CN203049833U - Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body - Google Patents

Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203049833U
CN203049833U CN2012206946155U CN201220694615U CN203049833U CN 203049833 U CN203049833 U CN 203049833U CN 2012206946155 U CN2012206946155 U CN 2012206946155U CN 201220694615 U CN201220694615 U CN 201220694615U CN 203049833 U CN203049833 U CN 203049833U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
wall body
immature soil
wooden
pin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012206946155U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪洪涛
周铁钢
张冰冰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Institute Of Building Standard Design & Research
Xian University of Architecture and Technology
Original Assignee
China Institute Of Building Standard Design & Research
Xian University of Architecture and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Institute Of Building Standard Design & Research, Xian University of Architecture and Technology filed Critical China Institute Of Building Standard Design & Research
Priority to CN2012206946155U priority Critical patent/CN203049833U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203049833U publication Critical patent/CN203049833U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a rural immature soil house with a reinforced outer wall body. The rural immature soil house with the reinforced outer wall body comprises the outer wall body, inner wall bodies connected with the outer wall body, and wooden ring beams, wherein the wooden ring beams are arranged on the top of the outer wall body and the tops of the inner wall bodies. Vertical grooves are respectively formed in the inner walls at four corners of the outer wall body. Vertical grooves are further formed in the inner walls of the outer wall body on two sides of junctions between the outer wall body and the inner wall bodies. The top portions of the vertical grooves reach the lower edges of the wooden ring beams. Wooden columns are respectively embedded and fixed in the vertical grooves. The bottom of each wooden column is fixed with the outer wall body into a whole. The top end of each wooden column is fixedly connected with the wooden ring beam on the upper portion of the outer wall body through clasp nails. The vertical grooves are formed in local parts of the outer wall body and the wooden columns are embedded in the vertical grooves so as to reinforce the immature soil wall body. The embedded wooden columns are reliably connected with the wooden ring beams on the top of the outer wall body to form effective support for a roof structure. Consequently, when an earthquake happens and the wall bodies are seriously damaged, the roof can not collapse. The rural immature soil house with the reinforced outer wall body can be popularized and applied in seismic reinforcement and reconstruction of existing immature soil houses in vast rural areas.

Description

The immature soil house, rural area that a kind of outer body of wall is reinforced
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building field, is specifically related to the immature soil house, rural area that a kind of outer body of wall is reinforced.
Background technology
According to the investigation in 2011 of house and town and country construction portion, the China's western region still has the rural households that surpass 5,000,000 families to live in the house of traditional immature soil structure at present, relates to population and surpasses 2,000 ten thousand people.The bearing wall in these houses generally adopts adobe masonry or manually rams earth rammer and build, and does not have pin or other seismic measuress within the walls, and security performance is relatively poor, will cause serious life and property loss in case medium and strong earthquake takes place.
At present, domestic having some achievements aspect the research of existing immature soil earthquake-resistant building reinforcing technique, for example immature soil body of wall (rammed earth wall or adobe wall) both sides are added reinforced mesh and use cement sand plaster, or grouting treatment etc. is carried out in the main crack that immature soil body of wall occurs.The subject matter of above way is construction trouble, and the engineering reinforcement maintenance cost is higher, and use is restricted, and causes the overwhelming majority still to have the meaning of use or can be pushed over reconstruction by the immature soil house of strengthening reconstruction, and the wasting of resources is bigger.A lot of immature soil house as ethnic minority live inconcentrated communities such as Xinjiang, Tibet, adopt wooden roof, at the body of wall top or girt, wood purlin draw the multicolour pattern that the national characters of being rich in are arranged, though it is attractive in appearance, but aspect safety, these houses adopt the load-bearing of immature soil body of wall, do not have seismic measuress such as constructional column within the walls, do not meet local requirements for fortification against earthquake.To these outstanding local local-style dwelling houses, optimal processing method is exactly by reinforcing wall, improves its quake-resistant safety performance, rather than simple the dismounting rebuild.
Summary of the invention
Defective at above-mentioned existing immature soil seismic performance of building difference, the purpose of this utility model is, the immature soil house, rural area that provides a kind of outer body of wall to reinforce, this house is buried pin underground after by differential trench open in the body of wall outside immature soil body of wall is reinforced, and utilize the pin of burying underground reliably to be connected with wall jack rafter collar tie beam, roof structure is formed effective support, even heavy damage appears in body of wall when reaching earthquake, and the effect that the roof can not cave in.The utility model can be promoted the use of in the existing immature soil earthquake-resistant building strengthening reconstruction of vast rural area.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts following technical solution:
The immature soil house, rural area that a kind of outer body of wall is reinforced, comprise outer body of wall and connected each interior body of wall, also comprise the girt that is arranged on outer body of wall and interior body of wall top, the inwall at four jiaos of places of body of wall has vertical slot outside described, outside described, also have vertical slot on the body of wall inwall outside the both sides of body of wall and interior body of wall junction, the top of described vertical slot arrives the lower edge of girt, the embedded intrinsic pin of each vertical slot; The bottom of described pin is fixed as one with outer body of wall; The top of pin is connected by dog with the girt on outer body of wall top.
The utility model also comprises following other technologies feature:
Described pin is prismatic, and vertical slot is square.
The thickness of described outer body of wall, interior body of wall is 300mm~500mm, and the cross section length of side of pin is 120mm~180mm, and the cross section length of side of vertical slot is greater than pin length of side 30mm.
Characteristics of the present utility model: belong to local stiffening, immature soil house wall original structure, wall decoration and normal the use are influenced not quite, and the stabilization works amount is little, easy construction, cheap.The utility model is applicable to the load-bearing of immature soil body of wall not have the safety configurations measure within the walls, but the better immature soil earthquake-resistant building reinforcing of (whole girt is arranged) of roof structure globality.
Effect of the present invention: through verification experimental verification, for rural area individual layer immature soil structural building, when house wall supporting capacity of the present utility model with set up pin before compare and increase more than 2 times.Can significantly improve the anti-ability of collapsing in house during big shake, when pin and pedosphere beam were connected by dog, individual layer immature soil house was unlikely to collapse when the earthquake of 6 grades of left and right sides of experience.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of cross section of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is for opening the schematic diagram of vertical slot on the outer body of wall.
Fig. 3 is the connection diagram of capital and the girt of pin.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is further explained.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3, the immature soil house, rural area that outer body of wall of the present utility model is reinforced, comprise that thickness is outer body of wall 1 and connected each interior body of wall 2 of 300mm~500mm, also comprise the girt 5 that is arranged on outer body of wall 1 and interior body of wall top, the girt 5 at outer body of wall 1 and interior body of wall top is fixing as a whole; Outer body of wall one week of 1 top is provided with girt 5, outer body of wall 1 inwall at four of body of wall 1 jiaos of places has vertical slot 4 outside described, outside described, also have vertical slot 4 on outer body of wall 1 inwall of the both sides of body of wall 1 and interior body of wall 2 junctions, the top of described vertical slot 4 arrives the lower edge of girt 5, in each vertical slot 4 pin 3 is arranged fixedly, it is the prism of 120mm~180mm that pin 3 adopts the cross section length of side, and the length of the every side of cross section of vertical slot 4 is greater than pin 3 length of side 30mm; The bottom of described pin 3 is condensed into one by cement mortar and outer body of wall 1; Pin 3 and outer body of wall 1 are bonded as one by mud; The top of pin 3 is connected by dog 6 with the girt 5 on outer body of wall 1 top.
The work progress that immature soil house, rural area is carried out outer body of wall reinforcing is as follows:
Step 1: snap the line on the first body of wall 1 outside, mark the position that will open vertical slot 4 and diveder post 3 on the exterior wall wall 1, can adopt the small portable cutting machine in cob wall, to open vertical slot 4.The cross section length of side of pin 5 is selected according to the actual conditions of immature soil body of wall and roof system: thicker when immature soil wall, when roof system is heavier, the cross section length of side is got higher value; When, roof system thinner when immature soil wall was light, the cross section length of side was got smaller value.
Step 2: pin 3 is embedded the vertical slot of opening on the outer body of wall 14, at two bricks of pin 3 bottoms tiling, with pin 3 upright good after, water cement mortar around will be at the bottom of the post, make it the fixed integral body that is.
Step 3: employing plasticity mud (or cob) is preferably filled out shutoff with the plug of the slit between pin 3 and the outer body of wall 1, should add 6%~8% 108 glue or the water glass that account for mud weight in the mud, can significantly improve the cementitiousness of mud and cob wall, pin 3 like this, stiff back intensity is higher.
Step 4: pin 3 tops reliably are connected with girt 5, capital is contacted with girt 5 closely, when pin 3 curtailments, headblock sheet 7 beyond the Great Wall between pin 3 and collar tie beam 5, and use two dogs 6 that pin 3 and girt 5 are fixed together.Preferably earlier bore aperture at pin 3, girt 5, follow closely dog 6 again, be difficult for making the timber splitting like this.
Step 5: metope is cleared up, and the local facing damage that construction causes is repaired.
(2) operating principle
Can the operative constraint immature soil body of wall when pin of setting up and cob wall cooperative bearing, little shake, stop or delay the appearance of wall body slit, directly improve immature soil body of wall supporting capacity; When the immature soil body of wall heavy damage or part occurred and collapses, pin can continue to bear the weight of roof system during big shake, and roof system is unlikely to cave in or moment caves in, to strive for running away the time of personnel's preciousness within doors.
Case history:
The inventor reinforced in immature soil house, rural area, field Xinjiang in July, 2010, and result of use is fine, and had withstood and occurred in Xinjiang on 08 12nd, 2012 in 6.2 grades of earthquakes tests of locality, field, and the house does not collapse.And the inventor tested by the building model simulated earthquake vibration stand in January, 2010, confirmed that the anti-seismic performance of this utility model improves greatly.Test is loaded on 8 degree earthquakes, is equivalent to actual 6.5 grades of earthquakes, and building model does not collapse.

Claims (3)

1. immature soil house, rural area that outer body of wall is reinforced, it is characterized in that, comprise outer body of wall (1) and connected each interior body of wall (2), also comprise the girt (5) that is arranged on outer body of wall (1) and interior body of wall (2) top, the inwall at (1) four jiao of place of body of wall has vertical slot (4) outside described, also have vertical slot (4) on body of wall (1) inwall outside the both sides of body of wall outside described (1) and interior body of wall (2) junction, the top of described vertical slot (4) arrives the lower edge of girt (5), the embedded intrinsic pin of each vertical slot (4) (3); The bottom of described pin (3) is fixed as one with outer body of wall (1); The top of pin (3) is connected by dog (6) with the girt (5) on outer body of wall (1) top.
2. the immature soil house, rural area of outer body of wall reinforcing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described pin (3) is prismatic, and vertical slot (4) is square.
3. the immature soil house, rural area that reinforces of outer body of wall as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described outer body of wall (1), interior body of wall (2) is 300mm~500mm, the cross section length of side of pin (3) is 120mm~180mm, and the cross section length of side of vertical slot (4) is greater than pin (3) length of side 30mm.
CN2012206946155U 2012-12-14 2012-12-14 Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body Expired - Fee Related CN203049833U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206946155U CN203049833U (en) 2012-12-14 2012-12-14 Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206946155U CN203049833U (en) 2012-12-14 2012-12-14 Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203049833U true CN203049833U (en) 2013-07-10

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ID=48732800

Family Applications (1)

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CN2012206946155U Expired - Fee Related CN203049833U (en) 2012-12-14 2012-12-14 Rural immature soil house with reinforced outer wall body

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104847035A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-19 西安建筑科技大学 Construction method of grooving reinforcement raw soil wall body
CN104947948A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-09-30 长安大学 Rammed earth wall reinforcing method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104847035A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-19 西安建筑科技大学 Construction method of grooving reinforcement raw soil wall body
CN104847035B (en) * 2015-04-21 2017-03-15 西安建筑科技大学 The construction method of raw-soil body of wall is reinforced in a kind of cutting
CN104947948A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-09-30 长安大学 Rammed earth wall reinforcing method
CN104947948B (en) * 2015-07-08 2016-08-24 长安大学 A kind of reinforcement means of rammed earth body of wall

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130710

Termination date: 20131214