CN203241827U - Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device - Google Patents

Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203241827U
CN203241827U CN 201320034748 CN201320034748U CN203241827U CN 203241827 U CN203241827 U CN 203241827U CN 201320034748 CN201320034748 CN 201320034748 CN 201320034748 U CN201320034748 U CN 201320034748U CN 203241827 U CN203241827 U CN 203241827U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
longitudinal axis
tracking
angle
axis
transverse axis
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320034748
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白树新
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BEIJING WANYANG TIANLI NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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白树新
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Priority to CN 201320034748 priority Critical patent/CN203241827U/en
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Publication of CN203241827U publication Critical patent/CN203241827U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar power generation double-shaft tracking device. The device comprises light acquisition assembly supports, light intensity and direction signal collectors, longitudinal-shaft variable-angle eccentric rotation arms, horizontal-shaft centrifugal rotation arms, angle correction rings and a tracking control system. Each light acquisition assembly support is arranged on one main column. Each light intensity and direction signal collector is arranged on the upper end of the corresponding light acquisition assembly support. The top of each main column is connected with the corresponding light acquisition assembly support through one corresponding longitudinal-shaft variable-angle eccentric rotation arm and one corresponding horizontal-shaft centrifugal rotation arm. The central part of each main column is fixed on a point where a longitudinal-shaft square-structure steel pipe and a horizontal-shaft square-structure steel pipe intersect. The bottom of each main column is fixed on the ground through a round flange plate. The tracking control system which combines light sensor tracking and time tracking respectively drives a longitudinal-shaft motor and a horizontal-shaft motor to run according to direction signals.

