CN203072347U - Automatic water culture seedling transplanter - Google Patents

Automatic water culture seedling transplanter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203072347U
CN203072347U CN 201220678592 CN201220678592U CN203072347U CN 203072347 U CN203072347 U CN 203072347U CN 201220678592 CN201220678592 CN 201220678592 CN 201220678592 U CN201220678592 U CN 201220678592U CN 203072347 U CN203072347 U CN 203072347U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water planting
guide rail
clamper
automatic transplanter
water culture
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220678592
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田真
周增产
张晓慧
陈立振
兰立波
刘水丽
Original Assignee
北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司
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Application filed by 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司
Priority to CN 201220678592 priority Critical patent/CN203072347U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203072347U publication Critical patent/CN203072347U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic water culture seedling transplanter which comprises a stand, a conveying device, a control system and a transplantation driving mechanism, wherein the bottom of the stand is provided with a group of trundles; the conveying device is at least provided with a pair of conveying tracks; the control system controls the automatic operation of various units; the pair of conveying tracks of the conveying device synchronously operate in the same direction; one of the conveying tracks conveys a water culture seedling-raising plate conveying belt, and the other one of the conveying tracks conveys a water culture cultivation plate conveying belt; and the transplantation driving mechanism is arranged above the conveying device and provided with a clamper with an array which can complete the transplantation of water culture seedlings in a translating way. The automatic water culture seedling transplanter disclosed by the utility model can realize the transplantation process of a water culture seedling-raising block from the water culture seedling-raising plate to the water culture cultivation plate and can be used for transplanting the water culture seedlings from a thick cultivation plate to a thin cultivation plate, thereby creating the favorable condition for the popularization and application of the water culture seedling plant transplantation production of protected agriculture.

Description

A kind of water planting seedling automatic transplanter

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of water planting seedling automatic transplanter, belongs to industrialized agriculture engineering cultivation technique without soil field.

Background technology

During industrialized agriculture was produced, seedling raising process comprised sowing, water, be short of seedling reseed, transplant, a series of operations such as growth management of fertilising and seedling.The nursery stock transplanting operation is the dish, to be seedling a high-intensity work from highdensity plug transplantation to low-density cave.The Application and Development of transplanter can be improved operator's working condition greatly, has also improved operating efficiency simultaneously.The transplanter of early stage development all is based on industrial robot, utilizes the basic machine and the controller of industrial machine, different end effectors is installed is realized transplanting operation.But the transplanter of research still can not solve the cultivation process of the cultivation plate from water planting sponge seedling growing block to water planting at present.The world adopts the water planting mode more and more at present, so also more and more higher to the demand of water planting seedling automatic transplanter, it is particularly important therefore to research and develop water planting nursery stock transplanting machine.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of water planting seedling automatic transplanter, it can realize that the water planting seedling growing block cultivates the transplanting process of plate from the water planting seedlings cultivating board to water planting, and the water planting seedling can be transplanted to thin cultivation plate from close cultivation plate, thereby be that applying of the seedling industrialized transplanting production of industrialized agriculture water planting created advantageous conditions.

For achieving the above object, the utility model is taked following design:

A kind of water planting seedling automatic transplanter includes:

One frame, bottom are with one group of castor;

One conveying plant has a pair of transmission track at least;

One control system is controlled the automatic operation of each unit;

The a pair of transmission track of described conveying plant for synchronously, operation in the same way, one of them transmits water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt, another transmits water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt;

One transplants driving mechanism, is arranged on the top of described conveying plant, but has the clamper that the water planting transplantation of seedlings is finished in an array translation.

The transplanting driving mechanism of described water planting seedling automatic transplanter has one group across the guide rail on a pair of transmission track of conveying plant, the clamper of an array is mutually permanently connected by the clamper link, and move along this group guide rail straight line jointly by the guide rail slide block, and each clamper carries out under the acting in conjunction of cylinder and guide rail servomotor up and down and move left and right; Described one group of guide rail interconnects linkage by the guide rail power transmission shaft, and this guide rail power transmission shaft is rotated by the control of guide rail servomotor, and the two ends of each guide rail are provided with belt pulley, and timing belt is set on the belt pulley at each guide rail two ends; The clamper of described an array is fixed on the guide rail slide block by bearing spider.

In the described water planting seedling automatic transplanter,, the clamper translational motion mechanism of control and regulation two row's clamper spacings is set when the clamper of an array has two rows when above.

In the described water planting seedling automatic transplanter, position sensor and a limit switch that a control water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting cultivation plate are sent to the transplanting position of appointment are set above the conveyer belt of conveying plant.

In the described water planting seedling automatic transplanter, position sensor and limit switch that a control water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting cultivation plate are sent to the transplanting position of appointment are set above the conveyer belt of conveying plant.

In the described water planting seedling automatic transplanter, one group of castor that described frame bottom has is adjusted the piece castor for the heavy-load type band.

In the described water planting seedling automatic transplanter, also is furnished with the touch control flow by the operation of instruction control transplanter for operating personnel.

The utility model has the advantages that:

1. this water planting seedling automatic transplanter has solved effectively under the prerequisite of not hindering seedling, and the design challenges of not damaged clamping device has been finished the transplanting process of water planting seedling quick and stable, has improved water planting transplantation of seedlings efficiency of operation.Water planting seedling automatic transplanter has improved big, the time-consuming situation of taking a lot of work of manual transplanting water planting seedling labour intensity, has realized scale, the factory operation of water planting transplantation of seedlings, and therefore, the exploitation of water planting seedling automatic transplanter has good social benefit;

2. water planting seedling automatic transplanter reasonable in design of the present utility model, the automaticity height will significantly improve the automatization level of China's industrialized agriculture water planting plantation transplantation of seedlings.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the complete machine structure schematic diagram of the utility model water planting seedling automatic transplanter one embodiment.

Fig. 2 is a transport conveyor constructions schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is that the transplanting in the utility model drives an example structure schematic diagram.

Among the figure: 1, water planting seedling automatic transplanter; 2, frame; 3, water planting cultivation plate conveying plant; 4, transplant driving mechanism; 5, touch control flow; 6, control cabinet; 7, the heavy-load type band is adjusted the piece castor; 8, water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt; 9, guide rail bearing; 10, guide rail; 11, water planting cultivation plate goes out to carry a tray; 12, driving wheel; 13, driving wheel servomotor; 14, the water planting seedlings cultivating board goes out to carry a tray; 15, carousel support plate; 16, water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt; 17, driven pulley end bearing seat; 18, driven pulley; 19, clamper link; 20, clamper translational motion mechanism; 21, belt wheel seat; 22, belt pulley; 23, guide rail; 24, clamper; 25, timing belt; 26, guide rail servomotor; 27, shaft joint; 28, guide rail power transmission shaft; 29, guide rail slide block; 30, bearing spider; 31, the axis of guide.

Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments the utility model is described further.

Embodiment

Consult shown in Figure 1ly, the utility model water planting seedling automatic transplanter 1 mainly comprises the frame 2 that supports each structural system; Water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting can be cultivated the conveying plant 3 that plate is transported to assigned address; Be provided with the transplanting driving mechanism 4 that can grasp and transplant the sponge seedling; Is furnished with touch control flow 5 user-friendly and that can automatically perform; Is furnished with each structural system of controlled control cabinet 6 of operation automatically; The heavy-load type band that can support and move whole equipment has been installed has been adjusted piece castor 7.

The heavy-load type band of the utility model water planting seedling automatic transplanter 1 is adjusted piece castor 7 can support water planting seedling automatic transplanter, and it is remained on the level height, and convenient moving.

The conveying plant of the utility model water planting seedling automatic transplanter designs according to the specification of water planting cultivation plate and water planting seedlings cultivating board; One is than the conveying plant 3 of base form embodiment as shown in Figure 2, comprises that water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8, guide rail bearing 9, guide rail 10, water planting cultivation plate go out to carry a tray 11, driving wheel 12, driving wheel servomotor 13, water planting seedlings cultivating board go out to carry a tray 14, carousel support plate 15, water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16, driven pulley end bearing seat 17, driven pulley 18.Wherein, driving wheel servomotor 13 control driving wheels 12 rotate; Driving wheel rotates drive driven pulley 18 and rotates thereupon, and driven pulley 18 is supported by driven pulley end bearing seat 17; Driving wheel 12 and driven pulley 18 rotate drive water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8 moves forward; Water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8 carrying water planting seedlings cultivating boards and water planting cultivation plate move forward to specify transplants the position; Carousel support plate 15 supports water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8, makes it to keep moving horizontally; After water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting cultivation plate are finished transplanting work, by water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8 be sent to respectively the water planting seedlings cultivating board go out to carry a tray 14 and water planting cultivation plate go out to carry a tray 11, by the staff it is transported to other local placement.Above the conveyer belt of water planting cultivation plate or water planting seedlings cultivating board conveying plant, a position sensor and a limit switch are set, can control the transplanting position that water planting cultivation plate and water planting seedlings cultivating board are sent to appointment.

