CN203187816U - CNC serrated lint cleaning machine - Google Patents

CNC serrated lint cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203187816U
CN203187816U CN 201320042604 CN201320042604U CN203187816U CN 203187816 U CN203187816 U CN 203187816U CN 201320042604 CN201320042604 CN 201320042604 CN 201320042604 U CN201320042604 U CN 201320042604U CN 203187816 U CN203187816 U CN 203187816U
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China
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connected
vertical plate
heteroaryl
lint
push rod
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CN 201320042604
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Chinese (zh)
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冯显英
李慧
李沛刚
岳明君
王昊鹏
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山东大学
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a saw tooth type numerical control lint cleaner which comprises a saw tooth roller, a left fixed vertical plate, a right fixed vertical plate, an adjusting mechanism and an automatic control system. The saw tooth roller is connected with a three-phase asynchronous motor, first connection holes are formed in the left fixed vertical plate and the right fixed vertical plate, two ends of the saw tooth roller are connected with the left fixed vertical plate and the right fixed vertical plate through the first connection holes, two ends of an impurity discharging cutter rest are connected with a left movable vertical plate and a right movable vertical plate through bolts respectively, and an impurity discharging cutter is arranged on the impurity discharging cutter rest. The adjusting mechanism comprises an impurity discharging cutter function quantity adjusting mechanism, an impurity discharging cutter and saw tooth roller gap adjusting mechanism and a saw tooth roller rotating speed adjusting mechanism. The automatic control system comprises a PLC, an intelligent detecting sensor and an upper computer, the upper computer is respectively connected with the PLC and the intelligent detecting sensor, and the PLC is connected with the adjusting mechanism. Self-adaptive adjustment control of lint cotton cleaning is achieved, the phenomena of 'over-cleaning' or 'under-cleaning' of lint cotton are avoided, and production efficiency and blowing quality of cotton processing are improved.

Description

锯齿式数控皮棉清理机 CNC serrated lint cleaning machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型专利涉及棉花加工机械技术领域,尤其涉及一种锯齿式数控皮棉清理机。 [0001] The present utility model patent relates to technical field of cotton processing machinery, particularly to a sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machines.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 皮棉清理工艺在棉花加工过程中起着重要作用,皮棉清理效率的高低和质量的好坏直接影响产出棉花的品质等级和棉花价格。 [0002] lint cleaning process plays an important role in the cotton processing, and the level of their quality lint cleaning efficiency of a direct impact on the quality level of the output of cotton and cotton prices. 在棉花加工过程中,皮棉清理系统在轧花工艺和打包工艺之间,能清理轧花过程中产生的次生杂质和残存在皮棉中的杂质,包括瘪棉籽、破籽、不孕籽及棉花中粘有的落叶、带纤维的籽屑、棉结、棉索等。 In the processing of cotton, lint cleaning system between the ginning process and baling process, can clean lint remaining in the secondary impurities and impurities generated during ginning, including flat cottonseed, broken seeds, and cotton seeds, infertility some sticking leaves, seed coat with fibers, neps, cotton, rope and the like.

[0003] 现有技术对于性状参数不同的皮棉,一般采用相同的皮棉清理工艺和加工参数,所采用的皮清机结构中,固定排杂刀的墙板与固定锯齿辊筒的墙板是一体的,排杂刀与锯齿辊筒的间隙不能自动调节。 [0003] The prior art parameters for different traits lint, lint cleaning using the same general techniques and processing parameters, skin cleaning machine structure is employed, the fixed blade row heteroaryl wall with wall fixing roller is integrally serration , the serrated knife gap trash roller does not adjust automatically. 若想要根据皮棉的性状参数来调节清理工艺和参数,需要将整个生产线停产,然后再调节排杂刀的作用数量、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒的间隙及锯齿辊筒的转速,这会严重影响棉花加工企业的产量和效益。 If you want to adjust the cleaning processes and parameters depending on the properties parameter lint, the entire production line needs to be shut down, and then adjust the number of action trash knife, the gap and the rotational speed of the exhaust heteroaryl knife and serrated roller serrated roller, which can seriously yield and efficiency of cotton processing enterprises. 目前的皮棉清理工艺中,这三个参数是固定不变的,这种清理设备和清理方法容易导致棉花“过清理”或“欠清理”,从而引起棉纤维的损伤、浪费,或使棉花品质等级下降,影响企业的经济效益。 The current lint cleaning process, these three parameters are fixed, this clean-up equipment and clean-up methods easily lead to cotton "over clean-up" or "less clean-up", causing damage to the cotton fiber, waste, or the quality of cotton levels decline, affecting economic efficiency of enterprises.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0004] 本实用新型就是为了解决现有技术存在的上述缺陷和不足,提供了一种锯齿式数控皮棉清理机;能够针对性状参数不同的皮棉采用不同的皮棉清理工艺和加工参数,根据皮棉的性状参数来自动调整排杂刀的作用数量、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒的间隙及锯齿辊筒的转速,实现皮棉清理的自适应调节控制,避免了皮棉的“过清理”或“欠清理”现象,提高棉花加工过程清花工艺的生产效率和清花质量。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the problems of the prior art deficiencies and shortcomings described above, there is provided a sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machine; texture parameters can be different for different lint lint cleaning processes and processing parameters, according to the lint texture parameters to automatically adjust the number of rows heteroaryl knife effect, the gap and the rotational speed of the discharge rollers serrated knife and heteroaryl serrated roller, lint cleaning implement of adaptive control, to avoid lint "over-cleaning" or "less clean" phenomenon, to improve the processing of cotton-flower production efficiency and clean technology spend quality.

[0005] 为了实现上述目的,本实用新型专利采用如下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme patents:

[0006] 一种锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,包括锯齿辊筒、左右固定立板,调节机构、自动控制系统,锯齿辊筒与三相异步电机连接,左右固定立板上设有第一连接孔,锯齿辊筒的两端通过第一连接孔与左右固定立板连接,排杂刀架两端分别通过螺栓与左活动立板、右活动立板连接,排杂刀安装在排杂刀架上;所述调节机构包括排杂刀作用数量调节机构、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构、以及锯齿辊筒转速调节机构;自动控制系统包括PLC控制器、智能检测传感器以及上位机,上位机分别与PLC控制器、智能检测传感器连接,PLC控制器与调节机构连接,可根据上位机指令控制调节机构运动。 [0006] A band saw lint cleaning CNC machine, comprising a serrated roller around the fixed riser, the adjustment mechanism, the automatic control system, with the serrated roller asynchronous motor is connected, about a fixed vertical plate provided with a first connecting hole , serrated roller ends are connected by a first connection hole around the fixed vertical plates, trash holder using bolts at both ends of the left vertical plate activity, a right vertical plate connected activity, trash knife holder mounted on a trash ; number of rows of the adjustment mechanism comprises an adjustment mechanism acting heteroaryl knife, serrated knife and trash roll gap adjusting mechanism, and a serrated roller rotational speed setting means; PLC automatic control system includes a controller, and a smart detection sensor PC, PC are respectively connected to the PLC controller, intelligent detection sensor, the controller PLC is connected with the adjustment mechanism, the adjustment mechanism may be controlled according to the motion commands from the host.

[0007] 所述排杂刀作用数量调节机构包括排杂刀挡板、电动推杆下支撑板、电动推杆上支撑板、曲柄连杆、电动推杆,电动推杆的一端分别通过电动推杆下支撑板、电动推杆上支撑板与右活动立板连接,电动推杆的另一端与曲柄连杆的一端连接,曲柄连杆的另一端与排杂刀挡板的一端连接,曲柄与活动立板连接,排杂刀架设有第二连接孔,排杂刀挡板两端通过第二连接孔与排杂刀架连接,电动推杆与正反转电机连接,电动推杆通过齿轮减速结构与丝杆螺母副连接,把电机的旋转运动变成直线运动,利用电机正反转完成推杆的伸缩动作。 [0007] The effect of the number of trash blade support adjustment mechanism comprises a plate shutter blade row heteroaryl, lower electric push rod support plate, an electric push rod, crank and connecting rod, an electric push rod, the push rod one end of each electric motor by pushing a support plate, an electric push rod support plate and the right vertical plate activities lower rod is connected, at one end and the other end of the electric push rod crank rod is connected to another end of the excluder baffle blade crank rod is connected to the crank activities riser connector, trash holder is provided second connecting hole, both ends of the second shutter blade row heteroaryl connected with the exhaust hole is connected through a hetero holder, connecting the electric motor positive push rod, the push rod through a gear reduction motor structure and screw nut connection, the rotary motion of a motor into rectilinear motion by the motor to complete the reversing operation of the telescopic ram.

