CN203256265U - Comprehensive utilization system for combining biogas engineering products and agricultural planting - Google Patents

Comprehensive utilization system for combining biogas engineering products and agricultural planting Download PDF

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CN203256265U
CN203256265U CN2013201759566U CN201320175956U CN203256265U CN 203256265 U CN203256265 U CN 203256265U CN 2013201759566 U CN2013201759566 U CN 2013201759566U CN 201320175956 U CN201320175956 U CN 201320175956U CN 203256265 U CN203256265 U CN 203256265U
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natural pond
biogas
liquid
fermentation tank
anaerobic fermentation
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涂维浩
洪锋
王海生
梁红莉
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涂维浩
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The utility model discloses a comprehensive utilization system for combining biogas engineering products and agricultural planting. The comprehensive utilization system comprises an anaerobic fermentation tank and a plurality of crop planting fields, wherein the anaerobic fermentation tank is used for producing biogas; the crop planting fields are provided with pipeline irrigation systems; biogas slurry separated from upper fermentation liquid in the anaerobic fermentation tank is stored in a biogas slurry pool, and enters pipelines of the pipeline irrigation systems of the crop planting fields through a biogas slurry valve on an outflow pipeline; biogas in the top layer of the anaerobic fermentation tank is desulfurized by a desulfurization device and then is supplied to a fuel gas generator; the waste heat of the circulation cooling water and the high-temperature flue gas of the fuel gas generator is absorbed by a combined heat and power generation device and is used for preserving the heat of a reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank; medium-temperature flue gas subjected to secondary heat exchange is cooled by a cooling device and is controlled by a flue gas on a flue gas pipeline to enter the pipelines of the pipeline irrigation systems of the crop planting fields. The crop planting area and the yield of the biogas engineering products are matched for production, the maximum value of the products of biogas engineering is realized, and the maximum plating efficiency of crop planting is realized.

Description

The utilization system that the biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting
Technical field
The utility model belongs to biogas engineering product utilization system technical field, especially relates to the utilization system that a kind of biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting.
Background technology
To the end of the year 2010, the big-and-middle-sized biogas engineering more than 14000 that China has country to support is individual, and these biogas engineerings are subjected to the impact of product market fluctuation, and particularly natural pond liquid is restricted by shipment and delivery cost, generally is only suitable for local digestion.Also be subjected in addition the impact of raw material stability and operation troop state of the art, and itself return on investment (ROI) is on the low side, particularly the situation lost often appears in the biogas engineering of middle and small scale, has caused a large amount of wastings of resources.How to improve the comprehensive utilization ratio of biogas engineering, make due the acting as for the task of top priority of its performance.Name is called " fermented liquid of form anaerobic fermentation methane and natural pond fluid residual heat utilize system ", and (patent: patent 201220419558.X) has proposed by biogas production is combined with the warmhouse booth plantation, for greenhouse gardening provides insulation, fertilizer, the fertile CO of gas 2, by demonstrating fully the commodity of its product, solved the general earning rate problem on the low side of biogas engineering, but its precondition is the biogas engineering periphery big area greenhouse booth is arranged.At least need 20000 yuan of calculating with one mu of booth fixed investment, if newly build 300 mu, with needs a huge sum of money above 6,000,000 yuan.
In biogas engineering product comprehensive utilization, also have by pipeline irrigation natural pond liquid is applied to all kinds of kinds of plants, and also obtained suitable effect, but because just as fertilizer sources uses, cheap alternative fertilizer is very many, though so compare the advantage that a small amount of minimizing fertilizer cost is arranged with traditional planting patterns, but the advantage for the biogas engineering increasing both production and income is also not obvious, and also is delivered to the Cost Problems of planting site with natural pond liquid, and popularity rate is not very high.
Therefore develop a kind of economically feasible, and can take full advantage of the fertile CO of heat energy, fertilizer, gas in the biogas engineering product comprehensively 2The utilization system that combines with agricultural planting of biogas engineering product, by demonstrating fully the comprehensive value of its product, producing sufficient economic benefit becomes the key point of vitalizing the biogas engineering industry.
Summary of the invention
The utility model mainly is that the existing technical problem of prior art, the utilization system that provides a kind of biogas engineering product to combine with agricultural planting are provided.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present utility model is mainly solved by following technical proposals: the utilization system that a kind of biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting, comprise the anaerobic fermentation tank of producing biogas and the some proportion of crop plantings ground that is provided with pipe irrigation system, the biogas of top layer is collected and is stored in the tank for sewage gas in the described anaerobic fermentation tank, biogas is through desulfurizer desulphurization treatment and supplied gas electricity generator, the recirculated cooling water of gas electricity generator and high-temperature flue gas respectively with the cogeneration system heat exchange, middle high-temperature flue gas after the high-temperature-hot-water that cogeneration system is produced and the first heat exchange respectively with anaerobic fermentation tank in the reaction solution heat exchange, reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank is incubated, to keep the optimum temps of reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank, the middle temperature flue gas behind the secondary heat exchange is being controlled in the irrigation system pipeline that enters proportion of crop planting ground by the smoke valve on the flue after the refrigerating unit cooling.
As preferably, be the more convenient products such as its natural pond slag, natural pond liquid that take full advantage of, described anaerobic fermentation tank fermented liquid at the middle and upper levels enters solid-liquid separator, produce the fertile and product liquid natural pond liquid of solid product natural pond slag through the solid-liquid separator separation, natural pond liquid is stored in the liquid pool of natural pond after entering aerating apparatus and contact with air improvement, and the natural pond liquid valve of the natural pond liquid in the liquid pool of natural pond on flowing out pipeline enters in the irrigation system pipeline on proportion of crop planting ground.
As preferably, described aerating apparatus is the shower system of big area filter screen, the natural pond large-area filter screen shower of liquid process is in the liquid pool of natural pond, filter out the solids of possibility blocking pipe in the liquid of natural pond, and increase contact surface and increase duration of contact with airborne oxygen, with the quick natural pond liquid reductibility harmful to farm crop of improving.Aerating apparatus can also be pouring-in or other the natural pond liquid filter type of air pressure, is the temperature that keeps natural pond liquid, and the air that pressure injects is preferably warm air.
As preferably, described proportion of crop planting is covered with mulch film on the ground, and the pipeline of irrigation system passes through from the mulch film below, by mulch film stop can reducing smoke gas velocity, play slow release effect, avoid CO in the air 2Concentration sharply changes, and so that flue gas fully contacts with ground, is used for improving the farm crop surface temperature.
As preferably, the water valve in described natural pond liquid valve and smoke valve and the pipe irrigation system is electrically-controlled valve, is provided with temperature sensor, humidity sensor and CO in the upper soll layer on proportion of crop planting ground 2Concentration sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and CO 2The electric signal transmission of concentration sensor is used for the water valve of control natural pond liquid valve, smoke valve and pipe irrigation system after to Controlling System.
The utilization system that a kind of biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting, its using method is: need to execute CO farm crop 2When gas is fertile, close water valve and natural pond liquid valve, open smoke valve, the biogas that biogas engineering produces enters the gas electricity generator combustion power generation through desulfurization, the flue gas that burning produces is cooled to below 50 ℃, pipeline by irrigation system enters crop root part, and then rising through convection current diffuses to the leaf section of farm crop, forms one and be relatively higher than air CO around it 2The high CO of concentration 0.03% 2The concentration district, absorbed by farm crop as gas fertilizer, can improve crop yield, also can help to regulate the temperature of farm crop periphery, the Best Times of using of gas fertilizer is after the sunrise, this moment, crop photosynthesis was in vogue, can fully improve the utilising efficiency of gas fertilizer, the flue-gas temperature that enters planting site can be regulated according to status temperature, when needing temperature raising as temperature is low, with the comparatively high temps that farm crop are had no side effect, such as below 50 ℃, flue gas is entered planting site, in situation about need not the planting site temperature raising, flue gas enters the temperature of planting site should be below 30 ℃, in situation about need lower the temperature in summer, can also as the cooling means, flue gas be cooled to lower temperature, such as below 20 ℃, enter again in the planting site; When farm crop need to be incubated, close water valve and smoke valve, open natural pond liquid valve, 30-40 ℃ fermented liquid is isolated natural pond liquid through solid-liquid separator in the anaerobic fermentation tank, natural pond liquid is stored in the liquid pool of natural pond after the improvement of aerating apparatus and contact with air temporarily, is adjusted to behind the desired concn before cooling pipeline irrigation by irrigation system to crop root part; Only need to execute the natural pond liquid fertilizer and when need not to be incubated, close water valve and smoke valve farm crop, open natural pond liquid valve, the natural pond liquid that aeration is crossed be modulated to desired concn in cooling afterwards the pipeline irrigation by irrigation system to crop root part; When farm crop need to be watered, close natural pond liquid valve and smoke valve, open water valve, by the pipeline of irrigation system water is irrigated into crop root part.
The hot water that cogeneration system is produced in the utility model can be used for anaerobic fermented liquid is incubated, when need during to the crop temperature raising, also can be in the certain water temperature scope, such as below 35 ℃, be used for irrigate crops and improve surface temperature and temperature, perhaps be used for dilution natural pond liquid, improve surface temperature and temperature by natural pond liquid irrigate crops.
In the utility model flue gas and natural pond liquid are delivered on the pipeline on proportion of crop planting ground, at need during to the crop temperature raising, for preventing that these pipelines, can be to its covering insulation material to flue gas and natural pond liquid undercooling.
Proportion of crop planting ground can adopt at the planting site periphery and be surrounded by the resistance to air loss object when high temperature season in the utility model, and the mode that top is covered by reticulations such as fly net, sunshade nets is to improve whole planting effect.Carbonic acid gas is heavier than air, and its direction that can escape only has the top, and slowly escape also can fully be caught for photosynthesis by the blade of farm crop.
Proportion of crop planting ground can adopt at planting site and cover the resistance to air loss object when low temperature season in the utility model, covers the better lagging material of other heat-insulating properties again.
The natural pond slag fertilizer that biogas engineering produces in the utility model can be all be made base fertilizer for planting site and use, and the natural pond liquid fertilizer according to the fertilizer requirement of crop, also can add all kinds of other dissolved fertilizers, to improve its fertilizer efficiency doing when topdressing in the manuring irrigation process.
Best proportion of crop planting ground area needs to determine 1m according to the biogas amount, the amount of organic fertilizer that produce of biogas engineering in the utility model 3Biogas combustion after produce 1m 3Carbonic acid gas, and to keep the best gas concentration lwevel of the required 0.1-0.15% of farm crop, 0.07 hectare needs 1-1.5m every day at least 3Carbonic acid gas, general cultivated area mu number should be less than 70% of daily output tolerance cubic number.0.07 hectare is in the situation of organic non-polluted planting, plant the fertilizer that needs in a season more than 2.5 tons year, under the condition without other additional fertilizers, general cultivated area mu number should be less than producing 40% of natural pond slag tonnage per year, as planting for two seasons every year, but cultivated area should reduce by half.Therefore best cultivated area should be less than above-mentioned smaller among both.
After adopting technique scheme, so that the utility model has following advantage:
1, the product biogas in the biogas engineering is converted into electric energy and heat energy and carbonic acid gas, and all be fully utilized, wherein the electrical network sale can be used by oneself or access to electric energy, a heat energy part is used for the insulation of anaerobic fermentation tank to improve fermentation efficiency, another part can be used for keeping and improving ground temperature and the temperature of planting site, produce to ensure, prevent from damaging to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature, improve output; Carbonic acid gas is fertile as gas, is used for safely, efficiently, easily plantation, to improve crop yield; Product natural pond slag in the biogas engineering and natural pond liquid are used for plantation as fertilizer, can save planting cost, improve the plantation quality.
2, because crop acreage and biogas engineering product output are produced after to be quantity supporting separately, so for biogas engineering, realized the maximum value of its product, and for plantation, also realized its maximum plantation efficient.
3, biogas engineering realizes fully that by improving the proportion of crop planting benefit it is worth, and has stablized the operation income of biogas engineering, and the continual and steady operation of biogas engineering is protected, and the function of the useless filth disposal of biogas engineering is not fully exerted and ensures.
4, because the advantage of warmhouse booth is mainly reflected in the aspects such as insulation, water conservation, fertilizer conservation, guarantor's carbon dioxide gas, planting patterns in the native system can embody above-mentioned effect, compare effect with traditional warmhouse booth impartial even better, especially especially good aspect photosynthesis promotion, and device simple, less investment, use cost is cheap, less manpower, output is high, and therefore final net income is high.
5, this system by fertilising, Shi Shui, execute the fertile irrigation system that shares of gas, both improved the service efficiency of irrigation system, also saved the application equipment that gas is fertile, the natural pond is fertile investment.
6, because the place of production is identical with area of consumption, and the biogas that produces, natural pond liquid, natural pond slag can be consumed on the spot, reduce transportation cost, solved liquid unmanageable problem in natural pond in the biogas engineering, also fully utilized safely simultaneously fertility and heat in the liquid of natural pond.
7, owing to fertilising, Shi Shui, execute that the gas hypertrophy is many to be carried by pipeline, remove the cost of labor of using from, also at utmost obtained income.
8, proportion of crop planting produces a large amount of crop materials, as by 1 ton of calculating of every per mu yield, can account for 50% of biogas engineering raw material total amount, in the situation of the scrap feed material deficiency of biogas engineering, can supply raw materials for it, to ensure its normal operation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment: referring to Fig. 1, the utility model comprises the anaerobic fermentation tank 1 of producing biogas and the some proportion of crop plantings ground 23 that is provided with irrigation system 21, wherein anaerobic fermentation tank 1 fermented liquid 2 at the middle and upper levels enters solid-liquid separator 3, producing solid product through solid-liquid separator 3 separation is natural pond slag fertilizer 4, product liquid is natural pond liquid 5, natural pond liquid 5 enters and is stored in the natural pond liquid pool 7 after aerating apparatus 6 is improved with contact with air, and the natural pond liquid electrically-controlled valve 8 of the natural pond liquid in the natural pond liquid pool 7 on flowing out pipeline enters in the pipeline of proportion of crop planting ground irrigation system 21; The biogas 9 of top layer is collected and is stored in the tank for sewage gas 10 in the described anaerobic fermentation tank 1, biogas 9 is through desulfurizer 11 desulphurization treatment and supplied gas electricity generators 12, the recirculated cooling water 13 of gas electricity generator 12 and high-temperature flue gas 15 respectively with cogeneration system 14 heat exchange, middle high-temperature flue gas 17 after high-temperature-hot-water that cogeneration system 14 is produced 16 and the first heat exchange respectively with anaerobic fermentation tank 1 in the reaction solution heat exchange, reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank 1 is incubated, to keep the optimum temps of reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank 1, the middle temperature flue gas 18 behind the secondary heat exchange is being controlled in the pipeline that enters proportion of crop planting ground irrigation system 21 by the smoke valve 20 on the flue after refrigerating unit 19 coolings.
Preferably, aerating apparatus 6 is the shower system of big area filter screen, the natural pond large-area filter screen shower of liquid process is in the liquid pool of natural pond, filter out the solids of possibility blocking pipe in the liquid of natural pond, and increase contact surface and increase duration of contact with airborne oxygen, with the quick natural pond liquid reductibility harmful to farm crop of improving.Aerating apparatus can also be pouring-in or other the natural pond liquid filter type of air pressure, is the temperature that keeps natural pond liquid, and the air that pressure injects is preferably warm air.Described proportion of crop planting is covered with mulch film on the ground, and irrigation conduit passes through from mulch film below, by mulch film stop can reducing smoke gas velocity, play slow release effect, avoid CO in the air 2Concentration sharply changes, and so that flue gas fully contacts with ground, is used for improving the farm crop surface temperature.Be provided with temperature sensor 24, humidity sensor 25 and CO in the upper soll layer on proportion of crop planting ground 23 2Concentration sensor 26, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and CO 2The electric signal transmission of concentration sensor is used for the water valve 22 of control natural pond liquid valve 8, smoke valve 20 and irrigation system after to Controlling System.
The utilization system that the utility model biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting, its using method is: need to execute CO farm crop 2When gas is fertile, close water valve and natural pond liquid valve, open the flue gas electrically-controlled valve, the biogas that biogas engineering produces enters the gas electricity generator combustion power generation through desulfurization, the flue gas that burning produces is cooled to below 50 ℃, pipeline by irrigation system enters crop root part, and then rising through convection current diffuses to the leaf section of farm crop, forms one and be relatively higher than air CO around it 2The high CO of concentration 0.03% 2The concentration district, absorbed by farm crop as gas fertilizer, can improve crop yield, also can help to regulate the temperature of farm crop periphery, the Best Times of using of gas fertilizer is after the sunrise, this moment, crop photosynthesis was in vogue, can fully improve the utilising efficiency of gas fertilizer, the flue-gas temperature that enters planting site can be regulated according to status temperature, when needing temperature raising as temperature is low, with the comparatively high temps that farm crop are had no side effect, such as below 50 ℃, flue gas is entered planting site, in situation about need not the planting site temperature raising, flue gas enters the temperature of planting site should be below 30 ℃, in situation about need lower the temperature in summer, can also as the cooling means, flue gas be cooled to lower temperature, such as below 20 ℃, enter again in the planting site; When farm crop need to be incubated, close water valve and smoke valve, open natural pond liquid valve, 30-40 ℃ fermented liquid is isolated natural pond liquid through solid-liquid separator in the anaerobic fermentation tank, natural pond liquid is stored in the liquid pool of natural pond after the improvement of aerating apparatus and contact with air temporarily, is adjusted to behind the desired concn before cooling pipeline irrigation by irrigation system to crop root part; Only need to execute the natural pond liquid fertilizer and when need not to be incubated, close water valve and smoke valve farm crop, open natural pond liquid valve, the natural pond liquid that aeration is crossed be modulated to desired concn in cooling afterwards the pipeline irrigation by irrigation system to crop root part; When farm crop need to be watered, close natural pond liquid valve and smoke valve, open water valve, by the pipeline of irrigation system water is irrigated into crop root part.
The hot water that cogeneration system is produced in the utility model can be used for anaerobic fermented liquid is incubated, when need during to the crop temperature raising, also can be in the certain water temperature scope, such as below 35 ℃, be used for irrigate crops and improve surface temperature, perhaps be used for dilution natural pond liquid, improve surface temperature by natural pond liquid irrigate crops.
In the utility model flue gas and natural pond liquid are delivered on the pipeline on proportion of crop planting ground, at need during to the crop temperature raising, for preventing that these pipelines, can be to its covering insulation material to flue gas and natural pond liquid undercooling.
Proportion of crop planting ground can adopt at the planting site periphery and be surrounded by the resistance to air loss object when high temperature season in the utility model, and the mode that top is covered by reticulations such as fly net, sunshade nets is to improve whole planting effect.Carbonic acid gas is heavier than air, and its direction that can escape only has the top, and slowly escape also can fully be caught for photosynthesis by the blade of farm crop.
Proportion of crop planting ground can adopt at planting site and cover the resistance to air loss object when low temperature season in the utility model, covers the better lagging material of other heat-insulating properties again.
The natural pond slag fertilizer that biogas engineering produces in the utility model can be all be made base fertilizer for planting site and use, and the natural pond liquid fertilizer according to the fertilizer requirement of crop, also can add all kinds of other dissolved fertilizers, to improve its fertilizer efficiency doing when topdressing in the manuring irrigation process.
Exemplify: set the big-and-middle-sized biogas engineering of a standard, supporting as the culture farm sewage processing of 8000 pigs, every day, blowdown flow rate was 90 tons, anaerobic fermentation tank fermentation capacity 1800M 3, daily output biogas 1000 M 3, produce 1500 tons of natural pond slags per year, 11000 tons of natural pond liquid, organic loading are 8%-10%, and it is 20 days that water conservancy stops HRT, and need discharge 90 M every day 3Natural pond liquid.
The best supporting cultivated area of at first calculating this biogas engineering is: from daily output biogas amount, by every mu of ground consumption every day 1.5 M 3Calculate, should be less than 700 mu; From natural pond slag fertilizer, under the condition without external additional fertilizer, need to apply in year 2.5 tons fertilizer base fertilizer calculating by every mu of ground, should be less than 600 mu, both get its little person, best supporting cultivated area is made as 600 mu, unnecessary flue gas can empty row or is used for the plantations of other crops, replenishing in addition in the situation of fertilizer, but cultivated area can be more greatly, and as planting for two seasons every year, but cultivated area should reduce by half, owing in every mu, apply the result that natural pond liquid topdresses and can obtain increasing production under 7 tons the condition, so this supporting cultivated area can digest about 40% natural pond liquid, redundance can be used for regulating fermentation raw material concentration, or is used for the plantation of other field crops, or be used for the fish pond feed, or be used as other comprehensive utilizations such as seed soak solution.
When insulation is planted in the winter time, planting site is 1 meter by height, wide 2 meters simple and easy bamboo frame plastics hut covers, and the careless felt of supporting respective area is incubated covering, the pipeline of supporting irrigation system passes in each hut, by membrane covering, set the distance of water dropper on the irrigation conduit according to the farm crop spacing in the rows.
Closing on summer high temperature when plantation, planting site is according to suitable area, is that the plastics film of 1-2 rice surrounds by height, and top covers the ventilative fly net of light-permeable, strong at sunshine in further covered with sunshade net.
Because the mu volume of above-mentioned plastics hut is 320 M 3So, as need reach 0.1% CO 2Concentration, the static demand amount is about 200 M 3, but because CO 2Constantly be in consumption state, because the condition difference photosynthesis speed such as sunshine are also different, institute thinks and keeps optimum concn that every day, total air demand should be its 3-4 doubly, also namely needed biogas 600-800 M 3, the biogas that produces is enough supplied with.
This biogas engineering daily gas 1000 M 3, the gas electricity generator of supporting 200kw, every M 3Can generate electricity 1.6-1.8 degree electricity of biogas, so electric weight of the 1600-1800kwh that can generate electricity this biogas engineering day, except personal, the unnecessary sale that is connected to the grid, every day, sustainable generating was 8-9 hour, as every day since 8 words of generating electricity, can be simultaneously planting site and provided gas fertile 8-9 hour, this moment, photosynthesis was tending towards stopping near sunset time, and air feed can finish.In the generating air feed, can also produce electric weight 1.3-1.4 heat doubly, be the heat of 140-1,600,000 kcal also, be equivalent to 6000kcal mark coal 240-260 kg/day, enough be used for the Heat preservation of anaerobic fermentation tank.Waste heat can be stored in the hot water, uses when diluting the natural pond liquid fertilizer when being used for insulation.
When using the natural pond liquid fertilizer that planting site is incubated, natural pond liquid filters by the stainless (steel) wire that is slightly less than natural pond liquid pool open area first, the opening of sieve size depends on the size in water dropper hole in the irrigation system, be as the criterion not stop up, and the different multistorey strainer mesh in aperture can be set, and further prolong aeration time, get the three layer filtration nets such as 10 orders, 80 orders, 200 orders in this example.Is blown into high-pressure air in natural pond liquid pool bottom after filtering, carries out aeration, aeration time is advisable to be no more than 2 hours, wait the innoxious improvement of abundant aeration after, be delivered to immediately planting site.The case of external envrionment temperature is 2 ℃, needs temperature in the hut is improved 10 ℃, and the air ratio thermal capacitance is 1.4kJ/ M 3, every mu of 320 M 3, totally 600 mu, need altogether 500,000 kcal.Fermentation reaction liquid optimal reaction temperature is made as 37 ℃, 37 ℃ natural pond liquid is irrigated to planting site, the temperature difference is 27 ℃ when then being down to 10 ℃ of envrionment temperatures, be 1kcal/kg/ ℃ of calculating by water specific heat, per kilogram natural pond liquid can be planting site release of heat 27kcal in the irrigation process, the hot water that adds in addition about equal temperature isodose dilutes, so need altogether about 18M 3Natural pond liquid.Institute's heat requirement 500,000 kcal are lower than generating waste-heat 160-180 ten thousand kcal every day in addition, so can improve the insulation standard, as are increased to 15 ℃, can better must allow plant growth.Natural pond liquid fertilizer course of conveying can be controlled by the electrical signal of temperature sensor, electrical signal can be by wireless protocols conveying control systems such as zigbee, Controlling System sends instructions to natural pond liquid electrically-controlled valve, when the planting site temperature is lower than 10 ℃, open natural pond liquid electrically-controlled valve and carry the natural pond liquid fertilizer, close natural pond liquid electrically-controlled valve when being higher than 15 ℃, can avoid like this natural pond liquid fertilizer to use excessively, cause the waste of heat and the fertilizer damage that excessive fertilising causes.
Under above-mentioned planting conditions, can satisfy the growth of the happiness hotwork things such as tomato in winter, meet or exceed the planting effect in traditional greenhouse, and amount of investment reduces significantly.The biogas residue organic fertilizer that produces all is utilized, and is the cost of every mu of ground saving 2.5-5 ton fertilizer, and by applying the CO of capacity 2Gas is fertile, can make output increase 30-50%, and generally by Cost reduction, additional income significantly improves the earning rate of plantation.
At last, should be pointed out that above embodiment only is the more representational example of the utility model.Obviously, the technical solution of the utility model is not limited to above-described embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model all should be thought protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. utilization system that the biogas engineering product combines with agricultural planting, comprise the anaerobic fermentation tank of producing biogas and the some proportion of crop plantings ground that is provided with pipe irrigation system, the biogas that it is characterized in that top layer in the described anaerobic fermentation tank is collected and is stored in the tank for sewage gas, biogas is through desulfurizer desulphurization treatment and supplied gas electricity generator, the recirculated cooling water of gas electricity generator and high-temperature flue gas respectively with the cogeneration system heat exchange, middle high-temperature flue gas after the high-temperature-hot-water that cogeneration system is produced and the first heat exchange respectively with anaerobic fermentation tank in the reaction solution heat exchange, reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank is incubated, to keep the optimum temps of reaction solution in the anaerobic fermentation tank, the middle temperature flue gas behind the secondary heat exchange is being controlled in the irrigation system pipeline that enters proportion of crop planting ground by the smoke valve on the flue after the refrigerating unit cooling.
2. the utilization system that combines with agricultural planting of described biogas engineering product according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described anaerobic fermentation tank fermented liquid at the middle and upper levels enters solid-liquid separator, produce the fertile and product liquid natural pond liquid of solid product natural pond slag through the solid-liquid separator separation, natural pond liquid is stored in the liquid pool of natural pond after entering aerating apparatus and contact with air improvement, and the natural pond liquid valve of the natural pond liquid in the liquid pool of natural pond on flowing out pipeline enters in the irrigation system pipeline on proportion of crop planting ground.
3. the utilization system that combines with agricultural planting of described biogas engineering product according to claim 2 is characterized in that described aerating apparatus is the shower system of big area filter screen.
4. the utilization system that combines with agricultural planting of described biogas engineering product according to claim 1 is characterized in that described proportion of crop planting is covered with mulch film on the ground, and the irrigation system pipeline passes through from the mulch film below.
5. the utilization system that combines with agricultural planting of described biogas engineering product according to claim 2, it is characterized in that the water valve in described natural pond liquid valve and smoke valve and the pipe irrigation system is electrically-controlled valve, be provided with temperature sensor, humidity sensor and CO in the upper soll layer on proportion of crop planting ground 2Concentration sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and CO 2The electric signal transmission of concentration sensor is used for the water valve of control natural pond liquid valve, smoke valve and pipe irrigation system after to Controlling System.
CN2013201759566U 2013-04-10 2013-04-10 Comprehensive utilization system for combining biogas engineering products and agricultural planting Expired - Fee Related CN203256265U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103194377A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103667032A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Energy circulation device of agroecological system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103194377A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103194377B (en) * 2013-04-10 2014-09-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103667032A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Energy circulation device of agroecological system

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