CN202978759U - Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply - Google Patents

Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202978759U
CN202978759U CN2012205771717U CN201220577171U CN202978759U CN 202978759 U CN202978759 U CN 202978759U CN 2012205771717 U CN2012205771717 U CN 2012205771717U CN 201220577171 U CN201220577171 U CN 201220577171U CN 202978759 U CN202978759 U CN 202978759U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sleeve
worm
fixed
worm screw
solar panels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012205771717U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈兴文
刘燕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dalian Minzu University
Original Assignee
Dalian Nationalities University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dalian Nationalities University filed Critical Dalian Nationalities University
Priority to CN2012205771717U priority Critical patent/CN202978759U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202978759U publication Critical patent/CN202978759U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply. The provided automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply can automatically track the position of the sun and improves the utilization efficiency of a solar panel. Compared with a fixed photovoltaic system, the generating capacity is improved about 40%, thus the total generating capacity is greatly improved. According to the key points of the technical scheme, the automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply comprises a support frame, a steering mechanism, an inclination mechanism, a solar panel assembly, a position acquisition module and a data processing module. The steering mechanism is arranged on the support frame (12). The steering mechanism is composed of an integral drive motor (11) with a reducer, a worm gear (3), a worm (2), a mounting frame (1), a thrust bearing (18) and a sleeve (4). The mounting frame (1) is fixedly arranged on the support frame (12). The integral drive motor (11) with the reducer is in coaxial connection with the worm (2).

Description

A kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of street lamp power supply, road lamp power supply power supply, particularly a kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply.
Background technology
Modern society, energy scarcity and environmental pollution are the severeest problems of facing mankind.And the development and utilization of green energy resource not only can be alleviated the energy scarcity problem, and can protection of the environment.The solar energy reserves are abundant, are easy to gather, and be extraordinary green energy resource.The solar energy total amount is equivalent to more than 10,000 times of the energy that the present mankind utilize, if can reasonably utilize this energy, not only can produce very huge economic benefit, and also be significant for protection of the environment.But because the energy density of solar energy is low, and it also vary in different localities, because of the time become.Experimental results show that most effective, the electric energy of generation is maximum when sunlight vertical irradiation solar panels.The solar panels that are used at present gathering solar energy are all changeless, and from morning to night As time goes on its position is also constantly changing the sun every day, so the efficient that existing fixed solar panels gather illumination is lower.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has overcome shortcoming of the prior art, and a kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply is provided.
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply comprises bracing frame 12, steering mechanism, leaning device, solar panels assembly, station acquisition module and data processing module 19;
steering mechanism is arranged on bracing frame 12, steering mechanism is by the drive motors 11 of integral type with decelerator, worm gear 3, worm screw 2, installing rack 1, thrust bearing 18 and sleeve 4 form, installing rack 1 is fixed on bracing frame 12, integral type connects with worm screw 2 is coaxial with the drive motors 11 of decelerator, worm screw 2 is arranged on respectively in two pipe fitting 14A and 14B by two bearings, two pipe fitting 14A and 14B are fixed on installing rack 1, worm gear 3 is fixed on sleeve 4, sleeve 4 is arranged on the montant of bracing frame 12 by bearing 13, sleeve 4 is free to rotate with respect to the montant of bracing frame 12, thrust bearing 18 is installed between worm gear 3 and installing rack, worm screw 2 is meshed with worm gear 3,
The solar panels assembly comprises support bar 8, support body 9 and solar panels 10, and solar panels 10 are fixed on support body 9, and support body 9 is fixed on support bar 8;
Leaning device is comprised of drive motors 16, worm gear 7, worm screw 6 and the sleeve 5 of integral type with decelerator, integral type connects with worm screw 6 is coaxial with the drive motors 16 of decelerator, worm screw 6 is arranged on respectively in two pipe fitting 17A and 17B by two bearings 15, two pipe fitting 17A and 17B are fixed on sleeve 4, sleeve 5 is fixed on sleeve 4, support bar 8 is arranged in sleeve 5 and can freely rotates relative to sleeve 5 by bearing, worm gear 7 is fixed on support bar 8, and worm gear 7 is meshed with worm screw 6;
Station acquisition module and data processing module 19 are installed on support body 8.
The station acquisition module is for detection of the orientation angles of the sun and the height on relative ground, and the data that detect are sent to the Data Control processing module, the Data Control processing module is carried out data and is processed, judge whether the solar panels positions becomes the relative position relation of an angle of 90 degrees with the solar light irradiation direction, then the action command data are delivered to respectively steering mechanism and leaning device, realize that the position of solar panels becomes vertical relation all the time with direction of illumination.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, a kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply that the utility model provides, compared with prior art its beneficial effect is: position that not only can automatic sun-tracking, also can be according to daytime different time sections or four seasons asynchronism(-nization), the relative ground level of the sun is different, can the real time coordination altitude of the sun, make the solar panels all the time can be over against the sun, and become an angle of 90 degrees with solar light irradiation.Shine upon the whether data-signal vertical with solar panels of position by detection, be delivered to the Data Control processing module, the Data Control processing module is through processing judgement, send the command signal of adjusting the solar panels position, instruction is finally carried out by motor, motor rotates corresponding angle according to instruction, finally reaches optimum angle position.Improve like this utilization ratio of solar panels, with fixedly photovoltaic systematic comparison, improved energy output greater than 40%, greatly increased total energy output.Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is steering mechanism and leaning device schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is steering mechanism and leaning device scheme of installation;
Fig. 4 is steering mechanism and leaning device enlarged diagram
Fig. 5 is the Worm and worm-wheel gearing structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the solar panels scheme of installations;
Fig. 7 is the utility model embodiment single chip machine controlling circuit figure.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic light tracking solar street light power supply comprises bracing frame, steering mechanism, leaning device, solar panels assembly, station acquisition module and data processing module;
Steering mechanism and leaning device are motor, reductor and Worm and worm-wheel gearing, and its effect is for solar panels rotations and provides power when adjusting angle, completes two rotary freedoms in the space.
Follow the sun from the worm and gear of east orientation west deflection for adjusting solar panels.Worm gear is around the vertical bar rotation perpendicular to ground.as shown in Figure 2, steering mechanism is arranged on bracing frame, steering mechanism is by the drive motors of integral type with decelerator, worm gear, worm screw, installing rack, thrust bearing 18 and sleeve form, installing rack 1 is fixed on bracing frame 12, integral type connects with worm screw 2 is coaxial with the drive motors 11 of decelerator, worm screw 2 is arranged on respectively in two pipe fitting 14A and 14B by two rolling bearings, two pipe fitting 14A and 14B are fixed on installing rack 1, worm gear 3 is fixed on sleeve 4, rolling bearing 13 is installed in sleeve 4, rolling bearing inner ring is fixed on the montant of bracing frame 12, sleeve 4 can freely be rotated with respect to the montant of bracing frame 12, thrust bearing 18 is installed between worm gear 3 and installing rack, worm screw 2 is meshed with worm gear 3, therefore, when worm screw 2 is rotated, drive the worm gear 3 that is welded on sleeve and rotate, make whole solar panels support rotate.
The parameter of turbine 3 is: modulus is 2; Endoporus: 40mm; Overall diameter: 68mm thickness: 20mm;
The parameter of worm screw 2 is: modulus is 2, overall length: 240mm; The external diameter of tooth: 28mm; The diameter of axle: 21mm; The length of tooth: 30mm.
Integral type is little with the drive motors power of decelerator, consume energy low, when integral type with the drive motors of decelerator when accepting the order that central control processor transmits, integral type is with the drive motors action of decelerator, transmission of power is arrived reductor, reductor increases moment of torsion, then drives whole solar panels support by Worm and worm-wheel gearing and makes corresponding rotation.
One of characteristic of Worm and worm-wheel gearing is to have self-locking performance; when the lead angle of worm screw during less than the equivalent friction angle of meshing wheel between cog; mechanism has self-locking performance; can realize reverse self-locking; namely can only drive worm gear by worm screw; and can not be by the worm gear drives worm screw, its reverse self-locking can play the safeguard protection effect.
As shown in Figure 6, the solar panels assembly comprises support bar, support body and solar panels, and solar panels are fixed on support body, and erection of frames is fixed on support bar;
as Fig. 3-shown in Figure 5, leaning device is by the drive motors 16 of integral type with decelerator, worm gear 7, worm screw 6 and sleeve 5 form, integral type connects with worm screw 6 is coaxial with the drive motors 16 of decelerator, worm screw 6 is arranged on respectively in two pipe fitting 17A and 17B by two rolling bearings 15, two pipe fitting 17A and 17B are fixed on sleeve 4, sleeve 5 is fixed on sleeve 4, in sleeve 5, rolling bearing is installed, rolling bearing inner ring is fixed on support bar 8, support bar 6 can freely be rotated relative to sleeve 5, worm gear 7 is fixed on support bar 8, worm gear 7 is meshed with worm screw 6, when worm screw is rotated, can drive the worm gear that is welded on the solar panels rack cross-bar, finally make solar panels can adjust angle with ground.
The parameter of turbine 7 is: modulus is 2; Endoporus: 25mm; Overall diameter: 55mm thickness: 20mm;
The parameter of worm screw 6 is: modulus is 2, overall length: 200mm; The external diameter of tooth: 28mm; The diameter of axle: 21mm; The length of tooth: 36mm.
As shown in Figure 1, station acquisition module and data processing module 19 are installed on support body 8.Checkout gear must be exposed on the outside, and illumination can be detected.
The station acquisition module is comprised of four light sensors and signal lamp, and it is arranged evenly that light sensor is pressed the East, West, South, North four direction.Light sensor is selected the GL5616 photo resistance, this is because it belongs to the optical semiconductor sensing device, remove tool highly sensitive, reaction speed is fast, low in energy consumption, outside the characteristics such as spectral characteristic and r value high conformity, under high temperature, many wet adverse circumstances, stability and the reliability of height can also be kept, the solar radiation angle can be used for being applied to monitor fully.When the sun is in different orientation and different position height, receive sunlight by the light sensor of correspondence.The main effect of light sensor is the identification light source position, and light signal is converted into the corresponding signal of telecommunication.
As shown in Figure 7, the Data Control processing module adopts single chip machine controlling circuit, and it is mainly processed and judge the detection data of light sensor, is the control centre of whole solar panels intelligent tracking system.After single chip machine controlling circuit receives the detection data, judge, when the location deflection of the sun, it will send control command, solar panels are adjusted the angle between solar panels and ground from the motion tracking solar irradiation, make solar panels face all the time the sun, can improve the efficient that solar panels are accepted solar irradiation like this, make solar panels produce more electric energy.
when the light sensor in position of sun height acquisition module detects the orientation angles of the sun and relatively during the height on ground, data are sent to central control processor, central processing unit carries out data to be processed, judge whether the solar panels positions becomes the 90 vertical relative position relations of degree with the solar light irradiation direction, then the data after judging are delivered to the drive motors of rotating mechanism and leaning device, control the action of two drive motors with this, the power of drive motors output amplifies moment of torsion by decelerator, and then moment of torsion is passed to the worm and gear mechanical transmission mechanism, worm and gear rotates corresponding angle, the position of finally realizing solar panels becomes relative vertical all the time with direction of illumination.
when the light sensor in the station acquisition module detects the orientation angles of the sun and relatively during the height on ground, data are sent to central control processor, central processing unit carries out data to be processed, judge whether the solar panels positions becomes the 90 vertical relative position relations of degree with the solar light irradiation direction, then the data after judging are delivered to motor, control motor action with this, the power of motor output amplifies moment of torsion by decelerator, and then moment of torsion is passed to the worm and gear mechanical transmission mechanism, worm and gear rotates corresponding angle, the position of finally realizing solar panels becomes relative vertical all the time with direction of illumination.

Claims (1)

1. an automatic light tracking solar street light power supply, comprise bracing frame (12), steering mechanism, leaning device, solar panels assembly, station acquisition module and data processing module (19), it is characterized in that:
steering mechanism is arranged on bracing frame (12), steering mechanism is by the drive motors (11) of integral type with decelerator, worm gear (3), worm screw (2), installing rack (1), thrust bearing (18) and sleeve (4) form, installing rack (1) is fixed on bracing frame (12), integral type is with the drive motors (11) and coaxial connection of worm screw (2) of decelerator, worm screw (2) by two bearings be arranged on respectively two pipe fittings (14A) and (14B) in, two pipe fittings (14A) and (14B) be fixed on installing rack (1), worm gear (3) is fixed on sleeve (4), sleeve (4) is arranged on the montant of bracing frame (12) by bearing (13), sleeve (4) is free to rotate with respect to the montant of bracing frame (12), thrust bearing (18) is installed between worm gear (3) and installing rack, worm screw (2) is meshed with worm gear (3),
The solar panels assembly comprises support bar (8), support body (9) and solar panels (10), and solar panels (10) are fixed on support body (9), and support body (9) is fixed on support bar (8);
leaning device is by the drive motors (16) of integral type with decelerator, worm gear (7), worm screw (6) and sleeve (5) form, integral type is with the drive motors (16) and coaxial connection of worm screw (6) of decelerator, worm screw (6) by two bearings (15) be arranged on respectively two pipe fittings (17A) and (17B) in, two pipe fittings (17A) and (17B) be fixed on sleeve (4), sleeve (5) is fixed on sleeve (4), support bar (8) is arranged in sleeve (5) and can freely rotates relative to sleeve (5) by bearing, worm gear (7) is fixed on support bar (8), worm gear (7) is meshed with worm screw (6),
Station acquisition module and data processing module (19) are installed on support body (8).
CN2012205771717U 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply Expired - Fee Related CN202978759U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205771717U CN202978759U (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205771717U CN202978759U (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202978759U true CN202978759U (en) 2013-06-05

Family

ID=48519781

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012205771717U Expired - Fee Related CN202978759U (en) 2012-11-06 2012-11-06 Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202978759U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102931881A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-13 大连民族学院 Solar street lamp power supply capable of automatically following light
CN108242914A (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-07-03 刘伯安 A kind of method and device of solar energy conversion

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102931881A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-13 大连民族学院 Solar street lamp power supply capable of automatically following light
CN108242914A (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-07-03 刘伯安 A kind of method and device of solar energy conversion

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203057028U (en) Wind-light complementary road lamp power-supplying power source based on solar panel intelligent light tracking
CN102929294A (en) Power supply of wind-solar hybrid street light based on intelligent light tracking of solar panel
CN201207625Y (en) Photovoltaic electricity generating device having sun tracing function
CN102778896B (en) Automatic solar tracking device
CN103412578B (en) A kind of sun power ecliptic tracker
US20110168241A1 (en) Photo-Voltaic Power Generation Equipment that Can Automatically Track the Sun
KR100715040B1 (en) Solar power plant having solar tracking apparatus
CN202275327U (en) Solar automatic tracking driving device
WO2012048640A1 (en) Laterally-adjusted automatic solar energy tracking device
CN204203774U (en) A kind of all-weather solar autotracker
CN202838034U (en) Automatic sun tracking system
CN103901900A (en) Solar energy all-dimensional automatic tracker
CN102637041A (en) Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system
CN201830176U (en) Double-shaft photovoltaic generator capable of tracking solar energy
CN202978759U (en) Automatic light tracking solar street lamp power supply
CN105245178A (en) Photovoltaic power generation device automatically tracking sun
CN206041907U (en) Realize photovoltaic support of best angle of incidence of auto -tracing sunshine
CN201467010U (en) Solar tracking device for installing solar photovoltaic component
CN201821298U (en) Photosensitive single-shaft tracking solar photovoltaic power generator
CN102931881A (en) Solar street lamp power supply capable of automatically following light
CN203518285U (en) Roller type sunlight tracking heat collecting device
CN103149945A (en) Sun azimuth tracking control system
CN107024942B (en) Intelligent photovoltaic power generation equipment
CN2906469Y (en) Polar axis type heliotactic tracking mechanism
CN201965490U (en) Solar energy tracker used for solar energy tracking system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130605

Termination date: 20131106