CN203216020U - Solar power generation and heat collecting device - Google Patents

Solar power generation and heat collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203216020U
CN203216020U CN2013201940284U CN201320194028U CN203216020U CN 203216020 U CN203216020 U CN 203216020U CN 2013201940284 U CN2013201940284 U CN 2013201940284U CN 201320194028 U CN201320194028 U CN 201320194028U CN 203216020 U CN203216020 U CN 203216020U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
thermal medium
solar
storage tank
defeated
heat collecting
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013201940284U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔嘉超
孙玉涵
白洁
杨合长
曹林燕
Original Assignee
崔嘉超
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Publication date
Application filed by 崔嘉超 filed Critical 崔嘉超
Priority to CN2013201940284U priority Critical patent/CN203216020U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203216020U publication Critical patent/CN203216020U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of comprehensive utilization of solar energy, and particularly relates to a solar power generation and heat collecting device. The solar power generation and heat collecting device comprises a water storage tank and a heat collecting tank, a thermal medium conveying downward pipeline and a thermal medium conveying upward pipeline are respectively arranged between the water storage tank and the heat collecting tank, and a temperature control switch is arranged on the thermal medium conveying upward pipeline. The heat collecting tank is composed of a plurality of layers of solar glass box covers which are fixedly mounted on an oblique thermal preservation and insulation layer plate. A supporting frame is mounted on a thermal preservation and insulation layer bottom plate inside the heat collecting tank, a photovoltaic solar panel is embedded on the upper surface of the supporting frame, and two guide lines are connected to the photovoltaic solar panel. The guide lines penetrate through the supporting frame and are led out from the thermal preservation and insulation layer plate, and the tail ends of the guide lines are respectively connected with a solar panel electric energy output terminal. The water storage tank is provided with a vent hole and a water storage tank water taking and supplying hole. The solar power generation and heat collecting device is simple in structure, capable of improving the effective utilization rate of solar energy in unit area, low in device manufacturing cost, and beneficial to popularization.

