CN203055298U - High-simulation multifunctional nursing teaching mannequin - Google Patents

High-simulation multifunctional nursing teaching mannequin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203055298U
CN203055298U CN 201320038437 CN201320038437U CN203055298U CN 203055298 U CN203055298 U CN 203055298U CN 201320038437 CN201320038437 CN 201320038437 CN 201320038437 U CN201320038437 U CN 201320038437U CN 203055298 U CN203055298 U CN 203055298U
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China
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mannequin
module
joints
genitalia
elliptical
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CN 201320038437
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Chinese (zh)
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杨幼宏
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上海新成文教仪器有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a high-simulation multifunctional nursing teaching mannequin in the teaching model field. A perineum part of the mannequin is provided with a concave surface and an oval opening and male or female genitalia modules which fit with the concave surface and the oval opening. Arms and legs of the mannequin are connected with a trunk through raised tongues and grooves. Hip joints, shoulder joints, elbow joints, wrist joints, knee-joints and ankle joints of the mannequin are connected by the use of round tongues and grooves. Joints of the mannequin are connected through countersunk head flat screws and nuts. According to the utility model, the high-simulation multifunctional nursing teaching mannequin has high simulation; bending and rotation motions of human body can be simulated; it is convenient and fast to replace the male and female genitalia modules; the catheterization process can be continuously operated; and joints of arms and legs with the trunk are convenient to detach and assemble.

Description

高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型 High simulation mannequin multifunctional nursing teaching

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种教学模型,跟具体地说,本实用新型涉及一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型。 [0001] The present invention relates to a teaching model, with particularly, the present invention relates to a multi-functional high-care teaching simulation mannequin.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 合格的专业护理人员必须经过多年的专业理论学习和临床实践,才能胜任本职工作。 [0002] qualified healthcare professionals must learn after years of professional theory and clinical practice in order to be competent at their work. 因为人的生命健康来不得半点失误,否则会造成严重的后果。 Because people's lives and health does not allow for mistakes, otherwise it will cause serious consequences. 所以护理人员在学习专业护理技能时,先要在人体模型上进行操作练习,由此产生仿真护理教学人体模型。 So when nurses learn professional nursing skills, we have to carry out exercises on a mannequin, resulting simulation mannequin nursing education. 现有技术的人体模型存在仿真度不高、功能单一等缺陷,具体表现在以下几点:一是腹部功能存在操作过程繁琐,需打开腹部上盖、更换内部配件复杂及残留液体不易清除;二是各关节的活动僵硬,与真人关节相比,缺少自由度;三是各关节的连接采用凸出人体模型表面的螺栓,妨碍实习人员的操作及有损于产品的美观;四是连续安装不方便等。 Human presence simulation model of the prior art is not high, single function and other defects, specifically in the following points: First, the presence of functional abdominal operation cumbersome, open the abdominal cover, replacement of internal parts of complex and difficult to remove the residual liquid; two is the stiffness of the joints activity, compared with real joints, the lack of freedom; third joint connecting the convex mold surface using a bolt body, and interfere with the operation trainee detrimental to the aesthetics of the product; four consecutive not installed convenient.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型发明的目的是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种仿真度高、功能多的一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型。 [0003] The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, providing a high degree of simulation, a multi-function multi-purpose teaching high simulation mannequin.

[0004] 本实用新型发明的目的是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0004] The object of the present invention, the invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0005] 一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型。 [0005] a highly versatile nursing teaching simulation mannequin. 所述人体模型会阴处设有凹面和椭圆形开口及与之配套的男性或女性生殖器模块;所述人体模型的手臂、腿部与躯干的连接处,采用凸字形榫槽连接;所述人体模型的髋关节、肩关节、肘关节、腕关节、膝关节和踝关节采用圆形榫槽连接;所述人体模型各关节连接点采用沉头平螺栓和螺母连接。 The manikin has a concave surface at the perineum and the oblong opening and its accompanying male or female genitalia module; the mannequin's arm, leg and trunk connection, the use of convex shape tongue and groove connection; the manikin hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee and ankle joints with circular tongue and groove connection; the articulation point of each manikin using flat countersunk head screws and nuts.

