CN203242643U - System fixing solar modules and photoelectric conversion system - Google Patents

System fixing solar modules and photoelectric conversion system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203242643U
CN203242643U CN 201220462920 CN201220462920U CN203242643U CN 203242643 U CN203242643 U CN 203242643U CN 201220462920 CN201220462920 CN 201220462920 CN 201220462920 U CN201220462920 U CN 201220462920U CN 203242643 U CN203242643 U CN 203242643U
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member
system
opening
solar
solar module
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CN 201220462920
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Chinese (zh)
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斯科特·斯金纳
阿希尔·萨洛蒙
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索拉里亚公司
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Priority to US13/471,397 priority
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a system for fixing solar modules and a photoelectric conversion system. The system for fixing solar modules comprises a base plate and a clamping member. The base plate comprises a top side and a bottom side. The thickness between the top side and the bottom side is at least 2.5mm. The bottom side comprises a protruding member located on the central area of the base plate and a first opening for accommodating a nut member. The protruding member is configured in a way to be detachably coupled to a track opening. The bottom side is characterized by having an at least 20cm2 surface area. The clamping member comprises a base part, a first arm part and a second arm part. Compared with a conventional installation system, the system provided in the embodiment of the utility model makes arrangement and installation of solar panels ever easier and cheaper. Even one man can achieve installation. The parts and the whole of the installation system provided by the embodiment of the utility model make a tracking system and the solar modules firmly installed.

Description

固定太阳能模块的系统、光电转换系统 The system of fixing the solar module, the photoelectric conversion system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种用于开发太阳能的系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar system for a development.

[0002] 背景技术 [0002] BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 本实用新型涉及用于利用太阳能的方法和系统。 [0003] The present invention relates to a method and system for using solar energy.

[0004] 随着世界人口的增加,工业扩张已经导致相应增加的能源消耗。 [0004] As the world population increases, industrial expansion has led to a corresponding increase in energy consumption. 能源通常来源于包括煤炭和石油的化石燃料、水电站、核能源等。 Energy typically include coal and oil derived from fossil fuels, hydropower, nuclear power and the like. 仅作为一个示例,国际能源署项目(International Energy Agency projects)进一步增加了石油消耗,其中例如中国和印度的发展中国家是该增加的主要原因。 As just one example, the International Energy Agency project (International Energy Agency projects) further increase in oil consumption, which developing countries such as China and India are the main reason for the increase. 几乎我们日常生活中的每个方面均要部分地依赖于石油,而石油变得越来越缺乏。 We almost every aspect of daily life have to be partly dependent on oil, while oil becomes increasingly scarce. 随着时间的进一步推移,“廉价”和丰富的石油时代将要结束。 With the further passage of time, "cheap" and the oil-rich era to an end. 相应地,已经开发出其它能源和可替代能源。 Accordingly, other energy sources have been developed and alternative energy.

[0005] 除了石油,我们还依赖于其它非常有用的能量源(例如水电、核能、等)来提供我们的电力需求。 [0005] In addition to oil, we also dependent on other useful energy source (e.g., hydroelectric, nuclear, etc.) to provide our electricity demand. 作为示例,我们的用于家庭和商业的传统电力使用需求来自于依靠煤炭或者其它形式的化石燃料、核发电设备、和水电站以及其它形式的可再生能源运行的涡轮。 As an example, our traditional electricity for homes and businesses rely on the use of demand from coal or other forms of fossil fuels, nuclear power facilities, and hydropower as well as other forms of renewable energy turbine operation. 通常,电力的家庭和商业使用已经变得稳定和广泛。 Typically, home and business use of electricity has become stable and widespread.

[0006] 更重要的是,地球上发现的大部分可用能源来自于我们的太阳。 [0006] More importantly, most of the available energy found on Earth from our sun. 通常地球上的所有普通植物生命利用来自于阳光的光合作用实现生命。 Usually all common plant life on Earth realize life from the sun through photosynthesis. 例如石油等矿物燃料同样来自于源于与太阳有关的能量的生物材料。 Similarly, for example, oil and other fossil fuels derived from solar energy-related biomaterial. 对于包括“太阳崇拜者”的人类来说,阳光是必需的。 For human beings, including "sun worshipers" in it, the sun is required. 对于地球上的生命,太阳已经成为我们现代太阳能的最重要能量来源和燃料。 For life on Earth, the sun has become the most important source of energy and fuel our modern solar energy.

[0007] 太阳能拥有很多所需特征:它是可再生的、清洁、丰富、并且通常分布广泛。 [0007] Solar has many desired characteristics: it is a renewable, clean, abundant, and usually widely distributed. 某些开发出的技术通常捕捉太阳能,将它聚集、存储,并且将它转换成其它可用的能源形式。 Some developed techniques typically capture solar energy, it will gather, store, and convert it into other forms of energy available.

[0008] 太阳能板已经被开发出用于将阳光转换成能量。 [0008] Solar panels have been developed for converting sunlight into energy. 例如,太阳能热板被用于将来自于太阳的电磁辐射转换成热能用于加热房间,驱动某些工业生产,或者驱动高级涡轮来产生电能。 For example, the solar panels are used to heat the electromagnetic radiation from the sun is converted into thermal energy for heating the room, certain industrial drive, or to drive a turbine to produce electricity advanced. 作为另一个实例,太阳能光伏板被用于将阳光直接转换成电能以用于多种用途。 As another example, photovoltaic panels are used to convert sunlight directly into electricity for a variety of purposes. 太阳能板一般由太阳能电池阵列构成,其互相连接。 Solar panels typically consists of a solar cell array, connected to each other. 电池经常串联布置并/或是串联电池的并联组。 Cells are often arranged in series and / or parallel tandem cell group. 相应地,太阳能板拥有很大的潜力来有益于我们的国家、安全、和个人用户。 Accordingly, the solar panels have great potential to benefit our nation, security, and individual users. 它们甚至能够多样化我们的能源需求,并且降低世界对石油和其它可能有害的能量来源的依赖。 They can even diversify our energy needs and reduce the world's dependence on oil and other energy sources are potentially harmful.

[0009] 虽然太阳能板已经被成功用于某些用途,但仍存在某些限制。 [0009] While the solar panels have been successfully used for certain purposes, but there are certain limitations. 太阳能电池通常是昂贵的。 The solar cells are generally expensive. 根据地理区域,通常存在来自于政府机构的商业补贴以用于购买太阳能板,其通常不能与来自于公共电力公司的直接电力购买竞争。 According to geographical area, commonly found in commercial subsidies from government agencies for the purchase of solar panels, which usually can not compete with the direct purchase of electricity from public power company. 对于将被采用的太阳能,对于太阳能板来说通常重要的是既有效又能方便地安装。 For solar energy to be used, it is generally important for a solar panel is both effective and can be easily mounted. 为了实现此目的,多种解决方案已经被提出。 To achieve this, a variety of solutions have been proposed. 不幸的是,传统方法仍不够好。 Unfortunately, traditional methods are still not good enough.

[0010] 因此,需要对安装太阳能板的系统和方法进行改进。 [0010] Thus, the need for improved systems and methods for mounting solar panels.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本实用新型涉及太阳能。 [0011] The present invention relates to solar energy. 更特别地,本实用新型的多个实施例提供了一种用于将太阳能模块安装至跟踪系统的系统。 More particularly, the present invention provides various embodiments of a system for a solar module mounting to the tracking system. 在多个实施例中,安装系统包括耦接至跟踪系统的轨道的垫片构件,并且太阳能模块被固定在垫片构件与夹固构件之间。 In various embodiments, the mounting system comprising a pad member coupled to the rail track system, and the solar module is fixed between the spacer member and the clamping member. 垫片构件和夹固构件通过螺母构件和螺钉构件(或者铆钉构件)彼此耦接。 Spacer member and the clip member coupled to each other by a nut member and a screw member (or a rivet member). 另外,钩构件被用作安装的一部分以固定太阳能模块的角部区域。 Further, the fixed part of the corner area of ​​the solar module to be used as a hook member mounted. 螺母构件被定位在垫片构件的非环形开口内并且基本不能旋转,借此允许螺钉和/或铆钉被容易地耦接至螺母构件。 The nut member is positioned within the non-annular opening of the spacer member and substantially not rotate, thereby allowing the screws and / or rivets be easily coupled to the nut member. 在一个优选实施例中,单个个人能够将太阳能模块安装至跟踪系统。 In a preferred embodiment, a single individual module can be mounted to a solar tracking system. 在一些实施例中,此安装系统特别适于容纳聚光太阳能模块,所述聚光太阳能模块能够是无框架的。 In some embodiments, this mounting system particularly adapted to receive concentrator solar module, the solar concentrator modules can be frameless. 这里还存在其它实施例。 Here there are other embodiments.

[0012] 根据一个实施例,本实用新型提供了一种用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统。 [0012] According to one embodiment, the present invention provides a system for fixing one or more solar modules for. 所述系统包括垫板,垫板具有顶侧和底侧,顶侧与底侧之间的厚度为至少2.5mm。 The system includes a backing plate, the plate has a thickness between a top side and a bottom side, a top side and a bottom side of at least 2.5mm. 底侧包括位于垫板的中心区域处的突出构件并且具有用于容纳螺母构件的第一开口。 The bottom side comprises a protruding member located at the center region of the backing plate and having a first opening for receiving the nut member. 突出构件被构造成可拆卸地耦接至轨道开口。 Projecting member is configured to be removably coupled to the rail opening. 底侧的特征在于具有至少20cm2的表面面积。 Characterized in that the bottom side having a surface area of ​​at least 20cm2. 该系统还包括夹固构件,夹固构件具有底座部分、第一臂部分、和第二臂部分。 The system further comprises a clamping member, the clamping member having a base portion, a first arm portion and a second arm portion. 底座部分具有与垫板的顶侧接合的底部表面面积。 Base portion having a bottom surface area in engagement with the top side of the plate. 底座部分具有与垫板的第一开口对齐的第二开口。 A base portion having a second opening aligned with the first opening of the pad. 第一臂部分与垫板的顶侧隔开至少5_的预定距离。 A top side of the first arm portion and spaced a predetermined distance from the backing plate of at least 5_. 该系统附加地包括位于第一臂部分与垫板的顶侧之间的第一衬垫构件。 The system additionally includes a first cushion member between the top side of the first arm portion and the backing plate. 另外,该系统包括螺母构件,螺母构件位于第一开口内。 Additionally, the system includes a nut member, the nut member is positioned within the first opening. 螺母构件在第一开口内基本不可旋转。 Substantially non-rotatable nut member within the first opening. 该系统附加地包括螺钉构件(screw member),螺钉构件可拆卸地耦接至螺母构件并且位于第一开口和第二开口内。 The system additionally includes a screw member (screw member), the screw member is detachably coupled to the nut member and positioned within the first and second openings.

