CN203177229U - 生物质炉 - Google Patents

生物质炉 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203177229U
CN203177229U CN2013201186206U CN201320118620U CN203177229U CN 203177229 U CN203177229 U CN 203177229U CN 2013201186206 U CN2013201186206 U CN 2013201186206U CN 201320118620 U CN201320118620 U CN 201320118620U CN 203177229 U CN203177229 U CN 203177229U
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Prior art keywords
burner hearth
biomass
furnace
hearth
heater
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潘勇
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GANSU XINNONG ECOLOGY ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GANSU XINNONG ECOLOGY ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

一种生物质炉,包括炉体及炉体内的炉膛,所述炉膛的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开有若干圈通风孔。本实用新型通过炉膛的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开的若干圈通风孔使得煤或生物质固体燃料直接燃烧产生大量的可燃性气体及粒状黑碳得到充分彻底燃烧,可消除黑烟,提高燃料的热能转换率,具有节约燃料成本,保护环境等特点。

Description

生物质炉
技术领域
[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种生物质炉。
背景技术
[0002] 生物质炉具是近几年迅速发展起来的一种家用炊事或取暖设备,他改变了传统炉具以煤炭为燃料的取暖方式,以秸杆、稻草等一切可燃生物质作燃料,在炉内既有明火燃烧也有气化成分,具有没有焦油,不冒黑烟,燃烧充分,热效率高,烟气排放低的优点,非常适合农村家庭使用。但是,现有的生物质炉具的炉膛上都没有进风孔,使得炉膛中的燃料燃烧不充分,而且这种不充分的燃烧产生大量的可燃性气体及粒状碳黑直接外排,存在污染环境的问题。
实用新型内容
[0003] 本实用新型提供一种生物质炉,具有燃烧更充分,能源的利用率更高,同时烟气排放更低的优点。
[0004] 为此,所采用的技术方案为:一种生物质炉,包括炉体及炉体内的炉膛,所述炉膛的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开有若干圈通风孔。
[0005] 所述炉膛由不锈钢材料制成。
[0006] 所述炉膛上端安装有助燃护圈。
[0007] 本实用新型通过炉膛的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开的若干圈通风孔使得煤或生物质固体燃料直接燃烧产生大量的可燃性气体及粒状黑碳得到充分彻底燃烧,可消除黑烟,提高燃料的热能转换率,具有节约燃料成本,保护环境等特点。
附图说明
[0008] 图1为本实用新型的剖面示意图。
具体实施方式
[0009] 下面结合附图对本实用新型作进一步详细说明。
[0010] 参照图1,一种生物质炉,包括炉体6及炉体内的由不锈钢材料制成的炉膛7,该炉膛7下方为燃烧室12,炉膛7和燃烧室12均设置在炉体6内,炉体6设置在炉座底板14上,灰斗15设置在炉座底板14下方且其通过炉齿13和燃烧室12连通,燃烧室12上端和所述炉膛7下端之间设置进烟火圈10,所述炉膛7上端安装有助燃护圈8 ;该助燃护圈8和灶窝4焊接为一体后焊接在炉体6的内壁上,炉体6下部的两侧开有进风孔11,从该进风孔11进来的空气在炉膛7及燃烧室12外壁和炉体6内壁之间的通风空间9中被预热并从炉膛7的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开的若干圈通风孔5中进入炉膛7内和从燃烧室12壁上的进风孔进入燃烧室12内,使燃烧室12内的燃料得以充分燃烧而且从燃烧室进入炉膛内的可燃性气体及粒状碳黑也达到充分彻底燃烧;使火力增大且低排放。所述炉膛7上端安装有助燃护圈8,使炉膛上端外围形成进风口,空气被聚集且预热后通过进风孔11进入炉膛,使炉膛上方的可燃性气体及粒状碳黑达到进一步充分彻底燃烧。

Claims (3)

1.一种生物质炉,包括炉体(6)及炉体内的炉膛(7),其特征在于:所述炉膛(7)的上、中、下部分的壁厚上均开有若干圈通风孔(5)。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种生物质炉,其特征在于:所述炉膛(7)由不锈钢材料制成。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种生物质炉,其特征在于:所述炉膛(7)上端安装有助燃护圈(8)。
CN2013201186206U 2013-03-15 2013-03-15 生物质炉 Active CN203177229U (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104848264A (zh) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 湖南青原阳光环保节能科技有限公司 一种炉膛

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104848264A (zh) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 湖南青原阳光环保节能科技有限公司 一种炉膛
CN104848264B (zh) * 2015-05-29 2017-12-01 湖南青原阳光环保节能科技有限公司 一种炉膛

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PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Transversely closed burning highly effective environment protective energy-saving direct combustion type biomass stove

Effective date of registration: 20170411

Granted publication date: 20130904

Pledgee: Lintao Jincheng village bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Gansu Xinnong Ecology Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2017620000009

Denomination of utility model: Transversely closed burning highly effective environment protective energy-saving direct combustion type biomass stove

Effective date of registration: 20170411

Granted publication date: 20130904

Pledgee: Lintao Jincheng village bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Gansu Xinnong Ecology Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2017620000009

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20191101

Granted publication date: 20130904

Pledgee: Lintao Jincheng village bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Gansu Xinnong Ecology Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2017620000009