Description

A kind of solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device, especially a kind of photovoltaic double-axis tracking platform.
Background technology
Sun power is as a kind of energy of cleanliness without any pollution, and development prospect is boundless, has become the green energy resource that various countries competitively develop.But sun power exists, and density is low, intermittent, the continuous problem such as variation of direction of illumination and intensity time, traditional solar panel mostly adopts fixed installation, be that cell panel is fixed on certain position, do not move with the variation of position of sun, have a strong impact on photoelectric transformation efficiency.
Solar automatic tracking system can increase the sun power that photovoltaic module receives, and improves daily power and year output power, but higher than fixed system cost, and complex structure.In present practical application, solar tracking system has one-axis system, Twin-shaft machinery tracker and accurate biaxial system.One-axis system can only be followed the tracks of the sun from the east orientation west; Biaxial system is when the sun is followed the tracks of in the east orientation west, and the angle of inclination of solar panels also changes with altitude of the sun, thus accurate tracking position of sun; But existing dual-axis tracking system is difficult to make interlock scheme (a plurality of photovoltaic arrays use cover power drive and a control system) and cost high, complex structure, maintaining difficulty.Although and accurate dual-axis tracking system has the low price advantage of single shaft, the accurate advantage of twin shaft, and can make the interlock scheme, it follows the tracks of angle than the double-axis tracking narrow range, has reduced efficient.There are the problems such as the product systems reliability can not meet the demands, tracking error large, high cost in existing solar tracking system.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has solved the problem that low, the accurate double-axis tracking model of fixed system photoelectric transformation efficiency angle is narrow, the dual-axis tracking system cost is high and complicated.The utility model discloses a kind of concentric matrix form linkage type solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device, the upper surface of light collection assembly support is provided with light intensity and direction signal collector, tracking control system is the combination of optical sensor tracking and time tracking, when fine day, follow the tracks of with sensor, follow the tracks of with timer during the cloudy day (the cloud sun), and two kinds of tracking modes can be switched voluntarily according to weather conditions, and when improving solar energy utilization ratio, system works is more stable.The top of head tree is by longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm is connected with the light collection assembly support, the middle part of head tree is fixed on longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe and the transverse axis square structure steel pipe point of crossing, the bottom is fixed on the circular flange dish of ground, vertical, horizontal square structure steel pipe is divided into vertical, horizontal two kinds, the middle part point of fixity of head tree is vertical, the point of crossing of horizontal square structure steel pipe, vertical, the bottom of horizontal square structure steel pipe point of crossing is fixed on the ground by ring flange, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, on the two ends of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm pivot arm wire rope is set and is connected to longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe along the angle modification ring, be connected to driving chain after on the pulley of transverse axis square structure steel pipe, driving chain is connected to respectively vertical, on the horizontal square structure steel pipe final gear, form the closed loop gear train, so that the light collection assembly support is with head tree, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm pivot arm and angle modification ring, wire rope forms the mode of four limit wire rope inclined-pulling anchorings centered by head tree to strengthen the wind resistance of tracking platform, anti-boisterous ability.
Solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device of the present utility model, it is characterized in that, described device comprises the light collection assembly support, light intensity and direction signal collector, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm pivot arm, angle modification ring, longitudinal and transverse square structure steel pipe, and tracking control system; Described light collection assembly support is installed on the head tree, and the upper end of light collection assembly support arranges light intensity and direction signal collector; The top of head tree is by longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm is connected with the light collection assembly support, the middle part of head tree is fixed on longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe and the transverse axis square structure steel pipe point of crossing, and the bottom of head tree is fixed on the ground by ring flange; Tracking control system is the combination of optical sensor tracking and time tracking, and it drives respectively longitudinal axis motor and transverse axis motor operation according to direction signal.At described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, be connected to driving chain after arranging on wire rope is connected to longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe, transverse axis square structure steel pipe along the angle modification ring the pulley on the two ends of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm, driving chain is connected to respectively on the transmission gear of longitudinal and transverse square structure steel pipe end, forms the closed loop gear train.Described longitudinal axis transmission gear and cross shaft driving gear are installed in respectively on longitudinal axis transmission shaft and the cross shaft driving axle, longitudinal axis transmission shaft and cross shaft driving axle are connected on the longitudinal axis and the transverse axis speed reduction unit, longitudinal axis driving chain and cross shaft driving chain draw the light collection assembly support with angle eccentric rotary arm with wire rope, and transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm passes centered by the straight line joining of head tree along with the solar direction motion.Described longitudinal axis motor and transverse axis motor connect respectively longitudinal deceleration device and transverse axis speed reduction unit and longitudinal axis transmission gear and cross shaft driving gear and turn round according to solar direction with the control tracking means.The wire rope distance error of position angle generations different from elevation angle when described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, the lower end of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm arrange the angle modification ring with the rotation of correction light collection assembly support.Described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm two ends arrange bearing, can slide along light collection assembly support frame the position angle differential seat angles that with longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm produce different from elevation angle when rotating to revise the light collection assembly support.
Key of the present utility model is to have used longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm pivot arm, the light collection assembly support of angle modification ring and the running take it as fulcrum, on wire rope/pulley system, the light collection assembly support can only be along longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm pivot arm is done the longitudinal axis and transverse movement, other have been overcome with similar oscillating bearing, returning speed reduction unit is the tracking platform east of rotating fulcrum, the west is to can not accurately controlling, vacillate now to the left, now to the right poor with wind loading rating, flimsy shortcoming, rectangle square tube array also can be varying sized according to landform and installation environment when strengthening structural strength in length and breadth for it, enlarge usable range, utilize lever/pulley principle, utilize wire rope held concurrently traction and the effect of anchoring, tracking means is had simple in structure, the transmission resistance is little, good economy performance, power consumption own is little, easily installation and maintenance, fitting limit is not limited by landform and installation environment, structural strength is high, the advantages such as wind resistance is strong.
The beneficial effect of the invention:
Cost is low: utilize lever, pulley, wire rope to consist of gear train, the mechanical transmission components such as the used electric pushrod of traditional tracking platform, worm and gear, rotary reducer, round turntable have been save, the most of standard component that adopts of main parts size has greatly reduced production and processing cost.
Low energy consumption: thus utilize lever/pulley principle to make the transmission resistance reduce to the minimum at utmost power consumption of minimizing of system that makes own.
Modular design: can increase or reduce the local light photovoltaic assembly to change geometric configuration according to ground landform and environment are installed, enlarge the range of application of photovoltaic plant and improve the land use rate, its rectangle net trellis array steel construction can realize easily that power generation industries combines with farming and animal husbandry after increasing height and changing array sizes.
Stability Analysis of Structures: the acquisition component support is with longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm and angle modification ring, wire rope and in length and breadth truss Steel Structure form the mode of four limit wire rope inclined-pulling anchorings centered by head tree, strengthen the ability of system's wind resistance and anti-inclement weather impact.
Easily installation and maintenance: whole system by wire rope, pulley, bearing, chain, gear, motor, speed reduction unit, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm, angle modification ring, light collector support, ring flange and in length and breadth on the rectangular steel tube three parts form, so its installation, debugging, operation maintenance are simple and convenient.
Convenient transportation: its primary structural component is the rectangle of rule, and convenient transportation reduces transportation cost.
The long recovery utilization rate of operation life is high: member all is the hot-galvanized steel structure, and intensity is high, corrosion-resistant, and the equipment recovery utilization rate is high.
Harmless to the soil: system is made of rectangle steel array of structures and lower margin ring flange, and the cement-free member is harmless to the soil.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device
Fig. 2 is the sectional structural map of the longitudinal axis of the utility model solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device
Fig. 3 is the sectional structural map of the transverse axis of the utility model solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device
Fig. 4 is vertical view of the present utility model
Wherein:
1, bearing 2, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm 3, lateral angles conditioning ring 4, head tree pulley 5, wire rope 6, square structure steel pipe pulley 7, head tree 8, ring flange 9, cross shaft driving chain 10, transverse axis square structure steel pipe 11, transverse axis motor 12, transverse axis speed reduction unit 13, cross shaft driving gear 14, light intensity and direction sensing controller 15, light collection assembly support 16, tensioning adjusting screw(rod) 17, tensioning setting nut 18, slide opening 19 is regulated in the bar shaped tensioning, cross shaft driving axle 20, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm 21, longitudinal axis angle modification ring 22, longitudinal axis driving chain 23, longitudinal axis transmission gear 24, longitudinal axis transmission shaft 25, longitudinal axis motor 26, longitudinal deceleration device 27, longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe 28, the angle modification bearing
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model further is illustrated.
The light intensity of light collection assembly support 15 upper ends and direction sensing controller 14 form thing and the north and south (longitudinal axis according to sun motion track, transverse axis) both direction signal, tracking control system drives respectively longitudinal axis motor 25 and 11 runnings of transverse axis motor according to direction signal, the top of head tree 7 is by longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm 20, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm 2 is connected with light collection assembly support 15, the middle part of head tree 7 is fixed on longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe 27 and transverse axis square structure steel pipe 10 point of crossing, and the bottom of head tree 7 is fixed on the ground by ring flange 8; At described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm 20, wire rope 5 is set along longitudinal axis angle modification ring 21 on the two ends of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm 2, lateral angles conditioning ring 3 is connected on longitudinal axis driving chain 22 and the cross shaft driving chain 9 be connected on the square structure steel pipe pulley 6 of longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe 27 and transverse axis square structure steel pipe 10 by head tree pulley 4 after, longitudinal axis driving chain 22 and cross shaft driving chain 9 are connected to respectively on longitudinal axis transmission gear 23 and the cross shaft driving gear 13, longitudinal axis transmission gear 23 and cross shaft driving gear 13 are installed on longitudinal axis transmission shaft 24 and the cross shaft driving axle 19, longitudinal axis transmission shaft 24 and cross shaft driving axle 19 are connected on longitudinal deceleration device 26 and the transverse axis speed reduction unit 12 by longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe 27 and transverse axis square structure steel pipe 10, form the closed loop gear train.Described longitudinal axis transmission gear 23 and cross shaft driving gear 13 are installed in respectively on longitudinal axis transmission shaft 24 and the cross shaft driving axle 19, longitudinal axis transmission shaft 24 and cross shaft driving axle 19 are connected on longitudinal deceleration device 26 and the transverse axis speed reduction unit 12, and longitudinal axis driving chain 22 and cross shaft driving chain 9 draw light collection assembly support 15 with wire rope 5 and pass by longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm 20 and transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm 2 centered by the straight line joining of head tree 7 along with the solar direction motion.Described longitudinal axis motor 25 is connected with the transverse axis motor and is connected respectively longitudinal deceleration device 26 and transverse axis speed reduction unit 12 and turn round according to solar direction with the control tracking means, and controller will be controlled the tracking means correcting action after the sun sets.

Claims (7)

1. a solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device is characterized in that, described device comprises the light collection assembly support, light intensity and direction signal collector, longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm, angle modification ring, and tracking control system; Described light collection assembly support is installed on the head tree, and the upper end of this light collection assembly support arranges light intensity and direction signal collector; The top of this head tree is by longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm is connected with the light collection assembly support, the middle part of this head tree is fixed on longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe and the transverse axis square structure steel pipe point of crossing, and the bottom of this head tree is fixed on the ring flange of ground; Described tracking control system is the combination of optical sensor tracking and time tracking, and it drives respectively longitudinal axis motor and transverse axis motor operation according to direction signal.
2. described solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that at described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, the two ends of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm are connected to longitudinal axis driving chain and cross shaft driving chain after adopting wire rope to be connected on the pulley of longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe, transverse axis square structure steel pipe along the angle modification ring, this driving chain is connected to respectively on longitudinal axis transmission gear and the cross shaft driving gear, forms the closed loop gear train.
3. described solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described longitudinal axis transmission gear and cross shaft driving gear are installed in respectively on longitudinal deceleration device and the transverse axis speed reduction unit, longitudinal axis driving chain and cross shaft driving chain draw the light collection assembly support with angle eccentric rotary arm with wire rope, and transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm passes centered by the straight line joining of head tree along with the solar motion direction is rotated.
4. described solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, wire rope is set on the two ends of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm is connected on the pulley of longitudinal axis square structure steel pipe and transverse axis square structure steel pipe along the angle modification ring.
5. described solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm, the wire rope distance error of position angle generations different from elevation angle when the lower end of transverse axis centrifugal rotary pivoted arm arranges the angle modification ring with the rotation of correction light collection assembly support.
6. described solar electrical energy generation twin shaft light power-generating tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm two ends arrange bearing, can slide along light collection assembly support frame the position angle differential seat angles that with longitudinal axis angle eccentric rotary arm produce different from elevation angle when rotating to revise the light collection assembly support.
7. described solar electrical energy generation double-axis tracking device according to claim 3 is characterized in that described longitudinal axis motor and transverse axis motor connect respectively longitudinal deceleration device and transverse axis speed reduction unit and longitudinal axis transmission gear and cross shaft driving gear and turn round to solar direction with the control tracking means.
CN 201320034748 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device Expired - Fee Related CN203241827U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320034748 CN203241827U (en) 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320034748 CN203241827U (en) 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203241827U true CN203241827U (en) 2013-10-16

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103163891A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-06-19 白树新 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device
CN105811869A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 程继高 Flexible driving apparatus for all-terrain-matched linkage tracking photovoltaic bracket

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103163891A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-06-19 白树新 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device
CN105811869A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 程继高 Flexible driving apparatus for all-terrain-matched linkage tracking photovoltaic bracket
CN105811869B (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-03-19 安徽含羞草智能科技有限公司 Full terrain match linkage tracking photovoltaic bracket flexible drive device

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Legal Events

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: BEIJING WANYANG TIANLI NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO.,

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: BAI SHUXIN

Effective date: 20140604

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140604

Address after: 100192 Beijing city of Fort Shuangquan Haidian District No. 125 Zhuxi Park 40

Patentee after: BEIJING WANYANG TIANLI NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 100192 Beijing city of Fort Shuangquan Haidian District No. 125 Zhuxi Park 40

Patentee before: Bai Shuxin

Effective date of registration: 20140604

Address after: 100192 Beijing city of Fort Shuangquan Haidian District No. 125 Zhuxi Park 40

Patentee after: BEIJING WANYANG TIANLI NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 100192 Beijing city of Fort Shuangquan Haidian District No. 125 Zhuxi Park 40

Patentee before: Bai Shuxin

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131016

Termination date: 20190123

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee