CN203135684U - Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder - Google Patents

Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203135684U
CN203135684U CN 201320030327 CN201320030327U CN203135684U CN 203135684 U CN203135684 U CN 203135684U CN 201320030327 CN201320030327 CN 201320030327 CN 201320030327 U CN201320030327 U CN 201320030327U CN 203135684 U CN203135684 U CN 203135684U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
adjusting
ring
transmission shaft
speed
bearing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320030327
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柳志明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Ji Xuan Energy Saving Technology Co
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Tianjin Ji Xuan Energy Saving Technology Co
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Filing date
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Priority to CN 201320030327 priority Critical patent/CN203135684U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203135684U publication Critical patent/CN203135684U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of general product speed regulation, in particular a hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder. The structure of the speeder includes two bearing pedestals, wherein one bearing pedestal is inside provided with a reamed hole bolt, one side of the reamed hole bolt is fixed with a transmission shaft I, the other side of the reamed hole bolt is connected with one end of a transmission sleeve, the other end of the transmission sleeve is connected with an end cap, the reamed hole bolt and the inside of the end cap are provided with a transmission shaft II through a bearing, and an electromagnetic speed regulation mechanism is arranged between the transmission sleeve and the transmission shaft II. The hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder is applicable to the situations requiring speed regulation, overcomes the technical problem that the speed of conventional motors cannot be regulated, can be widely used for pumps, fans and other load characteristic required motors, especially applications in industrial air cooling fans and pumps, can change motor speed as the load changes, and can save up to 60% of energy by such an approach.

Description

Step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to universal product speed adjusting technique field, be particularly related to a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device, it can be applicable to the motor drive apparatus and makes the field, also can be applied to fields such as electric power, petrochemical industry, mine, metallurgy, HVAC, water supply and draining, some environment are not suitable for the abominable occasion of other speed regulating methods especially.
Background technology
The live load of aspect such as water pump, blower fan often has the characteristic of non-permanent power, the characteristic curve of work shows that power output is along with the increase and decrease of rotating speed, mostly be throttling method in actual applications and realize this variation, namely take to install additional in system the mode of control valve or wind pipe valve, and power of motor is constant substantially.Therefore part throttle characteristics such as most of similar blower fans, water pump can not change power of motor because of the rotation speed change of load in industrial and mining enterprises.So just produced a large amount of throttling energy losses, the big volume and electricity of motor having lost in vain.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve prior art problems, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device, its technology is applied in the occasion that needs speed governing, overcome the technical problem that general motor can not speed governing, the motor that requires for part throttle characteristics such as water pump, blower fans can be widely used, particularly in the application of industrial air cooling blower and water pump, can accomplish the variation of motor speed along with the variation of load, such method can be saved and be reached 60% energy.
Described technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device, comprise two bearing pedestals, be provided with the articulation hole bolt in one of them bearing pedestal, described articulation hole bolt one side fixedly has power transmission shaft I, articulation hole bolt opposite side connects an end of drive socket, the other end of described drive socket is connected with end cap, and the inside of described articulation hole bolt and end cap is equipped with power transmission shaft II by bearing, is provided with electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism between described drive socket and the power transmission shaft II.
Electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism comprises the outer support ring that is arranged on the drive socket, described outer support ring end arranges conductor loops, the outside outer sleeve that connects of described outer support ring, described outer sleeve arranges adjusting device by the Limit Bearing mobile slip ring that links on the described mobile slip ring; Described electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism also comprises the inside support ring on the power transmission shaft II, and described inside support ring outer end arranges magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring.
Adjusting device comprises the cam bawl that connects cam by drive link, and described cam bawl cunning is embedded in the spiral grooves on the mobile slip ring outer wall.
Power transmission shaft II is provided with inside support ring and the magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring of at least 2 groups, and drive socket is provided with outer support ring and the conductor loops of at least 2 groups that cooperate with it.
Magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring is outside equipped with fin.
The shift position of conductor loops can be distinguished or be regulated simultaneously to the adjusting device action, and this movement can be controlled and insert the neodymium iron boron magnetic body ring degree of depth, realizes the adjustable of transmission process rotating speed and moment of torsion.
The beneficial effect that the technical scheme that the utility model embodiment provides is brought is:
Under a large amount of energy loss background, present technique utilizes power transmission shaft step-governor d device can be applied on the equipment such as high-power blower and water pump in industrial production, realizes design and the transformation of speed governing, realization motor that can be more convenient energy-conservation.
It has the following advantages:
1, starting current is little.
2, do not produce the quality that second harmonic influences electrical network.
3, can carry out speed governing according to the requirement of load.
4, in system, install adjusting device and air door adjuster valve relatively additional, can be energy-conservation more than 60%.
5, this motor can be realized generalization, standardization, standardization, can transform used equipment and system easily.
6, because motor shaft and bearing axle are not rigidly connected, therefore large-size machine axle and bearing axle are not had friction, heavy duty and impact the damage that causes.
Description of drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme among the utility model embodiment, the accompanying drawing of required use is done to introduce simply in will describing embodiment below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below only is embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the drive socket of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the conductor loops of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device of the present utility model.
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model execution mode is described in further detail.
Shown in accompanying drawing 1-3, a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device, comprise two bearing pedestals 1, be provided with articulation hole bolt 2 in one of them bearing pedestal 1, described articulation hole bolt 2 one sides fixedly have power transmission shaft I3, and articulation hole bolt 2 opposite sides connect an end of drive socket 4, and the other end of described drive socket 4 is connected with end cap 5, the inside of described articulation hole bolt 2 and end cap 5 is equipped with power transmission shaft II7 by bearing 6, is provided with electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism between described drive socket 4 and the power transmission shaft II7.
In the present embodiment, electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism comprises the outer support ring 8 that is arranged on the drive socket 4, described outer support ring 8 ends arrange conductor loops 9, the described outer support ring 8 outside outer sleeves 10 that connect, described outer sleeve 10 arranges adjusting device 13 by the mobile slip ring 12 of Limit Bearing 11 interlocks on the described mobile slip ring 12; Described electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism also comprises the inside support ring 14 on the power transmission shaft II7, and described inside support ring 14 outer ends arrange magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15.
In the present embodiment, adjusting device comprises the cam bawl 18 that connects cam by drive link, in the described cam bawl 18 sliding spiral grooves 19 that are embedded on mobile slip ring 12 outer walls.
In the present embodiment, power transmission shaft II7 is provided with 3 groups inside support ring 14 and magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15, and drive socket 4 is provided with 3 groups outer support ring 8 and the conductor loops 9 that cooperates with it.
Magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15 is outside equipped with fin 16.
Machine work keyway on the mobile slip ring 12 is installed the lead flat key again on the keyway, the width of keyway consistent size of flat key width and fixed block, and formation is slidingly matched.
At the outside of drive socket 5 installation adjusting device 13, the execution rocking bar of adjusting device 13 continues circular motion, the execution rocking bar drives in the helicla flute of the mobile slip ring 12 of packing into, after adjusting device 13 execution commands, 13 rocking bar circular motion of adjusting device, and the screw that has produced drive disk assembly, thereby driven outer support ring 8 and conductor loops 9 is carried out move left and right.
Or installation adjusting device 13 externally, adjusting device 13 is connected with cam bawl, adjusting device 13 circumferencial directions are rotated further, and then the drive cam bawl along the circumferential direction rotates, because the rotation of cam bawl has driven mobile slip ring 12, mobile slip ring 12 has been realized movement vertically by the screw of spiral grooves and cam bawl.
Outer support ring 8 is fixed in the sliding tray of drive socket 4, and sliding tray can be rectangle goods or dovetail form, can in the groove of drive socket 4, move, and the assembling conductor loops 9 in drive socket 4, fastening by forms such as screw, key, pins.Surely connecting fin on conductor loops 9 external diameters by spiral shell.
The mobile slip ring 12 of external diameter cover assembling at Limit Bearing 11, the external diameter of mobile slip ring 12 has spiral grooves, the width of this groove is just in time consistent with the outside dimension of cam bawl, and the cam bawl tolerance dimension that is slidingly matched according to the rules is placed in the spiral grooves of mobile slip ring 12.
Limit Bearing 11 internal diameters are sleeved on the external diameter of outer support ring 8, and by becoming the shaft shoulder, back-up ring or elastic washer axially to fix.
The power transmission shaft I3 that is connected with motor is that employing is stepped, has the part of adpting flange version, and the external diameter of axle cooperates installs bearing, and bearing is fixedly mounted by bearing pedestal 1, has played location, fixation to power transmission shaft I3.
The long axle that connects load is power transmission shaft II7, and this axle is located by bearing 6 and fixed.
The outer ring of bearing I I7 is fixed in the dead eye of end cap 5, and adopts bearing cap to compress and locate by bolt.
The outer ring of bearing I I7 is fixed in the dead eye in the power transmission shaft I3, and fixes with bearing cap, adopts bolt to compress bearing cap, thereby makes power transmission shaft II7 fix and locate.
The many groups of assembling magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring bracing ring 15 on power transmission shaft II7, inside support ring 14 utilizes key 17 to be connected with power transmission shaft II7, can transmit moment of torsion.
Magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15 adopts forms such as the dovetail groove opened on the magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring bracing ring, pressing plate to connect.
The flange type of attachment is adopted at drive socket 4 two ends, utilizes the form location in boss and sub-hole, adopts bolt to be connected with end cap 5 with power transmission shaft I3.On the axle journal of one end of end cap 5 bearing is installed, the external diameter of bearing is fixed by bearing pedestal 1, and power transmission shaft I3, drive socket 4 and end cap 5 are rigidly connected and are one like this, and is supported by the bearing at two ends and fix.
Mobile slip ring 12 moves can be along move left and right vertically in the drive socket 4, drive conductor loops 9, be inserted in the magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15, the inside diameter surface of conductor loops 9 and ndfeb magnet ring 15 external diameter surfaces have certain interval, the degree of depth that enters magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring 15 along with conductor loops 9 increases, and Gan Ying length and area are all increasing between the two.
Motor is connected with power transmission shaft I3, and after the energising, the rotating speed that motor shaft rotates is n1, power transmission shaft I3 also rotates with same revolution, power transmission shaft II7 links to each other by shaft coupling with load, and its rotating speed is n2, rotation speed n 2 along with insert to conductor loops 9 magnetic Nd-Fe-B rings 15 change in depth and change.
Along with from beginning continuous insertion depth, can make the rotation speed change scope of n2 from 0-98%n1.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and is in order to limit the utility model, not all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device, comprise two bearing pedestals, be provided with the articulation hole bolt in one of them bearing pedestal, described articulation hole bolt one side fixedly has power transmission shaft I, it is characterized in that described articulation hole bolt opposite side connects an end of drive socket, the other end of described drive socket is connected with end cap, the inside of described articulation hole bolt and end cap is equipped with power transmission shaft II by bearing, is provided with electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism between described drive socket and the power transmission shaft II.
2. a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism comprises the outer support ring that is arranged on the drive socket, described outer support ring end arranges conductor loops, the outside outer sleeve that connects of described outer support ring, described outer sleeve arranges adjusting device by the Limit Bearing mobile slip ring that links on the described mobile slip ring; Described electromagnetic speed-adjusting mechanism also comprises the inside support ring on the power transmission shaft II, and described inside support ring outer end arranges magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring.
3. a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described adjusting device comprises the cam bawl that connects cam by drive link, and described cam bawl cunning is embedded in the spiral grooves on the mobile slip ring outer wall.
4. a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described power transmission shaft II is provided with inside support ring and the magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring of at least 2 groups, and drive socket is provided with outer support ring and the conductor loops of at least 2 groups that cooperate with it.
5. according to claim 2 or 4 described a kind of step-governor d permanent magnetic speed-adjusting devices, it is characterized in that described magnetic Nd-Fe-B ring is outside equipped with fin.
CN 201320030327 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder Expired - Fee Related CN203135684U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320030327 CN203135684U (en) 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320030327 CN203135684U (en) 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203135684U true CN203135684U (en) 2013-08-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320030327 Expired - Fee Related CN203135684U (en) 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Hierarchical speed regulation permanent magnet speeder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203135684U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103944347A (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-23 天津吉玄节能技术有限公司 Hierarchical-speed regulation permanent magnetic speeder
CN104065239A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-09-24 李启飞 Single-cylinder fluid governor disk type magnetic coupler

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103944347A (en) * 2013-01-21 2014-07-23 天津吉玄节能技术有限公司 Hierarchical-speed regulation permanent magnetic speeder
CN103944347B (en) * 2013-01-21 2017-01-04 天津吉玄节能技术有限公司 Step-governor d permanent magnet speed regulation device
CN104065239A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-09-24 李启飞 Single-cylinder fluid governor disk type magnetic coupler

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130814

Termination date: 20170121

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee