CN203239648U - Water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device - Google Patents

Water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203239648U
CN203239648U CN201320224475XU CN201320224475U CN203239648U CN 203239648 U CN203239648 U CN 203239648U CN 201320224475X U CN201320224475X U CN 201320224475XU CN 201320224475 U CN201320224475 U CN 201320224475U CN 203239648 U CN203239648 U CN 203239648U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
box
valve
pressure
head difference
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320224475XU
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Chinese (zh)
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杨海军
常家东
赵建树
戴建广
孙启鹏
许艺萍
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Abstract

A water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device comprises a water source box, a pressure conversion box, a water feeding box, a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe, a compressed air pipe, a communicating pipe and a lifting pipe. The water feeding box and the pressure conversion box are airtight box bodies. The distance between the water source box and the ground is the same as the distance between the water feeding box and the ground, and the water source box and the water feeding box are arranged above the pressure conversion box. The water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device is free of rotary mechanical equipment, water head difference of high-level water is utilized and converted into pressure energy of air, then the pressure energy of the air is utilized to raise the water to a high position, the water can be conveyed to target places, the whole process is intelligently controlled by a single-chip microcomputer, and the water can be raised to a certain height without the need of extra power. Electric energy needed by a control circuit is supplied by a solar panel, so the water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device is saving in energy and high in intellectualized degree.

Description

Head difference pressure is changed continuous picotan
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of picotan, specifically be the device that the utilized head differential pressure is carried out continuous water lift.
Background technique
Since reform and opening-up, due to the stable fast development of China's economy, to the also increase day by day of demand of the energy.Now deficiency and the shortage problem of the energy significantly show, and the further raising of expanding economy and living standards of the people is had to sizable restrictive function.The economic fast and stable of China is developed sustainably, just must resolve the problem of the energy.
Water resources is one of important resource, and China's water resources is abundanter, be also simultaneously the country of water resources relative shortage per capita, and distributed pole is inhomogeneous.It is generating that the water large for head fall, that flow is large can utilize technology, but the water smaller to head fall, that flow is little can seldom be utilized.Under the situation of the general shortage of current China energy, how green, energy-conservation, as to utilize cheaply water self energy rises to certain altitude by water extraction or is transported to the distant place irrigate crops, meets the basic water demand of resident etc. and become an important problem.
Current irrigation rig is mainly irrigated by solar energy, driven by wind power generation pumping for water pump.And be the potential energy by water with water-energy generating electricity, water level is higher, and potential energy is larger, and generated energy is larger.And water level is larger, the cost of storing facilities of water is just more expensive, and high water level easily causes natural disaster.
The model utility content
The utility model provides a kind of new technology of utilizing water can carry out water lift for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the machinery that there is no rotation, utilize the head difference of high-order water to convert the pressure energy of gas to, with the pressure energy of gas, water extraction is raised to eminence again, water is transported to the place needed, whole process is controlled by Intelligent Single-Chip Based, do not need extra power just water extraction can be risen to certain altitude, the required electric energy of control circuit is provided by solar panel, green energy conservation, and intelligent degree is high.
The utility model is that the technological scheme that the deficiency that solves the problems of the technologies described above adopts is: head difference pressure is changed continuous picotan, comprise water tank, the pressure cross box, upper water box, intake pipe, sewer, air pipe, connecting tube and lifting pipe, upper water box and pressure cross box are airtight casing, water tank is identical apart from the height on ground with upper water box, and be arranged on the top of pressure cross box, the water intake of water tank and intake pipe water outlet are corresponding to be arranged, the water outlet of water tank is communicated with the water intake of pressure cross box by sewer, the air outlet of pressure cross box end face is communicated with by the suction port of air pipe and upper water box end face, the water outlet of upper water box bottom surface was communicated with sewer by connecting tube, one end of lifting pipe is arranged in upper water box.
The water outlet of pressure cross box described in the utility model is communicated with waste pipe, is provided with discharging valve on waste pipe.
The end face of upper water box described in the utility model is provided with exhaust tube, is provided with bleed valve on exhaust tube.
Picotan described in the utility model also is provided with control system.
Control system described in the utility model comprises single-chip microcomputer, the power supply be connected with single-chip microcomputer, the start button be connected with the single-chip microcomputer input end, stop button, the upper water box limit sensors, the water tank limit sensors, pressure cross box sensor and pressure cross box limit sensors, the water tank inlet valve be connected with the single-chip microcomputer output terminal, the upper water box inlet valve, lower water valve, pressure valve, bleed valve, outlet valve and discharging valve, the upper water box limit sensors is arranged on the inner top surface of upper water box, the water tank limit sensors is arranged on the inwall of water tank, pressure cross box sensor setting is on the inner top surface of pressure cross box, pressure cross box limit sensors is arranged on the inner bottom surface of pressure cross box, the water tank inlet valve is arranged on intake pipe, the upper water box inlet valve was arranged on connecting tube, lower water valve is arranged on sewer, pressure valve is arranged on air pipe, outlet valve is arranged on lifting pipe.
Power supply described in the utility model is solar panel.
Water tank inlet valve described in the utility model, upper water box inlet valve, lower water valve, pressure valve, bleed valve, outlet valve and discharging valve are solenoid valve.
Pressure cross box described in the utility model is provided with two, in the water inlet of pressure cross box, is provided with inlet valve, and inlet valve is connected with the output terminal of single-chip microcomputer.
Inlet valve described in the utility model is solenoid valve.
The utility model beneficial effect is:
1, head fall is on the low side and be not suitable for using on the rivers section of turbine pump, just the utilized head differential pressure conversion proper place of picotan.Can be used for the irrigation of the regional crops such as mountain region, hills, fruit tree.Head difference pressure conversion picotan power saving rate reaches more than 91%, and can not cause geological disaster.It is can utilize supplementing of method to traditional water, and the method that people can be utilized water is more complete, to water, can utilize more abundant more comprehensively.
2, head difference pressure conversion picotan is cheap, power saving rate is high; there is no rotatable parts, mainly be comprised of container, pipeline, power supply system and control gate valve, in working procedure, noise free discharges without waste gas and waste liquid; be the water lift technology of very environmental protection, realize continuous water supply.
3, whole process is utilized Single-chip Controlling, and control circuit is powered by solar panel, more intelligent environment protection.
reference character
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
The structural representation that Fig. 2 is embodiment 1 of the present utility model;
The schematic diagram that Fig. 3 is control system of the present utility model;
In figure: 1, water tank, 2, the pressure cross box, 201, pressure cross box B, 3, upper water box, 301, upper water box B, 4, intake pipe, 5, sewer, 6, air pipe, 7, connecting tube, 8, lifting pipe, 9, waste pipe, 10, discharging valve, 101, discharging valve B, 11, exhaust tube, 111, exhaust tube B, 12, bleed valve, 121, bleed valve B, 13, single-chip microcomputer, 14, power supply, 15, start button, 16, stop button, 17, the upper water box limit sensors, 171, upper water box limit sensors B, 18, the water tank limit sensors, 19, pressure cross box sensor, 191, pressure cross box sensor B, 20, the water tank inlet valve, 21, the upper water box inlet valve, 211, upper water box inlet valve B, 22, lower water valve, 23, pressure valve, 231, pressure valve B, 24, outlet valve, 241, outlet valve B, 25, pressure cross box inlet valve, 251, pressure cross box inlet valve B, 26, pressure cross box limit sensors, 261, pressure cross box limit sensors B, 27, irrigated land.
embodiment
As shown in the figure, head difference pressure is changed continuous picotan, comprise water tank 1, pressure cross box 2, upper water box 3, intake pipe 4, sewer 5, air pipe 6, connecting tube 7 and lifting pipe 8, upper water box 3 and pressure cross box 2 are airtight casing, water tank 1 is identical apart from the height on ground with upper water box 3, and be arranged on the top of pressure cross box 2, the water intake of water tank 1 and the corresponding setting of intake pipe 4 water outlets, the water outlet of water tank 1 is communicated with the water intake of pressure cross box 2 by sewer 5, the air outlet of pressure cross box 2 end faces is communicated with by the suction port of air pipe 6 and upper water box 3 end faces, the water outlet of upper water box 3 bottom surfaces is by being communicated with sewer 5 connecting tube 7, one end of lifting pipe 8 is arranged in upper water box 3.
The water outlet of described pressure cross box 2 is communicated with waste pipe 9, is provided with discharging valve 10 on waste pipe 9.
The end face of described upper water box 3 is provided with exhaust tube 11, is provided with bleed valve 12 on exhaust tube 11.
Described picotan also is provided with control system.
Described control system comprises single-chip microcomputer 13, the power supply 14 be connected with single-chip microcomputer 13, the start button 15 be connected with single-chip microcomputer 13 input ends, stop button 16, upper water box limit sensors 17, water tank limit sensors 18, pressure cross box sensor 19 and pressure cross box limit sensors 26, the water tank inlet valve 20 be connected with single-chip microcomputer 13 output terminals, upper water box inlet valve 21, lower water valve 22, pressure valve 23, bleed valve 12, outlet valve 24 and discharging valve 10, upper water box limit sensors 17 is arranged on the inner top surface of upper water box 3, water tank limit sensors 18 is arranged on the inwall of water tank 1, pressure cross box sensor 19 is arranged on the inner top surface of pressure cross box 2, pressure cross box limit sensors 26 is arranged on the inner bottom surface of pressure cross box 2, water tank inlet valve 20 is arranged on intake pipe 4, upper water box inlet valve 21 was arranged on connecting tube 7, lower water valve 22 is arranged on sewer 5, pressure valve 23 is arranged on air pipe 6, and outlet valve 24 is arranged on lifting pipe 8.
Described power supply 14 is solar panel.
Described water tank inlet valve 20, upper water box inlet valve 21, lower water valve 22, pressure valve 23, bleed valve 12, outlet valve 24 and discharging valve 10 are solenoid valve.
Described pressure cross box 2 is provided with two, in the water inlet of pressure cross box 2, is provided with inlet valve 25, and inlet valve 25 is connected with the output terminal of single-chip microcomputer 13.
Described inlet valve 25 is solenoid valve.
As shown in the figure, head difference is decided to be H underrice, maximum is pumped up water and highly is decided to be H onrice.Upper water box and pressure cross box are airtight water tank, only with pipeline, communicate.
According to fluid mechanics principle:
P awater .h under
P b=P agas .h=γ water .h on
So γ water .h onwater .h undergas .h
In formula,
Figure 201320224475X100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
the pressure at A, B two places.γ water, γ gasthe severe of water and air.
H underbe head fall, be called for short head difference.H onit is the height that pumps up water.H is gas height in pipe, is called for short gas column high.
By γ gasin very little, by γ gas .h ignores.
γ water .h onwater .h underbe H on=H under
Height and the head fall of pumping up water in other words is equal, and pumping up water here is highly that maximum is pumped up water highly.Pumping up water below peak C, an aperture is opened at any position of lifting pipe, and water will flow out.In the process flowed out at water, water in water tank flows to the pressure cross box constantly, and compressed air flow upper water box in the pressure cross box, hydraulic pressure in upper water box is entered to lifting pipe to be flowed out, until the air in the pressure cross box is all drained, from the process of the outside flowing water of lifting pipe aperture, just slowly stop.The pressure conversion water lift principle of Here it is hydraulic pressure gas, Pneumatic water.
Embodiment 1
This control system needs altogether 9 input points, 14 output points, and totally 23 I/O points, therefore can adopt the ATmega16 of AVR company single-chip microcomputer as main control unit, and it has 32 controlled input/output points, powerful, and low price is reliable and stable.This single-chip microcomputer can be used C Programming with Pascal Language, flexibility and reliability.
Adopt the two-cylinder type water lift, adopt two pressure cross boxs and two upper water boxs, two pressure cross boxs supply water by water tank, a upper water box of the corresponding connection of each pressure cross box, and two-cylinder type water lift step is as follows:
1) after pressing start button, open bleed valve, bleed valve B, after crossing l s, water tank inlet valve and upper water box inlet valve, upper water box inlet valve B open, and upper water box, upper water box B and water tank become connecting vessels, and water flows in three each and every one containers.When upper water box limit sensors B switch and pressure cross box sensor B become ON, water tank inlet valve, upper water box inlet valve, upper water box inlet valve B, bleed valve and bleed valve B close.
2) after crossing l s, lower water valve is opened, and then after l s, pressure cross box inlet valve is opened, and the water in water tank enters air pressure cross box compression there along sewer.
3) after crossing 10s, pressure valve, outlet valve and water tank inlet valve are opened, and open the water tank inlet valve and keep stable head difference, and lifting pipe will there are flowing out very soon.This process is converted to the gravitational potential energy of water the pressure energy of gas.
4) after 140s continues to pump up water, the water that pressure cross box sensor becomes in ON while upper water box will arrive lower limit, and pressure cross box inlet valve B opens.
5) after crossing 10s, open pressure valve B and outlet valve B, closing pressure cross box inlet valve and outlet valve, now upper water box B and pressure cross box B carry out work, and upper water box and pressure cross box quit work, and lifting pipe continues flowing water.
When 6) the 5th step is carried out, the upper water box inlet valve is opened, and upper water box carries out moisturizing to be prepared for circulation next time, and discharging valve and pressure valve are opened, and when the upper water box limit sensors becomes ON, the upper water box inlet valve is closed; When pressure cross box limit sensors becomes ON, after 2s, the emptying of pressure cross box, discharging valve, pressure valve, bleed valve B close.
Same reason upper water box 1 is emptying, pressure cross box sensor B is while becoming ON, starts again the operation of next cycle, and step is with above-mentioned step.Realize thus the two-cylinder type water lift.

Claims (9)

1. head difference pressure is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: comprise water tank (1), pressure cross box (2), upper water box (3), intake pipe (4), sewer (5), air pipe (6), connecting tube (7) and lifting pipe (8), upper water box (3) and pressure cross box (2) are airtight casing, water tank (1) is identical apart from the height on ground with upper water box (3), and be arranged on the top of pressure cross box (2), the water intake of water tank (1) and intake pipe (4) water outlet are corresponding to be arranged, the water outlet of water tank (1) is communicated with the water intake of pressure cross box (2) by sewer (5), the air outlet of pressure cross box (2) end face is communicated with by the suction port of air pipe (6) and upper water box (3) end face, the water outlet of upper water box (3) bottom surface is by being communicated with sewer (5) connecting tube (7), one end of lifting pipe (8) is arranged in upper water box (3).
2. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 1 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: the water outlet of described pressure cross box (2) is communicated with waste pipe (9), is provided with discharging valve (10) on waste pipe (9).
3. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 1 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: the end face of described upper water box (3) is provided with exhaust tube (11), is provided with bleed valve (12) on exhaust tube (11).
4. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 1 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described picotan also is provided with control system.
5. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 4 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described control system comprises single-chip microcomputer (13), the power supply (14) be connected with single-chip microcomputer (13), the start button (15) be connected with single-chip microcomputer (13) input end, stop button (16), upper water box limit sensors (17), water tank limit sensors (18), pressure cross box sensor (19) and pressure cross box limit sensors (26), the water tank inlet valve (20) be connected with single-chip microcomputer (13) output terminal, upper water box inlet valve (21), lower water valve (22), pressure valve (23), bleed valve (12), outlet valve (24) and discharging valve (10), upper water box limit sensors (17) is arranged on the inner top surface of upper water box (3), water tank limit sensors (18) is arranged on the inwall of water tank (1), pressure cross box sensor (19) is arranged on the inner top surface of pressure cross box (2), pressure cross box limit sensors (26) is arranged on the inner bottom surface of pressure cross box (2), water tank inlet valve (20) is arranged on intake pipe (4), upper water box inlet valve (21) was arranged on connecting tube (7), lower water valve (22) is arranged on sewer (5), pressure valve (23) is arranged on air pipe (6), outlet valve (24) is arranged on lifting pipe (8).
6. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 5 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described power supply (14) is solar panel.
7. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 5 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described water tank inlet valve (20), upper water box inlet valve (21), lower water valve (22), pressure valve (23), bleed valve (12), outlet valve (24) and discharging valve (10) are solenoid valve.
8. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 1 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described pressure cross box (2) is provided with two, be provided with inlet valve (25) in the water inlet of pressure cross box (2), inlet valve (25) is connected with the output terminal of single-chip microcomputer (13).
9. head difference pressure as claimed in claim 8 is changed continuous picotan, it is characterized in that: described inlet valve (25) is solenoid valve.
CN201320224475XU 2013-04-28 2013-04-28 Water head difference pressure conversion continuous water lifting device Expired - Fee Related CN203239648U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105401553A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-16 成都广雄科技有限公司 Continuous water pumping system and water pumping method thereof
CN105465054A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-06 温锡钦 Device capable of improving fluid pressure intensity or height
WO2017173677A1 (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-10-12 陈爱月 Integrated fluid energy enlargement and regeneration device
JP2018189052A (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-29 学校法人幾徳学園 Liquid transport system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105401553A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-16 成都广雄科技有限公司 Continuous water pumping system and water pumping method thereof
CN105465054A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-06 温锡钦 Device capable of improving fluid pressure intensity or height
WO2017173677A1 (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-10-12 陈爱月 Integrated fluid energy enlargement and regeneration device
JP2018189052A (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-29 学校法人幾徳学園 Liquid transport system

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Granted publication date: 20131016

Termination date: 20140428