CN203238864U - Device used for fixing piece-shaped elements - Google Patents

Device used for fixing piece-shaped elements Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203238864U
CN203238864U CN2012204300459U CN201220430045U CN203238864U CN 203238864 U CN203238864 U CN 203238864U CN 2012204300459 U CN2012204300459 U CN 2012204300459U CN 201220430045 U CN201220430045 U CN 201220430045U CN 203238864 U CN203238864 U CN 203238864U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
toothed
frame
linkage
chip component
another
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012204300459U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗兰·拉法·彼得
海因里希·希欧多尔·布泽曼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LINEA PRONTO
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LINEA PRONTO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202011109727U priority Critical patent/DE202011109727U1/en
Priority to DE2020111097270 priority
Application filed by LINEA PRONTO filed Critical LINEA PRONTO
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203238864U publication Critical patent/CN203238864U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/67Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for coupling adjacent modules or their peripheral frames
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S2020/10Solar modules layout; Modular arrangements
    • F24S2020/13Overlaying arrangements similar to roof tiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/80Special profiles
    • F24S2025/801Special profiles having hollow parts with closed cross-section
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a device used for fixing piece-shaped elements. The device comprises a plurality of the piece-shaped elements. Each piece-shaped element is provided with a frame-type element which is partially surrounded at least. Each frame-type element comprises at least one first tooth-shaped element and at least one second tooth-shaped element. The frame-type elements are arranged on opposite transverse sides of the piece-shaped elements. At least one fixing device arranged on the frame-type elements is correspondingly constructed to be connected with at least one fixing section bar matched with the fixing device in shape, wherein the fixing section bar is arranged on a building or a building part. The area of the upper side of each first tooth-shaped element is provided with at least one first connecting device, and the area of the lower side of each second tooth-shaped element is provided with at least one second connecting device. The first connecting devices and the second connecting devices respectively connect one of the frame-type elements with another one of the frame-type elements by means of shape match under the circumstance that one of the tooth-shaped elements in the frame-type elements and one of the tooth-shaped elements in other frame-type elements coincide partially.

Description

A kind of device for the stator linear element
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of device for the stator linear element.
Background technology
The utility model relates to a kind of device for the stator linear element, comprise a plurality of chip components, wherein, in described chip component each is mounted to the frame element that small part is surrounded, and each in the frame element comprises at least one first toothed element and at least one second toothed element, and described the first toothed element is placed on the relative horizontal edge of each chip component with described the second toothed element; And at least one is placed in the fastening devices on the described frame element, and described fastening devices correspondingly is configured to consist of with at least one is placed in being connected of form fit on the fixedly section bar of building or building components.
Such device especially is applied to cover deck.Yet in principle, said apparatus also is suitable for decorative constructure or building components, and for example, the stator linear element is as the decoration of metope.In particular, solar energy module is used as chip component.For example by the known such solar energy module fixed system of WO2009/092401A2.Solar energy module is provided with conjugate profiles (Gegenprofil), and by means of this conjugate profiles, solar energy module can be packed into and is placed in support section bar (Tragprofil) on the roof.For this reason, the solar energy module that at first will be provided with conjugate profiles places and supports on the section bar, and promotes this solar energy module subsequently in the plane parallel with deck, until the anchoring flange of conjugate profiles overlap joint is to the strip dog that supports section bar.
Shortcoming is: support section bar for solar energy module is packed into and can again pull down from supporting on the section bar where necessary, must remain with minimum spacing between the solar energy module.Owing to the gap between the solar energy module that produces because of the reservation minimum spacing; for example rainwater can unhinderedly infiltrate; thereby so that only can be applied to the roof arrangement of solar energy module by the known device of above-mentioned document; because in order to protect the impact of the rainwater that polycrystalline substance avoids infiltrating, the roof that the face below the solar energy module must be provided with waterproof hides.In order to stop the infiltration of water, must be in the gap between the sealed solar energy module after the assembling.This on the one hand can produce high mounting cost, can cause on the other hand: if change that single solar energy module-this is possible fully-just must remove and seal and then realize new sealing.
The utility model content
Therefore, task of the present utility model is to provide a kind of device for the stator linear element, and it stops water and/or foul to infiltrate between the chip component reliably, and has simultaneously less assembling and cost of dismantling.
