CN202921044U - Centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens - Google Patents

Centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202921044U
CN202921044U CN 201220261422 CN201220261422U CN202921044U CN 202921044 U CN202921044 U CN 202921044U CN 201220261422 CN201220261422 CN 201220261422 CN 201220261422 U CN201220261422 U CN 201220261422U CN 202921044 U CN202921044 U CN 202921044U
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
conical cylinder
water
waste
waste water
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CN 201220261422
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨建斌
张学旺
任吉海
张文
祁卫兵
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SHANGHAI ZHONGQI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI ZHONGQI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens. The centrifugal rotational-flow type separator comprises a middle conical cylinder, wherein the bottom of the middle conical cylinder is put on a bottom plate of an outer sleeve, a certain gap for outflow of separated waste water is formed in the middle conical cylinder, an opening for outflow of waste oil is formed in the upper part of the conical cylinder, a water inlet in a horizontal tangential direction is formed in the upper end of the conical cylinder, a notch is formed in the top of the conical cylinder, the top of the outer sleeve is provided with a disc filter screen, and the conical cylinder is fixed in the cylinder of the outer sleeve. Kitchen waste oil and water mixed liquor enters the conical cylinder along the tangential direction at a certain speed, the waste oil and the waste water are separated under the effect of centrifugal force of a rotational-flow field due to difference of specific gravities of the waste oil and the waste water, the oil with low density flows out of the middle upper part of the conical cylinder, and the waste water with high density flows out along the lower part of the wall of the conical cylinder; and the centrifugal rotational-flow type separator is free of mechanical power, simple to operate and particularly suitable for efficient recovery of the kitchen waste oil in narrow kitchens.

Description

Centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to the equipment manufacture of environmental protection field, specifically a kind of centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator.
Background technology
The rubbish from cooking that the food and restaurant service industry dining table takes down last time is present " waste oil " important sources point of producing.And contain a large amount of animal and plant fats, protein and organic matter in the rubbish from cooking, be very easy to rotten corrupt, give out a foul smell, serious environment pollution, on the ground, source that produces the oil in the rubbish from cooking, water, slag, realization are separated.Utilizing meal kitchen waste grease separator recovery abandoned oil (fat), separation waste water, kitchen waste reduction is that solid slag (hogwash) reclaims recycling separately, so not only eliminated the source that " waste oil " produces, and rubbish from cooking accomplished really " minimizing, resource, innoxious " process, the rubbish that contains a small amount of moisture is also corrupt smelly no longer easily, has improved the environmental sanitation condition.Therefore, design a kind ofly is applicable to small space between the kitchen, meal kitchen waste grease separator economical and practical, machinery-free power becomes particularly important.
The utility model content
The utility model be solve to eliminate " waste oil " and rubbish from cooking Chinese meal kitchen abandoned oil (fat) resource recycle, the desirable oil water separator of low-cost, stable operation.Meal kitchen abandoned oil (fat) with lock reclaims Turnover Box and guaranteed the security of reclaiming, and is easy to operate and light and handy.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: liquid-solid screen pack separation+centrifugal cyclone water-oil separating+sedimentation water-oil separating complex art.It comprises the conical cylinder in middle part, and the bottom is shelved on the cylinder base plate of overcoat, has certain interval to flow out for the waste water after separating, and circular cone cylinder upper opening flows out for waste grease.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator is characterized in that having in circular cone cylinder upper end the water inlet of a horizontal tangent direction.One breach is arranged at the conic tube top, overflow through centrifugal meal kitchen waste grease and the part oil-water mixture from out of eddy flow, again sedimentation separation in subsider, meal kitchen waste grease is discharged the Turnover Box of the meal kitchen waste grease that flows into locking through the first Room oil-out, observed by the casing visor, in time change when Turnover Box is filled and reclaim.And centrifugal force separate waste water and the solids out that is produced by eddy flow in the conic tube enters sewer along barrel wall outflow downwards through outer sleeve housing overfall, and the overfall height should be than the low 2mm~10mm of calibrated altitude.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator is characterized in that the outer sleeve top with a disk filtration net, and rubbish from cooking is poured in the filter screen disk, and grease water enters an interior feed pipe through filter screen.The rubbish from cooking solid content then is trapped on the screen pack, manually with rake in the disk border survivor of a murder attempt draws in garbage reclaiming barrel on the limit.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator, it is characterized in that the top disc screen pack, comprise that the aperture, upper strata is φ 1.8mm~2.5mm, percent opening is 20%~40% orifice plate net, rest the centre of disk, the disk lower shoe is oblique funnel-form, and should ensure the gap of 20mm~60mm with the orifice plate net, is convenient to discharge the oil-water mixture that leaches.Disk and outer sleeve junction should dispose the cushion material of oil resistant, prevent from overflowing oily wastewater pollution outer sleeve surface.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator, the circular cone cylinder is entered through the middle part tangent line horizontal direction of a feed pipe from the circular cone cylinder by the oil-water mixture that top filtration gets off in the middle of it is characterized in that, the mixed liquor inlet velocity should guarantee in 0.2m/s~1.0m/s scope, make mixed liquor in conic tube, form eddy flow and produce centrifugal force, thereby reach the purpose that the meal kitchen waste grease that density is less is separated from waste water.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator, it is characterized in that opening is arranged at conic tube top, meal kitchen waste grease and part oil-water mixture above enrichment eddy flow center is floating then overflow from opening part, and the fillet height of this opening is calibrated altitude.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator is characterized in that conic tube is fixed in the cylindrical shell of overcoat, with the gap 〉=30mm of female cone cylindrical shell, so that clean.And the base plate of cone baseplane and overcoat cylindrical shell distance should 〉=25mm, flow out speed<0.05m/s to satisfy eddy flow centrifugation water out.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator, it is characterized in that sedimentation water-oil separating refers to flow in the rectangular slot from meal kitchen waste grease and part water that the conic tube upper opening overflows, this groove is divided into two Room, it has been the mixed liquor sedimentation layering in this groove that contains grease>60%, when the first Room, begin the less meal kitchen waste grease of sedimentation stratified density and flow into the turnover fuel tank through oil-out, and the larger gap of waste water bottom the first Room of density flows into the second Room.Produce different liquid level difference owing to grease is different from the proportion of water, therefore the second Room water outlet height is regulated fuel-displaced moisture content than the low 2mm~10mm of oil-out height of the first Room with this difference in height.And the volume size of sedimentation separation part is relevant with treating capacity.
Described centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator is characterized in that separator all adopts the high-quality stainless steel material to make, corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant hot water, need not machine power, need not electric power, handling safety, simple, stable.
The utility model has adopted several above-mentioned schemes to compare with prior art in the market, and it has obvious advantage:
1, need not machine power, need not electricity consumption, operating cost is zero.
2, profile is succinct, simple to operate, occupation of land is little, move flexibly, be highly suitable for use or at the scene in short-term demonstration in the narrow and small kitchen.
3, all parts are made with the stainless steel material of high-quality, and cooking apparatus goods relevant criterion is cleared up conveniently, met in corrosion-resistant, maintenance.
4, the rubbish from cooking solid after the utility model separator is processed, taken off water and the grease on surface, but general decrement rubbish from cooking more than 60%, and because the losing of surface water, the time that rubbish is preserved can prolong relatively, and the environmental sanitation condition is made moderate progress.
5, reclaim purpose circulation case because added the meal kitchen waste grease of locking, only have the receipts fortune personnel of specialty just can open recovery, can stop the possibility that " waste oil " returns to dining table fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator.
Fig. 2 is the utility model centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator sedimentation separation structure principle chart.
Among the figure: 1, overcoat cylindrical shell, 2, the disk of plate filter screen, 3, delivery port, 4, flexible pipe, 5, conic tube, 6, water inlet, 7, the secondary precipitation separation tank, 8, dividing plate, 9, discharge outlet, 10, oil-out, 11, meal kitchen waste grease Turnover Box, 12, overfall, 13, the residue outlet.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator structure of the present utility model and course of action are illustrated:
The utility model cyclone-type meal kitchen waste grease separator comprises overcoat cylindrical shell (1), and a disk with plate filter screen (2) is stamped on the top, top of cylindrical shell, a delivery port (3) is arranged below the disk.Cover one section flexible pipe (4) on the delivery port.A conic tube (5) is fixed in the interior centre of overcoat cylindrical shell (1) described in the utility model, and the water inlet (6) of a horizontal tangent direction is arranged in cone upper end, and of above-mentioned flexible pipe (4) namely links to each other with it.At cone upper end (small end) opening.The oil-water mixture of overflow flows into secondary precipitation separation tank (7).Above-mentioned secondary precipitation separation tank (7) is fixed in the cone part on the conic tube, and the centre has dividing plate (8) groove to be divided into two Room that communicate below.Trench bottom has a discharge outlet (9).An oil-out (10) is arranged at another top, chamber.Oil-out described in the utility model (10), by inside and outside two nuts and different in nature pad that outer cylinder body (1) and groove (7) is fixing and guarantee airtight reliable.And the outer oil-out (10) of the cylindrical shell that extends (1) then can stretch in the meal kitchen waste grease Turnover Box (11), recycling disposal meal kitchen waste grease.The waste water of being discharged by conic tube (5) bottom described in the utility model then upwards enters sewer through overfall (12) overflow by the passage between (5) and (1).And open residue outlet (13) in cylindrical shell (5) bottom, regularly discharging deposits refuse.
Ooze out in the mesh of abandoned oil water mixed liquid by the filter disc mouth in the rubbish from cooking described in the utility model, through the speed inflow conic tube (5) of water inlet (6) with 0.2m/s~1.0m/s, form an eddy flow in cylinder, the grease in the abandoned oil water mixed liquid is because of the little gradually upwards unsteady enrichment to the eddy flow center of density.Grease and the partially mixed hydrorrhea of enrichment go out the top breach under the promotion of the abandoned oil water mixed liquid that constantly flows in water inlet (6) at last, enter separating tank (7) sedimentation separation and reclaim.And the thin residue of food in the discarded profit (can by the smalls of filter screen) and waste water because relative density moves down to outer conical shell wall under the effect of centrifugal force greatly, are discharged in the gap by (5) and (1).For the speed that guarantees water in the eddy flow and oil can turbulization, so the flow velocity that needs control water inlet (6) to locate.The flow of regulating overfall (12) can obtain the oil-water separation of greater efficiency.
Precipitation separation tank described in the utility model (7) has two Room.Meal kitchen waste grease and part oil-water mixture that the upper breach of conic tube (5) overflows, the swash plate that covers above groove flows into the first Room sedimentation layering.The grease that density is less floats on the liquid level, and the larger waste water of density is in the bottom of groove, and flow to second indoor, when the conically shaped upper end constantly has oil-water mixture to spill in the groove, the meal kitchen waste grease that floats over liquid level just spills into meal kitchen waste grease Turnover Box (11) from oil-out (10), the waste water of bottom is discharged at the delivery port (9) of the second Room bottom land, and the position height of the position of delivery port (9) and oil-out (10) is poor can to adjust the water content that hydraulic fluid port (10) overflows meal kitchen waste grease.

Claims (1)

1. centrifugal rotary flow pattern meal kitchen waste grease separator, comprise the conical cylinder in middle part, the bottom is shelved on the cylinder base plate of overcoat, have certain interval to flow out for the waste water after separating, circular cone cylinder upper opening flows out for waste grease, it is characterized in that: the water inlet that a horizontal tangent direction is arranged in circular cone cylinder upper end, one breach is arranged at the conic tube top, the outer sleeve top is with a disk filtration net, and opening is arranged at conic tube top, and conic tube is fixed in the cylindrical shell of overcoat.
CN 201220261422 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens Active CN202921044U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220261422 CN202921044U (en) 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220261422 CN202921044U (en) 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Centrifugal rotational-flow type separator for waste oil and waste water of kitchens

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202921044U true CN202921044U (en) 2013-05-08

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104722134A (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-06-24 张逸 Solid-liquid separation device for centrifugal machine
CN108405575A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-17 苏州格目软件技术有限公司 A kind of fat separator device of environmental protection kitchen garbage
CN112973274A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-18 嘉兴学院 Filtering device for removing suspended solid impurities in kitchen waste grease

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104722134A (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-06-24 张逸 Solid-liquid separation device for centrifugal machine
CN104722134B (en) * 2013-12-24 2016-08-31 张逸 A kind of centrifuge equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN108405575A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-17 苏州格目软件技术有限公司 A kind of fat separator device of environmental protection kitchen garbage
CN108405575B (en) * 2018-04-24 2020-07-24 杭州楠大环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly kitchen waste oil and fat separation device
CN112973274A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-18 嘉兴学院 Filtering device for removing suspended solid impurities in kitchen waste grease

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