CN203003611U - Abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation - Google Patents

Abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203003611U
CN203003611U CN 201220690971 CN201220690971U CN203003611U CN 203003611 U CN203003611 U CN 203003611U CN 201220690971 CN201220690971 CN 201220690971 CN 201220690971 U CN201220690971 U CN 201220690971U CN 203003611 U CN203003611 U CN 203003611U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
abrasive flow
abrasive
buffing
polishing
hollow
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220690971
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙树峰
王萍萍
吴鑫
林森
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孙树峰
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Application filed by 孙树峰 filed Critical 孙树峰
Priority to CN 201220690971 priority Critical patent/CN203003611U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203003611U publication Critical patent/CN203003611U/en

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Abstract

The utility mode provides an abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation. The device comprises a buffing steering tool, a main shaft mechanism and an abrasive flow mechanism, wherein the buffing steering tool comprises a top opening, a hollow pipeline, the top end of the hollow pipeline is opened, the bottom end of the hollow pipeline is in a hemispherical shape, wherein the bottom end of the hollow pipeline is provided with a plurality of small thin grooves which are distributed evenly. The main shaft mechanism comprises a shell body, a hollow main shaft, a shaft sleeve, a rotor, a stator and a bearing, and the hollow main shaft, the shaft sleeve, the rotor, the stator and the bearing are installed inside the shell body. The abrasive flow mechanism comprises a box body, a stirrer, an abrasive dust absorber, a pump, a one-way pressure regulating valve, a recycling box and a pipeline. The buffing steering tool does not touch a workpiece, an abrasive flow spews out of the inner portion of the buffing steering tool through a narrow slit which is located on the head of a ball, a die is dealt with the free-form surface buffing through the abrasive flow, and influence of surface curvature change can be avoided because the abrasive flow buffing is good in form imitation. The device has the advantages of being simple in structure, high in buffing automaticity and buffing quality, stable in buffing quality and the like.

Description

Abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the mold polish field, is specifically related to a kind of abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding.
Background technology
Along with the user is more and more higher to the surface quality requirement of mould molding product (as mobile phone shell, car light and appliance shell etc.), Die ﹠ Mold Manufacturing Companies must further improve the surface quality of mold cavity to satisfy people's needs, and this is because the surface quality of mould molding product depends primarily on the surface quality of mold cavity.Improve the mold cavity surface quality and not only make workpiece more attractive in appearance, and can strengthen corrosion resistance and wearability, make moulded products be easy to the demoulding, reduced because the part overload cracks and the danger that comes off etc.Mold cavity is in the majority with free form surface, surperficial in order to obtain minute surface level mold cavity, follow-up polishing processing (being mainly polishing) becomes requisite important process, mold freedom curved surface polishing is at present mainly completed by manual operations, efficient low (used time accounts for the 40%-50% of whole mould manufacturing time) not only, labour intensity is large, and is difficult to guarantee surface accuracy and stable polishing quality.Low in view of manual polishing mode efficient, quality is low and the shortcoming of high in cost of production aspect, mould is made efficient and quality has great importance for improving for efficient, the great surface quality automation finishing method of mold freedom curved surface and device in research.
The researcher has studied a lot of finishing methods and device both at home and abroad, as mechanical polishing method and device: mainly adopt polishing wheel, buff spindle and buffing wheel etc. to carry out polishing, magnetic rheological polishing method and device: mainly adopt the magnetic flow liquid die curve of flowing through to carry out polishing, also have in addition air bag polishing, ultrasonic polishing, ultrasonic wave-electrochemistry (electrolysis) polishing, electrochemistry (electrolysis) polishing, electrochemistry (electrolysis)-mechanical composite polishing, magnetic force-electrolytically and mechanically combined polishing etc.In these methods and device, what have can be used for the mold freedom curved surface polishing, but also exists automaticity low, needs human assistance to complete, and efficient is low, labour intensity is large, be difficult to guarantee surface accuracy and the stable defectives such as polishing quality; And other method and device are complicated due to comparison in equipment, environment is had the factors such as pollution, flow direction be wayward, all there is no to obtain fine application in the mold freedom curved surface polishing.
The utility model content
The utility model provides for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding that a kind of automaticity is high, efficient is high, cost is low.
The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:
A kind of abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding comprises polishing steering tool, mainshaft mechanism and abrasive Flow mechanism;
Described polishing steering tool comprises that a top end opening, bottom are hemispheric hollow pipe, and the bottom of described hollow pipe is provided with several equally distributed fine grooves;
Described mainshaft mechanism comprises housing, and is arranged on hollow spindle, axle sleeve, rotor, stator and bearing in housing; Described housing is connected with multi-shaft linkage numerical control machine, and described hollow spindle is communicated with the hollow pipe of polishing steering tool; Described axle sleeve is arranged on the external cylindrical surface mid portion of hollow spindle, and described bearing is arranged on the external cylindrical surface two end portions of hollow spindle, and described rotor is arranged on axle sleeve, and described stator is arranged on housing.
Described abrasive Flow mechanism comprises casing, agitator, abrasive dust absorber, pump, one-way pressure regulating valve, collection box and connecting pipe; Collection box, casing, pump and one-way pressure regulating valve are communicated with formation abrasive Flow runner successively by connecting pipe; Described agitator and abrasive dust absorber all are arranged in casing; The end of described abrasive Flow runner is communicated with the hollow spindle of mainshaft mechanism.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: the hollow pipe in the hollow spindle in mainshaft mechanism and polishing steering tool is bolted.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: the junction of hollow spindle and hollow pipe is provided with the O RunddichtringO.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: the two ends up and down of described housing are provided with an end cap, and described end cap is connected with housing by bolt.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: described casing is the truncated cone-shaped structure.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: described agitator is the tilt agitators of structure of four teeth directionals.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: described abrasive dust absorber comprises shell, and in the enclosure spiral coil and iron core are set.
Of the present utility modelly preferably be set to: the bottom of described casing is provided with a plug.
abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding described in the utility model, in polishing process, abrasive Flow is full of hollow pipe, and gush by the fine groove of lower end, the polishing steering tool is High Rotation Speed along with the rotation of hollow spindle, the abrasive Flow that drive is gushed from fine groove is along the semispherical surface tangential motion, form the abrasive particle field of High Rotation Speed, polishing steering tool semispherical surface keeps a determining deviation with polished mold freedom curved surface all the time, fine abrasive particle High Rotation Speed in the abrasive particle field clashes into the micro-nano projection on mold freedom curved surface, little power at fine abrasive particle, under the micro cutting effect, make progressively polishing of mold freedom curved surface, obtain minute surface level surface smoothness.
Polishing steering tool described in the utility model does not contact workpiece, abrasive Flow is gushed through the slit on bulb by the polishing steering tool is inner, by abrasive Flow to the mold freedom curved surface polishing, because the imitative type performance of abrasive Flow polishing is good, thereby the impact that not changed by curvature of curved surface.For curvature variation free form surface greatly, can change the proper polishing steering tool of Probe-radius, abrasive Flow is under the guiding and turning effort of steering tool, formation controllable rotating abrasive particle field, by controlling main shaft rotary speed, abrasive Flow pressure, steering tool and being thrown the parameters such as surperficial spacing and polishing time, can obtain different qualities of finish and efficient, have simple in structure, the advantages such as the polishing automaticity is high, and quality of finish is high and stable.
In traditional emery wheel finishing method, emery wheel directly contacts surface of the work, and the free form surface that curvature is changed greatly is difficult to carry out polishing with emery wheel, and the emery wheel polished surface do not reach the minute surface level, therefore can only be used as rough polishing.And that the utility model can carry out is Ultraprecise polished, and polished surface can reach the minute surface level.
In traditional flexible air-bag finishing method, flexible air-bag is contacted with throwing surface of the work, and under the contact effect, abrasive particle is difficult to be stored in contact area, so polishing efficiency is low.And the utility model polishing steering tool used is not contacted with throwing tool surfaces, so efficient is higher.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the front view based on the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device of instrument guiding;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of polishing steering tool;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of mainshaft mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of abrasive Flow mechanism;
In figure, the implication of each label is:
Polishing steering tool 1, mainshaft mechanism 2, abrasive Flow mechanism 3, hollow pipe 11, fine groove 12, opening connecting portion 13, bolt mounting holes 14, seal groove 15, housing 21, hollow spindle 22, axle sleeve 23, rotor 24, stator 25, bearing 26, end cap 27, bolt 28, casing 31, agitator 32, abrasive dust absorber 33, pump 34, one-way pressure regulating valve 35, collection box 36, connecting pipe 37, plug 38.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the utility model provides a kind of abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding, comprises polishing steering tool 1, mainshaft mechanism 2 and abrasive Flow mechanism 3;
As shown in Figure 3, described polishing steering tool comprises that a top end opening, bottom are hemispheric hollow pipe 11, and the bottom of described hollow pipe 11 is provided with several equally distributed fine grooves 12; In polishing process, hollow pipe 11 is as the abrasive Flow runner, and abrasive Flow is gushed by these fine grooves 12, forms the abrasive particle field, realizes the polishing of mold freedom curved surface.Top end opening is provided with opening connecting portion 13, be provided with a plurality of bolt mounting holes 14 on opening connecting portion 13, opening connecting portion 13 is connected on mainshaft mechanism 2 by a plurality of bolts, leaks in order to prevent abrasive Flow, with the sealing of O RunddichtringO, therefore be designed with seal groove 15 at end face during connection.
As shown in Figure 4, described mainshaft mechanism 2 comprises housing 21, and is arranged on hollow spindle 22, axle sleeve 23, rotor 24, stator 25 and bearing 26 in housing 21; Described housing 21 is connected with multi-shaft linkage numerical control machine, and the endoporus of described hollow spindle 22 is as the abrasive Flow runner, and it is communicated with the hollow pipe 11 of polishing steering tool 1; Described axle sleeve 23 is arranged on the external cylindrical surface mid portion of hollow spindle 22, and described bearing 26 is arranged on the external cylindrical surface two end portions of hollow spindle 22, and described rotor 24 is arranged on axle sleeve 23, and described stator 25 is arranged on housing 21.Stator 25 is made of coil, produces magnetic field after energising, and rotor driven 24 rotates, and rotor 24 drives hollow spindle 22 when rotating and rotates together.Bearing 26 is used for supporting hollow spindle 22, can reduce friction when rotating simultaneously, in order to avoid produce too many heat.Housing 21 is used for supporting and contains hollow spindle 22 and other part, and is connected with the Digit Control Machine Tool slide carriage, is used for the polishing mold freedom curved surface on multi-shaft linkage numerical control machine thereby can be arranged on.In order to prevent that introduced contaminants from entering main shaft inside, prevent that simultaneously bearing grease from leaking, the end of housing 21 is provided with end cap 27 and O RunddichtringO.Housing 21 is fastenedly connected by the adjacent parts that a plurality of connecting bolts 28 will need to connect simultaneously.
The major function of mainshaft mechanism 2 is: the first, and hollow spindle 22 lower ends are used for fixing polishing steering tool 1; The second, the abrasive Flow that the abrasive Flow device is sent here is sent to polishing steering tool 1; The 3rd, producing rotating excitation field rotor driven 24 after stator 25 energisings rotates, and then drive hollow spindle 22 rotates together, hollow spindle 22 drives the polishing steering tool 1 that is arranged on its lower end and rotates together, abrasive Flow is gushed from the fine groove 12 of lower end bulb and is formed rotation abrasive particle field, micro-nano abrasive particle in rotation abrasive particle field can carry out little power, micro cutting processing to mold freedom curved surface, finally realizes the progressively polishing of mold freedom curved surface.
As shown in Figure 5, described abrasive Flow mechanism 3 comprises casing 31, agitator 32, abrasive dust absorber 33, pump 34, one-way pressure regulating valve 35, collection box 36 and connecting pipe 37; Collection box 36, casing 31, pump 34 and one-way pressure regulating valve 35 are communicated with formation abrasive Flow runner successively by connecting pipe 37; Described agitator 32 and abrasive dust absorber 33 all are arranged in casing 31; The end of described abrasive Flow runner is communicated with the hollow spindle 22 of mainshaft mechanism 2.Described casing 31 adopts the truncated cone-shaped structure, and the upper end is large, and the lower end is little, and the abrasive dust of being convenient to the polishing generation is deposited in the bottom of truncated cone-shaped casing.Described agitator 32 adopts the four teeth directionals structure that tilts, and can make upwards rolling and around the vertical axes Stirring of abrasive Flow during Stirring, thereby make stirring more even.Described abrasive dust absorber 33 is made of spiral coil, iron core and shell, will produce magnetic field after coil electricity, and the abrasive dust that adsorbable polishing generates to keep the component of abrasive Flow, adopts helical structure, more is suitable for the absorption abrasive dust; Iron core can play the enhancing magnetic fields, and shell adopts helical structure, can ensure larger surface area, and make abrasive dust more easily be attached to its surface.The bottom of casing 31 also can arrange plug 38, screws in outlet and be used for shutoff when normal operation, screws out plug 38 when needing to change abrasive Flow and is used for discharging abrasive Flow.Described pump 34 is used for abrasive Flow is transported to connecting pipe 37 from casing 31, and abrasive Flow pressure and flow velocity can be regulated, and arrives polishing steering tools 1 through hollow spindle 22, gushs at last to form rotation abrasive particle field from the fine groove 12 of polishing steering tool 1.Described one-way pressure regulating valve 35 is arranged in connecting pipe 37, is used for preventing the abrasive Flow reverse flow, keeps simultaneously the abrasive Flow in connecting pipe 37 that certain pressure is arranged.Described collection box 36 overflows for preventing that abrasive Flow from splashing, and collects and is transmitted back to casing 31 by connecting pipe 37.
The operation principle of the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding described in the utility model is:
abrasive Flow is full of hollow pipe 11, and gush by the fine groove 12 of lower end, polishing steering tool 1 is High Rotation Speed along with the rotation of hollow spindle 22, the abrasive Flow that drive is gushed from fine groove 12 is along the semispherical surface tangential motion, form the abrasive particle field of High Rotation Speed, polishing steering tool semispherical surface keeps a determining deviation with polished mold freedom curved surface all the time, fine abrasive particle High Rotation Speed in the abrasive particle field clashes into the micro-nano projection on mold freedom curved surface, little power at fine abrasive particle, under the micro cutting effect, make progressively polishing of mold freedom curved surface, obtain minute surface level surface smoothness.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and all equivalent variations of doing according to the utility model claim all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding, is characterized in that, comprises polishing steering tool, mainshaft mechanism and abrasive Flow mechanism;
Described polishing steering tool comprises that a top end opening, bottom are hemispheric hollow pipe, and the bottom of described hollow pipe is provided with several equally distributed fine grooves;
Described mainshaft mechanism comprises housing, and is arranged on hollow spindle, axle sleeve, rotor, stator and bearing in housing; Described housing is connected with multi-shaft linkage numerical control machine, and described hollow spindle is communicated with the hollow pipe of polishing steering tool; Described axle sleeve is arranged on the external cylindrical surface mid portion of hollow spindle, and described bearing is arranged on the external cylindrical surface two end portions of hollow spindle, and described rotor is arranged on axle sleeve, and described stator is arranged on housing.
Described abrasive Flow mechanism comprises casing, agitator, abrasive dust absorber, pump, one-way pressure regulating valve, collection box and connecting pipe; Collection box, casing, pump and one-way pressure regulating valve are communicated with formation abrasive Flow runner successively by connecting pipe; Described agitator and abrasive dust absorber all are arranged in casing; The end of described abrasive Flow runner is communicated with the hollow spindle of mainshaft mechanism.
2. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the hollow pipe in the hollow spindle in mainshaft mechanism and polishing steering tool is bolted.
3. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the junction of hollow spindle and hollow pipe is provided with the O RunddichtringO.
4. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the two ends up and down of described housing are provided with an end cap, and described end cap is connected with housing by bolt.
5. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described casing is the truncated cone-shaped structure.
6. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described agitator is the tilt agitators of structure of four teeth directionals.
7. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described abrasive dust absorber comprises shell, and in the enclosure spiral coil and iron core are set.
8. the abrasive Flow flowing type sit burnishing device based on the instrument guiding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the bottom of described casing is provided with a plug.
CN 201220690971 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation CN203003611U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220690971 CN203003611U (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220690971 CN203003611U (en) 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Abrasive flow spewing-typed buffing device based on tool navigation

