CN202984135U - Intelligent sorting device of potatoes - Google Patents

Intelligent sorting device of potatoes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202984135U
CN202984135U CN 201220733809 CN201220733809U CN202984135U CN 202984135 U CN202984135 U CN 202984135U CN 201220733809 CN201220733809 CN 201220733809 CN 201220733809 U CN201220733809 U CN 201220733809U CN 202984135 U CN202984135 U CN 202984135U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
potato
grade
conveyer belt
conveyer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220733809
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩仲志
熊凯
李言照
耿文善
耿琪超
陈国玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Qingdao Agricultural University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD, Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority to CN 201220733809 priority Critical patent/CN202984135U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202984135U publication Critical patent/CN202984135U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent sorting device of potatoes. The intelligent sorting device of the potatoes comprises a frame, wherein a feeding device, a grading device and a vision detecting device are arranged on the frame; the feeding device is composed of a cant blanking groove, a cleaning groove and a baffle plate conveyer belt; the discharge section of the cant blanking groove corresponds to the cleaning groove; the discharge end of the baffle plate conveyer belt corresponds to a grading conveyer belt; the feeding end is arranged inside the cleaning groove; grading equipment is composed of the grading conveyer belt, a fruit grade outlet, a grade groove, and a stepper motor; the grading conveyer belt is connected with the stepper motor through a rubber conveyer belt; the grade groove is arranged on the grading conveyer belt; the vision detecting device is composed of an industrial camera, a lamphouse, and a computer; the industrial camera is arranged inside the lamphouse and arranged at the upper part of the grading conveyer belt; and the industrial camera is electrically connected with the computer. The intelligent sorting device of the potatoes is high in efficiency, fast in speed, strong in grading objectivity, and overall to grade; and a lot of labor force is saved.

Description

A kind of potato intelligence sorting unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of potato intelligence sorting unit, specifically, relate to a kind of potato and carry out the device of classification and sorting by appearance ratings, this device adopts the method for computer vision determine the potato grade and control mechanical device and carry out the potato sorting according to the appearance images of potato.
Background technology
The selling by grade of potato helps to improve the market competitiveness of potato and increases economic benefit, at present some potato production processing enterprise mainly relies on artificial naked eyes, do some simple classifications, yet detecting with classification, this mode increased manpower, improved production cost, and production efficiency is low, and profit can not get significantly improving, and is not suitable for large-scale production and popularization.
Also have some the operatic circles manufacturing and processing enterprises to adopt size according to potato, screening plant with the large fine mesh of difference manually carries out the classification of potato, although improved greatly production efficiency, liberated the labour, but these present mechanical classification equipment can only detect the size specification of potato, and a lot of indexs of the sale rank of potato, as shape whether rule, surface whether pastiness, whether cracking scar worm-eaten is arranged, these only all can not realize according to size specification, and the device of these pure machineries can not be completed the accurate sorting of a plurality of indexs simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Deficiency for the prior art existence, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, a kind of cleaning, Accurate Classification and vanning that can realize that the overall process prosthetic participates in is provided, efficient is high, speed is fast, the classification objectivity is strong, classification is comprehensive, saves the potato intelligence sorting unit of a large amount of hand labor power.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of potato intelligence sorting unit, comprise frame, and feeding device, grading plant and vision inspection apparatus are set on described frame; Described feeding device is by allowing the inclined-plane blanking groove under the potato automatic sliding, rinse bath and the baffle plate conveyer belt that is used for cleaning potato to consist of; Described inclined-plane blanking groove discharging portion is corresponding with rinse bath, and the discharge end of described baffle plate conveyer belt is corresponding with sorting conveyer, and its feed end is located in rinse bath; Described classifying equipoment is made of sorting conveyer, the outlet of fruit grade, grade groove, stepping motor, described sorting conveyer is connected with stepping motor by Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap, be provided with on sorting conveyer from the outlet of described fruit grade corresponding according to the grade groove of different size grade from different fruit grade outlet landings; Described vision inspection apparatus is made of industrial camera, lamp box, computer, and described industrial camera is located in lamp box and is located at sorting conveyer top, and described industrial camera is electrically connected to computer.
Above-mentioned potato intelligence sorting unit, described baffle plate conveyer belt is formed each other the conveying trough that transports single potato and is formed by conveyer belt and the conveyer belt surface be located at straggly, and described conveying trough surrounds by baffle plate.
Above-mentioned potato intelligence sorting unit, described fruit grade outlet comprise along the tactic first-class fruit outlet of described sorting conveyer carriage direction, the outlet of second-class fruit, the outlet of third-class fruit, the fourth class and really exporting.
Above-mentioned potato intelligence sorting unit is provided with the substandard products sorting mechanism between described vision inspection apparatus and the outlet of fruit grade, and described substandard products sorting mechanism is electrically connected to vision inspection apparatus.
Above-mentioned potato intelligence sorting unit, described substandard products sorting mechanism is by being located at substandard products sorting air gun sorting conveyer both sides, that be electrically connected to computer and being located at described sorting conveyer below and sorting substandard products feeder corresponding to air gun with substandard products and form.
Above-mentioned potato intelligence sorting unit, described lamp box inside are provided with the LED lighting source, and the lamp box inwall scribbles sub-gloss varnish.
The advantage of the utility model potato intelligence sorting unit is: potato intelligence sorting unit of the present utility model, adopt the method for computer vision and the intelligent classification that intelligent screening installation is realized potato, described device can realize that the overall process prosthetic participates in the potato classification and sorting, efficient is high, speed is fast, the classification objectivity is strong, classification is comprehensive, saves a large amount of hand labor power.Realize the automatic sorting of a plurality of indexs of potato by Automatic Control, and can extract the potato appearance images of motion fast, pass through industrial camera, it is more objective that appearance information extracts, identify appearance information, quality grading by computer, science and objective, be applied to industrial production more, improved production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model potato intelligence sorting unit.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further details;
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of potato intelligence sorting unit comprises frame 1, and feeding device 2, grading plant 3 and vision inspection apparatus 4 are set on frame 1; Feeding device 2 is by allowing the inclined-plane blanking groove 21 under the potato automatic sliding, rinse bath 22 and the baffle plate conveyer belt 23 that is used for cleaning potato to consist of; The discharging portion 211 of inclined-plane blanking groove 21 is corresponding with rinse bath 22, and the discharge end 231 of baffle plate conveyer belt 23 is corresponding with sorting conveyer 31, and its feed end 232 is located in rinse bath 22; Inclined-plane blanking groove 21 is the inclined-plane with the horizontal plane certain angle, potato can be by under inclined-plane blanking groove 21 automatic slidings, landing is in rinse bath 22, the water of rapid flow is housed in rinse bath 22, potato can be cleaned, after cleaning is completed, by baffle plate conveyer belt 23, potato be transported one by one to classifying equipoment, baffle plate conveyer belt 23 is comprised of conveyer belt 24 and the baffle plate 26 of being located at conveyer belt 24 surfaces straggly, and this baffle plate 26 forms the conveying trough 25 that transports single potato each other.Baffle plate conveyer belt 23 installation straggly on common steel conveyer belt 24 has guaranteed to carry on each baffle plate 26 potato and has sent classifying equipoment to.
Classifying equipoment 3 is made of sorting conveyer 31, fruit grade outlet 32, grade groove 33, stepping motor 34, decelerator 35 and frequency converter 36, sorting conveyer 31 is connected with stepping motor 34 by Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap 37, is provided with on sorting conveyer 31 from the fruit grade and exports the 32 corresponding grade grooves 33 of 32 landings that export from different fruit grades according to the different size grade;
Be provided with substandard products sorting mechanism 5 between vision inspection apparatus 4 and fruit grade outlet 32, substandard products sorting mechanism 5 is by being located at substandard products sorting air gun 51 sorting conveyer 31 both sides, that be electrically connected to computer 43 and being located at sorting conveyer 31 belows and sorting substandard products feeder 52 corresponding to air gun 51 with substandard products and form.sorting conveyer 31 by etc. the steel roller bearing once arranged of rugosity consist of, airtight arrangement below vision inspection apparatus 4, guarantee that potato can not fall by the gap, after vision inspection apparatus 4, at first according to the substandard products of outward appearance integrated level with vision inspection apparatus 4 judgements, sorting air gun 51 by substandard products blows off substandard products in substandard products feeder 52, then the Carrot Roots of normal level exports 32 landings according to the different size grade from different fruit grades, fruit grade outlet 32 can arrange a plurality of, it comprises along the tactic first-class fruit outlet of the carriage direction of sorting conveyer 31, second-class fruit outlet, third-class fruit outlet, the fourth class really exports, the gap of corresponding steel roller enlarges gradually.Whole roller bearing forms a conveyer belt, rotates around roller under the drive of stepping motor 34.Baffle plate conveyer belt 23 and sorting conveyer 31 rotate under the drive of stepping motor 34, and stepping motor 34 is connected with decelerator 35 and frequency converter 36, can regulate the speed speed of rotation.Sorting conveyer 31 structures are the ball conveyer belt, and this ball conveyer belt is arranged by a plurality of roller bearings 311 and consisted of.vision inspection apparatus 4 is by industrial camera, lamp box, computer consists of, industrial camera is located in lamp box and is located at sorting conveyer top, described industrial camera is electrically connected to computer, industrial camera is the colored CCD industrial camera, camera is arranged in lamp box, lamp box inside is equipped with LED lighting source etc., the lamp box inwall scribbles sub-gloss varnish, guarantee that as far as possible inside is diffuse environment, industrial camera is connected with computer, the potato image that camera gathers is automatically passed to computer automatically, image through computer is processed and recognizer, provide the class information of potato, control different substandard products air guns with bad part eject by controller, and the outlet by different brackets of the potato of different brackets is skidded off, realize sorting.Industrial camera is at least one.
The specific works process is: the potato after adopting is from 21 landings of inclined-plane blanking groove, landing is in rinse bath 22, the water under high pressure that rapid flow is arranged in rinse bath 22, potato is cleaned, then baffle plate conveyer belt 23 rotates under the drive of stepping motor 34, potato single stepped transmission band 31 that sends to successively under the effect of baffle plate 26; Then enter in lamp box, the picture of the industrial camera automatic shooting potato of lamp box top, and send picture to computer, computer judges the grade of corresponding potato according to the method for vision-based detection, and control substandard products and sort air gun 51 and different grade classification mouths, the potato of different quality grades is sorted in different grade grooves 33, completes grading.
Industrial camera in the present embodiment vision inspection apparatus is connected with computer, computer will carry out Intelligent treatment according to the potato image that industrial camera obtains, provide class information, then according to grade output control grading control equipment, and by grading control equipment, the potato classification is exported.Described computer is the known common computer of using of those skilled in the art, therefore do not show in the drawings.
Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not to be to restriction of the present utility model, and the utility model also is not limited to above-mentioned giving an example; those skilled in the art; in essential scope of the present utility model, the variation of making, remodeling, interpolation or replacement all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a potato intelligence sorting unit, comprise frame, it is characterized in that: feeding device, grading plant and vision inspection apparatus are set on described frame;
Described feeding device is by allowing the inclined-plane blanking groove under the potato automatic sliding, rinse bath and the baffle plate conveyer belt that is used for cleaning potato to consist of; Described inclined-plane blanking groove discharging portion is corresponding with rinse bath, and the discharge end of described baffle plate conveyer belt is corresponding with sorting conveyer, and its feed end is located in rinse bath;
Described classifying equipoment is made of sorting conveyer, the outlet of fruit grade, grade groove, stepping motor, described sorting conveyer is connected with stepping motor by Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap, be provided with on sorting conveyer from the outlet of described fruit grade corresponding according to the grade groove of different size grade from different fruit grade outlet landings;
Described vision inspection apparatus is made of industrial camera, lamp box, computer, and described industrial camera is located in lamp box and is located at sorting conveyer top, and described industrial camera is electrically connected to computer.
2. potato according to claim 1 intelligence sorting unit is characterized in that: described baffle plate conveyer belt is formed each other the conveying trough that transports single potato and is formed by conveyer belt and the conveyer belt surface be located at straggly, and described conveying trough surrounds by baffle plate.
3. potato according to claim 2 intelligence sorting unit is characterized in that: described fruit grade outlet comprises along the tactic first-class fruit outlet of described sorting conveyer carriage direction, the outlet of second-class fruit, the outlet of third-class fruit, the fourth class and really exporting.
4. potato according to claim 3 intelligence sorting unit, it is characterized in that: described vision inspection apparatus is provided with the substandard products sorting mechanism between exporting with the fruit grade, and described substandard products sorting mechanism is electrically connected to vision inspection apparatus.
5. potato according to claim 4 intelligence sorting unit is characterized in that: described substandard products sorting mechanism is by being located at substandard products sorting air gun sorting conveyer both sides, that be electrically connected to computer and being located at described sorting conveyer below and sorting substandard products feeder corresponding to air gun with substandard products and form.
6. potato according to claim 5 intelligence sorting unit is characterized in that: described lamp box inside is provided with the LED lighting source, and the lamp box inwall scribbles sub-gloss varnish.
CN 201220733809 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Intelligent sorting device of potatoes Expired - Fee Related CN202984135U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220733809 CN202984135U (en) 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Intelligent sorting device of potatoes

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220733809 CN202984135U (en) 2012-12-19 2012-12-19 Intelligent sorting device of potatoes

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056790A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Intelligent potato sorting method and apparatus
CN104415931A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 江苏九寿堂生物制品有限公司 Feeding and cleaning device of lobster classifying and screening machine
CN104668199A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-06-03 浙江大学 Automatic fruit grading device based on machine vision and bio-speckle
CN104941922A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-30 浙江大学 Potato grading control method and device based on machine vision technology
CN106180001A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-07 福建农林大学 Class spherical nut Non-Destructive Testing classification conveyer device and control method thereof
CN106238342A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 郑州轻工业学院 The sorting of panoramic vision Rhizoma Solani tuber osi and defect detecting device and sorting detection method thereof
CN106881274A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-06-23 亳州市永刚饮片厂有限公司 The stage division and hierarchy system of a kind of moutan bark
CN111977252A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-11-24 怀化市文理生物资源开发有限公司 Yellow ginger washs loading attachment

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056790A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Intelligent potato sorting method and apparatus
CN104415931A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 江苏九寿堂生物制品有限公司 Feeding and cleaning device of lobster classifying and screening machine
CN104668199A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-06-03 浙江大学 Automatic fruit grading device based on machine vision and bio-speckle
CN104941922A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-30 浙江大学 Potato grading control method and device based on machine vision technology
CN104941922B (en) * 2015-06-25 2017-04-26 浙江大学 Potato grading control device based on machine vision technology
CN106238342A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 郑州轻工业学院 The sorting of panoramic vision Rhizoma Solani tuber osi and defect detecting device and sorting detection method thereof
CN106238342B (en) * 2016-09-14 2018-05-15 郑州轻工业学院 Panoramic vision potato sorts and defect detecting device and its sorting detection method
CN106180001A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-07 福建农林大学 Class spherical nut Non-Destructive Testing classification conveyer device and control method thereof
CN106881274A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-06-23 亳州市永刚饮片厂有限公司 The stage division and hierarchy system of a kind of moutan bark
CN111977252A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-11-24 怀化市文理生物资源开发有限公司 Yellow ginger washs loading attachment

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130612

Termination date: 20131219

C17 Cessation of patent right