CN202958314U - Seedling raising greenhouse capable of automatically adjusting temperature and humidity - Google Patents

Seedling raising greenhouse capable of automatically adjusting temperature and humidity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202958314U
CN202958314U CN2012206250806U CN201220625080U CN202958314U CN 202958314 U CN202958314 U CN 202958314U CN 2012206250806 U CN2012206250806 U CN 2012206250806U CN 201220625080 U CN201220625080 U CN 201220625080U CN 202958314 U CN202958314 U CN 202958314U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
humidity
temperature
time relay
contactor
greenhouse
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CN2012206250806U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何为中
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何为中
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Priority to CN2012206250806U priority Critical patent/CN202958314U/en
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Publication of CN202958314U publication Critical patent/CN202958314U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a seedling raising greenhouse capable of automatically adjusting temperature and humidity, and the seedling raising greenhouse comprises a temperature-humidity adjusting system, a seedling raising bed (6) and a seedling raising tunnel (9); and the seedling raising greenhouse is characterized in that the temperature-humidity adjusting system comprises a temperature-humidity controller (1), an electromagnetic valve (3), a water pipe (4) and a temperature-humidity sensor (7) for collecting the temperature-humidity data in the greenhouse; the electromagnetic valve (3) is installed on a water inlet of the water pipe (4) and connected with the temperature-humidity controller (1) through a valve control wire (2); the temperature-humidity sensor (7) is installed above the seedling raising bed (7) and connected with the temperature-humidity controller (1) through a signal transmission wire (5); and the water pipe (4) in the seeding raising tunnel (9) is installed above the seedling raising bed (6), and the water pipe (4) is provided with a nozzle (8). The seedling raising greenhouse has functions for intermittently automatically spraying the mist and adjusting the light and temperature; and moreover, the transplanting survival rate of seedlings in test tubes and especially the transplanting survival rate of the root-free seedlings in the test tubes are high.

Description

Automatically regulate the seedling cultivation greenhouse of temp. and humidity
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of intelligent control seedling cultivation greenhouse, be specifically related to a kind of seedling cultivation greenhouse that can automatically regulate temp. and humidity and manual adjustment intensity of illumination, the special adaptation at high temperature (daily mean temperature is more than or equal to 20 ℃) greenhouse cultivation plant test-tube plantlet in season.
Background technology
The plant test-tube plantlet is to grow up under the fat city condition of aseptic, constant temperature, low light level photograph and relative moisture nearly 100%, and cultivate in the medium of nutritious and plant growth regulator always, therefore, the plant test-tube plantlet all has very large difference with the normal seedling of natural conditions growths at aspects such as physiology, morphosis, a little less than resisting the ability of extraneous adverse circumstance, easily dead in the transplanting process, be cause test-tube plantlet production cost height and be difficult to one of key inhibition factor of market-oriented management.
Need to experience aseptic sharply variation to having bacterium, constant temperature to arrive heterotrophism to high light, high humidity to low humidity, autotrophy to alternating temperature, the low light level in plant test-tube seedling transplanting process, for reply with alleviate this negative effect that sharply changes the plant test-tube seedling transplanting, the basic function in greenhouse is exactly to want to provide one controlled be transitioned into gradually low wet environment, low light environment by high humidity and be transitioned into gradually high light environment and constant temperature to the transitional environment condition of transition alternating temperature gradually, is beneficial to healthy development and the growth under a suitable instruction condition of plant test-tube plantlet.Result of study shows that two key factors affecting Physiology and biochemistry, photosynthetic activity and survival rate in plant test-tube plantlet instructionization are greenhouse illumination and relative moisture (Rodriguez et al, 2008; Chandra et al, 2010), and the plant test-tube plantlet all adapts to than intense light irradiation, as the Moth orchid test-tube plantlet in low photon energy density (PPFD) 175-270 μ molm -2s -1Illumination condition under survival rate the highest (Jeon et al, 2005), it is 1000 μ mol m that sugarcane test-tube plantlet transplant early needs intensity of illumination -2s -1With relative moisture be 90% greenhouse (Rodriguez et al, 2008), intensity of illumination covers and can reach the requirement of growing seedlings by controlling sunshade in the practice of growing seedlings on the other hand.The relative moisture of seedling growth greenhouse is usually high than extraneous, and being mainly increases humidity to satisfy the requirement of growing seedlings by shower water, and the shortcoming one of artificial spray is that trickle leans on experience, and is sometimes many, sometimes few, accurate not; The 2nd, trickle is untimely, in canopy, humidity is unstable, the practice of growing seedlings shows, the regular lack of water of seedling growth greenhouse appears at noon or evening, be people's time of having a rest, result of study shows, during the broiling summer, irreversible wilting will occur in 10min plugged ear or unrooted seedling if stop spraying, thus trickle untimely be one of key factor of causing the death of test-tube plantlet lack of water.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for problems such as manual operation difficulties in the deficiency in high temperature season plastic greenhouse humidity, illumination and temperature modulation in prior art and high temperature canopy, but a kind of Intelligent control is provided, has had auto spraying, illumination and a thermoregulator function seedling cultivation greenhouse.
A kind of seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatic adjusting temp. and humidity comprises temperature and humidity regulation system, seedling bed and the shed of growing seedlings; Wherein: described temperature and humidity regulation system comprises the Temperature Humidity Sensor of temp. and humidity data in temperature and humidity controller, magnetic valve, water pipe and collection greenhouse; Described magnetic valve is arranged on the water inlet of water pipe, and is connected with temperature and humidity controller by the valve control line; Described Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged on the top of seedling bed, and is connected with temperature and humidity controller by signal transmssion line; Water pipe in the shed of growing seedlings be arranged on seedling bed above, and water pipe is provided with fog-spray nozzle.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, above-described temperature and humidity controller comprises successively temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay, A.C. contactor and the power switch by connection; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is connected by signal transmssion line with Temperature Humidity Sensor; A power line of the described time relay is controlled power line with the humidity of temperature and humidity control instrument and is connected, another power line is connected with a line wherein of power switch, and the power supply output line of the time relay is connected with the power line of A.C. contactor with a power line; The output of described A.C. contactor is connected with magnetic valve by the valve control line; The output of described power switch is connected with temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay and A.C. contactor respectively; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is by power supply supply line control time relay, and the described time relay is controlled A.C. contactor by power line, and the Push And Release of described A.C. contactor is controlled magnetic valve.
In the utility model, according to the greenhouse culture of plant test-tube plantlet to humidity requirement, set the humidity of temperature and humidity controller and control parameter, if the ambient humidity that Temperature Humidity Sensor records lower than the humidity lower limit temperature and humidity controller can out-put supply control instruction to the time relay, the time relay enters duty, and the time relay is connected the power supply of A.C. contactor according to the configuration switch time, and A.C. contactor is connected power of electromagnetic valve, water pipe water flowing, fog-spray nozzle begin intermittently atomized water spray; If ambient humidity is higher than the higher limit of setting, the output of temperature and humidity control instrument is disconnecting circuit, and the time relay quits work, and the AC contact electric power line disconnects, and the power line of magnetic valve disconnects, and can't supply water, and makes fog-spray nozzle stop atomized water spray.In general, the temperature in greenhouse raises, and humidity can descend, and start intermittent spraying this moment, can increase humidity, and the effect of cooling is also arranged simultaneously; The fog-spray nozzle packing density decides according to the radius of spray of fog-spray nozzle, and radius of spray is larger, and the fog-spray nozzle spacing is far away, otherwise less, total principle one is that atomized water spray is wanted evenly, and the 2nd, each corner, covered rearing seedbed.The data that temperature and humidity controller gathers by Temperature Humidity Sensor, the ambient temperature and humidity in judgement greenhouse, and then the Push And Release of control time relay, the time relay is controlled the Push And Release of A.C. contactor off and on, A.C. contactor is controlled the opening and closing of magnetic valve, from reaching the intermittently purpose of atomized water spray, realize the function of the automatic adjusting of temp. and humidity in the greenhouse.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, above-described Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged on the middle part of the shed of growing seedlings, apart from seedling bed 25~30cm.Such installation site, the data that Temperature Humidity Sensor can collect are accurate and effective more.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, this seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatically regulating temp. and humidity also comprises solar protection devices; Described solar protection devices is propped up by sunshade net and sunshade net and is configured to.Support height is 2.0~2.5 meters, fills two layers of shading rate on support and be 90% sunshade net, and plant test-tube seedling transplanting initial stage and intensity of illumination reach 50000lx when above, cover two layers of sunshade net; After that test-tube plantlet blade turns is green, young leaves occurs, the lid layer sunshade net; In high temperature and intense light irradiation period, add a cover sunshade and both can reduce intensity of illumination in seedling growth greenhouse, can reduce temperature again.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, on above-described sunshade net support, the installation shading rate is 90% sunshade net.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, the above-described shed of growing seedlings is comprised of frame and the plastic film that covers on frame.The bottom width of general miniature frame is 130cm, and semicircular in shape is risen 100~120cm, and the moisturizing of frame covered with plastic film, windproof and anti-rain impact the seedbed, also can be incubated during low temperature.
Further illustrate as of the present utility model, above-described temperature and humidity controller receives the temp. and humidity data that Temperature Humidity Sensor transmits, compare and process rear out-put supply control signal to the time relay, the Push And Release of temperature and humidity control instrument control time relay, the time relay is controlled the Push And Release of A.C. contactor, and A.C. contactor is controlled the open and close of magnetic valve.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
Temperature Humidity Sensor gathers the temp. and humidity data in the greenhouse constantly, and is transferred to temperature and humidity controller; Temperature and humidity controller is compared according to the humidity range of setting and the air humidity of the shed of growing seedlings, the air humidity of shed is lower than the lower limit of setting humidity range if grow seedlings, turn-on time relay, make the time relay in running order, the time relay is according to the Push And Release of controlling A.C. contactor switch time of setting in advance, A.C. contactor switches on power or disconnects, thereby control the magnetic valve opening and closing, control interval time and the duration of fog-spray nozzle atomized water spray, realize intermittently atomized water spray; If higher than the upper limit of setting humidity range, break time relay power, the time relay quits work, A.C. contactor quits work, power of electromagnetic valve is closed, fog-spray nozzle stops atomized water spray.The shed of growing seedlings has moisture-keeping functions, and the openings of sizes at canopy two ends can be regulated humidity in canopy.The Gai Yukai of sunshade net and lid layer or two layers of illumination, temperature and air humidity that adjustable birth control seedling shed is interior; The frequency of fog-spray nozzle atomized water spray and duration are all artificially to set by the time relay, selectable atomized water spray interval time and duration scope are 1~1800 second, the grown seedlings impact of the factors such as level of coverage of shed both ends open size, illumination, environmental temperature and sunshade net of the humidity in shed of growing seedlings.Atomized water spray, sunshade net covering and lid plastics while be the interior temperature of adjustable birth control seedling shed also.In the practice of growing seedlings, administrative staff can according to humidity parameter, atomized water spray interval time and duration, unlatching that each stage plant seedlings of growing seedlings requires to set temperature and humidity controller to the difference of humidity, illumination and temperature grow seedlings shed two ends opening and control the level of coverage of sunshade net, guarantee to create the required humidity of suitable for plant seedling development, illumination and temperature condition.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that possesses of the utility model:
1. automaticity is high, and use cost is low.Temperature and humidity controller and Temperature Humidity Sensor, magnetic valve pass through connection respectively, the ambient conditions in temperature and humidity controller automatic decision greenhouse like this, export corresponding control instruction, set as required simultaneously atomized water spray interval time and duration, realize the batch (-type) atomized water spray, realize the parameters such as temperature, humidity in the automatic regulation greenhouse, reduced accordingly labor cost by using simultaneously.
2. automatic spraying system requires water source hydraulic pressure not high, and ordinary tap water pipe hydraulic pressure (0.14MPa) gets final product, and there is no need to install pressue device.
3. operating personnel's comfort increases, and efficiency improves.In seedling raising process, operating personnel need not enter hot and humid plastic greenhouse, work under natural temperature, humidity environment condition fully, and ceiling has sunshade net to cover, can block Exposure to Sunlight and partly drench with rain, the manual operation environment is better than conventional plastic booth, and efficiency is high.
4. what adopt due to this seedling cultivation greenhouse is that little shed is grown seedlings, and builds little plastic canopy unit are consumptive material few, and little plastic canopy unit are construction cost is lower than traditional large plastic canopy; And little plastic canopy does not have securing member to fix, and dismounting is very convenient, and after the rooting of vitro seedling survival, namely dismountable plastic film and frame for plastic greenhouse are preserved, and avoid exposing to the sun and rain, and extend the service life of plastic film and other material, reuse, and reduce production costs.
5. test-tube plantlet, particularly the survival rate of unrooted test-tube seedling transplanting is high.By temperature and humidity regulation of the present utility model system, progressively change humidity and illumination in the greenhouse, can create one by the progressive growing environment of high humidity to low humidity, the low light level to high light to test-tube plantlet, make test tube can progressively excessively arrive all unsettled natural environments of humidity, illumination and temperature condition, can not cause transplanting survival rate low because the environment cataclysm occurring.Intermittently atomized water spray can reduce the consumption of water, can constantly keep again seedling blade face moisture film, the adaptive capacity that has improved test-tube plantlet with and the survival rate of transplanting.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Reference numeral: 1-temperature and humidity controller, 2-valve control line, 3-magnetic valve, 4-water pipe, 5-signal transmssion line, 6-seedling bed, 7-Temperature Humidity Sensor, 8-fog-spray nozzle, the 9-shed of growing seedlings, 10-sunshade net support, 11-sunshade net.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in drawings, the seedling cultivation greenhouse of temp. and humidity be can automatically regulate for one, temperature and humidity regulation system, seedling bed 6 and the shed 9 of growing seedlings comprised; Wherein, described temperature and humidity regulation system comprises temperature and humidity controller 1, magnetic valve 3, water pipe 4 and gathers the Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 of temp. and humidity data in the greenhouse; Described magnetic valve 3 is arranged on the water inlet of water pipe 4, and is connected with temperature and humidity controller 1 by valve control line 2; Described Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 is arranged on the top of seedling bed 7, and is connected with temperature and humidity controller 1 by signal transmssion line 5; Water pipe 4 in the shed 9 of growing seedlings be arranged on seedling bed 6 above, and water pipe 4 is provided with fog-spray nozzle 8.Described temperature and humidity controller 1 comprises successively temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay, A.C. contactor and the power switch by connection; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is connected by signal transmssion line 5 with Temperature Humidity Sensor 7; A power line of the described time relay is controlled power line with the humidity of temperature and humidity control instrument and is connected, another power line is connected with a line wherein of power switch, and the power supply output line of the time relay is connected with the power line of A.C. contactor with a power line; The output of described A.C. contactor is connected with magnetic valve 3 by valve control line 2; The output of described power switch is connected with temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay and A.C. contactor respectively; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is by power supply supply line control time relay, and the described time relay is controlled A.C. contactor by power line, and the Push And Release of described A.C. contactor is controlled magnetic valve 3.Described Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 is arranged on the middle part of the shed 9 of growing seedlings, apart from 6 two ten five centimetres of seedling beds.The described shed 9 of growing seedlings is comprised of frame and the plastic film that covers on frame.Described temperature and humidity controller 1 receives the temp. and humidity data that Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 transmits, compare and process rear output control signal to the time relay, the Push And Release of control time relay, the time relay is controlled the Push And Release of A.C. contactor, and A.C. contactor is controlled the open and close of magnetic valve 3.This seedling cultivation greenhouse has auto spraying, illumination and thermoregulator function, and extendible function comprises intensification and dehumidification function, and the test-tube seedling transplanting survival rate is high.
Embodiment 2:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: this seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatically regulating temp. and humidity also is provided with solar protection devices; Described solar protection devices is made of sunshade net 11 and sunshade net support 10; On described sunshade net support 10, the installation shading rate is 90% sunshade net 11; And the installation site of Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 is apart from 6 three ten centimetres of seedling beds.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: this seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatically regulating temp. and humidity also is provided with solar protection devices; Described solar protection devices is made of sunshade net 11 and sunshade net support 10; On described sunshade net support 10, the installation shading rate is 90% sunshade net 11; And the installation site of Temperature Humidity Sensor 7 is apart from 6 two ten eight centimetres of seedling beds.

Claims (7)

1. seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatically regulating temp. and humidity comprises temperature and humidity regulation system, seedling bed (6) and the shed of growing seedlings (9); It is characterized in that: described temperature and humidity regulation system comprises temperature and humidity controller (1), magnetic valve (3), water pipe (4) and gathers the Temperature Humidity Sensor (7) of temp. and humidity data in the greenhouse; Described magnetic valve (3) is arranged on the water inlet of water pipe (4), and is connected with temperature and humidity controller (1) by valve control line (2); Described Temperature Humidity Sensor (7) is arranged on the top of seedling bed (7), and is connected with temperature and humidity controller (1) by signal transmssion line (5); Water pipe (4) in the shed of growing seedlings (9) is arranged on the top of seedling bed (6), and water pipe (4) is provided with fog-spray nozzle (8).
2. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatic adjusting temp. and humidity according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described temperature and humidity controller (1) comprises successively temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay, A.C. contactor and the power switch by connection; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is connected by signal transmssion line (5) with Temperature Humidity Sensor (7); A power line of the described time relay is controlled power line with the humidity of temperature and humidity control instrument and is connected, another power line is connected with a line wherein of power switch, and the power supply output line of the time relay is connected with the power line of A.C. contactor with a power line; The output of described A.C. contactor is connected with magnetic valve (3) by valve control line (2); The output of described power switch is connected with temperature and humidity control instrument, the time relay and A.C. contactor respectively; Described temperature and humidity control instrument is by power supply supply line control time relay, and the described time relay is controlled A.C. contactor by power line, and the Push And Release of described A.C. contactor is controlled magnetic valve (3).
3. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatic adjusting temp. and humidity according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Temperature Humidity Sensor (7) is arranged on the middle part of the shed of growing seedlings (9), apart from seedling bed (6) 25~30cm.
4. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of the described automatic adjusting temp. and humidity of according to claim 1-3 any one, is characterized in that: also comprise solar protection devices; Described solar protection devices is made of sunshade net (11) and sunshade net support (10).
5. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatic adjusting temp. and humidity according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described sunshade net support (10) is upper, and shading rate is installed is 90% sunshade net (11).
6. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of the described automatic adjusting temp. and humidity of according to claim 1-3 or 5 any one is characterized in that: the described shed of growing seedlings (9) is comprised of frame and the plastic film that covers on frame.
7. the seedling cultivation greenhouse of automatic adjusting temp. and humidity according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described temperature and humidity controller (1) receives the temp. and humidity data that Temperature Humidity Sensor (7) transmits, compare and process rear out-put supply control signal to the time relay, the Push And Release of temperature and humidity control instrument control time relay, the time relay is controlled the Push And Release of A.C. contactor, and A.C. contactor is controlled the open and close of magnetic valve (3).
CN2012206250806U 2012-11-23 2012-11-23 Seedling raising greenhouse capable of automatically adjusting temperature and humidity CN202958314U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104472275A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-01 成都市农林科学院 Temperature regulating and controlling device and breeding method for breeding detoxified seedlings by seedbed in winter
CN104620905A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-20 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Full-automatic temperature and humidity control system for syringa vulgaris twig cottage and application method of full-automatic temperature and humidity control system
CN105918133A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 陈思 Tissue culture and rapid propagation method of euryodendron excelsum
CN109220457A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-18 湖州常华苗木有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating seedlings
CN109604524A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-12 福建申利卡铝业发展有限公司 A kind of cooling equipment of the intermittent mist of automotive hub
TWI697278B (en) * 2017-12-22 2020-07-01 日商松下知識產權經營股份有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104472275A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-01 成都市农林科学院 Temperature regulating and controlling device and breeding method for breeding detoxified seedlings by seedbed in winter
CN104472275B (en) * 2014-12-31 2018-03-16 成都市农林科学院 Breed the temperature control device and mating system of virus-elimination seedlingses in a kind of winter seedbed
CN104620905A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-20 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Full-automatic temperature and humidity control system for syringa vulgaris twig cottage and application method of full-automatic temperature and humidity control system
CN104620905B (en) * 2015-03-09 2017-11-24 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 A kind of full-automatic regulator control system of Ou Dingxiang epicormic branch cuttages epidemic disaster and its application method
CN105918133A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 陈思 Tissue culture and rapid propagation method of euryodendron excelsum
CN105918133B (en) * 2016-05-27 2018-07-03 陈思 The quick mating system of pig blood wood tissue cultures
TWI697278B (en) * 2017-12-22 2020-07-01 日商松下知識產權經營股份有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse
CN109220457A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-18 湖州常华苗木有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating seedlings
CN109604524A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-12 福建申利卡铝业发展有限公司 A kind of cooling equipment of the intermittent mist of automotive hub

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