CN202975834U - Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation - Google Patents

Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202975834U
CN202975834U CN 201220647324 CN201220647324U CN202975834U CN 202975834 U CN202975834 U CN 202975834U CN 201220647324 CN201220647324 CN 201220647324 CN 201220647324 U CN201220647324 U CN 201220647324U CN 202975834 U CN202975834 U CN 202975834U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar tracking
stepper motor
solar
tracking
plc controller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220647324
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡剑峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220647324 priority Critical patent/CN202975834U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202975834U publication Critical patent/CN202975834U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation. The solar tracking system comprises a solar tracking mechanism and a solar tracking control system. The solar tracking mechanism comprises a supporting device which is installed on the ground and a supporting base which is installed on the supporting device; a bearing, a first stepping motor and a reducer are installed on the supporting base, a polar shaft is installed on the bearing, a connection block and a fixing sleeve are installed on the polar shaft, a light concentrating device is connected onto the connection block, a second stepping motor is installed on the fixing sleeve, a lead screw is connected onto the second stepping motor, a lead screw nut is connected onto the lead screw, and a Stirling unit bracket is installed on the light concentrating device. The solar tracking control system comprises a PLC controller module, a touch type liquid crystal display screen, a power supply battery, a sun azimuth sensor, a wind speed sensor, a wind direction sensor, a first stepping motor driver and a second stepping motor driver. According to the utility model, advantages of reasonable design, high sensitivity, high solar tracking accuracy and high solar energy utilization rate can be realized, and the phenomenon of error tracking is not easy to cause.

Description

A kind of disc type solar energy heat generating solar tracking system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar energy generation technology field, especially relates to a kind of disc type solar energy heat generating solar tracking system.
Background technology
Be subject to the impact of the natural conditions such as weather, latitude, longitude due to the sunlight that is radiated ground, exist the constantly problem of variation of low-density, intermittence, space distribution, no matter be to solar energy power generating or solar energy thermal-power-generating, can utilize the key of sun power to be the quality of sun optically focused and tracking level by economical and efficient.The relation of sunshine angle and sun power acceptance rate has been studied by Architecture Department of Hong Kong University, and theoretical analysis shows: the tracking of the sun and non-tracking, the acceptance rate of energy differs 37.7%.The tracking sun at scenic spot can make the thermal efficiency of receiver greatly improve, and then has improved the solar energy utilization ratio of solar power system, has widened the field that utilizes of sun power.
U.S. Blackace developed the single shaft sun tracker in 1997, completed east-west direction from motion tracking, North and South direction is by manual adjustments, the hot joining yield of receiver has improved 15%.Because single shaft tracking apparatus generally can only be realized the solar tracking of east-west direction, and can not the change of pitch angle of the North and South direction of the sun be carried out from motion tracking, so the sun power acceptance rate is still lower comparatively speaking.Neville has carried out theoretical analysis to the sun power receiving efficiency of double-axis tracking and single shaft tracking apparatus respectively, the research discovery, and the receiving efficiency of double-axis tracking device improves 5~10% than single shaft tracking apparatus.In recent years, along with the development of control technology and the continuous reduction of controlling cost, realization has become research and the focus that uses to the double-axis tracking technology of the accurate tracking of solar azimuth and elevation angle.Although position angle-height angie type double-axis tracking can be realized tracking accuracy, physical construction is more complicated, and system cost is high, and position angle and elevation angle motor action are frequent, and energy consumption is higher, and elevation angle and position angle calculating are more complicated etc.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provides the generating of a kind of disc type solar energy heat to use solar tracking system, and it is simple in structure, reasonable in design, it is convenient to realize, intelligent degree is high, and is highly sensitive, the tracking accuracy of the sun is high, be not easy to cause tracking error, solar energy utilization ratio is high, and is practical, result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of disc type solar energy heat generating solar tracking system, it is characterized in that: comprise solar tracking mechanism and be used for solar tracking mechanism is carried out the solar tracking control system of Based Intelligent Control, described solar tracking mechanism comprises by foot bolt and is fixedly mounted on ground bracing or strutting arrangement and is arranged on supporting seat on described bracing or strutting arrangement by bolt, on described supporting seat, bearing is installed, the first stepper motor and the speed reduction unit that joins with the first stepper motor, the quantity of described bearing is on two and two described bearings, pole axis to be installed, described reducer output shaft is connected with pole axis by shaft coupling, contiguous block and fixed cover are installed on described pole axis, be connected with beam condensing unit on described contiguous block, the second stepper motor is installed on described fixed cover, be connected with leading screw on the output shaft of described the second stepper motor, be connected with the feed screw nut that is fixedly connected with described beam condensing unit on described leading screw, the Stirling-electric hybrid pack support is installed on described beam condensing unit, described solar tracking control system comprises PLC controller module and the touch LCD screen that joins with the PLC controller module, and be the supplying cell of PLC controller module and touch LCD screen power supply, the input end of described PLC controller module is connected to azimuth sensor, air velocity transducer and wind transducer, the output terminal of described PLC controller module is connected to the first stepper motor driver and the second stepper motor driver, the output terminal of described the first stepper motor and described the first stepper motor driver joins, the output terminal of described the second stepper motor and described the second stepper motor driver joins.
Solar tracking system is used in the generating of above-mentioned a kind of disc type solar energy heat, it is characterized in that: the latitude of the angle between described pole axis and horizontal line and described solar tracking system present position is identical.
Solar tracking system is used in above-mentioned a kind of disc type solar energy heat generating, and it is characterized in that: described Stirling-electric hybrid pack support is made of triangular truss.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, of the present utility model simple in structure, reasonable in design, it is convenient to realize.
2, of the present utility modelly realize that cost is relatively low, consume energy low, preparation has the solar tracking control system, has realized the full-automatic tracking to the sun, and intelligent degree is high, uses simple operation.
3, manufacture craft of the present utility model is simple, and is highly sensitive, and the tracking accuracy of the sun is high, is not easy to cause tracking error, and solar energy utilization ratio is high.
4, of the present utility model practical, result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
In sum, the utility model is simple in structure, and is reasonable in design, and it is convenient to realize, intelligent degree is high, and is highly sensitive, and the tracking accuracy of the sun is high, is not easy to cause tracking error, and solar energy utilization ratio is high, and is practical, and result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model solar tracking mechanism.
Fig. 2 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the utility model solar tracking control system.
Description of reference numerals:
1-beam condensing unit; 2-contiguous block; The 3-the first stepper motor;
4-speed reduction unit; 5-shaft coupling; 6-bolt;
7-bracing or strutting arrangement; 8-foot bolt; The 9-the second stepper motor;
10-fixed cover; 11-pole axis; 12-bearing;
13-leading screw; 14-feed screw nut; 15-Stirling-electric hybrid pack support;
16-supporting seat; 17-PLC controller module;
18-touch LCD screen; 19-supplying cell;
20-azimuth sensor; 21-air velocity transducer; 22-wind transducer;
The 23-the first stepper motor driver; The 24-the second stepper motor driver.
Embodiment
as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model comprises solar tracking mechanism and is used for solar tracking mechanism is carried out the solar tracking control system of Based Intelligent Control, described solar tracking mechanism comprises by foot bolt 8 and is fixedly mounted on ground bracing or strutting arrangement 7 and is arranged on supporting seat 16 on described bracing or strutting arrangement 7 by bolt 6, on described supporting seat 16, bearing 12 is installed, the first stepper motor 3 and the speed reduction unit 4 that joins with the first stepper motor 3, the quantity of described bearing 12 is on two and two described bearings 12, pole axis 11 to be installed, described speed reduction unit 4 output shafts are connected with pole axis 11 by shaft coupling 5, contiguous block 2 and fixed cover 10 are installed on described pole axis 11, be connected with beam condensing unit 1 on described contiguous block 2, the second stepper motor 9 is installed on described fixed cover 10, be connected with leading screw 13 on the output shaft of described the second stepper motor 9, be connected with the feed screw nut 14 that is fixedly connected with described beam condensing unit 1 on described leading screw 13, on described beam condensing unit 1, Stirling-electric hybrid pack support 15 is installed, described solar tracking control system comprises PLC controller module 17 and the touch LCD screen 18 that joins with PLC controller module 17, and be the supplying cell 19 of PLC controller module 17 and touch LCD screen 18 power supplies, the input end of described PLC controller module 17 is connected to azimuth sensor 20, air velocity transducer 21 and wind transducer 22, the output terminal of described PLC controller module 17 is connected to the first stepper motor driver 23 and the second stepper motor driver 24, described the first stepper motor 3 joins with the output terminal of described the first stepper motor driver 23, described the second stepper motor 9 joins with the output terminal of described the second stepper motor driver 24.
In the present embodiment, the latitude of the angle between described pole axis 11 and horizontal line and described solar tracking system present position is identical.Described Stirling-electric hybrid pack support 15 is made of triangular truss.
Principle of work of the present utility model and the course of work are: after PLC controller module 17 gathers azimuth sensor 20, air velocity transducer 21 and the detected signal of wind transducer 22 and signal is carried out analyzing and processing, give the first stepper motor 3 by the first stepper motor driver 23 corresponding control signals of output, give the second stepper motor 9 by the second stepper motor driver 24 corresponding control signals of output; The first stepper motor 3 rotations, drive speed reduction unit 4 rotations, speed reduction unit 4 drives pole axis 11 rotations again, and pole axis 11 drives beam condensing unit 1 and fixed cover 10 rotations by contiguous block 2, beam condensing unit 1 drives 15 rotations of Stirling-electric hybrid pack support, has realized the tracking to sun thing orientation; During the second stepper motor 9 rotation, drive leading screw 13 rotations, leading screw 13 drives feed screw nut 14 and moves up and down, and feed screw nut 14 drives beam condensing unit 1 and moves up and down, beam condensing unit 1 drives Stirling-electric hybrid pack support 15 and moves up and down, and has realized the tracking to sun height orientation.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every any simple modification, change and equivalent structure of above embodiment being done according to the utility model technical spirit changes, and all still belongs in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a disc type solar energy heat is generated electricity and is used solar tracking system, it is characterized in that: comprise solar tracking mechanism and be used for solar tracking mechanism is carried out the solar tracking control system of Based Intelligent Control, described solar tracking mechanism comprises by foot bolt (8) and is fixedly mounted on ground bracing or strutting arrangement (7) and is arranged on supporting seat (16) on described bracing or strutting arrangement (7) by bolt (6), bearing (12) is installed on described supporting seat (16), the first stepper motor (3) and the speed reduction unit (4) that joins with the first stepper motor (3), the quantity of described bearing (12) is on two and two described bearings (12), pole axis (11) to be installed, described speed reduction unit (4) output shaft is connected with pole axis (11) by shaft coupling (5), contiguous block (2) and fixed cover (10) are installed on described pole axis (11), be connected with beam condensing unit (1) on described contiguous block (2), the second stepper motor (9) is installed on described fixed cover (10), be connected with leading screw (13) on the output shaft of described the second stepper motor (9), be connected with the feed screw nut (14) that is fixedly connected with described beam condensing unit (1) on described leading screw (13), Stirling-electric hybrid pack support (15) is installed on described beam condensing unit (1), described solar tracking control system comprises PLC controller module (17) and the touch LCD screen (18) that joins with PLC controller module (17), and be the supplying cell (19) of PLC controller module (17) and touch LCD screen (18) power supply, the input end of described PLC controller module (17) is connected to azimuth sensor (20), air velocity transducer (21) and wind transducer (22), the output terminal of described PLC controller module (17) is connected to the first stepper motor driver (23) and the second stepper motor driver (24), described the first stepper motor (3) joins with the output terminal of described the first stepper motor driver (23), described the second stepper motor (9) joins with the output terminal of described the second stepper motor driver (24).
2. use solar tracking system according to a kind of disc type solar energy heat claimed in claim 1 generating, it is characterized in that: the latitude of the angle between described pole axis (11) and horizontal line and described solar tracking system present position is identical.
3. use solar tracking system according to a kind of disc type solar energy heat claimed in claim 1 generating, it is characterized in that: described Stirling-electric hybrid pack support (15) is made of triangular truss.
CN 201220647324 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation Expired - Fee Related CN202975834U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220647324 CN202975834U (en) 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220647324 CN202975834U (en) 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202975834U true CN202975834U (en) 2013-06-05

Family

ID=48516887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220647324 Expired - Fee Related CN202975834U (en) 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202975834U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109508045A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-22 中国航空工业集团公司北京航空精密机械研究所 A kind of sleeve portion based on PLC accurately adjusts control method and device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109508045A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-22 中国航空工业集团公司北京航空精密机械研究所 A kind of sleeve portion based on PLC accurately adjusts control method and device
CN109508045B (en) * 2018-12-17 2021-09-10 中国航空工业集团公司北京航空精密机械研究所 PLC-based sleeve position accurate adjustment control method and device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102520731A (en) Method for automatically tracking solar rays and automatic tracking system
CN107340785A (en) A kind of double side photovoltaic battery component tracks method and controller based on intelligentized control method
CN204203774U (en) A kind of all-weather solar autotracker
CN101995882A (en) Real-time sun tracking system
CN201290076Y (en) Roof photovoltaic power station
CN103092215B (en) Double-shaft sun position tracking device and forecast disturbance control method thereof
CN201290078Y (en) Component for tracking sun of solar photovoltaic battery array
CN202975834U (en) Solar tracking system used in disc type solar thermal power generation
CN103853179A (en) Dish type sun tracking system for solar thermal power generation
CN201830172U (en) Solar automatic tracking power generation device
CN203324833U (en) DSP-based dual-axis high-accuracy sun tracking controller
CN205566196U (en) Photovoltaic power generating device
CN201876732U (en) Sun real-time tracking system
CN103850896A (en) Disc-type solar thermal power generation unit
CN202971064U (en) Disc-type solar thermal power generation device
CN103488187B (en) A kind of solar panel autotracker
CN103135609A (en) Unixial tracking device paralleling to rotation axis of earth
CN104914884A (en) Fully-automatic solar dual-axis tracking device and control system
CN204631636U (en) The vertical tiltedly single shaft automatic tracking system of sun power
CN108279710A (en) A kind of novel biaxial solar tracking system
CN203444339U (en) Solar cell panel automatic tracking device
CN204679868U (en) A kind of moveable solar tracker
CN202758247U (en) Solar automatic light tracking system with light condenser
CN202602557U (en) Sun photovoltaic power-generation control system based on rotation shaft of the earth
CN202928125U (en) Fixed strip-shaped mirror solar reflective condensation system device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130605

Termination date: 20141129

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model