CN203076217U - Bean color sorter - Google Patents

Bean color sorter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203076217U
CN203076217U CN 201320031672 CN201320031672U CN203076217U CN 203076217 U CN203076217 U CN 203076217U CN 201320031672 CN201320031672 CN 201320031672 CN 201320031672 U CN201320031672 U CN 201320031672U CN 203076217 U CN203076217 U CN 203076217U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chute
eliminating
nozzle
spray nozzles
beans
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320031672
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马常松
胥和平
丁涛
刘恩树
朱体高
许丽萍
秦勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huahe New Technology Development Co Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Original Assignee
Huahe New Technology Development Co Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huahe New Technology Development Co Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry filed Critical Huahe New Technology Development Co Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Priority to CN 201320031672 priority Critical patent/CN203076217U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203076217U publication Critical patent/CN203076217U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a bean color sorter which comprises a feeding system, a photoelectric detection system, an eliminating system, a material collecting system, an air source system, a main control system and a display system; the feeding system comprises a storage bin, a feeder and a sliding chute which is obliquely formed, wherein light sources, colored CCD (charge-coupled device) lenses and background plates are arranged on two sides of the sliding chute by taking the sliding chute as the symmetry axis; the eliminating system comprises a plurality of air valves, a plurality of spray nozzles and a driving circuit, and the main control system comprises a digital signal processor for carrying out analysis processing on material images, and a field programmable gate array; the sliding chute comprises a chute body, wherein a plurality of U-shaped sliding chutes are formed in the chute body, separation ribs are formed among the U-shaped sliding chutes, and the flow state of material flow is defined by virtue of an auxiliary device horizontally laid on the sliding chute; and the eliminating system comprises a plurality of air valves, a plurality of spray nozzles and a driving circuit, wherein the spray nozzles adopt a double-layer spray nozzle structure composed of an upper layer of spray nozzles and a lower layer of spray nozzles. The bean color sorter can achieve the purpose of quick intelligentization, and is simple to operate and easy to maintain.

Description

The beans color selector
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of color selector, is specifically related to a kind of beans color selector.
Background technology
The nutritive value of beans is very high, is requisite raw material in China's traditional food, and no matter traditional traditional Chinese medical science or modern nutriology are all advocated the edible bean food of people.The kind of beans is a lot, mainly contains soybean, broad bean, mung bean, pea, red bean etc., according to beans shape and size, can be divided into bulky grain beans such as soybean, broad bean etc. and granule beans such as mung bean, red bean etc.Since 2000, along with the increase in demand of people to mung bean, China's mung bean cultivated area progressively enlarged, and mainly concentrated the some areas in northerly the Northeast and Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and annual production can reach 1,000,000 tons.The mung bean export volume of China also comes the countries and regions in the world preceding ten, and outlet also mainly concentrates on the several provinces in Jilin, Guangxi and Liaoning.The outlet mung bean is very high to the requirement of its kind and quality, and this just needs to guarantee the quality of mung bean and the uniformity of color and luster through screening that this has just proposed higher requirement to color selector.Output and the demand of beans such as the red bean of China, soya bean are also very big simultaneously, need color selector to sort with quality that guarantees finished product and the requirement of satisfying outgoing quality equally.
At present, the color selector of prior art is not thorough to the specificity analysis of beans material, the machine of most producers adopts general coarse cereals machine to carry out the look choosing often, be not to produce at beans characteristic and demand specialized designs, and the more CCD color selector that is confined to monochrome, can not well finish the high-quality look choosing of beans, invent a beans color selector for this reason based on the color ccd sensor technology.
Summary of the invention
The utility model proposes in order to overcome the shortcoming that exists in the prior art, and its objective is provides a kind of light harvesting to learn technology such as collection, image processing, pattern-recognition, machine-building in the beans color selector of one.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of beans color selector comprises feed system, photodetector system, eliminating system, material collection system, air supply system, master control system and display system.Feed system comprises storage bin, is provided with dispenser below storage bin, below dispenser, be provided with tilted-putted chute, described photodetector system comprises light source, colored CCD camera lens and background board, with the chute is symmetry axis, respectively is provided with light source, colored CCD camera lens and background board in both sides.Described eliminating system comprises a plurality of air valves, a plurality of nozzle and drive circuit, and described master control system comprises digital signal processor and the field programmable gate array that the material image is carried out analyzing and processing.
Described chute comprises cell body, forms a plurality of " U " shape chute on cell body, forms between " U " shape chute and divides muscle, by the fluidised form of the servicing unit standard material flow that is tiled in chute.
Described eliminating system comprises a plurality of air valves, a plurality of nozzle and drive circuit, and nozzle adopts double-deck nozzle arrangements, is made of upper strata nozzle and lower floor's nozzle.
The utility model can be realized fast intelligent, simple to operate, easy care.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the functional-block diagram of the utility model beans color selector;
Fig. 2 is the mechanical part structure chart of the utility model beans color selector;
Fig. 3 is a chute structure chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is along the profile of A-A line among Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is double-deck nozzle arrangements figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is along the profile of B-B line among Fig. 5.
Wherein:
1 feed system, 2 photodetector systems
3 eliminating systems, 4 material collection systems
5 air supply systems, 6 master control systems
7 display systems, 10 storage bins
11 dispensers, 12 chutes
13 light sources, 14 colored CCD camera lenses
15 background boards, 16 air valves
17 nozzles, 18 waste product storehouses
19 finished bin, 20 cell bodies
22 fens muscles of 21 U-shaped chutes
23 servicing units, 24 fixtures
25 upper strata nozzles, 26 lower floor's nozzles.
The specific embodiment
Below, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the utility model beans color selector is elaborated:
Shown in Fig. 1~6, a kind of beans color selector comprises feed system 1, photodetector system 2, eliminating system 3, material collection system 4, air supply system 5, master control system 6 and display system 7.Among the figure, hollow arrow is represented the job order between each system, and filled arrows represents that the signal of telecommunication between each system connects.
Wherein, feed system 1 comprises storage bin 10, is provided with dispenser 11 below storage bin 10, is provided with tilted-putted chute 12 below dispenser 11.Storage bin 10 is used to store the beans material for the treatment of the look choosing, for the motion state of adjusting the beans material is prepared.Dispenser 11 is divided into one-time feeding and secondary feeding, and the beans material in the storage bin 10 is sent in the chute 12 via the vibration of dispenser 11.
Wherein, chute 12 comprises cell body 20, forms a plurality of " U " shape chute 21 on cell body 20, forms between " U " shape chute 21 and divides muscle 22.Chute 12 servicing units 23 connect, and servicing unit 23 is connected with fixture 24.The height that divides muscle 22 guarantees that greater than beans material diameter the beans material flow flows in slideway, standard the flow trace of material.The servicing unit 23 that increases in detent surface is tiled on the branch muscle 22, avoids directly and the contacting of beans material, and minimizing is to the influence of its speed.Guarantee that beans logistics to be selected accurately is presented on shooting district and inlet zone equably.
Photodetector system 2 comprises light source 13, colored CCD camera lens 14 and background board 15, is symmetry axis with chute 12, respectively is provided with light source 13, colored CCD camera lens 14 and background board 15 in both sides.
Light source 13 adopts linear led light source.Colored CCD 14 camera lenses are Charge Coupled Device-charge-coupled image sensor, and background board 15 adopts the polyhedron background board, and the utility model is a hexahedron.Use colored CCD camera lens high-speed real-time to gather the image of beans material whereabouts particle, and it is red to R(to remedy the colored CCD camera lens by software algorithm), G(is green), the B(orchid) three kinds of influences that the color component dislocation causes, authentic and valid reduction beans material view data.
Eliminating system 3 is executing agencies of color selector sorting, comprises a plurality of air valves 16, a plurality of nozzle 17 and drive circuit (not shown).Wherein, nozzle 17 adopts double-deck nozzle arrangements, is made of upper strata nozzle 25 and lower floor's nozzle 26, and upper strata nozzle 25 and lower floor's nozzle 26 related controls have increased the stressed time of waiting to reject material during work, and the side-play amount that has increased material has guaranteed the accuracy of rejecting.
Material collection system 4 comprises waste product storehouse 18 and finished bin 19, all is positioned at the below of color selector.
Air supply system 5 comprises parts (all not shown) such as compressor and pipeline.
Master control system 6 comprises digital signal processor (DSP) and field programmable gate array (FPGA), realizes the analyzing and processing of material image.Wherein, DSP(Digital Signal Processor, digital signal processor) be mainly used in digital processing field, the signal that is fit to very much high density, repetitive operation and large data capacity is handled.In the utility model, be used for the analyzing and processing of digital picture and the output of signal.Wherein, FPGA(Field Programmable Gate Array, field programmable gate array): be the highest a kind of of integrated level in the special IC (ASIC), inside comprises configurable logic blocks, output input module and three parts of interconnector.
Display system 7 is as human-computer interaction interface, can select MT8121 type color touch screen for use, shows appointment material (finished product) image that sub-elects according to different sorting standards and the image of the leftover materials (waste product) of correspondence with it on the color touch screen.
The course of work of the present utility model is:
After connecting the power supply and source of the gas of beans color selector, send the feeding instruction by master control system, material to be selected via feed system form evenly, the material flow of individual layer, speed unanimity, enter the surveyed area of optical detection system.The optical detection system carries out IMAQ to material flow, generates signal and sends to master control system.Master control system is selected the setting of parameter according to look, signal is handled, and the result is returned the optical detection system of feeding.The optical detection system sends signal to eliminating system, and eliminating system blows to the waste product storehouse with heterochromatic material particles from normal material particles stream, and normal material particles falls into finished bin, realizes separating.
The utility model can be realized fast intelligent, simple to operate, easy care.

Claims (3)

1. beans color selector, comprise feed system (1), photodetector system (2), eliminating system (3), material collection system (4), air supply system (5), master control system (6) and display system (7), it is characterized in that: described feed system (1) comprises storage bin (10), be provided with dispenser (11) in storage bin (10) below, be provided with tilted-putted chute (12) in dispenser (11) below, described photodetector system (2) comprises light source (13), colored CCD camera lens (14) and background board (15), with chute (12) is symmetry axis, respectively be provided with light source (13) in both sides, colored CCD camera lens (14) and background board (15), described eliminating system (3) comprises a plurality of air valves (16), a plurality of nozzles (17) and drive circuit, described master control system (6) comprises digital signal processor and the field programmable gate array that the material image is carried out analyzing and processing.
2. beans color selector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described chute (12) comprises cell body (20), go up formation a plurality of " U " shape chute (21) at cell body (20), between two " U " shape chutes (21), form and divide muscle (22).
3. beans color selector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described eliminating system (3) comprises a plurality of air valves (16), a plurality of nozzle (17) and drive circuit, nozzle (17) adopts double-deck nozzle arrangements, is made of upper strata nozzle (25) and lower floor's nozzle (26).
CN 201320031672 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Bean color sorter Expired - Fee Related CN203076217U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320031672 CN203076217U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Bean color sorter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320031672 CN203076217U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Bean color sorter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203076217U true CN203076217U (en) 2013-07-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320031672 Expired - Fee Related CN203076217U (en) 2013-01-22 2013-01-22 Bean color sorter

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203076217U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108176614A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 安徽宏实光机电高科有限公司 It is a kind of deashing device to be assisted by the color selector that cell phone application controls
CN108349662A (en) * 2015-10-29 2018-07-31 昕芙旎雅有限公司 Gas injection mechanism and parts feeder
CN108349661A (en) * 2015-10-29 2018-07-31 昕芙旎雅有限公司 Air ejection mechanism and feed appliance
CN108655027A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-16 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 A kind of impurities identification on color selector rejects structure

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108349662A (en) * 2015-10-29 2018-07-31 昕芙旎雅有限公司 Gas injection mechanism and parts feeder
CN108349661A (en) * 2015-10-29 2018-07-31 昕芙旎雅有限公司 Air ejection mechanism and feed appliance
CN108176614A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 安徽宏实光机电高科有限公司 It is a kind of deashing device to be assisted by the color selector that cell phone application controls
CN108655027A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-16 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 A kind of impurities identification on color selector rejects structure

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130724

Termination date: 20200122

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee