CN203048676U - Horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland - Google Patents

Horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203048676U
CN203048676U CN2013200096217U CN201320009621U CN203048676U CN 203048676 U CN203048676 U CN 203048676U CN 2013200096217 U CN2013200096217 U CN 2013200096217U CN 201320009621 U CN201320009621 U CN 201320009621U CN 203048676 U CN203048676 U CN 203048676U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
district
water outlet
gravel
peat
water inlet
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CN2013200096217U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵晶
苗永刚
卢麟麟
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辽宁山水城市园林景观有限公司
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Priority to CN2013200096217U priority Critical patent/CN203048676U/en
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Publication of CN203048676U publication Critical patent/CN203048676U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of artificial wetlands and in particular relates to a horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland. The combined artificial wetland is of a strip-shaped groove bed structure and sequentially comprises a water inlet overflow weir, a water inlet filling area, a plant purifying area, a water outlet filling area, a water outlet overflow weir, a plant buffering area and a landscape area from left to right, wherein the water inlet filling area consists of a water inlet broken stone area and a water inlet gravel area in sequence from left to right; and the water outlet filling area consists of a water outlet gravel area and a water outlet broken stone area in sequence from left to right. The horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland can be used for purifying sewage, saving the sewage treatment cost, avoiding blockage in the running process, building a favorable landscape region and improving the living environment of people.

Description

A kind of horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetland
Technical field
The utility model relates to the artificial swamp technical field, specifically a kind of horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetland.
Background technology
Artificial swamp refers to that the antiseep water-resisting layer is laid on ground with manually building up pond or groove, the hypothallus of filling certain depth, and planting aquatic plants utilizes physics, chemistry, the biological triple synergies of matrix, plant, microorganism that sewage is purified.Be divided into surface current and underflow type artificial wet land, according to the drainage flow mode, underflow type artificial wet land is divided into horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land and vertical subsurface flow wetland again.The underflow type artificial wet land that present domestic construction is used has more existing water distributor, header blocking problem, cause wetland not run well, be used alone the artificial wetland purification effect of type not as composite type artificial wetland, hydraulic load is little, the plant collocation is single, ignore landscape effect when paying attention to decontamination effect improving, can not play the effect of beautifying the environment.
The utility model content
At above-mentioned weak point of the prior art, the utility model purpose is to provide a kind of horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetland.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts technical scheme to be:
A kind of horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetland, combined artificial wetland are band groove shape bed structure, are followed successively by into water overflow weir, water inlet packing area, plant purification district, water outlet packing area, water outlet overflow weir, plant buffer zone, view district from left to right;
The packing area that wherein intakes is made up of water inlet rubble district and water inlet gravel district from left to right successively; The water outlet packing area is made up of water outlet gravel district and water outlet rubble district from left to right successively.
Adopt building stones to fill respectively in described water inlet overflow weir and the water outlet overflow weir.
Fill the rubble of particle diameter 8-10mm in described water inlet rubble district and the water outlet rubble district respectively.
Fill the gravel of particle diameter 5-8mm in described water inlet gravel district and the water outlet gravel district respectively.
Described plant purification district lays hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top successively; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described plant buffer zone is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described view district is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Each layer thickness ratio is according to 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described hypothallus is the rubble of particle diameter 8-10mm; The gravel of gravel bed particle diameter 5-8mm; Quartz sand is the quartz sand of particle diameter 2.5mm.
The waterplant of planting on the described plant purification district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described plant buffer zone peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described view district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in Spiked Loosestrife, Canna generalis Bailey, lotus, water lily, the common calla.
Described bed body bottom applies the artificial swamp waterproof layer, and wherein waterproof layer is the polyurethane water-proof paint layer.
Adopt building stones to fill respectively in described water inlet overflow weir and the water outlet overflow weir, and with lead wire net it is shrouded that its building stones are gathered is fixing.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1. the utility model adopts the mode water distribution of overflow weir and catchments, and has avoided the blockage problem of using water distributor and header to cause;
2. the utility model partly uses the good waterplant of landscape effect at horizontal-flow wetland, pays attention to building landscape effect, beautifies people's living environment;
3. the utility model adopts horizontal drowned flow-surface current composite constructed wetland system, and is better than single artificial swamp decontamination effect improving.
Description of drawings
The combined artificial wetland side-view that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model;
Wherein, 1 is the artificial swamp waterproof layer, and 2 are the water inlet overflow weir, and 3 are water inlet rubble district, and 4 are water inlet gravel district, and 5 are the plant purification district, and 6 are water outlet gravel district, and 7 are water outlet rubble district, and 8 are the water outlet overflow weir, and 9 is the plant buffer zone, and 10 is the view district.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in further detail.
Combined artificial wetland is band groove shape bed structure as shown in Figure 1, and bed body bottom applies the artificial swamp waterproof layer, and wherein waterproof layer is the polyurethane water-proof paint layer.A sewage body of flowing through after through pre-treatments such as oxidation pond or settling tanks, a bed body is followed successively by into water overflow weir, water inlet packing area, plant purification district, water outlet packing area, water outlet overflow weir, plant buffer zone, view district from left to right;
The packing area that wherein intakes is made up of water inlet rubble district and water inlet gravel district from left to right successively; The water outlet packing area is made up of water outlet gravel district and water outlet rubble district from left to right successively.
Adopt building stones to fill respectively in described water inlet overflow weir and the water outlet overflow weir.
Wherein, water inlet overflow weir 2, water inlet rubble district 3, water inlet gravel district 4, plant purification district 5, water outlet gravel district 6, water outlet rubble district 7, water outlet overflow weir 8 are formed the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land system; Plant buffer zone 9 plays the effect of buffering current, makes current steadily flow into view district 10, enters plant buffer zone 9 and view district 10 composition surface current artificial wetland parts.
Fill the rubble of particle diameter 8-10mm in described water inlet rubble district and the water outlet rubble district respectively.
Fill the gravel of particle diameter 5-8mm in described water inlet gravel district and the water outlet gravel district respectively.
Described plant purification district lays hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top successively; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described plant buffer zone is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described view district is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Wherein, between matter layer, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer between each layer thickness than for 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
Described hypothallus is the rubble of particle diameter 8-10mm; The gravel of gravel bed particle diameter 5-8mm; Quartz sand layer is the quartz sand of particle diameter 2.5mm.
The waterplant of planting on the described plant purification district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described plant buffer zone peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described view district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in Spiked Loosestrife, Canna generalis Bailey, lotus, water lily, the common calla.
In the actual use of the utility model, according to the wetland of from the front end to the end, building shown in Figure 1, current are from the front end whole wet land system of flowing through, successively by horizontal drowned flow and surface current artificial wetland system, decontamination effect improving to sewage is better, horizontal drowned flow partly replaces water distributor and header with water inlet overflow weir 2 and water outlet overflow weir 8, avoided because the technical problem that the water pipe blockage problem causes wetland not run well, and partly form good landscape effect at the surface current wetland, build the wetland park effect, beautify the environment, provide the place of playing with view to people when purifying water.

Claims (9)

1. horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: combined artificial wetland is band groove shape bed structure, is followed successively by into water overflow weir, water inlet packing area, plant purification district, water outlet packing area, water outlet overflow weir, plant buffer zone, view district from left to right;
The packing area that wherein intakes is made up of water inlet rubble district and water inlet gravel district from left to right successively; The water outlet packing area is made up of water outlet gravel district and water outlet rubble district from left to right successively.
2. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: adopt building stones to fill respectively in described water inlet overflow weir and the water outlet overflow weir.
3. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: the rubble of filling particle diameter 8-10mm in described water inlet rubble district and the water outlet rubble district respectively.
4. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: the gravel of filling particle diameter 5-8mm in described water inlet gravel district and the water outlet gravel district respectively.
5. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: described plant purification district lays hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top successively; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
6. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: described plant buffer zone is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Each layer thickness ratio is according to 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
7. by the described horizontal drowned flow of claim 1-surface current combined artificial wetland, it is characterized in that: described view district is followed successively by hypothallus, gravel bed, quartz sand layer, peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer from the bottom to top; Each layer thickness ratio is according to 1:2:1:2; Planting aquatic plants on the peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer.
8. by claim 5,6 or 7 described horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetlands, it is characterized in that: described hypothallus is the rubble of particle diameter 8-10mm; Gravel bed is the gravel of particle diameter 5-8mm; Quartz sand layer is the quartz sand of particle diameter 2.5mm.
9. by claim 5,6 or 7 described horizontal drowned flow-surface current combined artificial wetlands, it is characterized in that: the waterplant of planting on the described plant purification district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described plant buffer zone peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in reed, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, the papyrus;
The waterplant of planting on the described view district peat composed of rotten mosses soil layer is one or more in Spiked Loosestrife, Canna generalis Bailey, lotus, water lily, the common calla.
CN2013200096217U 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland CN203048676U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103508639A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-15 东华大学 Pond bottom coupling composite type constructed wetland water purification system with small occupied area
CN104129857A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 青海省环境科学研究设计院 High-cold region reclaimed water deep-purification constructed wetland system
CN111943432A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 湖南艾布鲁环保科技股份有限公司 Lake or reservoir drinking water source pollution prevention and control system and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103508639A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-15 东华大学 Pond bottom coupling composite type constructed wetland water purification system with small occupied area
CN104129857A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 青海省环境科学研究设计院 High-cold region reclaimed water deep-purification constructed wetland system
CN111943432A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 湖南艾布鲁环保科技股份有限公司 Lake or reservoir drinking water source pollution prevention and control system and method

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PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland

Effective date of registration: 20151208

Granted publication date: 20130710

Pledgee: Sino Hong joint financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: City with hills and waters, Liaoning garden landscape Co., Ltd

Registration number: 2015990001092

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Address after: 110179 Liaoning city of Shenyang Province Hunnan New Century Road No. 5-2 with Century Towers, B block 18 layer 1804

Patentee after: Liaoning prone Forest City Construction Engineering Company Limited

Address before: 110179 Liaoning city of Shenyang Province Hunnan New Century Road No. 5-2 with Century Towers, B block 18 layer 1804

Patentee before: City with hills and waters, Liaoning garden landscape Co., Ltd

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Change date: 20170802

Registration number: 2015990001092

Pledgor after: Liaoning prone Forest City Construction Engineering Company Limited

Pledgor before: City with hills and waters, Liaoning garden landscape Co., Ltd

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20170802

Granted publication date: 20130710

Pledgee: Sino Hong joint financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Liaoning prone Forest City Construction Engineering Company Limited

Registration number: 2015990001092

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
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Denomination of utility model: Horizontal subsurface flow-surface flow combined artificial wetland

Effective date of registration: 20170824

Granted publication date: 20130710

Pledgee: Sino Hong joint financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Liaoning prone Forest City Construction Engineering Company Limited

Registration number: 2017990000791

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Granted publication date: 20130710

Pledgee: Sino Hong joint financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: Liaoning prone Forest City Construction Engineering Company Limited

Registration number: 2017990000791

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right