CN203010631U - Garbage incinerator with three-section type Martin fire grate - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator with three-section type Martin fire grate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203010631U
CN203010631U CN2012205934254U CN201220593425U CN203010631U CN 203010631 U CN203010631 U CN 203010631U CN 2012205934254 U CN2012205934254 U CN 2012205934254U CN 201220593425 U CN201220593425 U CN 201220593425U CN 203010631 U CN203010631 U CN 203010631U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stoker
fire grate
burning
outlet
incinerator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012205934254U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈卫江
沈勇
聂玺轩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Xinrun Environmental Protection Equipment Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Xinrun Environmental Protection Equipment Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Xinrun Environmental Protection Equipment Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Xinrun Environmental Protection Equipment Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012205934254U priority Critical patent/CN203010631U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203010631U publication Critical patent/CN203010631U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model discloses a garbage incinerator with a three-section type Martin fire grate. The garbage incinerator with the three-section type Martin fire grate comprises an incinerator body. The Martin fire grate is arranged between a garbage inlet and a garbage outlet of the incinerator body and connected with a hydraulic pressure station. A preheating air pipe is arranged below the Martin fire grate. The Martin fire grate comprises a combustion ash section Martin fire grate, a combustion section Martin fire grate and a drying section Martin fire grate. An inlet of the combustion ash section Martin fire grate is located below an outlet of the combustion section Martin fire grate. An inlet of the combustion section Martin fire grate is located below an outlet of the drying section Martin fire grate. According to the three-section type Martin fire grate garbage incinerator, the three-section type Martin fire grate is used, a height difference is arranged at each connection position of the sections, garbage falls at the connection positions and is easily turned over and fragmented, and the garbage is combusted more completely.

Description

Syllogic stoker incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to the environmental protection equipment field, is specifically related to incinerator.
Background technology
The technology of garbage disposal that extensively adopts at present is with incinerator, rubbish to be carried out burning disposal, the stoker incinerator is a kind of inverse-push incinerator of present technology maturation, rubbish overturns on fire grate, the burning degree is high, but the rubbish of China is because not doing classification when collecting processes, and complicated is easy to form coking during burning, cause coke button inside insufficient burnt, waste incineration is not thorough; The stoker incinerator only has an end formula fire grate at present, and the rubbish crushing of coking is more difficult.
The process of incineration treatment of garbage is divided into drying, burns, burns three processes, wherein dry run usually adopts is that the radiant heat of high-temperature flue gas, burner hearth side wall and furnace roof of reverse flow and the high temperature air convection current of sending into the fire grate below contact to dry rubbish, high temperature air can be supported the burning of rubbish on the one hand in burning with in burning process, to avoid because Cryogenic air is sent into incinerator on the other hand, cause the temperature difference in stove large, affect the efficient of incineration firing; High-temperature flue gas and the air at room temperature greater than 550 ℃ of normally the waste heat boiler of incinerator being discharged in prior art carry out thermal energy exchange through heat exchanger, and Cryogenic air is heated to send into behind 250 ℃ of left and right each process of fire grate below; Each process analysis procedure analysis according to rubbish on fire grate as can be known, the temperature of dry run is higher, it is faster that rubbish is dried, and provide better condition for two follow-up processes, but this process adds oxygen that the content of nitrogen in flue gas, oxygen compound is improved, and increases the difficulty that gas cleaning is processed, and is therefore necessary high temperature air for burning and the process that burns, be not the optimal selection of dry run, result of use is bad.
For the incinerator of continuous operation, the expense of at every turn again putting stove is higher in addition, is zero so require equipment failure rate, and the Hydraulic Station of continuous operation is prone to fault, the processing scheme that in the past adopted is the using and the reserved, namely prepares two Hydraulic Stations, causes equipment funds to drop into higher.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of syllogic stoker incinerator, can solve the problem that existing stoker incinerator rubbish coking causes burning not thoroughly, drying effect is bad and the equipment funds input is high.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Syllogic stoker incinerator, comprise the burning body of heater, be provided with stoker between the garbage inlet of described burning body of heater and ashes outlet, described stoker is connected with Hydraulic Station, described stoker below is provided with the preheated air pipe, described stoker comprises burning segment stoker, burning zone stoker, dryer section stoker, the import of described burning segment stoker is positioned at the outlet below of burning zone stoker, and the import of described burning zone stoker is positioned at the outlet below of dryer section stoker.
The further improvement of the utility model scheme is, the burning segment stoker is horizontally disposed with, and the import of described burning zone stoker and dryer section stoker is higher than the outlet-inclined impeller vane setting.
The further improvement of the utility model scheme is that burning zone stoker and dryer section stoker and horizontal plane angle are 20 ~ 30 °.
The further improvement of the utility model scheme is that the distance between the outlet of the outlet of the import of burning segment stoker and burning zone stoker and the import of burning zone stoker and dryer section stoker is 0.8 ~ 1.0 meter.
The further improvement of the utility model scheme is that the outlet of preheated air pipe is positioned at below the burning zone and burning segment of fire grate; Flue is provided with arm between waste heat boiler and heat exchanger, described arm outlet is positioned at below the dryer section stoker, and described arm is provided with high temperature draught fan.
The further improvement of the utility model scheme is, the fuel tank flowline of Hydraulic Station is communicated with first, second hydraulic power unit of parallel connection, the outlet one tunnel of described first, second hydraulic power unit is returned to fuel tank through overflow pipe, another road communicates through magnetic valve first, second solenoid directional control valve with parallel connection, and described first, second solenoid directional control valve also communicates with the oil return pipe of fuel tank and rodless cavity oil pipe, the rod chamber oil pipe of driving oil cylinder respectively.
The utility model advantage compared with prior art is:
One, adopt the syllogic stoker, there is the difference in height of 0.8 ~ 1 meter each section junction, and rubbish falls in the junction, more easily rolling and fragmentation, burning more thorough;
Two, deliver to dry run fire grate below with what waste heat boiler was discharged greater than 550 ℃ of high-temperature flue gas, the rubbish drying rate is faster, and for a combustion chamber of incinerator provides a large amount of heat energy, for the follow-up burning of rubbish, the process of burning have been created advantage; Reduced by 15% ~ 20% high temperature air demand, reduced simultaneously the content of dry run oxygen, reduced the generation of nitrogen, oxygen compound, for advantage has been created in gas cleaning.
Three, the parts that Hydraulic Station are prone to fault carry out Redundancy Design, have improved the processing speed when breaking down, and have reduced the equipment funds input, have saved cost, have increased the benefit of enterprise.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the hydraulic station structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
syllogic stoker incinerator as shown in Figure 1, comprise and burn body of heater 1, be provided with stoker 2 between the garbage inlet 11 of described burning body of heater 1 and ashes outlet 12, described stoker 2 is connected with Hydraulic Station 5, described stoker 2 belows are provided with preheated air pipe 4, described stoker 2 comprises burning segment stoker 21, burning zone stoker 22, dryer section stoker 23, the import of described burning segment stoker 21 is positioned at the outlet below of burning zone stoker 22, the import of described burning zone stoker 22 is positioned at the outlet below of dryer section stoker 21.
As shown in Figure 1, burning segment stoker 21 is horizontally disposed with, and the import of described burning zone stoker 22 and dryer section stoker 23 is higher than the outlet-inclined impeller vane setting.
As shown in Figure 1, burning zone stoker 22 and dryer section stoker 23 are 20 ~ 30 ° with horizontal plane angle.
As shown in Figure 1, the distance between the outlet of the import of the outlet of the import of burning segment stoker 21 and burning zone stoker 22 and burning zone stoker 22 and dryer section stoker 21 is 0.8 ~ 1 meter.
As shown in Figure 1,4 outlets of preheated air pipe are positioned at below the burning zone and burning segment of fire grate 2; Flue 13 is provided with arm 3 between waste heat boiler 14 and heat exchanger 42,3 outlets of described arm are positioned at dryer section stoker 23 belows, and described arm 3 is provided with high temperature draught fan 31.
As shown in Figure 2, the fuel tank flowline 51 of Hydraulic Station 5 is communicated with first, second hydraulic power unit 55,56 of parallel connection, described first, second hydraulic power unit 55,56 outlet one tunnel are returned to fuel tank through overflow pipe 510, another road communicates through magnetic valve 59 first, second solenoid directional control valve 57,58 with parallel connection, and described first, second solenoid directional control valve 57,58 also communicates with the oil return pipe 52 of fuel tank and rodless cavity oil pipe 54, the rod chamber oil pipe 53 of driving oil cylinder respectively.