Description

A kind of solar electrical energy generation and adopt hot equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to solar energy composite and utilizes technical field, particularly relates to a kind of solar electrical energy generation and adopts hot equipment.
Background technology
Traditional solar energy power generating, solar water heater though all be to get energy in the sun, emphasize particularly on different fields, and demand is single.Photovoltaic generation only payes attention to improving photoelectric conversion rate, to the heat radiation of a large amount of existence abandon as carrying out, water heater then only lays particular emphasis on absorptive thermal radiation as much as possible, and the light wave that may convert electric energy to is but turned a blind eye to.Because both establish one's own system, can not be complementary, so influenced effective utilization index of unit are solar energy.Simultaneously both are different to the sunshine demand, but it is similar to obtain mode and the equipment of energy, and all have device fabrication cost height, and what the energy per unit area conversion ratio was not high denounces, and this also is the bottleneck that restriction solar energy utilization equipment popularizes.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model overcomes above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art exactly, and provide a kind of simple in structure, can improve effective utilization index of unit are solar energy, the device fabrication cost is low, the solar electrical energy generation that is conducive to popularize and adopt hot equipment.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of solar electrical energy generation and adopt hot equipment, comprise storage tank and heat supply box, be respectively arranged with the defeated descending pipeline of thermal medium and defeated thermal medium up-hill line between storage tank and the heat supply box, described defeated thermal medium up-hill line is provided with temperature detect switch (TDS), described heat supply box is fixedly mounted on by multilayer solar glass box cover on the insulation laminate of inclination and constitutes, on the insulation layer base plate bracing frame is installed in the heat supply box, the bracing frame upper surface is embedded with the photovoltaic solar cell plate, be connected with two leads on the photovoltaic solar cell plate, lead passes bracing frame and draws from the insulation laminate, wire end is connected with cell panel electric energy output end respectively, and described storage tank is provided with passage and storage tank is got the feed water inlet.
The descending conduit upper of described defeated thermal medium is equipped with the radiating and cooling switch, be provided with radiating and cooling passage outside the case in descending pipeline one side of defeated thermal medium, outer radiating and cooling passage one end of case is connected with the radiating and cooling switch, the other end is communicated with the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium bottom, on the outer radiating and cooling passage of described case radiator is installed.
Described multilayer solar glass box cover is two-layer solar energy glass case cover.
Described defeated thermal medium is water.
Described defeated thermal medium is air.
In the described storage tank, between defeated thermal medium up-hill line and the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium, be equipped with and fail the thermal medium heat exchange elements.
On the described heat supply box mounting bracket.
The beneficial effect of technical solutions of the utility model is:
1, structurally, the utility model is not influencing under the photovoltaic generation transform light energy function prerequisite, photovoltaic generation, solar water heater two systems are united two into one, share one and adopt hot platform, photovoltaic battery panel is embedded the back support frame that heat supply box becomes heat supply box, simple in structure, when improving the effective utilization index of unit are solar energy, the manufacturing cost of also having saved helioplant.
2, structurally, the confined space that the utility model adopts multilayer solar cloche structure to form an integral body is heat supply box, has abandoned complicated vacuum tube manufacturing process, has reduced the manufacturing cost of this device.
3, structurally, heated medium can adopt traditional water or air in the utility model heat supply box, when adopting air as defeated thermal medium, can effectively solve the improper bombing of waterflood timing or manage the persistent ailment of bursting by freezing winter.
4, structurally, the utility model is adopted heat, energy storage separated type structure, can reduce the outdoor setting height(from bottom) of complete machine on the one hand, increases safety coefficient; On the other hand storage tank can be conveniently at indoor any place and be higher than the position of sound production at heat supply box top because that indoor environment is better than is outdoor, also can reduce the spending of water tank heat preserving material.
5, to sum up, the utility model outdoor mounted portion size is less than by comparison water heater, and simultaneously again because daylighting area is big, spreading depth is thin in the heated medium case, makes it exchange rate and will be higher than the tubular type water heater; And the utility model is providing hot water can provide electric energy to supply with to the user in the period that illumination is arranged again simultaneously to the user, thereby really improves the comprehensive utilization index of the sunshine of unit are, and simple in structure, and manufacturing cost is lower, is conducive to promotion and implementation.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a kind of solar electrical energy generation of the utility model and the main TV structure schematic diagram of adopting hot equipment;
Fig. 2 is for a kind of solar electrical energy generation shown in Figure 1 and adopt the side sectional structure schematic diagram of the heat supply box part of hot equipment;
Sequence number among the figure:: 1, storage tank, 2, defeated thermal medium heat exchange elements, 3, passage, 4, the defeated descending pipeline of thermal medium, 5, multilayer solar glass box cover, 6, heat supply box, 7, photovoltaic solar cell plate, 8, cell panel electric energy output end, 9, defeated thermal medium up-hill line, 10, storage tank is got the feed water inlet, and 11, bracing frame, 12, the radiating and cooling switch, 13, insulation laminate, 14, temperature detect switch (TDS), 15, the outer radiating and cooling passage of case, 16, radiator, 17, support.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one:
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, among the figure, a kind of solar electrical energy generation of the utility model and adopt hot equipment, comprise storage tank 1 and heat supply box 6, be respectively arranged with the defeated descending pipeline 4 of thermal medium and defeated thermal medium up-hill line 9 between storage tank and the heat supply box, described defeated thermal medium up-hill line is provided with temperature detect switch (TDS) 14, described heat supply box is fixedly mounted on by multilayer solar glass box cover 5 on the insulation laminate 13 of inclination and constitutes, on the insulation layer base plate bracing frame 11 is installed in the heat supply box, the bracing frame upper surface is embedded with photovoltaic solar cell plate 7, be connected with two leads on the photovoltaic solar cell plate, lead passes bracing frame and draws from the insulation laminate, wire end is connected with cell panel electric energy output end 8 respectively, and described storage tank is provided with passage 3 and storage tank is got feed water inlet 10.The descending conduit upper of described defeated thermal medium is equipped with radiating and cooling switch 12, be provided with radiating and cooling passage 15 outside the case in descending pipeline one side of defeated thermal medium, outer radiating and cooling passage one end of case is connected with the radiating and cooling switch, the other end is communicated with the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium bottom, on the outer radiating and cooling passage of described case radiator 16 is installed.Described multilayer solar glass box cover is two-layer solar energy glass case cover.Described defeated thermal medium is air.In the described storage tank, between defeated thermal medium up-hill line and the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium, be equipped with and fail thermal medium heat exchange elements 2.On the described heat supply box mounting bracket 17.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
Under the nominal situation, the utility model is the same with common photovoltaic generation, water heater working principle, arrive daytime, electricity generation system under the photovoltaic solar cell plate 7 enters the operation of electric energy output operating mode prior to hot-water heating system, when being increased to temperature control, defeated thermal medium (air) temperature under the sunshine effect in the heat supply box 6 opens the light 9 when opening temperature, defeated thermal medium (air) can through this entered by up-hill line in the storage tank 1 with case in water do heat exchange, turn back in the heat supply box 6 along the defeated descending pipeline 4 of thermal medium afterwards, enter the closed cycle input state.When afternoon intensity of sunshine weaken, when heat supply box medium temperature is lower than temperature detect switch (TDS) 9 setting unlatching values, this switch cuts off heat supply box and storage tank passage automatically, and heat exchange stops, but photovoltaic generating system is then worked and can be driven too and can disappear by photovoltaic battery panel work sunshine to last thread.The duty of the moon, snow, rain, greasy weather gas is identical with nominal situation.
Under particular job state: when the medium temperature of the defeated descending pipeline of thermal medium is higher than the photovoltaic generating system maximum permissible temperature, outer radiating and cooling switch 12 actions of defeated thermal medium case are closed the defeated descending normal channel of thermal medium (under normal circumstances, this radiating and cooling switch 12 is in normal open state), the thermal medium of crossing of being discharged by storage tank enters in the heat supply box 6 after the cooling of radiating and cooling passage outside pipeline imports case again, but the temperature in the heat supply box is remained within the photovoltaic element tolerance range.When the medium temperature of storage tank through failing descending pipeline 4 discharges of thermal medium is lower than radiating and cooling switch 12 values of opening, radiating and cooling switch 12 automatically resets, defeated thermal medium still recovers by 4 operations of the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium, the outer radiating and cooling passage of the case state of deactivating automatically.This special operation condition state seldom can take place generally speaking.
Embodiment two:
Present embodiment figure does not draw.Present embodiment and embodiment one structure proximate, its same structure part no longer repeats at this, its difference is: the described defeated thermal medium of present embodiment is water, omits in the described storage tank, between defeated thermal medium up-hill line and the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium defeated thermal medium heat exchange elements is installed.
The above only is the schematic specific embodiment of the utility model; be not in order to limit scope of the present utility model; equivalent variations and modification that any those skilled in the art makes under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design and principle; be three layers or four layer solar glass box covers etc. such as changing two-layer solar energy glass case cover, all should belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (7)