The device of the feature of mentioning when beginning by having solves this task in the following manner, that is: has at least one first linkage in each zone above that in the first toothed element, and each in the second toothed element has at least one second linkage in the zone of its bottom, wherein, described first be connected the second linkage be set up be connected in the described toothed element of a frame element one the described toothed element with another frame element in an at least part of overlapping situation under by means of form fit respectively with one in the described frame element with described frame element in another is connected at least.This provides following advantage: chip component with affiliated frame by the overlapping arrangement in tile ground, so that for example rainwater can flow away by the surface of chip component.Can avoid reliably like this infiltration of water.Therefore, the building components (such as the room rafter of pitched roof) that is no longer necessary under the chip component arranges independent waterproof covering.On the contrary, by having realized first according to device of the present utility model, chip component as hiding and/or shadowing elements directly is placed on the building components or is mounted to building components, for example is placed on the room rafter.In other words, consist of the external surface of corresponding building according to the chip component self of the utility model arrangement, for example: chip component is placed on the roof polycrystalline substance with the form that the roof hides, and perhaps chip component is mounted to skin with the form of metope element.By this way, it is possible for example hiding whole deck with chip component.Therefore, preferably, the utility model is suitable for hiding whole roof, for example with italian roof or the sharp roof in ditch and lucarne zone.All the time the simple assembly and disassembly of chip component have been guaranteed simultaneously.By means of each the first and second linkage, can interconnect and again disassemble in case of necessity in very simple mode the chip component of the frame element under comprising.Another advantage is: the connection between the frame element has allowed the circulation of air of chip component, thereby can come dry may the existence at water condensation or that get damp on the back side of the chip component of building by existing ventilation.With related another advantage that especially provided with the application of the chip component of solar energy modular form.Because of the circulation of air of the best that is provided by the utility model, will consider all the time and cool off preferably solar energy module.By this way, solar energy module can be with very high efficient operation, because under any circumstance avoided reducing owing to the rising of running temperature the electrical efficiency of solar energy module.
Of the present utility model one targetedly design scheme be characterised in that the frame element has other a plurality of toothed elements, wherein, other a plurality of toothed elements are placed in respectively on the relative longitudinal edge of described chip component.By means of other a plurality of toothed elements, each in the described chip component has a frame element that surrounds fully, thereby so that maintained described each chip component and therefore guaranteed that reliably it can not slide by all limits.In addition, described each chip component is connected with the described toothed element of described frame all sidedly, thereby avoids reliably water to infiltrate transitional region between described each chip component and the affiliated frame element.Further, guaranteed reliably by this way described chip component do not expect come off, especially based on the coming off of causing by wind-induced effect of impact.
A preferred improvement project of the present utility model is characterised in that described toothed element is constructed to hollow profile.Therefore by this way, can either be down to the specific weight of single toothed element minimum and can the gross weight of whole device be down to minimumly, can be down to minimum with making the required material of toothed element again.The weight of light as far as possible toothed element is conducive to further the tractability of toothed element and has simplified assembly and disassembly.
According to another preferred version of the present utility model, described toothed element has the receiving area groove shape and that at least basically construct corresponding to the cross section of described chip component, receives the fringe region of described each chip component in order to form fit ground and/or interference fit ground.By means of described receiving area, described toothed element can be inserted to the fringe region of described each chip component and therefore be connected very simply with it.Therefore, for fixing described chip component, no longer need in principle other parts, because described each toothed element form fit ground and/or interference fit ground are reliably remained in the receiving area of correspondingly constructing.
Of the present utility model another targetedly design scheme be characterised in that described the first linkage comprises the first connection profile, its described region shape with the top of described the first toothed element is connected matchingly.By this way, general basic toothed element can either be used for described the first toothed element, also can be used in described the second toothed element.Be placed in to described linkage form fit described the first toothed element the top described zone and be connected with it, described linkage has preferably consisted of described the first toothed element with described basic toothed element.
According to another preferred embodiment, described the first connection profile also comprises the first groove of the first groove shape that is made of free arm, and described the second linkage comprises the second groove of the groove shape that is made of the second free arm, wherein, described the first free arm is engaged to described the second groove with being configured and being set to form fit, and described the second free arm is engaged to described the first groove with being configured and being set to form fit.This provides following advantage, namely realizes engagement by the second free arm that belongs to described frame element and the first groove that belongs to described another frame element, and described frame element can interconnect in very simple mode.Realize in a similar manner the engagement of the form fit of above-mentioned the first free arm and described the second groove.Preferably, when oblique deck is settled described chip component, the first groove of described groove shape usually is constructed to towards the ridge opening, and the second groove is constructed to towards the eaves opening, thereby so that described chip component, the frame element under comprising based on caused by gravity and will automatically be maintained by its deadweight towards the component of eaves.
Of the present utility model another targetedly design scheme be characterised in that described the first toothed element and described the first connection profile and/or described the second toothed element and described the second linkage are constructed to respectively one.In other words, described the first connection profile building block that is described the first toothed element.
According to another preferred version of the present utility model, be mounted with cladding element in other the top of toothed element of each frame element adjacent one another are.This provides following advantage, has namely avoided reliably rainwater, snow and foul to infiltrate zone between in each toothed element adjacent one another are any two.
Another preferred embodiment of the present utility model is characterised in that, described other toothed element has respectively another linkage, and described cladding element has respectively the conjugate profiles of constructing corresponding to described another linkage, wherein, described another linkage and described conjugate profiles be configured and be set to be used to consist of described other toothed element and the connection of the form fit between the described cladding element.Can with very simple method and mode is assembled and where necessary very simple method and mode again disassemble cladding element, and needn't need other the fastening devices take screw or clip as form for this reason.
According to another particularly advantageous improvement project of the present utility model, the end face of the toothed element of described each adjacent other is mounted with shadowing elements.Described shadowing elements had both stoped the infiltration of water, also stoped the infiltration of foul.
Another preferred scheme of the present utility model is characterised in that, described shadowing elements comprises be used to the face that covers that covers end face, at least be substantially perpendicular to the described fixedly section bar that face is settled that covers, be used for fixedly be engaged to section bar form fit ground and/or interference fit described first and/or the situation of described the second groove under with described shadowing elements be connected toothed element (16) connection.Thus, described shadowing elements is configured and is set to pluggable, therefore, in the situation of the fastening devices that needn't add other, can load onto and again removes shadowing elements in very simple mode in case of necessity in very simple mode.Alternatively also possiblely be, additionally or only utilize other linkage that shadowing elements is connected with described toothed element disassembledly, for example connect by screw, rivet or anchor clamps.
Description of drawings
Dependent claims and manual have provided other preferably and/or targetedly feature and design scheme of the utility model.To further set forth particularly preferred embodiment according to appended accompanying drawing.In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the cross sectional representation according to device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the first toothed element;
Fig. 3 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of fastening devices;
Fig. 4 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the first linkage;
Fig. 5 shows the local free cutting figure (Freischnittdarstellung) according to device of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of cladding element;
Fig. 7 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of another toothed element; And
Fig. 8 shows the stereogram of shadowing elements.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 shows the cross sectional representation according to device 10 of the present utility model.Described device 10 comprises a plurality of chip components 11,12, for example two chip components 11,12.Described chip component 11,12 quantity are not subjected to restricted number shown in Figure 1.On the contrary, described device can comprise the chip component 11,12 of any amount.For example, such as thin layer or thick-layer solar cell or organically solar cell photovoltaic module, can be used as chip component 11,12 such as the solar heat module of solar collector and use.In addition, also be suitable such as the sheet covering element of being made by ceramic materials or glassy material.In other words, each assembly that is constructed at least substantially sheet all is suitable in principle.It also is possible that the non-pellet module of other of foundation frame element 13 of the present utility model, 14 encirclement such as skylights is settled, and by this way, the skylight can be integrated in the roof that is made of chip component 11,12.
The chip component 11 of different structure type, 12 combination also are possible.For example some chip components 11,12 only can be configured to photovoltaic or heat solar module, and other chip component 11,12 can be set to cover and/or covering element.
Frame element 13,14 surrounds at least in part each chip component 11,12 and settles.Particularly preferably, frame element 13,14 surrounds each chip component 11,12 arrangements fully.Each frame element 13,14 has the first toothed element 15 and the second toothed element 16.The first and second toothed elements 15,16 are placed in respectively on each chip component 11,12 relative two horizontal edges 17,18.Herein, horizontal edge 17,18 represents respectively chip component 11,12 the limit of flatly or essentially horizontally settling.For the purpose of more clear, Fig. 1 only shows the join domain between the second toothed element 16 of the first toothed element 15 of the first frame element 13 and the second frame element 14.Each first toothed element 15 of each second toothed element 16 of not shown the first frame element 13 and the second frame element 14 in Fig. 1.
At least one fastening devices 19 is placed on the frame element 13,14, and frame element 13,14 is fixed by this fastening devices and building or building components.Particularly preferably, be used for chip component 11,12 is fixed to the roof polycrystalline substance according to device 10 of the present utility model, especially have the roof of the deck of inclination.In this case, chip component 11,12 has consisted of the roof covering.Yet the utility model is not restricted to the roof and hides.According to the utility model, chip component 11,12 can be placed on any building components or each building surface.For example, chip component 11,12 also can be applied to decorated wall surface or other building surfaces.
For by means of the frame element 13 that is associated with chip component 11,12,14 stator linear elements 11,12, at least one fixedly section bar 20 be placed on building or the building components, for example, be placed on the rafter of roof truss or roof polycrystalline substance.Each fixedly section bar 20 and affiliated fastening devices 19 by structure correspondingly so each other, so that both can interconnect by the engagement of form fit ground.For example, fastening devices 19 is configured to L shaped angle element, and fixedly section bar is set to Z-shaped.More preferably, fixedly section bar 20 be configured to porose, to improve chip component 11,12 circulation of air.
At this, fastening devices 19 is connected with the first toothed element 15 disassembledly, or is configured to one with the first toothed element 15.If chip component 11,12 because its material behavior and size with and deadweight and be easy to bending, then settle another fixedly section bar 20 be feasible, by its center ground carriage formula element 13,14 for example.Alternatively, settle spacing washer at fixing section bar 20, with the interval between the top edge of eliminating fixing section bar 20 and each frame element 13,14 the bottom.
If it is disassembled that fastening devices 19 is constructed to, the connection between fastening devices 19 and the toothed element 15 is preferably configured and disposed so is connection form fit and/or interference fit.The L that fastening devices 19 and toothed element 15 are not restricted to illustrate and Z-shaped, and can comprise on the contrary any other geometry, as long as it is corresponding each other that they are configured to so that both for example can be set to by the mutual form fit of hook, screw, rivet, viscose glue or similar item ground, adhesively and/or interference fit ground connect.
In addition, the first toothed element 15 has the first linkage 22 in 21 the zone above that, and the second toothed element 16 has the second linkage 24 in the zone of its bottom 23.So configured and disposed the first and second linkages 22,24, so that by means of linkage 22,24 by form form fit connect with frame element 14 be connected frame element 13 and connect, wherein, the first and second toothed elements 15,16 are partly or completely settled when connection status overlappingly.
In other words, settled by frame element 13,14 cingens chip components 11,12 tile ground.By this way, a plurality of chip components 11,12 can be settled overlappingly, for example are placed on the polycrystalline substance on roof of inclination.Preferably, the first toothed element 15 of each frame 13 is placed in respectively the ridge side, and the second toothed element 16 of each frame 14 is placed in respectively the eaves side.Be placed in respectively thus below the second toothed element 16 of eaves towards the first toothed element 15 of ridge, so that can flow away at the water of the lip-deep existence that is formed by chip component 11,12, and do not infiltrate chip component 11,12 or frame element 13,14 between join domain.The by this way reliably infiltration of anti-sealing and foul of roof polycrystalline substance and the building components under it.
In addition, change by the single chip component 11, the 12nd in a plurality of chip components 11,12 roofs that consist of and the surface of wall in simple especially mode, possible.If for example need to change some in the chip component 11, at first the chip component 12 with adjacent ridge side moves to the ridge direction.Thus, chip component 11 to be replaced (comprise under the first frame element 13) has been released in the scope of separately the first toothed element 15.By then frame element 13 being moved to the ridge direction, the connection of unshowned frame element with being connected and be placed in the eaves side is with released among Fig. 1.Now, chip component 11 and under frame element 13 can freely take off and remove from chip component 11,12 connection, perhaps be replaced by one other.Install in reverse order in a similar manner.
Preferably, each frame element 13,14 has other toothed element 25 (referring to Fig. 5).Other toothed element 25 is placed in respectively on chip component 11,12 the relative longitudinal edge 26.Herein, longitudinal edge 26 represents respectively chip component 11,12 the parallel or substantially parallel limit of the connecting line with between eaves and the ridge.Therefore, the first and second toothed elements 15,16 and other toothed element 25 consisted of and surrounded each chip component 11, the 12 frame elements 13,14 of settling.Particularly preferably, toothed element 15,16,25 is configured to hollow profile, for example is configured to extrudate (Strangprofil).Toothed element 15,16,25 preferably is made of metal, and is particularly preferably made by aluminum or aluminum alloy.Alternatively, this toothed element is configured to plastic material.
In addition preferably, toothed element 15,16,25 has groove shape receiving area 28.Herein, this groove shape receiving area 28 corresponding to or basically construct corresponding to chip component 11,12 cross section so that receiving area 28 structures or be set to form fit ground or interference fit ground receives each chip component 11,12 fringe region 28.Additionally, chip component 11,12 can be connected with toothed element 15,16,25 by means of other linkage, for example by the disassembled connection that connects such as screw, Liu Ding or pressing.Alternatively or additionally, chip component 11,12 or its fringe region 28 for example can not be connected by bonding with receiving area 28 with disassembling.Particularly preferably, in receiving area 28, settle encapsulant, thus both be configured to diaphragm seal linear element 11,12 and toothed element 15,16,25 between connection, produce clamping actions at each chip component 11,12 fringe region 28 where necessary again.Encapsulant for example is configured to plastic seal.Preferably, it is corresponding with the geometry of fringe region 28 that encapsulant is configured to, so that encapsulant is 27 interior very closely around fringe regions 28 in the receiving area.
Fig. 2 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the exemplary embodiment of the first toothed element 15.The first toothed element 15 comprises the receiving area 27 for the fringe region 28 of receiving sheet linear element 11.In addition, receiving element 29 is arranged on the first toothed element 15 and sentences for receiving fastening devices 19, by means of receiving element, in the situation of fixedly section bar 20 engagements on form fit ground and building or the building components, settle the first toothed element 15 or frame element 13.Unshowned the second toothed element 16 is basically corresponding to the first toothed element 15 in Fig. 2, and comprises, preferably, toothed element 15 above mentioned all features, wherein, the second toothed element 16 also comprises the second linkage 24.Such advantage is: the first toothed element 15 shown in Fig. 2 also can use as the second toothed element 16 simultaneously.
Fig. 3 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the exemplary design scheme of fastening devices 19.The cross-sectional configurations of fastening devices 19 is L shaped, and comprises the first arm 30 and the second arm 31.Preferably, arm 30,31 meets at right angles each other or basically settles with meeting at right angles.The first arm 30 is engaged to receiving element 29 in the form fit mode.The length of arm 30 so is set, so that the second arm 31 surrounds the fixedly free arm 32 of section bar 20, so that free arm 32 meshes with fastening devices 19 on form fit ground at least basically.In addition, preferably, the first arm 30 is by suitable connection, for example screw twist connect, rivet, welding, welding or similarly connect, form fit ground, interference fit ground and/or adhesively be connected with the first toothed element 15.If the utility model is used for hiding the roof, so, preferably, at first fixedly section bar 20 is placed on the roof truss.In this case, fixedly section bar 20 has replaced transverse beam (Querlattung).Next, by eaves begin, by means of fastening devices 19 with chip component 11,12 and affiliated frame element 13,14 be mounted to fixedly section bar 20 and hide by this way deck to ridge.
Fig. 4 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the exemplary embodiment of the first linkage 22.The first linkage 22 is constructed to the first connection profile, wherein, and the joint area (referring to Fig. 1) of the top 21 of the first connection profile form fit ground and the first toothed element 15.Additionally, connection profile or linkage 22 can interference fit ground and/or adhesively be connected with the first toothed element 15.Alternatively, the first toothed element 15 and the first linkage 22 or the first connection profile are constructed to one.
In addition preferably, the first connection profile of the first linkage 22 also comprises the first groove 34 of the groove shape that is made of free arm 33.The second linkage 24 comprises the second groove 36 of the groove shape that is made of the second free arm 35.Wherein, the first free arm 33 is engaged to the second groove 36 with being configured and being set to form fit, and the second free arm 35 is engaged to the first groove 34 with being configured and being set to form fit.In other words, be configured and be set to intermeshing at the first and second linkages 22,24 shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4.Particularly preferably, the second toothed element 16 and the second linkage 24 are constructed respectively integratedly.Alternatively, the second linkage 24 is constructed to independent part, and with toothed element 16 interference fits ground, form fit ground and/or adhesively be connected.
Fig. 5 shows according to the local free cutting figure of device 10 of the present utility model at the adjacent area of toothed element 25.Preferably, be mounted with cladding element 38 in other the top 37 of toothed element 25.Each gap between the toothed element 25 of other that cladding element 38 prevention rainwater and foul infiltration are adjacent one another are.Preferably, other toothed element 25 has respectively another linkage 39.Cladding element 38 comprises respectively corresponding to another linkage 39 and the conjugate profiles 40 of constructing.Conjugate profiles 40 is connected with linkage and is arranged and the connection that is connected consist of form fit, connects by means of this, and cladding element 38 is connected with other toothed element 25.Can utilize conjugate profiles 40 that cladding element 38 is inserted linkage 39 from eaves side or ridge side in very simple mode, and again take off in case of necessity cladding element 38.Preferably, so configured and disposed linkage 39 so that for example lucarne and/or trench region can with linkage 39 waterproof be connected to other building components or transitional region, and it can be connected with them.
Fig. 6 shows the viewgraph of cross-section of the exemplary embodiment of cladding element 38.Advantageously, conjugate profiles 40 is constructed to T shape.Alternatively, conjugate profiles 40 has other geometry, and this geometry is constructed corresponding to linkage 39.Particularly preferably, linkage 39 and conjugate profiles 40 are constructed to tongue-and-groove flank profil (Nut-Feder-Profile), wherein, every kind of mutual corresponding tongue-and-groove geometry all is suitable, this tongue-and-groove geometry allows cladding element 40 to be inserted by eaves side and/or ridge side on the one hand, and stops reliably on the other hand cladding element 40 to unclamp from other toothed element 25.
Fig. 7 at length shows the viewgraph of cross-section of another toothed element 25.Basically corresponding to toothed element 15,16 shown in figure 2, difference is that toothed element 25 shown in Figure 7 additionally comprises linkage 39 to this another toothed element 25.Linkage 39 can be the building block of this another toothed element 25, and perhaps this linkage is as independent section bar and toothed element 25 form fit ground, interference fit ground and/or adhesively be connected.Preferably, toothed element 25 additionally has linkage 24.
According to another preferred form of implementation of the present utility model, be mounted with shadowing elements 41 in the end of the toothed element 25 of each adjacent one another are other.Fig. 8 shows the detailed perspective of shadowing elements shown in Figure 5 41.Preferably, shadowing elements 41 also comprises the face that covers 42 be used to the end face of the toothed element 25 that covers other.Cover face 42 and preferably be constructed to trapezoidally, and comprise the groove 46 of the cladding element 38 that is configured to receive each arranged adjacent at place, its base.Shadowing elements 41 also comprises vertical or is substantially perpendicular to the fixedly section bar 43 that the face of covering 42 is settled, to be used for connecting shadowing elements 41 and the second toothed element 16.Section bar so arranges and constructs fixedly section bar 43, so that fixedly can be introduced in the first and second grooves 34,36 in the mode of engagement form fit and/or interference fit.Particularly preferably, shadowing elements 41 has other fixedly section bar 44, its by additionally configured and disposed for form fit ground and/or interference fit be engaged to linkage 39.By means of fixing section bar 43,44, shadowing elements 41 is configured and is set to pluggable.Particularly preferably, fixedly at least one in the section bar 43,44 has the location crosspiece, and by means of it, fixedly section bar 43,44 is latched after inserting accordingly, prevents from unclamping unintentionally.More preferably, shadowing elements 41 as shown in Figure 8, is set up and is configured to an angle element with coverage rate 45 of the face of covering 42 and perpendicular arrangement.

Claims (12)

1. device (10) that is used for stator linear element (11,12) comprising:
A plurality of chip components (11,12), wherein each in described chip component (11,12) is mounted to the frame element (13,14) that small part is surrounded, and each in the described frame element (13,14) comprises at least one first toothed element (15) and at least one the second toothed element (16), and described the first toothed element is placed on the relative horizontal edge (17,18) of described each chip component (11,12) with described the second toothed element; And
At least one is placed in the fastening devices (19) on the described frame element (13,14), described fastening devices (19) correspondingly is configured to consist of being connected of form fit that is placed in the fixedly section bar on building or the building components with at least one
It is characterized in that,
In described the first toothed element (15) each has at least one first linkage (22) in the zone of (21) above that, and each in described the second toothed element (16) has at least one second linkage (24) in the zone of its bottom (23), wherein, described first and described the second linkage (22,24) be set up and be configured to described toothed element (15 at a described frame element (13), 16) in one the described toothed element (16 with described another frame element (14), 15) at least part of overlapping situation in by means of form fit respectively with described frame element (13,14) one and described frame element (14 in, 13) at least another connection in.
2. device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described frame element (13,14) has other toothed element (25), wherein, described other toothed element (25) is placed in respectively on the relative longitudinal edge (26) of described chip component (11,12).
3. device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described toothed element (15,16,25) is constructed to hollow profile.
4. device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described toothed element (15,16,25) has receiving area (27) the groove shape and that at least basically construct corresponding to the cross section of described chip component (11,12), receives the fringe region (28) of described each chip component (11,12) with form fit ground and/or interference fit ground.
5. device according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described the first linkage (22) comprises the first connection profile, and its described region shape with the described top (21) of described the first toothed element (15) is connected matchingly.
6. device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described the first connection profile also comprises first groove (34) of the groove shape that is made of the first free arm (33), and described the second linkage (24) comprises second groove (36) of the groove shape that is made of the second free arm (35), wherein, described the first free arm (33) is engaged to described the second groove (36) with being configured and being set to form fit, and described the second free arm (35) is engaged to described the first groove (34) with being configured and being set to form fit.
7. device according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described the first toothed element (15) and described the first connection profile and/or described the second toothed element (16) and described the second linkage (24) are constructed to respectively one.
8. device according to claim 7 is characterized in that, cladding element (38) is placed on described other the top (37) of toothed element (25) of each frame element adjacent one another are (13,14).
9. device according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described other toothed element (25) has respectively another linkage (39), and described cladding element (38) has respectively corresponding to described another linkage (39) and the conjugate profiles (40) of constructing, wherein, described another linkage (39) and described conjugate profiles (40) be configured and be set to be used to consist of described other toothed element (25) and the connection of the form fit between the described cladding element (38).
10. device according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described another linkage (39) and described conjugate profiles (40) are constructed to the tongue-and-groove flank profil.
11. device according to claim 10 is characterized in that, shadowing elements (41) is placed on the end face of toothed element (25) of described each adjacent one another are other.
12. device according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, described shadowing elements (41) comprises be used to the face that covers (42) that covers described end face, at least be substantially perpendicular to the described fixedly section bar (43) that face (42) is settled that covers, be used for described fixedly section bar (43) form fit ground and/or interference fit ground be engaged to described first and/or the situation of described the second groove (34,36) under with described shadowing elements (41) be connected toothed element (16) connection.
CN2012204300459U 2011-12-23 2012-08-17 Device used for fixing piece-shaped elements Expired - Fee Related CN203238864U (en)

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CN106100530B (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-03-02 西安黄河光伏科技股份有限公司 A kind of roof solar cell module and its installation method
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CN103174269A (en) * 2011-12-23 2013-06-26 里尼亚·普络托公司 Apparatus for fixing sheet member
CN107407503A (en) * 2014-10-09 2017-11-28 索里布罗研究公司 Mounting bar, the system and method for installing solar panels

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