CN203291912U - Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer - Google Patents

Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203291912U
CN203291912U CN2013202701721U CN201320270172U CN203291912U CN 203291912 U CN203291912 U CN 203291912U CN 2013202701721 U CN2013202701721 U CN 2013202701721U CN 201320270172 U CN201320270172 U CN 201320270172U CN 203291912 U CN203291912 U CN 203291912U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
broken cylinder
formaldehyde foam
crushing cylinder
plant cultivation
belt pulley
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2013202701721U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谷佳林
宫延刚
徐秋明
杨宜斌
刘善江
刘宝存
赵同科
邹国元
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Priority to CN2013202701721U priority Critical patent/CN203291912U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203291912U publication Critical patent/CN203291912U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer which is characterized by comprising an inclined crushing cylinder, wherein the front end of the crushing cylinder is low; a feed port is formed in the upper part of the front end; a feed hopper is welded in the feed port; a transparent observation window is arranged in the middle of the crushing cylinder; the tail end of the crushing cylinder is high; a discharge port is formed in the lower part of the tail end; a discharge sleeve is welded in the discharging opening; a drawer-type screen stencil is arranged in the discharge sleeve. A variable frequency motor speed governor is connected with the upper part of the tail end of the crushing cylinder through a platform; the output end of the variable frequency motor speed governor is connected with a small belt pulley; the small belt pulley is connected with a large belt pulley through a belt; the large belt pulley is connected with a spindle; the spindle penetrates into the crushing cylinder and is in rotational connection with the crushing cylinder; augers are respectively welded at the two ends of the spindle; a plurality of pairs of stirring teeth are arranged between the two augers at intervals; each pair of stirring teeth is symmetrically arranged in the radial direction; every two adjacent pairs of stirring teeth are crossed at a 90-degree angle; a fixed bracket is arranged at the front end of the bottom of the crushing cylinder and connected with a pair of front wheels; a height adjusting bracket is arranged at the rear end of the bottom of the crushing cylinder and connected with a pair of rear wheels; a control panel is arranged on the crushing cylinder. The urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer can be widely used for pulverizing urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation media of different particle diameters.

Description

A kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of disintegrating apparatus, particularly about a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer for the agricultural cultivation.
Background technology
Urea-formaldehyde foam is a plant cultivation matrix, have that quality is light, water absorbing and retaining properties good, Stability Analysis of Structures, cheap, manufacturing process is simple, and has natural decomposition in soil, saving of labor in the cultivation process, economize kind, economize fertilizer, water-saving, anosis worm, without characteristics such as weeds, can be used for botanical seedling culturing, cultivation, degenerating ploughs improves, roof greening, the fields such as water surface greening, city square green plants sight sculpt.This host material is to be made through foaming forming technique by Lauxite, and head product is block, needs through crushing and screening the required grain type of suitable for plant growth that obtains.Disintegrating apparatus in the prior art is generally to impact fast article by inner stirrer gear or blade to complete pulverizing, and urea formaldehyde foam matrix unit weight is low, intensity is not high, the best applications particle diameter is the mixture of 1mm~10mm, wherein 1mm~3mm particles accounts for 40%, 3mm~5mm particles accounts for 40%, 5mm~10mm particles accounts for 20%, use other disintegrating apparatus to be difficult to reach needed crushing effect, then the pulverization principle of other disintegrating apparatus and the granular size that regulate and control method also is difficult to control the urea-formaldehyde foam cultivation matrix are arranged.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer that can regulate as required urea-formaldehyde foam particle size and ratio.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is taked following technical scheme: a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer, it is characterized in that: it comprises a broken cylinder that is obliquely installed, the front end of described broken cylinder is short, be provided with a feeding mouth of upwards opening, described feeding mouth periphery is welded with a feed hopper, described broken cylinder middle top surface is provided with a transparent observation window, the end of described broken cylinder is high, bottom is provided with a discharging opening of opening downwards, the periphery of described discharging opening is welded with a discharging cover, arrange in described discharging cover one can pull screen cloth; The top of described broken cylinder end is fixedly connected with a power fixed platform, the top of described fixed platform is bolted to connection a variable-frequency motor speed regulator, the output of described variable-frequency motor speed regulator connects a small belt pulley, and described small belt pulley connects a big belt pulley by belt; Be connected with a main shaft on described big belt pulley, described main shaft penetrates broken cylinder and is automatically connected in described broken cylinder by bearing rotary; A front and back ends auger is welded respectively at the two ends of described main shaft, between described front and back ends auger, axially spaced-apart is provided with some to stirrer gear, every pair of described stirrer gear radially is being symmetrical set, and be mutually between every pair of described stirrer gear and adjacent described stirrer gear 90 ° arranged in a crossed manner; Described broken cylinder bottom front arranges a fixed support, described fixed support bottom connects a pair of front vehicle wheel, rear end, described broken cylinder bottom is provided with one and highly regulates support, described height is regulated frame bottom and is connected a pair of rear wheel, is provided with the control panel of a described variable-frequency motor speed regulator of control on described broken cylinder.
Described broken cylinder diameter is set to 0.25~0.35m scope, and length is set to 2.5~4m scope, and the angle of inclination that described height is regulated the described broken cylinder of bracket adjustment changes in 15 °~30 ° scopes.
Described feed hopper can be in square cone bucket, circular cone bucket a kind of, it highly arranges should be greater than 0.8 meter.
Front and back ends auger length on described main shaft is set to respectively 0.5~1.5m scope, the spacing of described stirrer gear is 0.05~0.15m scope, the shape of described stirrer gear can adopt various structures, described main shaft diameter is upwards inserted a straight-bar, at the two ends of described straight-bar, is arranged at intervals with respectively two cross bars.
The aperture of described screen cloth mesh is set to 3~15mm scope.
The rotating speed of described variable-frequency motor speed regulator can be regulated in 600 rev/mins of following scopes.
The utility model is owing to taking above technical scheme, and it has the following advantages: 1, the utility model, owing to adopting the variable-frequency motor speed regulator to regulate the rotary speed of pulverizer, therefore can be controlled ratio and the particle diameter of the urea-formaldehyde foam particle of pulverizing well.2, the utility model is because the main shaft diameter at broken cylinder middle part is upwards inserted straight-bar, also at the two ends of straight-bar, be respectively arranged with two cross bars simultaneously, namely form a stirrer gear, stirrer gear is under the control of variable-frequency motor speed regulator, smash urea-formaldehyde foam, then under the promotion of auger, urea-formaldehyde foam passes the screen cloth that arranges in the discharging cover, needs according to the plant cultivation media particle diameter, the screen cloth of a plurality of different mesh apertures can be set, therefore can realize further pulverizing and controlling the particle diameter of pulverized particles, and needn't can directly use after sieve classification, for plant growth provides best cultivation matrix condition.3, the utility model, because the feed hopper height is set to be longer than general staff's arm greater than 0.8 meter, can not injure hand in therefore feeding intake in crushed work, and its security is good.4, the utility model is owing at the main shaft two ends, being connected to the front and back ends auger, therefore make urea-formaldehyde foam at the feeding mouth quick feeding, the front end auger carries out primary breakup and charging, and the back segment auger is pushed urea-formaldehyde foam and passed fast screen cloth and discharge from discharging opening, to enhance productivity.5, the utility model is owing in bottom, broken cylinder rear portion, adopting the support that can regulate height, can regulate at any time the angle of inclination of broken cylinder according to the pulverizing situation, come inventory, discharging speed and degree of crushing in the controlled fragmentation cylinder, be provided with transparent observation window at the top at broken cylinder middle part simultaneously, also at the discharging opening place, be arranged with a cloth bag in order to reduce dust, therefore can see through observation window at any time by regulating the angle of inclination of broken cylinder, control the particle diameter of urea-formaldehyde foam particle and the speed of output, make the indoor dust that do not have.The utility model can be widely used among the pulverizing of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate of different-grain diameter.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model
Fig. 2 is stirrer gear structure connection diagram of the present utility model
The specific embodiment
Be described in detail of the present utility model below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises a broken cylinder 1 that is obliquely installed, and the front end of broken cylinder 1 is short, is provided with the feeding mouth 2 of opening on, and feeding mouth 2 peripheries are welded with a taper feed hopper 3, and broken cylinder 1 middle top surface is provided with a transparent observation window 4.The end of broken cylinder 1 is high, and bottom is provided with a discharging opening of opening 5 downwards, and the periphery of discharging opening 5 is welded with a square discharging cover 6, is provided with a screen cloth 7 of can pull changing in discharging cover 6.Be fixedly connected with a power fixed platform 8 above broken cylinder 1 end, be bolted to connection a variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9 at the top of fixed platform 8, the output of variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9 connects a small belt pulley 10, and small belt pulley 10 connects a big belt pulley 11 by belt.Be connected with a main shaft 12 on big belt pulley 11, main shaft 12 penetrates broken cylinder 1 and is automatically connected in broken cylinder 1 by bearing rotary.Weld respectively a front and back ends auger 13,14 at the two ends of main shaft 12, axially spaced-apart is provided with some to stirrer gear 15 between front and back ends auger 13,14, every pair of stirrer gear 15 radially is being symmetrical set, and be mutually between the every pair of stirrer gear 15 and adjacent stirrer gear 15 90 ° arranged in a crossed manner.In broken cylinder 1 bottom front, one fixed support 16 is set, fixed support 16 bottoms connect a pair of front vehicle wheel 17, broken cylinder 1 rear end, bottom is provided with one and highly regulates support 18, highly regulate support 18 bottoms and connect a pair of rear wheel 19, be provided with the control panel 20 of a control variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9 on broken cylinder 1.
In above-described embodiment, broken cylinder 1 diameter is set to 0.25~0.35m scope, and length is set to 2.5~4m scope, and the angle of inclination of regulating broken 1 by highly regulating support 18 changes in 15 °~30 ° scopes, to control the fltting speed of material.
In above-described embodiment, the shape of feed hopper 3 can be arranged to square cone bucket, also can be arranged to circular cone bucket, and it highly arranges should be greater than 0.8 meter.
In above-described embodiment, front and back ends auger 13,14 length on main shaft 12 are set to respectively 0.5~1.5m scope, the spacing of stirrer gear 15 is 0.05~0.15m scope, the shape of stirrer gear 15 can adopt various structures, such as: as shown in Figure 2, upwards insert a straight-bar 21 in main shaft 12 footpaths, at the two ends of straight-bar 21, be arranged at intervals with respectively two cross bars 22.
In above-described embodiment, according to the needs of plant cultivation media particle diameter, the screen cloth 7 of a plurality of different mesh can be set, the aperture of screen cloth 7 mesh is set to 3~15mm scope.
In above-described embodiment, the rotating speed of variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9 can be regulated in 600 rev/mins of following scopes.
Pulverizer using method of the present utility model comprises the following steps:
1) screen cloth 7 is inserted in square discharging cover 6, the more fabric bag that connects material is enclosed within on square discharging cover 6 end mouths, and tightening pocket opening;
2) start variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9, the urea-formaldehyde foam piece of different size diameter at 0.1m~0.5m manually dropped in taper feed hopper 3;
3) the urea-formaldehyde foam piece is through the effect of getting into of front end auger 13, the pulverization of stirrer gear 15, then through rear end auger 14 crowded, pushes away effect, with the urea-formaldehyde foam particle after pulverizing fast crowded pushing away pass screen cloth 7 and enter in the fabric bag that connects material;
4) after completing whole pulverizing tasks, by control panel 20, close variable-frequency motor speed regulator 9, then take off the fabric bag that connects material and carry out the packing envelope, also can serialization production, need not shut down, carry out with going out with packing.
The various embodiments described above only are used for explanation the utility model; wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent; every equivalents of carrying out on the basis of technical solutions of the utility model and improvement, all should not get rid of outside protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer, it is characterized in that: it comprises a broken cylinder that is obliquely installed, the front end of described broken cylinder is short, be provided with a feeding mouth of upwards opening, described feeding mouth periphery is welded with a feed hopper, and described broken cylinder middle top surface is provided with a transparent observation window, the end of described broken cylinder is high, bottom is provided with a discharging opening of opening downwards, and the periphery of described discharging opening is welded with a discharging cover, arrange in described discharging cover one can pull screen cloth; The top of described broken cylinder end is fixedly connected with a power fixed platform, the top of described fixed platform is bolted to connection a variable-frequency motor speed regulator, the output of described variable-frequency motor speed regulator connects a small belt pulley, and described small belt pulley connects a big belt pulley by belt; Be connected with a main shaft on described big belt pulley, described main shaft penetrates broken cylinder and is automatically connected in described broken cylinder by bearing rotary; A front and back ends auger is welded respectively at the two ends of described main shaft, between described front and back ends auger, axially spaced-apart is provided with some to stirrer gear, every pair of described stirrer gear radially is being symmetrical set, and be mutually between every pair of described stirrer gear and adjacent described stirrer gear 90 ° arranged in a crossed manner; Described broken cylinder bottom front arranges a fixed support, described fixed support bottom connects a pair of front vehicle wheel, rear end, described broken cylinder bottom is provided with one and highly regulates support, described height is regulated frame bottom and is connected a pair of rear wheel, is provided with the control panel of a described variable-frequency motor speed regulator of control on described broken cylinder.
2. a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described broken cylinder diameter is set to 0.25~0.35m scope, length is set to 2.5~4m scope, and the angle of inclination that described height is regulated the described broken cylinder of bracket adjustment changes in 15 °~30 ° scopes.
3. a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: what described feed hopper can be in square cone bucket, circular cone bucket is a kind of, and it highly arranges should be greater than 0.8 meter.
4. a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the front and back ends auger length on described main shaft is set to respectively 0.5~1.5m scope, the spacing of described stirrer gear is 0.05~0.15m scope, the shape of described stirrer gear can adopt various structures, described main shaft diameter is upwards inserted a straight-bar, at the two ends of described straight-bar, is arranged at intervals with respectively two cross bars.
5. as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 a kind of urea-formaldehyde foam plant cultivation substrate pulverizer, it is characterized in that: the aperture of described screen cloth mesh is set to 3~15mm scope.
CN2013202701721U 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer Withdrawn - After Issue CN203291912U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013202701721U CN203291912U (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013202701721U CN203291912U (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203291912U true CN203291912U (en) 2013-11-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013202701721U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203291912U (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium pulverizer

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203291912U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103240145A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-08-14 北京市农林科学院 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium grinder
CN108212275A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-29 佛山市天顺科技有限公司 A kind of device for pulverizing rubbish convenient for adjusting

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103240145A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-08-14 北京市农林科学院 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium grinder
CN103240145B (en) * 2013-05-17 2015-01-07 北京市农林科学院 Urea formaldehyde foam plant cultivation medium grinder
CN108212275A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-29 佛山市天顺科技有限公司 A kind of device for pulverizing rubbish convenient for adjusting

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20131120

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Effective date of abandoning: 20150107

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