1. a solar electrical energy generation and adopt hot equipment, comprise storage tank and heat supply box, be respectively arranged with the defeated descending pipeline of thermal medium and defeated thermal medium up-hill line between storage tank and the heat supply box, it is characterized in that: described defeated thermal medium up-hill line is provided with temperature detect switch (TDS), described heat supply box is fixedly mounted on by multilayer solar glass box cover on the insulation laminate of inclination and constitutes, on the insulation layer base plate bracing frame is installed in the heat supply box, the bracing frame upper surface is embedded with the photovoltaic solar cell plate, be connected with two leads on the photovoltaic solar cell plate, lead passes bracing frame and draws from the insulation laminate, wire end is connected with cell panel electric energy output end respectively, and described storage tank is provided with passage and storage tank is got the feed water inlet.
2. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 1 and adopt hot equipment, it is characterized in that: the descending conduit upper of described defeated thermal medium is equipped with the radiating and cooling switch, be provided with radiating and cooling passage outside the case in descending pipeline one side of defeated thermal medium, outer radiating and cooling passage one end of case is connected with the radiating and cooling switch, the other end is communicated with the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium bottom, on the outer radiating and cooling passage of described case radiator is installed.
3. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 1 and 2 and adopt hot equipment, it is characterized in that: described multilayer solar glass box cover is two-layer solar energy glass case cover.
4. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 1 and 2 and adopt hot equipment, it is characterized in that: described defeated thermal medium is water.
5. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 1 and 2 and adopt hot equipment, it is characterized in that: described defeated thermal medium is air.
6. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 5 and adopt hot equipment is characterized in that: in the described storage tank, be equipped with between defeated thermal medium up-hill line and the descending pipeline of defeated thermal medium and fail the thermal medium heat exchange elements.
7. a kind of solar electrical energy generation according to claim 1 and 2 and adopt hot equipment is characterized in that: on the described heat supply box mounting bracket.
CN2013201940284U 2013-04-17 2013-04-17 Solar power generation and heat collecting device Expired - Fee Related CN203216020U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013201940284U CN203216020U (en) 2013-04-17 2013-04-17 Solar power generation and heat collecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013201940284U CN203216020U (en) 2013-04-17 2013-04-17 Solar power generation and heat collecting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203216020U true CN203216020U (en) 2013-09-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013201940284U Expired - Fee Related CN203216020U (en) 2013-04-17 2013-04-17 Solar power generation and heat collecting device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203216020U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545011A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-05-04 山东三维钢结构股份有限公司 Modularization solar energy wind energy generating heating environmental protection house

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545011A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-05-04 山东三维钢结构股份有限公司 Modularization solar energy wind energy generating heating environmental protection house

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130925

Termination date: 20200417

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee