CN203261815U - Full-automatic loading machine for fungus cultivation bags - Google Patents

Full-automatic loading machine for fungus cultivation bags Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203261815U
CN203261815U CN 201320247096 CN201320247096U CN203261815U CN 203261815 U CN203261815 U CN 203261815U CN 201320247096 CN201320247096 CN 201320247096 CN 201320247096 U CN201320247096 U CN 201320247096U CN 203261815 U CN203261815 U CN 203261815U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bag
photoelectric sensor
full
motor
film
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CN 201320247096
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程名杨
张树根
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程名杨
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Priority to CN 201320247096 priority Critical patent/CN203261815U/en
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Publication of CN203261815U publication Critical patent/CN203261815U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a full-automatic loading machine for fungus cultivation bags, and aims to provide a full-automatic loading machine for the fungus cultivation bags, which is capable of loading materials for fungus cultivation bags. The full-automatic loading machine for the fungus cultivation bags is mainly composed of a feeding device and a bag making device, wherein the feeding device mainly comprises a feed cylinder, a spiral conveying rod and a spiral rod driving component, the spiral conveying rod is arranged in the feed cylinder, the spiral rod driving component is used for driving the spiral conveying rod to rotate, the bag making device is mainly composed of a film withdrawing roller, a bag film forming piece, a fit burning knife and a burning knife pusher, the bag film forming piece gradually shrinks to a cylinder shape, and the burning knife pusher pushes the burning cutter to do flexible motions. According to the utility model, the full-automatic loading machine for the fungus cultivation bags can make the cultivation bags and feed materials in the cultivation bags in a full-automatic manner, the feeding device and the bag making device can automatically fill cultivation materials in the cultivation bags, a bag replacing device can automatically replace the cultivation bags subjected to material filling via the feeding device and the bag making device, and an automatic perforating device can automatically bore the cultivation bags subjected to material filling.

Description

The full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag

Technical field

The utility model relates to the full-automatic charger of a kind of mushroom cultivation bag.

Background technology

The cultivation of edible mushroom needs good composts or fertilisers of cultivating, and composts or fertilisers of cultivating mainly is comprised of wood chip, rice husk, cotton seed hulls etc. and auxiliary filling.The pack of existing composts or fertilisers of cultivating is mainly by manually completing, and not only efficient is low, labour intensity is large, and pack quantitatively can't be unified, and easily causes the pollution of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, is unfavorable for the cultivation of edible mushroom.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag that can automatically feed to the mushroom cultivation bag.

The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: the full-automatic charger of a kind of mushroom cultivation bag, and it is characterized in that: it mainly is comprised of feed arrangement and bag making device;

Feed arrangement mainly comprises barrel, the spiral conveyor rod in barrel is set and is used for driving the screw drive assembly that spiral conveyor rod rotates;

Bag making device mainly comprise move back the film roller, reducing becomes the bag film profiled member of tubular, the boiling hot cutter pusher of fitting and scalding cutter and promoting to scald the cutter telescopic movable gradually, bag film profiled member is set in outside barrel, leave the gap between bag film profiled member and barrel, the boiling hot cutter of fitting is arranged on bag film profiled member below and over against the barrel outer wall, moves back the film roller and be arranged on bag film profiled member away from the outside of boiling hot cutter one side of fitting.

further, charger also comprises changes bagging apparatus, this changes bagging apparatus and mainly comprises a pair of heat-sealing-cutting breaking to pressing mutually, promote the heat-sealing-cutting breaking pusher of heat-sealing-cutting breaking telescopic movable, a pair of energy is clip-on armful of sackholder mutually, promote to embrace armful sackholder pusher of sackholder telescopic movable, adjustable shelf, photoelectric sensor a and photoelectric sensor b, described heat-sealing-cutting breaking is disposed on the below of barrel, described armful of sackholder is disposed on the below of heat-sealing-cutting breaking, described armful of sackholder all is arranged on adjustable shelf and by adjustable shelf with an armful sackholder pusher and drives oscilaltion, described photoelectric sensor a is disposed on and embraces below sackholder, photoelectric sensor b is disposed on photoelectric sensor a below.

