CN203198764U - Electric vehicle with range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled - Google Patents

Electric vehicle with range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203198764U
CN203198764U CN2013201141370U CN201320114137U CN203198764U CN 203198764 U CN203198764 U CN 203198764U CN 2013201141370 U CN2013201141370 U CN 2013201141370U CN 201320114137 U CN201320114137 U CN 201320114137U CN 203198764 U CN203198764 U CN 203198764U
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China
Prior art keywords
increasing unit
distance increasing
load
car
battery
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2013201141370U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张连存
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张连存
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Priority to CN2013201141370U priority Critical patent/CN203198764U/en
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Publication of CN203198764U publication Critical patent/CN203198764U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility

Abstract

The utility model relates to an electric vehicle with a range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled. The electric vehicle with the range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled comprises a finished vehicle (9), a limited-current device, a fixed-current device and an electric vehicle control device, wherein the limited-current device, the fixed-current device and the electric vehicle control device are installed in the finished vehicle (9), a connecting opening is formed between the finished vehicle (9) and the range extender (1), the range extender (1) is connected with a rectifying motor (3) through a connector (2), and the range extender (1), a power battery (5), a main controller (7) and main drive electric power (6) are arranged through a power circuit. The electric vehicle with the range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled is low in consumed traveling electric power, long in purely power-driven driving range, and high in electric energy converting efficiency and safety performance.

Description

A kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit
Technical field
The utility model is a kind of can to load and unload the battery-driven car that increases journey fast.
Background technology
The various battery-driven cars that use at present are because battery weight is large, expensive, capacity is little, and the continuous travelled distance of vehicle is restricted, and has also seriously influenced the development of battery-driven car.The stroke-increasing electric automobile of now developing has increased distance increasing unit at electronlmobil, although prolonged the continual mileage of vehicle, has increased car body weight, and the weight of distance increasing unit generally is the 10-20% of complete vehicle weight, exists the problem that the consumption of current that travels increases.To 17 national surveys in the whole world, most people are driven in the distance below 80 kilometers every day according to the famous company of Deloitte Consulting in the whole world.Driver in China 45% travels below 40 kilometers every day, 79% people travels below 80 kilometers every day, if 80 kilometers of the specified pure motor driving mileages of stroke-increasing electric automobile, so just having 79% stroke-increasing electric automobile to carry temporary transient useless distance increasing unit every day walks back and forth, wasted a large amount of electric energy, the weight of distance increasing unit has consumed again the part electric weight, and the fuel tank that carries also exists danger, the adverse factor of oil inflame, and the distance increasing unit degree of utilization is also very low.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is exactly that provide in order to overcome defects a kind of can load and unload the battery-driven car that increases journey fast.
The utility model is realized by following proposal: a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit, comprise car load and be installed in car load interior Limited Current device, fixed current device and controller of electric vehicle, be provided with communication port between car load and the distance increasing unit, distance increasing unit is connected by adaptor union with commutating machine, and distance increasing unit, electrokinetic cell, master controller and main the driving adopt power line to arrange between the electric power.
Described distance increasing unit can be installed in rear portion, middle part, front portion or the top of car load, and multiple installation direction is arranged.
Comprise that mechanical connection, power line connect and be connected with signal being connected between described distance increasing unit and the commutating machine.
Described controller of electric vehicle comprises pure motorized motions, and electrokinetic cell and distance increasing unit drive jointly, and distance increasing unit individual drive and distance increasing unit generating are to four kinds of master modes of power battery charging.
Described distance increasing unit, electrokinetic cell, master controller and the main power line that drives between the electric power all are arranged in the wiring groove.
Described mechanical connection adopts slot, card pressure, latch or the fixing form of bolt; Described power line connects the form that adopts socket, binding post, wiring pressing plate or clamp; Described signal is connected with car load to the control signal of distance increasing unit, the run signal that distance increasing unit is transferred to car load, and connection mode adopts the form of latch.
The utility model is compared with existing technology has following beneficial effect:
1, the consumes power of travelling: the utility model is when pure motor driving, owing to having dismantled distance increasing unit, car body weight alleviates 10-20%, amount 8-17% capable of reducing power consumption.
2, pure electronic continual mileage: after disassembling distance increasing unit, consumption of current has reduced 8-17%, and under same capacity of cell, continual mileage increases 10-20%.
3 energy conversion efficiency: the distance increasing unit generating directly is transferred to drive motor after rectification, without electrokinetic cell, be compared with existing technology conversion efficiency and improved 16%.
4, the energy content of battery is replenished: behind the stop off, the distance increasing unit generating in time to power battery charging, to replenish the energy content of battery, increases the driving energy, guarantees that vehicle power is powerful.
5, safety performance: the 80-90% of running time is not with distance increasing unit, the probability of oil inflame occurs only for the 10-20% of existing extended-range electric vehicle, has improved safety.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that distance increasing unit of the present utility model is installed in the car load rear portion;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that distance increasing unit of the present utility model is installed in the car load middle part;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that distance increasing unit of the present utility model is installed in the car load rear portion;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that distance increasing unit of the present utility model is installed in the car load top;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of electronlmobil in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of electro-tricycle in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of battery-operated motor cycle in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the Split type structure schematic diagram of distance increasing unit in the utility model.
The specific embodiment
A kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit, comprise car load 9 and be installed in Limited Current device, fixed current device and controller of electric vehicle in the car load 9, demonstration and control function with distance increasing unit 1, car load 9 has total power down function, power line is arranged safe, and the zone that distance increasing unit is installed on the car load 9 has relative independentability.Be provided with communication port between car load 9 and the distance increasing unit 1, distance increasing unit 1 is connected by adaptor union 2 with commutating machine 3, and distance increasing unit 1, electrokinetic cell 5, master controller 7 and main the driving adopt power line to arrange between the electric power 6; The Limited Current device of described driving electric current and the device of fixed current flow refer to that during the manual control acceleration pedal, vehicle moves when relying on separately distance increasing unit to drive below rated current.Fixed current flow driving functions refers to that vehicle travels with the fixed current of setting under the constant current cruise mode, makes vehicle operating even.The demonstration of described distance increasing unit 1 and control function refer to electronlmobil except the demonstration with general electronlmobil and control function; also have demonstration, warning and control function to distance increasing unit 1; and after distance increasing unit 1 access; the control that battery-driven car is adjusted startup, shutdown, the throttle of distance increasing unit 1; when utilizing grid power that electrokinetic cell is charged; can control the various device on the car load, organic cooperation of device, satisfy charging requirement.Described total power down function refers to that the motor circuit of car load 9, control circuit all have power-off protection apparatus, and after vehicle immobilization is locked a door (except charge condition), each main line is separated, and no current passes through.Behind generation impact damage in service etc., car load 9 main power sources are power-off protection immediately.The zone that distance increasing unit 1 is installed on the described car load 9 has relative independentability, be the installing zone of distance increasing unit 1 and take advantage of that the people space is relative to be isolated, or the removable cover after the installation can isolate this two spaces well, possesses fire prevention, soundproof effect.Described power line layout is safe to refer to that the power line between distance increasing unit 1, electrokinetic cell 5, master controller 7 and the main drive motor 6 is arranged in the wiring groove, outer wrapping high-strength fire-retarding cover, connect distance short, and the outside wiring from the compartment, have advantages of safe.
The related distance increasing unit 1 of the utility model is the independent separate body structure, is specifically designed to the assistive drive effect of car load 9, and distance increasing unit 1 type contains multiple electrical generator and electric storage device, and distance increasing unit 1 has that volume is little, lightweight, efficient, light, the characteristics of easy carrying.Distance increasing unit 1 is accompanied with for the annex of carrying and depositing, and the Starting mode of distance increasing unit 1 has manually and electronic two kinds, and distance increasing unit 1 has independently electricity generate function, and purposes is wide.Described distance increasing unit 1 type comprises fuel electric generator, gas electricity generator, wind or solar generator and various electric storage device, and improved generating, electric storage device, and can repeat the device of dismounting or plug.The annex of described distance increasing unit 1 is different according to car load 9 types, design different mode of transport, handbarrow and random annex, to satisfy respectively the requirement of depositing that point, public transport company deposit a little etc. of depositing of leaving in family's storage room, garage, residential quarters that point, dealer arrange concentratedly, satisfy respectively that manpower is guided and supported, the travelling wheel push-and-pull, vehicle is hauled and the requirement such as carrying fork truck.When depositing, distance increasing unit can install protective case additional.The distance increasing unit that volume is larger, its fuel tank, driving engine, motor, rectification charging machine (installing additional during repacking) etc. can adopt split type, carry with easy disassembly.Described distance increasing unit has the Independent Power Generation function, is used as reserve generator behind mains failure, or is used for the uses such as mobile construction, picnic.
Pure motorized motions: when the driver plans travelled distance less than the pure electronic continual mileage of this car, do not need to install distance increasing unit, battery-driven car is in electric-only mode main power switch 4 closures of travelling, electric current flows through power main switch 4 to master controller 7 by electrokinetic cell 5, lead to main drive motor 6 after master controller 7 is adjusted, main drive motor 6 rotary machines can drive to drive systems car load 9 and travel.Pure when battery-operated, distance increasing unit 1 generally is not installed, adaptor union 2 disconnects, though or distance increasing unit 1 is installed, start.
Electrokinetic cell and distance increasing unit drive jointly: when the driver plans travelled distance greater than the pure electronic continual mileage of (or equaling) this car, just need to install distance increasing unit, this electronlmobil can be in electrokinetic cell and distance increasing unit drives simultaneously, the electric current that distance increasing unit 1 sends flows to rectification charging machine 3 by adaptor union 2 and converges with electric current from electrokinetic cell 5, flowing to main drive motor 6 after master controller 7 is adjusted travels to drive car load 9, when the driving power consumption sends electric weight less than distance increasing unit, dump energy by control apparatus 8 to electrokinetic cell 5 charging.
Distance increasing unit individual drive: after battery-driven car is installed distance increasing unit, travel and make the electrokinetic cell electric weight approach lower prescribing a time limit, start distance increasing unit 1 and begin generating, electric current flows to master controller 7 after 3 rectifications of rectification charging machine, rotate to main drive motor 6 car load 9 is travelled, when power main switch 4 and control apparatus 8 disconnection, electrokinetic cell 5 is in isolated condition.When control apparatus 8 closure, dump energy charges to electrokinetic cell 5 by control apparatus 8.
The distance increasing unit generating is specially to power battery charging: when travelling at a distance, during the stop off, distance increasing unit 1 can generate electricity specially, after adaptor union 2,3 rectifications of rectification charging machine, power main switch 4 through closure charges to electrokinetic cell 5, remedies the electric weight of electrokinetic cell 5.

Claims (6)

1. battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit, comprise car load (9) and be installed in car load (9) interior Limited Current device, fixed current device and controller of electric vehicle, it is characterized in that: be provided with communication port between car load (9) and the distance increasing unit (1), distance increasing unit (1) is connected by adaptor union (2) with commutating machine (3), and distance increasing unit (1), electrokinetic cell (5), master controller (7) and main the driving adopt power line to arrange between the electric power (6).
2. a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: distance increasing unit (1) can be installed in rear portion, middle part, front portion or the top of car load (9), and multiple installation direction is arranged.
3. a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: being connected between distance increasing unit (1) and the commutating machine (3) comprises that mechanical connection, power line connect and be connected with signal.
4. a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described controller of electric vehicle comprises pure motorized motions, electrokinetic cell (5) and distance increasing unit (1) are common to be driven, and distance increasing unit (1) individual drive and distance increasing unit (1) generating are to four kinds of master modes of electrokinetic cell (5) charging.
5. a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: distance increasing unit (1), electrokinetic cell (5), master controller (7) and the main power line that drives between the electric power (6) all are arranged in the wiring groove.
6. a kind of battery-driven car that can load and unload fast distance increasing unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the form that described mechanical connection adopts slot, card pressure, latch or bolt to fix; Described power line connects the form that adopts socket, binding post, wiring pressing plate or clamp; Described signal is connected with car load (9) to the control signal of distance increasing unit (1), the run signal that distance increasing unit (1) is transferred to car load, and connection mode adopts the form of latch.
CN2013201141370U 2013-03-14 2013-03-14 Electric vehicle with range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled Expired - Fee Related CN203198764U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013201141370U CN203198764U (en) 2013-03-14 2013-03-14 Electric vehicle with range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013201141370U CN203198764U (en) 2013-03-14 2013-03-14 Electric vehicle with range extender capable of being fast assembled and disassembled

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203198764U true CN203198764U (en) 2013-09-18

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109955705A (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-07-02 武汉比亚迪汽车有限公司 A kind of plug-in hybrid device arragement construction and vehicle
CN110920418A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-03-27 里卡多科技咨询(上海)有限公司 Subsystem and method for realizing autonomous power generation range extension on pure electric vehicle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109955705A (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-07-02 武汉比亚迪汽车有限公司 A kind of plug-in hybrid device arragement construction and vehicle
CN110920418A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-03-27 里卡多科技咨询(上海)有限公司 Subsystem and method for realizing autonomous power generation range extension on pure electric vehicle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130918

Termination date: 20160314