CN203022846U - Exhaust gas purifying device of automobile - Google Patents

Exhaust gas purifying device of automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203022846U
CN203022846U CN 201220746645 CN201220746645U CN203022846U CN 203022846 U CN203022846 U CN 203022846U CN 201220746645 CN201220746645 CN 201220746645 CN 201220746645 U CN201220746645 U CN 201220746645U CN 203022846 U CN203022846 U CN 203022846U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
electrostatic
outlet pipe
baffle plate
processing unit
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220746645
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张广昕
邱兆文
孙晋伟
张思思
王征
张凯
Original Assignee
长安大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by 长安大学 filed Critical 长安大学
Priority to CN 201220746645 priority Critical patent/CN203022846U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203022846U publication Critical patent/CN203022846U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an exhaust gas purifying device of an automobile. The exhaust gas purifying device of the automobile comprises an automobile exhaust particulate matter processing unit and a harmful gas processing unit, wherein the automobile exhaust particulate matter processing unit is arranged on an automobile exhaust pipe; the automobile exhaust particulate matter processing unit comprises an induction charge electrode, an electrostatic spraying device, a grounding electrode, a front end electrostatic high voltage generator and a rear end electrostatic high voltage generator; the electrostatic spraying device comprises an insulated sleeve; a plurality of nozzles are arranged at the wall of the insulated sleeve; the front end electrostatic high voltage generator is connected with the induction charge electrode; the rear end electrostatic high voltage generator is connected with a plurality of nozzles; the harmful gas processing unit comprises a container for containing NHD liquid; the exhaust pipe passes through the container; a baffle plate 1 is arranged inside the container; a plurality of conduits 1 are arranged at the left side of the baffle plate 1 inside the container; a conduit 2 is arranged at the right side of the baffle plate 1 inside the container; and a baffle plate 2 is arranged inside the exhaust pipe. The exhaust gas purifying device of the automobile can reduce the particulate matter and the harmful gas in exhaust gas discharge of the automobile to the maximal extent.

Description

Automobile exhaust gas purifying installation
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of purification plant, particularly relates to a kind of automobile exhaust gas purifying installation.
Background technique
Along with the fast development of China's communications and transportation cause, the sharp increase of automobile pollution, the air environmental pollution problem that causes due to motor vehicle emission is more and more serious, and vehicle emission pollution also becomes the emphasis in present environment protection treating field.Harmful components in motor vehicle exhaust emission have had a strong impact on resident's healthy and ecotope.Therefore, research reduces the technology of automotive emission and method and has positive effect on reducing motor vehicle exhaust emission to the impact of resident and ecotope, and the lifting that promotes atmosphere quality is played very important meaning.Therefore, by automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is studied, can reduce to greatest extent particulate matter and harmful gas in vehicle exhaust by the external purification measure, better ensure atmosphere quality, thereby better ensure resident's healthy and ecotope.
The model utility content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, and a kind of automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is provided.This automobile exhaust gas purifying installation can reduce particulate matter and the harmful gas in motor vehicle exhaust emission to greatest extent, the pollution of atmosphere that reduction causes due to motor vehicle exhaust emission, promote the improvement of atmosphere quality, and it is simple in structure, using effect good, is convenient to promote the use of.
for achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: automobile exhaust gas purifying installation, it is characterized in that: comprise the Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit and the harmful gas processing unit that are arranged on automobile exhaust pipe, described harmful gas processing unit is between Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit and outlet pipe relief opening, described Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit comprises the induction charged electrode, electrostatic atomizer, earth electrode, front end electrostatic high-pressure generator and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator, described induction charged electrode is ring-type and is enclosed within on the inwall of outlet pipe, described electrostatic atomizer comprises the spaghetti that is enclosed within outlet pipe, the tube wall of described spaghetti is provided with a plurality of shower nozzles, a plurality of described shower nozzles all are connected with water tank with the booster pump that is arranged on the outlet pipe outside successively by pipeline, the electric polarity of described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator is opposite, described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator joins with the induction charged electrode, described rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator and a plurality of described shower nozzle join, one end of described earth electrode joins with the induction charged electrode, the other end of described earth electrode stretches in spaghetti, described harmful gas processing unit comprises the container that is loaded with NHD liquid, described outlet pipe passes described container, be provided with baffle plate one in described container, one side of described baffle plate one is connected with the front panel of container, the opposite side of described baffle plate one is connected with the rear sidewall of container, has the gap between described baffle plate one and container bottom, in described container and the left side that is positioned at baffle plate one is provided with the conduit one of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduits one is all stretched in outlet pipe, has the gap between the lower end of described conduit one and container bottom, in described container and the right side that is positioned at baffle plate one is provided with the conduit two of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduits two is all stretched in outlet pipe, has the gap between the lower end of described conduit two and container bottom, be provided with in described outlet pipe be used to the baffle plate two that stops that tail gas is discharged from relief opening.
