CN203269804U - Multi-layer type aerobic fermentation cabin for household garbage and/or kitchen waste - Google Patents

Multi-layer type aerobic fermentation cabin for household garbage and/or kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203269804U
CN203269804U CN2013200598393U CN201320059839U CN203269804U CN 203269804 U CN203269804 U CN 203269804U CN 2013200598393 U CN2013200598393 U CN 2013200598393U CN 201320059839 U CN201320059839 U CN 201320059839U CN 203269804 U CN203269804 U CN 203269804U
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China
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fermentation
pad
fermentation cabin
layer
materials
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CN2013200598393U
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Chinese (zh)
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周鼎力
杨云奇
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周鼎力
杨云奇
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model relates to a multi-layer type aerobic fermentation cabin for household garbage and/or kitchen waste. The aerobic fermentation cabin mainly comprises a shell, a fermentation cabin feeding port, a glass view mirror, a thermometer or a temperature detector, a stirrer, two left and right material support plates with pores, a hydraulic device for pushing the support plates to be closed or opened, and a helix discharging device. By using the multi-section type fermentation cabin to carry out multi-layer fermentation, the utilization rate of aerobic air is increased, the decomposition of a fermentation materials is accelerated, the utilization rate of equipment is improved, a small space is occupied by the equipment, and particularly, the fermentation materials turn up and down under the action of the stirring device, the materials are in the loose state, and the necessary optimal fermentation temperature of the fermentation materials can be rapidly achieved in hot air flow, so that the fermentation of the materials is accelerated, the production cost of fermentation is lowered, the fermentation time is shortened, the fermentation cabin of unit volume is high in capacity, and the fermentation cabin has good industrial practicability.

Description

The multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste
Technical field
The utility model relates to multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber or the fermentation unit of one way of life rubbish and/or changing food waste, belongs to the environmental protection equipment field;
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of people's living standard, in domestic refuse, the content of organic waste constantly rises, the perishable environment that rots to affect people's existence of the biomass in organic waste (as melon and fruit peel, vegetables residue, surplus food etc. after the meal); Scientificlly and effectively the recycling of it is innoxious, minimizing, particularly domestic refuse and/or changing food waste has caused the generally attention of the whole society; About the existing many reports of the aerobic fermentation equipment of changing food waste, as in CN202052759U " continuous food waste treatment device ", the required oxygen of aerobic fermentation (or air) only contacts at the upper face of changing food waste (or fermentation materials), fermentation materials can not fully contact with required oxygen, cause fermentation time long, cost raises, and efficient is low;
In the equipment of existing disclosed life refuse high temperature aerobic compost, because air and fermentation materials can not mix fully, cause the fermentation time prolongation; Especially, adopt air at room temperature to ferment, fermentation materials needed optimum activity temperature of mesophile microorganism of thermophase (25-40 ℃) from room temperature rises to needs 3-5 days the soonest, the needed optimum activity temperature of thermophile bacteria microorganism of (50-80 ℃) of reaching a high temperature the stage needs 10-15 days at the soonest, cause the aerobic fermentation time of domestic refuse long, energy consumption is high, yielding poorly of unit volume fermentation cabin, the investment of the domestic refuse fermentation cabin of unit weight is large, increase production cost, reduced productivity effect.
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the shortcoming that will overcome aforesaid device, the multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber (or fermentation unit) of one way of life rubbish and/or changing food waste is provided, carrying out the direct of adverse current with air at room temperature or warm air with fermentation materials contacts, supply with the oxygen of the needed abundance of fermentation materials, improve fermenting speed; Or carry warm air with direct contact that fermentation materials carries out adverse current, fermentation materials to be rapidly heated, or alternately directly contact with fermentation materials (changing food waste and/or domestic refuse) with warm air or air at room temperature, make fermentation materials reach rapidly each stage (as middle thermophase, hot stage, middle thermophase) needed optimum fermentation temp; Especially, under the effect of rolling up and down of whipping appts, fermentation materials can mix uniformly with the air that blasts, and fermentation materials can absorb sufficient oxygen, improves the domestic refuse of fermenting speed and/or the multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber of changing food waste.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is to consist of like this: the multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, mainly by housing, the fermentation cabin charging opening, the glass visor, thermometer or hygrosensor, agitator, two of left and right with holes material back up pad, promote the hydraulic efficiency plant that back up pad is closed or opened, spiral discharging device forms:
It is characterized in that: the charging opening of multi-layer type fermentation cabin is configured in top or the top of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing, air-locked lid that the top configuration of described charging opening can seal; The top of the housing of described fermentation cabin or top configuration pneumatic outlet; Described glass visor is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section; Described HAI Heated Air Intake valve and air at room temperature air intake valve link with the air intlet of fermentation cabin housing bottom respectively; Described thermometer or hygrosensor are configured in respectively the sidewall of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section, and the inside that is inserted into each fermentation layer contacts with material; The bottom sides of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing configuration draining discharge outlet, draining discharge outlet and water discharging valve UNICOM; Described agitator is configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing, the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, and every layer of configurable one or more agitator drive agitator by buncher and rotate;
The housing of described multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber can be round shape or rectangle, and its material can be the coagulation structure of brick and cement, or metal, plastics, organic composite material;
Described fermentation cabin charging opening can be round shape or rectangle, is configured in the top of fermentation cabin housing, air-locked lid that the top configuration of described charging opening can seal;
Described glass visor is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section;
Described agitator can be spiral stirrer, grid agitator, wing shape agitator; Be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing, the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator drive agitator by buncher and rotate;
Described fermentation materials back up pad with holes, formed by two back up pads such as left side semicircle with holes or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad and the right semicircle with holes or rectangle fermentation materials back up pads, be configured in respectively upper strata, middle level, the lower interior part of described fermentation cabin housing by the sea line direction;
Described hydraulic efficiency plant belongs to conventional hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut, connects with each layers such as the upper strata of described fermentation cabin housing, middle level, lower floor left and right two limit fermentation materials back up pads with holes respectively; By the work of described hydraulic efficiency plant and hydraulic supporting strut, can effectively control two of described left and right back up pad 0 degree opening or closing to 90 degree scope rotations;
Described spiral discharging device belongs to conventional feed screw, drives rotation by buncher, is configured in the below of fermentation materials back up pad with holes in described fermentation cabin housing, and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port of the discharge end of described spiral discharging device, the below configuration discharge valve of discharge port;
Described dividing plate with holes is configured in the lower position of described spiral discharging device;
Described draining savings storehouse belongs to the space between dividing plate with holes and fermentation cabin housing bottom surface, and the height in draining savings storehouses is at 0.5-1.5 rice, and the top, side that draining is saved the storehouse disposes hot-air inlets and air at room temperature import, and its underpart disposes wastewater outlet;
The utility model and existing same category of device relatively have following advantage:
1. under the up and down rolling of whipping appts to fermentation materials, material is in loose state, the needed oxygen of aerobic fermentation (or air) can permeate and be distributed to the inside of fermentation materials equably, can mix fully with fermentation materials and contact, improved the speed of fermentation, overcome the moisture that produces in traditional static fermentation not volatile, oxygen and fermentation materials can not uniform contact cause fermenting speed defective slowly;
2. can adopt warm air directly to contact with fermentation materials, can rapidly the heat of warm air be passed to fermentation materials, bring up to fast the optimum temps of the needed hot stage of technique (50-80 ℃) in order to make the fermentation materials temperature of room temperature, especially, can improve the moisture film on the required saturating fermentation materials of the air string surface of aerobic fermentation, the degree that is penetrated into the fermentation materials internal layer improves fermenting speed, or adopt room temperature freezing air (or Cryogenic air) directly to contact with the fermentation materials of hot stage, absorb the heat of thermophilic fermentation material with room temperature freezing air (or Cryogenic air), rapidly the temperature of thermophilic fermentation material is down to the needed middle thermophase of the phase technique of becoming thoroughly decomposed (25-40 ℃) temperature, enter the high or low of air themperature in fermentation cabin by what controller was regulated airheater output automatically, shortened the time of whole fermenting process, and it is low to consume energy,
3. adopt same fermentation equipment to carry out the fermentation by stages of multistage ground to fermentation materials, improved the utilization ratio of aerobic air, accelerated the speed of becoming thoroughly decomposed of fermentation materials, plant factor is high, and the floor space of equipment is little; Especially, material is rolling up and down under the effect of whipping appts, and material is in loose state, and in the air-flow of warm air, the volatile and rapid drying of the moisture in material has reduced production cost;
4. adopt vertical multi-sectional fermentation cabin structure, can be simultaneously to the raw material of each layer in the stirring of agitator with carry under the dual useful effect of warm air and carry out fermentation fast; Can be continuous or the step power feed device that utilizes reinforced to fermentation cabin; Material after fermentation can be continuously or intermittent type ground adopt spiral conveyer discharging easily, easy and simple to handle, improved the output of the fermentation materials of unit volume fermentation cabin, reduced the required energy consumption of fermenting, reduced the production cost of fermentation;
The utility model has shortened fermentation time, has improved fermenting speed, has reduced facility investment and the production cost of material fermentation, has improved working efficiency, and floor space is little, and the output of unit volume fermentation cabin is high, has good industrial applicibility.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is section (A-A) vertical view of multi-layer type fermentation cabin;
Fig. 3 is section (B-B) vertical view of multi-layer type fermentation cabin;
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the housing of 1-multi-stage type fermentation cabin; 2-ferment the layer; 3-thermometer or hygrosensor; The fermentation materials back up pad that the 4-left side is with holes; Propping up of the rotatable fermentation materials back up pad of 5-turns bolt; The 6-air intlet; 7-draining savings storehouse; The dividing plate that 8-is with holes; 9-fermentation materials outlet valve; 10-fermentation materials discharge port; The 11-buncher; The 12-spiral discharging device; 13-promotes the hydraulic efficiency plant that back up pad (4,26) is closed or opened; 14-ferment the layer; 15-ferment the layer; 16-ferment the layer; 17-hydraulic part telescopic lever; The 18-buncher; The 19-screw mixer; The finned agitator of 19a-; 20-draining discharge outlet; 21-glass visor; The 22-pneumatic outlet; 23-multi-layer type fermentation cabin; 24-fermentation cabin feeding cover; The charging opening of 25-fermentation cabin; The fermentation materials back up pad that 26-the right is with holes; 27-air at room temperature air intake valve; The 28-water discharge valve; 29-HAI Heated Air Intake valve;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, structure of the present utility model and use are further described, but are not limited;
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, the utility model is to consist of like this: the multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber (23) of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, main housing (1) by fermentation cabin, fermentation cabin charging opening (25,24), glass visor (21), thermometer or hygrosensor (3), agitator (19,19a), two of left and right with holes material back up pad (4,26), promote the hydraulic efficiency plant (13,17) that the back up pad motion is closed or opened, spiral discharging device (12) forms:
It is characterized in that: the charging opening (25) of multi-layer type fermentation cabin (23) is configured in top or the top of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (23) housing (1), air-locked lid (24) that the top configuration of described charging opening (25) can seal; The top of the housing (1) of described fermentation cabin (23) or top configuration pneumatic outlet (22); Described glass visor (21) is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing (1) upper, middle and lower section; Described HAI Heated Air Intake valve (29) and air at room temperature air intake valve (27) air intlet (6) bottom fermentation cabin (23) housing (1) respectively link; Described thermometer or hygrosensor (3) are configured in respectively the sidewall of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (23) housing (1) upper, middle and lower section, and the inside that is inserted into each fermentation layer (2,16,15,14) contacts with material; The bottom sides configuration draining discharge outlet (20) of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (23) housing (1), draining discharge outlet (20) and water discharging valve (28) UNICOM; Described agitator (19,19a), be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing (1), the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator (19 or 19a) drive agitator (19,19a) by buncher (18) and rotate;
two of described left and rights with holes fermentation materials back up pad (4, 26), formed by semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes, described back up pad (4, 26) material: can be metal, plastics, organic composite material, marble slab or inanimate matter sheet material, back up pad (4, 26) aperture on is at the 0.5-3 centimetre, by rotatable stay-bolt (5), described left side semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad (4) with holes and the right semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad (26) with holes are separately fixed at the side of described fermentation cabin housing (1), two of described left and right back up pad (4, 26) can be with rotatable stay-bolt (5) as pivot point, be rotated in sea line direction (0 degree) to vertical line direction (90 degree) scope, namely, when left side back up pad (4) or the right back up pad (26) are in (0 degree) sea line position simultaneously, two back up pads of left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) are closed up fully and close, and the fermentation materials above left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) is toward falling, when left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) are in the position of vertical direction (90 degree), left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) are opened fully, and the fermentation materials above left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) is all toward falling, left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) are configured in respectively agitator (19,19a) the 0.2-1.5 rice position, below of each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) upper strata, middle level, lower floor by the sea line direction,
Described spiral discharging device (12) is configured in the position of dividing plate (8) the top 5-10 centimetre in the fermentation layer (14) of fermentation cabin housing (1), and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port (10) of the discharge end of described spiral discharging device (12), the below configuration discharge valve (9) of discharge port (10);
Described hydraulic efficiency plant (13), belong to conventional hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut (17), be configured respectively and connect with each layers such as the upper strata of described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1), middle level, lower floor left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) with holes respectively, by the work of described hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic supporting strut (17), can effectively control described left side back up pad (4) and the right back up pad (26) 0 degree opening or closing to 90 degree scope rotations;
Described dividing plate with holes (8), be configured in the 5-10 centimetre position, below of described spiral discharging device (12), the sea line direction is arranged, the aperture of dividing plate (8) is the 0.5-3 centimetre, and its material can be metal, plastics, organic composite material, marble slab, brick mixing cement structure;
Described draining savings storehouse (7), belong to the space between described dividing plate (8) with holes and described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) bottom surface, be that the height in draining savings storehouses (7) is at 0.5-1.5 rice, the top, side in draining savings storehouses (7) disposes air intlet (6), and its underpart disposes draining discharge outlet (20);
During the utility model work: at first feed in raw material, when reinforced, utilize the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic part telescopic lever (17), with multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) upper strata, the left side back up pad (4) that each layers such as middle level and lower floor are with holes and the right back up pad (26) all shrink or fall to sea line perpendicular 90 the degree open positions; then, by mechanical type charger or artificial, (illustrate: fermentation materials is by changing food waste and/or domestic refuse raw material with the fermentation materials of the moisture 40-55% (Wt%) of certainweight, high-temperature aerobic microbial bacteria or decomposing agent, water, and Nutrious fermented loose base-material etc. mixes by known technical formula and forms, C/N is 20-30) pass through charging opening (25) and utilize action of gravity to join above the interior dividing plate (8) of multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) submerged fermentation layer (14) downwards, when fermentation materials is feeded to 4/5 height from dividing plate (8) is surperficial, reinforced complete in fermentation layer (14), then, the reinforced successively of each fermentation layer (15,16,2) of layer (14) top of fermenting, namely, utilize the expansion force of hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic part telescopic lever (17), the off-position of closing up of sea line (0 degree) is upheld or up be pushed into to layer (15) bottom two back up pads in left and right (4,26) of fermenting, then, above-described fermentation materials is passed through toward power feed machine or artificial, in joining fermentation layer (15) downwards, charging opening (25) till 4/5 height, feeds in raw material in fermentation layer (15) complete, then, according to the reinforced same method of above-mentioned fermentation layer (14,15), in turn described fermentation materials is joined in fermentation layer (16) and fermentation layer (2), till each fermentation layer charging respectively to 4/5 height location, after the fermentation materials of each fermentation layer (2,16,15,14) in multi-layer type fermentation cabin (23) is reinforced complete, begin fermentation,
during fermentation, close and seal the lid (24) above multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) napex charging opening (25), valve-off (9,27,28) is opened valve (29), then, start the buncher (18) of agitator in each layers such as fermentation cabin (23) upper strata, middle level, lower floor (19,19a), drive agitator (19,19a) rotation, allow various components in fermentation materials in multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) (as, changing food waste and/or domestic refuse raw material, high-temperature aerobic microbial bacteria or decomposing agent, water and Nutrious fermented loose base-material) fully mix and rolling up and down, by fan and airheater, the air at room temperature heating is become the warm air of 50-80 ℃, with warm air process valve (29), in turn be transported in each layer fermentation materials such as lower floor, middle level, upper strata of multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23), and the aperture of direction string fermentation materials back up pad (4,26) excessively with holes enters into fermentation materials from the bottom up, the heat of warm air is passed to equably the fermentation materials of room temperature, offered the needed oxygen of fermentation materials, in the warm air fermentation materials that is penetrated into uniformly each fermentation layer (14,15,16,2) from the bottom up, it is consistent that the ascending temperature of fermentation materials and the temperature of warm air reach balance rapidly, the active middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that adapts to of mesophile that namely reaches fast or keep the zymotechnique requirement carries out the fermentation of middle thermophase, or reaches fast and the best hot stage (50-80 ℃) of keeping the thermophile bacteria activity and adapting to, after hot stage (50-80 ℃) fermentation is complete, the middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that enters the desired fermentation materials of technique becomes thoroughly decomposed the phase, close HAI Heated Air Intake valve (29), open air at room temperature air intake valve (27), room temperature freezing air or Cryogenic air are input to multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) upper strata, the middle level, in the fermentation materials of each layer such as lower floor, with the heat in room temperature freezing air absorption fermentation materials (50-80 ℃), make rapidly the temperature of the fermentation materials of hot stage be reduced to the active middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that adapts to of mesophile of processing requirement, finally complete fast whole fermenting process, in aerobic fermentation, can be regular according to processing requirement or the irregular fermentation materials input air of giving each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) upper strata, middle level, lower floor, can the be regular or irregular agitator (19,19a) that starts, fermentation materials is contacted fully with air in stirring up and down, increase oxygen fully contacts with material, improves fermenting speed, in fermentation, the draining that oozes that is collected in draining savings storehouses (7) that will produce in fermenting is termly discharged fermentation cabin (23) through draining discharge outlet (20) and valve (28), ooze draining and can turn back to the needed moisture of adjusting fermentation materials in multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23), or through discharging after environmental purification processing up to standard, the carbonic acid gas that will produce in constantly fermenting, water vapor, ammonia and other gas are discharged multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) from venting port (22), and enter in gas-cleaning installation, enter atmosphere after process absorption or purifying treatment are up to standard,
When the temperature of the fermentation materials of the fermentation layer (14) of multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) foot that shows when thermometer or detector (3) drops to the temperature parameter that the desired fermentation of technique completes, or open discharge valve (9) degree of corrosion or the degree of stability of the fermentation materials in fermentation layer (14) detected chemical examination, after showing that as test fermentation is completed, stop the fermentation of fermentation layer (14) interior material; Fermentation layer (14) interior fermentation materials this moment (domestic refuse or changing food waste) be the innoxious bio-organic fertilizer that has changed into the loose shape of brown, and the fermenting process in fermentation cabin (14) is completed; Then, close air door (27), open discharge valve (9), start spiral discharging device (12,25), the interior bio-feritlizer of layer (14) that will ferment is all discharged from multi-stage type fermentation cabin (23) through discharge gate (10) and valve (9), then carry out sorting, fragmentation, allotment, granulation, drying and packing, obtain at last the bio-feritlizer commodity;
After the fermentation materials in fermentation layer (14) is all discharged, begin again to feed to fermentation layer (14) and carry out the fermentation of next batch fermentation materials, the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (15) of layer (14) top of fermenting drops into downwards in fermentation layer (14) and further ferments; Working method: by the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic part telescopic lever (17), the left side back up pad (4) of layer (15) bottom supporting fermentation materials of fermenting is all shunk with the right back up pad (26) or pulls down to the open position of vertical (90 spend), to ferment, the downward action of gravity of material utilization in all fermentations drops in fermentation layer (14) in layer (15), carries out further thoroughly fermentation in fermentation layer (14); Then, utilize the expansion force of hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic part telescopic lever (17), the off-position of closing up of sea line (0 degree) is upheld or up be pushed into to layer two of the left and right back up pad (4,26) of (15) bottom of fermenting, and begins charging for the layer (15) that ferments; namely, the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (16) on layer (15) top of fermenting drops into downwards in fermentation layer (15) and further ferments, working method: by the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (13) and hydraulic part telescopic lever (17), the left side back up pad (4) of layer (16) bottom supporting fermentation materials of fermenting is all shunk with the right back up pad (26) or pulls down to the open position of vertical (90 spend), to ferment, the downward action of gravity of material utilization in all fermentations drops in fermentation layer (15) in layer (16), according to above the same manner of giving fermentation layer (14,15) charging, the fermentation materials of layer (2) of fermenting installs in fermentation layer (6), after the fermentation materials in fermentation layer (2) is drained downwards, feed for fermentation layer (2), namely, can adopt artificial or the power feed machine is sent to fermentation layer (2) described fermentation materials to 4/5 height from charging opening (25), can effectively monitor the work loading height in fermentation layer (2) by glass visor (21).
Biochemical basis according to aerobic fermentation, the utility model can carry out the aerobic fermentation of kinds of processes in the following manner, namely, (1) fermentation materials can be by method as described above, from room temperature state, thermophase in process in order (25-40 ℃)---hot stage (50-80 ℃)---zymotechnique of the routine of-middle thermophase (25-40 ℃); (2) fermentation materials is from room temperature state, directly being climbed to hot stage (50-80 ℃) ferments fast, utilize the biochemical Decomposition of high temperature thermophilic microorganism bacterium that organism is degraded rapidly, then fermentation materials is carried out further fast cooling to middle thermophase (25-40 ℃), carry out the fermentation of the phase of becoming thoroughly decomposed in later stage; (3) fermentation materials is from room temperature state, thermophase in process in order (25-40 ℃) fermentation----hot stage (50-80 ℃) fermentation, then, with ferment material after complete of hot stage, discharge fermentation cabin of the present utility model (39), middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) fermentation of the phase of becoming thoroughly decomposed again after the sorting of sieving, pulverizing in the aerobic fermentation chamber of routine;
After the fermentation materials fermentation was complete, sieve sorting, pulverizing, allotment, granulation, drying obtained the organic fertilizer product at last.

Claims (1)

1. the multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, mainly by housing, the fermentation cabin charging opening, the glass visor, thermometer or hygrosensor, agitator, two of left and right with holes material back up pad promotes the hydraulic efficiency plant that back up pad is closed or opened, and spiral discharging device forms:
It is characterized in that: the charging opening of multi-layer type fermentation cabin is configured in top or the top of multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing, air-locked lid that the top configuration of described charging opening can seal; The top of the housing of described fermentation cabin or top configuration pneumatic outlet; The glass visor is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section; HAI Heated Air Intake valve and air at room temperature air intake valve link with the air intlet of fermentation cabin housing bottom respectively; Thermometer or hygrosensor are configured in respectively the sidewall of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section, and the inside that is inserted into each fermentation layer contacts with material; The side of the bottom of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin housing configuration draining discharge outlet, draining discharge outlet and water discharging valve UNICOM; Agitator is configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing, the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, and every layer of configurable one or more agitator drive agitator by buncher and rotate;
Two of left and rights with holes fermentation materials back up pad, formed by semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes, the material of described back up pad can be metal, plastics, organic composite material, marble slab or inanimate matter sheet material, it is the hole of 0.5-3 centimetre that diameter is arranged on back up pad, by rotatable stay-bolt, described left side semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad, the right semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes with holes are separately fixed at the side of described fermentation cabin housing; Back up pad, is rotated in 0 degree sea line direction to 90 degree vertical line direction scope as pivot point with rotatable stay-bolt; That is, when left side back up pad or the right back up pad were in 0 degree sea line position simultaneously, two back up pads of left side back up pad and the right back up pad were closed up fully and close, and left side back up pad and the fermentation materials above the back up pad of the right are toward falling; When left side back up pad and the right back up pad were in the position of 90 degree vertical direction, left side back up pad and the right back up pad were opened fully, and the fermentation materials of left side back up pad and the right back up pad top is all toward the whereabouts; Left side back up pad and the right back up pad are configured in respectively the 0.2-1.5 rice position, agitator below of each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing upper strata, middle level, lower floor by the sea line direction;
Spiral discharging device is configured in the position of 5-10 centimetre of dividing plate top in the fermentation layer of fermentation cabin housing, and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port of the discharge end of spiral discharging device, the below configuration discharge valve of discharge port;
Hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut, be configured respectively and connect with upper strata, middle level, each layer of lower floor of multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing left side back up pad, the right back up pad with holes respectively, by the work of hydraulic efficiency plant and hydraulic supporting strut, can effectively control described left side back up pad, the right back up pad 0 degree opening or closing to 90 degree scope rotations;
The housing of multi-layer type aerobic fermentation chamber can be round shape or casing shape, and its material can be the coagulation structure of brick and cement, or metal, plastics, organic composite material;
The fermentation cabin charging opening is configured in the top of fermentation cabin housing, air-locked lid that the top configuration of described charging opening can seal;
The glass visor is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section;
Agitator can be spiral stirrer, grid agitator, wing shape agitator; Be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing, the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator drive agitator by buncher and rotate;
Fermentation materials back up pad with holes, formed by left side semicircle with holes or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad, the right semicircle or two back up pads of rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes, be configured in respectively upper strata, middle level, the lower interior part of described fermentation cabin housing by the sea line direction;
Draining savings storehouse belongs to the space between dividing plate with holes and fermentation cabin housing bottom surface; The height in draining savings storehouse is at 0.5-1.5 rice, and the top, side that draining is saved the storehouse disposes hot-air inlets and air at room temperature import, and its underpart disposes wastewater outlet.
CN2013200598393U 2013-02-04 2013-02-04 Multi-layer type aerobic fermentation cabin for household garbage and/or kitchen waste CN203269804U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103724061A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-16 卢璐娇 Device and method for producing biological organic fertilizer by using bagasse
CN104492789A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 沈阳工业大学 Biodegradable waste processor and method for producing mycoprotein by using same
CN104591811A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-06 广西大学 Multi-section fermentation system and application thereof in organic solid waste treatment
CN106281982A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 何颖 Biogas generating device and biogas production method thereof
CN107011002A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-04 湖州知维技术服务有限公司 A kind of biological integrated treatment technology of organic domestic waste
CN110699139A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-01-17 联合优发生物质能源徐州有限公司 Biomass granular fuel prepared from wastes

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103724061A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-16 卢璐娇 Device and method for producing biological organic fertilizer by using bagasse
CN103724061B (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-09-23 卢璐娇 A kind of apparatus and method utilizing bagasse to produce bio-organic fertilizer
CN104492789A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 沈阳工业大学 Biodegradable waste processor and method for producing mycoprotein by using same
CN104492789B (en) * 2014-12-18 2017-02-22 沈阳工业大学 Biodegradable waste processor and method for producing mycoprotein by using same
CN104591811A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-06 广西大学 Multi-section fermentation system and application thereof in organic solid waste treatment
CN104591811B (en) * 2014-12-24 2017-08-25 广西大学 A kind of multisection type fermentation system and its application in organic solid castoff processing
CN106281982A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 何颖 Biogas generating device and biogas production method thereof
CN106281982B (en) * 2016-08-12 2019-08-02 青岛华睿弘光能源科技有限责任公司 Biogas generating device and its biogas production method
CN107011002A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-04 湖州知维技术服务有限公司 A kind of biological integrated treatment technology of organic domestic waste
CN110699139A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-01-17 联合优发生物质能源徐州有限公司 Biomass granular fuel prepared from wastes

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