CN202907427U - Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device - Google Patents

Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202907427U
CN202907427U CN2012206336281U CN201220633628U CN202907427U CN 202907427 U CN202907427 U CN 202907427U CN 2012206336281 U CN2012206336281 U CN 2012206336281U CN 201220633628 U CN201220633628 U CN 201220633628U CN 202907427 U CN202907427 U CN 202907427U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
salt
described
saline
discharging
alkaline land
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012206336281U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘发邦
沈庆
张琳琳
孟凡伟
杨世新
刘向阳
Original Assignee
山东潍坊东盛园艺有限公司
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Priority to CN2012206336281U priority Critical patent/CN202907427U/en
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Publication of CN202907427U publication Critical patent/CN202907427U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • Y02A40/243Afforestation or reforestation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The utility model discloses a saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device and relates to the technical field of landscape greening engineering. The saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device comprises a gravel filtering layer which is arranged on the upper portion of the saline and alkaline land in a paved mode. An improved soil layer used for growing plants is arranged on the upper portion of the gravel filtering layer in a paved mode. A permeable membrane is arranged between the improved soil layer and the gravel filtering layer. A plurality of salt discharging pipes are arranged in the saline and alkaline land which is on the lower portion of the gravel filtering layer. A plurality of water penetration holes are formed in all the plurality of salt discharging pipes. The plurality of salt discharging pipes are all communicated with a water collecting pipe. The water collecting pipe is communicated with a salt discharging well. The saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device solves the problem that improvement of saline and alkaline land in the prior art just treats the symptoms, not the causes. The saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device can effectively prevent salt and alkali from moving in the land direction, ensures that the improved soil layer is free from salinization, can reduce salinity content of the saline and alkaline land and enables the saline and alkaline land to be improved.

Description

The saline land is every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment

Technical field

The utility model relates to the landscape engineering technical field, and particularly a kind of saline land is every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment.

Background technology

The saline land refers to that saliferous is higher, is unfavorable for the soil of plant growth.An important content of Saline-alkali Field Control is controlled soil salt exactly, and the carrier of salinity is the moisture in the soil in the soil, moves earthward in order to prevent salinity, so need to suppress the upstroke of the soil water, promotes downward movement.Mode by man-made irrigation can be so that the soil on upper strata, saline land reaches the standard of cultivating at present, but the salt in saline land and alkali are unsettled chemical substances, variation along with environmental temperature and humidity, saline and alkaline location after improvement, salt in the salt affected soil of conditioned soil bottom and alkali can be toward the motions of ground direction, root cell to plant destroys, cause plant withered, as seen adopt at present the mode of man-made irrigation to improve the saline land and just cure the symptoms, not the disease, also be badly in need of a kind of mode of the effective improvement saline land that can treat both principal and secondary aspect of disease.

The utility model content

Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of saline land every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, this saline land can prevent effectively that every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment salt and alkali are toward the motion of ground direction, guaranteed that the improvement soil layer can be by salinization of soil, and can reduce the salt content in saline land, the saline land is improved.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of saline land is every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, comprise the sandstone filter course that is laid on top, described saline land, described sandstone filter course top is equipped with the improvement soil layer for planting plants, is provided with permeable membrane between described improvement soil layer and the described sandstone filter course; Be provided with some salt discharging pipes in the saline land of described sandstone filter course bottom, be equipped with some water seepage holes on some described salt discharging pipes, the equal connected set water pipe of some described salt discharging pipes, described collector pipe is communicated with salt discharge well.

As a kind of improvement, described permeable membrane is the unidirectional osmosis film to described sandstone filter course infiltration from described improvement soil layer.

As further improvement, described salt discharging pipe comprises the salt discharging pipe body, and described water seepage hole is positioned on the described salt discharging pipe body.

As further improvement, the outside of described salt discharging pipe body bag is carried out filter membrane.

As further improvement, described water seepage hole is bellmouth, and the large nose end of described bellmouth is positioned at the outside of described salt discharging pipe body.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model saline land comprises the sandstone filter course that is laid on top, saline land every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, sandstone filter course top is equipped with the improvement soil layer for planting plants, is provided with permeable membrane between improvement soil layer and the sandstone filter course; Be provided with some salt discharging pipes in the saline land of sandstone filter course bottom, be equipped with some water seepage holes on some salt discharging pipes, the equal connected set water pipe of some salt discharging pipes, collector pipe is communicated with salt discharge well.Because be provided with salt discharging pipe in the saline land, the salt in the alkaline land soil and alkali can be discharged by salt discharging pipe, the salt in the reduction alkaline land soil and the content of alkali are so that alkaline land soil is improved; Owing to being provided with sandstone filter course and permeable membrane between saline land and the improvement soil layer; can be so that the rainwater on top and man-made irrigation water permeate downwards; alkaline land soil is played flushing action, simultaneously can prevent that salt and alkali in the saline land from moving upward, protected the improvement soil layer can be again by salinization of soil.

Because permeable membrane is for certainly improveing soil layer to the unidirectional osmosis film of sandstone filter course infiltration.Prevented that further salt and the alkali in the saline land from moving upward to the improvement soil layer.

Because the outside of salt discharging pipe body bag is carried out filter membrane is arranged.Can prevent that the earth in the soil from stopping up water seepage hole, guaranteed the salt discharge effect of salt discharging pipe.

In sum, the utility model saline land has solved the technical problem that alkaline land improving is cured the symptoms, not the disease in the prior art every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment.The utility model saline land can effectively prevent salt and alkali toward the motion of ground direction every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, has guaranteed that the improvement soil layer can be by salinization of soil, and can reduce the salt content in saline land, and the saline land is improved.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is that the utility model saline land is every the structural representation of salt salt discharge afforestation equipment;

Fig. 2 is that the utility model saline land is every the layout schematic diagram of the salt discharging pipe of salt salt discharge afforestation equipment;

Fig. 3 is that the utility model saline land is every the structural representation of the salt discharging pipe of salt salt discharge afforestation equipment;

Among the figure: 1, improvement soil layer, 2, permeable membrane, 3, the sandstone filter course, 4, collector pipe, 5, salt discharging pipe, 50, the salt discharging pipe body, 500, water seepage hole, 51, filter membrane, 6, the saline land.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, further set forth the utility model.

Shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are common, a kind of saline land is every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, comprise the sandstone filter course 3 that is laid on 6 tops, saline land, sandstone filter course 3 tops are equipped with the improvement soil layer 1 for planting plants, are provided with permeable membrane 2 between improvement soil layer 1 and the sandstone filter course 3; Be provided with some salt discharging pipes 5 in the saline land 6 of sandstone filter course 3 bottoms, be equipped with some water seepage holes 500 on some salt discharging pipes 5, some salt discharging pipe 5 equal connected set water pipes 4, collector pipe 4 is communicated with salt discharge well.Owing to being provided with salt discharging pipe 5 in the saline land 6, the salt in 6 soil of saline land and alkali can be discharged by salt discharging pipe 5, and the salt in 6 soil of reduction saline land and the content of alkali are so that saline land 6 soil are improved; Owing to being provided with sandstone filter course 3 and permeable membrane 2 between saline land 6 and the improvement soil layer 1; can be so that the rainwater on top and man-made irrigation water permeate downwards; saline land 6 soil are played flushing action; simultaneously can prevent that salt and alkali in the saline land 6 from moving upward, protect the improvement soil layer 1 can be again by salinization of soil.

Permeable membrane 2 has prevented further that for from improveing the unidirectional osmosis film of soil layer 1 to 3 infiltrations of sandstone filter course salt and the alkali in the saline land 6 from moving upward to improvement soil layer 1.

As shown in Figure 3, salt discharging pipe 5 comprises salt discharging pipe body 50, and water seepage hole 500 is positioned on the salt discharging pipe body 50.Water seepage hole 500 is bellmouth, and the large nose end of bellmouth is positioned at the outside of salt discharging pipe body 50.This structure of water seepage hole is conducive to saliferous in the soil more and the moisture of alkali enters in the salt discharging pipe 5, can prevent that moisture in the salt discharging pipe 5 to the pipe exosmosis of salt discharging pipe 5, having improved the improved effect of saline land 6 soil simultaneously.

The outside bag of salt discharging pipe body 50 is carried out filter membrane 51, can prevent that the earth in the soil from stopping up water seepage hole 500, has guaranteed the salt discharge effect of salt discharging pipe 5.

The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned concrete embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art is from above-mentioned design, and without performing creative labour, all conversion of having done all drop within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the saline land is every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise the sandstone filter course that is laid on top, described saline land, described sandstone filter course top is equipped with the improvement soil layer for planting plants, is provided with permeable membrane between described improvement soil layer and the described sandstone filter course; Be provided with some salt discharging pipes in the saline land of described sandstone filter course bottom, be equipped with some water seepage holes on some described salt discharging pipes, the equal connected set water pipe of some described salt discharging pipes, described collector pipe is communicated with salt discharge well.
2. saline land according to claim 1 is characterized in that every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment: described permeable membrane is the unidirectional osmosis film to described sandstone filter course infiltration from described improvement soil layer.
3. saline land according to claim 2 is characterized in that every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment: described salt discharging pipe comprises the salt discharging pipe body, and described water seepage hole is positioned on the described salt discharging pipe body.
4. saline land according to claim 3 is characterized in that every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment: the outside bag of described salt discharging pipe body is carried out filter membrane.
According to claim 3 or 4 described saline lands every salt salt discharge afforestation equipment, it is characterized in that: described water seepage hole is bellmouth, and the large nose end of described bellmouth is positioned at the outside of described salt discharging pipe body.
CN2012206336281U 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device CN202907427U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206336281U CN202907427U (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012206336281U CN202907427U (en) 2012-11-26 2012-11-26 Saline and alkaline land salt-insulating salt-discharging greening device

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CN202907427U true CN202907427U (en) 2013-05-01

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103299814A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-09-18 江苏江南园林建筑工程有限公司 Soil structure of improved salt-affected soil
CN103814647A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-05-28 深圳市万信达生态环境股份有限公司 Saline land improvement method appropriate for arid and semi-arid region
CN104054425A (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-09-24 唐山曹妃甸区滨海园林绿化工程有限公司 Saline land improvement system and improvement method
CN106224673A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil Multifunctional centralized waterpipe
CN106230970A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt discharge Internet of things system
CN106233864A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of method utilizing melilotus and sugar grass crop rotation improvement salt-soda soil
CN106233863A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 The method utilizing plantation Fructus Fragariae Ananssae SANYE improvement salt-soda soil
CN106376270A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Sustainably improved planting structure of saline and alkaline land
CN106386221A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Greening system for salt isolation and salt discharge in saline-alkali land
CN106385828A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Underground pipe with long service life and good drainage properties and used for saline-alkali land
CN108513753A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-11 盐城市大丰区绿洲农业发展有限公司 Prevent for plastic shed soil saliferous every salt paper and its application method

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103299814A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-09-18 江苏江南园林建筑工程有限公司 Soil structure of improved salt-affected soil
CN104054425A (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-09-24 唐山曹妃甸区滨海园林绿化工程有限公司 Saline land improvement system and improvement method
CN104054425B (en) * 2013-07-31 2016-08-10 唐山曹妃甸区滨海园林绿化工程有限公司 Alkaline land improving system and modification method
CN103814647A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-05-28 深圳市万信达生态环境股份有限公司 Saline land improvement method appropriate for arid and semi-arid region
CN106233863A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 The method utilizing plantation Fructus Fragariae Ananssae SANYE improvement salt-soda soil
CN106233864A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of method utilizing melilotus and sugar grass crop rotation improvement salt-soda soil
CN106230970A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt discharge Internet of things system
CN106224673A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-14 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil Multifunctional centralized waterpipe
CN106385828A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Underground pipe with long service life and good drainage properties and used for saline-alkali land
CN106224673B (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-09-24 山东胜伟盐碱地科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil Multifunctional centralized waterpipe
CN106386221A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Greening system for salt isolation and salt discharge in saline-alkali land
CN106376270A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-08 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Sustainably improved planting structure of saline and alkaline land
CN108513753A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-11 盐城市大丰区绿洲农业发展有限公司 Prevent for plastic shed soil saliferous every salt paper and its application method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20130501

Termination date: 20181126