CN203148082U - Intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions - Google Patents

Intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203148082U
CN203148082U CN 201320106246 CN201320106246U CN203148082U CN 203148082 U CN203148082 U CN 203148082U CN 201320106246 CN201320106246 CN 201320106246 CN 201320106246 U CN201320106246 U CN 201320106246U CN 203148082 U CN203148082 U CN 203148082U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
heater
conduit
solar
freezing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320106246
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张昊
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张昊
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Priority to CN 201320106246 priority Critical patent/CN203148082U/en
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Publication of CN203148082U publication Critical patent/CN203148082U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar water heater, in particular to an intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions. The intelligent solar water heater is provided with a heat-preserving water tank, wherein upper and lower water pipes are communicated to the inside of the heat-preserving water tank; an electric heater and a water level and temperature sensor are arranged in the heat-preserving water tank; a water inlet pipe is connected to the upper and lower water pipes; an electromagnetic water inlet valve is arranged on the water inlet pipe; an air pump is communicated to the upper and lower water pipes; water current and air pressure sensors are arranged on the upper and lower water pipes on the outer side of the heat-preserving water tank; a central controller is electrically connected with the electric heater, the water level and temperature sensor, the electromagnetic water inlet valve and the air pump respectively; and water faucets are arranged at the lower ends of the upper and lower water pipes. The solar water heater is simple in structure, can be used for effectively preventing freezing and realizing automatic water feeding and low-temperature heating, has the functions of prevention of dry burning, earth leakage protection and the like, and is safe and convenient for using; and solar energy can be used normally in winter, complex steps of manual operation in ordinary emptying freezing prevention and energy waste of electric heating freezing prevention are eliminated, and the usage cost of the solar water heater is reduced.

Description

A kind of intelligent solar with antifreeze and automatic loading water, heating function
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar water heater, relates in particular to a kind of intelligent solar antifreeze and automatic loading water, heating function that has.
Background technology
In the winter of cold, the water in the upper and lower conduit of outdoor solar water heater all must be got rid of, otherwise can freeze brokenly upper and lower conduit, thereby causes solar energy not use.Though what have has taked insulation to handle to solar energy upper and lower conduit road, and carelessness is arranged slightly, outdoor upper and lower conduit road extremely should freeze and freeze brokenly pipeline, causes solar energy not use.This normally uses the hot water in the solar energy to bring very big difficulty for winter, and repairing is also time-consuming, and the expense of changing parts is also very high, has improved the cost of solar energy widely.Simultaneously, have many time, the user is owing to carelessness is forgotten water on the solar energy, makes solar energy can not normally absorb heat by day and solar energy can not be used, and caused waste.Also have, sometimes because weather, when the temperature of water does not reach required use water temperature in the solar water heater, when using solar energy, need carry out the heating of a period of time, need to wait for, cause use inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly that a kind of technical scheme with intelligent solar of antifreeze and automatic loading water, heating function is provided at the deficiencies in the prior art, this technical scheme can be got rid of the water in solar energy upper and lower conduit road fully and prevent effectively that the outdoor upper and lower conduit of solar energy road from freezing and freeze brokenly, can also realize automatic loading water and heating function, reach and save and purpose easily.
The utility model is to realize like this, a kind of have antifreeze and automatic loading water, the intelligent solar of heating function, it has attemperater, upper and lower conduit is communicated in the attemperater, it is characterized in that, be provided with electric heater in the attemperater, water level and temperature sensor, water inlet pipe is connected on the upper and lower conduit, electromagnetic water inlet valve is housed on the water inlet pipe, air pump is communicated with on the upper and lower conduit, on the upper and lower conduit in the attemperater outside current and baroceptor are housed, central controller respectively with electric heater, water level and temperature sensor, electromagnetic water inlet valve, air pump is electrically connected, and the upper and lower conduit lower end is equipped with tap.
Described central controller is provided with LCDs, water level settings key, goes up water key, temperature setting key, antifreeze key, electrical heating key.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the utility model is simple in structure; can be effectively antifreeze and realize automatic loading water, low-temperature heat; have functions such as the dry combustion method of preventing, earth leakage protective; safe and convenient to use; can guarantee normally to use in the winter time solar energy; solve the manually operated loaded down with trivial details step of common evacuation and anti-freezing and the energy waste of electrical heating antifreezing, saved manpower, reduced the use cost of solar water heater.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the novel structural representation of this usefulness;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of central controller among Fig. 1.
Wherein, 1-attemperater, 2-electric heater, 3-water level and temperature sensor, 4-current and baroceptor, 5-central controller, 6-air pump, 7-tap, 8-water inlet pipe, 9-electromagnetic water inlet valve, 10-upper and lower conduit, 11-LCDs, 12-water level settings key, 13-upward water keys, 14-temperature setting key, 15-antifreeze key, 16-electrical heating key.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing concrete structure of the present utility model and principle are described further.
As shown in the figure, of the present utility model a kind ofly have antifreeze and automatic loading water, the intelligent solar of heating function, it has attemperater 1, upper and lower conduit 10 is communicated in the attemperater 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with electric heater 2 in the attemperater 1, water level and temperature sensor 3, water inlet pipe 8 is connected on the upper and lower conduit 10, electromagnetic water inlet valve 9 is housed on the water inlet pipe 8, air pump 6 is communicated with on the upper and lower conduit 10, current and baroceptor 4 are housed on the upper and lower conduit 10 in attemperater 1 outside, central controller 5 respectively with electric heater 2, water level and temperature sensor 3, electromagnetic water inlet valve 9, air pump 6 is electrically connected, and upper and lower conduit 10 lower ends are equipped with tap 7; Described central controller 5 is provided with LCDs 11, water level settings key 12, goes up water key 13, temperature setting key 14, antifreeze key 15, electrical heating key 16.
The operation principle of antifreeze, automatic water up and down of the present utility model and low-temperature heat is as follows respectively.
Antifreeze operation principle: when winter temperature is low, press the antifreeze key 15 on the central controller 5, start antifreeze program, air pump 6 begins water pipe 10 interior pressurization inflations up and down, after water that current and baroceptor 3 detect upper and lower conduit 10 tops all is pressed into attemperater 1, current and baroceptor 4 are given central controller 5 electrical signal transfer, and central controller 5 sends instruction to air pump 6 and quits work, and reaches antifreeze purpose with this.When needs hot water, fetch boiling water leading 7, air in the upper and lower conduit 10 is at first discharged, begin to flow out hot water then, at this moment current and baroceptor 4 detect has water to flow in the upper and lower conduit, and signal passed to central controller 5, as long as there is the water central controller 5 that flows just can not send work order to air pump 6, air pump 6 is not worked.When closing tap 7, water in the upper and lower conduit 10 stops to flow, the water that current and baroceptor 4 detect in the upper and lower conduit 10 stops to flow, produce signal then and pass to central controller 5, central controller sends work order to air pump 6 after 5 time-delay a period of times, air pump 6 gives upper and lower conduit 10 pressurization inflations, after water that current and baroceptor 4 detect upper and lower conduit 10 tops all is pressed into attemperater 1, signal is passed to central controller 5, and central controller 5 sends instruction to air pump 6 and quits work; When outdoor temperature is higher than zero degree, the cancellation antifreeze function, normal water, air pump 6, current and baroceptor 4 are no longer worked.
The automatic loading water operation principle: the required water water level of going up can be set by the water level settings key 12 on the central controller 5 in the attemperater 1, water feeding mode has two kinds: the one, when water level in the attemperater 1 is low, manually press water key 13, open electromagnetic water inlet valve 9, begin to go up water, when water level and temperature sensor 3 detect water in the attemperater 1 and reach designated water level, signal is passed to central controller 5, central controller 5 sends out code to electromagnetic water inlet valve 9, stops to go up water; The 2nd, add water when forgetting in attemperater 1, when the water in the attemperater 1 is lower than the lowest water level of setting, water level and temperature sensor 3 pass to central controller 5 to signal after detecting this information, central controller 5 sends OPEN to electromagnetic water inlet valve 9 and adds water to attemperater 1, when water level and temperature sensor 3 detect water in the attemperater 1 and reach designated water level, signal is passed to central controller 5, and central controller 5 sends out code to electromagnetic water inlet valve 9, stops to go up water.
Low-temperature heat operation principle: when the temperature of water in the attemperater 1 does not reach required use water temperature, it is temperature required to set heating by the temperature setting key 14 on the central controller 5, press the electrical heating key 16 on the central controller 5 then, start electric heater 2, when water level and temperature sensor 3 detect water temperature and reach design temperature, signal is passed to central controller 5, and central controller 5 sends cut-offing instruction, stops heating.
In addition, set the heating lowest water level for attemperater 1, when the water level in the attemperater 1 was lower than setting heating lowest water level, electric heater 2 can not start heating function.As long as the water that current and baroceptor 4 detect in the upper and lower conduit 10 flow, central controller 5 does not give electric heater 2 power supplies, and electric heater 2 heating functions can not start, and prevents that electric heater 2 electric leakages from just giving the artificial one-tenth personal injury at water.

Claims (2)

1. one kind has intelligent solar antifreeze and automatic loading water, heating function, it has attemperater, upper and lower conduit is communicated in the attemperater, it is characterized in that, be provided with electric heater, water level and temperature sensor in the attemperater, water inlet pipe is connected on the upper and lower conduit, electromagnetic water inlet valve is housed on the water inlet pipe, air pump is communicated with on the upper and lower conduit, on the upper and lower conduit in the attemperater outside current and baroceptor are housed, central controller is electrically connected with electric heater, water level and temperature sensor, electromagnetic water inlet valve, air pump respectively, and the upper and lower conduit lower end is equipped with tap.
2. a kind of intelligent solar antifreeze and automatic loading water, heating function that has according to claim 1 is characterized in that described central controller is provided with LCDs, water level settings key, goes up water key, temperature setting key, antifreeze key, electrical heating key.
CN 201320106246 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions Expired - Fee Related CN203148082U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320106246 CN203148082U (en) 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320106246 CN203148082U (en) 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Intelligent solar water heater having anti-freezing, automatic water charging and heating functions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203148082U true CN203148082U (en) 2013-08-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108019957A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-11 湘潭大学 A kind of gas heater directly goes out hot water apparatus and its control method
CN110243073A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 安徽省宁国天成电工有限公司 A kind of anti-dry-heating heater having self-service detection function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108019957A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-11 湘潭大学 A kind of gas heater directly goes out hot water apparatus and its control method
CN110243073A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-17 安徽省宁国天成电工有限公司 A kind of anti-dry-heating heater having self-service detection function
CN110243073B (en) * 2019-05-31 2021-02-19 安徽省宁国天成电工有限公司 Dry-burning-preventing heater with self-service detection function

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130821

Termination date: 20140308