CN203038549U - Endoscopic surgery operation training device - Google Patents

Endoscopic surgery operation training device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203038549U
CN203038549U CN 201220726732 CN201220726732U CN203038549U CN 203038549 U CN203038549 U CN 203038549U CN 201220726732 CN201220726732 CN 201220726732 CN 201220726732 U CN201220726732 U CN 201220726732U CN 203038549 U CN203038549 U CN 203038549U
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China
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operation
endoscopic surgery
operation box
monitor
camera
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CN 201220726732
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Chinese (zh)
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李庚�
夏慧琳
史强
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内蒙古自治区人民医院医学工程处
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an endoscopic surgery operation training device which comprises a monitor (2), a trolley (1) and an operation box (3). The trolley (1) is divided into an upper layer, a middle layer and a lower layer. The operation box (3) is placed on the middle layer. The monitor (2) is placed on the upper layer. The operation box (3) simulates an abdominal cavity under an artificial pneumoperitoneum state. A camera (4), instrument jacks (5), and two zoom adjustment buttons (6) which are used for controlling the camera to zoom are arranged on the operation box (3). A movable support (7) is arranged in the operation box (3), wherein plug-ins which simulate different organs and different technical actions are placed on the movable support (7). The endoscopic surgery operation training device is deployed in a hospital, can carry out training at any time, can simulate a single-hole, double-hole or triple-hole endoscopic surgery, and can help a doctor to practice separation, bleeding stopping, anastomosis, clamping, ligation, suturing and other basic actions in the endoscopic surgery, so that the doctor can quickly grasp the basic operations of the endoscopic surgery.

Description

一种腔镜手术操作训练器 One kind of endoscopic surgical procedures trainer

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种腔镜手术操作训练器,属于手术操作教学训练设备领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to an endoscopic surgical operation training, teaching and training the art belonging to the operator device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 微创手术的出现及在医学领域的广泛应用至今已有二十余年。 [0002] The emergence of minimally invasive surgery and is widely used in the medical field has been more than twenty years. 1987年法国医生Mouret进行的第一例微创手术标志着新的医学里程碑的诞生。 The first cases of minimally invasive surgery 1987, French doctors performed Mouret marks the birth of new medical milestone. 微创手术具有创伤小、疼痛轻、恢复快的优越性。 Minimally invasive surgery is less invasive, less pain, quick recovery superiority. 越来越多的医生开始开展微创手术,但仅凭实际手术积累的经验是很不够的,特别是初学者。 More and more doctors began to carry out minimally invasive surgery, but the surgery actually accumulated experience alone is not enough, especially beginners. 目前国内腔镜培训没有统一模式,一般都由腔镜器械厂家提供定期集中培训,此种培训方式有路途远,成本高,时间不灵活等缺点。 At present there is no uniform model endoscopic training, generally by endoscopic instrument manufacturers to provide intensive training on a regular basis, such training methods are far away from high-cost, inflexible time and other shortcomings. 所以,急需一种成本低,操作直观,在院内即可完成腔镜操作训练的装置。 Therefore, the need for a low cost, intuitive operation, mirror means to complete the training operation in the hospital.

[0003] 中国实用新型专利200420057838.6,其主要结构是一个盒体,盒体表面设有戳孔,受训者站在盒体前面,手持腔镜手术器械,从戳孔插入盒体内进行操作训练。 [0003] Chinese utility model patent 200420057838.6, which the main structure is a cartridge, the cartridge is provided with a surface puncture, the trainees stand in front of the cartridge, a handheld endoscopic surgical instrument, is inserted into the cartridge body through a puncture operation training. 动作画面由设置在盒体内的摄像头拍摄并在监视器上显示。 Motion picture captured by a camera provided inside the box and displayed on a monitor. 但是存在以下缺陷: However, the following shortcomings:

[0004] 1、实际的腔镜手术的视野是有一定限制的,从监视器看到的画面仅局限于手术部位,而该训练台摄像头在盒体内部,摄像头视野无法模拟实际中受限情况,这样就削弱了培训效果。 [0004] 1, the field of view of the actual laparoscopic surgery there is a certain limit, seen from the monitor screen is limited to a surgical site, and the training station camera inside the cassette body, the head can not simulate the actual imaging field in limited circumstances , thus weakening the effectiveness of training.

[0005] 2、该训练台监视器与盒体采用分离式设计,摄像头与监视器之间的线缆暴露在外部,实际使用起来有一定的不便。 [0005] 2, the training cartridge body monitors discrete design, the cable between the camera and the monitor is exposed to the outside, the actual use have some inconvenience.

[0006] 3、该训练台没有装配可移动结构,在实际使用中有一定的不便。 [0006] 3, the train station is not equipped with a movable structure, a certain inconvenience in practical use.

[0007] 中国实用新型专利201020546616.6,主要结构是由担架平台和橡胶人体模型两部分组成,橡胶人体模型表面设有戳孔,内部放置仿真器官,受训者站在平台旁边,手持腔镜手术器械,从戳孔插入盒体内进行操作训练。 [0007] Chinese utility model patent 201020546616.6, the main structure consists of two parts and internet stretcher rubber composition of the human body model, the human body model is provided with a rubber surface puncture, placed inside an organ simulation trainee standing next to the platform, a handheld endoscopic surgical instrument, inserted into the cartridge body through a puncture operation training. 但是存在以下缺陷: However, the following shortcomings:

[0008] 1、该训练台没有配备摄像头与监视器,而实际的腔镜手术医生均是通过观察由摄像头拍摄传输至显示器的图像来进行手术,该训练方式在观察操作过程方面与实际相差甚远。 [0008] 1, the training station is no camera and monitor equipment, the actual endoscopic surgeon are image transmission to the display captured by the camera by observing the surgery, the training mode during observation operation to the actual difference even far.

[0009] 2、该训练台采用担架式平台,在实际使用中存在占用空间大,不便移动的缺陷。 [0009] 2, the train station to use a stretcher platform, there is a large space in actual use, the inconvenience of moving defects. 实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本实用新型的目的是克服上述技术缺陷,提供一种模拟效果好、操作简便、方便布置的腔镜手术操作训练器。 [0010] The object of the present invention is to overcome the above technical defects, there is provided an analog effective, simple, convenient arrangement endoscopic surgical procedure exerciser.

[0011] 本实用新型技术方案如下: [0011] The technical solution of the present invention are as follows:

[0012] 一种腔镜手术操作训练器,包括监视器(2)、台车(I)、操作箱(3),台车(I)分为上、中、下三层,中层放置操作箱(3),上层放置监视器(2);操作箱(3)模拟人工气腹状态下的腹腔,操作箱(3)上设有摄像机(4)、器械插孔(5)、两个用于控制摄像机变焦的变焦调节按钮¢),其内部设置放置模拟不同脏器和模拟不同技术动作的插件的活动支架(7) [0012] An endoscopic surgical operation training comprising a monitor (2), the trolley (I), the operation box (3), the trolley (I) is divided into upper, middle and lower-middle placement operation box (3), placing an upper monitor (2); the abdominal cavity under operation box (3) simulation of artificial pneumoperitoneum, with the camera (4), the instrument socket (5), for the two operating tank (3) control zoom camera zoom adjustment button ¢), inside which is placed to simulate different organs and different technologies analog operation movable support plug (7)

[0013] 本腔镜手术操作训练器部署在医院内部,可随时进行训练,可模拟单孔、双孔或三孔腔镜手术,能够帮助医生练习腔镜手术中的分离、止血、吻合、钳夹、结扎、缝合等基本动作,使医生能够快速掌握腔镜手术的基本操作。 [0013] The present endoscopic surgical operation training is deployed inside the hospital, ready for training, simulation can be single, double or three-hole laparoscopic surgery, doctors can help separate exercise endoscopic surgery, bleeding, fit, clamp clip, ligation, suturing and other basic movements, allowing physicians to quickly master the basic operation of endoscopic surgery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1为本实用新型腔镜手术操作训练器结构示意图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a schematic structure of a new trainer present practical endoscopic surgical procedures;

[0015] 图2为操作箱结构示意图; [0015] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the operation box structure;

[0016] I台车,2监视器,3操作箱,4摄像机,5器械插孔,6变焦调节按钮,7活动支架,8电源盒; [0016] I vehicle, the monitor 2, control box 3, a camera 4, 5 the instrument jack, a zoom adjustment button 6, the movable support 7, the power supply box 8;

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 以下结合具体实施例,对本实用新型进行详细说明。 [0017] The following embodiments with reference to specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.

[0018] 参考图1和图2,腔镜手术操作训练器包括监视器2、台车1、操作箱3,台车I用铝合金型材制成,分为上、中、下三层,下层放置器械、耗材等物,中层放置操作箱3,上层放置监视器2。 [0018] Referring to Figures 1 and 2, endoscopic surgical operation training comprising a monitor 2, the carriage 1, an operation box 3, the carriage made of aluminum extrusions I, is divided into upper, middle and lower three layers, the lower layer placing equipment, supplies and other objects, the middle control box 3 is placed, the monitor is placed the upper layer 2. 操作箱3由钢板压制成形。 Operating box 3 formed of a steel plate press. 监视器2采用带视频信号输入接口的专业彩色监视器。 2 a professional monitor color monitor with a video signal input interface.

[0019] 台车I放置操作箱、监视器及其它器械、耗材,并配有万向轮,方便移动。 [0019] I vehicle operation box is placed, the monitor and other instruments, supplies, and is equipped with casters for easy mobility. 监视器2接收并显示摄像机拍摄下来的实时画面;操作箱3模拟人工气腹状态下的腹腔,操作箱3上设有摄像机4、器械插孔5、两个用于控制摄像机变焦的变焦调节按钮6,其内部设置放置模拟不同脏器和模拟不同技术动作的插件的活动支架7。 The monitor 2 receives and displays real-time images captured by the camera down; the abdominal cavity box 3 analog operating state of pneumoperitoneum, with the camera 4, the instrument jack 5, two for controlling the zoom camera zoom adjustment button on the control box 3 6, which is disposed inside the organ and are placed under simulated operation simulate different technologies movable support 7 of the plug. 摄像机4具有输出高分辨率视频信号的能力,并且可以变焦以及自动对焦。 Camera 4 has the ability to output a high resolution video signal, and can zoom and auto focus. 摄像机安装在操作箱3上的固定架上,和固定架用螺栓固定,可以按需要上下滑动,到合适位置后用螺栓锁紧。 A camera mounted on the holder 3 on the operation box, and the rear bracket is bolted, can slide up and down as required, to place the locking bolt. 器械插孔5模拟腔镜手术在腹部的开孔,通过插孔可插入各种操作器械,用于训练操作。 Analog instrument insertion hole 5 in the opening abdominal laparoscopic surgery, various operations may be inserted through the insertion hole instrument for the training operation.

[0020] 变焦调节按钮6可按动按钮来调节焦距,改变放大倍数,调整摄取图像的大小,满足训练要求。 [0020] The zoom adjustment button push button 6 can adjust the focus, magnification change, resize the captured image, to meet the training requirements. 活动支架7放置训练用的各种插件,并可按需要调整倾斜角度。 Training movable support 7 is placed with various plug-ins, and the inclination angle can be adjusted. 电源盒8内部装有相关电器元件,为各部分提供所需的不同电流。 8 associated with the internal electrical components of the power pack, the current required to provide different portions.

[0021] 操作方法 [0021] Operation

[0022] 1、开启监视器2电源,使监视器2处于工作状态。 [0022] 1, 2 turn the power monitor, the monitor 2 is in working condition. 打开训练箱3背面的电源开关,使训练箱3处于工作状态,此时监视器2即可显示摄像机4拍摄到的画面。 Turn the power switch on the back of the training tank 3 the training box 3 is in operation, the picture photographed by the camera case 4 to the monitor 2 displays.

[0023] 2、按训练要求在箱内活动支架7上放置训练科目要求的插件。 [0023] 2, by placing the training requirements widget training courses on the inside of the movable support 7.

[0024] 3、按动变焦调节按钮6,调整视野大小。 [0024] 3, 6 pressing the zoom adjustment button to adjust the size of the field of view.

[0025] 4、选择合适的器械插孔5插入器械,进入操作训练。 [0025] 4, to select the appropriate instrument inserted into the instrument insertion hole 5, into the training operation.

[0026] 5、训练结束后,分别关闭监视器2的电源以及训练箱3的电源。 [0026] 5, after training, the training and the power box were turned off the monitor 2 power supply 3.

[0027] 应当理解的是,对本领域普通技术人员来说,可以根据上述说明加以改进或变换,而所有这些改进和变换都应属于本实用新型所附权利要求的保护范围。 [0027] It should be understood that those of ordinary skill in the art, can be modified or converted according to the above description, and all such modifications and variations shall fall into the scope of the present invention as claimed in the appended claims.

Claims (1)

1.一种腔镜手术操作训练器,其特征在于,包括监视器(2)、台车(I)、操作箱(3),台车(I)分为上、中、下三层,中层放置操作箱(3),上层放置监视器(2);操作箱(3)模拟人工气腹状态下的腹腔,操作箱(3)上设有摄像机(4)、器械插孔(5)、两个用于控制摄像机变焦的变焦调节按钮¢),其内部设置放置模拟不同脏器和模拟不同技术动作的插件的活动支架7。 An endoscopic surgical operation training, characterized in that it comprises a monitor (2), the trolley (I), the operation box (3), the trolley (I) is divided into upper, middle and lower-middle drop operation box (3), placing an upper monitor (2); the abdominal cavity under operation box (3) simulation of artificial pneumoperitoneum, with the control box (3) a camera (4), the instrument socket (5), two an activity for controlling the zoom camera zoom adjustment button ¢), inside which is placed to simulate different organs and different technologies simulate the operation of the plug holder 7.
CN 201220726732 2012-12-12 2012-12-12 Endoscopic surgery operation training device CN203038549U (en)

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CN104424838A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 王尧 Hysteroscopic surgery simulator
US9449532B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2016-09-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hernia model
US9472121B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-10-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Portable laparoscopic trainer
US9548002B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2017-01-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
US9898937B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2018-02-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US9922579B2 (en) 2013-06-18 2018-03-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Gallbladder model
US9940849B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2018-04-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced surgical simulation constructions and methods
US9959786B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-05-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US10081727B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-09-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Synthetic tissue structures for electrosurgical training and simulation
US10121391B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-11-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US10198965B2 (en) 2012-08-03 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated stapling and energy based ligation for surgical training
US10198966B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced first entry model for surgical simulation
US10223936B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2019-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hysterectomy model
US10332425B2 (en) 2015-07-16 2019-06-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated dissectible tissue
US10354556B2 (en) 2015-02-19 2019-07-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated tissue structures and methods
US10395559B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2019-08-27 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for transluminal laparoscopic procedures

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US9472121B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-10-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Portable laparoscopic trainer
US10198965B2 (en) 2012-08-03 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated stapling and energy based ligation for surgical training
US10121391B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-11-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US9959786B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-05-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US10395559B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2019-08-27 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for transluminal laparoscopic procedures
US9898937B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2018-02-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US9940849B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2018-04-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced surgical simulation constructions and methods
US9449532B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2016-09-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hernia model
US10140889B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2018-11-27 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hernia model
US9922579B2 (en) 2013-06-18 2018-03-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Gallbladder model
US10026337B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2018-07-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
US9548002B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2017-01-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
US10198966B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced first entry model for surgical simulation
CN104424838A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 王尧 Hysteroscopic surgery simulator
US10354556B2 (en) 2015-02-19 2019-07-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated tissue structures and methods
US10081727B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-09-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Synthetic tissue structures for electrosurgical training and simulation
US10223936B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2019-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hysterectomy model
US10332425B2 (en) 2015-07-16 2019-06-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated dissectible tissue

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