CN203247528U - Vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle - Google Patents

Vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203247528U
CN203247528U CN 201320066841 CN201320066841U CN203247528U CN 203247528 U CN203247528 U CN 203247528U CN 201320066841 CN201320066841 CN 201320066841 CN 201320066841 U CN201320066841 U CN 201320066841U CN 203247528 U CN203247528 U CN 203247528U
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China
Prior art keywords
car
rubbish
vacuum
chassis
filter core
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320066841
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈劼
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陈劼
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Priority to CN 201320066841 priority Critical patent/CN203247528U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle. The problem that a garbage tank of an existing small vacuum suction type sweeping vehicle is small in volume and inconvenient to dump is solved. The cleaning vehicle comprises a disc brush and garbage suction inlets, wherein two garbage suction inlets are arranged at the bottom of the vehicle side by side, and a vehicle body is provided with two filter element box bodies. Filter element box covers are arranged on the standard garbage tank, each filter element box body is provided with a garbage inlet and an exhaust port, the garbage inlets of the two filter element box bodies are connected with the two garbage suction inlets respectively, and the exhaust ports of the two filter element box bodies are connected onto a centrifugal fan respectively. The vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle has the advantages that the capacity of the garbage tank is increased, and the garbage tank is the standard garbage tank and is good in universality and convenient to replace; the sweeping and cleaning vehicle is power-driven purely and uses a fuel oil engine only in sweeping operation, so that the pollution and operation and maintenance cost are reduced; replacement is convenient; the vehicle adopts bilateral symmetry layout, so that balance and stability are facilitated, and the sweeping effect is improved.

Description

A kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of environmental sanitation plant equipment, relates in particular to the vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car that a kind of volume is little, low in energy consumption, sweeping efficiency is high.
Background technology
Along with Chinese Urbanization and modern process, to public places such as city road, street, squares, and the cleaning in the inner places such as campus, plant area, campsite requires more and more higher.Government's city management and enterprises and institutions are badly in need of targetedly, low energy consumption, low running cost, have a microminiature cleaning car of enough practicality again.18 large " advancing Green Development, cycle development, low carbon development " that propose, " building beautiful China " are also expedited the emergence of the environmental sanitation cleaning dumper that green low-carbon helps to build beautiful China.
At present major urban arterial highway mainly relies on large-scale fuel power road-sweeper to carry out cleaning work, yet even with the fuel oil road-sweeper of light card chassis refit, also exists the too high shortcoming of running cost.The electronic rolling clean type cleaning-vehicle of microminiature replenishes as large-scale cleaning vehicle, can play a role at relatively narrow crowded avenue, and because of the cleaning mode of its rolling clean type, the road pavement planeness is had relatively high expectations, otherwise the cleaning poor effect.And this type of road-sweeper ubiquity refuse collection tankage is large not or topple over inconvenient defective.Therefore be necessary to design a kind of road-sweeper of vacuum suction.
It is 200920100078.5 Chinese utility model such as the patent No., a kind of road-sweeper is disclosed, this road-sweeper comprises sealing dustbin, through hole is fixed with axial flow blower in the sealing dustbin upper end, be fixed with filter screen below the through hole, axial flow blower is connected with generator, and the dustbin rear upper end is hinged with sweep-up pipe.This road-sweeper adopts the vacuum suction, although overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, also there are some defectives in it, this road-sweeper comes for light card repacking, and build is larger, and power consumption, after this road-sweeper is expired refuse collection in addition, when processing these rubbish, need sealing dustbin is taken out, rubbish is poured out, again by the collection cram packer of packing into, transport rubbish to soot by cram packer and process, processing procedure is loaded down with trivial details like this, and can not match with resource in the existing urban garbage treatment system.In addition, this road-sweeper only arranges a rubbish intake at afterbody, easily leaks to inhale rubbish, and the cleaning effect is bad.
Summary of the invention
It is large that the utility model has mainly solved large-scale fuel vacuum suction road-sweeper volume, power consumption is high, the operation and maintenance cost is high, the problem larger to traffic impact during operation, and microminiature fuel oil or hydraulic vacuum suction road-sweeper complex structure, cost and the higher problem of operation and maintenance cost, provide a kind of simple in structure, volume is little, low in energy consumption, sweeping efficiency is high,, road pavement little to traffic impact requires low vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car.
Another goal of the invention of the utility model is to solve the problem that general small-sized rubbish road-sweeper garbage collection box volume is little, topple over inconvenience, provide a kind of dustbin interchangeability good, the refuse collection tankage is large, topple over easily vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car, comprise disc brush and rubbish intake at the bottom of the installation car, two rubbish intakes at the bottom of car, have been arranged side by side, be provided with two filter core casings at car body, the filter core Box Cover is put on the standard dustbin, the standard dustbin is arranged on the car body, be provided with garbage inlet and exhaust opening on the described filter core casing, the garbage inlet of two filter core casings connects respectively two rubbish intakes by pipeline, and the exhaust opening of described two filter core casings is connected respectively on the centrifugal blower.Collect rubbish in the utility model and partly adopt the standard dustbin that uses in the city, rubbish is directly collected in the standard dustbin, the standard dustbin can unload after collecting and expiring, change empty standard dustbin, the standard dustbin that unloads is collected by the bulky refuse transfer cart and is carried out garbage disposal, so greatly utilized conventional garbage case resource, dustbin is changed easy to maintenance, and cram packer all adopts the standard dustbin at present, made things convenient for like this cram packer to collect rubbish, so that cooperate tightr with the refuse disposal system in city.The utility model adopt side by side about two rubbish intakes, improved the cleaning effect, correspondence is provided with two standard dustbins on the car body simultaneously, greatly increased the vehicle-mounted waste trapped volume, can guarantee preferably again the balance of road-sweeper left and right sides counterweight, improve usability and the operating efficiency of complete machine.
As a kind of preferred version, be tiltedly installed with dividing plate in the described filter core casing, described dividing plate will be separated into the upper cavity that is communicated with fan box and the lower chamber that is communicated with the standard dustbin in the filter core casing, be provided with plate filter element on the described dividing plate, this upper cavity is connected by plate filter element with lower chamber, and described rubbish intake is connected on the sidewall of lower chamber by pipeline.This filter core casing filters airborne dust to the air in the standard dustbin, guarantees to discharge clean air.Under the effect of centrifugal blower, form negative pressure in the standard dustbin, rubbish can be inhaled in the standard dustbin, and air enters upper cavity by plate filter element, and then be discharged into the external world by centrifugal blower.
As a kind of preferred version, be connected with respectively two air-suction ducts on the air intake of described centrifugal blower, two air-suction ducts are connected with the air outlet of two filter core casings respectively, are provided with fuel engines at car body, and fuel engines and centrifugal blower are in transmission connection.Adopt a centrifugal blower in this programme, the air intake of centrifugal blower is provided with the air outlet that two branch roads connect respectively two filter core casings, this motor is fuel engines, and fuel engines drives centrifugal blower work, and centrifugal blower arrives the air intake in the filter core casing and air draft extraneous.This fuel engines also can drive road-sweeper in addition, only uses fuel engines when cleaning work, and fuel engines is in optimum condition, minimizing pollution and reduction operation expense.
As a kind of preferred version, car body comprises the chassis, be connected with front and back wheel by hitch independently respectively in the front and back end, chassis, described disc brush has two, two disc brushes are hinged on the chassis front end both sides by swing arm respectively, and described two rubbish intakes are installed in side by side on the chassis and are positioned on the middle rearward position of two disc brushes.Disc brush comprises motor and is connected to brush on the motor shaft, and this disc brush is hinged by swing arm and base, can control two disc brushes by the control swing arm and open and draw in, opens arrival cleaning work position to both sides, and inward collapsible arrives non-job position.Two disc brushes are rotated in opposite directions and are rotated, like this with refuse sweeping between two disc brushes, then by two rubbish intakes rubbish is sucked.
As a kind of preferred version, be connected with rubbish at two rubbish intakes and suck casing, described rubbish sucks casing towards front openings, and opening is horn-like.This rubbish sucks casing and makes things convenient for rubbish to suck.
As a kind of preferred version, two dustbin base plates have been arranged side by side on the chassis, the position of two respectively corresponding two filter core casings in the position of rubbish base plate on the chassis, two standard garbage boxes are placed on respectively on two rubbish base plates, one side of described two parallel length over ends of body directions of dustbin base plate is hinged on the chassis, and the another side relative with hinged one side is connected with the both sides, chassis respectively by locking system.The structure of this dustbin back-plane design Cheng Kexiang car body one lateral overturning, this locking system can or be other mechanism in common use for engaging support mechanism.In the time will unloading the standard dustbin, unclamp locking system, dustbin base plate upset, the front end kiss the earth is separated standard dustbin and the filter core casing that its top is tightly connected easily, also makes things convenient for standard box bodies is broken away from car body.After putting the standard dustbin, the dustbin base plate is dug horizontal level, with dustbin base plate locking, this moment, dustbin plane of the opening and filter core casing lower opening were sealed and matched, but entered job state by locking system.
As a kind of preferred version, be provided with driving cabin in front-wheel installation site, described chassis.This driving cabin position is positioned at front-wheel top, can guarantee like this operation observation visual field of operator's the best.
As a kind of preferred version, describedly be provided with battery pack at car body, this battery pack is connected with centrifugal blower with the car body drive motors respectively.This battery pack provides power for car body drive motors, disc brush motor, centrifugal blower.The utility model adopts battery pack as power, more environmental protection.Dumper only uses fuel engines to drive when cleaning work in the every day use driven by power.
As a kind of preferred version, be provided with warning lamp at car body top.
The utility model has the advantages that: 1. dustbin adopts the standard dustbin, has utilized conventional garbage case resource, is convenient for changing, and has made things convenient for cram packer to collect rubbish, so that cooperate tightr with the refuse disposal system in city; 2. simple in structure, cost is low, and characteristics of compact layout takies path space little, and is little to traffic impact during operation; 3. the centrifugal blower that adopts fuel engines to drive, energy consumption is little, and vacuum is high, and the air draught air quantity is large, and can change at any time according to job requirements the fuel engines power of fan parameter and driving blower fan, to reach different blast and air quantity; 4. pure motor driving only uses fuel engines when cleaning work, and fuel engines is in optimum condition, minimizing pollution and reduction operation expense; 5. dustbin capacity multiplication, versatility is good, and it is convenient to change; 6. the bilateral symmetry layout is conducive to the balance of vehicle with stable, and is helpful to the cleaning effect; 7. vehicle performance, comfortableness are better, and the road clearance is high, and trafficability characteristic is good, can carry out non-road such as the operations such as sidewalk, square, workshop even greenery patches.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation that the utility model is overlooked;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of the utility model backsight.
1-chassis 2-disc brush 3-driving cabin 4-filter core casing 5-standard dustbin 6-centrifugal blower 7-fuel engines 8-air draught pipeline 9-swing arm 10-upper cavity 11-lower chamber 12-garbage inlet 13-dividing plate 14-dustbin base plate 15-rubbish intake 16-rubbish sucks casing 17-plate filter element 18-warning lamp
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is further described.
Embodiment:
A kind of vacuum of the present embodiment left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, this dumper includes chassis 1, and the front and back end on this chassis is connected with front and back wheel by independent wheel suspension respectively, in the front-wheel position driving cabin 3 is installed.Be hinged with respectively disc brush 2 on the both sides of front portion, chassis, this disc brush comprises brush and disc brush motor, and brush is connected in the rotating shaft of disc brush motor, and the disc brush motor is hinged on the chassis front part sides by swing arm 9.Rubbish intake 15 before the place, rearward position is provided with in the middle of two disc brushes on the chassis, two rubbish intakes 15 have been arranged side by side on the chassis, two rubbish intakes rear positions between two disc brushes, at two rubbish intakes rubbish is installed and sucks casing 16, this rubbish sucks casing towards front openings, and opening is horn-like.
Be provided with two standard dustbins 5 at dumper, two standard dustbins are placed side by side, the standard dustbin that this standard dustbin is 240L, opening at each standard dustbin is provided with filter core casing 4, this filter core lower box opening, this opening is sealed and matched by sealing ring and standard dustbin opening.As shown in Figure 3, be tiltedly installed with dividing plate 13 in this filter core casing interior separation is become upper cavity 10 and lower chamber 11, be provided with plate filter element 17 on this dividing plate, upper cavity and lower chamber are connected by plate filter element, wall at upper cavity is provided with air outlet, wall at lower chamber is provided with garbage inlet 12, and this garbage inlet is connected with rubbish intake on the chassis by pipeline.Here the garbage inlet of two filter core casings is connected with two rubbish intakes by pipeline respectively.
Also be provided with centrifugal blower 6 and fuel engines 7 on rear vehicle, this fuel engines and centrifugal blower are in transmission connection, and this motor also can drive dumper simultaneously, and the present embodiment dumper uses fuel engines when cleaning work.This centrifugal blower has air intake and air outlet, is connected with 8, two air-suction ducts of two air-suction ducts on the air intake and is connected with the air outlet of two filter core casings respectively, and the air outlet of centrifugal blower is in communication with the outside.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, be provided with the position of respectively corresponding two the filter core casings in the position of 14, two dustbin base plates of two dustbin base plates on the chassis on the chassis, two standard dustbins are placed on respectively on two dustbin base plates.Two dustbin base plates are positioned at one side inboard and parallel length over ends of body direction, chassis and are hinged on the chassis, and the another side relative with hinged one side is connected with the both sides, chassis by locking system respectively.During use, unclamp locking system, dustbin base plate upset, the front end kiss the earth is separated standard dustbin and the filter core casing that its top is tightly connected easily, also makes things convenient for standard box bodies is broken away from car body.
This dumper is driven by power, is provided with battery pack in car body, this battery pack respectively with car body in drive motors be connected with the disc brush motor.Can remind the next door people in order to do the time spent at dumper, be provided with warning lamp 21 at car body top.
Specific embodiment described herein only is to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or replenish or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper has more used the terms such as chassis, disc brush, driving cabin, filter core casing, standard dustbin, do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms only is in order to describe more easily and explain essence of the present invention; They are construed to any additional restriction all is contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car, comprise disc brush and rubbish intake at the bottom of the installation car, it is characterized in that: at the bottom of car, be arranged side by side two rubbish intakes, be provided with two filter core casings (4) at car body, the filter core Box Cover is put on the standard dustbin, the standard dustbin is arranged on the car body, be provided with garbage inlet (12) and exhaust opening on the described filter core casing, the garbage inlet of two filter core casings connects respectively two rubbish intakes (12) by pipeline, and the exhaust opening of described two filter core casings is connected respectively on the centrifugal blower (6).
2. a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being tiltedly installed with in the described filter core casing (4) dividing plate (13), described dividing plate will be separated into the upper cavity (10) that is communicated with fan box and the lower chamber (11) that is communicated with standard dustbin (5) in the filter core casing, be provided with plate filter element (17) on the described dividing plate, this upper cavity is connected by plate filter element with lower chamber, and described rubbish intake is connected on the sidewall of lower chamber by pipeline.
3. a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car according to claim 2, it is characterized in that being connected with respectively two air-suction ducts (8) on the air intake of described centrifugal blower (6), two air-suction ducts are connected with the air outlet of two filter core casings (4) respectively, be provided with fuel engines (7) at car body, fuel engines and centrifugal blower are in transmission connection.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning cars, it is characterized in that car body comprises chassis (1), be connected with front and back wheel by hitch independently respectively in the front and back end, chassis, described disc brush (2) has two, two disc brushes are hinged on the chassis front end both sides by swing arm (9) respectively, and described two rubbish intakes (15) are installed in side by side on the chassis and are positioned on the middle rearward position of two disc brushes.
5. a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car according to claim 4 is characterized in that being connected with rubbish at two rubbish intakes (15) sucks casing (16), and described rubbish sucks casing towards front openings, and opening is horn-like.
6. a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car according to claim 5, it is characterized in that being arranged side by side on the chassis two dustbin base plates (14), the position of two respectively corresponding two filter core casings in the position of rubbish base plate on the chassis, two standard garbage boxes are placed on respectively on two rubbish base plates, one side of described two parallel length over ends of body directions of dustbin base plate is hinged on the chassis, and the another side relative with hinged one side is connected with the both sides, chassis respectively by locking system.
7. a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning car according to claim 4 is characterized in that being provided with driving cabin (3) in front-wheel installation site, described chassis (1).
8. according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 described a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning cars, it is characterized in that describedly being provided with battery pack at car body, this battery pack is connected with the disc brush motor with the car body drive motors respectively.
9. according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 described a kind of vacuum left and right sides double suction fan formula cleaning cars, it is characterized in that being provided with warning lamp (18) at car body top.
CN 201320066841 2013-02-05 2013-02-05 Vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN203247528U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320066841 CN203247528U (en) 2013-02-05 2013-02-05 Vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320066841 CN203247528U (en) 2013-02-05 2013-02-05 Vacuum left-right double-suction ventilator type sweeping and cleaning vehicle

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103741627A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-23 北京林业大学 Falling leaf sweeper
CN105002851A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-10-28 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Energy-saving type environmental sanitation sweeping car
CN105862636A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-17 南通明诺机械有限公司 Novel-energy road sweeping vehicle with optimized structure
CN106087814A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 丹阳市亚力车业有限公司 A kind of sweeper chassis of band auto-lock function
CN106836095A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 深圳恒洁士机器人环境保护科技有限公司 Environment-protecting clean robot
CN108442295A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-08-24 江北建设有限公司 A kind of road construction cleaning project vehicle

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103741627A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-23 北京林业大学 Falling leaf sweeper
CN103741627B (en) * 2013-12-27 2016-04-06 北京林业大学 A kind of falling leave cleaning machine
CN105002851A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-10-28 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Energy-saving type environmental sanitation sweeping car
CN105002851B (en) * 2015-07-21 2017-01-25 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Energy-saving type environmental sanitation sweeping car
CN105862636A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-17 南通明诺机械有限公司 Novel-energy road sweeping vehicle with optimized structure
CN106087814A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 丹阳市亚力车业有限公司 A kind of sweeper chassis of band auto-lock function
CN106836095A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 深圳恒洁士机器人环境保护科技有限公司 Environment-protecting clean robot
CN108442295A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-08-24 江北建设有限公司 A kind of road construction cleaning project vehicle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131023

Termination date: 20170205