CN203015553U - Wine grape planting pit on slope in drought seasons - Google Patents

Wine grape planting pit on slope in drought seasons Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203015553U
CN203015553U CN 201220733734 CN201220733734U CN203015553U CN 203015553 U CN203015553 U CN 203015553U CN 201220733734 CN201220733734 CN 201220733734 CN 201220733734 U CN201220733734 U CN 201220733734U CN 203015553 U CN203015553 U CN 203015553U
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hole
plantation
slope
grape
stone weir
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CN 201220733734
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李迪华
宋丽清
王鑫
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Beijing earth man city planning Tsukito design Inc
Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute
Peking University
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Beijing Turen Landscape And Architecture Planning And Design Institute
Peking University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a wine grape planting pit on a slope in drought seasons. The pit body is arranged on a drought slope with the dip angle of 15-45 degrees, wherein the horizontal distance along the pits is 0.6-1.1m, and the slope distance between the upper and lower pits is 1-2m. A grape planting frame is set up on each pit body, the pit bodies are linearly arranged to form a planting row, and adjacent planting frames in the planting row are connected to each other. The planting rows are parallel to each other, the arranging direction of which is parallel to common wind direction drought. With the adoption of the planting pits for planting wine grape on a drought slope with annual precipitation less than 500mm, water and soil loss of the barren mountain and slope can be reduced, and considerable economic benefit can be generated.

Description

Wine grape plantation hole, season drought waste hillside
Technical field
The utility model relates to whole ground of afforestation, hillside fields engineering, is specifically related to wine grape plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside.
Background technology
The fish scale pit is by on coombe cutting and crushing domatic, the whole ground engineering of the hillside fields afforestation between 15 °~45 ° gradients.Because of the gradient, soil, limitation of construction, can't build the domatic of horizontal intercepting drain, the mode of often taking manually to dig pit disperses to tackle slope runoff, the conservation of soil and water.Conventional fish scale pit as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the soil that takes out of digging pit is trained into semicircle below the hole the ridge is to increase reservoir storage.On domatic, the layout in hole up and down is alternate, is isosceles triangle and arranges, and forms fish scale-shaped, therefore named fish scale pit.The ridge, hole, general fish scale pit semicircle internal diameter is 0.8~2m approximately, and the horizontal range between the hole (hole distance) is 1.0~3.0m, and the slope distance (array pitch) that two rows are cheated is 1.5~4.0m, and the hole degree of depth is 0.4m approximately.1 tree of planting in every hole.Concrete layout and specification should require to decide according to local rainfall, landform, soil property and afforestation.Because its build technology is simple, block the mud retaining and promote that the growth of young plantations effect is remarkable, be used widely.After particularly reason is guaranteed to cure at current small watershed family, become the major measure of Methods in Slop Improvement at native Mountainous Area.
Fish scale pit afforestation is a kind of bringing soil erosion under control method that engineering measure and plant measures combine, the effect in fish scale pit is to guarantee surviving of trees, by tree cover as the water and soil conservation facility and long-term role, tree cover can be selected fruit tree species according to site condition simultaneously, produces direct economic benefit.At present, many local dutys are digged pit, and ignore the fish scale pit pattern that adapts to the arboreal growth demand, cause forest to plant the survival rate lower (general survival rate should reach 80%) of cultivation; Secondly, plant the selected seeds of cultivation and also be confined to the common tree such as arbor-vitae, jujube tree, do not consider the fruit tree species of other suitable deserted mountain barren hills; Again, no matter whether planting of tree cover plants the space affluence, all adopt the pattern of 1 hole 1 tree, cause the hillside fields economic benefit not bring into play comprehensively.
In addition, the fish scale pit form is extensive, specification is fuzzy, causes soil and water conservation effect not good enough.For reaching good soil and water conservation effect, arranging of fish scale pit has certain specification with form, but in practical operation, often for want of local rainfall, landform, soil property and afforestation requires and the comprehensive Design of carrying out, the hole that aggravated on the contrary water and soil loss, has is little of the 0.3m left and right, and the hole connects the hole, opens up wasteland as peeling, has increased the weight of on the contrary water and soil loss; Some holes degree of depth only has 0.3m, can not satisfy the degree of depth of 0.5~0.8m of the required root growth of trees field planting, causes the tree cover growing state not good enough; The more important thing is, the construction in fish scale pit is comparatively extensive, does not consider the application of Novel seepage technology, and soil and water conservation effect still has larger room for promotion.
The utility model content
For the problems referred to above of prior art, the utility model provides wine grape plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside, carries out orchard planting in utilization and extention fish scale pit, season drought mountain area, to slow down deserted mountain barren hill water and soil loss phenomenon, promotes the Drought Mountain Area sustainable economic development.
For achieving the above object, the utility model comprises following technical scheme:
It is season of 15 °~45 ° on arid hillside field that wine grape plantation hole, a kind of season drought waste hillside, this hole, plantation hole body are arranged at the inclination angle, and the horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope in two rows holes is apart from being 1~2m; Set up the wine-growing frame on the body of hole, the hole body is in line to arrange and forms the plantation row, and the adjacent plantation frame in the plantation row interconnects; Each plantation row is parallel to each other, and its orientation is parallel with local usual wind direction.
Wine grape plantation hole, season drought as above waste hillside, preferably, body along continuous straight runs cross section, described hole is that 1.55~3.49m is square, hole body depth 0.83~1.67m, hole end level; The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1~0.2m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient; This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end; Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.5~0.8m, soil surface is reserved grape transplanting stock and is cheated.
Wine grape plantation hole, season drought as above waste hillside, preferably, each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.9m is square, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level; The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient; This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end; Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m, soil surface is reserved grape transplanting stock and is cheated; Horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 2m.
Wine grape plantation hole, season drought as above waste hillside preferably, arranges 4-6 grape transplanting stock in each hole body and cheats, each grape transplanting stock hole positional distance hole wall 0.2~0.3m.
The utility model according to the natural conditions of season arid hillside field, designs a kind of novel fish scale pit structure and implantation methods for the growth characteristic of small-sized forest plant.It has beneficial effect to be the following aspects:
The one,, propose to utilize the fish scale pit to carry out the pattern of slope garden plantation in season drought mountain area.Investigation finds, season drought mountain area cultivated land resource is rare, hides river valleys, the Lancang River as example take two, 1346 square kilometres of soils only have 5.77 square kilometres can be for cultivating.Traditional Slope land exploitation in above-mentioned area often utilizes the mechanical planarization soil, and this method easily affects the hillside fields rock-steady structure and causes water and soil loss, is subjected to simultaneously impact and the 15 ° of restrictions with descending slope of medium-and-large-sized gravel in the place, causes the soil utilizability limited.Comparatively speaking, the fish scale pit implantation methods is applicable to 15 °~45 ° abrupt slopes, and preresearch estimates can increase above-mentioned area plantation land area 30%, and the plantation hole can be avoided large-scale gravel and carries out part excavation, reducing the earthwork and the engineering difficulty in place, is the effective ways that steep slopeland is opened up wasteland.Can plant adaptation season drought weather in the fish scale pit, take root firmly woods fruit economic crops of deep and firm soil, and adjust plantation density according to the growing space of crop, as economic crops such as grapes, can take hole 4 strains, even excavate in part the cropping pattern that hole 6 strains are taked in fish scale pit difficulty larger area, effectively solve Land resources in mountainous areas limited, the problem that utilization ratio is low.
The 2nd,, the fish scale pit engineering specification of appropriate design season drought Sloping field in mountain area wine-growing.Semicircle hole is adopted in the tradition fish scale pit, the impact in short-term that is conducive to resist a large amount of rainwater, but the semicircle loss of morphology cheat the utilized space of four jiaos, reduced the utilization ratio in soil; The tradition fish scale pit degree of depth only has 0.4m, although earth volume is lower, can not satisfy the growth demand of taking root darker forest tree, take grape as example, suitable plantation is cheated the degree of depth in the 0.8m left and right, and the degree of depth affects the later stage fruit yield a little less than can causing seedling growth less than 0.5m.Therefore, novel fish scale pit takes into full account the demand of local climate, soil condition and plantation vegetation, proposes to adopt square fish scale pit.On the one hand season drought mountain area rainfall is less, and square hole body is auxiliary in conjunction with the stone weir, the impact that can bear corresponding rainwater; On the other hand, grape can be planted in the fish scale pit four jiaos, keep improving planting density on the basis of spacing in the rows spacing greater than 1m; Simultaneously, the plantation hole degree of depth is increased to 0.8m and promotes grape growth, and overall the realization suited measures to local conditions, because of kind of institute suitable.
The 3rd,, use HDPE antiseepage film technology, improve fish scale pit water and soil conservation ability.The HDPE antiseepage film is also referred to as density polyethylene film with high, HDPE geomembrane, is the coiled plastic material that is made of the HDPE resin.Its applicability shows: (1) antiseepage coefficient is high; (2) chemical stability is good, has good antiseptic property, electrical property, humidity resistance, leakage performance; (3) physical stability is good, has outstanding heat resistance, cold tolerance, uvioresistant, anti-decomposability, and the materials'use life-span reaches 50-70; (4) anti-root system of plant has excellent anti-puncture ability, can resist the majority of plant root system; (5) product cost is lower than the conventional waterproof material, saves cost approximately 50% left and right than common engineering; (6) environment-protecting asepsis, HDPE antiseepage film are that high molecular polymer is nontoxic, tasteless, the white particle of odorless, do not produce harmful substance.
Application result shows on the spot, and plantation of the present utility model hole average diminishing benefit for many years surpasses 70%, subtracts husky benefit and surpasses 90%.Be used for the plantation grape, survival rate of plant is 91%.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is wine grape plantation hole, the utility model season drought waste hillside planar structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that wine grape plantation hole, the utility model season drought waste hillside is along the longitudinal sectional view of weir, a side hole outer wall.
Fig. 3 is that the utility model wine-growing is along slope oblique line planting patterns perspective view.
Fig. 4 is that the utility model wine-growing is along slope oblique line planting patterns planar structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is that the utility model wine-growing is along slope oblique line planting patterns perspective view.
Embodiment
Describe the utility model in detail below by example.
Wine grape plantation hole, the non-irrigated waste hillside of embodiment 1
It is 15 °~45 ° that wine grape plantation hole, season of the present utility model drought waste hillside is arranged on the inclination angle, and the season of the not enough 500mm of annual precipitation is on arid hillside field.A kind of preferred embodiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the hole body in plantation hole is square, the length of side is 1.9m, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level.The hole body consists of stone weir 2 along slope aspect three surface barrier stones, and the thickness on stone weir is 0.1m, and three of the height on stone weir equate, stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length of side in a=hole, α=gradient.The inboard HDPE antiseepage film 3 of laying in stone weir 2, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end.Reclaimed soil 4 in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m.Can sneak into the 1-5 kilogram histosol of growing seedlings according to original place soil depletion degree, be used for improving the soil organic matter, improve soil structure, promote soil metabolism, thereby strengthen the crop disease-resistant ability, improve crop quality.Soil surface is reserved the wine grape field planting and is cheated 5, and wine grapes such as can be used for planting grape is cheated in field planting, and field planting is cheated and is arranged at four jiaos of square hole bodies, distance four limit 0.2~0.3m.
Earth volume and reservoir storage such as the following table 1 of above-mentioned single hole excavation.This plantation is cheated for many years, and average diminishing benefit over 70%, subtracts husky benefit and surpasses 90%.
The corresponding table of table 1 fish scale pit excavated volume/water-holding capacity
The gradient Excavated volume (cubic meter) Water-holding capacity (cubic meter)
15° 3.49 3.70
25° 3.27 3.34
35° 2.96 2.36
45° 2.55 1.75
As Fig. 3~hole body shown in Figure 5, above-mentioned, plantation grape 6 on the season of the not enough 500mm of annual precipitation arid hillside field is set up wine-growing frame 7 on the body of hole, and the hole body is in line to arrange and forms the plantation row, and the adjacent plantation frame in the plantation row interconnects.Each plantation row is parallel to each other, and its orientation is parallel with local usual wind direction.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, when wind direction and hillside fields oblique, adopt the oblique line planting patterns on suitable slope, wine grape plantation hole.Assurance is parallel with wind direction with row direction as far as possible, along the oblique line directions built, on the basis that low oblique line plantation is gone, the plantation of assurance wine grape is cheated file and is arranged along slope aspect from height in formation, and direction and slope aspect are consistent as far as possible.Horizontal range between the adjacent pits body is 1100mm, and the slope distance of up and down two row is 2000mm.
As shown in Figure 5, when the wind direction inclined slope aspect, adopt grape valley wind cropping pattern, i.e. wine grape plantation row is arranged the form of plantation along the slope.Grape is capable moves towards all consistent with slope aspect to cheating with plantation, along the slope built, forms from high capable to low wine-growing.Slope between the body of neighbouring hole distance is 1100mm, and two in the ranks horizontal ranges are 2m.
Adopt said method plantation grape cost per mu at 20,000 yuan, comprise all field costs such as infrastructure, water conservancy, plantation.After reaching the maturing stage, every mu of grape annual output is 5000 yuan, considers that front 3 year maturing stage is underproduce, estimates 5 years recovery costs, and obtains to continue income in following a century.

Claims (4)

1. it is season of 15 °~45 ° on arid hillside field that season drought waste hillside wine grape plantation hole, this hole, plantation hole body are arranged at the inclination angle, it is characterized in that, the horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope in two rows holes is apart from being 1~2m; Set up the wine-growing frame on the body of hole, the hole body is in line to arrange and forms the plantation row, and the adjacent plantation frame in the plantation row interconnects; Each plantation row is parallel to each other, and its orientation is parallel with local usual wind direction.
2. wine grape plantation hole, season drought waste hillside as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Body along continuous straight runs cross section, described hole is that 1.55~3.49m is square, hole body depth 0.83~1.67m, hole end level;
The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1~0.2m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient;
This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end;
Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.5~0.8m, soil surface is reserved grape transplanting stock and is cheated.
3. wine grape plantation hole, season drought waste hillside as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that,
Each body along continuous straight runs cross section, hole is that 1.9m is square, hole body depth 1.0m, hole end level;
The hole body consists of the stone weir along slope aspect three surface barrier stones; The thickness on stone weir is 0.1m; Three of the height on stone weir are equal, and stone weir crest end is apart from the domatic height c=a in lower end * sin α, in formula: the length that a=cheats, α=gradient;
This inboard HDPE antiseepage film of laying in stone weir, the antiseepage film height flushes with stone weir crest end;
Reclaimed soil in the hole, the degree of depth is 0.8m, soil surface is reserved grape transplanting stock and is cheated;
Horizontal range between the body of hole is 0.6~1.1m, and the slope distance that two rows are cheated is 2m.
4. wine grape plantation hole, season drought waste hillside as described in any one in claim 1-3, is characterized in that, in each hole body, 4-6 grape transplanting stock is set and cheats, each grape transplanting stock hole positional distance hole wall 0.2~0.3m.
CN 201220733734 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Wine grape planting pit on slope in drought seasons Active CN203015553U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103548637A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 河北省林业科学研究院 Deep-trench small sunny slope warming planting method for outdoor grapes
CN103563715A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-12 河北省林业科学研究院 Sand-stabilization culture method for outdoor grapes

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103548637A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 河北省林业科学研究院 Deep-trench small sunny slope warming planting method for outdoor grapes
CN103563715A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-12 河北省林业科学研究院 Sand-stabilization culture method for outdoor grapes
CN103563715B (en) * 2013-10-30 2018-03-16 河北省林业科学研究院 A kind of Sand-stabilization culture method for outdoor grapes

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C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
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Inventor after: Li Dihua

Inventor after: Song Liqing

Inventor after: Wang Xin

Inventor before: Li Dihua

Inventor before: Song Liqing

Inventor before: Wang Xin

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Owner name: BEIJING UNIV. BEIJING TUREN URBAN PLANNING AND DES

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Effective date: 20150202

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Address after: 100080, Zhongguancun Haidian District 4-5 North Avenue, 127-1 North Science Park Innovation Center, Beijing

Patentee after: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Patentee after: Peking University

Patentee after: BEIJING TURENSCAPE URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN CO., LTD.

Address before: 100080, Zhongguancun Haidian District 4-5 North Avenue, 127-1 North Science Park Innovation Center, Beijing

Patentee before: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Patentee before: Peking University

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CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100080, 4-5 North Zhongguancun science and technology innovation center, 127-1 North Zhongguancun street, Haidian District, Beijing.

Co-patentee after: Peking University

Patentee after: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Co-patentee after: Beijing earth man city planning Tsukito design Inc

Address before: 100080, 4-5 North Zhongguancun science and technology innovation center, 127-1 North Zhongguancun street, Haidian District, Beijing.

Co-patentee before: Peking University

Patentee before: Beijing Turen Landscape and Architecture Planning and Design Institute

Co-patentee before: BEIJING TURENSCAPE URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN CO., LTD.