[0013] 进一步地,用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统还包括具有多个轨道的跟踪系统,垫板被耦接至轨道中的一个。 System [0013] Further, for securing one or more solar modules further comprises a tracking system having a plurality of tracks, the pad is coupled to a track.

[0014] 进一步地,用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统还包括用于容纳太阳能模块的角部的T形钩构件。 System [0014] Further, for securing one or more solar modules further comprises a T-shaped hook member for receiving the corner portion of the solar module.

[0015] 进一步地,第一开口为方形以容纳方形的螺母构件。 [0015] Further, the first opening is square to receive a square nut member.

[0016] 进一步地,第一衬垫构件包括橡胶材料。 [0016] Further, the first liner member comprises a rubber material.

[0017] 进一步地,第一衬垫构件被构造成用于固定具有小于IOmm厚度的太阳能模块。 [0017] Further, the first spacer member is configured to be fixed having a thickness of less than IOmm solar modules.

[0018] 进一步地,一个或多个模块包括聚光构件。 [0018] Further, one or more modules comprises a condensing member.

[0019] 根据另一个实施例,本实用新型提供了一种将光转换成电的系统,该系统包括跟踪设备,跟踪设备具有底座和多个轨道。 [0019] According to another embodiment, the present invention provides a method for converting light into electricity system comprising a tracking device, a tracking device having a base and a plurality of tracks. 多个轨道按照基本平坦的平面布置。 A plurality of tracks arranged in a substantially flat plane. 多个轨道包括第一轨道和第二轨道,所述平面能够旋转。 The plurality of tracks including a first and second rails, the plane can be rotated. 该系统还包括垫板,垫板具有顶侧和底侧。 The system further includes a backing plate, the backing plate having a top side and a bottom side. 顶侧与底侧之间的厚度为至少2.5_。 Thickness between a top side and a bottom side of at least 2.5_. 底侧包括位于垫板的中心区域处的突出构件并且具有用于容纳螺母构件的第一开口。 The bottom side comprises a protruding member located at the center region of the backing plate and having a first opening for receiving the nut member. 突出构件被构造成可拆卸地耦接至第一轨道。 Projecting member is configured to be removably coupled to the first rail. 底侧的特征在于具有至少20cm2的表面面积。 Characterized in that the bottom side having a surface area of ​​at least 20cm2. 该系统还包括夹固构件,夹固构件具有底座部分、第一臂部分、和第二臂部分。 The system further comprises a clamping member, the clamping member having a base portion, a first arm portion and a second arm portion. 底座部分具有与垫板的顶侧接合的底部表面面积。 Base portion having a bottom surface area in engagement with the top side of the plate. 底座部分具有与垫板的第一开口对齐的第二开口。 A base portion having a second opening aligned with the first opening of the pad. 第一臂部分与垫板的顶侧隔开至少5_的预定距离。 A top side of the first arm portion and spaced a predetermined distance from the backing plate of at least 5_. 该系统附加地包括位于第一臂部分与垫板的顶侧之间的第一衬垫构件。 The system additionally includes a first cushion member between the top side of the first arm portion and the backing plate. 该系统还包括第一螺母构件,第一螺母构件位于第一开口内,第一螺母构件在第一开口内基本不可旋转。 The system further comprises a first nut member, the first nut member is positioned within the first opening, a first substantially non-rotatable nut member within the first opening. 该系统还包括第一螺钉构件,第一螺钉构件可拆卸地耦接至第一螺母构件并且位于第一开口和第二开口内。 The system further includes a first screw member, the first screw member removably coupled to the first nut member and positioned within the first and second openings. 另外,该系统包括多个太阳能模块,所述多个太阳能模块包括第一太阳能模块, 第一太阳能模块通过第一衬垫构件固定。 Additionally, the system includes a plurality of solar modules, the plurality of solar modules comprising a first solar module, the first solar module is fixed by a first spacer member.

[0020] 进一步地,多个太阳能模块以交错样式布置。 [0020] Further, a plurality of solar modules are arranged in a staggered pattern. [0021] 进一步地,将光转换成电的系统还包括在第一太阳能模块的角部区域处固定第一太阳能模块的钩构件。 [0021] Further, the light is converted into an electrical system further comprises a hook member fixed to a first region at a corner portion of the solar module in a first solar module.

[0022] 进一步地,第一太阳能模块具有至少1.2m2的面积。 [0022] Further, the first solar module having an area of ​​at least 1.2m2.

[0023] 进一步地,将光转换成电的系统还包括由底座部分和第三臂部分构成的第二夹固构件。 [0023] Further, the light is converted into an electrical system further includes a second clamping member is constituted by the base portion and the third arm portion.

[0024] 进一步地,第一太阳能模块包括多个聚光构件。 [0024] Further, the first solar module comprises a plurality of collecting members.

[0025] 进一步地,将光转换成电的系统还包括耦接至第一轨道的第一钩构件,第一钩构件被构造成固定第一太阳能模块。 [0025] Further, the light is converted into an electrical system further comprising a first hook member coupled to the first track, the first hook member is configured to fix the first solar module.

[0026] 应当认识到,根据本申请,上述多个步骤能够被增力卩、删除、修改、替代、重新布置、 重复、和/或交迭。 [0026] It should be appreciated that, in accordance with the present application, the above steps can be a plurality of booster Jie, deletions, modifications, substitutions, rearranged, repeated, and / or overlap.

[0027] 在又一个实施例中,本实用新型提供了一种以阵列方式构造的太阳能模块组件。 [0027] In yet another embodiment, the present invention provides a solar module assembly configured in an array. 该太阳能模块组件包括上部区域和下部区域的挤出成型的轨道组件。 The solar module assembly comprises a track assembly extrusion molding of the upper and lower regions. 该太阳能模块组件包括构造在下部区域上的第一安装结构。 The solar module assembly comprising a first mounting structure is configured on the lower area. 该太阳能模块组件还包括构造在上部区域上的柱结构。 The solar module assembly further comprises a pillar structures configured on the upper region. 柱结构从上部区域延伸。 Pillar structures extending from the upper region. 该太阳能模块组件进一步包括挤出成型的轨道组件与覆盖的太阳能模块之间的间隙间隔。 The solar module assembly further comprises a spacer between the extrusion gap forming the cover track assembly of the solar module. 该太阳能模块组件还包括构造在柱结构上的第二安装结构。 The solar module assembly further comprises a second mounting structure is configured on the column structure. 该太阳能模块组件包括构造在第二安装结构上的垫板。 The solar module assembly structure includes a second mounting pad on the structure. 该太阳能模块组件还包括安装模块夹固件,安装模块夹固件设置成覆盖垫板。 The solar module assembly further comprises a clamping member mounted module, the module mounting plate is provided to cover the clamping member. 该太阳能模块组件具有紧固件,紧固件将垫板机械耦接至安装构件,使得太阳能模块的至少一个边缘被夹在安装模块夹固件与垫板之间。 The solar module assembly has a fastener mechanically coupled to the mounting plate member, such that the at least one edge of the solar module is clamped between the clamping member and the module mounting plate. 该太阳能模块组件包括衬垫材料,衬垫材料位于太阳能模块的边缘上。 The solar module assembly comprises a cushion material, the cushion material positioned on the edge of the solar module. 衬垫材料具有合适的特性来为太阳能模块的位于安装模块夹固件与垫板之间的边缘提供缓冲。 Gasket material having suitable characteristics for the solar module located in the mounting module interposed between the edge of the pad provides cushioning firmware.

[0028] 本实用新型的实施例提供了比用于太阳能模块的传统安装系统的多个优点。 [0028] Example embodiments of the present invention provides several advantages over traditional mounting system for a solar module. 在其它方面中,根据本实用新型的实施例的安装系统与已有跟踪系统和太阳能安装系统是兼容的。 In other aspects, the present mounting system according to an embodiment of the invention with existing systems and solar tracking systems are compatible installation. 与传统安装系统相比,本实用新型的实施例使得安置和安装太阳能板更容易和廉价,仅需一人即能够完成安装。 Compared with the conventional mounting systems, embodiments of the present invention and arranged such that the solar panels easier and inexpensive, only one person being able to complete the installation. 另外,由本实用新型的实施例提供的所述安装系统的部分以及作为整体的安装系统提供了跟踪系统与太阳能模块之间的稳固安装。 Further, part of the mounting system is provided by the present embodiment of the invention provides a solid and tracking system installed between the solar module mounting system as a whole. 在某些实施例中,根据本实用新型的实施例的安装系统为太阳能模块的移动(例如,自由浮动)提供了一定的自由度,因此降低了作用在太阳能模块上的连续力。 In certain embodiments, the present invention provides a mounting system of an embodiment of a degree of freedom for the movement of the solar module (e.g., free-floating), thereby reducing the force acting continuously on the solar module. 还存在其它益处。 There are other benefits.

附图说明[0039] 图11 (a)、图11 (b)分别提供了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统的侧视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0039] FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) are respectively a side elevational view of the mounting system of the present embodiment of the invention. [0040] 图12 (a)、图12 (b)分别示出了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统。 [0040] FIG. 12 (a), FIG. 12 (b) illustrate a mounting system according to an embodiment of the present invention. [0041] 图13 (a)、图13 (b)分别示出了根据本实用新型实施例的钩构件的简图。 [0041] FIG. 13 (a), FIG. 13 (b) show a schematic view of the hook member according to the present embodiment of the invention. [0042] 的简图。 Sketch [0042] a. 图14 (a)至图14 (C)分别示出了根据本实用新型实施例的“T”形钩构件的尺寸[0043] 的简图。 FIG 14 (a) to 14 (C) show the "T" shaped hook member the size of the present embodiment of the invention [0043] The simplified diagram. 图15 (a)至图15 (d)分别示出了根据本实用新型实施例的“L”形钩构件的尺寸[0044] 图16 (a)至图16 (e)示出了根据本实用新型实施例的示例性垫板的尺寸。 FIG 15 (a) through 15 (d) respectively show a "L" size of the present invention embodiment shaped hook member [0044] FIG. 16 (a) to 16 (e) shows the present invention exemplary dimensions of an embodiment of a new plate. [0045] 图17 (a)至图17 (e)示出了根据本实用新型实施例的示例性夹固构件的尺寸。 [0045] FIG. 17 (a) to 17 (e) illustrates the dimensions of a clamping member according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. [0046] 图18 (a)、图18 (b)是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统的简图。 [0046] FIG. 18 (a), FIG. 18 (b) is a schematic view illustrating the mounting system of the present embodiment of the invention. [0047] 图19是根据本实用新型实施例的包括与夹固组件耦接的多个太阳能模块的阵列的俯视图。 [0047] FIG. 19 is a top and clip comprising a plurality of solar module assembly coupled to the array of the present embodiment of the invention. [0048] 图20是根据本实用新型实施例的图19的虚线区域的放大视图。 [0048] FIG. 20 is an enlarged view of a broken-line area in accordance with the present invention, the embodiment of FIG. 19. [0049] 图21是根据本实用新型实施例的图20的放大视图的沿线AA的侧视图。 [0049] FIG. 21 is an enlarged view of a side view along line AA of FIG embodiment of the present invention 20 according to the embodiment. [0050] 图22是示出了构造在图21的柱上的夹固组件的详细侧视图。 [0050] FIG. 22 is a detailed side view illustrating a configuration of the column 21 of FIG clamping assembly. [0051] 图23是示出了构造至轨道组件的可替换夹固组件的详细侧视图。 [0051] FIG. 23 is a diagram illustrating a detailed side view of a clamping assembly configured to alternative track assembly. [0052] 图24和图25 (a)、图25 (b)是根据本实用新型实施例的包括升起的柱的突出轨道组件的详细视图。 [0052] FIG. 24 and FIG. 25 (a), FIG. 25 (b) is a detailed view of a column comprising a raised protrusion track assembly of the present invention embodiment. [0053] 附图标记列表:[0054] 100光伏模块[0055] 101聚光构件[0056] 103光伏封装件[0057] 401聚光构件[0058] 402平坦边缘[0059] 403聚光元件[0060] 700安装系统[0061] 701垫板[0062] 702突出构件[0063] 703螺母构件[0064] 704螺钉构件[0065] 705夹固构件[0066] 706衬垫[0067] 803不锈钢M8凹头HD带帽螺钉[0068] 801垫板[0069] 805不锈钢M8.栓固螺母[0070] 810挤出成型的铝轨道[0071] 920模块[0072] 922不锈钢M8凹头HD带帽螺钉[0073] 921夹固件0074] 923 EPDM橡胶衬垫0075] 924 位于模块的后侧上的泡沫胶带0076] 910 挤出成型的铝轨道0077] 925 垫板0078] 930:示为虚影的第二模块(参考)0079] 10 0模块0080] 10 2不锈钢M8凹头HD带帽螺钉0081] 10 I夹固件0082] 10 3 EPDM橡胶衬垫0083] 11 3衬垫0084] 11 I夹固件0085] 11 0模块0086] 11 5挤出成型的铝轨道0087] 11 4垫板0088] 11 2栓固螺母0089] 12 3衬垫0090] 12 I夹固件0091] 12 0模块0092] 12 5挤出成型的铝轨道。 [0053] List of reference numerals: [0054] The photovoltaic module 100 [0055] The converging member 101 [0056] 103 package photovoltaic [0057] 401 converging member [0058] 402 flat edge [0059] condenser element 403 [0060 ] 700 mounting system [0061] 701 plate [0062] 702 projecting member [0063] The nut member 703 [0064] 704 screw member [0065] 705 the clamping member [0066] 706 spacer [0067] 803 stainless steel socket head HD M8 screw cap [0068] 801 plate [0069] 805 stainless steel M8. bolted nut [0070] 810 extruded aluminum track [0071] 920 block [0072] 922 stainless steel HD M8 socket cap screws [0073] 921 clamping member 0074] 923 EPDM rubber gasket 0075] 924 on the rear side of the foam tape module 0076] 910 extruded aluminum track 0077] 925 plate 0078] 930: shown as a phantom second module (reference) 0079] 100 module 0080] 102 stainless steel HD M8 socket cap screws 0081] 10 I clamping member 0082] 10 3 EPDM rubber gasket 0083] 113 spacer 0084] 11 I clamping member 0085] 110 module 0086] 115 extruded aluminum track 0087] 114 plate 0088] the nut 112 is bolted 0089] 123 spacer 0090] 12 I clamping member 0091] 120 module 0092] 125 extruded aluminum track. 0093] 12 4垫板0094] 12 2栓固螺母0095] 19 0 18个太阳能模块(270W)0096] 20 I模块安装夹固组件-TYP (参见细节0097] 20 2挤出成型的铝轨道7X0098] 20 2挤出成型的铝轨道0099] 20 0太阳能无框架模块0100] 20 4追踪器框架0101] 20 3 MlOT型螺栓0102] 22 I模块安装夹固件0103] 22 0 EPDM橡胶衬垫0104] 22 2模块安装垫板0105] 22 3 M8凹头HD带帽螺钉0106] 22 4 M8方形螺母0107] 23 0挤出成型的铝轨道 0093] 124 pad 0094] The nut 122 is bolted 0095] 19018 solar modules (270W) 0096] 20 I module mounting a clamping assembly -TYP (see details 0097] 202 extruded aluminum track 7X0098] 202 extruded aluminum track 0099] 200 frameless solar module 0100] 204 Tracking frame 0101] 20 3 MlOT bolt 0102] 22 I module mounted clamping member 0103] 22 0 EPDM rubber pad 0104] 222 module mounting plate 0105] 22 3 M8 socket head cap screws HD 0106] 22 4 M8 square nut 0107] 230 extrusion molding aluminum track

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0108] 本实用新型涉及太阳能。 [0108] The present invention relates to solar energy. 更特别地,本实用新型的多个实施例提供了用于将太阳能模块安装至跟踪系统的方法和系统。 More particularly, the present invention provides various embodiments of a method and a system for mounting the solar module to the tracking system. 在多个实施例中,安装系统包括耦接至跟踪系统的轨道的垫片构件,并且太阳能模块被固定在垫片构件与夹固构件之间。 In various embodiments, the mounting system comprising a pad member coupled to the rail track system, and the solar module is fixed between the spacer member and the clamping member. 垫片构件和夹固构件通过螺母构件和螺钉构件(或者铆钉构件)互相耦接。 Spacer member and the clip member coupled to each other by a nut member and a screw member (or a rivet member). 另外,钩构件被用作安装系统的一部分以固定太阳能模块的角部区域。 Further, the hook member is used as part of the system mounted in a fixed corner region of the solar module. 螺母构件被定位在垫片构件的非圆形开口内并且基本上不可旋转,因此允许螺钉和/或铆钉被容易地耦接至螺母构件。 The nut member is positioned within the non-circular opening and the spacer member is substantially non-rotatable, thus allowing the screws and / or rivets be easily coupled to the nut member. 在一个优选实施例中,单个人能够将太阳能模块安装至跟踪系统。 In a preferred embodiment, a single person can be tracked to the solar module mounting system. 在一些实施例中,此安装系统特别适于容纳聚光太阳能模块,所述聚光太阳能模块可以是无框架的。 In some embodiments, this mounting system particularly adapted to receive concentrator solar module, the solar concentrator modules may be frameless. 这里还存在其它实施例。 Here there are other embodiments.

[0109] 作为示例,聚光太阳能模块指的是包括将光导向光伏材料上的一个或多个聚光构件的太阳能板。 [0109] As an example, the concentrator solar module refers to a solar panel comprising one or more collecting members on the light guide photovoltaic material. 根据本实用新型的实施例,聚光太阳能模块包括聚光构件,所述聚光构件包括平行布置的多个聚光条。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, a solar concentrator module includes a condenser member, the converging member comprises a plurality of condensing parallel arrangement. 多个小尺寸光伏电池(每一个光伏电池均具有通过一个或多个总线连接的多个光伏条)被组装成包含与聚光条对齐的光伏条的大光伏封装件。 A plurality of photovoltaic cells of small size (of each photovoltaic cell has a plurality of photovoltaic strips via one or more buses connected) are assembled into a package containing largest PV concentrator photovoltaic strip and the strip is aligned. 如下所描述的,本实用新型的实施例提供了可调整组件系统以用于组装和集成光伏模块。 , Embodiments of the present invention provides an adjustable assembly system for assembling and integration of the photovoltaic module, as described below. 在一个优选实施例中,被安装到跟踪系统的太阳能模块式是无框架太阳能模块。 In a preferred embodiment, is attached to a solar tracking system is modular frameless solar modules. 应当认识到,与有框架太阳能模块相比,无框架太阳能模块通常更轻并且制造更便宜。 It should be appreciated that, as compared with a frame of the solar module, a frameless solar module typically lighter and less expensive to manufacture.

[0110] 容易认识到,太阳能模块具有当模块使用时面向太阳的一侧、以及背离太阳的相对侧。 [0110] readily appreciated, the solar module having a side facing the sun when the module in use, and an opposite side facing away from the sun. 虽然,所述模块能够沿任意定向存在,但容易想到方向“上”或者“顶”指的是面向太阳的一侧并且“下”或者“底”指的是相对侧。 Although the modules may be present in either orientation, but it is easy to think of the direction of "on" or "top" refers to the side facing the sun and "lower" or "bottom" refers to the opposite side. 因此被称为覆盖另一个元件的元件将比它所覆盖的元件更接近“上”侧。 Thus as cover element is another element of the element than it covers closer to "upper" side.

[0111] 在一个实施例中,聚光太阳能模块包括聚光构件101,所述聚光构件包括抵靠光伏封装件的光伏条对齐的多个聚光条。 [0111] In one embodiment, solar concentrator module comprising a focusing member 101, the condensing member comprises a plurality of strips of photovoltaic concentrator photovoltaic strip against the alignment of the package. 例如,聚光太阳能模块在2010年2月29日提交的美国专利申请号12/709,438、和2010年2月I日提交的美国临时专利申请61/300,434中描述,该两件申请通过弓I用并入本文以用于所有目的。 For example, the solar concentrator module in U.S. Patent Application No. 29 February 2010, filed 12 / 709,438, and U.S. Provisional Patent February 2010 I filed 61 / 300,434 described the two applications I by the bow with incorporated herein for all purposes.

[0112] 根据本申请,一个或多个太阳能模块能够被安装到单个跟踪系统上。 [0112] According to the present application, one or more solar modules can be mounted on a single tracking system. 例如,大约20 个太阳能模块能够被安装到单个方位跟踪系统(azimuth tracking system)上。 For example, about 20 solar modules can be mounted to a single position tracking system (azimuth tracking system) on. 图1是示出了太阳能模块的布置的简化图。 FIG 1 is a diagram showing a simplified arrangement of the solar module of FIG. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员能够认识到很多变型、替换、和修改。 Those of ordinary skill in the art can recognize that many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 20个太阳能板在相同的平面内以交错布置的方式定位。 The solar panel 20 positioned in a staggered manner arranged in the same plane. 跟踪系统(图1中未示出)包括多个轨道,太阳能模块能够安装在所述多个轨道上。 Tracking system (not shown in FIG. 1) comprises a plurality of rails, the solar module can be mounted on the plurality of tracks. 在工作中,跟踪系统旋转轨道,借此引起太阳能模块运动并且以最优角度面向太阳以收集光。 In operation, rotation track the tracking system, and thereby causing movement of the solar module facing the sun at an optimal angle to collect the light. 在一个优选实施例中,太阳能模块的交错布置被用于允许大量跟踪系统相互靠近地设置而不会相互阻挡太阳光。 In a preferred embodiment, the staggered arrangement of the solar module is used to allow a large tracking system disposed close to each other and will not block sunlight from each other. 如所示出地,12个太阳能模块处于中间,且另外八个太阳能模块以四个太阳能板一组的方式布置。 As shown, the solar modules 12 in the middle, and further four to eight solar modules are arranged in sets of solar panels. 太阳能模块通过接下来所描述的安装系统互相耦接。 The solar modules coupled to each other by the mounting system will be described next. 由于每一个太阳能模块在尺寸上能够超过lm2(例如,1.5m2),图1中所示出的具有20个板的布置具有较大的总表面面积。 Since each solar module LM2 can exceed in size (for example, 1.5m2), as shown in FIG arrangement having a plate 20 having a large total surface area. 例如,固定到单个跟踪系统上的太阳能模块的数量取决于所需产生的电量和/或跟踪系统的能力。 For example, the solar module is fixed to the tracking system on a single battery capacity depends on the number and / or tracking system is required to produce. 为了在户外条件下保持此布置稳定,此安装系统需要是坚固的并且稳固的。 In order to maintain this arrangement, stable under outdoor conditions, this system requires the installation is robust and stable.

[0113] 虽然太阳能模块在尺寸上一般很大,它们的厚度相对于它们的尺寸较小。 [0113] While the solar module is generally large in size, the thickness thereof is small relative to their size. 太阳能模块的大面积意味着某些类型的力(例如风)能够具有很大的效应。 Large-area solar modules means that some types of forces (e.g., air) can have a significant effect. 例如,太阳能模块经常遭受多种类型的力,例如重力、风力、和其力。 For example, solar modules often suffer from various types of forces, such as gravity, wind and other forces. 图2是示出了太阳能模块的安装的简图。 FIG 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating installation of solar module. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员能够认识到很多变型、替换、和修改。 Those of ordinary skill in the art can recognize that many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图2中示出的,每一个跟踪系统支撑包括十二个太阳能模块的组。 Illustrated in FIG. 2, a tracking system for each support group comprises twelve solar module. 除了这些之外,太阳能模块以交错布置的方式安装以减少互相遮蔽。 In addition to these, the solar modules are arranged in a staggered fashion to reduce the installation overlapped each other. [0114] 如上所描述的,根据本实用新型的实施例的安装系统能够与多种类型的太阳能模块一起使用,所述多种类型的太阳能模块诸如为包括聚光构件的太阳能模块、基于薄膜的太阳能模块、和其它太阳能模块。 [0114] As described above, according to the present invention mounting system embodiment can be used with various types of solar module, the plurality of types of module such as a solar module comprising a solar concentrator member, based on the film solar modules, solar, and other modules. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换、和修改。 Ordinary skill in the art would recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图3中示出的,光伏模块100包括聚光构件101,所述聚光构件包括与光伏封装件103的光伏条带对齐的多个聚光条。 In Figure 3 shows, the photovoltaic module 100 comprises a condensing member 101, the condensing member comprises a plurality of strips aligned with the converging photovoltaic strip 103 of a photovoltaic package.

[0115] 在多个实施例中,聚光构件101具有多个细长的聚光元件(有时被称为透镜元件), 所述聚光元件沿着光伏条的纵向方向延伸。 [0115] embodiment, the condensing member 101 having a plurality of elongate converging element (sometimes referred to as a lens element), the light converging element extending in the longitudinal direction in the plurality of photovoltaic strips embodiment. 对于至少那些聚光元件处于共面中的实施例, 它们的中心-中心间隔名义上等于光伏条的中心-中心间隔。 For at least those elements converging in the coplanar embodiment, their center - center-center spacing is nominally equal to the photovoltaic strip - center spacing. 例如,光伏条的间隔和/或尺寸取决于所期望的聚光比率。 For example, the photovoltaic strip spacing and / or size depending on the desired focal ratio. 每一个聚光元件沿着给定条的方向纵向延伸并且横跨条的方向。 Each converging element extends longitudinally along a given direction across the strip and the direction of the strip. 给定聚光元件被形成为使得当入射到聚光元件的顶面上的平行光到达位于下面的光伏条的平面时,所述光被限定在一区域,该区域的横向尺寸小于聚光元件的横向尺寸,并且也可能小于光伏条的横向尺寸。 Given the condensing element is formed such that when viewed parallel to the top surface of the light incident on the condenser element reaches below the plane of the photovoltaic strip, the light in a defined region, this region is smaller than the transverse dimension of the condensing element the transverse dimension, and it may also be less than the transverse dimension of the photovoltaic strip. 在所示出的实施例中,聚光发生在上表面处,但是也可能使聚光发生在聚光器的下表面处。 In the illustrated embodiment, the condensing occurs at an upper surface, but may also occur at a lower surface converging concentrator. 事实上,在普通透镜的情况中,可以使两个表面均提供聚光。 In fact, in the case of an ordinary lens, it is possible to provide the two surfaces are converging.

[0116] 通常将聚光元件称为提供放大(增强,magnification),因为当通过聚光元件观察光伏条时,光伏条比它实际上显得宽。 [0116] The condensing device usually referred provide amplification (enhanced, Magnification), since the article when viewed through the condenser photovoltaic element, the photovoltaic strip is wider than it actually appears. 换句话说,当通过聚光元件观察时,光伏条优选填满聚光元件开口(aperture)。 In other words, when viewed through the condensing element, the photovoltaic strip is preferably filled converging element opening (aperture). 因此,从入射太阳光的观点来看,太阳能模块显示出横跨它的整个横向范围具有光伏材料。 Accordingly, from the viewpoint of the incident sunlight, the solar module showing across its entire lateral extent of a photovoltaic material.

[0117] 虽然应用了术语“放大”,但它被用于表达多少光被聚集的意思,并且因此能够等效地被称为聚光。 [0117] Although the application of the term "amplifying", but how it is used to express the meaning of the gathered light, and thus can be equivalently referred to as a condenser. 放大/聚光有时还被定义为所保存的光伏材料的量,并且该数量一般小于光放大/聚光,因为光伏条将通常比光的宽度稍微宽,尤其是为了捕获以不同角度入射的光。 Enlarge / condenser is also sometimes defined as the amount of photovoltaic material saved, and generally less than the number of the optical amplifying / concentrator, because the photovoltaic strip will generally be slightly wider than the width of the light, in particular in order to capture light at different angles of incidence . 术语放大将一般被应用。 The term amplification is generally applied.

[0118] 提供放大的聚光元件的表面的部分的横截面能够包括圆形、椭圆形、抛物线形、 或者直线段中的一个或多个、或者这些形状的组合。 [0118] cross-section portion to provide an enlarged surface of the condensing element can include a circular, elliptical, parabolic, or one or more straight line segments, or a combination of these shapes. 虽然聚光元件的放大表面(一般是上表面)的部分能够是平坦的,但容易想象,放大表面可为凸面(即,弯曲或者弧形),并且称放大表面为凸面。 While a partially enlarged surface of the converging element (typically the upper surface) can be flat, but it is easy to imagine, amplification may be a convex surface (i.e., bent or curved), and amplifying said convex surface. 对于横截面是半圆形的实施例,聚光元件的放大部分的表面是半圆柱型。 For the embodiment is semi-circular cross-section, the enlarged portion of the surface of the light converging element is semi-cylindrical. 然而,一般采用对应小于180°的圆弧。 However, the general arc corresponding to less than 180 °. 虽然凸面表面在以上引用的美国专利申请第61/154,357号中被称为“环形”部分,但在此将不采用“环形”名称。 Although the convex surface of the above-referenced U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 61 / 154,357 referred to as "loop" portion, but this will not be a "donut" name. 在一些实施例中,聚光器结构是挤出型玻璃,但是也可采用其它制造技术(例如,模制)和其它材料(例如,聚合物)。 In some embodiments, the condenser structure is an extrusion type glass, but other manufacturing techniques (e.g., molding) and other materials (e.g., polymers).

[0119] 根据本申请,图3中所示出的光伏模块可能或者可能不具有包围基底和聚光构件的框架构件。 [0119] According to the present application, the photovoltaic module shown in FIG. 3 may or may not have a frame member surrounding the base member and a condenser. 图3是示出了聚光太阳能模块的简图。 FIG 3 is a schematic view illustrating a solar concentrator module. 在一个优选实施例中,聚光构件101的边缘可以是平坦的并且脱离聚光元件。 In a preferred embodiment, the edge of the condensing member 101 may be planar and converging element disengaged. 在一些实施例中,聚光构件101的边缘是或多或少地被倒圆的平板玻璃圆边缘(pencil glass edge),其能够降低缺陷尺寸增强强度。 In some embodiments, the edge of the condensing platen glass member 101 is rounded edge (pencil glass edge) is more or less rounded, it is possible to reduce the size of the defect to enhance the strength. 下面提供详细描述。 The following detailed description is provided. 例如,实施机加工工艺以形成聚光构件101,其中聚光构件101的玻璃材料在边缘周围被机加工。 For example, the implementation of a machining process to form a converging member 101, wherein the glass material collecting member 101 is machined around the edges. 结果,相比聚光构件101的其它区域,边缘周围的区域一般存在更少的微裂纹(例如,以后将发展成大型裂纹的裂纹)或者类似物。 As a result, the other region 101, the region around the edge compared to the condensing member typically present fewer microcracks (e.g., later developed into a large crack crack) or the like. 在聚光构件101的边缘区域处增加的强度使得可在光伏模块中采用聚光构件101,而不需要框架来固定聚光构件101。 In the edge areas of increased strength of the condensing member 101 such that the condensing member 101 may be employed in the photovoltaic modules without the need for condensing member 101 is fixed to the frame. 相反,没有在聚光构件101的边缘增加强度,将必须使光伏模块具有框架以固定聚光构件101 并且提供支撑。 In contrast, no increase in the strength of the edge of the condensing member 101, the photovoltaic module must be fixed to a frame member 101 and the condenser to provide support. [0120] 对于聚光元件被集成到单体材料上的聚光构件,例如玻璃,它需要具有平坦边缘。 [0120] For the condensing element converging member is integrated into the monomeric materials, such as glass, it needs to have a flat edge. 图4是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的聚光构件401的简图。 FIG 4 is a schematic view illustrating a member according to the present invention condenser embodiment 401. 此图仅作为一个示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely as an example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 平坦边缘402被布置成平行于聚光元件的长度。 A flat edge 402 is arranged parallel to the length of the condensing element. 平坦边缘402平行定位并且邻近聚光元件403。 A flat edge 402 is positioned parallel to and adjacent the condensing element 403. 在多个实施例中,平坦边缘402的平坦区域与聚光元件403的平坦顶部处于相同高度。 In various embodiments, the flat top edge 402 of the flat planar region of the condensing element 403 at the same height.

[0121] 如图4中示出的聚光构件给予聚光太阳能模块基本非平坦表面。 [0121] FIG. 4 shows administration converging member converging solar module substantially non-planar surface. 能够认识到,根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统能够通过所述非平坦表面固定聚光太阳能模块。 Can be appreciated, the present invention mounting system in accordance with an embodiment of the non-planar surfaces can be secured by a solar concentrator module. 图5是示出了根据本实用新型的一个实施例的安装系统的简图。 FIG 5 is a schematic view illustrating a mounting system according to an embodiment of the present invention a. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图5中示出的,太阳能模块通过夹固件和钩固定,夹固件和钩均通过垫板而固定到跟踪系统的轨道上。 Illustrated in FIG. 5, the solar module and the hook is fixed by the clamping member, the clamping member and the hook are secured to the rail pad through the tracking system. 更特别地,夹固件固定太阳能模块的边缘区域。 More particularly, the fixed clamp an edge region of the solar module firmware. 钩用于固定太阳能模块的角部。 The hook for fixing the corner portions of the solar module.

[0122] 图6 (a)、图6 (b)是示出根据本实用新型的实施例的夹固构件的简图。 [0122] FIG. 6 (a), FIG. 6 (b) is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention according to the clamping member. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、 替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 根据夹固件是用于固定一个或两个太阳能模块,夹固件可具有一个或两个臂。 The clamping member is used to secure one or two of the solar modules, the clamping member may have one or two arms. 如左侧示出的,具有两个臂的夹固件用于固定两个太阳能模块。 As shown on the left, the clamping member having two arms for fixing two solar modules. 如右侧所示的,仅具有一个臂的夹固件用于固定一个太阳能模块。 As it is only shown in the right arm having a clamping member for securing a solar module.

[0123] 图7 (a)、图7 (b)是示出了根据本实用新型的一个实施例的安装系统的简图。 [0123] FIG. 7 (a), FIG. 7 (b) is a schematic view illustrating a mounting system according to an embodiment of the present invention a. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图7 (a)、图7 (b)中示出的,安装系统700包括位于底部处的垫板701,垫板在底部处具有突出构件702以用于耦接至跟踪系统的轨道。 As shown in FIG 7 (A), FIG. 7 shows the mounting system (b) comprises a plate 700 at the bottom 701, plate member having a projection at the bottom of the track 702 for coupling to the tracking system. 例如,突出构件702 的特征在于一宽度,该宽度与跟踪系统轨道的尺寸一致。 For example, protruding member 702 is characterized in that a width dimension of the same track width and tracking system. 例如,突出构件702构造成在轨道开口内滑动并且保持在轨道开口内部。 For example, the protruding member 702 configured to slide inside the opening and kept track within the track opening. 在优选实施例中,垫板701在顶部和底部处均具有大的表面面积,该表面面积能够为大约IOOmmX60mm,这允许垫板701被稳固地附接至跟踪系统的轨道。 In a preferred embodiment, the plate 701 at both the top and bottom has a large surface area, the surface area can be about IOOmmX60mm, which allows the pad 701 is firmly attached to the rail track system.

[0124] 突出构件702在它的中间区域内具有开口以容纳螺母构件703。 [0124] projecting member 702 has an opening in its middle region for receiving the nut member 703. 突出构件702的开口是方形形状,并且它并不比同样是方形形状的螺母构件703大太多。 An opening protrusion member 702 is a square shape, and it is no better than the same square-shaped nut member 703 too large. 由于开口与螺母构件703之间相对紧密的配合公差和它们的方形形状,在当将螺钉构件704固定到螺母构件703上时的过程期间螺母构件703基本上不能旋转。 Due to the relatively tight tolerances and their square-shaped opening 703 between the nut member, the nut member 703 can not be rotated substantially in the process when the screw member 704 is fixed to the nut member 703 during the period. 应当认识到,由于基本上不能旋转, 螺母构件703能够容易地被耦接至螺钉构件704。 It should be appreciated that, since substantially can not be rotated, the nut member 703 can be easily coupled to the screw member 704. 例如,为了将螺钉构件704拧进螺母构件中,人们仅需要转动螺钉构件,而不需要保持螺母构件703来防止螺母构件703旋转。 For example, in order to screw member 704 is screwed into the nut member, it is only necessary to rotate the screw member, without the need for holding the nut member 703 to prevent rotation of the nut member 703. 相反,用在传统安装系统中的螺母典型地是六角形,借此需要安装者保持螺母同时旋转螺钉(或者反之亦然)。 In contrast, with the conventional mounting system is typically a hexagonal nut, thereby requiring the installer while rotating the screw retaining nut (or vice versa).

[0125] 安装系统700还包括夹固构件705。 [0125] The system 700 further includes a mounting clamp member 705. 所示出的夹固构件705具有耦接至垫板701 的顶表面的基础表面。 The illustrated clamp member 705 having a pad coupled to a top surface 701 of the base surface. 由于垫板701和夹固构件705在中间区域均具有圆形开口以用于容纳螺钉构件704,垫板701和夹固构件705能够通过开口对齐。 Since the plate 701 and the clamping member 705 in the central region has a circular opening for receiving a screw member 704, plate 701 and the clamping member 705 can be aligned through the opening. 例如,圆形开口相比于螺钉构件704在直径上并不大很多。 For example, compared to the circular opening in the screw member 704 is not much larger diameter. 夹板705包括两个臂。 Clamp 705 comprises two arms. 位于夹固构件705的臂与垫板701 之间的是衬垫,衬垫被用于形成与太阳能模块的接触以将太阳能模块固定至跟踪系统的轨道。 The clamping member is located between the arm 705 and the plate 701 is a pad, the contact pads are used to form the solar module to the solar module is fixed to the rail track system. 衬垫被设置成形成与太阳能模块的接触,其可具有或者可不具有平坦表面。 Liner is disposed in contact with the solar module is formed, which may have or may not have a flat surface. 除此之外, 衬垫有些柔性以适应太阳能模块的各种形状和/或表面。 In addition, various shapes of the gasket somewhat flexible to accommodate the solar module and / or surface. 在一个实施例中,衬垫706的内表面包括齿状表面,这有助于形成与太阳能模块的良好接触。 In one embodiment, the inner surface of the liner 706 comprises a toothed surface, which contributes to form good contact with the solar module. 根据本申请,衬垫706可由多种类型的材料制造,例如橡胶、硅树脂、EPDM、复合材料、和其它材料。 The present application, the gasket material 706 may be manufactured according to various types, such as rubber, silicone, EPDM, composites, and other materials. 应当认识到,衬垫706 降低了刮伤太阳能模块的表面的可能性。 It should be appreciated that the spacer 706 reduces the possibility of scratching the surface of the solar module.

[0126] 螺钉704和螺母703将安装系统700的多个部分保持在一起。 [0126] a screw 704 and a nut 703 is mounted a plurality of portions of the system 700 will be held together. 如上所描述的,螺钉704被紧固到螺母703上,因此将垫板701和夹固构件705保持在一起。 As described above, the screw 704 is fastened to the nut 703, thus clamping the plate members 701 and 705 are held together. 然而,应当认识到,也可采用其它类型的机械装置。 However, it should be appreciated that also other types of mechanical device employed. 例如,铆钉组能够被用于取代螺钉和螺母。 For example, the rivet can be substituted for the screws and nuts. 除此之外, 采用铆钉组固定安装系统的多个部分提供了防止偷盗的一定程度的保护。 In addition, a plurality of portions of the rivet fixedly mounted against theft system provides a degree of protection.

[0127] 垫板701和夹固构件705能够由多种类型的材料制造。 [0127] clamping member 701 and the plate 705 can be manufactured from various types of materials. 在一个实施例中,垫板701 和夹固构件705包括铝材料(例如,6661铝),铝坚固、耐腐蚀、并且相对便宜。 In one embodiment, the plate 701 and the clamp member 705 comprises an aluminum material (e.g., aluminum 6661), aluminum strong, corrosion resistance, and relatively inexpensive. 也可采用其它类型的材料,例如不锈钢、聚合物等等。 Other types of materials may also be employed, such as stainless steel, polymers and the like. 在一个优选实施例中,垫板701的厚度为至少3mm, 并且能够厚达6mm。 In a preferred embodiment, the thickness of the plate 701 is at least 3mm, it can be thick and 6mm. 例如,垫板通过机加工、锻造工艺、和/或挤压成型工艺形成。 For example, the plate by machining, forging process, the formation and / or extrusion molding process. 相比较, 传统安装系统的多个部分(例如,夹子)一般为2mm厚,该厚度从长远来看强度不足以保持太阳能模块。 Compared to conventional mounting a plurality of portions of the system (e.g., clips) typically 2mm thick, the thickness is insufficient to maintain the long term strength of the solar module. 在多个实施例中,安装系统700能够被用于固定尺寸为1.5m2的太阳能模块,或者用于固定更大尺寸的太阳能模块。 In various embodiments, the mounting system 700 can be used for fixing the solar module 1.5m2 size, or larger for fixing the solar module.

[0128] 图7 (a)、图7 (b)中示出的安装系统被构造成与太阳能跟踪系统的轨道结合。 [0128] FIG. 7 (a), FIG. 7 shows a mounting system (b) are configured in combination with solar tracking rail system. 图8示出了根据本实用新型的一个实施例安装系统耦接到轨道上。 Example 8 illustrates the embodiment of the mounting system coupled to the upper rail according to the present invention a. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图8中示出的,垫板的突出构件装配在跟踪系统的挤出成型的(extruded)轨道的开口内部。 Inner projecting member assembly shown, the tracking system pad extruded (Extruded) track opening 8 in FIG. 根据本申请,挤出成型的轨道可包括多种类型的材料。 According to the present application, the extruded rail may include various types of materials. 垫板的突出构件包括能够在挤出成型的轨道内部滑动的边缘,并且与挤出成型的轨道的开口内部的表面形成接触。 Projecting member comprises a backing plate capable of sliding in the inside edge of the track extrusion molding, and extrusion molding the surface of contact with the inside of the opening of the track. 方形形状的螺母构件也在挤出成型的轨道的开口的内部滑动,并且螺母也与轨道开口的内表面接触。 The nut member are extruded square-shaped rail slides inside the opening of the molding, and the nut also contacts the inner surface of the track opening. 当一对螺钉和螺母被紧固时,此对螺钉和螺母将垫板和夹固件如上所描述地保持在一起。 When a pair of screws and nuts are tightened, the screws and nuts on the plate and the clamping member are held together as described above. 另外,螺母还将垫板和挤出成型的轨道保持在一起。 Further, the nut will be held together and extruded backing track. 例如,一旦螺钉和螺母被互相紧固,垫板被紧密固定到挤出成型的轨道上并且不运动。 For example, once the screws and nuts are fastened to each other, the plate is tightly secured to the extruded tracks and does not move.

[0129]图9是示出了使用根据本实用新型的实施例的安装系统安装太阳能模块的简图。 [0129] FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating the use of the installation according to the present invention a solar module mounting system of an embodiment. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图9中示出的,一对垫板被安装到挤出成型的轨道上。 Illustrated in FIG. 9, a pair of plate is mounted to the extrusion rails. 对应于每一个垫板的是固定到垫板上的夹固构件和螺钉构件。 Corresponding to each of a clamp plate member is fixed to the screw member and the backing plate. 衬垫在对应垫板的位置处固定到太阳能模块上。 Liner at a position corresponding pad is fixed to the solar module. 如图9中示出的,一片泡棉胶带放置在太阳能模块的后侧上。 Illustrated in FIG. 9, a foam tape placed on the rear side of the solar module. 例如,泡棉胶带被用于防止太阳能模块由于施加在垫板与夹固构件之间的压力产生的可能裂缝。 For example, a foam tape is used to prevent a solar module may crack due to the pressure exerted between the plate and the clamping member generated. 在一些实施例中,泡棉胶带并未设置在太阳能模块的后侧上。 In some embodiments, foam tape is not disposed on the rear side of the solar module.

[0130]图10提供了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统的分解图。 [0130] Figure 10 provides an exploded view of a mounting system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如图10中示出的,两个由两个衬垫夹在中间的太阳能模块被放置在垫板(由于从图中它被太阳能模块挡住而在图10中未示出)的顶部上。 10 shown in FIG out, two by two pads sandwiching the solar module is placed on top of the plate (since it is blocked by the solar module from the drawing and are not shown in FIG. 10). 夹固件然后被放置在两个衬垫之间。 Clamping member is then placed between two pads. 接下来,螺钉插入穿过夹固构件和垫板并且紧固于垫板下方的螺母上。 Next, the screw is inserted through the nut plate and the clamping member and backing plate secured to the bottom. 通过紧固螺钉,夹固件向两个衬垫上施加向下的力,这固定了两个太阳能模块。 By tightening the screws, the clamping member downward force is applied to the two pads, which are fixed two solar modules.

[0131] 图11 (a)、图11 (b)提供了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统的侧视图。 [0131] FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) provides a side view of the mounting system of the present embodiment of the invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如所示出的,垫板的突出构件被固定到挤出成型的轨道的开口中。 As shown, the protruding member is fixed to the plate extruded rail opening. 垫板在底部(该底部搁置在挤出成型的轨道的顶部上)处具有很大的表面面积。 The bottom plate (the base rests on top of the extrusion of the track) has a large surface area at. 正如从图11 (a)、图11 (b)可见的,垫板的顶表面基本为平坦的,其提供了较大面积,所述较大面积为位于它上方的太阳能模块提供支撑。 As is clear from FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) is visible, a top surface of the pad is substantially flat, which provides a larger area, providing support for the larger area of ​​the solar module positioned above it. 夹固构件通过螺母和螺钉被固定到垫板上。 The clamping member is secured by a nut and a screw to the plate. 衬垫位于形成在夹固件与垫板之间的开口之间。 An opening is formed between the spacer is located between the clamping member and backing plate. 衬垫结合并且固定太阳能模块。 Liner bonding and fixing the solar module.

[0132] 如上所述,垫板和夹固件还可具有其它形状。 [0132] As described above, the clamping member and backing plate may also have other shapes. 从图11 (a)、图11 (b)中示出的侧视图可见,垫板和夹固件均围绕中心轴线基本上对称。 From FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) shows a side view seen in the shim plate and the clamping member are substantially symmetrical about a central axis. 例如,夹固件的每一个臂被用于固定太阳能模块。 For example, each arm of the clamping member is for fixing the solar module. 这是当垫板和夹固件位于两个太阳能模块之间并且被用于固定两个太阳能模块时的情况。 This is when the backing plate and the clamping member positioned between two solar modules and is fixed to the case where two solar modules. 然而,当垫板和夹固件仅固定单个太阳能模块时,图11 (a)、图11 (b)中示出的形状并不适于垫板和夹固件。 However, when the fixed plate and the clamping member is only a single solar module, FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) shows the shape of the clamping member and backing plate is not suitable. 图12 (a)、图12 (b)示出了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统。 FIG. 12 (a), FIG. 12 (b) shows a mounting system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications.

[0133] 如图12 (a)、图12 (b)中示出的,安装系统包括具有短侧和长侧的垫板。 [0133] FIG. 12 (A), FIG. 12 shows the mounting system in (b) comprises a plate having a long side and a short side. 垫板的短侧与挤出成型的轨道对齐并且未延伸超过轨道的边缘。 The short side of the plate extruded rails are aligned and does not extend beyond the edge of the track. 垫板的长侧延伸超过挤出成型的轨道的边缘并且为位于它上方的太阳能模块提供支撑。 The long side extends beyond the plate edge rails extrusion molding and provides support for the solar module positioned above it. 夹固构件仅在它的右侧具有单个臂(该臂在位于垫板的长侧上方),因为不需要第二臂(如图11 (a)、图11 (b)中示出的)。 A clamping member having only a single arm on its right side (the upper side of the long arm of the plate), since the need for a second arm (FIG. 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) shown). 应当认识到,通过具有图11 (a)、图11 (b)和图12 (a)、图12 (b)中示出的不同的安装结构,太阳能模块能够被有效地固定到跟踪系统的轨道上。 It should be appreciated that the track (A), FIG. 11 (b) and FIG. 12 (A), FIG. 12 different mounting structure shown in (b), the solar module can be effectively secured to the by having a 11-tracking system on.

[0134] 在图11 (a)、图11 (b)和图12 (a)、图12 (b)中,夹固构件基本平行于太阳能模块的边缘和轨道开口。 [0134] FIG opening 11 (a), FIG. 11 (b) and 12 (a), FIG. 12 (b), the clamping member is substantially parallel to the edges of the solar module and the rail. 根据本申请,平行夹固构件独自可能不足以固定太阳能模块,因为太阳能模块可在平行于轨道的长度的方向上滑动。 According to the present application, parallel clamping member alone may be insufficient for fixing the solar module, the solar module as slidable in a direction parallel to the length of the track. 应当认识到,本实用新型的实施例提供钩构件,除此之外,钩构件防止太阳能模块沿轨道滑动。 It should be appreciated that the embodiment of the present invention to provide a hook member, in addition, the hook member is prevented from sliding along the track of the solar module.

[0135] 图13 (a)、图13 (b)是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的钩构件的简图。 [0135] FIG. 13 (a), FIG. 13 (b) is a schematic view illustrating a hook member according to the present embodiment of the invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 在左侧,图13 (a)、图13 (b)示出了“T”形钩构件。 On the left, FIG. 13 (a), FIG. 13 (b) shows a "T" shaped hook member. 在右侧,在此为“L”形钩构件。 On the right side, in this case "L" shaped hook member. “T”形钩构件被安装到跟踪系统的挤出成型的轨道上并且被用于固定太阳能模块。 "T" shaped hook member is mounted to the tracking system and is extruded rail for fixing the solar module. 例如,通过在太阳能模块的角部处保持太阳能模块,钩构件防止太阳能模块沿轨道的长度滑动。 For example, by maintaining the solar module at the corners of the solar module, the solar module to prevent the hook member to slide along the length of the track. 另外,钩构件还防止太阳能模块在其它方向上滚动或者翻转。 Further, the hook member also prevents the solar module scrolling in the other direction or flipping. 如图13 (a)、图13 (b)中示出的,“L”形钩构件被构造成用来将单个太阳能模块在其角部处固定。 FIG 13 (a), FIG. 13 (b) shown, "L" shaped hook member is configured to be fixed in its individual solar module corners. 因为“L”形不是对称的,存在两种类型的“L”形钩构件,它们的形状互为镜像。 Since "L" shape is not symmetrical, there are two types of "L" shaped hook members, their shapes are mirror images. 在不同的实施例中,钩构件并不与太阳能模块直接接触;衬垫构件(类似于图8-10中示出的衬垫)设置于钩构件与太阳能模块之间。 In various embodiments, the hook member is not in direct contact with the solar module; cushion member (8-10 liner similar to that shown in FIG.) Is provided between the hook member and the solar module. 例如,钩构件能够被固定至跟踪系统的挤出成型的轨道上。 For example, the hook member can be fixed to the tracking system tracks extrusion molding.

[0136] 根据本申请,钩构件能够由多种类型的材料制造,例如铝、不锈钢、聚合物、和其它材料。 [0136] According to the present application, the hook member can be manufactured by a plurality of types of materials, such as aluminum, stainless steel, polymers, and other materials. 在一个优选实施例中,钩构件的厚度为至少4_。 In a preferred embodiment, the thickness of the hook member is at least 4_. 图14 (a)至图14 (C)是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的“T”形钩构件的尺寸的简图。 FIG 14 (a) to 14 (C) is a schematic diagram illustrating an embodiment according to the present invention, a "T" shaped hook member size. 图15 (a)至图15 (d)是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的“L”形钩构件的尺寸的简图。 FIG 15 (a) through 15 (d) is a simplified diagram illustrating the size of the hook-shaped member according to an embodiment of the invention, "L". 图16 (a)至图16 (e)示出了根据本实用新型实施例的示例性垫板的尺寸。 FIG 16 (a) to 16 (e) illustrates the dimensions of an exemplary pad according to an embodiment of the present invention. 图17 (a)至图17 (e)示出了根据本实用新型实施例的示例性夹固构件的尺寸。 FIG 17 (a) to 17 (e) illustrates the dimensions of a clamping member according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 这些图仅提供示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 These figures merely provide examples, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 例如,图14 (a)至图17 (e)中的单元以“mm”表示。 For example, in FIG. 14 (a) to 17 (e) expressed in units "mm".

[0137] 图18 (a)、图18 (b)是示出了根据本实用新型实施例的安装系统的简图。 [0137] FIG. 18 (a), FIG. 18 (b) is a schematic view illustrating the mounting system of the present embodiment of the invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 所示出的安装系统1810被用于固定单个太阳能模块。 Mounting system 1810 is shown for fixing the individual solar modules. 如所示出的,夹固构件和钩构件均为不对称的。 As shown, the hook member and the clamping member are asymmetrical. 相反,安装系统1820被用于固定两个太阳能模块,每侧一个。 In contrast, mounting system 1820 is used for fixing two solar modules, one on each side.

[0138] 在一个实施例中,本实用新型提供了一种将太阳能模块安装至跟踪系统上的方法,如下所述: [0138] In one embodiment, the present invention provides a method of the solar module is mounted to the tracking system, as follows:

[0139] 1.提供跟踪系统。 [0139] 1. providing a tracking system. 此跟踪设备包括底座和多个轨道。 This tracking apparatus comprising a base and a plurality of tracks. 多个轨道依照基本上平坦的平面布置,这允许多个太阳能模块被安装在其上。 A plurality of tracks are arranged in accordance with a substantially flat surface, which allows a plurality of solar modules are mounted thereon. 多个轨道包括第一轨道和第二轨道,第一轨道和第二轨道均处于所述平坦平面上。 The plurality of tracks including a first and second rails, the first and second rails are in said flat plane. 此平面能够通过跟踪系统旋转。 This plane can be rotated by a tracking system. 例如,跟踪设备的底座被设置成移动或者转动所述多个轨道以跟踪太阳。 For example, the base tracking device is arranged to move or rotate the plurality of tracks to track the sun.

[0140] 2.提供具有顶侧和底侧的第一垫板,顶侧与底侧之间的厚度为至少2.5mm。 [0140] 2. Provide a first plate having a top side and a bottom side, a thickness between the top side and the bottom side of at least 2.5mm. 例如,第一垫板能够具有如上所述的4mm的厚度。 For example, the first plate can have a thickness of 4mm above. 底侧包括突出构件,突出构件位于垫板的中央区域处并且具有第一开口以用于容纳螺母构件。 The bottom side comprises a protruding member, the protruding member is positioned at a central region of the backing plate and having a first opening for receiving the nut member. 例如,垫板在图16 (a)至图16 (e)中示出。 For example, the pad shown in FIG. 16 (a) to 16 (e). 突出构件被设置成可拆卸地耦接至跟踪系统的第一轨道。 A first projection member is arranged to be detachably coupled to the rail track system. 底侧的特征在于至少20cm2的表面面积。 Characterized in that the bottom side of the surface area of ​​at least 20cm2. 在一个优选实施例中,表面面积为大约IOOmmX 60mm。 In a preferred embodiment, a surface area of ​​about IOOmmX 60mm.

[0141] 3.将第一垫板放置在第一轨道的预定位置上。 [0141] 3. The first pad at a predetermined position on the first track. 例如,垫板的位置根据太阳能模块的预定布置确定。 For example, the position of the plate is determined according to a predetermined arrangement of the solar module.

[0142] 4.提供第一夹固构件,第一夹固构件具有底座部分、第一臂部分、和第二臂部分。 [0142] 4. provide a first clamping member, the first clamping member having a base portion, a first arm portion and a second arm portion. 第一夹固构件的底座部分具有与垫板的顶侧结合的底部表面面积。 The base portion of the first clamping member having a bottom surface area in combination with the top side of the plate. 第一臂部分以至少5mm的预定距离与垫板的顶侧间隔。 The first arm portion spaced at a predetermined distance from the top side of the backing plate of at least 5mm. 根据本实用新型,第一臂部分与垫板之间的间隔基于太阳能模块的厚度。 Based on the thickness of the solar module according to the present invention, the interval between the first arm portion and the pad. 例如,太阳能模块在厚度上能够比较薄,为约3.2mm。 For example, the solar module can be thinner in thickness of about 3.2mm.

[0143] 第一臂部分与第一垫板之间的间隔被设置成容纳太阳能模块和/或衬垫。 [0143] spacing between the first plate and the first arm portion is configured to receive the solar modules and / or liner.

[0144] 5.将第一夹固构件与第一垫板对齐。 [0144] 5. The first clamping member is aligned with the first plate. 第一夹固构件的底座部分具有与垫板的第一开口对齐的第二开口。 The base portion of the first clamping member having a second opening aligned with the first opening of the pad.

[0145] 6.提供第一衬垫构件。 [0145] 6. Provide a first cushion member.

[0146] 7.将第一衬垫构件放置在第一夹固件的第一臂部分与垫板的顶侧之间。 [0146] 7. The first liner member disposed between the first clamping member and the first arm portion of the top side of the plate.

[0147] 8.将第一螺母构件放置在第一垫板的第一开口内。 [0147] 8. The first nut member is disposed within the first opening of the first pad. 第一螺母构件在第一开口内基本不能旋转。 The first nut member can not be rotated substantially in the first opening. 如上所描述的,第一螺母构件不能旋转,因为第一开口和第二开口均在形状上为基本方形并且具有大约相同的尺寸。 The first non-rotatable nut member as described above, since the first and second openings are substantially rectangular in shape and have approximately the same size.

[0148] 9.将第一螺钉构件耦接至第一螺母构件。 [0148] 9. The first screw member coupled to the first nut member. 第一螺钉构件通过第一开口和第二开口定位。 First screw member by positioning the first and second openings. 在一个可替换实施例中,铆钉被用于替代第一螺钉构件。 In an alternative embodiment, the rivet is used to replace the first screw member.

[0149] 10.提供第一钩构件。 [0149] 10. Providing a first hook member. 例如,根据要固定多少太阳能模块,第一钩构件能够是“T”形或者“L”形。 For example, according to the number of solar modules to be fixed, the first hook member can be a "T" shape or "L" shaped.

[0150] 11.将第一钩构件耦接至第一轨道。 [0150] 11. The first hook member coupled to the first track.

[0151] 12.提供第一太阳能模块。 [0151] 12. To provide a first solar module. 例如,第一太阳能模块能够是聚光太阳能模块或者其它类型的太阳能模块。 For example, the first solar module can be a concentrator solar modules or other types of solar modules.

[0152] 13.米用第一衬垫和第一钩构件固定第一太阳能模块。 [0152] 13 meters with a first hook member fixed to the first pad and the first solar module.

[0153] 14.根据需要,提供附加的垫板/夹固组件以及钩构件。 [0153] 14. The need to provide an additional pad / clamping assembly and a hook member. [0154]图19是根据本实用新型实施例的包括与夹固组件耦接的多个太阳能模块的阵列的俯视图。 [0154] FIG. 19 is a top and clip comprising a plurality of solar module assembly coupled to the array of the present embodiment of the invention. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如所示出的,此阵列包括太阳能模块阵列,该阵列被构造成在配置有多个夹固组件的多个挤出成型的轨道组件上。 Shown, this module includes a solar array such as an array, the array is configured in a plurality of clamping assemblies are disposed a plurality of extruded shaped upper rail assembly. 每一个轨道组件均包括多个夹固组件以使每一个模块保持就位。 Each track assembly comprises a plurality of clamping assemblies such that each module is held in place. 如所示出的,此阵列包括多个以行和列的方式构造的模块。 As shown, this module comprising an array of a plurality of rows and columns in a manner configured. 挤出成型的轨道组件能够由例如铝、钢、或者合金、或者组合的任意合适材料制造,所述材料足够轻质和坚固以承受环境条件。 Extrusion track assembly can be formed by, for example, aluminum, steel, or an alloy, or a combination of any suitable material, the material is light and strong enough to withstand environmental conditions. 应当认识到,图19中所示出的阵列系统能够容纳大量太阳能板。 It should be appreciated that the system shown in FIG array 19 can accommodate a large number of solar panels.

[0155] 图20是根据本实用新型实施例的图19的虚线区域的放大视图。 [0155] FIG. 20 is an enlarged view of a broken-line area in accordance with the present invention, the embodiment of FIG. 19. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如所示出的,在一太阳能模块装置中,放大视图包括构造于四个空间区域内的夹固组件,但是也可具有更少或者更多的夹固组件。 As shown, the solar module in a device, including an enlarged view of a clamping assembly configured to within four spatial region, but may have fewer or more clamping assembly. 同样示出的是参考线A至A,接下来对其进行描述。 Also shown is the reference line A to A, next be described.

[0156] 图21是图20的放大视图的侧视图,根据本实用新型实施例沿线A至A。 [0156] FIG. 21 is an enlarged side view of FIG. 20, according to the embodiment of the present invention along line A to A. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如所示出的,每一个夹固组件被构造在从挤出成型的轨道组件升起的柱上。 As shown, each clamp assembly is configured in a column rising from the track assembly extruded. 每一个柱从轨道组件的顶部升起夹固组件。 Each pillar rising from the top clamping assembly of the track assembly. 升起的夹固组件在轨道组件上以一间隙间隔布置太阳能模块,如所示出的。 Raised clamping assembly on the track assembly is disposed at a gap interval of the solar module, as shown. 挤出成型的轨道组件是升起的柱,能够由单片或者多片材料构造,但是在此能够具有变型。 Extruded track assembly is raised column can be a single piece or multiple pieces configured, but this is capable of modification.

[0157] 在此实例中,本实用新型提供了一种以阵列构造的太阳能模块组件,如所注意到的。 [0157] In this example, the present invention provides a solar array module assembly structure, as noted. 此组件包括具有上部区域和下部区域的挤出成型的轨道组件,接下来将对其进一步描述。 This assembly includes a rail assembly having an upper region and a lower region of the extrusion molding, next will be described further. 此组件包括构造在下部区域上的第一安装结构和构造在上部区域上的柱结构。 This assembly comprises a lower region configured in a first configuration and the mounting pillar structures configured on the upper region. 柱结构从上部区域延伸。 Pillar structures extending from the upper region. 如将示出的,柱结构在挤出成型的轨道组件的上部区域与覆盖的太阳能模块之间形成了间隙间隔。 A gap is formed between the spacer As will be shown, the upper region of the pillar structure during the extrusion of the track assembly of the cover forming a solar module. 此组件还包括构造在柱结构上的第二安装结构、构造在第二安装结构上的垫板、布置成覆盖在垫板上的安装模块夹固件、以及将垫板机械耦接至安装构件以使太阳能模块的至少一个边缘被夹在安装模块夹固件与垫板之间的紧固件。 This assembly further includes a second mounting structure configuration, pad configuration on the post structures on the second mounting structure is arranged to cover the mounting module on the pad clamping member, the plate and mechanically coupled to the mounting member so that the at least one edge of the solar module is sandwiched between the fastener clip mounting module firmware plate. 在此实例中,此组件还包括位于太阳能模块的边缘上的衬垫材料(例如,橡胶)。 In this example, the assembly further comprising a backing material (e.g., rubber) on the edge of the solar module. 衬垫材料具有适合的特征来为太阳能模块的位于模块夹固件与垫板之间的边缘提供缓冲。 Gasket material with suitable features to provide a buffer for the solar module on the module interposed between the edge of the plate and firmware.

[0158] 图22是示出了构造在图21的柱上的夹固组件的详细侧视图。 [0158] FIG. 22 is a detailed side view illustrating a configuration of the column 21 of FIG clamping assembly. 此图仅作为示例,其不应不当地限制权利要求的范围。 This diagram is merely by way of example, which should not unduly limit the scope of the claims. 本领域普通技术人员应当认识到多种变型、替换和修改。 One of ordinary skill will recognize many variations, alternatives, and modifications. 如所示出的,夹固组件包括将垫板耦接至安装夹固件的通用元件(参见例如图23),例如衬垫、安装夹固件、垫板、带帽螺钉。 As shown, the assembly includes a clamp plate coupled to the common mounting element (see, e.g. FIG. 23) of the clamping member, for example pads, firmware mounting clip, plate, screw cap. 如所示出的,带帽螺钉包括细长的螺栓区域,其通过螺母固定,其在升起的柱的一部分内被锁定就位。 As shown, cap screw bolt comprising an elongated area, which is secured by a nut, which is locked in place in the raised portion of the column.

[0159] 图24和图25 (a)、图25 (b)是根据本实用新型实施例的包括升起的柱的挤出成型的轨道组件的详细视图。 [0159] FIG. 24 and FIG. 25 (a), FIG. 25 (b) is a detailed view of a track assembly according to the present invention includes a post rising embodiment of the extrusion molding. 如所示出的,升起的柱被构造在挤出成型的轨道组件的上部上,并且通过空间间隙分隔覆盖的太阳能模块装置。 As shown, the column is raised to the upper track assembly configured extrusion molding, and the solar module arrangement by covering a space separated by a gap. 所述空间间隙允许太阳能模块不需机械附接至轨道组件并且还通过升起的柱而便于空气流动和机械运动,其能够在阵列结构中具有 The space gap allows the solar module without mechanically attached to the track assembly and further air flow is facilitated by the mechanical movement and the column rises, which can have array structure

一些柔性。 Some flexibility.

[0160] 应当注意到,根据本申请,上述多个步骤能够被增加、删除、修改、替换、重新布置、重复、和/或交迭。 [0160] It should be noted that, according to the present application, a plurality of the above-described steps can be added, deleted, modifications, substitutions, rearranged, repeated, and / or overlap.

[0161] 虽然以上充分描述了特定实施例,但可应用多种变型、替换构造和等同物。 [0161] While the above fully describes particular embodiments, but can be applied to various modifications, alternative constructions, and equivalents thereof. 因此,以上描述和说明不应当被认为是限制本实用新型的范围,本实用新型的范围由所附权利要求确定。 Accordingly, the above description and illustration should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention, the scope of the present invention defined by the appended claims.

Claims (14)

1.一种用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,所述系统包括:垫板,具有顶侧和底侧,所述顶侧与所述底侧之间的厚度为至少2.5mm,所述底侧具有位于所述垫板的中心区域处的突出构件并且具有用于容纳螺母构件的第一开口,所述突出构件被构造成可拆卸地耦接至轨道开口,所述底侧具有至少20cm2的表面面积;夹固构件,具有底座部分、第一臂部分和第二臂部分,所述底座部分具有与所述垫板的所述顶侧接合的底部表面面积,所述底座部分具有与所述垫板的所述第一开口对齐的第二开口,所述第一臂部分与所述垫板的所述顶侧隔开至少5mm的预定距离;第一衬垫构件,位于所述第一臂部分与所述垫板的所述顶侧之间;螺母构件,位于所述第一开口内,所述螺母构件在所述第一开口内不可旋转;以及螺钉构件,可拆卸地耦接至所述螺母构件 1. A system for fixing one or more solar module, wherein, said system comprising: a plate having a top side and a bottom side, a thickness between the top side and the bottom side is at least 2.5mm, the bottom side having a projecting member positioned at the central region of the pad and having a first opening for receiving the nut member, the protruding member is configured to be removably coupled to the track opening, the a bottom side has a surface area of ​​at least 20cm2; a clamping member having a base portion, a first arm portion and a second arm portion, the base portion having a bottom surface area engageable with the top side of said backing plate, said said base portion having a second opening to the first opening aligned with the plate, spaced apart a predetermined distance of at least 5mm and the side portion of the top plate of the first arm; a first pad member, located between the top portion and the side plate of the first arm; nut member positioned within the first opening, the nut member is non-rotatable within the first opening; and a screw member, may be removably coupled to said nut member 并且位于所述第一开口和所述第二开口内。 And located within the first opening and the second opening.
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,进一步包括具有多个轨道的跟踪系统,所述垫板被耦接至所述轨道中的一个。 The system according to claim one or more solar modules secured for the 1, characterized in that, further comprising a tracking system having a plurality of tracks, said backing plate being coupled to one of said track.
3.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,进一步包括用于容纳太阳能模块的角部的T形钩构件。 3. A system according to one or more solar modules secured for the claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising a T-shaped hook member for receiving the corner portion of the solar module.
4.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,所述第一开口为方形以容纳方形的螺母构件。 4. The system of fixing one or more solar modules for the claim 1, wherein said first opening is a rectangular square to receive the nut member.
5.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,所述第一衬垫构件包括橡胶材料。 5. The system of one or more solar modules secured for said claim 1, characterized in that said first liner member comprises a rubber material.
6.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,所述第一衬垫构件被构造成用于固定具有小于IOmm厚度的太阳能模块。 6. The system of one or more solar modules secured for said claim 1, wherein said first cushion is configured to be fixed member having a thickness of less than IOmm solar modules.
7.根据权利要求1所述的用于固定一个或多个太阳能模块的系统,其特征在于,所述一个或多个模块包括聚光构件。 7. A system according to one or more solar modules secured for said claim 1, wherein said one or more modules comprises a condensing member.
8.一种将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,所述系统包括:跟踪设备,具有底座和多个轨道,所述多个轨道按照平坦的平面布置,所述多个轨道包括第一轨道和第二轨道,所述平面能够旋转,垫板,具有顶侧和底侧,所述顶侧与所述底侧之间的厚度为至少2.5mm,所述底侧具有位于所述垫板的中心区域处的突出构件并且具有用于容纳螺母构件的第一开口,所述突出构件被构造成可拆卸地耦接至所述第一轨道,所述底侧具有至少20cm2的表面面积;夹固构件,具有底座部分、第一臂部分和第二臂部分,所述底座部分具有与所述垫板的所述顶侧接合的底部表面面积,所述底座部分具有与所述垫板的所述第一开口对齐的第二开口,所述第一臂部分与所述垫板的所述顶侧隔开至少5mm的预定距离;第一衬垫构件,位于所述第一臂部分与所述垫板的所述顶侧之间;第一 8. A light into electrical system, wherein the system comprises: a tracking device, having a base and a plurality of tracks, said plurality of tracks are arranged according to a flat plane, the plurality of tracks comprises a first and second rails, the plane is rotatable plate having a top side and a bottom side, a thickness between the top side and the bottom side of at least 2.5mm, located on the bottom side of the backing plate having protruding member at the center region and having a first opening for receiving the nut member, the protruding member is configured to be removably coupled to the first rail, said bottom side having a surface area of ​​at least 20cm2; folders solid member having a base portion, a first arm portion and a second arm portion, the base portion having a bottom surface area of ​​the top side of the backing plate engageable with the base portion of said backing plate having a second opening aligned with said first opening, said top side of said plate portion and said first arm is spaced a predetermined distance of at least 5mm; a first spacer member located between the first portion and the arm between the top side of the plate; the first 螺母构件,位于所述第一开口内,所述第一螺母构件在所述第一开口内不可旋转;第一螺钉构件,可拆卸地耦接至所述第一螺母构件并且位于所述第一开口和所述第二开口内;以及多个太阳能模块,包括第一太阳能模块,所述第一太阳能模块通过所述第一衬垫构件固定。 A nut member positioned within the first opening, the first non-rotatable nut member in said first opening; first screw member detachably coupled to said first nut member in the first and the opening and the second opening; and a plurality of solar module comprising a first solar module, the solar module of the first pad through the first fixing member.
9.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,所述多个太阳能模块以交错样式布置。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that said plurality of solar modules are arranged in a staggered pattern.
10.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,进一步包括在所述第一太阳能模块的角部区域处固定所述第一太阳能模块的钩构件。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that it further comprises a hook member fixed to the first solar module in a region at a corner portion of the first solar module.
11.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,所述第一太阳能模块具有至少1.2m2的面积。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that the first solar module having an area of ​​at least 1.2m2.
12.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,进一步包括由底座部分和第三臂部分构成的第二夹固构件。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that, further comprising a second clamping member formed of a base portion and a third arm portion.
13.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,所述第一太阳能模块包括多个聚光构件。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that said first module comprises a plurality of solar concentrator members.
14.根据权利要求8所述的将光转换成电的系统,其特征在于,进一步包括耦接至所述第一轨道的第一钩构件,所述第一钩构件被构造成固定所述第一太阳能模块。 According to claim 8 converts light into an electrical system, characterized in that, further comprising a first hook coupled to the first rail member, said first hook member is configured to be fixed to the first a solar module.
CN 201220462920 2012-05-14 2012-09-11 System fixing solar modules and photoelectric conversion system CN203242643U (en)

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CN105227066A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-06 苏州爱康金属科技有限公司 Photovoltaic generating system waterborne
CN106385226A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 N type double-face solar energy photovoltaic assembly support device
US9935222B1 (en) 2017-03-09 2018-04-03 Flex Ltd. Shingled array solar cells and method of manufacturing solar modules including the same
USD837142S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-01-01 Flex Ltd. Solar module
USD838667S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-01-22 Flex Ltd. Busbar-less solar cell
USD839180S1 (en) 2017-10-31 2019-01-29 Flex Ltd. Busbar-less solar cell
USD839181S1 (en) 2017-11-01 2019-01-29 Flex Ltd. Solar cell
USD855017S1 (en) 2017-10-24 2019-07-30 Flex Ltd. Solar cell
USD855016S1 (en) 2017-10-24 2019-07-30 Flex Ltd. Solar cell
USD856919S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-08-20 Flex Ltd. Solar module

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105227066A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-06 苏州爱康金属科技有限公司 Photovoltaic generating system waterborne
CN106385226A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 N type double-face solar energy photovoltaic assembly support device
US9935222B1 (en) 2017-03-09 2018-04-03 Flex Ltd. Shingled array solar cells and method of manufacturing solar modules including the same
US9935221B1 (en) 2017-03-09 2018-04-03 Flex Ltd. Shingled array solar cells and method of manufacturing solar modules including the same
US10230011B2 (en) 2017-03-09 2019-03-12 Flex Ltd Shingled array solar cells and method of manufacturing solar modules including the same
USD837142S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-01-01 Flex Ltd. Solar module
USD838667S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-01-22 Flex Ltd. Busbar-less solar cell
USD856919S1 (en) 2017-10-16 2019-08-20 Flex Ltd. Solar module
USD855017S1 (en) 2017-10-24 2019-07-30 Flex Ltd. Solar cell
USD855016S1 (en) 2017-10-24 2019-07-30 Flex Ltd. Solar cell
USD839180S1 (en) 2017-10-31 2019-01-29 Flex Ltd. Busbar-less solar cell
USD839181S1 (en) 2017-11-01 2019-01-29 Flex Ltd. Solar cell

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