CN202951562U - Electrostatic separation machine - Google Patents

Electrostatic separation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202951562U
CN202951562U CN 201220569505 CN201220569505U CN202951562U CN 202951562 U CN202951562 U CN 202951562U CN 201220569505 CN201220569505 CN 201220569505 CN 201220569505 U CN201220569505 U CN 201220569505U CN 202951562 U CN202951562 U CN 202951562U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
separation drum
sorting bin
electrostatic separator
separation
sprocket wheel
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220569505
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李明
朱运东
Original Assignee
上海申嘉三和环保科技开发有限公司
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Priority to CN 201220569505 priority Critical patent/CN202951562U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202951562U publication Critical patent/CN202951562U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an electrostatic separation machine which comprises a material storing bin, a separation machine, a rotating material feeding device, a first actuating mechanism, a second actuating mechanism, a material separation roller, a first separation roller cylinder, a second separation roller cylinder, a spiral conveyor and electric grids. The separation bin is communicated with the material storing bin through the spiral conveyor, and the material separation roller, the first separation roller cylinder, the second separation roller cylinder and the spiral conveyor are sequentially arranged below the spiral material feeding device from top to bottom. The electric grids are respectively arranged at the left side of the first separation roller cylinder and the left side of the second separation roller cylinder. The first actuating mechanism is in transmission connection with the material separation roller, the second actuating mechanism drives the first separation roller cylinder and the second actuating mechanism to be in synchronous rotation with the spiral conveyor. Through electric field acting force on metal particles by static, the metal particles in waste circuit board powder can be separated from purities to the utmost, a good separation effect is achieved, the recovery rate of the metal particles is effectively improved, and continuous material feeding and material discharging are achieved at the same time.

Description

A kind of electrostatic separator

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the environmental protection industry (epi) of old circuit board recycling, relates to a kind ofly being used for specially sorting and reclaiming the electrostatic separator of metal component in old circuit board.

Background technology

In the removal process of old circuit board, be generally to make old circuit board form powder mixture by Mechanical Crushing, then carry out sorting, sub-elect wherein metallic particles and reclaimed, process and supply raw materials for next step processing.

At present, having the special equipment that reclaims the old circuit board metal component for sorting now has some common defects, is mainly manifested in following several aspect: 1, can not continuous feed and discharge, i.e. and batch (-type) charging, the batch (-type) discharge, production efficiency is low; 2, separating effect is poor, after sorting still some metallic particles also remain in impurity, greatly reduce the rate of recovery of whole removal process.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model, provide a kind of simple in structure exactly in order to address the above problem, charging and discharge that can continuous and quantitative be isolated the electrostatic separator of metallic particles to greatest extent.

The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that

A kind of electrostatic separator of the present utility model comprises storage bin, sorting bin, rotation feeder, the first actuating unit, the second actuating unit and all is located at distributing roller, the first separation drum, the second separation drum, conveying worm and the electrical network in described sorting bin, wherein

Described sorting bin is located at the below of described storage bin, and is communicated with described storage bin by described rotation feeder;

Described distributing roller is installed on the below of described rotation feeder;

Described the first separation drum is installed on the lower left of described distributing roller;

Described the second separation drum is installed on the lower left of described the first separation drum;

Described conveying worm is installed on the below of described the second separation drum;

But described electrical network is installed on to the left and right translation respectively the left side of described the first separation drum and the left side of described the second separation drum by translating device;

Described the first actuating unit is installed on the end face of described sorting bin, and is connected by belt transmission with described distributing roller;

Described the second actuating unit is installed on the bottom surface in described sorting bin, and drives described the first separation drum, the second separation drum and conveying worm by transmission device and synchronously rotate.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described rotation feeder comprises reducing motor, main shaft, material-dividing groove and framework, described reducing motor is arranged on the end face of described sorting bin and its rotating shaft is fixedly connected with described main shaft, several described material-dividing grooves are uniformly distributed along the circumference and are arranged on described main shaft, be located at the sub-material chamber that holds described main shaft and material-dividing groove in described framework, described storage bin is located at the top of described framework, and be communicated with described sub-material chamber, described sorting bin is located at the below of described framework, and is communicated with described sub-material chamber.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described the first actuating unit comprises electromagnetic adjustable speed motor and the first tensioning apparatus, described the first tensioning apparatus is fixed on the end face of described sorting bin, described electromagnetic adjustable speed motor is arranged on described the first tensioning apparatus, and is connected by belt transmission with described distributing roller.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, be provided with the sub-material passage between described rotation feeder and distributing roller, this sub-material passage comprises two striker plates that are symmetrical set, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space of two striker plate formation, and its top is facing to described rotation feeder, and bottom, facing to described distributing roller, is evenly equipped with groove radially on the outer circumference surface of described distributing roller.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described translating device is installed on the crossbeam arranged along the left and right horizontal direction in described sorting bin, this translating device comprises tooth bar, gear shaft, gear and rotary handle, described gear shaft is arranged at the top of described crossbeam along the front and back horizontal direction, described gear is individually fixed in the both end sides of described gear shaft, described tooth bar can be installed between described gear and crossbeam slidingly, described rotary handle is fixed in the end of described gear shaft, described electrical network is installed on the right-hand member of described tooth bar, and the first separation drum or the second separation drum towards correspondence.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described the first separation drum below is provided with and its tangent the first hairbrush coordinated, and described the second separation drum below is provided with and its tangent the second hairbrush coordinated.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, be provided with sort channel again between described the first separation drum and the second separation drum, this again sort channel comprise about two striker plates that arrange, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space of two striker plate formation, and its top is facing to described the first separation drum, and bottom is facing to described the second separation drum.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, the lower right of described the second separation drum and be provided with an Adjustable device flitch between the second separation drum and conveying worm.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described the second actuating unit comprises motor and the second tensioning apparatus, described the second tensioning apparatus is fixed on the bottom surface in described sorting bin, described motor is arranged on described the second tensioning apparatus, described transmission device comprises the main pulley of being located on described machine shaft, be located at successively from front to back described the second separation drum front end from belt pulley, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, be located at the 3rd sprocket wheel of described the first separation drum front end, be located at the 4th sprocket wheel of described conveying worm front end, and be located at described main pulley and from the belt between belt pulley, be located at the first chain between described the first sprocket wheel and the 3rd sprocket wheel and be located at described the second sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel between the second chain.

Above-mentioned a kind of electrostatic separator, wherein, described electrostatic separator also comprises metal discharge bucket, viscous material discharge bucket and impurity discharge bucket, described metal discharge bucket is located at the bottom in described sorting bin left side, described viscous material discharge bucket is located at the bottom on described sorting bin right side, and its entrance point is positioned at the below of described hairbrush, described impurity discharge bucket is located at the bottom of described sorting bin rear side, and its entrance point is positioned at the below that described conveying worm is carried end.

The utility model is the electric field action power to metallic particles by static, to greatest extent the metallic particles in the old circuit board powder is separated from impurity, can reach separating effect preferably, effectively improved the rate of recovery of metallic particles, and have simple in structurely, reliable operation, manufacture with maintenance cost low, long service life, the advantages such as energy continuous feed and discharge simultaneously.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is that cutaway view is looked on the right side of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of distributing roller in the utility model;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of electric net device in the utility model;

Fig. 5 is that cutaway view is looked on the right side of Fig. 4.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.

Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, there is shown the utility model electrostatic separator.The utility model electrostatic separator comprises storage bin 1, sorting bin 3, rotation feeder 2, the first actuating unit 8, the second actuating unit 10 and all is located at distributing roller 4, the first separation drum 5, the second separation drum 6, conveying worm 7 and the electric net device 9 in sorting bin 3, wherein:

Sorting bin 3 is located at the below of storage bin 1, and be communicated with storage bin 1 by rotation feeder 2, rotation feeder 2 comprises reducing motor 24, main shaft 21, material-dividing groove 22 and framework 23, reducing motor 24 is arranged on the end face of sorting bin 3 and its rotating shaft is fixedly connected with main shaft 21, eight material-dividing grooves 22 are uniformly distributed along the circumference and are arranged on main shaft 21, be located at the sub-material chamber 26 that holds main shaft 21 and material-dividing groove 22 in framework 23, storage bin 1 is located at the top of framework 23, and be communicated with sub-material chamber 26, sorting bin 3 is located at the below of framework 23, and is communicated with sub-material chamber 26.

Distributing roller 4 is installed on the below of rotation feeder 2, the first actuating unit 8 is installed on the end face of sorting bin 3, and be in transmission connection with distributing roller 4, the first actuating unit 8 comprises electromagnetic adjustable speed motor 81 and the first tensioning apparatus 82, the first tensioning apparatus 82 is fixed on the end face of sorting bin 3, electromagnetic adjustable speed motor 81 is arranged on the first tensioning apparatus 82, electromagnetic adjustable speed motor 81 is in transmission connection by belt 83 and distributing roller 4, is evenly equipped with groove 41 (asking for an interview Fig. 3) radially on the outer circumference surface of distributing roller 4.

Be provided with sub-material passage 25 between rotation feeder 2 and distributing roller 4, this sub-material passage 25 is comprised of two striker plates that are symmetrical set 251, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space of two striker plate 251 formation, and its top faces toward distributing roller 4 facing to 26, bottom, sub-material chamber.

The first separation drum 5 is installed on the lower left of distributing roller 4, and the first separation drum 5 belows are provided with and its tangent the first hairbrush 52 coordinated.

The second separation drum 6 is installed on the lower left of the first separation drum 5, and the second separation drum 6 belows are provided with and its tangent the second hairbrush 62 coordinated.

Be provided with again sort channel 51 between the first separation drum 5 and the second separation drum 6, this again sort channel 51 by about two striker plates 511 that arrange, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space that two striker plates 511 form, and its top is facing to the first separation drum 5, and bottom is facing to the second separation drum 6.

The lower right of the second separation drum 6 and be provided with an Adjustable device flitch 61 between the second separation drum 6 and conveying worm 7, conveying worm 7 is installed on the below of the second separation drum 6.

The second actuating unit 10 is installed on the bottom surface in sorting bin 3, and drives the first separation drum 5, the second separation drum 6 and conveying worm 7 by transmission device and synchronously rotate.

The second actuating unit 10 comprises motor 101 and the second tensioning apparatus 102, the second tensioning apparatus 102 is fixed on the bottom surface in sorting bin 3, motor 101 is arranged on the second tensioning apparatus 102, transmission device comprises the main pulley 121 of being located in motor 101 rotating shafts, be located at successively from front to back the second separation drum 6 front ends from belt pulley 122, the first sprocket wheel 123 and the second sprocket wheel 124, be located at the 3rd sprocket wheel 125 of the first separation drum 5 front ends, be located at the 4th sprocket wheel 126 of conveying worm 7 front ends, and be located at main pulley 121 and from the belt 127 between belt pulley 122, be located at the first chain 128 between the first sprocket wheel 123 and the 3rd sprocket wheel 125 and be located at the second sprocket wheel 124 and the 4th sprocket wheel 126 between the second chain 129.

But electrical network 92 by translating device 9 left and right translations be installed on the left side of the first separation drum 5, but electrical network 93 by translating device 9 left and right translations be installed on the left side of the second separation drum 6.

Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, translating device 9 is installed on the interior crossbeam 91 arranged along the left and right horizontal direction of sorting bin 3, this translating device 9 comprises tooth bar 94, gear shaft 96, gear 95 and rotary handle 97, gear shaft 96 is arranged at the top of crossbeam 91 along the front and back horizontal direction, gear 95 is individually fixed in the both end sides of gear shaft 96, tooth bar 94 can be installed between gear 95 and crossbeam 91 slidingly, rotary handle 97 is fixed in the end of gear shaft 96, electrical network 92/93 is installed on the right-hand member of tooth bar 94, and the first separation drum 5 or the second separation drum 6 towards correspondence.

Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the utility model electrostatic separator also comprises metal discharge bucket 111, viscous material discharge bucket 112 and impurity discharge bucket 113, metal discharge bucket 111 is located at the bottom in sorting bin 3 left sides, viscous material discharge bucket 112 is located at the bottom on sorting bin 3 right sides, and its entrance point is positioned at the below of hairbrush 52,62, impurity discharge bucket 113 is located at the bottom of sorting bin 3 rear sides, and its entrance point is positioned at the below that conveying worm 7 is carried end.

The course of work of the present utility model is: material is sent into to storage bin 1, under the effect of rotation feeder 2, evenly be sent in sorting bin 3, first by distributing roller 4, be sent to equably the central part of sorting bin 3, then material is under the drive of the first separation drum 5, metallic particles wherein is under the effect of electrical network 92, produce charged ion, under the effect of electric field magnetic force, fly to the left-hand end of sorting bin 3, the non-sticky particle vertically falls, viscous material is by under hairbrush 52 brushes, carry out electrostatic separation for the second time through the second separation drum 6 again, metallic particles is by metal discharge bucket 111 dischargings of being located at sorting bin 3 left sides, inviscid impurity is located at impurity discharge bucket 113 outputs of sorting bin 3 rear sides by conveying worm 7, viscous material is by viscous material discharge bucket 112 dischargings of being located at sorting bin 3 right sides.

Above embodiment is only for illustration of the utility model, but not to restriction of the present utility model, person skilled in the relevant technique, in the situation that do not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model, can also make various conversion or modification, therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also should belong to category of the present utility model, should be limited by each claim.

Claims (10)

1. an electrostatic separator, it is characterized in that, described electrostatic separator comprises storage bin, sorting bin, rotation feeder, the first actuating unit, the second actuating unit and all is located at distributing roller, the first separation drum, the second separation drum, conveying worm and the electrical network in described sorting bin, wherein
Described sorting bin is located at the below of described storage bin, and is communicated with described storage bin by described rotation feeder;
Described distributing roller is installed on the below of described rotation feeder;
Described the first separation drum is installed on the lower left of described distributing roller;
Described the second separation drum is installed on the lower left of described the first separation drum;
Described conveying worm is installed on the below of described the second separation drum;
But described electrical network is installed on to the left and right translation respectively the left side of described the first separation drum and the left side of described the second separation drum by translating device;
Described the first actuating unit is installed on the end face of described sorting bin, and is connected by belt transmission with described distributing roller;
Described the second actuating unit is installed on the bottom surface in described sorting bin, and drives described the first separation drum, the second separation drum and conveying worm by transmission device and synchronously rotate.
2. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rotation feeder comprises reducing motor, main shaft, material-dividing groove and framework, described reducing motor is arranged on the end face of described sorting bin and its rotating shaft is fixedly connected with described main shaft, several described material-dividing grooves are uniformly distributed along the circumference and are arranged on described main shaft, be located at the sub-material chamber that holds described main shaft and material-dividing groove in described framework, described storage bin is located at the top of described framework, and be communicated with described sub-material chamber, described sorting bin is located at the below of described framework, and is communicated with described sub-material chamber.
3. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described the first actuating unit comprises electromagnetic adjustable speed motor and the first tensioning apparatus, described the first tensioning apparatus is fixed on the end face of described sorting bin, described electromagnetic adjustable speed motor is arranged on described the first tensioning apparatus, and is connected by belt transmission with described distributing roller.
4. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with the sub-material passage between described rotation feeder and distributing roller, this sub-material passage comprises two striker plates that are symmetrical set, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space of two striker plate formation, and its top is facing to described rotation feeder, and bottom, facing to described distributing roller, is evenly equipped with groove radially on the outer circumference surface of described distributing roller.
5. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described translating device is installed on the crossbeam arranged along the left and right horizontal direction in described sorting bin, this translating device comprises tooth bar, gear shaft, gear and rotary handle, described gear shaft is arranged at the top of described crossbeam along the front and back horizontal direction, described gear is individually fixed in the both end sides of described gear shaft, described tooth bar can be installed between described gear and crossbeam slidingly, described rotary handle is fixed in the end of described gear shaft, described electrical network is installed on the right-hand member of described tooth bar, and the first separation drum or the second separation drum towards correspondence.
6. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described the first separation drum below is provided with and its tangent the first hairbrush coordinated, and described the second separation drum below is provided with and its tangent the second hairbrush coordinated.
7. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with sort channel again between described the first separation drum and the second separation drum, this again sort channel comprise about two striker plates that arrange, narrow from top to bottom gradually in the space of two striker plate formation, and its top is facing to described the first separation drum, and bottom is facing to described the second separation drum.
8. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the lower right of described the second separation drum and be provided with an Adjustable device flitch between the second separation drum and conveying worm.
9. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described the second actuating unit comprises motor and the second tensioning apparatus, described the second tensioning apparatus is fixed on the bottom surface in described sorting bin, described motor is arranged on described the second tensioning apparatus, described transmission device comprises the main pulley of being located on described machine shaft, be located at successively from front to back described the second separation drum front end from belt pulley, the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, be located at the 3rd sprocket wheel of described the first separation drum front end, be located at the 4th sprocket wheel of described conveying worm front end, and be located at described main pulley and from the belt between belt pulley, be located at the first chain between described the first sprocket wheel and the 3rd sprocket wheel and be located at described the second sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel between the second chain.
10. a kind of electrostatic separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described electrostatic separator also comprises metal discharge bucket, viscous material discharge bucket and impurity discharge bucket, described metal discharge bucket is located at the bottom in described sorting bin left side, described viscous material discharge bucket is located at the bottom on described sorting bin right side, and its entrance point is positioned at the below of described hairbrush, described impurity discharge bucket is located at the bottom of described sorting bin rear side, and its entrance point is positioned at the below that described conveying worm is carried end.
CN 201220569505 2012-10-31 2012-10-31 Electrostatic separation machine CN202951562U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220569505 CN202951562U (en) 2012-10-31 2012-10-31 Electrostatic separation machine

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104260228A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 苏州禾正宏新材料科技有限公司 Special cleaning shaft group for PET bottle sheet separation
CN104475258A (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-04-01 安徽科技学院 Environment-friendly high-voltage electrostatic separation device
CN105403729A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-16 清华大学 Tracer particle release apparatus
CN107252734A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-10-17 中国能源建设集团江苏省电力设计院有限公司 The separator of soot particle and carbon granule in a kind of fly ash in electric power plant
CN108114817A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-05 浙江朗博药业有限公司 A kind of Amoxicillin Capsules device for eliminating

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104260228A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 苏州禾正宏新材料科技有限公司 Special cleaning shaft group for PET bottle sheet separation
CN104475258A (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-04-01 安徽科技学院 Environment-friendly high-voltage electrostatic separation device
CN105403729A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-16 清华大学 Tracer particle release apparatus
CN107252734A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-10-17 中国能源建设集团江苏省电力设计院有限公司 The separator of soot particle and carbon granule in a kind of fly ash in electric power plant
CN108114817A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-05 浙江朗博药业有限公司 A kind of Amoxicillin Capsules device for eliminating
CN108114817B (en) * 2017-12-21 2020-04-03 浙江朗博药业有限公司 Amoxicillin hollow capsule removing device

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130529

Termination date: 20151031