CN203034434U - Remote intelligent monitoring three-dimensional digital comprehensive early warning system for stability of deep foundation pit - Google Patents

Remote intelligent monitoring three-dimensional digital comprehensive early warning system for stability of deep foundation pit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203034434U
CN203034434U CN 201320010052 CN201320010052U CN203034434U CN 203034434 U CN203034434 U CN 203034434U CN 201320010052 CN201320010052 CN 201320010052 CN 201320010052 U CN201320010052 U CN 201320010052U CN 203034434 U CN203034434 U CN 203034434U
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China
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deep foundation
serial connection
several
foundation ditch
early warning
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CN 201320010052
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Chinese (zh)
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唐述林
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China Railway 21st Bureau Group Co Ltd
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China Railway 21st Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

A remote intelligent monitoring three-dimensional digital comprehensive early warning system for stability of a deep foundation pit comprises a clinometer, a plurality of pressure cells, axial force gauges, static level gauges, pore water pressure gauges, an audible and visual alarm, an automated data acquisition instrument, a GPRS (general packet radio service) static data acquisition instrument, a communication transmitting base station, a commercial satellite, a communication receiving base station, an internet and a remote computer, wherein the audible and visual alarm, the automated data acquisition instrument, the GPRS static data acquisition instrument, the communication transmitting base station, the commercial satellite, the communication receiving base station, the internet and the remote computer are sequentially connected, and the clinometer, the pressure cells, the axial force gauges, the static level gauges and the pore water pressure gauges are connected with the audible and visual alarm in a wired manner. Based on physical and mechanics parameters of soil-rock mass of the deep foundation pit and FLAC3D (fast Lagrangian analysis of continua in 3 dimensions) technology, a three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model for excavation stability of the deep foundation pit in a construction area is established, and a three-dimensional visual security early warning platform for the deep foundation pit is built based on VTK (visualization toolkit) commercial software system. Data of horizontal displacement and the like of a deep foundation pit slope crest and a guard post are acquired by the clinometer and the like and transmitted to the remote computer of a user, and short message grading early warning and site audible and visual grading alarm are simultaneously given for parameters exceeding warning level.

Description

Deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System
Technical field
The utility model belongs to relevant deep foundation pit construction field of engineering technology such as city underground station, highrise building foundation dredging, is used for deep foundation ditch stability intellectual monitoring and safe early warning; Be specifically related to that deep foundation ditch is stressed, distortion and mechanical stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System.
Background technology
Expansion along with building sizes such as city underground, super highrise buildings, it is more and more to be accompanied by the deep foundation pit construction item, deep foundation ditch unstability, the prominent mud accident of gushing water take place frequently, the more and more people's attention that cause of deep foundation ditch stability, industry Base hole supporting technology rules have certain limitation when running into special hydrology Geological Engineering geological conditions and intensive buildings environment.Consider the principle of safety economy, the long-distance intelligent monitoring of exploitation deep foundation ditch stability and 3-dimensional digital comprehensive pre-warning method have very important and practical meanings.
Still few aspect the long-distance intelligent monitoring of deep foundation ditch stability and the research of 3-dimensional digital comprehensive pre-warning method both at home and abroad, according to domestic literature, existing structure database, the early warning of constructing tunnel multiple information and safety management in China's only a few highway, mineral products, seabed tunnel, the railway engineering.But so far, do not see that as yet the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of depth of field excavation of foundation pit stability and deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform are in the deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring of one and the bibliographical information of 3-dimensional digital comprehensive pre-warning method.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System.Use this system, can real-time continuous sedimentation, the horizontal movement of top, monitoring deep foundation ditch slope and fender post, and real-time continuous is monitored fender post week lateral earth pressure, i iron axial force of the supports, the situation of change of while top, continuous detecting foundation ditch slope and all soil pore water pressure power of fender post etc., and the measured data real-time continuous is transferred to remote monitoring and data processing host, according to real-time monitored data, finish deep foundation ditch stability grading forewarning system.
It is as follows that the utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme of taking: a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System comprises several inclinometers, a plurality of pressure cell, a plurality of power meters, several hydrostatic levels and several pore pressure gauges; It is characterized in that: also comprise a plurality of pressure cells and a plurality of power meters, also comprise the audible-visual annunciator, automatic data collection instrument, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, communications transmit base station, commercial satellite, communications reception base station, internet and the remote computer that connect successively; Inclinometer, pressure cell, axle power meter, hydrostatic level, pore pressure gauge and audible-visual annunciator wired connection, audible-visual annunciator and automatic data collection instrument wired connection, automatic data collection instrument other end wireless connections GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, the communications transmit base station, commercial satellite, between communications reception base station and the internet successively the wireless signal communication be connected, the internet is connected with remote computer, remote computer is connected with the F2003GSMDTU SMS module, and the F2003GSMDTU SMS module is connected with several mobile phone wireless signal and communications.
During application, axially namely support vertical direction with i iron along deep foundation ditch some sections are set, in fender post surface or fender post, lay an inclinometer according to each fixed interval of the deep foundation pit fender post degree of depth on each section, each section is installed a plurality of pressure cells and a plurality of pore pressure gauge along the fender post surface, a hydrostatic level is installed on each top, section deep foundation ditch slope, each section arranges several inclinometers and several interstitial hydraulic pressure meters to the position suitable with the hat beam depth below top, deep foundation ditch slope, each section hat beam upper surface is installed a hydrostatic level; I iron supports two ends installation shaft power meter; The hydrostatic level reference point is installed in the outer settlement stability point relatively of deep foundation ditch.
The utility model provides a kind of long-distance intelligent monitoring of deep foundation ditch stability and 3-dimensional digital early warning technology based on inclinometer, pressure cell, axle power meter, hydrostatic level and pore pressure gauge, and the utility model carries out system, comprehensive, omnibearing monitoring to deep foundation ditch stability.The utility model is based on deep foundation ditch ground body physical and mechanical parameter, deep foundation ditch Regional Hydrologic Geological Engineering geological conditions and continuous media fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3DTechnology is set up the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of construction area deep pit digging stability; And set up deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform based on VTK business software system.Gather the horizontal movement of top, deep foundation ditch slope and fender post by inclinometer; Gather the sedimentation of top, foundation ditch slope and fender post by hydrostatic level; Do not gather all earth lateral pressures of fender post and i iron axial force of the supports by pressure cell and the score of axle power; Gathering the deep foundation ditch slope by pore pressure gauge pushes up to real-time monitored data such as fender post bottom outlet crack water pressure variations, and real-time monitored data is transferred to subscriber computer, the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of computer deep pit digging stability calls these data, and utilize the initial array data that obtains to finish self-parameter correction and provide each parameter model threshold value, the model follow-up actual measurement series data that will obtain carries out comprehensively stressed afterwards, deformation analysis, compare with the model parameter threshold value again, represented and super warning parameter is carried out the classification safe early warning by deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform; The SMS module of all early warning information by being connected with remote computer is sent to related personnel's mobile phone with mobile phone short messages; Simultaneously, early warning information passes back to by visual safe early warning platform also that the audible-visual annunciator that is installed in the job site scope of operation carries out sound, light is reported to the police; Thereby finish deep foundation ditch stability scene and long-range 3-dimensional digital safe early warning, the related personnel is in time taken preventive measures according to early warning information, improve the deep foundation pit construction personal security.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the skiagraph of the inclinometer that is arranged in deep foundation ditch, pressure cell, axle power meter, hydrostatic level, pore pressure gauge and audible-visual annunciator,
Fig. 2 is inclinometer, pressure cell, axle power meter, hydrostatic level, pore water pressure, audible-visual annunciator and automatic data collection instrument, the GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument floor map that is arranged in deep foundation ditch,
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of structure of the present utility model, data acquisition transmission and data passback.
Among the figure: 1-inclinometer, 2-automatic data collection instrument, 3-GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, 4-hydrostatic level, 5-fender post, top, 6-deep foundation ditch slope, 7-i iron supports, 8-Guan Liang, 9-foundation ditch bottom surface, 10-commercial satellite, 11-communications transmit base station, 12-internet, 13-remote computer, also claim remote monitoring and data processing host, 14-F2003GSMDTU SMS module, 15-mobile phone, 16-communications reception base station, 17-audible-visual annunciator, 18-pore pressure gauge.19-pressure cell, 20-axle power meter.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3: a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System comprises several inclinometers 1, several hydrostatic levels 4, a plurality of pressure cell 19, a plurality of power meters 20 and several pore pressure gauges 18; Also comprise the audible-visual annunciator 17, automatic data collection instrument 2, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, communications transmit base station 11, commercial satellite 10, communications reception base station 16, internet 12 and the remote computer 13 that connect successively; Inclinometer 1, hydrostatic level 4, pressure cell 19, axle power meter 20, pore pressure gauge 18 and audible-visual annunciator 17 wired connections, audible-visual annunciator 17 and automatic data collection instrument 2 wired connections, automatic data collection instrument 2 other end wireless connections GPRS static data Acquisition Instruments 3, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, communications transmit base station 11, commercial satellite 10, between communications reception base station 16 and the internet 12 successively the wireless signal communication be connected, internet 12 is connected with remote computer 13, remote computer 13 is connected with F2003GSMDTU SMS module 14, and F2003GSMDTU SMS module 14 is connected with several mobile phone 15 wireless signal communications.Audible-visual annunciator 17 adopts the tower LED audible-visual annunciator of ADS-R3 serial ports, is provided by the Ai Desi of Shenzhen Science and Technology Ltd..
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2: deep foundation ditch comprises top 6, deep foundation ditch slope and foundation ditch bottom surface 9.Below top, deep foundation ditch slope 6, to the position suitable with hat beam 8 degree of depth several inclinometers 1 that are connected in series and several pore pressure gauges 18 that are connected in series are set; A plurality of inclinometers 1 of serial connection are set in deep foundation pit fender post 5, with a plurality of pore pressure gauges 18 that serial connection is set in the degree of depth fender post 5 peripheral soil, along the fender post surface a plurality of pressure cells 19 of serial connection are installed; 6 surfaces, top, deep foundation ditch slope arrange several hydrostatic levels 4 of serial connection, and hat beam 8 upper surfaces arrange a plurality of hydrostatic levels 4 of serial connection; Each i iron supports 7 two ends installation shaft power meters 20, and a plurality of power meters 20 of serial connection are installed altogether; Audible-visual annunciator 17 is installed in the deep foundation pit construction scene.Those skilled in the art will appreciate that a plurality of inclinometers 1 that arrange in the deep foundation pit fender post 5 also can be arranged on the surface of fender post 5.
The a plurality of inclinometers 1 that are connected in series of setting synchronously in several inclinometers 1 that several inclinometers 1 comprise deep foundation ditch slope top 6 serial connections that arrange below and the deep foundation pit fender post 5; The a plurality of pore pressure gauges 18 that are connected in series that arrange in several pore pressure gauges 18 that several pore pressure gauges 18 comprise deep foundation ditch slope top 6 serial connections that arrange below and the fender post 5 all soil; Several hydrostatic levels 4 comprise several hydrostatic levels 4 of the serial connections that 6 surfaces, the sloping top of deep foundation ditch arrange and a plurality of hydrostatic levels 4 that are connected in series of hat beam 8 upper surfaces setting.
A plurality of pressure cells 19 of a plurality of hydrostatic levels 4 of several hydrostatic levels 4 of a plurality of pore pressure gauges 18 of several pore pressure gauges 18 of a plurality of inclinometers 1 of several inclinometers 1 of serial connection, serial connection, serial connection, serial connection, serial connection, serial connection, serial connection all are connected with a main line with a plurality of power meters 20 of serial connection, and main line is connected with audible-visual annunciator 17.
Remote computer 13 establishes the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of deep pit digging stability and deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform.The foundation of the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of deep pit digging stability is based on foundation ditch regional stratum hydrogeology engineering geological conditions, this zone ground body physical and mechanical parameter and continuous media fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3DDeep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform is based on VTK business software system.
Present embodiment is connected a main line with inclinometer 1, pore pressure gauge 18, pressure cell 19, axle power meter 20 with hydrostatic level 4; But the mode of inclinometer 1, pore pressure gauge 18, pressure cell 19, axle power meter 20 serial connections is not subjected to the restriction of embodiment.
Application foundation of the present utility model and application process are:
(1) select a deep foundation ditch as the object of the long-distance intelligent monitoring of deep foundation ditch stability and the enforcement of 3-dimensional digital comprehensive pre-warning method system; Investigate this deep foundation ditch regional stratum hydrogeology engineering geological conditions, obtain its ground body physical and mechanical parameter;
(2) remote monitoring and data processing host are set up the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of early warning system objective for implementation zone deep pit digging stability, set up deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform.The foundation of the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of deep pit digging stability is based on foundation ditch regional stratum hydrogeology engineering geological conditions, this zone ground body physical and mechanical parameter and continuous media fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3DDeep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform is based on VTK business software system.
When (3) fender post is constructed: below top, deep foundation ditch slope 6, to the position suitable with hat 8 degree of depth several inclinometer 1 and several interstitial hydraulic pressure meters 18 are set synchronously, along parallel with the stake axle in 5 of fender post 5 external surfaces or the fender posts a plurality of inclinometers 1 are set synchronously, the inclinometer 1 of bottom is deeply below the point, and the inclinometer 1 at top is with to be preced with beam 8 tops concordant; Along fender post 5 external surfaces a plurality of pore pressure gauges 18 are installed, 6 upper surfaces are installed several hydrostatic levels 4 on top, deep foundation ditch slope, at hat beam 8 upper surfaces a plurality of hydrostatic levels 4 are installed; Along the fender post surface a plurality of pressure cells 1 are installed; All i iron support 7 two ends installation shaft power meters 20; The on-the-spot audible-visual annunciator 17 of installing synchronously; All inclinometers 1, all interstitial hydraulic pressure meter 18, all pressure cell 19, all hydrostatic level 4 and all axle power meter 20 are connected to one are connected main line, connect main line and be connected with audible-visual annunciator 17; Gather the sedimentation of top 6, deep foundation ditch slope and fender post 5, horizontal movement, fender post 5 all lateral earth pressures, i iron supports 7 power and top, foundation ditch slope, the all soil pore water pressure force datas of fender post, and real-time monitored data is sent to GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3 by automatic data collection instrument 2, send to commercial satellite 10 by near the communications transmit base station 11 the GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3 again, be transferred to other communications reception base stations 16 afterwards, and enter internet 12 and be transferred to remote monitoring and data processing host 13, generate database file, three-dimensional comprehensive these data of numerical model real-time calling of deep pit digging stability;
(4) the three-dimensional comprehensive numerical model of the deep pit digging stability of computer foundation calls above-mentioned data, the initial array data that utilization obtains is finished self-parameter correction and is provided each parameter model threshold value, the model follow-up actual measurement series data that will obtain carries out comprehensively stressed, deformation analysis afterwards, and compare with the model parameter threshold value, represented and super warning parameter is carried out the classification safe early warning by deep foundation ditch three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform; The SMS module 14 of early warning information by being connected with data processing host 13 with remote monitoring is sent to site operation and floor control related personnel's mobile phone 15 with mobile phone short messages, realizes the distant early warning of deep foundation ditch stability; Simultaneously, early warning information also passes back to the audible-visual annunciator 17 that is installed in the job site scope of operation by visual safe early warning platform and carries out sound, light warning, realize on-the-spot early warning, make the operating personnel of execution control related personnel and job site in time take relevant preventive action according to early warning information, further strengthen the construction risk management.

Claims (5)

1. a deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System comprises several inclinometers (1), several hydrostatic levels (4) and several pore pressure gauges (18); It is characterized in that: also comprise a plurality of pressure cells (19), a plurality of power meters (20) also comprise the audible-visual annunciator (17), automatic data collection instrument (2), GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument (3), communications transmit base station (11), commercial satellite (10), communications reception base station (16), internet (12) and the remote computer (13) that connect successively; Inclinometer (1), hydrostatic level (4), pressure cell (19), axle power meter (20) and pore pressure gauge (18) and audible-visual annunciator (17) wired connection, audible-visual annunciator (17) and automatic data collection instrument (2) wired connection, automatic data collection instrument (2) other end wireless connections GPRS static data Acquisition Instruments (3), GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument (3), communications transmit base station (11), commercial satellite (10), between communications reception base station (16) and internet (12) successively the wireless signal communication be connected, internet (12) is connected with remote computer (13), remote computer (13) is connected with F2003GSMDTU SMS module (14), and F2003GSMDTU SMS module (14) is connected with several mobile phones (15) wireless signal communication.
2. a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: to the position suitable with Guan Liang (8) degree of depth several inclinometers (1) that are connected in series and several pore pressure gauges (18) that are connected in series are set below the deep foundation ditch top, slope (6); A plurality of inclinometers (1) of serial connection are set in deep foundation pit fender post (5), with a plurality of pore pressure gauges (18) that serial connection is set in the peripheral soil of degree of depth fender post (5), along the fender post surface a plurality of pressure cells (19) of serial connection are installed; (6) surface, top, deep foundation ditch slope arranges several hydrostatic levels (4) of serial connection, and Guan Liang (8) upper surface arranges a plurality of hydrostatic levels (4) of serial connection; Each i iron supports (7) two ends installation shaft power meters (20), and a plurality of power meters (20) of serial connection are installed altogether.
3. a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: a plurality of inclinometers (1) that are connected in series of setting synchronously in several inclinometers (1) that several inclinometers (1) comprise the serial connection that deep foundation ditch top, slope (6) arranges below and deep foundation pit fender post (5) surface or the fender post (5); Several pore pressure gauges (18) comprise several pore pressure gauges (18) of the serial connection that deep foundation ditch top, slope (6) arranges below and a plurality of pore pressure gauges (18) that are connected in series of fender post (5) Zhou Tuzhong setting; Several hydrostatic levels (4) comprise several hydrostatic levels (4) of the serial connection that surface, deep foundation ditch top, slope (6) arranges and a plurality of hydrostatic levels (4) that are connected in series of Guan Liang (8) upper surface setting.
4. a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent as claimed in claim 3 is monitored the 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System, it is characterized in that: a plurality of hydrostatic levels (4) of a plurality of pore pressure gauges (18) of a plurality of inclinometers (1) of several inclinometers (1) of serial connection, serial connection, several pore pressure gauges (18) of serial connection, serial connection, several hydrostatic levels (4) of serial connection, serial connection, a plurality of pressure cells (19) of serial connection all are connected with a main line with a plurality of power meters (20) of serial connection, and main line is connected with audible-visual annunciator (17).
5. as any described a kind of deep foundation ditch stability long-distance intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital Integrated Early Warning System of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: audible-visual annunciator (17) adopts the tower LED audible-visual annunciator of ADS-R3 serial ports.
CN 201320010052 2013-01-09 2013-01-09 Remote intelligent monitoring three-dimensional digital comprehensive early warning system for stability of deep foundation pit Withdrawn - After Issue CN203034434U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103061322A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-24 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Method and system for remote intelligent monitoring and three-dimensional digital comprehensive warning of deep foundation pit stability
CN103352483A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 广西土木勘察检测治理有限公司 Deep foundation pit monitoring and early warning system
CN103835764A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-06-04 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground engineering and deep foundation pit safety monitoring and early warning system
CN104635600A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 北京交通大学 Magnetic static leveling settlement automatic monitoring system
CN114076568A (en) * 2022-01-19 2022-02-22 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Air-ground-depth integrated visual slope automatic monitoring system and method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103061322A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-24 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Method and system for remote intelligent monitoring and three-dimensional digital comprehensive warning of deep foundation pit stability
CN103061322B (en) * 2013-01-09 2015-12-23 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Deep foundation ditch stability remote intelligent monitoring 3-dimensional digital comprehensive pre-warning method and system
CN103352483A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-16 广西土木勘察检测治理有限公司 Deep foundation pit monitoring and early warning system
CN103835764A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-06-04 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground engineering and deep foundation pit safety monitoring and early warning system
CN103835764B (en) * 2014-01-16 2016-06-08 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground works and deep basal pit pre-warning system for monitoring
CN104635600A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 北京交通大学 Magnetic static leveling settlement automatic monitoring system
CN114076568A (en) * 2022-01-19 2022-02-22 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Air-ground-depth integrated visual slope automatic monitoring system and method
CN114076568B (en) * 2022-01-19 2022-05-10 中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司 Air-ground-depth integrated visual slope automatic monitoring system and method

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