CN203136575U - Stalk cutting and field-returning machine - Google Patents

Stalk cutting and field-returning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203136575U
CN203136575U CN 201320158486 CN201320158486U CN203136575U CN 203136575 U CN203136575 U CN 203136575U CN 201320158486 CN201320158486 CN 201320158486 CN 201320158486 U CN201320158486 U CN 201320158486U CN 203136575 U CN203136575 U CN 203136575U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eccentric
frame
sides
field
gearbox
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320158486
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
武占强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIZE COUNTY ZHUOCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIZE COUNTY ZHUOCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Application filed by JIZE COUNTY ZHUOCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical JIZE COUNTY ZHUOCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201320158486 priority Critical patent/CN203136575U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203136575U publication Critical patent/CN203136575U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a stalk cutting and field-returning machine which comprises a machine frame. A height-adjustable press roller is arranged in front of the lower portion of the machine frame, a speed change box is arranged in the middle above the rear portion of the machine frame, output shafts with driving chain wheels are respectively arranged on two sides of the speed change box, two horizontal-symmetrical bearing supports are arranged on the machine frame in front of the speed change box, eccentric wheels are symmetrically arranged on two sides of each bearing support, eccentric shafts of the eccentric wheels are in sleeve connection with cutter rods through shaft sleeves, cutters are arranged at the lower ends of the cutter rods, two eccentric wheels on the inner sides are provided with driven chain wheels, and the positions of eccentric shafts of two eccentric wheels which are arranged on the inner sides and installed on the different bearing supports correspond to each other to enable two cutters arranged on the inner sides to simultaneously move up and down and two cutters arranged on the outer sides to simultaneously move up and down. In addition, the positions of eccentric shafts of the eccentric wheels arranged on the different bearing supports can be staggered at 90 degrees. The stalk cutting and field-returning machine is stable in running, not prone to breaking down and capable of being driven by a small tractor.

