CN203181921U - Grain dryer - Google Patents

Grain dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203181921U
CN203181921U CN 201320191784 CN201320191784U CN203181921U CN 203181921 U CN203181921 U CN 203181921U CN 201320191784 CN201320191784 CN 201320191784 CN 201320191784 U CN201320191784 U CN 201320191784U CN 203181921 U CN203181921 U CN 203181921U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
grain
fan
foodstuff drying
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201320191784
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牟小云
Original Assignee
陕西理工学院
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陕西理工学院 filed Critical 陕西理工学院
Priority to CN 201320191784 priority Critical patent/CN203181921U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203181921U publication Critical patent/CN203181921U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a grain dryer which comprises a support rack body, wherein a shaft bracket is arranged on the support rack body; a rotary shaft is sleeved in the support rack body; a fan is connected onto the support rack body; a rolling barrel mechanism and a heating mechanism are mounted at the outer side of the rotary shaft and are coaxial to the rotary shaft; two ends of the rolling barrel mechanism are respectively inserted into two fixed end covers; a motor is also arranged on the support rack body; the heating mechanism, the fan and the motor are respectively connected to a control switch through a conducting wire; the control switch is connected with a plug through a conducting wire. The grain dryer can be used for drying a small quantity of grains, and is simple and convenient to operate, low in power consumption, simple in structure and low in cost as well as used for effectively solving the problems of grain mildew, grain metamorphism and grain sprouting caused by humid environments. Thus, the grain dryer is especially suitable for household application.

Description

Foodstuff drying device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the drying plant technical field, is specifically related to a kind of foodstuff drying device.
Background technology
Mainly rely on the natural drying method at China's grain drying; but after running into harvesting grain, regular meeting runs into abominable rainy weather in the rural area; or the crops maturation is settled constantly overcast and rainy; the grain of peasant's withdrawal at this moment just goes rotten easily, rotten, germination; cause very big loss to peasant household, this is carried out the design of family expenses foodstuff drying device.The main machinery that adopts of this design carries out the grain heat-drying operation, is applicable to that the grain heat-drying amount is not very big peasant household, and characteristics such as movement simple to operate, in light weight, easy, cost be low are arranged, and can allow very safe the depositing several days of grain, guarantees the quality of grain.
External grain drying technology starts from the 1950's, existing 60 years of development history, and up till now for increasingly automated and intelligent to realizing, grain drying is in enormous quantities, efficient, high-quality, energy-conservation, low-cost development.As the more typical circulation dryer series that companies such as the Yamamoto of Japan, Zuo Zhu produce, the grain dry machinery level has reached 90%.China is maximum in the world grain-production and country of consumption, reason owing to aspects such as economy and technology, except large-scale farm and economic flourishing area, rely on traditional airing method more than the grain drying, the mechanization degree of grain drying is very low, along with the improvement of grain kind and the raising of output, country increases the investment of grain drying device, builds the more and more of large, medium and small type grain heat-drying facility.As the handsome English drying machine of Tieling, three nine-day periods after the winter solstice drying machine in Jiangsu, the gold drying machine in Shanghai etc.
The dry run of grain is heat transferred grain, makes the moisture content in grain evaporation, reaches dry purpose.The R﹠D work of carrying out foodstuff drying device that do not stop of people in recent years, a large amount of foodstuff drying device innovative designs have been emerged in large numbers, " moveable grain dryer " (publication number: CN2404078, open day: on November 1st, 2000) mainly constituted by air blast, hot-blast stove, air inlet duct, drying chamber, buncher as the Guo of Guolian Electromechanical Equipment Engineering Co., Ltd., Jilin Prov. ten thousand gifts." the circulating foodstuff drying device of heat energy " of Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province city Zhang Zongxiang design (publication number: CN2441100, open day: August 1 calendar year 2001), formed by main inner/outer tube by drying chamber, flow fan, heater, vibratory sieve etc.Their characteristics mainly are: dry by hot blast, though guarantee the quality of grain preferably, complex structure, production cost height, be not suitable for family's oven dry grain in a small amount usually and use.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of foodstuff drying device, has solved existing drying machine structure complexity, is not suitable for the problem of using when grain is dried in a small amount in family.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: foodstuff drying device, comprise supporting frame, supporting frame is provided with bracing strut, bracing strut inside is sheathed with rotating shaft, be connected with fan on the supporting frame, the outside of rotating shaft is equipped with cylinder mechanism and heating arrangements, and cylinder mechanism and heating arrangements are coaxial with rotating shaft; The two ends of cylinder mechanism are inserted in two respectively fixedly in the end cap, also are provided with motor on the supporting frame; Heating arrangements, fan and motor are connected to gauge tap by lead respectively, and gauge tap is connected with plug by lead.
Characteristics of the present utility model also are,
Supporting frame comprises gripper shoe, and the gripper shoe below is symmetrically arranged with four supporting legs, is provided with the crossbeam parallel with gripper shoe between per two supporting legs, is provided with the fan installing plate between gripper shoe and the crossbeam, and fan is installed on the fan installing plate.
Bracing strut comprises the support body of an isosceles triangle, and the drift angle place of support body is provided with columnar axle sleeve, is provided with montant between the bottom of axle sleeve and support body, fixedlys connected with the upper surface of gripper shoe in the bottom of support body, and the inside of axle sleeve is sheathed with rotating shaft.
Cylinder mechanism comprises the Intranet tube of cylindrical and inner hollow, and Intranet tube side is provided with opening, and the inwall of Intranet tube evenly is provided with several blades along circumference; The outside of Intranet tube and be provided with the slip plectrum corresponding to the position of opening.
Fixedly end cap is a circular slab, and stiff end covers first projection that is provided with annular, and first projection is provided with arc groove, and stiff end covers second projection that also is provided with annular; The two ends of slip plectrum are embedded in respectively in the arc groove that two stiff ends cover, and the two ends of Intranet tube are embedded in first respectively and convex to form in the circular trough, and the two ends of rotating shaft are embedded in respectively in the second protruding formed circular trough.
Heating arrangements comprises symmetrically arranged two the arc heating chambers of wound drum mechanism, the inner hollow of two heating chambers, and the inside at heating chamber evenly is provided with several heating tubes along the circular arc direction, and the top of heating chamber is provided with feedboard, and the below of heating chamber is provided with reclaiming plate; The lower end of two heating chambers is respectively arranged with fixed head.
The inwall of heating chamber is network structure.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: can dry a spot of grain, and easy and simple to handle, little power consumption, simple in structure, cost is low, has prevented that effectively the grain that environment through moisture causes from going rotten, rotten, the problem of germinateing, and is particularly suitable for using with family.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model foodstuff drying device;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of supporting frame in the utility model foodstuff drying device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model foodstuff drying device bottom bracket;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model foodstuff drying device intermediate roll mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the fixing structural representation of end cap in the utility model foodstuff drying device;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of heating arrangements in the utility model foodstuff drying device.
Among the figure, 1. supporting frame, 2. bracing strut, 3. rotating shaft, 4. cylinder mechanism, 5. heating arrangements, 6. fan, 7. fixedly end cap, 8. motor, 9. gauge tap, 10. plug, 101. supporting legs, 102. gripper shoe, 103. fan installing plates, 104. crossbeams, 201. support body, 202. montants, 203. axle sleeves, 401. the Intranet tube, 402. blades, 403. openings, 404. the slip plectrum, 501. feedboards, 502. heating chambers, 503. heating tube, 504. fixed heads, 505. reclaiming plates, 701. first projection, 702. second projectioies, 703. arc grooves.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment the utility model is elaborated.
The structure of foodstuff drying device of the present utility model as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise supporting frame 1, supporting frame 1 is provided with bracing strut 2, bracing strut 2 inside are sheathed with rotating shaft 3, be connected with fan 6 on the supporting frame 1, the outside of rotating shaft 3 is equipped with cylinder mechanism 4 and heating arrangements 5, and cylinder mechanism 4 and heating arrangements 5 are coaxial with rotating shaft 3; The two ends of cylinder mechanism 4 are inserted in two respectively fixedly in the end cap 7, also are provided with motor 8 on the supporting frame 1; Heating arrangements 5, fan 6 and motor 8 are connected to gauge tap 9 by lead respectively, and gauge tap 9 is connected with plug 10 by lead.
As shown in Figure 3, supporting frame 1 comprises gripper shoe 102, gripper shoe 102 belows are symmetrically arranged with four supporting legs 101, be provided with the crossbeam 104 parallel with gripper shoe 102 between per two supporting legs 101, be provided with fan installing plate 103 between gripper shoe 102 and the crossbeam 104, fan 6 is installed on the fan installing plate 103.
As shown in Figure 4, bracing strut 2 comprises the support body 201 of an isosceles triangle, the drift angle place of support body 201 is provided with columnar axle sleeve 203, be provided with montant 202 between the bottom of axle sleeve 203 and support body 201, fixedly connected with the upper surface of gripper shoe 102 in the bottom of support body 201, the inside of axle sleeve 203 is sheathed with rotating shaft 3.
As shown in Figure 5, cylinder mechanism 4 comprises the Intranet tube 401 of cylindrical and inner hollow, and Intranet tube 401 sides are provided with opening 403, and the inwall of Intranet tube 401 evenly is provided with several blades 402 along circumference; The outside of Intranet tube 401 and be provided with slip plectrum 404 corresponding to the position of opening 403.
As shown in Figure 6, fixedly end cap 7 is a circular slab, and fixedly end cap 7 first projection, 701, the first projectioies 701 that are provided with annular are provided with arc groove 703, fixedly also are provided with second projection 702 of annular on the end cap 7; The two ends of slip plectrum 404 are embedded in two respectively fixedly in the arc groove 703 on the end cap 7, and the two ends of Intranet tube 402 are embedded in respectively during first projection 701 forms in the circular troughs, and the two ends of rotating shaft 3 are embedded in respectively in second projection, the 702 formed circular troughs.
As shown in Figure 7, heating arrangements 5 comprises wound drum mechanism 4 symmetrically arranged two arc heating chambers 502, the inner hollow of two heating chambers 502, and the inside at heating chamber 502 evenly is provided with several heating tubes 503 along the circular arc direction, the top of heating chamber 502 is provided with feedboard 501, and the below of heating chamber 502 is provided with reclaiming plate 505; The lower end of two heating chambers 502 is respectively arranged with fixed head 504.
The inwall of heating chamber 502 is network structure.
During work, grain is poured into the inside of cylinder mechanism 4 by feedboard 501, again slip plectrum 404 is slided, make charging aperture seal, start heating arrangements 5, grain is heated, restart motor 8, make cylinder mechanism 4 beginning low speed rotation (60r/min~90r/min) by the band transmission, heating tube 503 toasts the grain in the Intranet tube 402 by radiation, after being baked to certain hour (removing most of moisture), close the power supply of motor 8 and heating tube 503, open fan 6, cylinder mechanism 4 stops operating, stir slip plectrum 404 again, hand rotation Intranet tube 402 is poured out grain, and hot water vapor is removed in 6 pairs of grain blowings of fan in this process.
By the way, the utility model has solved existing drying machine structure complexity, is not suitable for the problem of using when grain is dried in a small amount in family.And foodstuff drying device of the present utility model is easy and simple to handle, and little power consumption is simple in structure, cost is low, has prevented that effectively the grain that environment through moisture causes from going rotten, rotten, the problem of germinateing, and is particularly suitable for family and uses.

Claims (7)

1. foodstuff drying device, it is characterized in that, comprise supporting frame (1), support frame as described above body (1) is provided with bracing strut (2), described bracing strut (2) inside is sheathed with rotating shaft (3), be connected with fan (6) on the support frame as described above body (1), the outside of described rotating shaft (3) is equipped with cylinder mechanism (4) and heating arrangements (5), and described cylinder mechanism (4) and described heating arrangements (5) are coaxial with described rotating shaft (3); The two ends of described cylinder mechanism (4) are inserted in two respectively fixedly in the end cap (7), also are provided with motor (8) on the support frame as described above body (1); Described heating arrangements (5), fan (6) and motor (8) are connected to gauge tap (9) by lead respectively, and described gauge tap (9) is connected with plug (10) by lead.
2. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, support frame as described above body (1) comprises gripper shoe (102), described gripper shoe (102) below is symmetrically arranged with four supporting legs (101), be provided with the crossbeam (104) parallel with gripper shoe (102) between per two described supporting legs (101), be provided with fan installing plate (103) between described gripper shoe (102) and the crossbeam (104), described fan (6) is installed on the described fan installing plate (103).
3. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described bracing strut (2) comprises the support body (201) of an isosceles triangle, the drift angle place of described support body (201) is provided with columnar axle sleeve (203), be provided with montant (202) between the bottom of described axle sleeve (203) and described support body (201), fixedly connected with the upper surface of described gripper shoe (102) in the bottom of described support body (201), the inside of described axle sleeve (203) is sheathed with rotating shaft (3).
4. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described cylinder mechanism (4) comprises the Intranet tube (401) of cylindrical and inner hollow, described Intranet tube (401) side is provided with opening (403), and the inwall of described Intranet tube (401) evenly is provided with several blades (402) along circumference; The outside of described Intranet tube (401) and be provided with slip plectrum (404) corresponding to the position of described opening (403).
5. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described fixedly end cap (7) is a circular slab, described fixedly end cap (7) is provided with first projection (701) of annular, described first projection (701) is provided with arc groove (703), also is provided with second projection (702) of annular on the described fixedly end cap (7); The two ends of described slip plectrum (404) are embedded in described two fixedly in the described arc groove (703) on the end cap (7) respectively, during the two ends of described Intranet tube (402) were embedded in described first projection (701) the formation circular trough respectively, the two ends of described rotating shaft (3) were embedded in respectively in the formed circular trough of described second projection (702).
6. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described heating arrangements (5) comprises around symmetrically arranged two the arc heating chambers of described cylinder mechanism (4) (502), the inner hollow of described two heating chambers (502), and the inside at described heating chamber (502) evenly is provided with several heating tubes (503) along the circular arc direction, the top of described heating chamber (502) is provided with feedboard (501), and the below of described heating chamber (502) is provided with reclaiming plate (505); The lower end of described two heating chambers (502) is respectively arranged with fixed head (504).
7. foodstuff drying device as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, the inwall of described heating chamber (502) is network structure.
CN 201320191784 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Grain dryer CN203181921U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320191784 CN203181921U (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Grain dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320191784 CN203181921U (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Grain dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203181921U true CN203181921U (en) 2013-09-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104266464A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-01-07 齐齐哈尔齐三机床有限公司 Seed drying machine
CN105028629A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Heat balance type grain dryer
CN105028630A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Coarse cereal dryer
CN105028631A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Drum type coarse cereal dryer
CN105053182A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-18 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Simple baking machine for coarse cereals
CN106288702A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 合肥朝霞机械科技有限公司 A kind of drum-type foodstuff drying device
CN108174915A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-06-19 陕西科技大学 A kind of small intelligent foodstuff drying device
CN108955150A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-07 无锡远及科技有限公司 A kind of Tea Production processing microwave drying equipment and its stoving process
CN109000457A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-14 安徽华瑞医药技术开发有限公司 A kind of Radix Astragali drum type drying apparatus
CN109282598A (en) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-29 舒城县文禾家庭农场 A kind of high efficiency drying device of rice paddy seed

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104266464A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-01-07 齐齐哈尔齐三机床有限公司 Seed drying machine
CN104266464B (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-05-18 齐齐哈尔齐三机床有限公司 A kind of seed drying machine
CN105028629A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Heat balance type grain dryer
CN105028630A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Coarse cereal dryer
CN105028631A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Drum type coarse cereal dryer
CN105053182A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-18 成都市新津迎先粮油有限公司 Simple baking machine for coarse cereals
CN106288702A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 合肥朝霞机械科技有限公司 A kind of drum-type foodstuff drying device
CN108174915A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-06-19 陕西科技大学 A kind of small intelligent foodstuff drying device
CN109000457A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-12-14 安徽华瑞医药技术开发有限公司 A kind of Radix Astragali drum type drying apparatus
CN108955150A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-07 无锡远及科技有限公司 A kind of Tea Production processing microwave drying equipment and its stoving process
CN108955150B (en) * 2018-07-27 2020-07-07 揭阳市尖峰茶业有限公司 Microwave drying process for tea production and processing
CN109282598A (en) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-29 舒城县文禾家庭农场 A kind of high efficiency drying device of rice paddy seed

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130911

Termination date: 20140416