Above-mentioned automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is characterized in that: be provided with insulating bush on described induction charged electrode and between spaghetti and outlet pipe tube wall.
Above-mentioned automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is characterized in that: be provided with filter screen in a plurality of described conduits one and a plurality of described conduit two.
Above-mentioned automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is characterized in that: described container is connected with for carry the liquid supplementation pipe of NHD liquid in container.
Above-mentioned automobile exhaust gas purifying installation is characterized in that: the bottom of described container is connected with the liquid-discharging tube of discharging for the NHD liquid in container, on described liquid-discharging tube, valve is installed.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, of the present utility model simple in structure, rationally novel in design, be easy to install.
2, the utility model is realized coagulation by the Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit to vehicle exhaust, fine particle in tail gas is dropped to bottom outlet pipe, also by the harmful gas processing unit, the harmful gas in tail gas is processed, realized the secondary treatment to vehicle exhaust, by above-mentioned bi-level treatment, reduce to greatest extent particulate matter and harmful gas in motor vehicle exhaust emission, its using effect is good.
3, the utility model by filter screen is set, can further be collected the fine particle of tail gas.
4, of the present utility modelly realize that cost is low, using effect is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
In sum, the utility model is simple in structure, and novel in design rationally functional reliability is high, and long service life reduces the pollution of atmosphere that causes due to motor vehicle exhaust emission, promote atmosphere quality to improve using effect good, be convenient to promote the use of.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Description of reference numerals:
1-Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit; 1-1-front end electrostatic high-pressure generator;
1-2-induction charged electrode; 1-3-earth electrode;
1-4-rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator; 1-5-electrostatic atomizer;
1-5-1-spaghetti; 1-5-2-shower nozzle;
2-outlet pipe; 3-harmful gas processing unit;
3-1-air inlet is regional; 3-2-container; 3-3-baffle plate two;
3-4-exhaust gas region; 3-5-conduit two; 3-6-valve;
3-7-liquid-discharging tube; 3-8-baffle plate one; 3-9-filter screen;
3-10-liquid supplementation pipe; 3-11-conduit one; 4-booster pump;
5-water tank.
Embodiment
a kind of automobile exhaust gas purifying installation as shown in Figure 1, comprise the Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit 1 and the harmful gas processing unit 3 that are arranged on automobile exhaust pipe 2, described harmful gas processing unit 3 is between Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit 1 and outlet pipe 2 relief openings, described Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit 1 comprises induction charged electrode 1-2, electrostatic atomizer 1-5, earth electrode 1-3, front end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-1 and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-4, described induction charged electrode 1-2 is ring-type and is enclosed within on the inwall of outlet pipe 2, described electrostatic atomizer 1-5 comprises the spaghetti 1-5-1 that is enclosed within outlet pipe 2, the tube wall of described spaghetti 1-5-1 is provided with a plurality of shower nozzle 1-5-2, and a plurality of described shower nozzle 1-5-2 all are connected with water tank 5 with the booster pump 4 that is arranged on outlet pipe 2 outsides successively by pipeline, described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-1 and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-4 are arranged on the outside of outlet pipe 2, the electric polarity of described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-1 and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-4 is opposite, described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-1 and induction charged electrode 1-2 join, described rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-4 and a plurality of described shower nozzle 1-5-2 join, the end of described earth electrode 1-3 joins with induction charged electrode 1-2, and the other end of described earth electrode 1-3 stretches in spaghetti 1-5-1, described harmful gas processing unit 3 comprises the container 3-2 that is loaded with NHD liquid, described outlet pipe 2 passes described container 3-2, be provided with baffle plate one 3-8 in described container 3-2, the side of described baffle plate one 3-8 is connected with the front panel of container 3-2, the opposite side of described baffle plate one 3-8 is connected with the rear sidewall of container 3-2, has the gap between bottom described baffle plate one 3-8 and container 3-2, in described container 3-2 and the left side that is positioned at baffle plate one 3-8 is provided with conduit one 3-11 of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduit one 3-11 is all stretched in outlet pipe 2, has the gap between bottom the lower end of described conduit one 3-11 and container 3-2, in described container 3-2 and the right side that is positioned at baffle plate one 3-8 is provided with conduit two 3-5 of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduit two 3-5 is all stretched in outlet pipe 2, has the gap between bottom the lower end of described conduit two 3-5 and container 3-2, be provided with in described outlet pipe 2 be used to baffle plate two 3-3 that stop that tail gas is discharged from relief opening.
