurality of additional fault signalizations one to one.When random button is triggered, one in fault setting a plurality of specific fault signalizations of plate random call or a plurality of additional fault signalization is delivered to PLC130, and PLC130 controls the particular relay 140 corresponding with received specific fault signalization or additional fault signalization or additional relay 150 cuts off specific fault preset or the additional fault preset connected.In addition, malfunction elimination plate 120 also comprises additional fault investigation module 124.Additional fault investigation module 124 has a plurality of additional fault investigation buttons and prestores with a plurality of additional fault investigates buttons a plurality of additional fault investigation signals one to one.A plurality of additional fault investigation signals are corresponding one by one with a plurality of additional relays.When additional fault investigation button is triggered, additional fault investigation module 124 is delivered to PLC130 by the additional fault investigation signal corresponding with the additional fault investigation button be triggered, and PLC130 controls the additional fault preset that additional relay 150 conductings corresponding with received additional fault investigation button connect.The random setting of module 114 is set by random fault, can effectively reflects the practical operation situation of lathe in production scene, can avoid the student to produce the inertial thinking of back of the body trouble spot in the operating process of study investigation, improved quality of instruction.
As Fig. 3, in specific embodiment, teaching also comprises failure reset plate 160 with machine failure setting and examination device.Failure reset plate 160 has the failure reset button and prestores the failure reset signal.When the failure reset button is triggered, failure reset plate 160 is delivered to PLC130 by the failure reset signal, and PLC130 is according to a plurality of particular relay 140 of failure reset signal controlling and a plurality of additional relays 150 difference conducting a plurality of specific fault preset and a plurality of additional fault presets.Fault is set plate 110 and is also comprised that the investigation number of times arranges module 116.The investigation number of times arranges a plurality of investigation number of times that module 116 has for default investigation number of times button is set, and prestores and with a plurality of investigation number of times, button is set and investigates one to one the number of times signalization.When the investigation number of times arranges button and is triggered, the investigation number of times arranges module 116 and will the investigation number of times signalization that button is corresponding will be set be delivered to PLC130 with the investigation number of times, and PLC130 stops responding operating again of malfunction elimination plate when the investigation number of operations of malfunction elimination plate reaches default investigation number of times.Usually, the investigation number of times arranges module 116 and also comprises display screen, and display screen is for showing default investigation number of times.In the present embodiment, fault setting plate 110, malfunction elimination plate 120, PLC130, failure reset plate 160, a plurality of particular relay 140 are integrated in a control desk with a plurality of additional relays 150.
Above-mentioned teaching can take into account the equipment course of work to technician's requirement and the lifting of teaching efficiency with the exploitation of machine failure setting and examination device, consider the randomness of fault generation and the singularity of some most common failure in the Design and implementation process, can install and apply to existing common lathe teaching, there is certain ubiquity and practicality.In addition, teaching also comprises host computer with machine failure setting and examination device, host computer is connected with PLC130, can realize having real-time monitoring, the automatic detection of computer installation fault, troubleshooting scenario, teaching test and appraisal and show the multimedia computer training examination system of the several functions such as record.
Above embodiment has only expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching, it is characterized in that, comprise fault setting plate, malfunction elimination plate, PLC and a plurality of particular relay, described fault is set plate, the malfunction elimination plate is electrically connected to respectively described PLC with described a plurality of particular relay, described a plurality of particular relay is connected to a plurality of specific fault preset of machine tool circuitry
Described fault is set plate and is comprised that specific fault arranges module, described specific fault arranges module to be had a plurality of specific fault and button is set and prestores with described a plurality of specific fault button a plurality of specific fault signalizations one to one are set, described a plurality of specific fault signalization is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of particular relay, when described specific fault arranges button and is triggered, described specific fault arranges module and will the specific fault signalization that button is corresponding be set with the specific fault be triggered and be delivered to described PLC, described PLC controls the particular relay corresponding with received specific fault signalization and cuts off the specific fault preset connected,
Described malfunction elimination plate comprises specific fault investigation module, described specific fault investigation module has a plurality of specific fault investigation buttons and prestores with described a plurality of specific fault investigates buttons a plurality of specific fault investigation signals one to one, described a plurality of specific fault investigation signal is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of particular relay, when described specific fault investigation button is triggered, described specific fault investigation module is delivered to described PLC by the specific fault investigation signal corresponding with the specific fault investigation button be triggered, described PLC controls the specific fault preset that the particular relay conducting corresponding with received specific fault investigation signal connects.
2. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise a plurality of additional relays, described a plurality of additional relays are connected in machine tool circuitry a plurality of additional fault preset that is different from described a plurality of specific fault preset
Described fault is set plate and is also comprised that random fault arranges module, described random fault arranges module to be had random button and prestores and described a plurality of additional relays a plurality of additional fault signalizations one to one, when described random button is triggered, one in the described fault setting described a plurality of specific fault signalizations of plate random call or described a plurality of additional fault signalization is delivered to described PLC, described PLC controls the particular relay corresponding with received specific fault signalization or additional fault signalization or additional relay cuts off specific fault preset or the additional fault preset connected,
Described malfunction elimination plate also comprises additional fault investigation module, described additional fault investigation module has a plurality of additional fault investigation buttons and prestores with described a plurality of additional fault investigates buttons a plurality of additional fault investigation signals one to one, described a plurality of additional fault investigation signal is corresponding one by one with described a plurality of additional relays, when described additional fault investigation button is triggered, described additional fault investigation module is delivered to described PLC by the additional fault investigation signal corresponding with the additional fault investigation button be triggered, described PLC controls the additional fault preset that the additional relay conducting corresponding with received additional fault investigation button connects.
3. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise the failure reset plate, described failure reset plate has the failure reset button and prestores the failure reset signal, when described failure reset button is triggered, described failure reset plate is delivered to described PLC by described failure reset signal, and described PLC is according to the described a plurality of particular relay of described failure reset signal controlling and described a plurality of additional relay difference conducting described a plurality of specific fault preset and described a plurality of additional fault preset.
4. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described fault is set plate and is also comprised that the investigation number of times arranges module, described investigation number of times arranges a plurality of investigation number of times that module has for default investigation number of times button is set, and prestore and with described a plurality of investigation number of times, button is set and investigates one to one the number of times signalization, when described investigation number of times arranges button and is triggered, described investigation number of times arranges module and will the investigation number of times signalization that button is corresponding be set with described investigation number of times and be delivered to described PLC, described PLC stops responding operating again of described malfunction elimination plate when the investigation number of operations of described malfunction elimination plate reaches default investigation number of times.
5. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described investigation number of times arranges module and also comprises display screen, and described display screen is for showing default investigation number of times.
6. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described fault is set plate, malfunction elimination plate, PLC, failure reset plate, a plurality of particular relay and a plurality of additional relay and is integrated in a control desk.
7. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described lathe is lathe, drilling machine, grinding machine or boring machine.
8. machine failure setting and examination device for teaching according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises host computer, and described host computer is connected with described PLC.
CN201320391593XU 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Machine-tool fault setting and detecting device used for teaching Expired - Fee Related CN203325329U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103400531A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-11-20 上海工程技术大学 Teaching system for machine tool troubleshooting
CN104966456A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 柳州铁道职业技术学院 PROFIBUS based fault setting system
CN105096686A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-25 李力 Simulation training device for installing and trouble-shooting process of machine tool electrical control circuit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103400531A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-11-20 上海工程技术大学 Teaching system for machine tool troubleshooting
CN103400531B (en) * 2013-07-03 2016-04-06 上海工程技术大学 Machine failure investigation tutoring system
CN104966456A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-07 柳州铁道职业技术学院 PROFIBUS based fault setting system
CN105096686A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-11-25 李力 Simulation training device for installing and trouble-shooting process of machine tool electrical control circuit

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Granted publication date: 20131204

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