CN203052990U - Multifunctional energy-saving water boiler - Google Patents

Multifunctional energy-saving water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203052990U
CN203052990U CN 201220604193 CN201220604193U CN203052990U CN 203052990 U CN203052990 U CN 203052990U CN 201220604193 CN201220604193 CN 201220604193 CN 201220604193 U CN201220604193 U CN 201220604193U CN 203052990 U CN203052990 U CN 203052990U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water tank
attemperater
energy
heating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220604193
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩宗伟
丁慧婷
赵晶
刘志凯
余江游
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Northeastern University China
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Northeastern University China
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Application filed by Northeastern University China filed Critical Northeastern University China
Priority to CN 201220604193 priority Critical patent/CN203052990U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203052990U publication Critical patent/CN203052990U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional energy-saving water boiler, and relates to a water boiler. The multifunctional energy-saving water boiler comprises an air source heat pump device and a boiling water treatment device which are connected through a condenser, wherein the air source heat pump device comprises a compressor, a condenser, a throttle valve and a fan; the boiling water treatment device comprises a hot water tank and a boiling water tank; the boiling water tank is positioned at the upper part of the hot water tank; and the boiling water tank is internally provided with a heating water tank and a heat preservation water tank. The multifunctional energy-saving water boiler provided by the utility model is simple and reasonable in structure, high in energy utilization and low in circuit load; electric energy is used as drive by utilizing a heat pump technology to take heat from a low-grade environment to heat drinking water, so that electric energy consumption is lowered; and a hot water and boiling water outlet is designed in consideration of people's water drinking habits, so that the use function of the water boiler is expanded, and a part of waste heat is recovered; and an evaporator in a device can be used as an air conditioner to provide cooling capacity in summer, so that the energy saving performance of the device is further improved.

Description

The energy-saving multifunctional boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, particularly a kind of energy-saving multifunctional boiler.
Background technology
China is the maximum country of world population, and daily drinking-water demand is very huge, along with the raising of living standards of the people, enlarges markedly for the demand of health hot water especially drinking hot water.Drinking equipment mainly contains two kinds of forms at present, and is a kind of for boiler room supply drinking water, though this form is directly utilized primary energy, but special boiler room and special messenger need be set to be kept an eye on, and will examine annually every year, and the pollution of waste gas and waste residue is all compared seriously, and thermal efficiency ratio is lower.Second kind is the electric water boiler of Electric heating, though this mode is clean, and it is fast, convenient, use flexibly, but in electricallly heated water boiling vessels when operation, be converted into heat energy with electric energy and be used for heating cold water again, in the process high-grade electric energy is converted into low-grade heat energy, causes its thermal efficiency ratio lower, and also have disadvantages such as heating power is big, circuit load height.In addition, because people's custom is drunk warm water, therefore need in air boiling water be carried out the nature cooling after obtaining boiling water, this mode has greatly been wasted the energy and time.
The problems referred to above have all caused the waste of the energy, have limited the energy saving in running of boiler.In short supply day by day at the energy, country advocates energy-conservation today, and this energy waste problem can not look down upon, and needs adequate solution badly.
Summary of the invention
Deficiency at the prior art existence, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of simple and reasonable, energy utilization rate is high, circuit load is little energy-saving multifunctional boiler, heat-obtaining heats drinking water from low-grade environment as driving with electric energy to utilize heat pump techniques, effectively reduces power consumption; Consider that people's drinking habit designs warm boiling water outlet, has expanded the function of use of boiler, and has reclaimed part of waste heat; Evaporimeter in the device also can be used as air-conditioning in summer cold is provided, and further improves the energy saving of device.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that a kind of energy-saving multifunctional boiler, comprise heat pump apparatus of air source and boiling water treating apparatus, the two connects by condenser, wherein, heat pump apparatus of air source comprises compressor, condenser, choke valve and blower fan, and described boiling water treating apparatus is made up of reservoir and boiled water tank, and described boiled water tank is positioned at the top of reservoir, heating water tank and attemperater are set in described boiled water tank, and described heating water tank is positioned at attemperater top; The cold water inlet of boiled water tank is connected with the cooling water outlet of reservoir by pipeline, and the outlet of boiling water on the attemperater is provided with the boiling water tap, and the warm water outlet of attemperater is connected by the warm water tap that arranges on Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger and the reservoir; The boiling water outlet of heating water tank connects the boiling water entrance of attemperater by magnetic valve; Sewage draining exit at described attemperater is provided with blowoff valve; Be respectively equipped with steam vent on the top of described heating water tank, the top of attemperater; Described heat pump apparatus of air source also comprises evaporimeter, and described evaporimeter, compressor, condenser and choke valve are connected by pipeline, constitutes the vapor compression heat pump closed circuit.
In described heating water tank, be provided with first condensate tank of dehumidifier, whether reach setting value for detection of the water level in the heating water tank, and then water inlet and the draining of control heating water tank.
In described attemperater, be provided with second condensate tank of dehumidifier, whether reach setting value for detection of the water level in the attemperater, and then the water inlet of attemperater and draining.
The sidewall of described heating water tank is provided with first temperature-sensing probe, whether reaches design temperature for detection of boiling water temperature in the heating water tank, and then controls the duty of first electric heating tube.
The sidewall of described attemperater is provided with second temperature-sensing probe, whether reaches design temperature for detection of boiling water temperature in the attemperater, and then controls the duty of second electric heating tube.
On the sidewall of described heating water tank, also be provided with for first electric heating tube that the water in the heating water tank is heated.
On the sidewall of described attemperater, also be provided with for second electric heating tube that the water in the attemperater is heated.
Described reservoir is press-bearing water tank, and the boiling water branch road of attemperater enters Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger in the reservoir and running water to be heated carries out heat exchange, is flowed out by the warm water tap then.
Described evaporimeter is air-cooled evaporimeter, is positioned over indoor or is positioned over outdoor or places respectively indoor and outdoor, then two evaporimeters is connected in parallel.Described evaporimeter is a kind of device that can absorb heat when summer, cold is provided as air-conditioning.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model does not have waste gas, the residue contamination of plain cylindrical furnace water heater, also little than traditional electrical heating boiled water implement power consumption, the automaticity height, need not the special messenger keeps an eye on, have simple and reasonablely, operating cost is low, the energy utilization rate height, the advantage of the little grade of circuit load responds the call of national energy-saving and emission-reduction.In addition, the evaporimeter in the utility model device also can be used as air-conditioning in summer cold is provided, and has further improved the energy saving of device.The utility model is applicable to big-and-middle-sized public building places such as station, hotel, school, has simple in structure, Environmental Safety, energy-conservation advantage such as reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of embodiment energy-saving multifunctional of the utility model boiler structural representation;
Fig. 2 is a kind of embodiment boiled water tank of the utility model structural representation;
Among the figure, 1, evaporimeter 2, compressor 3, condenser 4, choke valve 5, blower fan 6, entering water electromagnetic valve 7, reservoir 8, heating water tank 9, first condensate tank of dehumidifier 10, first steam vent 11, first electric heating tube 12, first temperature-sensing probe 13, magnetic valve 14, boiled water tank 15, second condensate tank of dehumidifier 16, attemperater 17, second electric heating tube 18, boiling water tap 19, second steam vent 20, Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger 21, warm water tap 22, blowoff valve 23, second temperature-sensing probe 24, boiling water treating apparatus 25, heat pump apparatus of air source.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
A kind of embodiment of the present utility model provides the structural representation of energy-saving multifunctional boiler, as shown in Figure 1.Comprise heat pump apparatus of air source 25 and boiling water treating apparatus 24, the two connects by condenser 3.Heat pump apparatus of air source 25 comprises evaporimeter 1, compressor 2, condenser 3, choke valve 4 and blower fan 5, wherein, evaporimeter 1 connects compressor 2, compressor 2 connects condenser 3, condenser 3 connects choke valve 4, choke valve 4 connects evaporimeters 1, and above-mentioned evaporimeter 1, compressor 2, condenser 3 and choke valve 4 are connected formation vapor compression heat pump closed circuit by pipeline.
Evaporimeter 1 in the heat pump apparatus of air source 25 is air-cooled evaporimeter, is positioned over indoor or is positioned over outdoor or places respectively indoor and outdoor, then two evaporimeters is connected in parallel; Evaporimeter absorbs heat during summer, provides cold as air-conditioning.
What the circulation cold-producing medium was set in the condenser 3 heats pipeline and cold water pipes.In the present embodiment, condenser 3 is water cooled condenser, can adopt bushing type, form such as board-like, has the function of running water being carried out preheating.
Boiling water treating apparatus 24 is made up of reservoir 7 and boiled water tank 14, and boiled water tank 14 is positioned at the top of reservoir 7, as shown in Figure 1.Heating water tank 8(is set in boiled water tank 14 is used for the heating boiling water) and attemperater 16(be used for storing boiling water), as shown in Figure 2.Heating water tank 8 is positioned at attemperater 16 tops, and the outlet of heating water tank 8 connects the entrance of attemperater 16 by magnetic valve 13.The cold water inlet of boiled water tank 14 is positioned at heating water tank top and is connected by the cooling water outlet of pipeline with reservoir 7, boiling water outlet on the attemperater 16 is provided with boiling water tap 18, and the warm water outlet of attemperater 16 is provided with blowoff valve 22 by the sewage draining exit that the warm water tap 21 that arranges on Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger 20 and the reservoir is connected attemperater 16; Be provided with first steam vent 10 on the top of heating water tank 8, be respectively equipped with second steam vent 19 on the top of attemperater 16.
In heating water tank 8, be provided with first condensate tank of dehumidifier 9, whether reach setting value for detection of the last water level in the heating water tank 8 and following water level, and then water inlet and the draining of control heating water tank 8.
In attemperater 16, be provided with second condensate tank of dehumidifier 15, whether reach setting value for detection of the last water level in the attemperater 16 and following water level, and then water inlet and the draining of control attemperater 16.
The sidewall of heating water tank 8 is provided with first temperature-sensing probe 12, whether reaches design temperature for detection of boiling water temperature in the heating water tank 8, and then controls the duty of first electric heating tube 11.
The sidewall of attemperater 16 is provided with second temperature-sensing probe 23, whether reaches design temperature for detection of boiling water temperature in the attemperater 16, and then controls the duty of second electric heating tube 17.
On the sidewall of heating water tank 8, also be provided with for first electric heating tube 11 that the water in the heating water tank 8 is heated.
On the sidewall of attemperater 16, also be provided with for second electric heating tube 17 that the water in the attemperater 16 is heated.
Described reservoir 7 is press-bearing water tank, and the boiling water branch road of attemperater 16 enters Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger 20 in the reservoir and carries out heat exchange with running water to be heated, is flowed out by warm water tap 21 then.
Embodiment 1:
The energy-saving multifunctional boiler course of work is as follows:
Evaporimeter 1 absorbs heat in the heat pump apparatus of air source 25 from the air of indoor and outdoor, can play the effect of air-conditioning in summer.Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter 1 absorbs heat and enters condenser 3 by the refrigerant gas that the effect of compressor 2 becomes HTHP.Running water flows into condensers 3 inner cold water pipelines by entering water electromagnetic valve 6 control, and the running water that the cold-producing medium of HTHP circulates in to cold water pipes in condenser 3 heats, and running water is sent into reservoir 7 after being preheating to uniform temperature after the heat exchange.Reservoir 7 is filled with the heating water tank 8 that hydraulic pressure is gone on boiled water tank 14 tops by the pressure of running water in the back, 8 times magnetic valves 13 of heating water tank are opened after by first electric heating tube 11 warm water being heated to boiling temperature, and the attemperater 16 that boiling water enters boiled water tank 14 bottoms stores.User's water intaking can be selected warm water tap 21 and boiling water tap 18 according to demand.Wherein 18 water outlets of boiling water tap are the direct boiling water that picks out from attemperater 16; 21 water outlets of warm water tap are the warm boiling water after the boiling water in the attemperater 16 is lowered the temperature through Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger 20 in the reservoir 7 and the warm water heat exchange in the reservoir 7.The setting of reservoir 7 had both realized heat recovery and utilization, satisfied people's instructions for use again.
Second condensate tank of dehumidifier 15 is housed in the attemperater 16, and water level does not reach when setting setting value down in detecting attemperater 16, opens entering water electromagnetic valve 6 and injects running water, starts heat pump apparatus of air source 25.First condensate tank of dehumidifier 9 is housed in the heating water tank 8, goes up water level and reach when setting value in detecting heating water tank 8, close entering water electromagnetic valve 6 and stop into water, heat pump apparatus of air source 25 quits work, and starts first electric heating tube 11.When first temperature-sensing probe 12 in the heating water tank 8 detects temperature in the heating water tank 8 and reaches setting value, then close first electric heating tube 11, open magnetic valve 13.When water level reaches setting value under first condensate tank of dehumidifier 9 detects in the heating water tank 8, close magnetic valve 13.Second condensate tank of dehumidifier 15 works on, and repeats above-mentioned action until till water level reaches setting value on the boiling water in the attemperater 16 that detects boiled water tank 14 bottoms, and first electric heating tube 11 quits work in the heating water tank 8 at this moment.Second temperature-sensing probe 23 is housed in the attemperater 16, the boiling water temperature is lower than under the design temperature in limited time in detecting attemperater 16, start the heating of the 17 pairs of water of second heating tube, to detect after the boiling water temperature reaches the design temperature upper limit in the attemperater 16 second heating tube 17 out of service when second temperature-sensing probe 23.
Embodiment 2:
When evaporimeter 1 is subjected to condition restriction in the winter time and can't absorbs heat from the external world, heat pump apparatus of air source 25 is out of service, have only 24 pairs of running water of boiling water treating apparatus to carry out electrical heating, namely the ruuning situation according to heat pump apparatus of air source 25 in this energy-saving multifunctional boiler is divided into summer operation pattern and winter operation pattern with device, the summer operation pattern is described complete operational process, be that embodiment 1 described heat pump apparatus of air source 25 is all worked with boiling water treating apparatus 24, the winter operation pattern is that heat pump apparatus of air source 25 is out of service among the embodiment 2, has only 24 work of boiling water treating apparatus.
Though more than described the specific embodiment of the present utility model, but the one skilled in the art is to be understood that, these only illustrate, and can make numerous variations or modification to these embodiments, and not deviate from principle of the present utility model and essence.Scope of the present utility model only has appended claims to limit.

Claims (6)

1. energy-saving multifunctional boiler, comprise heat pump apparatus of air source and boiling water treating apparatus, the two connects by condenser, wherein, heat pump apparatus of air source comprises compressor, condenser, choke valve and blower fan, it is characterized in that: described boiling water treating apparatus is made up of reservoir and boiled water tank, and described boiled water tank is positioned at the top of reservoir, heating water tank and attemperater are set in described boiled water tank, and described heating water tank is positioned at attemperater top; The cold water inlet of boiled water tank is connected with the cooling water outlet of reservoir by pipeline, and the outlet of boiling water on the attemperater is provided with the boiling water tap, and the warm water outlet of attemperater is connected by the warm water tap that arranges on Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger and the reservoir; The boiling water outlet of heating water tank connects the boiling water entrance of attemperater by magnetic valve; Sewage draining exit at described attemperater is provided with blowoff valve; Be respectively equipped with steam vent on the top of described heating water tank, the top of attemperater; Heat pump apparatus of air source also comprises evaporimeter, and described evaporimeter, compressor, condenser and choke valve are connected by pipeline, constitutes the vapor compression heat pump closed circuit.
2. energy-saving multifunctional boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with first condensate tank of dehumidifier on the top of described heating water tank.
3. energy-saving multifunctional boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with second condensate tank of dehumidifier on the top of described attemperater.
4. energy-saving multifunctional boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sidewall of described heating water tank is provided with first temperature-sensing probe; The sidewall of described attemperater is provided with second temperature-sensing probe.
5. energy-saving multifunctional boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with on the sidewall of described heating water tank for first electric heating tube that the water in the heating water tank is heated; On the sidewall of described attemperater, also be provided with for second electric heating tube that the water in the attemperater is heated.
6. energy-saving multifunctional boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described evaporimeter is air-cooled evaporimeter, is positioned over indoor or is positioned over outdoor or places respectively indoor and outdoor, then two evaporimeters is connected in parallel.
CN 201220604193 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Multifunctional energy-saving water boiler Expired - Fee Related CN203052990U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220604193 CN203052990U (en) 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Multifunctional energy-saving water boiler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220604193 CN203052990U (en) 2012-11-14 2012-11-14 Multifunctional energy-saving water boiler

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102937335A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-02-20 东北大学 Multi-function air source heat pump water boiler
CN103742999A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-04-23 青岛爱科新能源设备公司 Equipment capable of optimizing and adjusting air quality and having function of direct water drinking

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102937335A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-02-20 东北大学 Multi-function air source heat pump water boiler
CN103742999A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-04-23 青岛爱科新能源设备公司 Equipment capable of optimizing and adjusting air quality and having function of direct water drinking
CN103742999B (en) * 2014-01-23 2016-08-24 青岛爱科新能源设备公司 A kind of can optimizing regulation air quality there is the equipment of direct drinking function

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130710

Termination date: 20151114