During use, when removing the fine particle in vehicle exhaust, at first open front end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-1 and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator 1-4, Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit 1 enters working state, form induction high-voltage charging electric field between induction charged electrode 1-2 and earth electrode 1-3, the spraying area between electrostatic atomizer 1-5 and earth electrode 1-3 forms electrostatic field.when vehicle-exhaust exhaust pipe 2 flows to relief opening, first through forming induction high-voltage charging electric field between induction charged electrode 1-2 and earth electrode 1-3, make the fine particle static electrification in tail gas, then contain the tail gas of static electrification fine particle by the spraying area of electrostatic atomizer 1-5 formation, through electrostatic field, make droplet with the electric charge opposite with fine particle, effect due to the Coulomb force, the charged droplets that spraying forms will adsorb fine particle, fine particle is by the droplet absorption with the charges of different polarity, the droplet of absorption fine particle is carried by tail gas and continues to carry to relief opening outlet pipe 2 is interior, because exhaust temperature is higher, adsorb fine grain droplet evaporation and form larger-size coarse granule, and be deposited in exhaust pipe 2 bottoms, like this, fine particle in tail gas is removed discharge, realize purified treatment, thereby realize the coagulation to tail gas, next, tail gas enters harmful gas processing unit 3, at first tail gas enter air inlet zone 3-1, and move downwards along conduit one 3-11, process NHD(polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether) after the purification of liquid, two 3-5 enter exhaust gas region 3-4 from conduit, and then discharge from the relief opening of outlet pipe 2, thereby complete the secondary treatment to tail gas.In the present embodiment, this automobile exhaust gas purifying installation can reduce particulate matter and the harmful gas in motor vehicle exhaust emission to greatest extent, reduces the pollution of atmosphere that causes due to motor vehicle exhaust emission, promotes the improvement of atmosphere quality.
In the present embodiment, described induction charged electrode 1-2 upward and between spaghetti 1-5-1 and outlet pipe 2 tube walls is provided with insulating bush.
As shown in Figure 1, be provided with filter screen 3-9 in a plurality of described conduit one 3-11 and a plurality of described conduit two 3-5.By filter screen 3-9 is set, can further collect the fine particle of tail gas.
