CN203145680U - Intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system - Google Patents

Intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203145680U
CN203145680U CN2013200519086U CN201320051908U CN203145680U CN 203145680 U CN203145680 U CN 203145680U CN 2013200519086 U CN2013200519086 U CN 2013200519086U CN 201320051908 U CN201320051908 U CN 201320051908U CN 203145680 U CN203145680 U CN 203145680U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
control cabinet
smoke
links
control box
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013200519086U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王德民
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湖北西航精工新材料有限公司
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Priority to CN2013200519086U priority Critical patent/CN203145680U/en
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Publication of CN203145680U publication Critical patent/CN203145680U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system. The intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system comprises a control box, a sub-control box, a window opening device, a sensor group, a fire protection control center, an emergency button, a ventilation switch and a floor control center, wherein the control box is provided with a wireless communication module; the sub-control box is connected in parallel with the control box through a field bus; the window opening device is connected to the sub-control box through the field bus; the sensor group is provided with a wireless transceiver and is connected to the control box through the wireless transceiver; the fire protection control center and the floor control center are respectively connected to the control box through the wireless communication module; and the emergency button and the ventilation switch are connected to the control box through the field bus. The intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system realizes remote intelligent control on opening and closing skylights and suspended sash windows of buildings, can open the window for discharge smoke and radiate heat rapidly when meeting with emergency situations such as fire, and has the advantages of good reliability, excellent safety, high intelligence, simple and convenient operability and the like.

Description

A kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system

Technical field

The utility model relates to automation field, particularly relates to a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system.

Background technology

At present; at modern heavy construction such as large-sized workshop; in market or the office premises; skylight and outstanding window have been a kind of important component parts of building; centralized procurement light; ventilate; smoke evacuation; adjustment and fire-fighting link are in one; usually based on lighting and ventilation; under crisis situation such as the burst condition of a fire etc., playing the convenient effect such as sue and labour fast of smoke evacuation heat radiation; yet current building skylight and outstanding window control system great majority are to adopt artificial execute-in-place pattern; intelligent degree is low; in case people experience smog or pernicious gas exceeds standard when going to window again, have often passed through the optimal ventilation time.In addition, in some heavy constructions, its skylight and outstanding window consider that the daylighting requirement often is designed to be higher apart from ground when design, manually be difficult to regulate, when accidents such as breaking out of fire, can not open fast that skylight and outstanding window are convenient to smoke evacuation heat radiation and fire-fighting is sued and laboured, exist great potential safety hazard, not meet the requirement of fire-fighting link.

The utility model content

The utility model provides a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system, being mainly used in solving building skylight and outstanding window adopts traditional Artificial Control pattern to play ventilation and lighting smoke evacuation etc. to do that intelligent degree of time spent is low, efficient is not high and have major safety risks, is difficult to reach the problem of fire-fighting link.

The utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that adopts: a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system comprises: control cabinet, and described control cabinet is provided with wireless communication module; Divide the control box, described branch control box is parallel to described control cabinet by fieldbus; Window opener, described window opener links to each other by fieldbus with described branch control box, is subjected to the control of described branch control box to realize windowing to close window to move; Sensor groups, described sensor groups is provided with wireless transceiver, links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless transceiver; Fire Services Communication Centre, described Fire Services Communication Centre links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module; Danger button, described danger button links to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus; Draft switch, described draft switch links to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus; Control center, building, control center, described building links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module; Monitor terminal, described monitor terminal are terminal, link to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus; Wherein, described control cabinet receives the various induced signals that described sensor groups senses, and send corresponding control signal according to induced signal to described branch control box, described branch control box is controlled described window opener according to control signal the opening angle of skylight and outstanding window is regulated, simultaneously, described control cabinet detects the control instruction from described Fire Services Communication Centre and control center, described building in real time, control described window opener according to control instruction, described danger button and described draft switch are opened accordingly or are closed, and relevant information is sent to described monitor terminal shows.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described control cabinet adopts embedded control system, and priority treatment is from the instruction of described Fire Services Communication Centre.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described wireless communication module comprises that RS485 changes wireless module and wireless commentaries on classics RS485 module, realizes the transmission of RS485 signal double-direction radio.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described control cabinet comprises single-chip microcomputer, and model is 89C52.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described control cabinet further comprises standby electric power, is used for outage and waits in emergency circumstances to described control cabinet power supply.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described intelligent aeration smoke control system further comprises remote controller, and described remote controller links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described intelligent aeration smoke control system further comprises synchronized, and described synchronized links to each other with the motor of described branch control box and described window opener respectively.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described motor is the brushless slotless motor.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described window opener comprises chain type window opener, rack-and-pinion window opener and screw window opener.

According to the utility model one preferred embodiment, described sensor groups comprises honourable rain inductor, gas security, smoke sensing device, temperature inductor and time sensor.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: compared with prior art, a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system of the utility model passes through by control cabinet, the automatic control system of dividing control box and sensor groups to form realizes long-distance intelligent control to the switching that the skylight reaches outstanding window, centralized procurement light, ventilate, functions such as smoke evacuation and fire-fighting link are in one, can regulate at any angle skylight and outstanding window according to actual conditions, running into the heat radiation of discharging fume of to open the window in time rapidly under the emergency situations such as fire, has good reliability, safety is good, intelligent height and advantage such as easy and simple to handle.

Description of drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme among the utility model embodiment, the accompanying drawing of required use is done to introduce simply in will describing embodiment below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below only is embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings, wherein: Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system of the utility model.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing among the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme among the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment only is a part of embodiment of the present utility model, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment that obtains under the creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Please refer to Fig. 1, a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system of the utility model, comprise control cabinet 1, divide control box 2, window opener 3, sensor groups 4, Fire Services Communication Centre 5, danger button 6, draft switch 7, control center, building 8, monitor terminal 9 and remote controller 10, control cabinet 1 is provided with wireless communication module 101, divide control box 2 to be parallel to control cabinet 1 by fieldbus, window opener 3 links to each other by fieldbus with a minute control box 2, be subjected to 2 controls of branch control box to realize windowing to close window to move, sensor groups 4 is provided with wireless transceiver (not drawing among the figure), and sensor groups 4 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by wireless transceiver.Fire Services Communication Centre 5 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by wireless communication module 101, and danger button 5 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by fieldbus, and draft switch 7 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by fieldbus.Control center, building 8 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by wireless communication module 101, and monitor terminal 9 is terminal, links to each other with control cabinet 1 by fieldbus.

Wherein, the various induced signals that control cabinet 1 receiving sensor group 4 senses, and send a corresponding control signal according to induced signal to a minute control box 2, divide control box 2 to regulate according to the opening angle of control signal 3 pairs of skylights of control window opener and outstanding window, simultaneously, control cabinet 1 detects the control instruction from Fire Services Communication Centre 5 and control center, building 8 in real time, open accordingly or close according to control instruction control window opener 3, danger button 6 and draft switch 7, and relevant information is sent to monitor terminal shows.

Please continue to consult Fig. 1, particularly, it is the embedded control system of core that control cabinet 1 adopts single-chip microcomputer 102, and single-chip microcomputer 102 models are 89C5, and priority treatment is from the instruction of Fire Services Communication Centre 5.The input voltage of control cabinet 1 is 220VAC 50HZ, and degree of protection is not less than IP54, and the input power supply of control cabinet 1 is provided with the protective tube protection.Control cabinet 1 further comprises standby electric power 103, is used for outage and waits in emergency circumstances to control cabinet 1 power supply.Wireless communication module 101 comprises that RS485 changes wireless module 10101 and wireless commentaries on classics RS485 module 10102 can effectively realize the transmission of RS485 signal double-direction radio.Control cabinet 1 is provided with the wireless remote control pattern, and remote controller 10 links to each other with control cabinet 1 by wireless communication module 101, when control cabinet 1 is not easy under the manually operated situation, 10 can carry out far distance controlled to control cabinet 1 by using a teleswitch.

Window opener 3 comprises chain type window opener 301, rack-and-pinion window opener 302 and screw window opener 303, but relative set is on the outstanding window of skylight and curtain wall according to the actual requirements, and window opener inside is provided with motor, and this motor is the brushless slotless motor.

Owing to adopted the brushless slotless motor, according to the back-emf signal of motor, can judge rotating speed of motor, the opening angle of window opener 3 can be controlled arbitrarily in theory.In the practical operation, the opening angle of window opener 3 has various modes available, and namely complete shut-down, unlatching 1/3 angle, unlatching 2/3 angle and standard-sized sheet can arrange different opening angles according to different ventilation requirement.

The utility model intelligent aeration smoke control system also comprises synchronized 11 and voltage stabilized transformer 12, and synchronized 11 links to each other with the motor of minute control box 2 and window opener 11 respectively, and voltage stabilized transformer 12 links to each other with the motor of window opener 3, for it provides voltage stabilizing input power supply.Divide the motor speed of control box 2 by the different window openers 3 of synchronized 11 controls, it is reached synchronously, thereby realize windowing with the coordination of closing the window action with consistent.

Sensor groups 4 comprises honourable rain inductor 401, gas security 402, smoke sensing device 403, temperature inductor 404 and time sensor 405.Wherein, honourable rain inductor 401 adopts the anti-rain structure, weather conditions such as outdoor wind, rain and light is monitored in real time, and send monitored data to control cabinet 1 by wireless transceiver.The detection that gas security 402 and smoke sensing device 403 is used for the building interior space flue gas, and detection data fed back to control cabinet 1.Temperature inductor 404 is the industrial standard thermoregulator, satisfies the temperature requirements between 10-30 ℃, and timer 405 is used for control cabinet 1 and windows accordingly according to weather and temperature regime or close the window action at specific time point.

Control cabinet 1 is by Fire Services Communication Centre 5 and Fire Net interlock, 5 pairs of control cabinets of Fire Services Communication Centre 1 send remote control signal when breaking out of fire, control cabinet 1 control window opener 3 is opened skylight and outstanding window automatically, and the output answer signal shows that to Fire Services Communication Centre 5 on-the-spot ventilation smoke exhaust work begins.

Danger button 6 is for knocking type manual emergency starting drive, allow that the fire fighter manually controls on-the-spot smoke-discharging and ventilating when emergency occurs, by smashing the front panel glass of danger button, in time opening the skylight discharges fume, press draft switch 7 simultaneously, open outstanding window and further ventilate, after emergency disappears, press danger button 6 and draft switch 7 reinstatements again.

The work engineering of the utility model intelligent aeration smoke control system is as follows:

Single-chip microcomputer 102 cyclic queries of control cabinet 1 are honourable rain inductor 401, gas security 402, smoke sensing device 403, temperature inductor 404 and 405 monitored signal of time sensor by wireless communication module 101 transmission from sensor groups 4, simultaneously control cabinet 1 reads the present position information of skylight or outstanding window through minute control box 2 and window opener 3, and shows and store to the display that the signal of accepting and positional information are sent to monitor terminal 9 together.When the single-chip microcomputer 102 of control cabinet 1 detects certain sensor alarm signal input above the established standards value is arranged, control cabinet 1 sends corresponding control instruction to a minute control box 2 at once, divide control box 2 to receive opening direction and the angle of judging skylight or outstanding window after the control instruction, calculate the revolution of required motor, the motor of restarting window opener 3 carries out fenestration procedure.In window opener 3 runnings; divide control box 2 to judge whether overload; if transship then stopping alarm; if it is normal then skylight or outstanding window are fed back to control cabinet 1 in the positional information of windowing after finishing by a minute control box 2; control cabinet 1 receives this positional information and the display that the alarm signal that itself and sensor groups 4 transmit is together delivered to monitor terminal 9 is shown and storage; simultaneously this information is sent to Fire Services Communication Centre 5 and control center, building 8 by WLAN; 5 hearts and control center, building 8 judge whether next step action of needs according to the information of reflection in the fire-fighting control, if desired can be by control cabinet 1 is sent remote control commands.

Especially, when the single-chip microcomputer 102 of control cabinet 1 detects Fire Services Communication Centre 5 the signal input is arranged, control cabinet 1 sends the instruction of windowing by a minute control box 2 to window opener 3, and the signal that blocks sensor groups 4 is imported, guarantee the fire-fighting priority, after the fire protection warning signal was cancelled, control cabinet 1 recovered the signal input function of sensor groups 4 automatically.

The automatic control system that a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system of the utility model passes through to be made up of control cabinet, branch control box and sensor groups is controlled the switching realization long-distance intelligent of skylight and outstanding window, functions such as centralized procurement light, ventilation, smoke evacuation and fire-fighting link are in one, can regulate at any angle skylight and outstanding window according to actual conditions, run into the heat radiation of discharging fume of to open the window in time rapidly under the emergency situations such as fire, having good reliability, good, the intelligent height of safety and advantage such as easy and simple to handle.

Description of the present utility model and application are illustrative, are not to want with scope restriction of the present utility model in the above-described embodiments.Here the distortion of disclosed embodiment and change is possible, and the various parts of the replacement of embodiment and equivalence are known for those those of ordinary skill in the art.Those skilled in the art are noted that under the situation that does not break away from spirit of the present utility model or substantive characteristics, and the utility model can be with other form, structure, layout, ratio, and realize with other assembly, material and parts.Under the situation that does not break away from the utility model scope and spirit, can carry out other distortion and change to disclosed embodiment here.

Claims (10)

1. an intelligent aeration smoke control system is characterized in that, comprising:
Control cabinet, described control cabinet is provided with wireless communication module;
Divide the control box, described branch control box is parallel to described control cabinet by fieldbus;
Window opener, described window opener links to each other by fieldbus with described branch control box, is subjected to the control of described branch control box to realize windowing to close window to move;
Sensor groups, described sensor groups is provided with wireless transceiver, links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless transceiver;
Fire Services Communication Centre, described Fire Services Communication Centre links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module;
Danger button, described danger button links to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus;
Draft switch, described draft switch links to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus;
Control center, building, control center, described building links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module;
Monitor terminal, described monitor terminal are terminal, link to each other with described control cabinet by fieldbus;
Wherein, described control cabinet receives the various induced signals that described sensor groups senses, and send corresponding control signal according to induced signal to described branch control box, described branch control box is controlled described window opener according to control signal the opening angle of skylight and outstanding window is regulated, simultaneously, described control cabinet detects the control instruction from described Fire Services Communication Centre and control center, described building in real time, control described window opener according to control instruction, described danger button and described draft switch are opened accordingly or are closed, and relevant information is sent to described monitor terminal shows.
2. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described control cabinet adopts embedded control system, and priority treatment is from the instruction of described Fire Services Communication Centre.
3. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described wireless communication module comprises that RS485 changes wireless module and wireless commentaries on classics RS485 module, realizes the transmission of RS485 signal double-direction radio.
4. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described control cabinet comprises single-chip microcomputer, and model is 89C52.
5. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described control cabinet further comprises standby electric power, is used for outage and waits in emergency circumstances to described control cabinet power supply.
6. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described intelligent aeration smoke control system further comprises remote controller, and described remote controller links to each other with described control cabinet by described wireless communication module.
7. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described intelligent aeration smoke control system further comprises synchronized, and described synchronized links to each other with the motor of described branch control box and described window opener respectively.
8. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described motor is the brushless slotless motor.
9. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described window opener comprises chain type window opener, rack-and-pinion window opener and screw window opener.
10. a kind of intelligent aeration smoke control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described sensor groups comprises honourable rain inductor, gas security, smoke sensing device, temperature inductor and time sensor.
CN2013200519086U 2013-01-30 2013-01-30 Intelligent ventilation and smoke discharge control system CN203145680U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104035405A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-10 山东大学 Firefighting skylight control system based on solar power supply and Internet of things technology and application thereof
CN105182871A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 成都史塔克智能科技有限公司 Central control equipment and building air refreshing control method and system
CN105332591A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-17 北京奥瑞斯锁业有限公司 Barrier-free automatic door system
CN106121434A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-16 东莞崧崴电子科技有限公司 The switch controlling device for doors that a kind of Electric Appliance Cabinet uses
CN106320886A (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-11 党电儒 Wind opener
CN106368551A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-01 杭州联络互动信息科技股份有限公司 Method and device of automatically controlling working state of window
CN106481186A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-03-08 天津利安吉隆门窗股份有限公司 Intelligent pneumatic power vent window
CN106567639A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-04-19 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Intelligent home firefighting system
CN107218710A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-09-29 太仓苏易信息科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent aeration management system
CN108729596A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-11-02 中山市宝军电子有限公司 A kind of skylight of wind sheltering lighting smoke-discharge
CN108999517A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-12-14 深圳汇创联合自动化控制有限公司 Smart home Ventilation conditioning system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104035405B (en) * 2014-05-29 2017-04-19 山东大学 Firefighting skylight control system based on solar power supply and Internet of things technology and application thereof
CN104035405A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-10 山东大学 Firefighting skylight control system based on solar power supply and Internet of things technology and application thereof
CN106320886A (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-11 党电儒 Wind opener
CN105182871A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 成都史塔克智能科技有限公司 Central control equipment and building air refreshing control method and system
CN105332591A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-17 北京奥瑞斯锁业有限公司 Barrier-free automatic door system
CN105332591B (en) * 2015-11-04 2018-05-08 北京奥瑞斯锁业有限公司 Accessible automatic door unit
CN106121434A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-16 东莞崧崴电子科技有限公司 The switch controlling device for doors that a kind of Electric Appliance Cabinet uses
CN106481186A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-03-08 天津利安吉隆门窗股份有限公司 Intelligent pneumatic power vent window
CN106368551A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-01 杭州联络互动信息科技股份有限公司 Method and device of automatically controlling working state of window
CN106567639A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-04-19 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Intelligent home firefighting system
CN107218710A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-09-29 太仓苏易信息科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent aeration management system
CN108729596A (en) * 2018-04-30 2018-11-02 中山市宝军电子有限公司 A kind of skylight of wind sheltering lighting smoke-discharge
CN108999517A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-12-14 深圳汇创联合自动化控制有限公司 Smart home Ventilation conditioning system

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