Claims (6)

1. syllogic stoker incinerator, comprise and burn body of heater (1), be provided with stoker (2) between the garbage inlet (11) of described burning body of heater (1) and ashes outlets (12), described stoker (2) is connected with Hydraulic Station (5), described stoker (2) below is provided with preheated air pipe (4), it is characterized in that: described stoker (2) comprises burning segment stoker (21), burning zone stoker (22), dryer section stoker (23), the import of described burnt segment grate (21) is positioned at the outlet below of burning zone fire grate (22), the import of described burning zone fire grate (22) is positioned at the outlet below of dryer section fire grate (21).
2. syllogic stoker incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described burning segment stoker (21) is horizontally disposed with, and the import of described burning zone stoker (22) and dryer section stoker (23) is higher than the outlet-inclined impeller vane setting.
3. syllogic stoker incinerator as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described burning zone stoker (22) and dryer section stoker (23) are 20 ~ 30 ° with horizontal plane angle.
4. syllogic stoker incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the distance between the outlet of the outlet of the import of described burning segment stoker (21) and burning zone stoker (22) and the import of burning zone stoker (22) and dryer section stoker (21) is 0.8 ~ 1 meter.
5. syllogic stoker incinerator as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described preheated air pipe (4) outlet is positioned at burning zone and the burning segment below of fire grate (2); Flue (13) is provided with arm (3) between waste heat boiler (14) and heat exchanger (42), described arm (3) outlet is positioned at below dryer section stoker (23), and described arm (3) is provided with high temperature draught fan (31).
6. syllogic stoker incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fuel tank flowline (51) of described Hydraulic Station (5) and in parallel first, the second hydraulic power unit (55, 56) be communicated with, described first, the second hydraulic power unit (55, 56) outlet one tunnel is returned to fuel tank through overflow pipe (510), another road is through magnetic valve (59) and in parallel first, the second solenoid directional control valve (57, 58) communicate, described first, the second solenoid directional control valve (57, 58) also respectively with the oil return pipe (52) of fuel tank and the rodless cavity oil pipe (54) that drives oil cylinder, rod chamber oil pipe (53) communicates.
CN2012205934254U 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Garbage incinerator with three-section type Martin fire grate Expired - Fee Related CN203010631U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205934254U CN203010631U (en) 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Garbage incinerator with three-section type Martin fire grate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205934254U CN203010631U (en) 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Garbage incinerator with three-section type Martin fire grate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203010631U true CN203010631U (en) 2013-06-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102966956A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-03-13 江苏欣润环境科技发展有限公司 Three-section type Martin grate garbage incinerator
CN104197333A (en) * 2014-09-15 2014-12-10 李观德 Harmless combustion device for garbage
CN104266198A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-07 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Garbage incinerator combustion chamber

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102966956A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-03-13 江苏欣润环境科技发展有限公司 Three-section type Martin grate garbage incinerator
CN104197333A (en) * 2014-09-15 2014-12-10 李观德 Harmless combustion device for garbage
CN104266198A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-07 南通天蓝环保能源成套设备有限公司 Garbage incinerator combustion chamber

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20141113

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model