As shown in Figure 1, described container 3-2 is connected with for carry the liquid supplementation pipe 3-10 of NHD liquid in container 3-2.The bottom of described container 3-2 is connected with the liquid-discharging tube 3-7 that discharges for the NHD liquid in container 3-2, on described liquid-discharging tube 3-7, valve 3-6 is installed.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every according to the utility model technical spirit to any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation that above embodiment does, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. automobile exhaust gas purifying installation, it is characterized in that: comprise the Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit (1) and the harmful gas processing unit (3) that are arranged on automobile exhaust pipe (2), described harmful gas processing unit (3) is positioned between Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit (1) and outlet pipe (2) relief opening, described Vehicle Exhaust Particulate processing unit (1) comprises induction charged electrode (1-2), electrostatic atomizer (1-5), earth electrode (1-3), front end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-1) and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-4), described induction charged electrode (1-2) is ring-type and is enclosed within on the inwall of outlet pipe (2), described electrostatic atomizer (1-5) comprises the spaghetti (1-5-1) that is enclosed within outlet pipe (2), the tube wall of described spaghetti (1-5-1) is provided with a plurality of shower nozzles (1-5-2), a plurality of described shower nozzles (1-5-2) all by pipeline successively the booster pump (4) outside with being arranged on outlet pipe (2) be connected with water tank (5), the electric polarity of described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-1) and rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-4) is opposite, described front end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-1) joins with induction charged electrode (1-2), described rear end electrostatic high-pressure generator (1-4) joins with a plurality of described shower nozzles (1-5-2), one end of described earth electrode (1-3) joins with induction charged electrode (1-2), the other end of described earth electrode (1-3) stretches in spaghetti (1-5-1), described harmful gas processing unit (3) comprises the container (3-2) that is loaded with NHD liquid, described outlet pipe (2) passes described container (3-2), be provided with baffle plate one (3-8) in described container (3-2), one side of described baffle plate one (3-8) is connected with the front panel of container (3-2), the opposite side of described baffle plate one (3-8) is connected with the rear sidewall of container (3-2), has the gap between bottom described baffle plate one (3-8) and container (3-2), in described container (3-2) and the left side that is positioned at baffle plate one (3-8) is provided with the conduit one (3-11) of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduits one (3-11) is all stretched in outlet pipe (2), has the gap between bottom the lower end of described conduit one (3-11) and container (3-2), in described container (3-2) and the right side that is positioned at baffle plate one (3-8) is provided with the conduit two (3-5) of a plurality of vertical layings, the upper end of a plurality of described conduits two (3-5) is all stretched in outlet pipe (2), has the gap between bottom the lower end of described conduit two (3-5) and container (3-2), be provided with in described outlet pipe (2) be used to the baffle plate two (3-3) that stops that tail gas is discharged from relief opening.
2. automobile exhaust gas purifying installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with insulating bush on described induction charged electrode (1-2) and between spaghetti (1-5-1) and outlet pipe (2) tube wall.
3. automobile exhaust gas purifying installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with filter screen (3-9) in a plurality of described conduits one (3-11) and a plurality of described conduit two (3-5).
4. automobile exhaust gas purifying installation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described container (3-2) is connected with for carry the liquid supplementation pipe (3-10) of NHD liquid in container (3-2).
5. automobile exhaust gas purifying installation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described container (3-2) is connected with the liquid-discharging tube (3-7) of discharging for the NHD liquid in container (3-2), and valve (3-6) is installed on described liquid-discharging tube (3-7).
CN 201220746645 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Exhaust gas purifying device of automobile CN203022846U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220746645 CN203022846U (en) 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Exhaust gas purifying device of automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220746645 CN203022846U (en) 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Exhaust gas purifying device of automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203022846U true CN203022846U (en) 2013-06-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102979600A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-20 长安大学 Automobile tail gas purifying device
CN103628953A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-03-12 大连大学 Automotive exhaust purification system and automotive exhaust purification method
CN105781691A (en) * 2016-02-15 2016-07-20 林雅宁 Automobile tail gas power generation and purification device
CN105833995A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 袁野 Electric-arc-type deduster
CN105840278A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 袁野 Arc type exhaust purifier
CN106111335A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 袁野 Electric arc water law dust-cleaning device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102979600A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-20 长安大学 Automobile tail gas purifying device
CN103628953A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-03-12 大连大学 Automotive exhaust purification system and automotive exhaust purification method
CN103628953B (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-10-07 大连大学 Automobile tail gas purification system and purification method
CN105833995A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 袁野 Electric-arc-type deduster
CN105840278A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 袁野 Arc type exhaust purifier
CN105781691A (en) * 2016-02-15 2016-07-20 林雅宁 Automobile tail gas power generation and purification device
CN106111335A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 袁野 Electric arc water law dust-cleaning device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130626

Termination date: 20131228

C17 Cessation of patent right