CN202947365U - Integrated device integrating summer air conditioner and solar water heater - Google Patents

Integrated device integrating summer air conditioner and solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202947365U
CN202947365U CN 201220523779 CN201220523779U CN202947365U CN 202947365 U CN202947365 U CN 202947365U CN 201220523779 CN201220523779 CN 201220523779 CN 201220523779 U CN201220523779 U CN 201220523779U CN 202947365 U CN202947365 U CN 202947365U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
conditioning
air conditioner
water heater
condenser
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220523779
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王海东
师瑞峰
王江平
于峰
付亚利
刘宇默
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North China Electric Power University
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North China Electric Power University
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Priority to CN 201220523779 priority Critical patent/CN202947365U/en
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Publication of CN202947365U publication Critical patent/CN202947365U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated device integrating a summer air conditioner and a solar water heater, and belongs to the fields of air conditioner waste-heat utilization technology and solar energy utilization technology. A refrigerant outlet of a condenser of the air conditioner is connected with a refrigerant inlet of an evaporator inside an air-conditioned room through capillaries and fine refrigerant pipes, a refrigerant outlet of the evaporator inside the air-conditioned room is connected with a refrigerant inlet of the condenser of the air conditioner through crude refrigerant pipes and compression pumps, a cooling water outlet of the condenser of the air conditioner is connected with a water inlet of a water storage tank, a water outlet of the water storage tank is connected with a cooling water inlet of the condenser of the air conditioner, a heat collector is connected with the water storage tank, one water outlet pipe of the heat collector is connected with a temperature differential power generation module, and an output end of the temperature differential power generation module is connected with a transformer and an air conditioner operating power supply in sequence. According to the integrated device integrating the summer air conditioner and the solar water heater, the refrigeration efficiency of a refrigeration air conditioner is improved, operating power consumption of the refrigeration air conditioner is reduced, waste heat discharged by the refrigeration air conditioner is effectively used, influence on an environment is reduced, energy is saved, use value of the solar water heater is improved, and consumption of non-regeneration energy consumed by the air conditioner is reduced.

Description

Use air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device summer
Technical field
The utility model belongs to air conditioner afterheat and utilizes technology and solar energy utilization technique field, and particularly a kind of summer is with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device.
Background technology
Air-conditioning and solar water heater are all the equipment that generally uses in present family, and two equipment are combined with, and can more convenient, more save the energy.
Similar integrated apparatus in the market is divided into following a few class substantially:
(1) solar airconditioning all-in-one: the mode by solar energy power generating or solar thermal utilization provides energy resource supply for air-conditioning, reduce air-conditioning to the consumption of non-regeneration energy, can utilize solar water heater to collect solar energy, for the operation of air-conditioning provides energy supply, belong to solar energy heat utilization field.
(2) air conditioner and water heater: this class device is air-conditioning and water heater-integrated device, and the used heat that namely utilizes air-conditioning to discharge carries out certain heating for water heater, reduces water heater to the consumption of the energy (electric energy or natural gas etc.), belongs to air-conditioning waste heat and utilizes the field.
(3) Water-cooling type air conditioner: utilize the flowing cool water source as the cooling source of refrigeration air-conditioner, can improve the refrigerating efficiency of air-conditioning, reduce the operation of air conditioner power consumption.
The defective of same device:
(1) single to the mode that air-conditioner efficiency improves or used heat utilizes, make improvement cost much larger than actual gain, do not have economy and industry generalization;
(2) the solar airconditioning all-in-one can only be realized solar water heater to the unidirectional energy resource supply of air-conditioning, and the impact that this supply is subject to the factors such as weather is larger, and practicality has significant limitation;
(3) although air conditioner and water heater has been realized the utilization to air-conditioning waste heat to a certain extent, the power consumption of air-conditioning itself is not reduced;
(4) although Water-cooling type air conditioner has improved the refrigerating efficiency of air-conditioning, but the demand to cold water is larger, and the water after using belongs to low taste hot water, can not be as the daily use such as have a bath, can not continue to come cooling air-conditioning as cooling water, more serious to water resource waste.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind ofly can effectively utilize refrigeration air-conditioner waste heat, power consumption little summer with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
This device partly is comprised of air-conditioning waste heat utilization part, solar water heater part and thermo-electric generation;
The structure of described air-conditioning waste heat utilization part is: the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning cold condensing is connected with the refrigerant inlet of the refrigerant tubing of being connected with the air-conditioning indoor evaporator by capillary, liquid stop valve, and the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning indoor evaporator is connected with the refrigerant inlet of air-conditioning condenser with compression pump by rough cryogen pipeline, gas stop valve;
The structure of described solar water heater part is: the coolant outlet of air-conditioning condenser is connected with the water inlet of storage tank, and the delivery port of storage tank is connected with the cooling water inlet of air-conditioning condenser; Heat collector is connected with storage tank;
The structure of described thermo-electric generation part is: an outlet pipe of heat collector is connected with temperature-difference power generation module, and the output of temperature-difference power generation module is connected with transformer, operation of air conditioner power supply successively.
Between described storage tank and air-conditioning condenser, liquid stop valve is set.
Described air-conditioning cold condensing is water cooled condenser.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) in summer, air-conditioning and solar water heater are all family's the most frequently used equipment in the inside, this device has organically combined these two common equipments, has realized that the two-way integral of air-conditioning and solar water heater is complementary, has also reduced the consumption of the energy when offering convenience for daily life.
(2) used heat of the air-conditioning in summer discharge can not get effective utilization, and this is not only the waste of the energy, is discharged to simultaneously outdoor thermal source and also can forms a kind of pollution.Water cooled condenser has been collected the used heat that air-conditioning is discharged effectively, has namely saved the energy, has reduced again environmental disruption.
(3) the solar water heater Main Problems is the heating period to be subjected to solar radiation larger, and for continuous cloudy or overcast and rainy weather, solar water heater can't guarantee to provide continuous hot water supply for family.The compact water storage tank of the solar water heater of this device design is slightly larger than the storage tank of common water heater, has guaranteed better the supply of family's daily water consumption; The hot water that air-conditioning condenser is discharged is as the water source of storage tank, can guarantee water in storage tank all the time higher than normal temperature, avoided the cloudy or conventional solar water heater of rainy weather that the situation of hot water can't be provided, and also improved the efficient of water heater heating simultaneously.
(4) in stage of solar irradiation abundance (for example before and after high noon every day), water in storage tank is easy to be elevated to boiled water temperature, but water at this time but can't in time be utilized, namely wasted the illumination of this period abundance, simultaneously also make the water in condenser in time to be discharged in storage tank, affect the operational efficiency of air-conditioning.After introducing temperature-difference power generation module, can take full advantage of sufficient illuminating power generating before and after high noon, for the operation of air-conditioning provides certain energy supply, reduce air-conditioning to the consumption of electric energy; Simultaneously, can avoid high temperature boiling water to rest on for a long time in storage tank, make the water in condenser in time to be discharged in storage tank, guarantee the normal operation of air-conditioning.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of device described in the utility model.
Number in the figure:
The 1-air-conditioning condenser; The 2-capillary; The 3-liquid stop valve; The thin refrigerant tubing of 4-; 5-air-conditioning indoor evaporator; The cold air that the 6-air-conditioning is discharged; The indoor hot-air that enters air-conditioning of 7-; The rough cryogen pipeline of 8-; The 9-gas stop valve; The 10-compression pump; The 11-storage tank; The 12-heat collector; The 13-liquid stop valve; The 14-temperature-difference power generation module; The 15-transformer; 16-operation of air conditioner power supply.
The specific embodiment
The utility model provides a kind of summer with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described further.
The structure of described device partly is comprised of air-conditioning waste heat utilization part, solar water heater part and thermo-electric generation as shown in Figure 1.
The structure of air-conditioning waste heat utilization part is: the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning cold condensing 1 is connected with the refrigerant inlet of the refrigerant tubing of being connected 4 with air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5 by capillary 2, liquid stop valve 3, and the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5 passes through rough cryogen pipeline 8, gas stop valve 9 is connected with compression pump is connected with the refrigerant inlet of air-conditioning condenser 1.
Air-conditioning condenser 1 is water cooled condenser, and the cold-producing medium that flows in air-conditioning condenser 1 is the cold-producing medium of high temperature, high pressure, and the cold-producing medium that flows out air-conditioning condenser 1 is the cold-producing medium of low temperature, high pressure, then flows into capillary 2; The cold-producing medium that capillary 2 flows out will flow into air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5 through meticulous refrigerant tubing 4, and thin refrigerant tubing 4 is provided with liquid stop valve 3, is used for controlling refrigerant flow; The cold-producing medium that enters air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5 is the moist steam of low temperature, low pressure, the effect of air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5 is the cold-producing medium generation heat exchanges that make in indoor air and air-conditioning, the indoor hot-air 7 that enters air-conditioning can become the cold air 6 that air-conditioning is discharged after through air-conditioning indoor evaporator 5, cold-producing medium also can become the gaseous state of high temperature, low pressure simultaneously; The gaseous refrigerant of high temperature, low pressure will flow into compression pump 10 through rough cryogen pipeline 8, and on rough cryogen pipeline 8, this has gas stop valve 9, is used for controlling the flow of cold-producing medium; The refrigerant gas of high temperature, low pressure can become the refrigerant gas of high temperature, high pressure through compression pump 10 afterwards, sends into air-conditioning condenser 1.So move in circles.
The structure of solar water heater part is: the coolant outlet of air-conditioning condenser 1 is connected with the water inlet of storage tank 11, and the delivery port of storage tank 11 is connected with the cooling water inlet of air-conditioning condenser 1; Heat collector 12 is connected with storage tank 11.Be provided with liquid stop valve 13 between storage tank 11 and air-conditioning condenser 1, be used for controlling the flow direction of water and the switching of pipeline.
Used heat to air-conditioning utilizes the groundwork principle as follows: in air-conditioning condenser 1, the initial state of water is cold water, along with air-conditioning constantly to indoor refrigeration, indoor heat becomes circulation through cold-producing medium and constantly enters in water in air-conditioning condenser 1, when the water temperature in air-conditioning condenser 1 rises to a certain degree, can affect the refrigerating efficiency of air-conditioning, at this moment water is drained into storage tank 11, simultaneously air-conditioning condenser 1 is carried out the supply of cold water.The water that is drained in storage tank 11 is higher for the temperature of normal-temperature water, these water have two whereabouts: (1) is for family's routine use such as wash one's hands, have a bath, be equivalent to utilize the used heat of air-conditioning to realize heating to part family expenses warm water, saved the needed energy of heating water; (2) continue to be heated into boiling water by heat collector 12, because the water temperature that enters heat collector 12 wants high with respect to the temperature of normal-temperature water, so the efficiency of heating surface of solar water heater can promote to some extent, the lifting degree depends on the temperature that enters heat collector 12 water.
The structure of thermo-electric generation part is: an outlet pipe of heat collector 12 is connected with temperature-difference power generation module 14, and the output of temperature-difference power generation module 14 is connected with transformer 15, operation of air conditioner power supply 16 successively.
The thermo-electric generation technology can be converted to electric energy with the temperature difference between high temperature heat source and low-temperature heat source, the high-temperature-hot-water that the high temperature heat source of temperature-difference power generation module 14 adopts heat collector 12 to discharge, low-temperature heat source adopts common normal-temperature water, the low-voltage DC that sends will be converted into High Level AC Voltage through transformer 15, for operation of air conditioner power supply 16, can save the electric energy that a certain amount of operation of air conditioner consumes like this, the electric weight of saving depends on generated energy.
The best of this device uses state mainly to comprise following several situation:
(1) air conditioner unit operation, solar water heater is not worked, and temperature-difference power generation module is not worked.
For continuous cloudy or overcast and rainy weather in summer, perhaps fine day all the time according to the period, solar water heater can't work, thereby can't obtain the boiling water of solar water heater, this moment, temperature-difference power generation module also can't be worked.But, air-conditioning as summer indispensable electrical equipment still be in running status, this moment, the used heat of air-conditioning still can effectively collect by condenser, and constantly hot water was stored in storage tank for family's routine use, can effectively utilize air-conditioning waste heat, avoid the used heat environmental disruption; Also saved simultaneously the energy that family's heating water consumes.
(2) air-conditioning normally moves, solar water heater work, and temperature-difference power generation module is not worked.
For Clear Days Summer, when arranged sunshine but the intensity of sunshine deficiency so that the water of water heater when being heated to boiling water, air-conditioning normally moves, solar water heater is also in running order, but the efficiency of heating surface of this moment is too low, therefore the high temperature heat source of temperature-difference power generation module can't arrive the requirement of generating, and temperature-difference power generation module can't be worked.In this case, the used heat of air-conditioning has obtained effective Collection and use, has collected simultaneously certain solar source, lays a good foundation for the water in storage tank is heated to boiling water.
(3) air-conditioning normally moves, solar water heater work, temperature-difference power generation module work.
For the period (after the morning of mainly making a comment or criticism) of Clear Days Summer illumination abundance, the operation power consumption of air-conditioning is maximum, and solar water heater is in optimum Working, the water in storage tank can be heated to the boiling water state, and temperature-difference power generation module can work.The optimal duty of this device---integrated duty during this duty has realized the advantages such as air-conditioning waste heat utilization, solar thermal utilization, air-conditioning power-dissipation-reduced.

Claims (3)

1. with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device, it is characterized in that summer, partly formed by air-conditioning waste heat utilization part, solar water heater part and thermo-electric generation;
The structure of described air-conditioning waste heat utilization part is: the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning cold condensing (1) is connected with the refrigerant inlet of the refrigerant tubing of being connected (4) with air-conditioning indoor evaporator (5) by capillary (2), liquid stop valve (3), and the refrigerant outlet of air-conditioning indoor evaporator (5) is connected 10 by rough cryogen pipeline (8), gas stop valve (9) with compression pump) be connected with the refrigerant inlet of air-conditioning condenser (1);
The structure of described solar water heater part is: the coolant outlet of air-conditioning condenser (1) is connected with the water inlet of storage tank (11), and the delivery port of storage tank (11) is connected with the cooling water inlet of air-conditioning condenser (1); Heat collector (12) is connected with storage tank (11);
The structure of described thermo-electric generation part is: an outlet pipe of heat collector (12) is connected with temperature-difference power generation module (14), and the output of temperature-difference power generation module (14) is connected with transformer (15), operation of air conditioner power supply (16) successively.
2. with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device, it is characterized in that summer according to claim 1, between described storage tank (11) and air-conditioning condenser (1), liquid stop valve (13) is set.
3. with air-conditioning and solar water heater integration gasifying device, it is characterized in that summer according to claim 1, described air-conditioning cold condensing (1) is water cooled condenser.
CN 201220523779 2012-10-12 2012-10-12 Integrated device integrating summer air conditioner and solar water heater Expired - Fee Related CN202947365U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220523779 CN202947365U (en) 2012-10-12 2012-10-12 Integrated device integrating summer air conditioner and solar water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220523779 CN202947365U (en) 2012-10-12 2012-10-12 Integrated device integrating summer air conditioner and solar water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202947365U true CN202947365U (en) 2013-05-22

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102914082A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-02-06 华北电力大学 Air conditioner and solar water heater integrated device for summer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102914082A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-02-06 华北电力大学 Air conditioner and solar water heater integrated device for summer
CN102914082B (en) * 2012-10-12 2015-04-22 华北电力大学 Air conditioner and solar water heater integrated device for summer

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Granted publication date: 20130522

Termination date: 20151012