[0006] 本实用新型发明的目的还可以通过下述技术方案实现的: [0006] The object of the present invention, the invention may also be implemented by the following technical scheme:

[0007] 所述人体模型的会阴部设有两层凹面,第一层为浅层凹面,其外廓形状模拟人体会阴部,第二层为深层圆形凹面,第二层凹面中间设有椭圆形开口,该椭圆形开口一头大一头小,其腹腔内为模拟人体器官;所述人体会阴部设有与两层凹面及椭圆形开口相配套的生殖器模块,该生殖器模块内设有连通外生殖器的储液罐,所述储液罐设有透明软管连通腹腔内的模拟膀胱。 [0007] The perineum is provided with two concave mannequin, the first layer is a shallow concave outer contour shape of the perineal simulated human body, the second layer is a deep concave circular, concave surface of the second intermediate layer is provided with an elliptical shaped opening, the oval-shaped opening a large one small, the abdominal cavity is simulated human organs; the perineal body and is provided with two concave elliptical aperture supporting the genitals module, the module is equipped with communication genital genitalia the reservoir, the reservoir is provided with a transparent tube communicating simulated bladder in the abdominal cavity. 所述生殖器模块设有男生殖器和女生殖器两种,男性生殖器模块内设有两只储液罐,分别模拟膀胱与直肠、女性生殖器模块内设有三只储液罐,分别模拟膀胱、阴道与直肠。 The module is provided with male genitalia genitalia and female genitalia are two kinds of male genitalia module equipped with two reservoir were simulated bladder and rectum, female genital module features three reservoir were simulated bladder, vagina and rectum . 所述模拟膀胱的储液罐设有透明软管连通躯干的腹部。 The simulated bladder reservoir provided with a transparent tube communicating the abdomen of the trunk. 所述生殖器模块由软胶制成,该生殖器模块内设有与椭圆形开口配套的椭圆形凸块,所述椭圆形凸块的周边略大于椭圆形开口。 The module is made of a soft genitalia, the module features a supporting genital elliptical bumps oblong opening, the periphery of the elliptical shape slightly larger elliptical opening bumps.

[0008] 与现有技术相比,本实用新型具有以下有益效果: [0008] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0009] 1.本实用新型按成年女性标准体型制作成模型,外型触感真实、 [0009] 1. The present invention is made according to standard adult female body as a model, good feel real,

[0010] 解剖精准、功能齐全、拆装方便、经久耐用、四肢关节灵活、各部分关节均按真实关节功能屈伸、侧转。 [0010] anatomical precision, full-featured, easy accessibility, durable, flexible limbs, joints, various parts are by real joint function joint flexion and extension, swivel. 通过模型模拟各种临床护理技术的操作,完成床上擦浴及更衣;练习搬运病人、翻身、约束、眼睛及口腔护理、气管切开后护理、练习氧气吸入法、雾气吸入法、鼻饲法、洗胃、乳房护理、肌肉注射、瘘管护理、导尿、灌肠、手指足趾的包扎等一系列示范与教学; Simulation models operated by various clinical care technologies, complete bed and dressing sponge bath; patient handling exercises, turn, bound, eyes and oral care, the tracheostomy care, exercise oxygen inhalation, mist inhalation, nasal feeding, washing a series of demonstration and teaching stomach, breast care, intramuscular injection, the fistula care, catheterization, enema, fingers toes dressings;

[0011] 2.由于腹部结构及功能的改进,便捷更换男女生殖器模块; [0011] 2. Due to the improved structure and function of the abdomen, male and female genitals convenient replacement module;

[0012] 3.导尿的操作过程可做到连续性; [0012] 3. The process of catheterization can be achieved continuity of operation;

[0013] 4.四肢与躯干的拆装方便。 [0013] 4. The easy disassembly of the limbs and trunk.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1为高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型示意图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the human body model multifunctional nursing teaching high simulation;

[0015] 图2为高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型女性生殖器模块示意图; [0015] FIG. 2 is a multi-purpose teaching high simulation mannequin female genital Block Diagram;

[0016] 图3为高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型男性生殖器模块示意图; [0016] FIG. 3 is a multi-purpose teaching high simulation mannequin male genitalia Block Diagram;

[0017] 图4为高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型手臂与躯干连接示意图。 [0017] Figure 4 is a high simulation mannequin arms and torso multifunctional nursing teaching connection diagram.

[0018] 图中:椭圆形开口1、浅层凹面2、深层圆形凹面3、生殖器模块4、储液罐5、透明软管6、椭圆形凸块7、手臂8、腿部9、躯干10、卡榫11、卡槽12、螺栓和螺母13。 [0018] FIG: 1 elliptical aperture, shallow concave 2, 3 deep concave circular, genital module 4, the liquid reservoir 5, the transparent tube 6, elliptical projections 7, 8 arms, legs 9, the torso 10, a tenon 11, a card slot 12, a bolt 13 and a nut.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 下面将结合附图对本实用新型的实质性内容作进一步详细描述: [0019] The following with reference to the substance of the present invention will be further described in detail:

[0020] 如图1所示:一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型。 [0020] 1: a highly versatile nursing teaching simulation mannequin. 如图2和图3所示:人体模型会阴处设有凹面和椭圆形开口I及与之配套的男性或女性生殖器模块4,凹面有两层,第一层为浅层凹面2,其外廓形状模拟人体会阴部,第二层为深层圆形凹面3,第二层凹面中间设有椭圆形开口1,该椭圆形开口I 一头大一头小,其腹腔内为模拟人体器官;人体会阴部设有与两层凹面及椭圆形开口I相配套的生殖器模块4,生殖器模块4由软胶制成,生殖器模块4设有男性生殖器和女性生殖器两种,可根据教学需要更换。 2 and 3: human model is provided with a concave at the perineum and the elliptical aperture I and its accompanying modules 4 male or female genitalia, has two concave surface, a first layer 2 shallow concave outer profile shape mimic human perineum, the second layer is a deep circular concave surface 3, a second intermediate layer is provided with a concave elliptical aperture 1, the oblong opening a large one small I, the abdominal cavity is simulated human organs; perineal body disposed I have matching concave and genital module with two oval openings 4, genital module 4 is made of soft rubber, genital module 4 is provided with two kinds of male genitalia, and female genitalia, can be replaced according to the teaching. 生殖器模块4内设有连通外生殖器的储液罐5。 Genital module 4 is equipped with reservoir 5 communicating external genitalia. 男性生殖器模块4内设有两只储液罐5,分别模拟膀胱与直肠、女性生殖器模块内设有三只储液罐5,分别模拟膀胱、阴道与直肠。 4 male genitalia module equipped with two liquid storage tank 5, respectively simulate the bladder and rectum, female genital module features three reservoir 5, respectively simulate the bladder, vagina and rectum. 模拟膀胱的储液罐5设有透明软管6连通躯干10的腹部。 Simulation bladder reservoir tank 5 is provided with a transparent tube communicating 6 abdomen of the trunk 10. 生殖器模块4内设有与椭圆形开口I配套的椭圆形凸块7,椭圆形凸块7的周边略大于椭圆形开口1,因生殖器模块4由软胶制成,富有弹性。 I genital module 4 equipped with supporting projections oval-shaped opening 7 with oval, elliptical perimeter projection 7 is slightly larger than the oval opening 1, module 4 is made due to genital soft and elastic. 在更换男或女生殖器模块4时,只要将男或女性生殖器模块4会阴外侧两端固定处松开,再将生殖器模块4上的透明软管6与模型躯干10断开,将男性或女性生殖器模块4的椭圆形凸块7对准椭圆形开口I稍作用力,便可将生殖器模块4镶嵌在椭圆形开口I中。 Male or female genital replacement module 4, as long as the male or female genitalia perineum module 4 is fixed at both ends of the outer release, then the transparent tube on the genitalia modules 46 and 10 disconnect the trunk model, the male or female genitalia module 4 oval shaped projection 7 align I slightly oblong opening force, it will be embedded in the genital module 4 I of the elliptical aperture. 由于椭圆形凸块7的弹性作用,椭圆形凸块7能够牢固张紧在椭圆形开口I中。 Since the spring action of elliptical projection 7, elliptical projections 7 can be firmly tensioned elliptical aperture I below. 生殖器模块4还可以使导尿操作过程做到连续性,只要将装有模拟尿液袋悬挂在输液架上,并把尿液袋与膀胱造瘘口连接,打开尿液袋下的阻液夹,使尿液充满膀胱,关闭阻液夹,即能进行一次导尿练习操作。 Genital module 4 may allow the process to achieve operating continuity catheterization, as long as the bag is suspended with simulated urine in the IV pole, the bladder and the urine bag and the stoma is connected, the urine liquid barrier open pocket clip the bladder is full of urine, liquid barrier interposed to close, i.e., able to exercise a catheterization operation. 完成操作后,重复充盈膀胱就能再次进行导尿操作,改变传统产品做完一次就要拆开生殖器模块4,重新充盈膀胱才能再次操作的缺点。 When you're done, repeat the filling of the bladder catheterization operation can be carried out again, to change the traditional product done once will open the genitalia module 4, re-filling the bladder to operate again drawbacks.

[0021] 如图1和图4所示:人体模型的手臂8、腿部9与躯干10的连接处,采用凸字形榫槽连接,只要将手臂8和腿部9上端的凸字形卡榫11对准卡槽12,装入并旋转卡榫11便完成安装;如欲拆卸,反向程序操作即可。 [0021] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4: mannequin arm 8, 9 and the leg portion 10 is connected to the trunk, using a tongue and groove connection convex shape, as long as the upper end 9 of the arms 8 and legs convex shape tenons 11 aligned slots 12, 11 is loaded and rotated tenon mounting is completed; to disassemble, the reverse operation to the program. 人体模型的髋关节、肩关节、肘关节、腕关节、膝关节和踝关节采用圆形榫槽连接,这样的连接关系,可以使各关节作模拟人体的旋转动作。 Mannequin hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee and ankle joints with circular tongue and groove connection, such a connection relationship, each joint can be made as an analog of the rotational operation body. 人体模型各关节连接点采用沉头平螺栓和螺母连接13,即螺栓和螺母13不露出人体模型的表体,使人体模型更美观且方便实习人员的操作。 Each articulation points mannequin using flat countersunk head screws 13 and the nuts, bolts and nuts 13 that is not exposed to the human body model the meter body, the body model more beautiful and easy operator training.

Claims (4)

1.一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型,其特征在于:所述人体模型会阴处设有凹面和椭圆形开口及与之配套的男性或女性生殖器模块;人体模型的手臂、腿部与躯干的连接处,采用凸字形榫槽连接;所述人体模型的髋关节、肩关节、肘关节、腕关节、膝关节和踝关节采用圆形榫槽连接;所述人体模型各关节连接点采用沉头平螺栓和螺母连接。 A multi-purpose teaching high simulation manikin, characterized in that: said concave surface is provided at the perineum mannequin and an oval opening and its accompanying modules male or female genitalia; mannequin arms, legs and torso junction, convex shape using a tongue and groove connection; the mannequin hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee and ankle joints with circular tongue and groove connection; the articulation point of each manikin sink using flat head bolts and nuts.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型,其特征在于:所述人体模型的会阴部设有两层凹面,第一层为浅层凹面,其外廓形状模拟人体会阴部,第二层为深层圆形凹面,第二层凹面中间设有椭圆形开口,该椭圆形开口一头大一头小,其腹腔内为模拟人体器官;所述人体会阴部设有与两层凹面及椭圆形开口相配套的生殖器模块,该生殖器模块内设有连通外生殖器的储液罐。 2. A method according to claim 1 multi-purpose teaching high simulation manikin, characterized in that: said perineum mannequin with two concave surface, a first layer is a shallow concave outer contour shape mimic perineal body, the second layer is a deep concave circular, concave surface of the second intermediate layer is provided with an elliptical opening, the oval opening of a large one small, the abdominal cavity is simulated human organs; said body is provided with two perineum layer and the concave elliptical aperture matching genitals module, the module is equipped with communication genital genitalia reservoir.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型,其特征在于:所述生殖器模块设有男生殖器和女生殖器两种,男性生殖器模块内设有两只储液罐,分别模拟膀胱与直肠、女性生殖器模块内设有三只储液罐,分别模拟膀胱、阴道与直肠,所述模拟膀胱的储液罐设有透明软管连通躯干的腹部。 3. The right to one of the 2 multi-purpose teaching high simulation mannequin, characterized in that: the module has male genitalia genitalia and female genitalia are two kinds of male genitalia module equipped with two liquid storage tank, simulate the bladder and rectum, female genital reservoir module is equipped with three were simulated bladder, vagina and rectum, the bladder reservoir simulation transparent tube communicating with the abdomen of the trunk.
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种高仿真多功能护理教学人体模型,其特征在于:所述生殖器模块由软胶制成,该生殖器模块内设有与椭圆形开口配套的椭圆形凸块,所述椭圆形凸块的周边略大于椭圆形开口。 According to claim 3, wherein one of the multi-purpose teaching high simulation manikin, characterized in that: said module consists genital made soft, the module is equipped with elliptical genital bumps matching elliptical opening perimeter of the elliptical projection is slightly larger than the elliptical aperture.
CN 201320038437 2013-01-24 2013-01-24 High-simulation multifunctional nursing teaching mannequin CN203055298U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105551359A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-04 上海市杨浦区中心医院 Multifunctional human body catheter model structure
CN106571093A (en) * 2015-10-08 2017-04-19 王宽垒 Human body model having high simulation skin, muscles and bone joint connection structures
CN108172094A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-06-15 宋敏 A kind of high imitation multi-functional nursing teaching manikin

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106571093A (en) * 2015-10-08 2017-04-19 王宽垒 Human body model having high simulation skin, muscles and bone joint connection structures
CN105551359A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-04 上海市杨浦区中心医院 Multifunctional human body catheter model structure
CN108172094A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-06-15 宋敏 A kind of high imitation multi-functional nursing teaching manikin

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