CN202925887U - A slab-column shear wall structure building based on prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow formworks - Google Patents

A slab-column shear wall structure building based on prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow formworks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202925887U
CN202925887U CN2012206904504U CN201220690450U CN202925887U CN 202925887 U CN202925887 U CN 202925887U CN 2012206904504 U CN2012206904504 U CN 2012206904504U CN 201220690450 U CN201220690450 U CN 201220690450U CN 202925887 U CN202925887 U CN 202925887U
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building
template
hollow
hollow column
shear wall
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侯建群
庄惟敏
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Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University
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Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University
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Abstract

The utility model provides a slab-column shear wall structure building based on prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow formworks. The building comprises a cast-in-place spatial formwork system formed through mutual connection of hollow column formworks, wall body formworks and floor/roof formworks. The hollow column formworks are prefabricated with reinforced concrete and each hollow column formwork comprises at least one hollow duct penetrating through the formwork longitudinally. A single-layer slab-column shear wall structure building serving as a one-layer building unit or a single-layer building can be formed through the procedures of penetrating reinforcing steel bars and filling concrete in the mutually-communicated hollow ducts of the hollow column formworks and the wall body formworks and placing reinforcing steel bars and pouring concrete on the floor/roof formworks. A multi-layer building unit can be formed through lap joint on the basis of the one-layer building unit. The slab-column shear wall structure building and the construction method thereof has the advantages of simple machining of parts, low investment of production equipment, fewer installation procedures, high construction speed and relatively low labor cost.

Description

Sheet-pile-shear wall structure building based on the prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building and building technology field thereof, relates to steel bar concrete sheet-pile-shear wall structure building, relates in particular to the prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template that adopts free removal and cast-in-situ reinforced concrete sheet-pile-shear wall structure building and the construction method thereof that forms.
Background technology
Sheet-pile-shear wall structure form is widely used in structural engineering.Tradition cast-in-situ reinforced concrete sheet-pile-shear wall structure needs assembling reinforcement at the scene, wall, formwork supporting plate, demolish walls, form removal, on-the-spot recruitment is many, the construction period is long.
In order to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming and defect part of traditional sheet-pile-shear wall structure system, need to seek more rational scheme on structural manufacturing process and job practices, saving is invested, processing is simple, the monolithic architecture of the sheet-pile-shear wall structure of easy construction thereby form.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of flat-plate shearwall structure based on the prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template and construction method thereof.
The utility model has improved the post hollow template on shear wall hollow template basis, cancelled beam and coupling beam template, forms the sheet-pile-shear wall structure building of free removal prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow wall template and free removal prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow column template.
The present invention has also improved traditional cast-in-place reinforced concrete plate post-shear wall structure and job practices, and the present invention has that processing is simple, small investment of production equipment, and reduces construction sequence, accelerates speed of application and save the advantages such as artificial.
On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of sheet-pile-shear wall structure building based on the prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template, it comprises a plurality of hollow column templates, wall form and the building of the free removal that is interconnected to constitute the space template system/roof system template; Wherein said hollow column template adopts Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and inside is provided with the one or more hollow duct of vertically running through along described hollow column template; Described a plurality of hollow column template is vertically fixed on basal plane, vertical and one or more described wall form perpendicular to described basal plane along cylinder is connected and fixed separately, described building/roof system template flatly namely is placed in the top of described hollow column template and described wall form abreast with described basal plane, thus the sheet-pile that formation is formed by described hollow column template, described wall form and described building/roof system form assembly-shear wall space template system; Wherein said space template system forms individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building by Cast-in-place concrete.
According to requirement of engineering, described hollow column template have can be for a plurality of along its hollow duct of vertically running through, and is preferably one or more.The cross sectional form of described hollow duct internal face is for for example square.
Described wall form, adopt Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of described wall form and along a plurality of horizontal duct that is arranged in parallel of laterally running through of described wall form, the inside of described wall form is formed extend in all direction, crisscross hollow duct.
Described building/roof system template, adopt Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of described building/roof system template and along a plurality of horizontal duct that is arranged in parallel of laterally running through of described building/roof system template, make the inside of described building/roof system template form crisscross hollow duct.
By intert reinforcing bar and fill concrete and lay reinforcing bar and pour concrete on described building/roof system template among the hollow duct that can be interconnected of described hollow column template and described wall form, can form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building.
As the basis, the unit is combined to form multistory building thereby the process overlap joint can consist of multistory building with described one deck building unit.
On the other hand, the invention still further relates to a kind of construction method of building based on the Slab Column-shear Wall Structures of prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template, it comprises the following steps:
1) prepare in advance a plurality of hollow column templates, a plurality of wall form and a plurality of building/roof system template;
2) be vertically fixed on respectively described hollow column template on basal plane;
3) described wall form vertically is fixed in described basal plane and being connected with described hollow column template;
4) building/roof system template flatly is placed in the top of described hollow column template and described wall form, the sheet-pile that formation is formed by described hollow column template, described wall form and described building/roof system form assembly-shear wall space template system;
5) intert reinforcing bar in the hollow duct that described hollow column template and described wall form can be interconnected;
6) lay reinforcing bar on described building/roof system template;
7) to being interconnected and being interspersed with pour concrete in the hollow duct of reinforcing bar of described hollow column template and described wall form, simultaneously to described building/roof system template upper concrete, form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building.
Described method may further include following step: 8) with described individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building as the basis, repeat above-mentioned steps 1) to 7), thereby form multicolumn plate-shear wall structure building.
Characteristics of the present utility model and effect comprise:
1) utilize prior art prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow wall template can be in factory in enormous quantities, hollow column template, form industrialization; Because template is in plant produced, its construction quality and space of a whole page planeness easily guarantee; The prefabricated reinforced concrete wall form can be made into less unit plate and cross hole is arranged, and is light with respect to traditional Prefabricated Concrete wallboard weight, do not need goliath, and long-distance transport also is convenient in convenient lifting.
2) be placed in the concrete hollow wall form due to the most reinforcing bar of primary structure member when factory process is made template and the post hollow template in, greatly reduced the workload of tying up at the construction field (site) the bundle reinforcing bar, and the workload and the difficulty of construction that have reduced the job site shuttering supporting, reduced workman's labour intensity.Can realize that every layer of house wall template and building/roof system template once supports complete, accelerate speed of application.Free removal prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template is the part of primary structure member, thereby can save the form removable operation, has reduced artificial and time cost.
3) due to the existing sufficient intensity of prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template itself, after this layer Cast-in-place concrete is filled into hollow hole, can carry out the construction of last layer building unit with formation multilayer integral building unit, and it is hard to wait for that existing pour concrete solidifies knot, has improved efficiency of construction at once.
Description of drawings
The above-mentioned of relevant the present utility model content briefly introduced and following detailed description, can be better understood by reference to the accompanying drawings.
Figure 1A is the schematic diagram based on the shear wall structure building of cross-hole prefabricated reinforced concrete template according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 1B be in Figure 1A based on the A-A sectional drawing of the shear wall structure building of cross-hole prefabricated reinforced concrete template, wherein show the layout relation of wall form, column template, building/roof system template.
Fig. 2 A is the longitudinal profile schematic diagram of the hollow column template used in a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 B is the B-B transversal profile schematic diagram of hollow column template shown in Fig. 2 A.
Fig. 3 A is the longitudinal profile schematic diagram of the hollow column template used in another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 B is the C-C transversal profile schematic diagram of hollow column template shown in Fig. 3 A.
Fig. 4 A is the longitudinal profile schematic diagram of the hollow column template used in another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 B is the D-D transversal profile schematic diagram of space template system shown in Fig. 4 A.
Fig. 5 be one embodiment of the present invention in the wall form schematic diagram that uses.
Fig. 6 is the middle slab column-shear wall space template system schematic diagram of one embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
In order to make the technical solution of the utility model, character of innovation, to reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specifically illustrating and the invention will be further elaborated by the following specific embodiment.
Figure 1A and 1B have schematically described the space template system that is connected and composed on basis/basal plane 140 by hollow column template 110, wall form 120 and building/roof system template 130 according to one embodiment of the present invention in based on the sheet-pile-shear wall structure building 100 of prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template.The space arrangement relation that has wherein shown hollow column template 110, wall form 120 and building/roof system template 130.
In one embodiment, hollow column template 110, adopt Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and be vertically fixed on basis/basal plane 140, vertical and one or more wall form 120 perpendicular to basal plane 140 along cylinder is connected and fixed separately, building/roof system template 130 flatly namely is placed in the top of hollow column template 110 and wall form 120 abreast with basal plane 140, thus the sheet-pile that formation is combined by hollow column template 110, wall form 120 and building/roof system template 130-shear wall space template system; Wherein said space template system forms individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building by Cast-in-place concrete.Described individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building can be one deck building unit or singlestory building.According to the building structure needs, thereby can be combined to form multistory building (as shown in Figure 1A and 1B) as process overlap joint formation multistory building unit, basis with described one deck building unit.
In a kind of specific embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 A and 2B, hollow column template 210 has along the hollow duct 220 of its of vertically running through.Hollow column template 210 has top 270 and bottom 280, and the surface on top 270 is preferably pitted skin.
In another embodiment, as shown in Fig. 3 A, 3B, hollow column template 310 has along the hollow duct 320 of its four of vertically running through.Hollow column template 310 has top 370 and bottom 380, and the surface on top 370 is preferably pitted skin.In this kind embodiment, has vertical partition 330 between four hollow ducts 320.
In another embodiment, as shown in Fig. 4 A, 4B, hollow column template 410 has along the hollow duct 420 of its four of vertically running through.Hollow column template 410 has top 470 and bottom 480, and the surface on top 470 is preferably pitted skin.In this kind embodiment, have the vertical partition 430 thicker with respect to vertical partition 330 between four hollow ducts 420.
In the different specific embodiment, described hollow column template is preferably square by the cross sectional form of the internal face that described hollow duct forms.Described hollow duct is positioned at the center of described hollow column template, and the internal face of the described hollow column template that forms of described hollow duct and the outside wall surface of described hollow column template are parallel to each other.
In one embodiment, as shown in Figure 5, wall form 520 adopts Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes 540a that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of wall form 520 and along a plurality of horizontal duct 540b that is arranged in parallel that laterally runs through of wall form 520, make the inside of wall form 520 form crisscross hollow channel system.
In another embodiment, described building/roof system template and above-mentioned wall form 500 are similar, adopt Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of described building/roof system template and along a plurality of horizontal duct that is arranged in parallel of laterally running through of described building/roof system template, make the inside of described building/roof system template form crisscross hollow duct.
In some embodiments, described sheet-pile-shear wall space template system, by intert reinforcing bar and fill concrete and lay reinforcing bar and pour concrete on described building/roof system template among the hollow duct that can be interconnected of described hollow column template and described wall form, form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building.
In the another kind of specific embodiment by interting reinforcing bar and fill concrete among described wall form and the inner hollow duct that the building/the roof system template can be interconnected that is provided with crisscross hollow duct, and by intert reinforcing bar and fill concrete and jointly form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building among the hollow duct that can be interconnected of described hollow column template and described wall form.
Fig. 6 has schematically described a kind of specific embodiment of space template system, and it is the space template system 600 that is connected and composed by hollow column template 610, wall form 620 and building/roof system template 630.
In one embodiment, the construction method of building based on the flat-plate shearwall structure of prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template comprises the following steps:
1) prepare in advance a plurality of hollow column templates, a plurality of wall form and a plurality of building/roof system template;
2) be vertically fixed on respectively described hollow column template on basal plane;
3) described wall form vertically is fixed in described basal plane and being connected with described hollow column template;
4) building/roof system template flatly is placed in the top of described hollow column template and described wall form, the sheet-pile that formation is formed by described hollow column template, described wall form and described building/roof system form assembly-shear wall space template system;
5) intert reinforcing bar in the hollow duct that described hollow column template and described wall form can be interconnected;
6) lay reinforcing bar on described building/roof system template;
7) to being interconnected and being interspersed with pour concrete in the hollow duct of reinforcing bar of described hollow column template and described wall form, simultaneously to described building/roof system template upper concrete, form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building.
In other embodiment, according to the building structure needs, said method further comprises:
8) with described individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building as the basis, repeat abovementioned steps 1) to 7), thereby form multicolumn plate-shear wall structure building.
In the description of this paper, product of the present utility model and correlation technique are described as special shape, material or process sequence, and provide for illustrative purposes some detailed parameters for some specific embodiments.Yet, should be appreciated that these specifically describe to technical scheme generation restriction of the present invention; The change and the accommodation that is to say relevant shape, material or process sequence are still within the spirit and scope of the present invention involved.
The above-mentioned specific embodiment is describe and explain for the utility model content being carried out example, is not that invention scope of the present utility model is carried out any restriction.Those skilled in the art uses equivalent structure that manual of the present invention and claim do or the variation of material, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. sheet-pile-the shear wall structure building based on the prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template, is characterized in that, comprises a plurality of hollow column templates, wall form and the building of the free removal that is interconnected to constitute the space template system/roof system template; Wherein said hollow column template adopts Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and inside is provided with the one or more hollow duct of vertically running through along described hollow column template; Described a plurality of hollow column template is vertically fixed on basal plane, vertical and one or more described wall form perpendicular to described basal plane along cylinder is connected and fixed separately, described building/roof system template flatly namely is placed in the top of described hollow column template and described wall form abreast with described basal plane, thus the sheet-pile that formation is formed by described hollow column template, described wall form and described building/roof system form assembly-shear wall space template system; Wherein said space template system forms individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building by Cast-in-place concrete.
2. building according to claim 1, wherein said hollow column template has along its of vertically running through or four hollow ducts.
3. building according to claim 1 and 2, wherein said hollow column template is square by the cross sectional form of the internal face that described hollow duct forms.
4. building according to claim 3, wherein said hollow duct is positioned at the center of described hollow column template, and the internal face of the described hollow column template that forms of described hollow duct and the outside wall surface of described hollow column template are parallel to each other.
5. building according to claim 1, wherein said wall form adopts Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of described wall form and along a plurality of horizontal duct that is arranged in parallel of laterally running through of described wall form, make the inside of described wall form form crisscross hollow duct.
6. building according to claim 1, wherein said building/roof system template adopts Prefabricated reinforced concrete, and have parallel with its surface, along a plurality of longitudinal holes that are arranged in parallel that vertically run through of described building/roof system template and along a plurality of horizontal duct that is arranged in parallel of laterally running through of described building/roof system template, make the inside of described building/roof system template form crisscross hollow duct.
7. building according to claim 5, wherein said sheet-pile shear wall space template system, by intert reinforcing bar and fill concrete and lay reinforcing bar and pour concrete on described building/roof system template among the hollow duct that can be interconnected of described hollow column template and described wall form, form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building.
8. building according to claim 6, wherein said sheet-pile-shear wall space template system, by interting reinforcing bar and fill concrete among the hollow duct that can be interconnected in described wall form and described building/roof system template, and by intert reinforcing bar and fill concrete and form individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building among the hollow duct that can be interconnected of described hollow column template and described wall form.
9. according to claim 7 or 8 described buildings, wherein said individual layer sheet-pile-shear wall structure building is one deck building unit or singlestory building.
10. building according to claim 9, it further comprises, is combined to form multistory building thereby consist of the multistory building unit as the basis through overlap joint with described one deck building unit.
CN2012206904504U 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 A slab-column shear wall structure building based on prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow formworks Active CN202925887U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015704A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-03 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Slab column-shear wall structure building based on precast reinforced concrete hollow formworks and construction method thereof
CN107246066A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-10-13 牛智勇 It is a kind of to carry the method that steel column is assembled with combined light floor modules

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015704A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-04-03 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Slab column-shear wall structure building based on precast reinforced concrete hollow formworks and construction method thereof
CN103015704B (en) * 2012-12-13 2016-09-07 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Flat-plate shearwall structure based on prefabricated reinforced concrete hollow template building and method of construction
CN107246066A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-10-13 牛智勇 It is a kind of to carry the method that steel column is assembled with combined light floor modules

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