[0008] 所述排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构包括左右活动立板连接杆、托架推拉杆、伺服电机;左活动立板与右活动立板通过多根左右活动立板连接杆连接,所述左活动立板、右活动立板上分别设有滚动导轨,左活动立板、右活动立板通过四副导轨与左右固定立板配合,左右活动立板连接杆与托架推拉杆连接,托架推拉杆上设有丝杠螺母,丝杠螺母与滚珠丝杠连接,伺服电机通过减速器、联轴器与滚珠丝杠连接,伺服电机通过线路与PLC控制器连接、接收PLC控制器与上位机的指令信息,实现排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙的自动调节。 [0008] The discharge heteroaryl serrated blade and roller gap adjusting mechanism comprises a connecting rod about the activities riser bracket push-pull rods, the servo motor; left and right vertical plate activities active riser connecting rod through a plurality of right and left vertical plates activity the left vertical plate activity, activity and right vertical guide plates are provided with rolling, the left vertical plate activities, activities and right by four vertical guide plate mate with the left and right vertical plates fixed to the left and right vertical plate active push-pull rod connected to the carriage rod connection, push-pull rod is provided with a bracket spindle nut, the spindle nut is connected with the ball screw, servo motor is connected via a line controller PLC through a speed reducer, connected to the ball screw coupling, a servo motor, receiving control PLC instruction information with the host computer, automatically adjust the discharge gap with the roller knife heteroaryl serrations.

[0009] 所述智能检测传感器包括用于检测待清理皮棉的智能检测传感器1、检测清理后皮棉的智能检测传感器II,智能检测传感器1、智能检测传感器II分别包括回潮率检测模块、图像识别模块,所述回潮率检测模块负责检测棉花的回潮率信息,所述图像识别模块主要负责检测棉花的反射率、黄度和含杂率信息。 [0009] The intelligent sensor includes means for detecting the detection to be cleaned lint smart detection sensor 1, the detection sensor detects the intelligent cleaning II, intelligent detection sensor 1, regain detection module, the image recognition module smart detection sensors respectively comprise lint II the detection module is responsible for detecting moisture regain regain cotton information, the image recognition module is responsible for detecting reflectance of the cotton, and trash content information yellowness. 智能传感器I用来检测待清理皮棉,通过回潮率检测模块,图像采集模块将待清理皮棉的回潮率信息和图像信息传送给上位机,通过上位机中的图像处理等程序能够准确测量出棉花的回潮率、反射率、黄度和含杂率信息,通过PLC控制器发出控制指令,实现对排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙、排杂刀作用数量和锯齿辊筒转速的调节。 Smart sensor I for detecting the lint to be cleaned, moisture regain by the detection module, the image acquisition module to be cleaned lint moisture regain information and image information is transmitted to the host computer, it is possible to accurately measure the cotton through the PC image processing program moisture regain, reflectance, yellowness, and trash content information, a control instruction issued by the controller PLC to achieve adjustment of the serrated knife and heteroaryl discharge roller gap, the number of trash and serrated knife effect roll speed. 智能检测传感器II采集清理后皮棉的回潮率、反射率、黄度和含杂率信息,上位机根据这些性状参数向PLC控制器发出控制指令,进一步调节皮棉清理的工艺参数,从而实现皮棉清理的闭环控制。 Smart II detecting sensor regain collected after cleaning of the lint, reflectance, yellowness, and trash content information, the host computer issuing a control command to the PLC controller according to the parameters of these traits, lint cleaning process parameters further adjusted, thereby achieving a clean lint Closed-loop control.

[0010] 所述三相异步电机与变频器连接,变频器与PLC控制器连接。 [0010] The three-phase asynchronous motors connected to the inverter, the inverter controller is connected to the PLC. 通过变频器实现辊筒转速的实时调节。 Roll speed to achieve real-time by adjusting the inverter.

[0011] 本实用新型的工作原理:PLC和上位机根据检测到的皮棉性状参数,对锯齿式皮清机的清理工艺和加工参数进行设置。 [0011] The working principle of the present invention: PLC lint and PC The texture parameters detected, the process of cleaning and processing parameters crenellated skin cleaning machine settings. 通过排杂刀作用数量调节机构控制排杂刀的作用数量,通过排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构调节排杂刀与锯齿辊筒之间的间隙,通过三相异步电机与变频器连接、对变频器进行参数设置,实现锯齿滚筒转速的实时调节。 By the number of trash knife action control amount adjusting means acting trash knife, serrated blade through the discharge heteroaryl roller gap adjustment mechanism adjusting the gap between the knife and the trash serrated roller, connected by three-phase asynchronous motors with inverter, on the drive parameters, real-time adjustment of the sawtooth drum speed. 具体调节过程是: DETAILED adjustment process:

[0012] 1.排杂刀作用数量的调节是通过排杂刀挡板的开合来实现的。 Number [0012] 1. hetero knife regulate discharge through the discharge opening and closing the shutter blade heteroaryl achieved. 排杂刀挡板的开合由电动推杆驱动,开合控制根据PLC和上位机发出的指令进行。 Heteroaryl discharge opening and closing the shutter blade driven by an electric ram, the opening and closing control command according to the host computer and PLC. 当排杂刀挡板闭合时,由于它的阻挡作用,棉纤维在随锯齿滚筒高速旋转的过程中就不会被离心力甩出,也就不会受到排杂刀的除杂作用,避免了排杂刀刀刃对棉纤维的冲击。 When the shutter is closed trash tool, due to its blocking effect, cotton fiber would not thrown by centrifugal force during high-speed rotation of the drum with the serration, the impurity removal effect will not be trash knife, to avoid the discharge impact on the knife blade heteroaryl cotton fibers. 当排杂刀挡板打开时,排杂刀可以继续进行排杂清理。 When the shutter is open trash knife, knife trash clean trash can proceed. 即排杂刀挡板闭合时,排杂刀失去排杂作用,打开时,排杂刀可继续排杂工作。 I.e. closed shutter blade row heteroaryl, heteroaryl knife lost trash discharge effect, open, trash trash can continue to work tool.

[0013] 2.排杂刀与锯齿辊筒的间隙调节是通过伺服电机来驱动,伺服电机可实现精确的微距调节。 Clearance [0013] 2. the discharge heteroaryl serrated knife and the roller is adjusted by a servo motor to drive the servo motor for precise adjustment of the macro. 传动机构可把伺服电机的转动转化为两个活动立板的前后移动,活动立板上装有排杂刀、排杂刀挡板、电动推杆等,活动立板的上下两侧安装滚动导轨,活动立板前后的移动可带动排杂刀的前后移动,从而实现了锯齿辊筒与排杂刀间隙的调节。 The front and rear gear-rotation servomotor can be converted to the active two upright plate moves, the movable stand trash board with a knife, the knife trash shutter, electric push rod, mounted on both sides of vertical plate vertically movable rolling guide, activities before and after the movement of the upright plate can be moved front and rear drive heteroaryl knife, serrated adjustment to achieve the excluder knife roll gap. 间隙调节机构采用消除间隙的滚动导轨,导向精度高、响应性好,传动机构选用滚珠丝杠,无间隙、高灵敏度,伺服电机通过减速器、联轴器与滚珠丝杆连接。 Gap adjusting mechanism using the rolling guide to eliminate the gap, high guiding precision, good response, selection of a ball screw drive mechanism, without a gap, high sensitivity, a servo motor connected to the ball screw through a speed reducer, coupling. 从而此间隙调节机构可实现0.8-1.6mm之间的微小间隙的调节,且能保证定位精度达到0.1mm。 Thus modulating the gap between the small gap 0.8-1.6mm mechanism can be realized, and can ensure the positioning accuracy of 0.1mm.

[0014] 本实用新型的有益效果:[0015] 1.能够根据棉花的性状参数实时调节排杂刀的作用数量,防止过清理或欠清理,减小棉纤维的损伤。 [0014] The beneficial effects of the present invention: [0015] 1. The texture parameters can be adjusted in real time according to the number of cotton trash knife effect, prevent over-cleaning or under-cleaning, reducing damage to the cotton fibers.

[0016] 2.间隙调节机构采用消除间隙的滚动导轨,导向精度高、响应性好,传动机构选用滚珠丝杠,无间隙、高灵敏度,伺服电机通过减速器、联轴器与滚珠丝杆连接,定位精度高,保证了对间隙的精确控制,实现了微小间隙的调节。 [0016] 2. The gap adjusting mechanism using the rolling guide to eliminate the gap, high guiding precision, good response, selection of a ball screw drive mechanism, without a gap, high sensitivity, a servo motor connected to the ball screw through a speed reducer, coupling , high positioning accuracy, to ensure precise control of the gap, achieve a slight gap adjustment.

[0017] 3.本实用新型通过调节排杂刀的作用数量、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒的间隙、以及锯齿辊筒的转速三个参数,有效解决了提高清杂效率与降低纤维损伤之间的矛盾,保证了产品的加工、清理质量,同时减轻过清理、减小棉纤维的损伤,降低了不合格损失,增加企业的经济效益。 [0017] 3. The action of the present invention by adjusting the number of knife rows heteroaryl, heteroaryl discharge gap serrated blade and roller, and a rotational speed of roll serrated three parameters, an effective solution to increase the clearance between efficiency and reduced fiber damage heteroaryl contradictions, to ensure that the processed products, cleaning quality, while reducing excessive cleaning, reducing damage to the cotton fiber, reducing failure losses, increase economic efficiency of enterprises.

附图说明: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

[0018] 图1为本实用新型的结构示意图; [0018] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the new utility;

[0019] 图2为排杂刀作用数量调节机构示意图; [0019] FIG. 2 is a schematic view means the number of knife rows regulate heteroaryl;

[0020] 图3为排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构示意图; [0020] FIG. 3 is a schematic heteroaryl discharge mechanism serrated knife and the roller gap adjustment;

[0021] 图4为本实用新型自动控制系统原理框图。 [0021] FIG. 4 is a schematic block diagram of an automatic control system invention.

[0022] 图中,1.排杂刀挡板,2.排杂刀架,3.排杂刀,4.左活动立板,5.滚动导轨,6.左右活动立板连接杆,7.托架推拉杆,8.丝杠螺母,9.滚珠丝杠,10.联轴器,11.减速器,12.伺服电机,13.曲柄连杆,14.电动推杆下支撑板,15.右活动立板,16.电动推杆,17.电动推杆上支撑板,18.锯齿棍筒,19.固定立板。 [0022] FIG, 1. Trash knife baffle, 2. Trash tool holder 3. Trash knife, 4 left riser activity, 5 rolling guide about 6 active riser connecting rod 7. push-pull rod cradle, 8. spindle nut, 9 a ball screw, 10. coupling, 11. reducer 12. the servo motor 13. crank connecting rod, 14 electric push rod lower support plate 15. a right vertical plate activity, 16 electronic rod 17. the support plate electric push rod 18. serrated stick cylinder 19 fixed riser.

具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

[0023] 下面结合附图与实施例对本实用新型专利做进一步说明。 The drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in Patent [0023] The following binding.

[0024] 结合图1至图4,本实用新型的锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,包括锯齿辊筒18、左右固定立板19,调节机构、自动控制系统,锯齿辊筒18与三相异步电机连接,左右固定立板19上设有第一连接孔,锯齿辊筒18的两端通过第一连接孔与左右固定立板19连接,排杂刀架2两端分别通过螺栓与左活动立板4、右活动立板15连接,排杂刀3安装在排杂刀架2上;所述调节机构包括排杂刀作用数量调节机构、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构、以及锯齿辊筒转速调节机构;自动控制系统包括PLC控制器、智能检测传感器以及上位机,上位机分别与PLC控制器、智能检测传感器连接,PLC控制器与调节机构连接,可根据上位机指令控制调节机构运动。 [0024] Figures 1 to 4 in conjunction with the present invention sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machines, comprising a serrated roller 18, the left and right vertical plate 19 fixed to the adjustment mechanism, the automatic control system, serrated roller 18 is connected to the three-phase asynchronous motors left and right vertical plate provided with a first fixing hole 19 is connected, at both ends of the serrated roller 18 through the first connection hole 19 is connected to the left and right vertical fixing plate, trash holder 2 using bolts at both ends of the left vertical plate 4 activity , a right vertical plate 15 are connected activity, trash blade 3 is mounted on the holder 2 row heteroaryl; said heteroaryl adjusting mechanism comprises a discharge amount adjustment mechanism acting knives, knife and trash serrated roller gap adjusting mechanism and the roll speed serrated adjusting means; automatic control system includes a PLC controller, smart sensors, and detects the host computer, the host computer are connected to the PLC controller, intelligent detection sensor, the controller PLC is connected with the adjustment mechanism, the adjustment mechanism may be controlled according to the motion commands from the host.

[0025] 结合图2,排杂刀作用数量调节机构包括排杂刀挡板1、电动推杆下支撑板14、电动推杆上支撑板17、曲柄连杆13、电动推杆16,电动推杆16的一端分别通过电动推杆下支撑板14、电动推杆上支撑板17与右活动立板15连接,电动推杆16的另一端与曲柄连杆13的一端连接,曲柄连杆13的另一端与排杂刀挡板I的一端连接,曲柄与活动立板15连接。 [0025] in conjunction with FIG. 2, the number of rows regulate heteroaryl knife mechanism includes a shutter blade rows heteroaryl, under an electric push rod support plate 14, the support plate 17 on an electric push rod, crank and connecting rod 13, an electric push rod 16, an electric push end of the rod 16, respectively through the lower support plate electric push rod 14, a support plate 17 connected to a right vertical plate 15 activity, an electric push rod and the other end of the crank rod 13 is connected to one end of an electric push rod 16, the crank link 13 and one end of excluder baffle blade I is connected to the crank 15 is connected to the movable vertical plate. 排杂刀架2设有第二连接孔,排杂刀挡板I两端通过第二连接孔与排杂刀架2连接,电动推杆16与正反转电机连接,电动推杆16通过齿轮减速结构与丝杆螺母副连接,把电机的旋转运动变成直线运动,利用电机正反转完成推杆16的伸缩动作。 Trash holder 2 is provided with a second connecting hole, both ends of the shutter blade row hetero I second connection holes are connected by the exhaust heteroaryl holder 2, the push rod 16 and the electric motor reversing connection, the push rod 16 through a gear motor structure and deceleration screw nut connection, the rotary motion of a motor into rectilinear motion by the motor to complete the reversing operation of the telescopic ram 16. 电动推杆16的伸缩推动曲柄连杆13旋转,从而带动排杂刀挡板I转动,实现排杂刀挡板I相对于排杂刀3的开合作用,从而实现排杂刀作用数量的调节。 Electric rotary push rod 13 telescopically driven crank rod 16, thereby driving the shutter blade row heteroaryl rotation I, I realized trash shutter blade knife with respect to the discharge opening heteroaryl cooperation with 3, in order to achieve the role of the number of knife rows heteroaryl adjustment . 本锯齿式皮清机共有七把排杂刀3,其中第一把排杂刀3的安装位置及排杂刀结构特殊,不需要增加排杂刀挡板I来屏蔽其排杂作用,其余六把排杂刀,每把排杂刀3的上方均安装一个可旋转开合的排杂刀挡板I。 This skin-type serrations clear rows heteroaryl Machine has seven blade 3, wherein the first row of the special tool mounting positions and exhaust heteroaryl hetero blade structure 3 without increasing the shutter blade row heteroaryl trash I to shield its role, the remaining six the trash blade, each row of the upper blade 3 heteroatoms are rotatably mounted a discharge opening and closing the shutter blade heteroaryl I. 排杂刀挡板I处于打开状态时,排杂刀3正常工作;当排杂刀挡板I处于闭合状态时,排杂刀3将不起排杂作用。 I trash shutter blade is in the open state, exhaust blade 3 heteroatoms normal operation; when the exhaust heteroaryl shutter blade I is in the closed state, the blade 3 can not afford to trash trash effect.

[0026] 结合图3,排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构包括左右活动立板连接杆6、托架推拉杆7、伺服电机12 ;左活动立板4与右活动立板15通过多根左右活动立板连接杆6连接,所述左活动立板4、右活动立板15上分别设有滚动导轨5,左活动立板4、右活动立板15通过四副导轨与左右固定立板19配合,左右活动立板连接杆6与托架推拉杆7连接,托架推拉杆7上设有丝杠螺母8,丝杠螺母8与滚珠丝杠9连接,伺服电机12通过减速器11、联轴器10与滚珠丝杠9连接,伺服电机12通过线路与PLC控制器连接、接收PLC控制器与上位机的指令信息,实现排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙的自动调节。 [0026] in conjunction with FIG. 3, the discharge heteroaryl serrated knife and roll gap adjusting mechanism comprises a connecting rod about 6 active riser bracket push rod 7, the servo motor 12; the left vertical plate 4 and the right event activities by a plurality of vertical plates 15 activity around the connecting rod 6 connected to the vertical plate, the left vertical plate 4 activities, the activities and right vertical plate 5 are respectively provided with rolling guide, event left vertical plate 4, a right plate 15 activity by four vertical rails fixed to the left and right vertical plate 15 19 with the left and right vertical plate active connecting rod 6 and the carriage 7 is connected to the push rod, the push rod is provided with a bracket 8 on the spindle nut 7, the spindle nut 8 is connected with the ball screw 9, the servo motor 12 through a speed reducer 11, 9 is connected to the ball screw coupling 10, the servo motor 12 is connected via a line to the PLC controller, a PLC controller receives the instruction information with the host computer, automatically adjust the discharge gap with the roller knife heteroaryl serrations. 固定立板19是固定不动的,左右活动立板4、右活动立板15通过滚动导轨可以在固定立板19上滑动。 Riser 19 is fixed to stationary, vertical left and right mobile plate 4, a right vertical plate 15 may be slid activity on the fixed upright guide plate 19 by rolling. 伺服电机12通过减速器11、联轴器10带动滚珠丝杠9转动,驱动丝杠螺母8及固连在丝杠螺母8上的托架推拉杆7直线移动,托架拖拉杆7的直线移动带动安装有排杂刀的左活动立板4、右活动立板15同时沿滚动导轨5移动,实现排杂刀3与锯齿辊筒18间隙的调节。 Servo motor 12 through a speed reducer 11, the coupling 10 driven ball screw 9 is rotated, the drive spindle nut 8 and a bracket secured on the spindle nut 8 is moved linearly push-pull rod 7, the carriage moves linearly drag lever 7 driven cutter mounted excluder activity left vertical plate 4, a right vertical plate 15 simultaneously active in the rolling movement of the guide rail 5, to achieve emission regulation blade 3 hetero gap 18 and the serrated roller.

[0027] 结合图4,智能检测传感器包括用于检测待清理皮棉的智能检测传感器1、检测清理后皮棉的智能检测传感器II,智能检测传感器1、智能检测传感器II分别包括回潮率检测模块、图像识别模块,所述回潮率检测模块负责检测棉花的回潮率信息,所述图像识别模块主要负责检测棉花的反射率、黄度和含杂率信息。 [0027] in conjunction with FIG. 4, comprises a detection sensor for detecting a smart be cleaned lint smart detection sensor 1, the detection sensor detects smart clean lint II, intelligent detection sensor 1, the smart sensor detects moisture regain II include detecting module, an image identification module, the detection module is responsible for detecting moisture regain regain cotton information, the image recognition module is responsible for detecting reflectance of the cotton, and trash content information yellowness. 智能传感器I用来检测待清理皮棉,通过回潮率检测模块,图像采集模块将待清理皮棉的回潮率信息和图像信息传送给上位机,通过上位机中的图像处理等程序能够准确测量出棉花的回潮率、反射率、黄度和含杂率信息,上位机中的智能专家系统根据这些检测到的信息制定合适的加工工艺,并对调节机构进行参数设置,通过PLC控制器发出控制指令,实现对排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙、排杂刀作用数量和锯齿辊筒转速的调节。 Smart sensor I for detecting the lint to be cleaned, moisture regain by the detection module, the image acquisition module to be cleaned lint moisture regain information and image information is transmitted to the host computer, it is possible to accurately measure the cotton through the PC image processing program moisture regain intelligent expert system, reflectance, yellowness, and trash content information, the host computer in accordance with the development of these detection information to a suitable processing technology, and means for adjusting parameters, PLC control instructions issued by the controller to achieve heteroaryl row of serrated knife and the roller gap, and adjusting the number of rows of serrations roll speed heteroaryl knife effect. 智能检测传感器II采集清理后皮棉的回潮率、反射率、黄度和含杂率信息,上位机根据这些性状参数向PLC控制器发出控制指令,进一步调节皮棉清理的工艺参数,从而实现皮棉清理的闭环控制。 Smart II detecting sensor regain collected after cleaning of the lint, reflectance, yellowness, and trash content information, the host computer issuing a control command to the PLC controller according to the parameters of these traits, lint cleaning process parameters further adjusted, thereby achieving a clean lint Closed-loop control.

[0028] 三相异步电机与变频器连接,变频器与PLC控制器连接。 [0028] The three-phase asynchronous motors connected to the inverter, the inverter controller is connected to the PLC. 通过变频器实现辊筒转速的实时调节。 Roll speed to achieve real-time by adjusting the inverter.

[0029] 上述虽然结合附图对本实用新型的具体实施方式进行了描述,但并非对本实用新型保护范围的限制,所属领域技术人员应该明白,在本实用新型的技术方案的基础上,本领域技术人员不需要付出创造性劳动即可做出的各种修改或变形仍在本实用新型的保护范围以内。 [0029] The combination with drawings of the present invention to specific embodiments described, but not limiting the novel scope of the present invention is protected, one of ordinary skill in the art should understand that, on the basis of the present invention the technical solution, the skilled do not need to pay within a variety of creative work can still make modifications or changes the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,包括锯齿辊筒、左右固定立板,锯齿辊筒与三相异步电机连接,左右固定立板上设有第一连接孔,锯齿辊筒的两端通过第一连接孔与左右固定立板连接,排杂刀架两端分别通过螺栓与左活动立板、右活动立板连接,排杂刀安装在排杂刀架上,其特征是,还包括调节机构、自动控制系统,所述调节机构包括排杂刀作用数量调节机构、排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构、以及锯齿辊筒转速调节机构;自动控制系统包括PLC控制器、智能检测传感器以及上位机,上位机分别与PLC控制器、智能检测传感器连接,PLC控制器与调节机构连接,根据上位机指令控制调节机构运动。 A sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machines, comprising a serrated roller around the fixed riser, serrated roll with the asynchronous motor is connected, about a fixed vertical plate provided with a first connecting hole, both ends by roller serrations connected to the first connection hole around the fixed vertical plates, trash holder using bolts at both ends of the left vertical plate activity, a right vertical plate connected activity, trash knife holder mounted on the trash, characterized by further comprising adjusting means the automatic control system, the adjustment mechanism comprises a number of blade rows regulate mechanism heteroaryl, heteroaryl row serrated knife and roll gap adjusting mechanism, and the serrated roller speed adjusting mechanism; automatic control system includes a PLC controller, intelligent sensors and detection PC, PC are connected to the PLC controller, intelligent detection sensor, and adjusting means connected to the controller PLC, motion control adjustment mechanism in accordance with commands from the host.
2.如权利要求1所述的锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,其特征是,所述排杂刀作用数量调节机构包括排杂刀挡板、电动推杆下支撑板、电动推杆上支撑板、曲柄连杆、电动推杆,电动推杆的一端分别通过电动推杆下支撑板、电动推杆上支撑板与右活动立板连接,电动推杆的另一端与曲柄连杆的一端连接,曲柄连杆的另一端与排杂刀挡板的一端连接,曲柄与活动立板连接,排杂刀架设有第二连接孔,排杂刀挡板两端通过第二连接孔与排杂刀架连接,电动推杆与正反转电机连接,电动推杆通过齿轮减速结构与丝杆螺母副连接。 2. The sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machine according to claim 1, wherein said discharge amount adjusting mechanism acting heteroaryl blade rows comprising a shutter blade heteroaryl, lower electric push rod support plate, an electric push rod support plate, toggle link, an electric push rod, the push rod end of the electric motor-driven push rod respectively lower support plate, an electric push rod support plate and the right vertical plate active connection, one end of an electric push rod and the other end connected to the crank rod, crank the other end of the connecting rod connected to one end of the excluder baffle blade, the movable vertical plate connected to the crank, trash holder is provided second connecting hole, both ends of the second shutter blade row heteroaryl connection with the discharge aperture by the blade connecting heteroaryl , reversing electric motor connected to the push rod, the push rod through a gear reduction motor connected to the sub-structure and the spindle nut.
3.如权利要求1所述的锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,其特征是,所述排杂刀与锯齿辊筒间隙调节机构包括左右活动立板连接杆、托架推拉杆、伺服电机;左活动立板与右活动立板通过多根左右活动立板连接杆连接,所述左活动立板、右活动立板上分别设有滚动导轨,左活动立板、右活动立板通过四副导轨与左右固定立板配合,左右活动立板连接杆与托架推拉杆连接,托架推拉杆上设有丝杠螺母,丝杠螺母与滚珠丝杠连接,伺服电机通过减速器、联轴器与滚珠丝杠连接,伺服电机通过线路与PLC控制器连接、接收PLC控制器与上位机的指令信息。 As claimed in zigzag CNC lint cleaning machine according to a push-pull rod carriage, a servo motor, characterized in that the serrated blade row heteroaryl roller gap adjusting mechanism comprises a left vertical plate active connecting rod; activity left and a right vertical plate active riser connecting rod through a plurality of right and left vertical plate activities, activities of the left vertical plate right activities are provided upright rolling guide plate, the left vertical plate activities, activities and right by four vertical guide plate and left and right vertical fixing plate with the left and right connecting rods riser active push-pull rods connected to the bracket, the bracket is provided with a push-pull rod the spindle nut, the spindle nut is connected with the ball screw, servo motor through a speed reducer, and the coupling ball screw connection, the servo motor is connected via a line controller PLC, PLC controller receives the instruction information with the host computer.
4.如权利要求1所述的锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,其特征是,所述智能检测传感器包括用于检测待清理皮棉的智能检测传感器1、检测清理后皮棉的智能检测传感器II,智能检测传感器1、智能检测传感器II分别包括回潮率检测模块、图像识别模块,所述回潮率检测模块负责检测棉花的回潮率信息,所述图像识别模块主要负责检测棉花的反射率、黄度和含杂率信息。 4. The sawtooth CNC lint cleaning machine according to claim 1, wherein the smart sensor includes a detection, the detection sensor detects the intelligent cleaning II, intelligent detection lint for smart detection sensor to be cleaned of lint 1 sensor, intelligent sensor detects moisture regain II include detecting module, an image recognition module, the detection module is responsible for detecting moisture regain regain cotton information, the image recognition module is responsible for detecting reflectance of the cotton, and hetero yellowness rate information.
5.如权利要求1所述的锯齿式数控皮棉清理机,其特征是,所述三相异步电机与变频器连接,变频器与PLC控制器连接。 5. CNC sawtooth lint cleaning machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the three-phase asynchronous motors connected to the inverter, the inverter is connected to the controller PLC.
CN 201320042604 2013-01-28 2013-01-28 CNC serrated lint cleaning machine CN203187816U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046168A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-04-17 山东大学 Sawtooth-type numerical control lint cleaning machine
CN105251563A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 中国矿业大学 Automatic speed adjustment control system of toothed roll crusher and control method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046168A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-04-17 山东大学 Sawtooth-type numerical control lint cleaning machine
CN103046168B (en) * 2013-01-28 2015-10-28 山东大学 Serration type numerical control lint cotton cleaner
CN105251563A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 中国矿业大学 Automatic speed adjustment control system of toothed roll crusher and control method

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