CN203247729U - Viscous damper with static rigidity - Google Patents

Viscous damper with static rigidity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203247729U
CN203247729U CN 201320072571 CN201320072571U CN203247729U CN 203247729 U CN203247729 U CN 203247729U CN 201320072571 CN201320072571 CN 201320072571 CN 201320072571 U CN201320072571 U CN 201320072571U CN 203247729 U CN203247729 U CN 203247729U
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cylinder
end
sealing means
piston
protective
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CN 201320072571
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Chinese (zh)
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陈明中
周海涛
黄坤耀
李静
刘瑞娟
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上海赛弗工程减震技术有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a viscous damper with static rigidity. The viscous damper with the static rigidity comprises a main cylinder and an auxiliary cylinder. A left sealing device and a right sealing device are arranged at the two ends of the main cylinder respectively, the auxiliary cylinder is closely adjacent to the right sealing device, the end portion of a protective cylinder and the end portion of the auxiliary cylinder are respectively connected with a main hinge support and an auxiliary hinge support, one end of the main cylinder is sleeved with the protective cylinder, the protective cylinder is closely adjacent to the left sealing device, a piston moving in the axial direction is arranged in the main cylinder, a piston rod penetrates through the center of the piston, damping media are filled in the main cylinder, the axis portion of the left sealing device, the axis portion of the right sealing device and the axis portion of an end cover of the protective cylinder are respectively provided with a center hole, one end of the piston rod is connected with the main hinge support through the center holes of the sealing devices and the center hole of the end cover of the protective cylinder, and the other end of the piston rod extends into a cavity of the auxiliary cylinder through the center hole of right sealing device. Leakage resistance of the damper is effectively increased, and the service life of the damper is prolonged.

Description

一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器 A tape viscous damper Stiffness

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及建筑工程结构减振技术领域,具体地说,是涉及一种带静刚度的建筑消能粘滞阻尼器。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of architectural structural vibration technology, particularly, it relates to a building with energy dissipating static stiffness of the viscous damper.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 结构控制中的耗能减振基于地震的能量耗散理念,地震发生时,地面运动引起结构的振动反应,结构吸收了大量的地震能量,能量耗散必须通过结构的承重构件或非承重构件在地震中的塑性变形和材料损伤过程来消耗,这一损坏过程就是能量的消耗过程。 [0002] Control of energy dissipation structure seismic energy dissipation based on the concept, earthquake, ground motion causes vibration response of the structure, the structure to absorb a lot of seismic energy, the energy dissipation structure must be non-load bearing member and plastically deformed material bearing member during the earthquake damage to consumption, the damage process is the process of energy consumed. 结构耗能技术就是在结构的某些部位设置阻尼装置进行耗能,以减小主结构的地震反应。 Structure energy technology is provided in some parts of the configuration of a damper device for energy consumption to reduce the seismic response of the primary structure. 消能减震结构不但能有效抵御地震作用,还能抵御风振作用。 Energy dissipation structure not only can withstand earthquakes, but also to resist wind-induced vibration effect. 与半主动控制和主动控制系统相比,消能减震机构不需要外部输入能源。 Compared with the semi-active control, and active control systems, energy dissipation mechanism requires no external energy input. 另外消能构件是非结构构件,所以具有很好的安全性。 Further energy dissipation member non-structural member, it has a good security. 而且由于其出色的耗能能力,可以减少配筋,具有很好的经济性。 And because of its excellent energy dissipation capacity, can reduce reinforcement, with good economy. 由于消能减振系统具有这些优越性,已被广泛应用于建筑、大跨桥梁等。 Since the energy dissipation system with these advantages, has been widely used in construction, long-span bridges.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型专利的目的在于为发挥消能减震机构的耗能能力、安全性以及经济性,提出了一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,用于建筑结构的消能减震。 [0003] The object of the present invention patent is to exert energy dissipation mechanism of energy dissipation, safety and economy proposed viscous damper A tape static stiffness, energy dissipation for the building structure .

[0004] 本实用新型是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0004] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0005] 一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,包括一主缸、副缸,所述主缸两端分别设有一密封装置,称作左密封装置和右密封装置,所述副缸紧邻右密封装置,所述保护缸和副缸的端部分别连接有主铰座、副铰座,所述主缸的一端外套有一保护缸,该保护缸紧邻左密封装置,该主缸内设有沿轴向移动的活塞,该活塞的中心位置贯通一活塞杆,所述主缸内填充有阻尼介质,所述左密封装置、右密封装置和保护缸的端盖的轴心位置均设有一中心孔,所述活塞杆的一端通过所述密封装置的中心孔、所述保护缸端盖的中心孔与主铰座相连,所述活塞杆的另一端通过所述右密封装置的中心孔延伸至所述副缸腔内,所述副缸腔内设置一弹簧二,该弹簧二的一端与副缸腔旁的右密封装置连接,该弹簧二的另一端与所述副缸腔内的一端连接,该弹簧二的中间部位与活塞杆连 [0005] A tape Stiffness viscous damper, comprising a master cylinder, a secondary cylinder, the master cylinder ends are provided with a sealing means, the sealing means referred to as left and right sealing means, adjacent to said sub-cylinder Right sealing means, the protective cylinder and the secondary cylinder end portion are connected with a main hinge base, the sub-hinge base, an end of the outer cylinder has a master cylinder is protected, the protective cylinder sealing means proximate the left, along with the main cylinder axial movement of the piston center position of the piston through a piston rod of the master cylinder filled with a damping medium, the axial position of the left end cap sealing means, the sealing means and protecting the right cylinder has a central bore one end of the piston rod through the central bore of the sealing device, the protective cylinder end cap central aperture of the main hinge base and the other end of the piston rod extends through the central bore of the sealing means to the right of the said secondary cylinder chamber, said sub-cylinder chamber a second spring is provided, which spring means connected to the right side of the sealed chamber at one end and two secondary cylinder, the other end of the second spring is connected to one end of the secondary cylinder chamber, the intermediate portion of the spring rod is connected with two 接,所述主缸和保护缸之间设有一弹簧一,该弹簧一的一端与所述保护缸端盖连接,该弹簧一的另一端与主缸一端的左密封装置连接。 Connection, provided between the master cylinder and a protective cylinder a spring, the spring is a cylinder having one end connected to the protective cover, a left sealing means connected to the other end of the master cylinder and the one end of the spring.

[0006] 进一步,所述活塞上对称布置有阻尼孔。 [0006] Further, the damping piston symmetrically arranged holes.

[0007] 进一步,所述活塞与主缸之间采用格莱圈或斯特封密封。 [0007] Further, using Grameen circle or Lancaster closure seal between the piston and the master cylinder.

[0008] 进一步,所述密封装置与主缸、活塞和活塞杆之间采用密封圈进行密封。 [0008] Further, the master cylinder and the sealing means used to seal between the piston ring and the piston rod.

[0009] 进一步,所述左密封装置、右密封装置的内侧、外侧均设有密封圈。 [0009] Further, the sealing means left, right inner sealing means, are provided with outer seals.

[0010] 本实用新型发挥消能减震功能的结构原理:在本实用新型用于建筑结构中,当受到外界作用力时,外力作用会推动活塞在主缸内移动,活塞推压主缸腔体内的阻尼介质,使阻尼介质通过阻尼孔,产生摩擦阻尼,同时设在保护缸与副缸腔内的弹簧受压或受拉,从而消耗振动的能量,使动能转换为热能和弹簧的应变能,最终热能消散到空气中。 [0010] The structural principles of the present invention exert energy dissipation function: In the present invention a building structure when subjected to external force, the external force pushes the main piston moves in the cylinder, the piston of the master cylinder chamber is pressed damping medium in the body, the damping medium through the orifice, generating frictional damping, while the protective cylinder disposed in the cylinder chamber and the sub-compression or tension spring, thereby consuming the vibration energy, kinetic energy is converted to heat and strain energy in the spring , eventually dissipates the heat into the air. 由于阻尼介质受外力在小孔中流动,受到冲击时不产生反弹,从而使结构非常平稳。 Since the damping medium flow in the wells by an external force, it does not produce rebound on impact, so that the structure is very smooth.

[0011] 本实用新型具有以下优点: [0011] The present invention has the following advantages:

[0012] 1、在保护缸和副缸腔内加设有弹簧,在外力作用下,活塞杆开始运动,此时弹簧起到缓冲作用;特别地,保护缸腔内的弹簧使端盖在外力作用下受力平衡; [0012] 1, the protective cylinder and the secondary cylinder chamber plus a spring, the external force, the piston rod starts to move, when the spring cushion; in particular, the cylinder chamber of the spring end cap protected external force balance of forces acting;

[0013] 2、在保护缸和副缸腔内加设了弹簧,使粘滞阻尼器具备很好的初始静刚度; [0013] 2, the protective cylinder and the secondary cylinder chamber disposed spring plus the viscous dampers have good initial static stiffness;

[0014] 3、在主缸外加设了一个保护缸,让活塞杆的一端通过保护缸的端盖,使活塞杆在运动中沿轴向更能平稳的运动,同时保护缸对主缸起到了防尘、防腐和保护作用。 [0014] 3, plus the master cylinder is provided with a protective cylinder so that the piston rod end of the cylinder through protective end cap, the piston rod movement in the axial direction more smooth motion while protecting cylinder master cylinder played dustproof, corrosion and protection.

[0015] 4、本实用新型的阻尼器的主缸、副缸、活塞和活塞杆等部位设置了多道密封措施,有效的增加了阻尼器的抗漏能力,从而延长了阻尼器的使用寿命。 [0015] 4, the master cylinder of the present invention damper secondary cylinder, piston and piston rod and other multi-channel parts are provided sealing measures, effectively increasing the ability of the anti-leak damper, thereby extending the life of the damper .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1为阻尼器结构纵剖面构造示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a vertical cross-sectional configuration diagram of the structure of a damper;

[0017] 图中:1.主铰座;2.活塞杆;3.保护缸端盖;4.保护缸;51.左密封装置;52.右S封装直;6.王缸;7.活塞;81.弹黃一;82.弹黃_.;9.副缸;10.副绞座;11.阻尼介质; [0017] FIG: a main hinge housing; a piston rod 2; 3 protective cylinder cap; protective cylinder 4; left sealing means 51; 52 right-encapsulated straight S; Wang cylinder 6; 7 piston...... ;. a spring 81;. 82 _ .; spring cylinder 9;. cutter holder 10; 11 damping medium;

12.阻尼孔。 12. orifice.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 下面结合附图对本实用新型的实施例作详细说明:本实施例在以本实用新型技术方案为前提下进行实施,给出了详细的实施方式和具体的操作过程,但本实用新型的保护范围不限于下述的实施例。 [0018] below with reference to an embodiment of the present invention described in detail: In the present embodiments of the present invention to the technical solution under the premise that, given the specific operation and detailed embodiments, but the present invention the scope of protection is not limited to the following examples.

[0019] 参见图1所示,图中包括主缸6、副缸9,主缸6两端分别设有左密封装置51,右密封装置52,主缸6的一端外套有保护缸4,主缸6内设有沿轴向移动的活塞7,该活塞7的中心位置贯通一活塞杆2,主缸6内填充有阻尼介质11,该阻尼介质为硅油。 [0019] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 6 includes a master cylinder, the sub-cylinder 9, both ends of the master cylinder 6 are provided with sealing means 51 left and right sealing means 52, one end of the master cylinder 6 with a protective outer cylinder 4, the main 6 cylinder equipped with axially movable piston 7, the center position of the piston 7 through a piston rod 2, 6 within the master cylinder filled with a damping medium 11, the damping medium is a silicone oil.

[0020] 左密封装置51、右密封装置52和保护缸端盖3的轴心位置均设有一中心孔,活塞杆2的一端通过左密封装置51的中心孔和保护缸端盖3的中心孔与主铰座I相连,活塞杆2的另一端通过右密封装置52的中心孔延伸至副缸9腔内,副缸9腔内设置弹簧二82,该弹簧二82的一端与副缸9腔旁的右密封装置52连接,该弹簧二82的另一端与副缸9腔内的一端连接,该弹簧二82的中间部位与活塞杆2的一头连接,主缸6和保护缸4之间设有弹簧一81,该弹簧一81的一端与保护缸4端盖连接,该弹簧一81的另一端与主缸一端的左密封装置51连接。 [0020] Left sealing means 51, sealing means 52 and the right end cap protected by the axial position of the cylinder 3 are equipped with a central hole, one end of the piston rod 2 through the left central bore and a central hole 51 of the protective cap 3 of the cylinder sealing means I is connected with the main hinge base, the other end of the piston rod 2 extends through the right seal 52 of the central bore 9 to the secondary cylinder chamber, the sub-cylinder chamber 9 is provided the second spring 82, one end of the sub-cylinder 82 of the second spring chamber 9 Right beside the sealing device 52 is connected to one end of the spring 9 the other end of the cavity and the two sub-cylinder 82 is connected to an intermediate portion of the second spring 82 is connected to a piston rod 2, 4 is provided between the master cylinder and the protection cylinder 6 a spring 81, one end of the spring 81 with a protective cap is connected to the cylinder 4, a spring 81 to the left end of the sealing means 51 and the other end is connected to the master cylinder.

[0021] 在活塞7上对称布置有阻尼孔12。 [0021] The orifice 12 is arranged symmetrically in the piston 7. 活塞7与主缸6之间采用格莱圈或斯特封密封,左密封装置51、右密封装置52与主缸6、活塞7和活塞杆2之间采用密封圈进行密封。 Employed between the piston 7 of the master cylinder 6 Grameen circle Lancaster closure or seal, the sealing means 51 the left and right master cylinder 52 and the sealing device 6, the sealing ring using a seal between the piston 7 and the piston rod.

[0022] 主铰座I和活塞杆2的左端通过螺纹连接,副铰座10与主缸6之间通过螺纹连接。 [0022] I main hinge base and the piston rod 2 is a left end by a threaded connection, the sub-base 10 and the hinge by a threaded connection between the master cylinder 6.

[0023] 以上显示和描述了本实用新型的基本原理和主要特征和本实用新型的优点。 [0023] The above described and the basic principles of the present invention and the main features and advantages of the present invention. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本实用新型不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本实用新型的原理,在不脱离本实用新型精神和范围的前提下,本实用新型还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本实用新型范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, the above embodiments described in the specification and Examples are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention new there will be various changes and modifications, changes and modifications which fall within the scope of the invention claimed. 本实用新型要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等效物界定。 Scope of the claimed invention by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,包括一主缸、副缸,所述主缸两端分别设有一密封装置,称作左密封装置和右密封装置,所述副缸紧邻右密封装置,所述保护缸和副缸的端部分别连接有王绞座、副绞座,所述王缸的一端外套有一保护缸,该保护缸紧邻左S封装置,该主缸内设有沿轴向移动的活塞,该活塞的中心位置贯通一活塞杆,所述主缸内填充有阻尼介质,所述左密封装置、右密封装置和保护缸的端盖的轴心位置均设有一中心孔,所述活塞杆的一端通过所述密封装置的中心孔、所述保护缸端盖的中心孔与主铰座相连,所述活塞杆的另一端通过所述右密封装置的中心孔延伸至所述副缸腔内。 Stiffness A strip viscous damper, characterized in that it comprises a master cylinder, a secondary cylinder, the master cylinder ends are provided with a sealing means, the sealing means referred to as left and right sealing means, the secondary sealing means adjacent to the right cylinder, said secondary cylinder and the protection cylinder end portion are connected with a twisted seat Wang, twisting the sub seat, one end of the cylinder jacket Wang a protective cylinder, the cylinder adjacent to the left of the protective sealing means S, the master cylinder equipped with axially movable piston, the center position of the piston through a piston rod of the master cylinder filled with a damping medium, the axial position of the left end cap sealing means, the sealing means and the right cylinder are protected is provided with a central bore, an end of the piston rod through the central bore of the sealing device, the protective cylinder end cap central aperture of the main hinge base and the other end of the piston rod through the sealing means of the right center holes extending to the secondary cylinder chamber.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述副缸腔内设置一弹簧二,该弹簧二的一端与副缸腔旁的右密封装置连接,该弹簧二的另一端与所述副缸腔内的一端连接,该弹簧二的中间部位与活塞杆连接。 2. A belt according to one of claim 1 Stiffness viscous damper, wherein said sub-cylinder chamber a second spring is provided, which spring means connected to the right side of the sealed chamber at one end and two secondary cylinder as claimed in claim the other end of the second spring end is connected to the sub-cylinder chamber, an intermediate portion connecting the two springs the piston rod.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述主缸和保护缸之间设有一弹簧一,该弹簧一的一端与所述保护缸端盖连接,该弹簧一的另一端与主缸一端的左密封装置连接。 3. According to a viscous damper according to the static stiffness with claim 1, characterized in that a spring is provided between the master cylinder and a protective cylinder, the one end of the spring is a cylinder protective cap connection, the left end of the sealing device and the other end of the master cylinder is connected to a spring.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述活塞上对称布置有阻尼孔。 1 according to one of the static stiffness with the viscous damper, characterized in that the orifice is arranged symmetrically on the piston as claimed in claim.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述活塞与主缸之间采用格莱圈或斯特封密封。 5. The closure 1 sealing strip according to one of the static stiffness of the viscous damper, characterized in that, using Manchester Grameen circle or between the piston and the master cylinder as claimed in claim.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述左密封装置、右密封装置与主缸、活塞和活塞杆之间采用密封圈进行密封。 1 according to one of the static stiffness with the viscous damper, characterized in that the sealing ring using a sealing means between the left and right sealing means and the master cylinder, piston and piston rod as claimed in claim.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的一种带静刚度的粘滞阻尼器,其特征在于,所述左密封装置、右密封装置的内侧、外侧均设有密封圈。 1 according to one of the static stiffness with viscous dampers, characterized in that said sealing means left, right inner sealing means, the outer ring has claim.
CN 201320072571 2013-02-07 2013-02-07 Viscous damper with static rigidity CN203247729U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104154160A (en) * 2014-08-11 2014-11-19 浙江建科减震科技有限公司 Self-resetting viscous dampers
CN104674974A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-03 北京工业大学 Viscous energy consumption anti-bending support
CN104674975A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-03 北京工业大学 Frictional energy dissipation type buckling-restrained brace
CN105155708A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-16 同济大学 Tuned viscous mass damper
CN105507439A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 北京工业大学 Piston type compressed spring filled self-reset energy dissipation support
CN106592414A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-04-26 北京工业大学 Multi-position hole-type viscous damper

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104154160A (en) * 2014-08-11 2014-11-19 浙江建科减震科技有限公司 Self-resetting viscous dampers
CN104154160B (en) * 2014-08-11 2017-01-11 浙江建科减震科技有限公司 Self-resetting viscous dampers
CN104674974A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-03 北京工业大学 Viscous energy consumption anti-bending support
CN104674975A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-03 北京工业大学 Frictional energy dissipation type buckling-restrained brace
CN105155708A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-16 同济大学 Tuned viscous mass damper
CN105507439A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 北京工业大学 Piston type compressed spring filled self-reset energy dissipation support
CN105507439B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-07-31 北京工业大学 Seed filling piston support spring energy self-resetting
CN106592414A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-04-26 北京工业大学 Multi-position hole-type viscous damper

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