Description

A kind of stalk field-returning machine of cutting
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of reducing mechanism, specifically refers to a kind of straw cutting apparatus with the agricultural crop straw chopping.
Background technology
At present, increasing agricultural crop straw all is directly to pulverize the back also to handle in the field.The machinery that adopts for the farming straw-returning mainly contains two kinds, a kind of is the collecting device that stalk is set in frame the place ahead of field-returning machine, utilize the flail knife of rotation at a high speed that stalk is smashed then, the flail knife of this straw cutting apparatus is unsettled setting, flail knife can not land, therefore also after the operation of field, the root of crops and near the bar portion of root also can stand-down on; And therefore this machinery need supporting more powerful tractor because the device that draws stalk in need be arranged.Another kind is the field-returning machine with stalks cutting, and it is the cutting knife that pumps frame setting, when field-returning machine moves forward under the drive of tractor, stalk is overwhelmed on the ground, and cutting knife is with the stalks cutting of lodging then.But present stalk cutting and returning machine moves up and down at a high speed owing to cutting knife when operation; can make field-returning machine produce violent vibrations; therefore be easy to damage tractor and field-returning machine; even the gearbox transmission that working strength is higher; field-returning machine is to use the life-span also can be not oversize; often break down, need shutdown maintenance.In addition, the weight of present field-returning machine is bigger, needs to use powerful tractor to drive, and tractor below 50 horsepowers is with motionless field-returning machine at all, can only drive the field-returning machine that fabric width is 1.8m with 100 horsepowers tractors.
The utility model content
The utility model technical issues that need to address provide and a kind ofly operate steadily, be not easy to break down, the light straw cutting apparatus with stalks cutting.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of chipping field-returning machine, comprise the frame that is driven walking by tractor, the place ahead, bottom of frame is provided with the pressure roller of regulating height by adjusting bracket, adjusting bracket is arranged on the left and right sides of frame, centre position on the frame rear portion arranges a gearbox that is connected with the dynamic power machine of tractor, respectively there is an output shaft both sides of described gearbox, and the outer end of output shaft is provided with identical drive sprocket; Symmetrically on the frame in gearbox the place ahead, the rear of pressure roller be provided with two bearing blocks, the both sides of each bearing block all are symmetrically installed with eccentric wheel, be socketed with the cutter bar that the lower end is equipped with cutting knife by axle sleeve on the eccentric eccentric shaft, be positioned at two inboard eccentric wheels and be respectively arranged with by movable sprocket near a side of bearing block, describedly be connected with drive sprocket by chain by movable sprocket; Cutting knife is hinged on the rear portion of frame by hinge II, connecting rod, hinge I; Two eccentric eccentric shafts that are installed on the same bearing block become 180 ° to be symmetrical arranged, and are installed in two the inboard eccentric position of eccentric correspondences that are positioned on the disalignment bearing, and two eccentric position of eccentric that are positioned at the outside are also corresponding.
Two cutting knifes that are installed in the inboard are moved up and down simultaneously, and two cutting knifes that are positioned at the outside also can move up and down simultaneously.
Another kind of structure of the present utility model is: comprise the frame that is driven walking by tractor, the place ahead, bottom of frame is provided with the pressure roller of regulating height by adjusting bracket, adjusting bracket is arranged on the left and right sides of frame, centre position on the frame rear portion arranges a gearbox that is connected with the dynamic power machine of tractor, respectively there is an output shaft both sides of described gearbox, and the outer end of output shaft is provided with identical drive sprocket; Symmetrically on the frame in gearbox the place ahead, the rear of pressure roller be provided with two bearing blocks, the both sides of each bearing block all are symmetrically installed with eccentric wheel, be socketed with the cutter bar that the lower end is equipped with cutting knife by axle sleeve on the eccentric eccentric shaft, be positioned at two inboard eccentric wheels and be respectively arranged with by movable sprocket near a side of bearing block, describedly be connected with drive sprocket by chain by movable sprocket; Cutting knife is hinged on the rear portion of frame by hinge II, connecting rod, hinge I; The 90 ° of settings of staggering mutually of the described eccentric position of eccentric that is installed on the disalignment bearing.Make four cutting knifes with 90 ° angle interval like this, contact stalks cutting with ground successively.
Further improvement of the utility model is: each eccentric eccentric shaft has the identical radius of turn of 60~80mm.
Further improvement of the utility model is: described axle sleeve is provided with the oilhole of filling lubricating oil.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, the technological progress that the utility model is obtained is: the utility model is by the sprocket wheel chain drive, not only revolution accurately can not throw switch, and the utility model only adopts a gearbox to export two strands of power simultaneously simultaneously, can guarantee that four cutting knifes can accurately move.Said structure has also been simplified frame for movement, alleviated the overall weight of field-returning machine, use low power tractor can drive the utility model, as use 30 horsepowers tractor easily to drive, the width that width of the present utility model can also be wider than tractor reaches 2.1m; And fuel consumption of the present utility model is less in the operation process, and every mu only need consume 1~1.5 liter of diesel oil, is 1/4~1/3 of other field-returning machine.When being installed in being positioned at two inboard eccentric position of eccentric correspondences, being positioned at two eccentric position of eccentric in the outside also at once on the disalignment bearing, can make two cutting knifes that are installed in the inboard move up and down synchronously and land simultaneously, two cutting knifes that are positioned at the outside also move up and down synchronously and land simultaneously, can guarantee that like this field-returning machine does not produce excessive vibrations.
Two eccentric eccentric shafts on being installed in same bearing block become 180 ° of eccentric position of eccentric that are symmetrical arranged, are installed on the disalignment bearing to stagger mutually 90 ° when arranging, four cutting knifes contact with ground successively in the operation process, cutting knife is minimum with contacting of stalk and ground like this, it is also minimum to be subjected to resistance, also can be less to the vibrations of field-returning machine.
Use same tractor to drive field-returning machine of the present utility model, can make the power of tractor mainly act on cutting knife, the strength of chopping stalk is provided for cutting knife, can go deep into more than the soil 60mm when cutting knife of the present utility model moves downward, therefore yet all choppings of root of crops can not influenced follow-up sowing.The utility model can directly bury stalk chopped in the soil simultaneously, has avoided being dried because being exposed to ground of stalk, can fully keep original nutrient component of stalk, improves the fertility of soil.
The parts of cutting the stressed maximum of stalk field-returning machine are axle sleeve and eccentric shaft, and the oilhole that axle sleeve is provided with filling lubricating oil can provide lubricating oil for axle sleeve and eccentric shaft, to prolong its life-span.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic rear view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on the utility model right side;
Fig. 3 is another kind of structural representation of the present utility model.
Wherein, 1, line shaft, 2, frame, 3, eccentric wheel, 4, axle sleeve, 5, chain, 6.1, drive sprocket, 6.2, by movable sprocket, 7, gearbox, 8, bearing block, 9, the hinge I, 10, connecting rod, 11, the hinge II, 12, cutting knife, 13, pressure roller, 14, adjusting bracket.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further details:
Fig. 1 Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of a kind of structure of chipping field-returning machine of the present utility model, and it comprises a frame 2, the landing gear that frame 2 front end settings are connected with tractor, and field-returning machine drives walking by tractor.The place ahead, bottom of frame 2 is provided with pressure roller 13, and pressure roller 13 two ends are equipped with adjusting bracket, and adjusting bracket 14 is arranged on the left and right sides of frame 2, regulates the height of pressure roller by adjusting the installation site of adjusting bracket 14 on frame 2.One gearbox 7 is set on frame 2 rear portions, and gearbox 7 is positioned at frame 2 symmetrical centre positions, namely on the center line of frame.Gearbox 7 is that line shaft 1 is connected with the dynamic power machine of tractor, and respectively there is an output shaft both sides of gearbox 7, and the two ends of this output shaft are provided with identical drive sprocket 6.1.Symmetrical 8, two bearing blocks of two bearing blocks that are provided with are symmetrical set centered by gearbox on the frame 2 in gearbox 7 the place aheads, the rear of pressure roller 13.The both sides of each bearing block 8 all are symmetrically installed with eccentric wheel 3, are socketed with axle sleeve 4 on the eccentric shaft of each eccentric wheel 3, are fixedly welded with cutter bar on the axle sleeve 4, and the lower end of cutter bar is equipped with cutting knife 12.Be provided with the hinge II in the junction of cutting knife and cutter bar, be provided with the hinge I at the rear portion of frame, the movement locus by 10 pairs of cutting knifes of connecting rod between hinge I and the hinge II limits.Air line distance between the eccentric shaft of the eccentric wheel 3 of the both sides of same bearing block 8 is 120mm~160mm, be that each eccentric eccentric shaft is centered close on the same circumference, their radius of turn all is the identical value among 60~80mm, so that in the deep enough soil of cutting knife energy, and keep identical penetraction depth, fully with stalks cutting.Described axle sleeve 4 is provided with the oilhole of filling lubricating oil.Be positioned at two inboard eccentric wheels 3 and be respectively arranged with by 6.2, two of movable sprockets also identically by the size of movable sprocket 6.2 near a side of bearing blocks, be connected with drive sprocket 6.1 by chain 5 by movable sprocket 6.2.
The eccentric shaft that is installed in two eccentric wheels 3 on the same bearing block becomes 180 ° to be symmetrical arranged, eccentric wheel 3 be with two eccentric shafts at interval 180 ° corner rotate, make the cutting knife that is installed on these two eccentric wheels at interval 180 ° corner move one on the other.Be installed in the position of eccentric correspondence that is positioned at two inboard eccentric wheels 3 on the disalignment bearing, the position of eccentric of two eccentric wheels 3 outside being positioned at is also corresponding, make like this to be installed in two inboard cutting knifes 12 and to move up and down simultaneously, two cutting knifes in inboard two cutting knifes and the outside then at interval 180 ° corner move up and down.
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of chipping field-returning machine of the present utility model, and the difference of it and above-described embodiment is: the position of eccentric that is installed in the eccentric wheel 3 on the disalignment bearing 90 ° of settings of staggering mutually.And two eccentric eccentric shafts that are installed on the same bearing block become 180 ° to be symmetrical arranged, such four cutting knifes corner of 90 ° that staggers mutually, in the operation process four cutting knifes at interval 90 ° corner contact with ground successively, have only a cutting knife to contact with soil in four cutting knifes, cutting knife is minimum with contacting of stalk and ground, it is also minimum to be subjected to resistance, also can be less to the vibrations of field-returning machine.

Claims (4)

1. chipping field-returning machine, it is characterized in that: comprise the frame (2) that is driven walking by tractor, the place ahead, bottom of frame (2) is provided with the pressure roller (13) of regulating height by adjusting bracket (14), adjusting bracket (14) is arranged on the left and right sides of frame (2), one gearbox (7) that is connected with the dynamic power machine of tractor is set in the centre position of frame (2) above the rear portion, respectively there is an output shaft both sides of described gearbox (7), and the outer end of output shaft is provided with identical drive sprocket (6.1); Symmetrical two bearing blocks (8) that are provided with on the frame (2) in rear gearbox (7) the place ahead of pressure roller (13), the both sides of each bearing block (8) all are symmetrically installed with eccentric wheel (3), be socketed with the cutter bar that the lower end is equipped with cutting knife (12) by axle sleeve (4) on the eccentric shaft of eccentric wheel (3), be positioned at inboard two eccentric wheels (3) and be respectively arranged with by movable sprocket (6.2) near a side of bearing block (8), describedly be connected with drive sprocket (6.1) by chain (5) by movable sprocket (6.2); Cutting knife is hinged on the rear portion of frame by hinge II, connecting rod (10), hinge I; The eccentric shaft that is installed in two eccentric wheels (3) on the same bearing block becomes 180 ° to be symmetrical arranged, be installed in the position of eccentric correspondence that is positioned at inboard two eccentric wheels (3) on the disalignment bearing, the position of eccentric of two eccentric wheels (3) outside being positioned at is also corresponding.
2. a kind of chipping field-returning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise the frame (2) that is driven walking by tractor, the place ahead, bottom of frame (2) is provided with the pressure roller (13) of regulating height by adjusting bracket (14), adjusting bracket (14) is arranged on the left and right sides of frame (2), one gearbox (7) that is connected with the dynamic power machine of tractor is set in the centre position of frame (2) above the rear portion, respectively there is an output shaft both sides of described gearbox (7), and the outer end of output shaft is provided with identical drive sprocket (6.1); Symmetrical two bearing blocks (8) that are provided with on the frame (2) in rear gearbox (7) the place ahead of pressure roller (13), the both sides of each bearing block (8) all are symmetrically installed with eccentric wheel (3), be socketed with the cutter bar that the lower end is equipped with cutting knife (12) by axle sleeve (4) on the eccentric shaft of eccentric wheel (3), be positioned at inboard two eccentric wheels (3) and be respectively arranged with by movable sprocket (6.2) near a side of bearing block (8), describedly be connected with drive sprocket (6.1) by chain (5) by movable sprocket (6.2); Cutting knife is hinged on the rear portion of frame by hinge II, connecting rod (10), hinge I; The 90 ° of settings of staggering mutually of the described position of eccentric that is installed in the eccentric wheel (3) on the disalignment bearing.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 each described a kind of chipping field-returning machines, it is characterized in that: each eccentric eccentric shaft has the identical radius of turn of 60~80mm.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 each described a kind of chipping field-returning machines, it is characterized in that: described axle sleeve (4) is provided with the oilhole of filling lubricating oil.
CN 201320158486 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Stalk cutting and field-returning machine Expired - Fee Related CN203136575U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320158486 CN203136575U (en) 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Stalk cutting and field-returning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320158486 CN203136575U (en) 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Stalk cutting and field-returning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203136575U true CN203136575U (en) 2013-08-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320158486 Expired - Fee Related CN203136575U (en) 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Stalk cutting and field-returning machine

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108886946A (en) * 2018-06-17 2018-11-27 蒙城县育田机械有限公司 A kind of straw chopping and returning machine of safe efficient type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108886946A (en) * 2018-06-17 2018-11-27 蒙城县育田机械有限公司 A kind of straw chopping and returning machine of safe efficient type

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130821

Termination date: 20210402