CN202989725U - Floor tile generating electricity by making use of pedestrians - Google Patents

Floor tile generating electricity by making use of pedestrians Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202989725U
CN202989725U CN 201220504515 CN201220504515U CN202989725U CN 202989725 U CN202989725 U CN 202989725U CN 201220504515 CN201220504515 CN 201220504515 CN 201220504515 U CN201220504515 U CN 201220504515U CN 202989725 U CN202989725 U CN 202989725U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
casing
floor tile
way valve
piston
pedestrian
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220504515
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龙文凯
陈蜀乔
Original Assignee
昆明理工大学
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Application filed by 昆明理工大学 filed Critical 昆明理工大学
Priority to CN 201220504515 priority Critical patent/CN202989725U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202989725U publication Critical patent/CN202989725U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a floor tilt, and belongs to the field of energy conservation and environment protection. The floor tilt generating electricity by making use of the pedestrians is mainly composed of a transmitting floor tilt, a protective frame and a box body, wherein the transmitting floor tilt is mounted on the upper surface of the protective frame, a lighting device is arranged between the transmitting floor tilt and the protective frame, a piston is arranged in the box body and divides the box body into an upper cavity and a lower cavity, a brace is fixed on the upper surface of the piston and penetrates through the surface of the box body in a sealing mode, the lower surface of the piston is fixedly connected with an elastic device fixed on the bottom of the box body, a power generation set is mounted on the piston, the box body is sleeved in the protective frame and is fastened to the protective frame through a upright extending from the box body, a lithium battery and a limit switch are mounted between the box body and the protective frame, the power generation set and the source formed by the lithium battery are connected in series, and the lighting device and the limit switch are connected in series. The floor tilt generating electricity by making use of pedestrians has the advantages of being simple in manufacture, low in cost, high in reliability, strong in practical applicability and the like. Especially the design concept of energy conservation and environment protection can arouse the environmental awareness of many people.

Description

The floor tile that a kind of pedestrian of utilization generates electricity

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of floor tile, and the floor tile that generates electricity of a kind of pedestrian of utilization particularly belongs to the energy-conserving and environment-protective fields.

Background technology

People recognize that never oneself step hurriedly also can create electric energy, and therefore the floor tile that generates electricity of a kind of pedestrian of utilization will be welcomed by the people.Energy-conserving and environment-protective have become current theme, also can create electric energy but people never recognize oneself step hurriedly, and therefore the floor tile that generates electricity of a kind of pedestrian of utilization will be welcomed by the people.The electricity-generating floor tile that exists at present or complex structure are difficult for making, the employing piezoelectric, cost is higher, and performance is single, electricity generate function is only arranged, therefore invent simple in structure, with low cost, generating efficiency is high, and the floor tile that a kind of pedestrian of utilization of the functions such as integrated generation, illumination generates electricity will have the great market prospect.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is: the floor tile that provides a kind of pedestrian of utilization to generate electricity, this floor tile converts the kinetic energy of pedestrian's step to electrical power storage in poly-lithium battery, and the electric energy of storage is used for the low power consuming such as illumination, alarm, lamp box advertisement field.Simultaneously this floor tile carries LED color lamp, LED illuminating lamp and photosensitive switch, and when having the people to trample floor tile, when the power conversion that the people is trampled in floor tile inside was electric energy, limit switch was opened, and the LED color lamp is lighted automatically; When the curtain of night arrived, its photosensitive switch was automatically opened and is made the LED illumination lamp ignition until daybreak.It adopts ultrathin design, has the characteristics such as manufacturing is simple, cheap, reliability is high, practical.

The solution the technical solution of the utility model is: as shown in Figure 2, design the floor tile that a kind of pedestrian of utilization generates electricity, mainly comprise printing opacity floor tile 1, protect frame 2 and casing 3, protect the upper surface of frame 2 the printing opacity floor tile is installed, printing opacity floor tile 1 and protect between frame 2 lighting device is arranged; The inside of casing 3 has piston 9 that casing 3 is divided into up and down two chambers, and pillar 4 is fixed on piston upper surface and hermetically passing casing 3 surfaces, and the soffit of piston 9 is fixedly connected with the elastic device that is fixed on casing 8 bottoms, on piston 9, TRT is installed; Casing 3 is inserted in and protects frame 2 and the column by stretching out in casing 34 is fixing, casing 3 and protect lithium battery 11 and limit switch 24 are installed between frame 2; Power supply, lighting device and limit switch 24 that TRT and lithium battery form are connected in series.When the pedestrian trampled the printing opacity floor tile, descent of piston was pressed into upper chamber with liquid or the gas of lower chambers, and the pedestrian tramples and is about to liquid or the gas of upper chamber on complete rear spring return and pushing piston and is pressed into lower chambers.In the process of liquid or gas flow, it is respectively by on piston during two Miniature impeller generatings, the generating of drive Miniature impeller generating, and sending out part electric energy is supplied with LED illuminating lamp and the LED color lamp that floor tile carries, other electrical power storage are standby or supply external circuits in lithium battery, limit switch is opened simultaneously, guarantees that the LED color lamp is lit.

The described lighting device that protects on frame 2 is the LED lamp plate, is distributed with LED illuminating lamp, LED color lamp and photosensitive switch above the LED lamp plate.

Described elastic device can be spring etc.

The TRT of installing on described piston 9 is: on piston 9, sealing is fixed with and the casing one way valve that Shang Xia 3, two chambers are communicated with, and the installation direction of different one way valves is opposite, the outlet of the one way valve turbo dynamo that all is tightly connected.

Described turbo dynamo is Miniature impeller generating, the Miniature impeller generating group, comprise housing, Miniature impeller generating, one pipeline is arranged in housing, overflow valve is arranged in pipeline, offer through hole on the duct wall of overflow valve both sides, two through hole connection a connecting pipe road, the impeller that Miniature impeller generating is arranged in connecting pipe utilizes the medium that flows in pipeline to generate electricity, so that the user is provided required electric energy.

Described one way valve is two, as shown in Figure 2, the one way valve entrance 18 of an one way valve 12 up, the one way valve entrance 18 of No. two one way valves 8 down, accordingly, Miniature impeller generating is two, one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of an one way valve 12 one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of 7, No. two one way valves 8 of the Miniature impeller generating Miniature impeller generating 10 that is tightly connected No. two that is tightly connected.

Described one way valve is comprised of one way valve entrance 18, back-moving spring 19, taper valve core 20, one way valve outlet 21.During greater than the one way valve outlet pressure, liquid or gas are entered by check valve inlet, promote taper valve core and move to the one way valve Way out, flow out through one way valve outlet 21 when one way valve entrance pressure; During less than one way valve outlet 21 place pressure, due to back-moving spring 19 effects, liquid or gas can not be entered by the one way valve exit when one way valve entrance 18 place's pressure.Two one way valves are arranged on respectively in two holes on piston, wherein the one way valve entrance 18 of an one way valve 12 up, the one way valve entrance 18 of No. two one way valves 8 is down.When the pedestrian trampled the printing opacity floor tile, the pillar pushing piston was descending, and bottom chamber pressure increases, and liquid or gas are flow to upper chamber and drive No. two Miniature impeller generating generatings through No. two Miniature impeller generatings by No. two one way valve; When the pedestrian tramples the printing opacity floor tile when complete, return effect due to spring, pillar drives piston stroking upward, and in upper chamber, pressure increases, and liquid or gas are flow to upper chamber and drive a Miniature impeller generating generating through a Miniature impeller generating by an one way valve.As shown in Figure 5.

Described limit switch 24 is common commercially available original paper, and its principle is that negative electrode 25 and anode 27 are installed on spring leaf, and isolated with insulation materials between spring leaf and dress negative electrode, anode; During place in circuit respectively with positive pole and the negative pole of negative electrode and anode place in circuit.As shown in Figure 6.

The physical circuit that described lighting device, limit switch 24, TRT and lithium battery are connected in series is (as shown in Figure 7): a Miniature impeller generating 7 and No. two outer two protection diode D1 and the D2 of jointly connecing of Miniature impeller generating 8; three large capacitor C 1, C2 and C3 in parallel between two protection diodes; form a power supply, power supply and limit switch 24, photosensitive switch 17, LED illuminating lamp 16 and LED color lamp 15 are connected in series.Capacitor C 1, C2 and C3 can store a part of electric energy, make lithium battery impaired to prevent that charging voltage from raising suddenly; When 10 generatings of Miniature impeller generating 7 and No. two Miniature impeller generatings when complete, large capacitor C 1, C2 and C3 slowly discharge for lithium cell charging with light the LED color lamp.The lithium battery power supply is connected to LED illuminating lamp and LED color lamp by photosensitive switch and limit switch respectively.When the curtain of night arrived, photosensitive switch was automatically opened and is made the LED illumination lamp ignition until daybreak; When the pedestrian trampled the printing opacity floor tile, limit switch was opened, and the LED color lamp is lighted until the pedestrian tramples rear printing opacity floor tile and got back to the equilbrium position.

Described column is 4, liquid or the gas of box house are extruded outside casing in the process that moves back and forth in order to prevent four pillars, four outer surface of column between piston and casing upper wall inboard are all installed flexible anti-fistulae 22, flexible anti-fistulae 22 1 ends and piston 9 are tightly connected, the other end and casing upper wall inboard 23 are tightly connected, it can free-extension in the process of four pillars motion, has guaranteed that four pillars are non-leakage at proper motion and the liquid of the middle piston that moves back and forth.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the kinetic energy of pedestrian's step is converted to electric energy and is stored in poly-lithium battery, and the electric energy of storage is used for the low power consuming such as illumination, alarm, lamp box advertisement field.When being used in square, public place such as study corridor etc., the LED color lamp that it carries and LED illuminating lamp can increase the warmth of environment.It adopts ultrathin design, have make simple, cheap, reliability is high, practical characteristics etc., particularly the design concept of its energy-conserving and environment-protective can be waken more people's energy-conserving and environment-protective consciousness up.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model overall appearance schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 is inner cross-sectional schematic of the present utility model;

Fig. 3 is LED lamp plate schematic diagram in the utility model;

Fig. 4 is printing opacity floor tile in the utility model, LED lamp plate and protects scheme of installation between frame;

Fig. 5 is one-way valve structures schematic diagram in the utility model;

Fig. 6 is limit switch schematic diagram in the utility model;

Fig. 7 is circuit diagram in the utility model.

in Fig. 1~7, each label represents successively: 1-printing opacity floor tile, 2-protects frame, the 3-casing, the 4-pillar, the 5-lower chambers, the 6-spring, Miniature impeller generating of 7-, No. two one way valves of 8-, the 9-piston, No. two Miniature impeller generatings of 10-, the 11-lithium battery, one way valve of 12-, 13-upper chamber, the 14-LED lamp plate, the 15-LED color lamp, the 16-LED illuminating lamp, the 17-photosensitive switch, 18-one way valve entrance, the 19-back-moving spring, the 20-taper valve core, the outlet of 21-one way valve, the flexible anti-fistulae of 22-, 23-casing upper wall is inboard, the 24-limit switch, the 25-negative electrode, the 26-anode.

The specific embodiment

The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1~7 and embodiment.

Embodiment 1: the structure of utilizing the floor tile that the pedestrian generates electricity of the present embodiment is: mainly comprise printing opacity floor tile 1, protect frame 2 and casing 3; Protect the upper surface of frame 2 the printing opacity floor tile is installed, printing opacity floor tile 1 and protect between frame 2 lighting device is arranged; The inside of casing 3 has piston 9 that casing 3 is divided into up and down two chambers, and pillar 4 is fixed on piston upper surface and hermetically passing casing 3 surfaces, and the soffit of piston 9 is fixedly connected with the elastic device that is fixed on casing 8 bottoms, on piston 9, TRT is installed; Casing 3 is inserted in and protects frame 2 and the column by stretching out in casing 34 is fixing, casing 3 and protect lithium battery 11 and limit switch 24 are installed between frame 2; Power supply, lighting device and limit switch 24 that TRT and lithium battery form are connected in series.The lighting device that protects on frame 2 is the LED lamp plate, is distributed with LED illuminating lamp, LED color lamp and photosensitive switch above the LED lamp plate.The TRT of installing on piston 9 is: on piston 9, sealing is fixed with and the casing one way valve that Shang Xia 3, two chambers are communicated with, and the installation direction of different one way valves is opposite, the outlet of the one way valve Miniature impeller generating that all is tightly connected.One way valve is two, the one way valve entrance 18 of an one way valve 12 up, the one way valve entrance 18 of No. two one way valves 8 down, accordingly, Miniature impeller generating is two, one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of an one way valve 12 Miniature impeller generating that is tightly connected No., one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of No. two one way valves 8 Miniature impeller generating that is tightly connected No. two.The physical circuit that the power supply that lighting device, limit switch 24, TRT and lithium battery form is connected in series is: a Miniature impeller generating 7 and No. two outer two protection diode D1 and the D2 of jointly connecing of Miniature impeller generating 10; and protect three capacitor C 1, C2 and C3 in parallel between diodes two; form a power supply, power supply and limit switch 24, photosensitive switch 17, LED illuminating lamp 16 and LED color lamp 15 are connected in series.

Embodiment 2: the structure of utilizing the floor tile that the pedestrian generates electricity of the present embodiment is: mainly comprise printing opacity floor tile 1, protect frame 2 and casing 3; Protect the upper surface of frame 2 the printing opacity floor tile is installed, printing opacity floor tile 1 and protect between frame 2 lighting device is arranged; The inside of casing 3 has piston 9 that casing 3 is divided into up and down two chambers, and pillar 4 is fixed on piston upper surface and hermetically passing casing 3 surfaces, and the soffit of piston 9 is fixedly connected with the elastic device that is fixed on casing 8 bottoms, on piston 9, TRT is installed; Casing 3 is inserted in and protects frame 2 and the column by stretching out in casing 34 is fixing, casing 3 and protect lithium battery 11 and limit switch 24 are installed between frame 2; Power supply, lighting device and limit switch 24 that TRT and lithium battery form are connected in series.The lighting device that protects on frame 2 is the LED lamp plate, is distributed with LED illuminating lamp, LED color lamp and photosensitive switch above the LED lamp plate.The TRT of installing on piston 9 is: on piston 9, sealing is fixed with and the casing one way valve that Shang Xia 3, two chambers are communicated with, and the installation direction of different one way valves is opposite, the outlet of the one way valve Miniature impeller generating that all is tightly connected.One way valve is two, the one way valve entrance 18 of an one way valve 12 up, the one way valve entrance 18 of No. two one way valves 8 down, accordingly, Miniature impeller generating is two, one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of an one way valve 12 Miniature impeller generating that is tightly connected No., one way valve entrance 18 correspondences of No. two one way valves 8 Miniature impeller generating that is tightly connected No. two.The physical circuit that the power supply that lighting device, limit switch 24, TRT and lithium battery form is connected in series is: a Miniature impeller generating 7 and No. two outer two protection diode D1 and the D2 of jointly connecing of Miniature impeller generating 10; and protect three capacitor C 1, C2 and C3 in parallel between diodes two; form a power supply, power supply and limit switch 24, photosensitive switch 17, LED illuminating lamp 16 and LED color lamp 15 are connected in series.Column is 4, and outer surface of column is all installed flexible anti-fistulae 22, and flexible anti-fistulae 22 1 ends and piston 9 are tightly connected, and the other end and casing upper wall inboard 23 are tightly connected.

Claims (7)

1. a floor tile that utilizes the pedestrian to generate electricity, is characterized in that: mainly comprise printing opacity floor tile (1), protect frame (2) and casing (3); Protect the upper surface of frame (2) printing opacity floor tile (1) is installed, printing opacity floor tile (1) and protect between frame (2) lighting device is arranged; The inside of casing (3) has piston (9) that casing (3) is divided into up and down two chambers, pillar (4) is fixed on piston upper surface and hermetically passing casing (3) surface, the elastic device of the soffit of piston (9) bottom being fixed on casing (8) is fixedly connected with, and piston is equipped with TRT on (9); Casing (3) is inserted in and protects frame (2) and fix by the column (4) that stretches out in casing (3), casing (3) and protect lithium battery (11) and limit switch (24) are installed between frame (2); Power supply, lighting device and limit switch (24) that TRT and lithium battery form are connected in series.
2. the floor tile that generates electricity of the pedestrian of utilization according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described lighting device that protects on frame (2) is the LED lamp plate, is distributed with LED illuminating lamp, LED color lamp and photosensitive switch above the LED lamp plate.
3. the floor tile that generates electricity of the pedestrian of utilization according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper TRT of installing of described piston (9) is: the upper sealing of piston (9) is fixed with the one way valve that is communicated with casing (3) up and down two chambers, the installation direction of different one way valves is opposite, the outlet of the one way valve turbo dynamo that all is tightly connected.
4. the floor tile that generates electricity of the pedestrian of utilization according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described turbo dynamo is Miniature impeller generating.
5. the floor tile that generates electricity of the according to claim 3 or 4 described pedestrians of utilization, it is characterized in that: described one way valve is two, the one way valve entrance (18) of an one way valve (12) up, the one way valve entrance (18) of No. two one way valves (8) down, accordingly, Miniature impeller generating is two, one way valve entrance (18) correspondence of an one way valve (12) Miniature impeller generating (7) that is tightly connected, one way valve entrance (18) correspondence of No. two one way valves (8) No. two Miniature impeller generatings (10) that are tightly connected.
6. the floor tile that generates electricity of the pedestrian of utilization according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described lighting device, limit switch (24), the physical circuit that the power supply that TRT and lithium battery form is connected in series is: outer two protection diode D1 and the D2 of jointly connecing of a Miniature impeller generating (7) and No. two Miniature impeller generatings (10), and protect three capacitor C 1 in parallel between diodes two, C2, and C3, form a power supply, power supply and limit switch (24), photosensitive switch (17), LED illuminating lamp (16) and LED color lamp (15) are connected in series.
7. the floor tile that generates electricity of the pedestrian of utilization according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described column is 4, prop up outer surface of column flexible anti-fistulae (22) all is installed, flexible anti-fistulae (22) one ends and piston (9) are tightly connected, and the other end and casing upper wall inboard (23) are tightly connected.
CN 201220504515 2012-09-29 2012-09-29 Floor tile generating electricity by making use of pedestrians CN202989725U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220504515 CN202989725U (en) 2012-09-29 2012-09-29 Floor tile generating electricity by making use of pedestrians

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220504515 CN202989725U (en) 2012-09-29 2012-09-29 Floor tile generating electricity by making use of pedestrians

Publications (1)

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CN202989725U true CN202989725U (en) 2013-06-12

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102839586A (en) * 2012-09-29 2012-12-26 昆明理工大学 Floor tile capable of generating electricity by pedestrians
CN104963258A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-07 洛阳慧宁文化传播有限公司 Floor tile
US10851807B1 (en) 2019-12-19 2020-12-01 King Abdulaziz University Energy generating system using floor tiles and fluid/gas movement

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102839586A (en) * 2012-09-29 2012-12-26 昆明理工大学 Floor tile capable of generating electricity by pedestrians
CN102839586B (en) * 2012-09-29 2015-12-02 昆明理工大学 The floor tile that a kind of pedestrian of utilization generates electricity
CN104963258A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-07 洛阳慧宁文化传播有限公司 Floor tile
US10851807B1 (en) 2019-12-19 2020-12-01 King Abdulaziz University Energy generating system using floor tiles and fluid/gas movement

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20130612

Termination date: 20140929