CN203249319U - Low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system - Google Patents

Low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203249319U
CN203249319U CN 201320222782 CN201320222782U CN203249319U CN 203249319 U CN203249319 U CN 203249319U CN 201320222782 CN201320222782 CN 201320222782 CN 201320222782 U CN201320222782 U CN 201320222782U CN 203249319 U CN203249319 U CN 203249319U
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thermal storage
appendix
storage heating
heating system
solar energy
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CN 201320222782
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徐路统
徐乔竹
魏茂杰
史珂
冯超
刘淑文
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徐路统
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a heating system, in particular to a low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system which is simple in structure, convenient to use, capable of effectively saving energy and good in heating effect. According to the technical scheme, the low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system comprises a solar thermal collector, a wall body heat accumulation and heating system and a ground heat accumulation and heating system. The two ends of the solar thermal collector are communicated with the wall body heat accumulation and heating system and the ground heat accumulation and heating system through a first gas conveying pipe and a second gas conveying pipe, and a circulating fan is installed on the first gas conveying pipe. The low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system is mainly used for heating of buildings.

Description

A kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heating system, is specifically related to a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system.
Background technology
Solar energy is inexhaustible clean energy resource.Sun scattering of light has caused solar energy to be converted to directly that the efficient of high heat energy is low, expense is high.The application of solar energy aspect low heat value is now universal, such as various solar water heaters.But present life-span of solar thermal collector, weight, the problem such as antifreeze are more outstanding, can't accomplish really that solar thermal collector and construction wall merge mutually, realize solar building integrated target.Past, the concern that the solar thermal collector standard is too much the collecting efficiency of unit are, and cost, life-span are paid close attention to not, so just caused the investment Energy Efficiency Ratio low, solar energy is popularized is subject to certain restriction.
The utility model content
The utility model overcomes the deficiency that prior art exists, and technical problem to be solved has provided a kind of simple in structure, easy to use, effective energy savings, the solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system that heating effect is good.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system, comprise: solar thermal collector, body of wall thermal storage heating system and ground thermal storage heating system, the two ends of described solar thermal collector are connected with body of wall thermal storage heating system, ground thermal storage heating system by the first appendix, the second appendix, on described the first appendix circulating fan are installed.
Described solar thermal collector mainly is made of double glazing, absorber plate and heat-insulation layer, described double glazing, absorber plate are embedded in the surface of heat-insulation layer successively, seal cavity between described double glazing and the absorber plate forms the hot-air convection chamber, and the two ends in described hot-air convection chamber are connected with the first appendix and the second appendix respectively.
Described body of wall thermal storage heating system and ground thermal storage heating system all are by being embedded in body of wall and the ground intralamellar part anyhow intersects and the heat exchanger tube that communicates consists of.
Described absorber plate is the absorber plate of being made by black enamel.
Described the first appendix, the second appendix and heat exchanger tube or be the corrosion resistant metal pipe, or be enamel pipe.
Going back in parallel the connection on described the first appendix has corrosion-resistance heat exchanger, and described corrosion-resistance heat exchanger places in the methane-generating pit.
Also be provided with gas heater on described the first appendix.
Go back in parallel the connection on described the second appendix and be useful on the insulation heat-exchanging water tank that hot water is used in daily life.
The utility model compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
1, single between heat-storing method, cost is low, performance good.The utility model collection solar energy heat absorbing system, floor, body of wall thermal storage heating system are in one.In the place that methane-generating pit is arranged, can with storage of solar energy in methane-generating pit, realize the heat accumulation conversion of the energy.
2, the solar thermal collector formation is compared with existing building three layers of Insulation of building body in the utility model, has increased substantially the building heat preserving performance.Ground floor is double glazing, can prevent the heat loss of absorber plate, consists of simultaneously the ground floor insulation to building; The second layer is the cross-ventilation layer between double glazing and the absorber plate, can carry out the heat circulation, and when not having sunlight, non-moving air is motionless, and convection current is slow, consists of the second layer heat-insulation layer to building; The 3rd layer is the heat-insulation layer behind the absorber plate, and it mainly is made of flame-proof thermal insulation materials such as mineral wool or expanded perlites, and heat-insulation layer can be incubated solar thermal collector, again building is incubated, and consists of the 3rd layer of insulation to building.
3, utilize solar energy heat absorbing, under the comprehensive function that heat accumulation and insulation two large functions are arranged, make the solar energy heat supply in winter become possibility.To thoroughly change like this traditional approach of large pipeline, remote, high heating value central heating, take solar energy as main, electricity or combustion gas are the auxiliary heating system by single household in formation, and user oneself controls each indoor temperature by demand, effectively energy savings improves comprehensive utilization rate of energy source.
4, absorber plate adopts black enamel to make in the utility model, has the characteristics such as wear-resisting, corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant, good heat conductivity, intensity are high, antitheft, long service life.On body of wall and roof that the solar ray energy of building shines solar thermal collector is installed, is realized the cubic absorption of solar energy, the low-heat operation solves the needed low-heat energy in the daily life, thereby saves high heat energy, improves the energy investment overall efficiency.
5, in the utility model with air as heat-conducting medium, reduce the body of wall load capacity, and can prevent bursting by freezing, corrosion.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is A place partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 1.
Among the figure: 1 is solar thermal collector, and 2 is methane-generating pit, and 3 is body of wall thermal storage heating system, 4 is ground thermal storage heating system, and 5 is the first appendix, and 6 is the second appendix, 7 is circulating fan, and 8 is corrosion-resistance heat exchanger, and 9 is double glazing, 10 is absorber plate, 11 is heat-insulation layer, and 12 is the hot-air convection chamber, and 13 is heat exchanger tube, 14 is gas heater, and 15 are the insulation heat-exchanging water tank.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system, comprise: solar thermal collector 1, body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 and ground thermal storage heating system 4, the two ends of described solar thermal collector 1 are connected with body of wall thermal storage heating system 3, ground thermal storage heating system 4 by the first appendix 5, the second appendix 6, on described the first appendix 5 circulating fan 7 are installed.
Described solar thermal collector 1 mainly is made of double glazing 9, absorber plate 10 and heat-insulation layer 11, described double glazing 9, absorber plate 10 are embedded in the surface of heat-insulation layer 11 successively, seal cavity between described double glazing 9 and the absorber plate 10 forms hot-air convection chamber 12, and the two ends in described hot-air convection chamber 12 are connected with the first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6 respectively.
Described body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 and ground thermal storage heating system 4 all are by being embedded in body of wall and the ground intralamellar part anyhow intersects and the heat exchanger tube 13 that communicates consists of.
Described absorber plate 10 is absorber plates of being made by black enamel.
Described the first appendix 5, the second appendix 6 and heat exchanger tube 13 or be the corrosion resistant metal pipe, or be enamel pipe.
Going back in parallel the connection on described the first appendix 5 has corrosion-resistance heat exchanger 8, and described corrosion-resistance heat exchanger 8 places in the methane-generating pit 2.
Also be provided with gas heater 14 on described the first appendix 5.
Go back in parallel the connection on described the second appendix 6 and be useful on the insulation heat-exchanging water tank 15 that hot water is used in daily life.
Solar thermal collector 1 is installed on the body of wall and roof that the sunlight of building can shine in the utility model, solar thermal collector 1 is by double glazing 9, absorber plate 10 and heat-insulation layer 11 consist of, double glazing 9 and absorber plate 10 are embedded in the heat-insulation layer 11, heat-insulation layer 11 mainly is comprised of flame-proof thermal insulation materials such as mineral wool or expanded perlites, closed cavity between double glazing 9 and the absorber plate 10 consists of hot-air convection chamber 12 simultaneously, the two ends in hot-air convection chamber 12 have air inlet/outlet, air inlet/outlet is connected with the first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6 respectively, the first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6 also are connected with body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 and ground thermal storage heating system 4, solar thermal collector 1 is by the irradiation of sunlight, absorber plate 10 heat absorption also adds air in the hot-air convection chamber 12, by circulating fan 7, hot-air is circulated in body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 and ground thermal storage heating system 4, carry out thermal storage heating, wherein body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 is mainly the interior wall of building the inside, body of wall thermal storage heating system 3 and ground thermal storage heating system 4 are made of the heat exchanger tube 13 that communicates that anyhow intersects that is embedded in body of wall and ground intralamellar part, and heat exchanger tube 13 is the corrosion resistant metal pipe, or be enamel pipe, anti-aging, long service life.
The first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6 also are communicated with corrosion-resistance heat exchanger 8 respectively, corrosion-resistance heat exchanger 8 is installed in the methane-generating pit 2, with the heat energy input methane-generating pit that daytime, sunlight absorbed, improve the pond liquid temp, be conducive to voluminous biogas, use the biogas heat supply when do not have sunlight night, realized the heat accumulation conversion of solar energy.
The first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6 also are connected with gas heater 14, when chillout or continuous extreme weather can't absorb solar heat, utilize gas heater 14 heated air, be people's use that heats, gas heater 14 can use the electrical heating gas heater, also can use the natural gas gas heater.
Insulation heat-exchanging water tank 15 also can be installed on the second appendix 6, utilize heat-exchanging water tank to absorb air heat in the supply air line and come water in the heating water tank, confess kitchen, have a bath, wash the dishes, wash the hot water for life such as dish.
When the utility model specifically used, whole heating system adopted air to make heat-conducting medium.Solar thermal collector 1 heat absorption, with the air heat in the solar thermal collector 1, by circulating fan 7, hot-air is circulated, because air has the fast characteristics of the fast heat release of heat absorption in whole heating system, air is constantly being inhaled in the exothermic process, give the heating of indoor floor and body of wall, when floor and body of wall temperature raise, realized heat accumulation, heated and carry out synchronously, and reach an equilibrium temperature with indoor temperature, and this equilibrium temperature raises gradually with the solar energy calorific value.Winter, air is inhaled the equilibrium temperature that heat release reaches generally can reach 25-30 ℃ in sunshine normal situation.Experimental results show that: the building heat preservation coefficient reach 55% indoor, use floor heating, after closing thermal source, per hour room temperature can reduce by 1 degree.Use simultaneously if floor heating, wall are warm, when thermal store increased, heat insulating coefficient was brought up to more than 75%, close thermal source after, per hour room temperature can reduce about 0.4 degree.Calculate thus: suppose that the sunshine-duration in winter is 10 hours, if 25 degree will be indoorly brought up in the operation of solar energy low-heat, in not having 14 hours of sunlight, per hour falls 0.4 and spend, the 14*0.4=5.6 degree, the next morning temperature still can reach 18 spend about.Above reckoning is desirable the reckoning, and in northerly winter, in fact the restriction of climate factor is very large, when not having sunlight or sunlight not enough, then more needs heating, so, but lay the floor heating of solar energy low heat value, dual-purpose combustion gas when wall is warm, electricity heating.Although use combustion gas or electrical heating heating, keep equally 25--30 ℃ of low heat value mode to move, so same thermal losses is little, the thermal efficiency is high.
Make heat-conducting medium with air, do not have the problems such as leakage, frozen pipe, long service life.When causing deformation of wall owing to reasons such as structure foundation sinkings, even heat exchanger tube 13 breaks in the body of wall heating system 3, occur leaking, also do not affect the use of heating system.Simultaneously heat exchanger tube 13 adopts corrosion-resistant, aging-resistant metal tube or enamel pipe, can guarantee once mounting, need not the maintenance and repair in later stage.Adopt air to make heat-conducting medium, running into extreme weather, when not having sunlight or sunlight not enough, close the control valve of the first appendix 5 and the second appendix 6, no longer convection current of air in the whole like this thermal-arrest gas, form the one layer of heat preservation layer, because air specific heat is very little, can effectively prevent the loss of too much heat energy.
The above has done detailed description to example of the present utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned example, in the ken that those of ordinary skills possess, can also under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model aim, make various changes.

Claims (8)

1. solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system, comprise: solar thermal collector (1), body of wall thermal storage heating system (3) and ground thermal storage heating system (4), it is characterized in that: the two ends of described solar thermal collector (1) are connected with body of wall thermal storage heating system (3), ground thermal storage heating system (4) by the first appendix (5), the second appendix (6), and circulating fan (7) is installed on described the first appendix (5).
2. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described solar thermal collector (1) mainly is made of double glazing (9), absorber plate (10) and heat-insulation layer (11), described double glazing (9), absorber plate (10) are embedded in the surface of heat-insulation layer (11) successively, seal cavity between described double glazing (9) and the absorber plate (10) forms hot-air convection chamber (12), and the two ends in described hot-air convection chamber (12) are connected with the first appendix (5) and the second appendix (6) respectively.
3. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 1 and 2 system is characterized in that: described body of wall thermal storage heating system (3) and ground thermal storage heating system (4) all are that body of wall and ground intralamellar part intersect anyhow and the heat exchanger tube (13) that communicates consists of by being embedded in.
4. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 2 system, it is characterized in that: described absorber plate (10) is the absorber plate of being made by black enamel.
5. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 3 system is characterized in that: described the first appendix (5), the second appendix (6) and heat exchanger tube (13) or be the corrosion resistant metal pipe, or be enamel pipe.
6. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: upper also in parallel connection of described the first appendix (5) has corrosion-resistance heat exchanger (8), and described corrosion-resistance heat exchanger (8) places in the methane-generating pit (2).
7. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 1 system is characterized in that: also be provided with gas heater (14) on described the first appendix (5).
8. a kind of solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating according to claim 1 system is characterized in that: upper also in parallel connection of described the second appendix (6) is useful on daily life with the insulation heat-exchanging water tank (15) of hot water.
CN 201320222782 2013-04-27 2013-04-27 Low-heating-value solar heat accumulation and heating system Expired - Fee Related CN203249319U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103234235A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 徐路统 Solar low-calorific-value heat-accumulation heating system
CN107401842A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 韩玉虎 The air-conditioner combined device of photovoltaic generation and radiator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103234235A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 徐路统 Solar low-calorific-value heat-accumulation heating system
CN103234235B (en) * 2013-04-27 2016-01-20 徐路统 Solar energy low heat value thermal storage heating system
CN107401842A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 韩玉虎 The air-conditioner combined device of photovoltaic generation and radiator

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131023

Termination date: 20160427