The transplanting driving mechanism of the utility model water planting seedling automatic transplanter is arranged on the top of described conveying plant zone line, has an array (more than the row, every row has more than one) but the clamper of water planting transplantation of seedlings is finished in translation, entire mechanism is moved up and down by cylinder control, clamper carries out move left and right on guide rail simultaneously, finishes the extracting of water planting sponge block and transplants motion.Among the embodiment as shown in Figure 3, transplant drives structure 4 and comprise clamper link 19, clamper translational motion mechanism 20, belt wheel seat 21, belt pulley 22, guide rail 23, clamper 24, timing belt 25, guide rail servomotor 26, shaft joint 27, guide rail power transmission shaft 28, guide rail slide block 29, bearing spider 30, the axis of guide 31.Two groups of clampers 24 among this embodiment are fixed on the clamper link 19; By the spacing of clamper translational motion mechanism 20 control and regulation, two row's clampers, make it to be fit to the water planting cultivation plate and the water planting seedlings cultivating board of different spacing size.Two groups of clampers 24 are fixed on the guide rail slide block 29 by bearing spider 30; Guide rail slide block 29 is fixed on the timing belt 25; Belt pulley 22 is installed at timing belt 25 two ends, is furnished with belt wheel seat 21 outside the belt pulley 22, is fixed on the guide rail 23; Shaft joint 27 is used to connect guide rail servomotor 26 and guide rail power transmission shaft 28; When guide rail servomotor 26 control guide rail power transmission shafts 28 rotated, guide rail power transmission shaft 28 drove belt pulley 22 and rotates, and timing belt 25 rotates thereupon; Be fixed on guide rail slide block 29 on the timing belt 25 and drive two groups of clampers 24 and move as straight line along guide rail 23, the axis of guide 31 works to support and keep rectilinear translation; When moving forward to, water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8 carrying water planting seedlings cultivating boards and water planting cultivation plate specify when transplanting the position, clamper 24 carries out under the acting in conjunction of cylinder and guide rail servomotor 26 up and down and move left and right, transplants motion thereby finish.

The course of work of the present utility model is: water planting seedlings cultivating board that will be to be transplanted and water planting to be implanted cultivation plate are placed on respectively on water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and the water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8.Under driving wheel servomotor 13 control driving wheels 12 rotated, water planting seedlings cultivating board that water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt 16 and water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt 8 will be to be transplanted and empty water planting cultivation plate to be implanted were sent to assigned address.Synchronous cog belt 25 is begun to carry out the extracting of water planting seedling sponge then under the effect of guide rail servomotor 26 two groups of clampers 24 being sent to above the water planting seedlings cultivating board by clamper 24.After extracting finished, synchronous cog belt 25 was sent to water planting cultivation plate top with two groups of clampers 24, and the water planting seedling sponge block that grasps is inserted in the water planting cultivation plate.And so forth, until being transplanted, the water planting transplanted seedling finishes.

Referring to shown in Figure 1, also can be provided with one and touch control flow, operating personnel can pass through to touch the operation of the instruction control transplanter on the control flow, comprise the start and stop of water planting seedling automatic transplanter, the selection of water planting cultivation board type, the operation of water planting cultivation plate conveying plant, the transplanting campaign of transplanting driving mechanism etc.These several componental movements all move according to the workflow that configures, intersected with each other carrying out, and it can not given unnecessary details by existing techniques in realizing herein.

The various embodiments described above can not break away under the scope of the present utility model in addition some variations, thus above explanation comprise should be considered as exemplary, but not in order to limit the protection domain that the utility model is applied for a patent.

Claims (10)

1. water planting seedling automatic transplanter includes:
One frame, bottom are with one group of castor;
One conveying plant has a pair of transmission track at least;
One control system is controlled the automatic operation of each unit;
It is characterized in that:
The a pair of transmission track of described conveying plant for synchronously, operation in the same way, one of them transmits water planting seedlings cultivating board conveyer belt, another transmits water planting cultivation plate conveyer belt;
One transplants driving mechanism, is arranged on the top of described conveying plant, but has the clamper that the water planting transplantation of seedlings is finished in an array translation.
2. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transplanting driving mechanism has one group across the guide rail on a pair of transmission track of conveying plant, the clamper of an array is mutually permanently connected by the clamper link, and move along this group guide rail straight line jointly by the guide rail slide block, and each clamper carries out under the acting in conjunction of cylinder and guide rail servomotor up and down and move left and right.
3. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described one group of guide rail interconnects linkage by the guide rail power transmission shaft, this guide rail power transmission shaft is rotated by the control of guide rail servomotor, the two ends of each guide rail are provided with belt pulley, and timing belt is set on the belt pulley at each guide rail two ends.
4. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the clamper of described an array is fixed on the guide rail slide block by bearing spider.
5. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: when the clamper of an array has two rows when above, the clamper translational motion mechanism of control and regulation two row's clamper spacings is set.
6. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: position sensor and a limit switch that a control water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting cultivation plate are sent to the transplanting position of appointment are set above the conveyer belt of conveying plant.
7. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: position sensor and limit switch that a control water planting seedlings cultivating board and water planting cultivation plate are sent to the transplanting position of appointment are set above the conveyer belt of conveying plant.
8. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: one group of castor that described frame bottom has is adjusted the piece castor for the heavy-load type band.
9. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be furnished with the touch control flow by the operation of instruction control transplanter for operating personnel.
10. water planting seedling automatic transplanter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transplanting driving mechanism is arranged on the top of described conveying plant zone line.
CN 201220678592 2012-12-10 2012-12-10 Automatic water culture seedling transplanter CN203072347U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392431A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-11-20 林良宪 Seedling transplanting machine
CN103444329A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-18 江苏大学 Cavity disc conveying and positioning method of pot seedling transplanter
CN103621320A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 浙江大学 Scion seedling feeding, clamping and cutting device for grafting
CN103636333A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-19 中国农业大学 Intelligent seed and seedling sorting and transplanting machine
CN104604403A (en) * 2015-02-01 2015-05-13 浙江大学 Mechanical operation device for automatically filling gaps with seedlings
CN103466261B (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-08-19 江苏大学 A kind of pot seedling transplanter cave dish conveying and positioning device
CN105340440A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 浙江大学 Seedling tray partition device for assistance of machine vision detection on tray seedling quality
CN105766275A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-07-20 常州市风雷精密机械有限公司 Automatic greenhouse vegetable planting process and production line thereof
CN106256195A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-28 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis automatization's water planting breeding equipment
CN106256186A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-28 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis branch cutting apparatus for correcting
CN106258379A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis breeds machine with automatic water cutting
CN106982671A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-28 江苏大学 A kind of block seedling automatic transplanting device and method
CN108934338A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-07 浙江理工大学 A kind of leaf vegetables water planting seedling transplanting device
WO2019051991A1 (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-03-21 江苏大学 Integrated automatic sorting, transplanting, and replanting system for plug seedlings and implementation method
CN110574533A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-17 浙江理工大学 Double leaf dish seedling transplanting device
CN110754184A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 浙江理工大学 Seedling transplanting device

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392431A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-11-20 林良宪 Seedling transplanting machine
CN103466261B (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-08-19 江苏大学 A kind of pot seedling transplanter cave dish conveying and positioning device
CN103444329A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-18 江苏大学 Cavity disc conveying and positioning method of pot seedling transplanter
CN103444329B (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-05-06 江苏大学 Cavity disc conveying and positioning method of pot seedling transplanter
CN103621320A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 浙江大学 Scion seedling feeding, clamping and cutting device for grafting
CN103621320B (en) * 2013-11-26 2016-08-10 浙江大学 Grafting Seedling on scion Seedling and clamping topping machanism
CN103636333B (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-04-20 中国农业大学 Seedling intelligence sorting transplanter
CN103636333A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-19 中国农业大学 Intelligent seed and seedling sorting and transplanting machine
CN104604403A (en) * 2015-02-01 2015-05-13 浙江大学 Mechanical operation device for automatically filling gaps with seedlings
CN105340440A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 浙江大学 Seedling tray partition device for assistance of machine vision detection on tray seedling quality
CN105340440B (en) * 2015-12-03 2017-05-17 浙江大学 Seedling tray partition device for assistance of machine vision detection on tray seedling quality
CN105766275A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-07-20 常州市风雷精密机械有限公司 Automatic greenhouse vegetable planting process and production line thereof
CN106256186B (en) * 2016-08-09 2019-04-05 新昌县博衍智能科技有限公司 A kind of China rose branch cutting apparatus for correcting
CN106256195A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-28 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis automatization's water planting breeding equipment
CN106256186A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-28 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis branch cutting apparatus for correcting
CN106258379A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 安庆蓝珊瑚生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of Flos Rosae Chinensis breeds machine with automatic water cutting
CN106982671A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-28 江苏大学 A kind of block seedling automatic transplanting device and method
WO2019051991A1 (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-03-21 江苏大学 Integrated automatic sorting, transplanting, and replanting system for plug seedlings and implementation method
CN108934338A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-07 浙江理工大学 A kind of leaf vegetables water planting seedling transplanting device
CN110574533A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-17 浙江理工大学 Double leaf dish seedling transplanting device
CN110754184A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 浙江理工大学 Seedling transplanting device

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