CN203158058U - Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism - Google Patents

Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203158058U
CN203158058U CN 201320170343 CN201320170343U CN203158058U CN 203158058 U CN203158058 U CN 203158058U CN 201320170343 CN201320170343 CN 201320170343 CN 201320170343 U CN201320170343 U CN 201320170343U CN 203158058 U CN203158058 U CN 203158058U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
stepping motor
sleeve
pin
steering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201320170343
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孟庆华
黄琴宝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Dianzi University
Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
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Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University filed Critical Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
Priority to CN 201320170343 priority Critical patent/CN203158058U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203158058U publication Critical patent/CN203158058U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism for electric vehicles, which comprises a steering-wheel, wherein the steering-wheel is fixedly connected with a steering-wheel pillar; the outer wall of the steering-wheel pillar is fixed with the inner ring of a bearing; the bearing is arranged in a sleeve; the bearing is in slide fit in the sleeve in the axial direction; a connecting ear is formed on the outer ring of the bearing; the connecting ear stretches outside through a guide groove formed in the sleeve in the axial direction; the outer end of the connecting ear is hinged to one end of a rocker through a first connecting pin; the other end of the rocker is hinged to one end of a crank through a second connecting pin; the other end of the crank is mounted on a vehicle body through a pin in an oscillating manner; teeth are formed at the end part of the end of the crank; the teeth are meshed with a worm; and the worm is driven by a stepping motor. When the vehicle is stopped to extinguish or a driver starts the vehicle, the expansion and contraction function of the steering-wheel can be realized through electrical control switches; drivers in various sizes can enter the driving cab freely; and the position of the steering-wheel can be adjusted according to the needs.

Description

The multifunctional direction disc mechanism
Technical field
The utility model belongs to electronlmobil manufacturing technology field, is specifically related to a kind ofly can realize automobile burglar, automatic multi-functional bearing circle such as flexible.
Background technology
Bearing circle is to the damage of chaufeur when solving auto against, the researchist has designed a kind of safe bearing circle both at home and abroad, it couples together by pin by in the middle of two nodal axisns, and when automobile was collided, the people was pressed on the bearing circle owing to inertia, give shearing force of lock pin by bearing circle, it is broken, and bearing circle shrinks downwards, thereby to buffering of human body, reduce the bump dynamics, strengthened safety performance.But there is following defective in it.At first, when normally using, its transmission shaft is fixed.Because people's build has difference, when chaufeur entered into operator's compartment, for example previous chaufeur build was less, its seat adjustment too forward, and the chaufeur health build of entering afterwards is bigger, it is very difficult then to cause it to enter operator's compartment; In addition, the chaufeur that some is of short and small stature, stepping on clutch Das Gaspedal difficulty, have to seat transfer very forward, make bearing circle lean against on the chest, the operability when influence is driven.Therefore, because the fault of construction of bearing circle causes it can not adapt to the operation of all build chaufeurs well.Secondly, though traditional safe steering wheel arrangement is uncomplicated, still, in case after breaking, its maintenance is very inconvenient.At last, existing vehicle steering is not with anti-theft feature, can only lean on extra auxiliary device to realize automobile burglar, for example, adds an automobile steering lock at bearing circle and realizes.In sum, existing safe bearing circle function singleness is difficult to satisfy the modern for the pursuit of high-quality automobile.
Summary of the invention
In view of there is above-mentioned defective in the steer drive that has electronlmobil now, the utility model has designed a kind of multifunctional direction disc mechanism of electronlmobil.When parking of automobile is flame-out or chaufeur when starting vehicle, realize making the Telescopic of bearing circle the chaufeur of any build can both pass in and out operator's compartment freely, and can regulate the position of bearing circle according to self needs by electric-controlled switch.And when automobile was collided, bearing circle also can stretch automatically, gave buffering course of chaufeur, to alleviate the injury that chaufeur is subjected to, realized safe functioning.In addition, after packing up, bearing circle can automatically lock again, thus the anti-theft feature of realization automobile.The utility model bearing circle is because simple in structure, thereby also is convenient to maintenance.
The utility model is taked following technical scheme: the multifunctional direction disc mechanism of electronlmobil, comprise bearing circle, bearing circle captive joint steering wheel column, the outer wall of steering wheel column and the inner ring of bearing fix, bearing is built in a sleeve, bearing axle is to being snug fit within the sleeve, and the outer ring of bearing forms an engaging lug, and engaging lug stretches out outside it to the guide groove of offering by quill shaft; One end of the outer end of engaging lug and rocking bar is hinged by first connecting pin, the other end of rocking bar is hinged by an end of second connecting pin and crank, the other end of crank is assemblied in car body oscillating type by pin, this end end of crank forms teeth, teeth are meshed with worm screw, and worm screw is driven by stepping motor.
The multifunctional direction disc mechanism of described electronlmobil, stepping motor divides two-way to connect the positive turn-off of stepping motor pass, stepping motor reversal switch respectively, behind the positive turn-off of stepping motor pass, the stepping motor reversal switch synthetic a tunnel, after connecting key switch, Door Lock switch, fuse, main fuse successively, insert the negative pole of storage battery, the positive ground of storage battery.
The multifunctional direction disc mechanism of described electronlmobil, one electromagnetic relay is installed in the sleeve, electromagnetic relay connects a metal slide block by spring, slide block is assemblied in the sleeve slidably, when bearing drops to end position, under the application force of spring, slide block is in the bearing place slideway.
The multifunctional direction disc mechanism of described electronlmobil, an end ground connection of electromagnetic relay, the other end by behind described key switch, Door Lock switch, fuse, the main fuse, inserts the negative pole of storage battery successively.
Electronlmobil can be simplified the complicated driving device in the orthodox car steering swivel system, adopts the line traffic control technology, makes that bearing circle can a lot of functions of integrated realization.
The utility model mainly comprises steering wheel assembly, quadric linkage, stepping motor and turbine and worm train of reduction gears and electronic lock.Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following technique effect:
1, compares with traditional fixed-direction dish, the utility model multifunctional direction dish can be reserved bigger space for chaufeur passes in and out operator's compartment, be not subjected to the restriction of bearing circle, and bearing circle can be parked in the optional position, when adjusting the seat, also can regulate the position of bearing circle, thereby can adapt to the operational requirements of different build chaufeurs, be adjusted to the optimum position.
2, after being subjected to weight, can playing buffer action, thereby realize the function of safe bearing circle.More traditional safe bearing circle, its structure is simpler, only needs to change one after the pin and get final product after breaking, and is convenient and swift.
3, carry electronic lock after bearing circle is taken a seat bearing circle is pinned, and control the flexible of bearing circle together by two electric-controlled switchs, even after making that the car stealer starts automobile, because bearing circle is in the lock state and automobile can not be driven away.Not only saved the process and the cost that additionally install automobile anti-theft lock additional, made that also automobile is safer.
4, the utility model bearing circle have simple in structure, save advantage such as cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model bearing circle mechanism.
Fig. 2 is bearing circle local structure figure.
Fig. 3 is the constructional drawing of handle lock.
Fig. 4 is the control circuit figure of handle lock.
Fig. 5 is the Stepping Motor Control circuit diagram.
The specific embodiment
Do detailed explanation below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Referring to Fig. 1-5, bearing circle 10 captive joint steering wheel columns 8, the inner ring of the outer wall of steering wheel column 8 and bearing 7 is fixedly linked.Bearing 7 is built in a sleeve 9, and engaging lug 6 of the outer ring of bearing 7 formation, and this engaging lug 6 stretches out outside it by a guide groove on the sleeve 9, and engaging lug 6 can drive bearing 7 and move axially in sleeve 9, and fixed muffle 9 is installed on car body.
One end of the outer end of engaging lug 6 and rocking bar 4 is hinged by connecting pin 13, and when bearing circle was subjected to weight, this connecting pin 13 was pressed down, to realize the function of burst disk.The other end of rocking bar 4 is hinged with an end of crank 2 by connecting pin 5, and the other end of crank 2 has a knock hole, this knock hole assembling one pin 1, and crank 2 is matched with car body oscillating type by pin 1.And this end end of crank 2 has teeth 3, and teeth 3 are meshed with worm screw 11, and worm screw 11 is driven by stepping motor 12.The torque of stepping motor 12 outputs makes bearing 7 do axial moving up and down in sleeve 9 by worm screw 11, crank 2, rocking bar 4, engaging lug 6, and then drive steering wheel column 8 is synchronized with the movement flexible (lifting) function of realization bearing circle.
Referring to Fig. 5,12 fens two-way of stepping motor connect the positive turn-off of stepping motor pass 30, stepping motor reversal switch 31 respectively, after two switches synthesize one the tunnel again, after connecting key switch 29, Door Lock switch 28, fuse 27, main fuse 26 successively, insert the negative pole of storage battery 25, the positive ground of storage battery 25.Its working process is: when chaufeur into the car before, at first open car door, closed Door Lock switch 28, then key is injected and connect key switch 29 in the key hole, after driving dead work is carried out, manually press motor switch 30 or 31, the control circuit of stepping motor 12 is switched on and starts working, and stepping motor 12 rotates forward or backwards, and by after the turbine and worm deceleration, power is passed to crank 2, crank 2 moves thereby drive rocking bar 4 around pin 1 swing, again because rocking bar 4 is hinged with bearing 7, make bearing 7(and steering wheel column 8) slide up and down along the inwall of sleeve 9, thus realized the flexible of bearing circle 10.Wherein, press positive turn-off and closed 30 o'clock, bearing circle 10 rises; When pressing reversal switch 31,10 of bearing circle are packed up (decline).After bearing circle 10 is adjusted to proper height, close switch 30 or 31 again.Because turbine and worm self has auto-lock function, after bearing circle 10 is positioned a position, just can not slide again.Therefore, regulate (highly) position of bearing circle by aforesaid operations, after being ready to when getting on the bus, press corresponding shift knob bearing circle is adjusted on the position that is fit to driver's operation, and need not to adjust seat.
As shown in Figure 1, rocking bar 4 and engaging lug 6 link together and transmission power by connecting pin 13, and the intensity of connecting pin 13 can be born certain tension and compression stress herein.Under normal condition of service, it can not break; And when meeting accident situation, chaufeur is because effect of inertia is given 10 1 bigger impulsive forces of bearing circle, this moment, connecting pin 13 meetings be cut off by this power, the past interior contracting (decline) of bearing circle 10 meetings, thus buffer action of human body given, played the effect of safe bearing circle; And this is simple in structure, is convenient to maintenance.
Referring to Fig. 2,3, an electromagnetic relay 17 is installed in the sleeve 9, electromagnetic relay 17 connects a slide block 15 by spring 16, slide block 15 is assemblied in the sleeve 9 slidably, spring 16 has certain preload pressure, and under the application force of spring 16, slide block 15 is in bearing 7 places slideway.Referring to Fig. 4, an end ground connection of electromagnetic relay 17, the other end by behind key switch 29, Door Lock switch 28, fuse 27, the main fuse 26, inserts the negative pole of storage battery 25 successively.After chaufeur is opened Door Lock switch 28, enter operator's compartment, key switch 29 is connected energising, at this moment, the coil electricity of electromagnetic relay 17 produces an electromagnetic force, this electromagnetic force is enough to overcome spring force, and metal slide block 15 is attracted to come, making that the slideway at bearing 7 places is conductings, bearing 7 is free to slide.After chaufeur was pressed down bearing circle and stretched out switch, under the drive of motor, bearing circle can rise along slideway.When bearing 7 falls back on (decline) when the end position, accept the slideway mouth below that ear 6 has just fallen back on slide block 15 on the bearing 7, and can not have influence on the motion of slide block 15.Therefore, after stopping, press motor reversal switch 31 among Fig. 5, bearing circle is packed up, turn off key switch 29, the coil of electromagnetic relay 17 disconnects, and loses electromagnetic force, and slide block 15 skids off under the elastic force effect of spring 16, and stop at the slideway at bearing 7 places, thereby bearing circle 10 is stuck, make bearing circle 10 can not be drawn out (rising), played the antitheft effect of self-locking.
Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that; above embodiment verifies the utility model; and be not as to restriction of the present utility model, so long as in scope of the present utility model, all will drop in the protection domain of the present utility model variation, the distortion of above embodiment.

Claims (4)

1. multifunctional direction disc mechanism, comprise bearing circle, bearing circle captive joint steering wheel column, it is characterized in that: the outer wall of steering wheel column and the inner ring of bearing fix, bearing is built in a sleeve, bearing axle is to being snug fit within the sleeve, and the outer ring of bearing forms an engaging lug, and engaging lug stretches out outside it to the guide groove of offering by quill shaft; One end of the outer end of engaging lug and rocking bar is hinged by first connecting pin, the other end of rocking bar is hinged by an end of second connecting pin and crank, the other end of crank is assemblied in car body oscillating type by pin, this end end of crank forms teeth, teeth are meshed with worm screw, and worm screw is driven by stepping motor.
2. multifunctional direction disc mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stepping motor divides two-way to connect the positive turn-off of stepping motor pass, stepping motor reversal switch respectively, behind the positive turn-off of stepping motor pass, the stepping motor reversal switch synthetic a tunnel, after connecting key switch, Door Lock switch, fuse, main fuse successively, insert the negative pole of storage battery, the positive ground of storage battery.
3. multifunctional direction disc mechanism as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: an electromagnetic relay is installed in the sleeve, electromagnetic relay connects a metal slide block by spring, slide block is assemblied in the sleeve slidably, when bearing drops to end position, under the application force of spring, slide block is in the bearing place slideway.
4. multifunctional direction disc mechanism as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: after an end ground connection of described electromagnetic relay, the other end are passed through described key switch, Door Lock switch, fuse, main fuse successively, insert the negative pole of storage battery.
CN 201320170343 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism Withdrawn - After Issue CN203158058U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320170343 CN203158058U (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320170343 CN203158058U (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203158058U true CN203158058U (en) 2013-08-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320170343 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203158058U (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 Multifunctional steering-wheel mechanism

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103192865A (en) * 2013-04-08 2013-07-10 杭州电子科技大学 Multifunctional steering wheel mechanism for electric automobile
CN104483137A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Automatic driving device for rack test of electric automobile and automatic control method thereof
CN107433972A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-12-05 福特全球技术公司 Steering wheel assembly

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103192865A (en) * 2013-04-08 2013-07-10 杭州电子科技大学 Multifunctional steering wheel mechanism for electric automobile
CN104483137A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-01 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Automatic driving device for rack test of electric automobile and automatic control method thereof
CN107433972A (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-12-05 福特全球技术公司 Steering wheel assembly

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130828

Effective date of abandoning: 20150520

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant