CN203177155U - Biomass smokeless boiler - Google Patents

Biomass smokeless boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203177155U
CN203177155U CN 201320189131 CN201320189131U CN203177155U CN 203177155 U CN203177155 U CN 203177155U CN 201320189131 CN201320189131 CN 201320189131 CN 201320189131 U CN201320189131 U CN 201320189131U CN 203177155 U CN203177155 U CN 203177155U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
heater
heat absorption
flue
air
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201320189131
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Chinese (zh)
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陈海洋
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陈海洋
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Priority to CN 201320189131 priority Critical patent/CN203177155U/en
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Publication of CN203177155U publication Critical patent/CN203177155U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a biomass smokeless boiler which comprises an automatic control unit, a feeding mechanism, a burning mechanism, an air supplying mechanism, an air drafting mechanism and a boiler body. The boiler body at least comprises a main boiler body, a first heat absorbing boiler body and a second heat absorbing boiler body which are connected in an eccentric mode. A plurality of cyclone tubes are arranged on the periphery of the main boiler body. A tangential hole is formed between each cyclone tube and the boiler wall of the main boiler body. The biomass smokeless boiler has the advantage that a plurality of boiler bodies are adopted, the boiler is larger in heat absorbing area and not prone to accumulate ash compared with a traditional boiler, the temperature of smoke is reduced to below 100 DEG C due to the fact that a smoke channel is lengthened, biomass fuels and air are completely mixed and burned intensively by means of the plurality of cyclone tubes, a draft fan and a blower ensure a good in-cavity air dynamic field, and center rotating is adopted to push materials. Therefore, coking cannot happen easily in the boiler cavity, automatic ash clearing can be conducted, galvanizing processing is conducted on the surface of the boiler, and the service life of the boiler is greatly prolonged.

Description

The living beings less boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of living beings less boiler.
Background technology
In the prior art, in order to effectively utilize biomass energy more, the combustion technology that has extensively adopted biological particles to be shaped, biomass fuel has progressively substituted coal, diesel oil, natural gases etc. are as the main fuel of boiler combustion now, because biomass fuel and other energy are such as coal, diesel oil, natural gases etc. exist qualitative difference, therefore at the feed of boiler, aspects such as boiler structure design and burning design all exist very big difference, if can not allow biological particles in burner hearth, carry out fully and completely burning, then can coking in burner hearth, can shorten the service life of boiler like this, the product that does not also have at present to address these problems occurs.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of living beings less boiler, bigger and be difficult for dust stratification with respect to endotherm area in traditional boiler furnace, exhaust gas temperature is lower than 100 degrees centigrade, a plurality of tornadotrons more are conducive to fully mixing and active combustion of biomass fuel and air, and air-introduced machine and air blast have guaranteed aerodynamic field in the good thorax, and employing center rotation pusher, biomass fuel can fully mix and active combustion with air, to overcome present prior art above shortcomings.
The purpose of this utility model is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of living beings less boiler, comprise Automatic Control Unit, feed mechanism, combustion mechanism, wind pushing mechanism, air inducing mechanism and body of heater, described body of heater comprises main furnace body, the first heat absorption body of heater and the second heat absorption body of heater, between described main furnace body and the described first heat absorption body of heater, take eccentric the connection between the described first heat absorption body of heater and the described second heat absorption body of heater, from main furnace body lead to first the heat absorption body of heater flue and from first the heat absorption body of heater lead to second the heat absorption body of heater flue between angle be the 0-30 degree, in the periphery of described main furnace body a plurality of tornadotrons are set, between the furnace wall of each described tornadotron and described main furnace body, form a tangential hole.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler arranges center rotation pusher in described main furnace body inside, and also is provided with the anti-backfire district in the bottom of described center rotation pusher.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, the extension that is positioned at the body of heater outside at described center rotation pusher also is provided with the blowing out air inlet.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, described feed mechanism are arranged at a side of described main furnace body, and the spiral feed pipe end of described feed mechanism is located at the middle and lower part of described center rotation pusher.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, described wind pushing mechanism are included in the air blast of the below setting of described center rotation pusher.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, the flue in air inducing mechanism and the described second heat absorption body of heater is connected, and air inducing mechanism comprises flue air-introduced machine and the deduster outward that is arranged at the described second heat absorption body of heater.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, at the 3rd deashing drawer that arranges under the flue of described main furnace body, at the first deashing drawer that arranges under the flue of the described first heat absorption body of heater and the first deashing drawer established under the flue of the described second heat absorption body of heater, the described first deashing drawer also is connected with the outer blow-off pipe of body of heater.
The pusher motor communication of temperature sensor, the motor that is arranged at the interior humidity sensor of flue, air-introduced machine, air blast, feed system and center rotation pusher that above-mentioned living beings less boiler, the central control unit of Automatic Control Unit are interior with being arranged on water layer is connected.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, the pusher motor of described feeding motor, center rotation pusher is stepless variable-speed motor.
Above-mentioned living beings less boiler, zinc-plated processing is all carried out in described main furnace body, the first heat absorption body of heater and the second heat-utilizing stove surface.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: adopted a plurality of bodies of heater, bigger and be difficult for dust stratification with respect to endotherm area in traditional boiler furnace, a plurality of tornadotrons more are conducive to fully mixing and active combustion of biomass fuel and air, because the temperature of flue gas reduces because flue lengthens, and air-introduced machine and air blast have guaranteed aerodynamic field in the good thorax, and employing center rotation pusher, therefore more be difficult for coking in the burner hearth, and energy automatic ash removing, boiler surfaces is all carried out zinc-plated processing, has prolonged the service life of boiler greatly.
Description of drawings
With reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail below.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the described living beings less boiler of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the described furnace binding of the utility model embodiment.
Among the figure:
1, main furnace body; 2, the first heat absorption body of heater; 3, the second heat absorption body of heater; 4, tornadotron; 5, tangential hole; 6, center rotation pusher; 601, anti-backfire district; 602, blowing out air inlet; 7, air blast; 8, air-introduced machine; 9, deduster; 1001, the first deashing drawer; 1002, the second deashing drawer; 1003, the 3rd deashing drawer; 1004, blow-off pipe.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-2, the described a kind of living beings less boiler of the utility model embodiment, comprise Automatic Control Unit, feed mechanism, combustion mechanism, deashing mechanism, wind pushing mechanism, air inducing mechanism and body of heater, described body of heater comprises three bodies of heater at least, preferably, comprise main furnace body 1, the first heat absorption body of heater 2 and the second heat absorption body of heater 3, between described main furnace body 1 and the described first heat absorption body of heater 2, take eccentric connected mode to connect between the described first heat absorption body of heater 2 and the described second heat absorption body of heater 3, from main furnace body 1 lead to first the heat absorption body of heater 2 flue and from first the heat absorption body of heater 2 lead to second the heat absorption body of heater 3 flue not point-blank, preferably, from main furnace body 1 lead to first the heat absorption body of heater 2 flue and from first the heat absorption body of heater 2 lead to second the heat absorption body of heater 3 flue between angle be the 0-30 degree, namely guarantee to form cyclone dust removal in the process that flue gas circulates in flue, under the effect of tornadotron 4, form cyclone firing, a plurality of tornadotrons 4 are set in the periphery of described main furnace body 1, and the number of described a plurality of tornadotrons 4 arranges according to the burner hearth size; Form row's tangential hole 5 between the furnace wall of each described tornadotron 4 and described main furnace body 1, the number of described tangential hole 5 also arranges according to the burner hearth size; Tornadotron 5 can make the flue gas in the flue form the air stream of rotation at a high speed, can make fail the biological particles of fully thoroughly burning can burning fully in the cross-ventilation of rotation at a high speed, and by main furnace body 1, the first heat absorption body of heater 2, the space that forms between the second heat absorption body of heater 3 is very big, therefore also long enough of the flue in the boiler, be enough to guarantee that the flue gas in flue is fully absorbed heat by body of heater in flue, thereby reduced exhaust gas temperature, make exhaust gas temperature be lower than 100 degrees centigrade, under the effect of center rotation pusher 6, the biological particles flue gas that is in the high-speed air convection current fully and consumingly burns, avoided the generation of the inner coking situation of body of heater, during blowing out under the effect of air-introduced machine 8, from blowing out air inlet 602 air intakes, can automatic ash removing in the burner hearth.
Rotation pusher 6 in center is set in described main furnace body inside, and the bottom at described center rotation pusher 6 also is provided with anti-backfire district 601, the extension that is positioned at the body of heater outside at described center rotation pusher 6 also is provided with blowing out air inlet 602, feed mechanism is arranged at a side of described main furnace body 1, the spiral feed pipe end of described feed mechanism is located at the middle and lower part of described center rotation pusher 6, wind pushing mechanism is included in the air blast 7 of the below setting of described center rotation pusher 6, flues in air inducing mechanism and the described second heat absorption body of heater 2 are connected, air inducing mechanism comprises the outer air-introduced machine 8 and deduster 9 of flue that is arranged at the described second heat absorption body of heater, described deduster 9 is arranged on a side of air-introduced machine, under air-introduced machine 8 effects, the high-temperature flue gas that produces after burning is finished carries out the final step purification through entering behind the heat convection in flue in the deduster 9, discharge finally by deduster 9.
Deashing mechanism is included in the 3rd deashing drawer that arranges under the flue of described main furnace body, at the second deashing drawer that arranges under the flue of the described first heat absorption body of heater and the first deashing drawer under the flue of the described second heat absorption body of heater, established, the described first deashing drawer also is connected with the outer blow-off pipe of body of heater.
The pusher motor communication of temperature sensor, the motor that is arranged at the interior humidity sensor of flue, air-introduced machine, air blast, feed system and center rotation pusher that the central control unit of Automatic Control Unit is interior with being arranged on water layer is connected, Automatic Control Unit is used high brightness, complete middle text display device, be central control unit with the PLC control system generally, by online programming with man-machine conversation mode and boiler user exchange message, to realize the Automatic Control to the living beings less boiler.
The pusher motor of described feeding motor, center rotation pusher is stepless variable-speed motor, feeding speed adopts stepless speed regulation respectively by pre-feeding stage, ignition phase, normal combustion stage, its feeding speed can be regulated automatically by central control unit, the pushing sheet that driven by motor by pusher during normal combustion is positioned at rotation pusher bottom, center carries out pusher (pusher speed can be carried out stepless speed regulation by central control unit) at times, makes in the burner hearth and can hold the high-temp combustion that continues; Be about to after-flame cigarette ash simultaneously and can be pushed to the fire grate edge, enter the 3rd deashing drawer 1003 by special fire grate, the edge of fire grate is the low-temperature burning district, its temperature is about about 800 ℃, the center of fire grate is combustion zone not, and the charging ram of pusher drives pushing sheet and is rotated formula and promotes, and is the high-temperature region between the edge of fire grate and the center of fire grate, its temperature is between 1500 ℃-2000 ℃, thereby reaches the effect of noncoking.
Zinc-plated processing, the farthest service life of prolonged boiler are all carried out in described main furnace body 1, the first heat absorption body of heater 2 and the second heat absorption body of heater, 3 surfaces.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms; anyone can draw other various forms of products under enlightenment of the present utility model; no matter but do any variation in its shape or structure; every have identical with a application or akin technical scheme, all drops within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. living beings less boiler, comprise Automatic Control Unit, feed mechanism, combustion mechanism, wind pushing mechanism, air inducing mechanism and body of heater, it is characterized in that: described body of heater comprises main furnace body (1), the first heat absorption body of heater (2) and the second heat absorption body of heater (3), takes eccentric connected mode to connect respectively between described main furnace body (1) and described first heat absorption body of heater (2) and between the described first heat absorption body of heater (2) and the described second heat absorption body of heater (3), leading to the flue of the first heat absorption body of heater (2) and lead to second angle of absorbing heat between the flue of body of heater (3) from the first heat absorption body of heater (2) from main furnace body (1) is the 0-30 degree.
2. living beings less boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the outer periphery of described main furnace body (1) is equipped with a plurality of tornadotrons (4), forms a tangential hole (5) between the furnace wall of each described tornadotron (4) and described main furnace body (1).
3. living beings less boiler according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with center rotation pusher (6) in described main furnace body (1) inside, the bottom of described center rotation pusher (6) is provided with anti-backfire district (601), and the extension that described center rotation pusher (6) is positioned at the boiler outside is provided with blowing out air inlet (602).
4. living beings less boiler according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism is arranged at a side of described main furnace body (1), and the spiral feed pipe end of described feed mechanism is located at the middle and lower part of described center rotation pusher (6).
5. living beings less boiler according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described wind pushing mechanism is included in the air blast (7) that the below of described center rotation pusher (6) arranges.
6. living beings less boiler according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described air inducing mechanism is connected with flue in the described second heat absorption body of heater (3), and described air inducing mechanism comprises the outer air-introduced machine (8) and deduster (9) of flue that is arranged at the described second heat absorption body of heater (3).
7. living beings less boiler according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the first deashing drawer (1003) is set under the flue of described main furnace body (1), under the flue of the described first heat absorption body of heater (2) the second deashing drawer (1002) is set, establish the 3rd deashing drawer (1001) under the flue of the described second heat absorption body of heater (3), described the 3rd deashing drawer (1001) is connected with boiler body blow-off pipe outward.
8. living beings less boiler according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the central control unit of described Automatic Control Unit is connected with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air-introduced machine, air blast, the motor of feed system and the pusher motor communication of center rotation pusher that is arranged in the flue in being arranged on water layer.
9. living beings less boiler according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the pusher motor of described feeding motor and center rotation pusher (6) is stepless variable-speed motor.
10. living beings less boiler according to claim 9 is characterized in that: zinc-plated processing is all carried out on described main furnace body (1), the first heat absorption body of heater (2) and second body of heater (3) surface of absorbing heat.
CN 201320189131 2013-04-14 2013-04-14 Biomass smokeless boiler Withdrawn - After Issue CN203177155U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320189131 CN203177155U (en) 2013-04-14 2013-04-14 Biomass smokeless boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320189131 CN203177155U (en) 2013-04-14 2013-04-14 Biomass smokeless boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203177155U true CN203177155U (en) 2013-09-04

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320189131 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203177155U (en) 2013-04-14 2013-04-14 Biomass smokeless boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203177155U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206703A (en) * 2013-04-14 2013-07-17 陈海洋 Biomass smokeless boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206703A (en) * 2013-04-14 2013-07-17 陈海洋 Biomass smokeless boiler
CN103206703B (en) * 2013-04-14 2015-09-16 陈海洋 Biomass smoke boiler

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RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130904

Effective date of abandoning: 20150916