Described charger also comprises automatic punching device, and this automatic punching device mainly is comprised of frame, rear carrier and punching component; Described frame lower is provided with stepper motor, and stepper motor drives the rear carrier motion, is provided with the bag groove that is longitudinal extension and is spaced laying along rear carrier on described rear carrier;

Described punching component is arranged on a bag groove at rear carrier middle part, and punching component comprises a plurality of drilling motors along bag groove bearing of trend spread configuration, is arranged on drill bit and wobble drive assembly under drilling motor; Described drilling motor drives drill bit and rotates, and described drilling motor is arranged on the bracing frame that can move up and down, and described wobble drive assembly carries out oscilaltion by the oscilaltion that drives bracing frame to drive drilling motor.

Described wobble drive assembly comprises the oscillating motor be located under frame, turning cylinder, eccentric wheel, swing arm a, axostylus axostyle, two swing arm b and control step electric motor starting and the photoelectric sensor c that stops, support frame as described above comprises by two support bars and is arranged on two brace summers on support bar and forms, and described drilling motor is arranged on brace summer; Two support bars are separately positioned on the frame dual-side, but and two support bar oscilaltions slips; Described oscillating motor drives turning cylinder and rotates, be provided with eccentric wheel on turning cylinder, eccentric wheel sleeve is provided with and swings circle, swing circle and be hinged on the end of swing arm a by a bar, the other end of swing arm a is fixedly connected on an axostylus axostyle, the axostylus axostyle two ends are fixedly connected with the end of two swing arm b respectively, and the other end of two swing arm b is hinged on respectively the bottom of two support bars; One distolateral limit of turning cylinder also is provided with over against turning cylinder photoelectric sensor c, the induction zone position that is positioned at photoelectric sensor c on the turning cylinder outer wall is arranged at intervals with induction point c and the induction point c' that matches with photoelectric sensor c, and photoelectric sensor puts c by sensitive respectively and induction point c' comes the startup of control step motor and stops.

Also be provided with a flat clamp that is used for the cultivation bag in the bag groove is flattened in advance processing in the front side of bracing frame, flat clamp is fixedly connected with bracing frame and synchronizes oscilaltion with bracing frame.

Described automatic punching device also comprises front conveyer belt, rebound and returning face plate; Described front conveyer belt is rotated by a motor-driven; Described rebound, returning face plate are successively set on the rear end rear side of front conveyer belt, and the upper surface of rebound, returning face plate is all in the same plane with the upper surface of front conveyer belt, and the two ends of returning face plate are hinged to be arranged on frame; One side of returning face plate is hinged with swing arm, and swing arm is hinged with lever away from an end of returning face plate, and the fulcrum of this lever is arranged on frame, and its other end is hinged on bracing frame.

Be provided with the photoelectric sensor d for induction bag groove position on the frame at described rear carrier lateral location place, photoelectric sensor d proofreaies and correct the position of bag groove by the control step motor.

Compared to prior art, the utility model has the advantage of: the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag can automatically be carried out the bag charging to cultivation bag automatically, and wherein, feed arrangement and bag making device can carry out filler automatically to the planting material of cultivation bag; Changing bagging apparatus can carry out the replacing of cultivation bag automatically to the cultivation bag after feed arrangement and bag making device filler, and automatic punching device can carry out automatic punching to the cultivation bag after filler.In the utility model, the Bag Material degree of packing in cultivation bag is regulated, and the length of cultivation bag can be regulated as required, and can carry out automatic punching to prepared cultivation bag, safe and stable equipment operation only needs an equipment operating workman during operation, production efficiency improves simultaneously greatly.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model.

Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 embodiment is in the phantom in the bag process.

Fig. 3 is the left view of the bag film profiled member shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the degree of tightness casing device shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the vertical view of embracing sackholder shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is the running status figure of Fig. 1 embodiment.

Fig. 7 is the front view of a kind of automatic punching device embodiment of the utility model.

Fig. 8 is the A-A cutaway view in Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is the vertical view of turning cylinder in Fig. 7.

Figure 10 is the running status figure in Fig. 7.

Label declaration: 101, hopper; 102, barrel; 103, spiral conveyor rod; 104, carry motor; 105, speed changer; 106, move back the film roller; 107, bag film profiled member; 108, cutter is scalded in applying; 109, scald the cutter pusher; 110, applying backing plate; 111, heat-sealing-cutting breaking; 112, heat-sealing-cutting breaking pusher; 113, embrace sackholder; 114, embrace the sackholder pusher; 115, photoelectric sensor a; 116, photoelectric sensor b; 117, screw rod mobile motor; 118, adjustable shelf; 119, degree of tightness is embraced the film folder; 120, degree of tightness is embraced film folder pusher; 121, spreader bar; 122, cultivation bag; 123, choke; 124, plastic film roll;

201, stepper motor; 202, rear carrier; 203, bag groove; 205, drilling motor; 206, drill bit; 207, photoelectric sensor c; 208, support bar; 209, oscillating motor; 210, eccentric wheel; 211, swing circle; 212, swing arm a; 213, axostylus axostyle; 214, swing arm b; 215, front conveyer belt; 216, rebound; 217, returning face plate; 218, swing arm; 219, lever; 220, flat clamp; 221, induction point c; 222, induction point c'; 223, photoelectric sensor d; 224, photoelectric sensor f; 225, induction point f; 226, turning cylinder.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with Figure of description and embodiment, the utility model content is elaborated:

Be depicted as the embodiment schematic diagram of the full-automatic charger of a kind of mushroom cultivation bag that the utility model provides as Fig. 1 to 10, this charger mainly by feed arrangement, bag making device, change bagging apparatus and form.

As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, described feed arrangement mainly comprises hopper 101, is connected to the following barrel 102 of hopper 101, is arranged on the spiral conveyor rod 103 in hopper 101 and barrel 102 and is used for driving the screw drive assembly that spiral conveyor rod 103 rotates.The screw drive assembly comprises conveying motor 104 and the speed changer 105 that is arranged on hopper 101, carries motor 104 indirectly to drive spiral conveyor rod 103 by speed changer 105 and rotates; Planting material is through belt or manually directly send in hopper 101, then is rotated by motor-driven spiral conveyor rod 103, and spiral conveyor rod 103 is used for that the planting material of 101 li, hopper is carried out extruding pack downwards and carries.

In Fig. 1 and 2, bag making device mainly comprise move back film roller 106, reducing becomes the bag film profiled member 107 of tubular, the boiling hot cutter pusher 109 of fitting and scalding cutter 108 and promoting to scald the cutter telescopic movable gradually; Bag film profiled member 107 is set on barrel 102, inboard and barrel 102 outer walls of bag film profiled member 107 leave the gap, fit and scald cutter 108 on the barrel 102 of bag film profiled member 107 choke 123 downsides, and the boiling hot cutter 108 of fitting on barrel 102 also is provided with the applying backing plate 110 that matches with the boiling hot cutter 108 of fitting over against the position, moves back film roller 106 and is arranged on bag film profiled member 107 away from the outside of boiling hot cutter 108 1 sides of fitting.Move back the plastic film roll 124 that film roller 106 is used for bag and move back film use, plastic film extracts from moving back film roller 106, and introduces in bag film profiled member 107 and be rolled into cultivation bag 122 cylindraceous.

At above-mentioned film roller 106 upsides that move back, a spreader bar 121 can be set also, unfold and come to be used for moving back the plastic film of drawing on film roller 106, this spreader bar 121 is arranged on and moves back between film roller 106 and bag film profiled member 107.

As shown in Fig. 1,2 and 3, a bag film profiled member 107 is by an iron sheet piece crinkle funnel, and the choke 123 of its underpart can just be with barrel 102 around living, and leave the gap between choke 123 and barrel 102, for passing through of plastic film., then scald cutter 108 through the applying of bag film profiled member 107 downsides and coordinate with applying backing plate 110 the bonding cultivation bag 122 of making is carried out on the both sides of plastic film by being arranged on after bag film profiled member 107 is rolled into tubular from plastic film roll 124 plastic film out.

As shown in Fig. 1,2 and 4, for the convenient fluffy degree of adjusting cultivation bag 122 interior planting materials, in the arranged outside of bag film profiled member 107 degree of tightness casing device, degree of tightness casing device comprises that a pair of obvolvent is embraced film folder 119 and driven degree of tightness in the degree of tightness of barrel 102 lateral walls of applying backing plate 110 downsides and embraces the degree of tightness of film folder 119 telescopic movables and embrace film folder pusher 120.In the bag process, degree of tightness is embraced film folder 119 can carry out cramping to cultivation bag 122 folders through fitting, under the clamping force effect, the resistance of cultivation bag 122 down slidings will increase, carrying charging downwards by the spiral conveyor rod 103 in barrel 102 like this, the planting material of the lower end of spiral conveyor rod 103 can be extruded more abundantly.Otherwise the degree of tightness of retracting is outward embraced film folder 119, reduces cultivation bag 122 by drop-down resistance, and the planting material of spiral conveyor rod 103 cultivation bag that squeezes into 122 comparatively speaking can be more fluffy like this.

As shown in Fig. 1,2 and 5, the above-mentioned bagging apparatus that changes mainly comprises a pair of armful sackholder pusher 114, adjustable shelf 118, photoelectric sensor a115 and the photoelectric sensor b116 that mutually the heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 of pressure, the heat-sealing-cutting breaking pusher 112 that promotes heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 telescopic movables, armful sackholder 113, promotion is embraced sackholder 113 telescopic movables, described heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 is disposed on the downside of barrel 102, and the cutter head of this heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 is arranged at intervals with upper cover, cutting blade and low head from top to bottom successively.Described armful of sackholder 113 all is arranged on adjustable shelf 118 with an armful sackholder pusher 114, and adjustable shelf 118 is disposed on the below of heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111, embraces sackholder 113 and is used for being used in conjunction with heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111.Adjustable shelf 118 by a screw rod mobile motor 117 by a screw drive moving up and down, certainly, adjustable shelf 118 also can directly be promoted move up and down by other pushers such as hydraulic cylinder or cylinders.Photoelectric sensor a115 is disposed on and embraces sackholder 113 belows, and photoelectric sensor b116 is disposed on photoelectric sensor a115 below.Photoelectric sensor a115 and photoelectric sensor b116 are all for detection is responded in the position of the cultivation bag 122 after barrel 102 chargings.

The cutter head of heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 is the mountain font shape that side is fallen, the both sides up and down of cutter head are the heat posted plywood, the centre is fervent breaking, and the end mouth applying of the top mouth applying of cultivation bag under such design can realize in course of action (cultivation bag of namely just having feeded), upper cultivation bag and the cut-out work between lower cultivation bag and upper cultivation bag are carried out simultaneously.

cultivation bag charging process as shown in Figure 6, when planting material, at first when making first cultivation bag 122, adopt artificial mode of traction that plastic film is drawn from moving back film roller 106, then by bag film profiled member 107 with the plastic film crinkle become cylinder and the plastic film two ends overlapping, by manpower downwards slowly traction be cylindrical plastic film, starting simultaneously fits scalds cutter 108, the two ends that allowing the boiling hot cutter 108 of applying will be cylindrical plastic film are carried out bonding, when the cylinder plastic film after bonding is pulled down to heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 place, start the involution formation cultivation bag 122 that heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 carries out cylindrical plastic film bottom.

Embrace film folder pusher 120 in above-mentioned boiling hot cutter pusher 109, heat-sealing-cutting breaking pusher 112, armful sackholder pusher 114, degree of tightness and all can use cylinder, oil cylinder or motor direct-drive.

Just can start spiral conveyor rod 103 after above-mentioned first cultivation bag 122 completes feeds, next whole charging process, bag process and change bag process and operate by the PLC procedure auto-control, its operation is as follows: start conveying motor 104, spiral conveyor rod 103 begins to rotate feeds; In charging process, spiral conveyor rod 103 extruding downwards is to get into planting material 122 li of cultivation bags, cultivation bag 122 is extruded and moves down because of the continuous filling of planting material, in cultivation bag 122 moving process, move back on film roller 106 plastic film roll 124 simultaneously also slowly be pulled out and through bag film profiled member 107 and the applying of scalding cutter 108 of fitting make the plastic film of cylindrical shape; When the bottom of cultivation bag 122 moves on to photoelectric sensor a115, carry motor 104 to stop driving the rotation of spiral conveyor rod 103.also be equipped with planting material because of 111 of heat-sealing-cutting breakings this moment in the cultivation bag 122 of position, can't seal, change bag armful clamp device so just arrange one, embracing sackholder 113 startups holds cultivation bag 122 tightly, and by screw rod mobile motor 117 will embrace sackholder 113 together with the charging after the drop-down photoelectric sensor b116 that moves to of cultivation bag 122, after photoelectric sensor b116 senses cultivation bag 122, send instruction, screw rod mobile motor 117 shuts down, start simultaneously heat-sealing and cut-out that heat-sealing-cutting breaking 111 carries out two sacks in up and down, after cut-out is completed, armful sackholder 113 and screw rod mobile motor 117 are all kept in the center, the former cultivation bag of being held tightly by armful sackholder freely falls because losing enclasping force, spiral conveyor rod 103 restarts the charging of next cultivation bag 122.Charger is carried out the charging process of next bag cultivating material automatically.

Also have, when 111 pairs of cultivation bags 122 of heat-sealing-cutting breaking seal cut-out, because cultivation bag 122 needs the static a bit of time, when so photoelectric sensor b116 senses cultivation bag 122, starting simultaneously fits scalds 109 retractions of cutter pusher, fit to retract and scald cutter 108, prevent from scorching cultivation bag 122.

As Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, after the automatic bagging that carries out cultivation bag 122, punch on cultivation bag 122 for convenient, also be provided with automatic punching device described changing below bagging apparatus.Automatic punching device mainly is comprised of frame, rear carrier 202 and punching component; Described frame lower is provided with stepper motor 201, and stepper motor 201 drives rear carriers 202 motions, is provided with on described rear carrier 202 to be longitudinal extension and along 202 spaced bags of grooves of rear carrier 203.

Above-mentioned punching component is arranged on a bag groove 203 at rear carrier 202 middle parts, and punching component comprises a plurality of drilling motors 205 along bag groove 203 bearing of trend spread configurations, is arranged on drill bit 206 and wobble drive assembly under drilling motor 205; Described drilling motor 205 drives drill bit 206 and rotates, and described drilling motor 205 is arranged on and can moves up and down on people's bracing frame, and described wobble drive assembly carries out oscilaltion by the oscilaltion that drives bracing frame to drive drilling motor 205.

Described wobble drive assembly comprises the photoelectric sensor c207 that the oscillating motor 209 that is arranged under frame, turning cylinder 226, eccentric wheel 210, swing arm a212, axostylus axostyle 213, two swing arm b214 and control step motor 201 start and stop, support frame as described above comprises by two support bars 208 and is arranged on two brace summers on support bar 208 and form, and described drilling motor 205 is arranged on brace summer; Two support bars 208 are separately positioned on the frame dual-side, but and two support bar 208 oscilaltions slips; Described oscillating motor 209 drives turning cylinder 226 and rotates, be provided with eccentric wheel 210 on turning cylinder 226, outer being arranged with of eccentric wheel 210 swings circle 211, swing circle 211 and be hinged on the end of swing arm a212 by a bar, the other end of swing arm a212 is fixedly connected on an axostylus axostyle 213, axostylus axostyle 213 two ends are fixedly connected with the end of two swing arm b214 respectively, and the other end of two swing arm b214 is hinged on respectively the bottom of two support bars 208; One distolateral limit of turning cylinder 226 also is provided with over against turning cylinder 226 photoelectric sensor c207, the induction zone position that is positioned at photoelectric sensor c207 on turning cylinder 226 outer walls is arranged at intervals with induction point c221 and the induction point c'222 that matches with photoelectric sensor c207, and photoelectric sensor puts c221 by sensitive respectively and induction point c'222 comes the startup of control step motor 201 and stops.

Simultaneously, for increase perforating device to the automatic statistics of cultivation bag 122 quantity through punching, also be provided with an induction point f and a photoelectric sensor f224 who matches with induction point f be set turning cylinder 226 is other on turning cylinder 226.Because turning cylinder 226 is the oscilaltions that indirectly drive the drilling motor 205 on punching component, both have synchronism, so add up the rotation number of turns of turning cylinder 226 by a photoelectric sensor f224 is set, and then the quantity of the cultivation bag 122 of processing punching through perforating device is added up.

As shown in Figure 7, conveyer belt 215, rebound 216 and returning face plate 217 before the front end of above-mentioned rear carrier 202 also is provided with; Described front conveyer belt 215 is driven by described oscillating motor 209 and rotates; Described rebound 216, returning face plate 217 are arranged side by side at the rear end of front conveyer belt 215 rear side, and the upper surface of rebound 216, returning face plate 217 is all in the same plane with the upper surface of front conveyer belt 215, and the two ends of returning face plate 217 are hinged to be arranged on frame; One side of returning face plate 217 is rotatably connected to swing arm 218, and swing arm 218 is rotationally connected a lever 219, and the fulcrum of this lever 219 is arranged on frame, and its other end is rotatably connected on the bottom of support bar 208.returning face plate 217 is followed support bar 208 oscilaltions by lever 219 and synchronous the swing, the rear side of returning face plate 217 is provided with a convex edge that raises up, and the width of returning face plate 217 just can only hold next cultivation bag 122, in the situation that front conveyer belt 215 constantly carries cultivation bag mobile backward, when the cultivation bag of walking is up front encountered the convex edge, because the width of returning face plate 217 just can only hold next cultivation bag 122, being positioned at the cultivation bag that top cultivation bag can stop this cultivation bag rear side advances, simultaneously the cultivation bag of rear side is drawn close under the effect of the continuous motion of front conveyer belt 215 with top cultivation bag, and the bearing of trend of the cultivation bag sack of rear side can be consistent with the bearing of trend of returning face plate.In a word, the length of returning face plate 217 and be arranged on convex edge on returning face plate 217 and coordinate to guarantee that returning face plate 217 is each only a bag cultivating bag upset can be sent in bag groove, the effect of adjusting cultivation bag sack bearing of trend is also played in the convex edge simultaneously.The each swing of returning face plate 217 only can make a cultivation bag 122 fall into bag groove 203; Along with the rotation of oscillating motor 209, returning face plate 217 is followed support bar 208 and is carried out periodic wobble, thereby reaches synchronously pack into the purpose of bag groove 203 of cultivation bag 122.

Because be provided with bag groove 203 on rear carrier 202, and the bag groove 203 the shift position must with punching component on drill bit 206 position contrapositions accurate, so rear carrier 202 is arranged to two interval chains side by side, bag groove 203 is fixedly installed on chain again, then the transmission device between stepper motor 201 and rear carrier 202 is arranged to toothed belt wheel, stepper motor 201 is synchronizeed as much as possible with the rotation of rear carrier 202.

Because driving bag groove 203, stepper motor 201 carries out the stepping conveying, spacing between each bag groove 203 has tiny error, also can there be the error of rotation in the rotation of stepper motor 201 simultaneously, like this in the running of automatic punching device, these above-mentioned errors can accumulate, and the position of the drill bit 206 under the stepping position that finally can cause bag groove 203 and drilling motor 205 cannot reach and aim at, so be provided with a photoelectric sensor d223 who adjusts above-mentioned error in the front side of grooved bit 206.As shown in Figure 7, photoelectric sensor d223 is just the integral multiple of the horizontal range between adjacent two bags of grooves 203 in the horizontal range between position set on frame and grooved bit 206, in the present embodiment, photoelectric sensor d223 and grooved bit 206 front sides arranges apart from being two, interval bag groove 203.

Also have, because cultivation bag 122 ectosomes are cylindrical shape structures, in to its punching process, when drill bit 206 contacted with cultivation bag 122, cultivation bag 122 can roll sometimes, and drill bit 206 can't accurately be punched.Problem for cultivation bag 122 rollings, also be provided with a flat clamp 220 that is used for the cultivation bag 122 in bag groove 203 is flattened in advance processing in the front side of bracing frame, the two ends of flat clamp 220 are connected on two support bars 208 of bracing frame and can move up and down with support bar 208.Like this, before the punching of drill bit 206, be positioned at the flat clamp 220 of drill bit 206 front sides and can be in advance the cultivation bag 122 of bag groove 203 be carried out a concora crush and process, the punching of 206 pairs of cultivation bags 122 of drill bit like this is more accurate.

By Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 as can be known, each is connected and fixed flat clamp 220 two ends with a motion bar, every motion bar activity respectively is plugged on a crossbeam, one end of every crossbeam all is arranged on the support bar 208 of respective side, all overlapping on each root motion bar has a spring, and spring is located between flat clamp 220 and crossbeam.The spring purpose is set is for when the flat clamp 220 concora crush cultivation bag 122, make flat clamp 220 and the cultivation bag 122 can the elasticity concora crush, in order to avoid stave cultivation bag 122.

Figure 10 shows the running status of fully automatic perforator in the utility model, its running is as follows: start oscillating motor 209, the rotation of conveyer belt 215 and turning cylinder 226 before oscillating motor 209 drives by belt respectively is arranged on the indirect periodic wobble that drives drilling motor 205 periodicity oscilaltions and returning face plate 217 of eccentric wheel 210 on turning cylinder 226.The induction point c221 and the induction point c'222 that are arranged on turning cylinder 226 are constantly sensed by photoelectric sensor c207 along with the rotation of turning cylinder 226, when photoelectric sensor c207 senses induction point c221, start stepper motor 201 and rotate, move forward to pull a bag groove; When photoelectric sensor c207 senses induction point c'222, stop stepper motor 201 and rotate; Be arranged on the position that bag groove 203 other photoelectric sensor d223 respond to bag groove 203 automatically this moment, if photoelectric sensor d223 is not over against the position of sensing bag groove 203, again start stepper motor 201 to carry out the calibration of bag groove 203 positions, go to photoelectric sensor d223 over against at once when bag groove 203 positions, stop the rotation of stepper motor 201.

As can be known from Fig. 10, cultivation bag 122 after completing via the full-automatic charger charging of cultivation bag 122 drops on front conveyer belt 215 one by one, deliver to returning face plate 217 by front conveyer belt 215, periodically swung up and down following support bar 208 by returning face plate 217 again, in bag groove 203 that cultivation bag 122 is packed into one by one.Bag groove 203 is along with the rotation of stepper motor 201 moving backward step by step, cultivation bag 122 in bag groove 203 can first be arranged on grooved bit 206 front sides before stepping to grooved bit 206 downsides flat clamp 220 once flattens, and then just steps to grooved bit 206 downsides and punches; The cultivation bag 122 that has punched finally can be along with the movement of bag groove 203 and when bag groove 203 upset downwards and automatically drop out.

Claims (10)

1. full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag, it is characterized in that: it mainly is comprised of feed arrangement and bag making device;
Feed arrangement mainly comprises barrel (102), is arranged on the spiral conveyor rod (103) in barrel (102) and is used for driving the screw drive assembly that spiral conveyor rod (103) rotates;
Bag making device mainly comprise move back film roller (106), reducing becomes the bag film profiled member (107) of tubular, the boiling hot cutter pusher (109) that fit to scald cutter (108) and promote to scald the cutter telescopic movable gradually, bag film profiled member (107) is set in outside barrel (102), leave the gap between bag film profiled member (107) and barrel (102), the boiling hot cutter (108) of fitting is arranged on bag film profiled member (107) below and over against barrel (102) outer wall, moves back film roller (106) and be arranged on bag film profiled member (107) away from the outside of boiling hot cutter (108) one sides of fitting.
2. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also comprises changes bagging apparatus, change bagging apparatus and mainly comprise a pair of heat-sealing-cutting breaking (111) to pressing mutually, promote the heat-sealing-cutting breaking pusher (112) of heat-sealing-cutting breaking (111) telescopic movable, a pair of energy is clip-on armful of sackholder (113) mutually, promote to embrace armful sackholder pusher (114) of sackholder (113) telescopic movable, adjustable shelf (118), photoelectric sensor a(115) and photoelectric sensor b(116), described heat-sealing-cutting breaking (111) is arranged on the below of barrel (102), described armful of sackholder (113) is arranged on the below of heat-sealing-cutting breaking (111), described armful of sackholder (113) and an armful sackholder pusher (114) all are arranged on adjustable shelf (118) and upward and by adjustable shelf (118) drive oscilaltion, described photoelectric sensor a(115) be arranged on below armful sackholder (113), photoelectric sensor b(116) be arranged on photoelectric sensor a(115) below.
3. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: it also comprises automatic punching device, automatic punching device mainly is comprised of frame, rear carrier (202) and punching component; Described frame lower is provided with stepper motor (201), and stepper motor (201) drives rear carrier (202) motion, is provided with on described rear carrier (202) to be longitudinal extension and along the spaced bag of rear carrier (202) groove (203);
Described punching component is arranged on a bag groove (203) at rear carrier (202) middle part, and punching component comprises a plurality of drilling motors (205) along bag groove (203) bearing of trend spread configuration, is arranged on drill bit (206) and wobble drive assembly under drilling motor (205); Described drilling motor (205) drives drill bit (206) and rotates, described drilling motor (205) is arranged on the bracing frame that can move up and down, and described wobble drive assembly carries out oscilaltion by the oscilaltion that drives bracing frame to drive drilling motor (205).
4. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described wobble drive assembly comprises oscillating motor (209), turning cylinder (226), eccentric wheel (210), the swing arm a(212 that is arranged under frame), axostylus axostyle (213), two swing arm b(214) and control step motor (201) the photoelectric sensor c(207 that starts and stop), support frame as described above comprises by two support bars (208) and the brace summer that is arranged on two support bars (208) and forming, and described drilling motor (205) is arranged on brace summer; Two support bars (208) are separately positioned on the frame dual-side, and two support bars (208) but oscilaltion slide; Described oscillating motor (209) drives turning cylinder (226) and rotates, be provided with eccentric wheel (210) on turning cylinder (226), outer being arranged with of eccentric wheel (210) swings circle (211), swing circle (211) and be hinged on swing arm a(212 by a bar) an end, swing arm a(212) the other end is fixedly connected on an axostylus axostyle (213), axostylus axostyle (213) two ends respectively with two swing arm b(214) an end be fixedly connected with, two swing arm b(214) the other end be hinged on respectively the bottom of two support bars (208); One distolateral limit of turning cylinder (226) also is provided with over against turning cylinder (226) photoelectric sensor c(207), be positioned at photoelectric sensor c(207 on turning cylinder (226) outer wall) the induction zone position be arranged at intervals with and photoelectric sensor c(207) the induction point c(221 that matches) and induction point c'(222), photoelectric sensor is put c(221 by sensitive respectively) and induction point c'(222) come the startup of control step motor (201) and stop.
5. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: also be provided with a flat clamp (220) that is used for the cultivation bag (122) in bag groove (203) is flattened in advance processing in the front side of bracing frame, flat clamp (220) is fixedly connected with bracing frame and synchronizes oscilaltion with bracing frame.
6. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described automatic punching device also comprises front conveyer belt (215), rebound (216) and returning face plate (217); Described front conveyer belt (215) is rotated by a motor-driven; Described rebound (216), returning face plate (217) are successively set on the rear end rear side of front conveyer belt (215), and the upper surface of the upper surface of rebound (216) and front conveyer belt (215) is in the same plane, and the two ends of returning face plate (217) are hinged to be arranged on frame; One side of returning face plate (217) is hinged with swing arm (218), and swing arm (218) is hinged with lever (219) away from an end of returning face plate (217), and the fulcrum of this lever (219) is arranged on frame, and its other end is hinged on bracing frame.
7. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: be provided with the photoelectric sensor d(223 for induction bag groove (203) position on the frame at described rear carrier (202) lateral location place), photoelectric sensor d(223) proofread and correct the position of a bag groove (203) by control step motor (201).
8. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described rear carrier (202) is two interval chains side by side, described bag groove (203) is fixedly connected on chain.
9. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described bag film profiled member (107) below is provided with degree of tightness casing device, this degree of tightness casing device comprise a pair of can embrace film folder (119) and drive degree of tightness over against the degree of tightness of barrel (102) obvolvent embrace the degree of tightness of film folder (119) telescopic movable and embrace film folder pusher (120).
10. the full-automatic charger of mushroom cultivation bag according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described bag making device also comprises spreader bar (121), spreader bar (121) is arranged on and moves back between film roller (106) and nearly bag film profiled member (107).
CN 201320247096 2013-05-09 2013-05-09 Full-automatic loading machine for fungus cultivation bags CN203261815U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103238461A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-14 程名杨 Full-automatic fungus cultivating bags loading machine
CN103979144A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 合肥三冠机电设备有限公司 Package bag secondary automatic packaging system
CN103979156A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 合肥三冠机电设备有限公司 Bag supporting and bag holding mechanism of secondary packaging machine
CN104838891A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-19 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom culture medium bagging machine
CN105359832A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-02 内黄县昌兴生物机械设备有限公司 Raw material holding barrel inoculation bagging machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103238461A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-14 程名杨 Full-automatic fungus cultivating bags loading machine
CN103238461B (en) * 2013-05-09 2014-10-29 程名杨 Full-automatic fungus cultivating bags loading machine
CN103979144A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 合肥三冠机电设备有限公司 Package bag secondary automatic packaging system
CN103979156A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 合肥三冠机电设备有限公司 Bag supporting and bag holding mechanism of secondary packaging machine
CN104838891A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-19 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom culture medium bagging machine
CN104838891B (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-03-29 昌高机械(上海)有限公司 Mushroom bagging machine for culture material
CN105359832A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-02 内黄县昌兴生物机械设备有限公司 Raw material holding barrel inoculation bagging machine

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