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CN203003611U true CN203003611U (en) 2013-06-19

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102990523A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-27 孙树峰 Abrasive particle stream flowing type polishing device based on tool orientation
CN104999380A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-10-28 长春理工大学 Abrasive flow polishing device for mold processing
CN107727947A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 南京航空航天大学 A kind of device that DC electric field intensity is detected using ER fluid
CN110153708A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-23 孙树峰 A kind of spontaneous abrasive Flow Compound Machining head of laser-spraying liquid bunch and working method
CN110153707A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-23 孙树峰 A kind of spontaneous abrasive Flow complex machining device of laser-spraying liquid bunch and method
CN110744454A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-02-04 三门宣教机械设备有限公司 Abrasive flow jet machining device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102990523A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-27 孙树峰 Abrasive particle stream flowing type polishing device based on tool orientation
CN104999380A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-10-28 长春理工大学 Abrasive flow polishing device for mold processing
CN107727947A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 南京航空航天大学 A kind of device that DC electric field intensity is detected using ER fluid
CN107727947B (en) * 2017-09-30 2019-12-10 南京航空航天大学 Device for detecting DC electric field intensity by using electrorheological fluid
CN110153708A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-23 孙树峰 A kind of spontaneous abrasive Flow Compound Machining head of laser-spraying liquid bunch and working method
CN110153707A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-08-23 孙树峰 A kind of spontaneous abrasive Flow complex machining device of laser-spraying liquid bunch and method
CN110153708B (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-06-05 孙树峰 Laser-jet liquid beam self-generated abrasive flow composite machining head and working method
CN110153707B (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-06-16 孙树峰 Laser-jet liquid beam autogenous abrasive flow combined machining device and method
CN110744454A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-02-04 三门宣教机械设备有限公司 Abrasive flow jet machining device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: WENZHOU UNIVERSITY

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: SUN SHUFENG

Effective date: 20140127

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140127

Address after: 325000 Zhejiang province Chashan Wenzhou Higher Education Park

Patentee after: Wenzhou University

Address before: 325000, No. 128-66, Civil Aviation Road, Po Street, Lucheng District, Zhejiang, Wenzhou

Patentee before: Sun Shufeng

Effective date of registration: 20140127

Address after: 325000 Zhejiang province Chashan Wenzhou Higher Education Park

Patentee after: Wenzhou University

Address before: 325000, No. 128-66, Civil Aviation Road, Po Street, Lucheng District, Zhejiang, Wenzhou

Patentee before: Sun Shufeng

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20181213

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee