CN202898354U - Self drying type biomass gasification system - Google Patents

Self drying type biomass gasification system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202898354U
CN202898354U CN 201220484187 CN201220484187U CN202898354U CN 202898354 U CN202898354 U CN 202898354U CN 201220484187 CN201220484187 CN 201220484187 CN 201220484187 U CN201220484187 U CN 201220484187U CN 202898354 U CN202898354 U CN 202898354U
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feeding unit
biomass gasification
drying type
gas
pipeline
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赵广健
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Guangzhou XinGuangHe Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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赵广健
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Abstract

The utility model provides a self drying type biomass gasification system, which comprises a self drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace, wherein the self drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace comprises a furnace body in longitudinal arrangement, the furnace body comprises a cone-shaped tail ash section positioned at the bottom and a reaction section positioned above the tail ash section, a fire grate is arranged between the tail ash section and the reaction section, the bottom of the tail ash section is provided with a slag outlet, the side part of the tail ash section is provided with an air inlet, and the side surface or the top end of the upper part of the reaction section is provided with a fuel inlet. The self drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace further comprises a feeding device and a material falling pipeline, the material falling pipeline is inserted into the fuel inlet, the top end of the material falling pipeline is sealed, the side part of the material falling pipeline is provided with a feeding opening, the tail end of the feeding device is introduced into the feeding opening, the side part or the top of the material falling pipeline is also provided with a circulation fuel gas outlet, the circulation fuel gas outlet is connected with a fuel gas backflow pipeline, the side part of the tail ash section is provided with a backflow inlet, and the other end of the fuel gas backflow pipeline is connected with the backflow inlet of the tail ash section.

Description

From the drying type biomass gasification system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of from the drying type biomass gasification system.
Background technology
Biomass are very important renewable energy sources, have the characteristics such as recyclability, low contaminative and extensive distributivity.Utilize the as an alternative energy of biomass, to low-carbon emission reduction, reduce " Greenhouse effect " and improve atmosphere acid rain environment tool being of great significance.Biomass gasification system utilizes biomass airtight anoxia burning in vapourizing furnace exactly, by producing inflammable gas after carbonization and the thermochemistry oxidation.
The common moisture 40%-50% of biological particles even higher, and when carrying out gasifying biomass comparatively suitable water content for being lower than 20%.Thereby biological particles needed oven dry usually before gasifying.
For example, Chinese patent application 95117448.7 discloses a kind of gasifying biomass and has warmed device, connected and composed by vapourizing furnace, gas burner, jet mixer, blower fan, the gas pipe of vapourizing furnace is communicated with the gas line of gas burner, the quirk of gas burner is communicated with the jet pipe of jet mixer, the hot blast that generates in the jet mixer is exported through mixing tube, and blower fan then is communicated with respectively with the inlet pipe of vapourizing furnace 1, burner 2, mixing tank 3 respectively.
Chinese patent application 201110123306.2 discloses a kind of spiral biomass pyrolysis reactor of drying function.The discharge port of the feeding screw of this reactor is being communicated with upright oven dry enhancing tube bottom one side; The bottom of oven dry enhancing tube is being communicated with the air outlet of induced draft fan, the top is being communicated with spiral pyrolysis reactor by cyclonic separator opening for feed; The other end of spiral pyrolysis reactor is provided with pyrolytic carbon outlet and pyrolysis gas outlet; The input terminus of spiral pyrolysis reactor is connecting buncher, and it is indoor that the middle part of spiral pyrolysis reactor is positioned at combustion heating; The top middle portion of combustion heating chamber is provided with exhanst gas outlet, and the blast inlet of induced draft fan by pipeline communication.
Chinese patent 200910103426.9 discloses a kind of mobile drying machine for biomass fuel and has related to agricultural machine.Be placed with air-cooled biomass gasifying furnace on the compartment board of its moving vehicle, gasifying biomass stove outer covering shell wall is welded with the blast inlet cylinder, symmetrical shell shell wall welds exhaust passage one end, exhaust passage the other end welding air channel shell wall; One sidewall of air-cooled separator is welded with blast inlet, another sidewall welding air outlet one end with guard, air outlet the other end welding blast inlet cylinder; Opposite side shell wall welding heat air channel, air channel one end, the hot air passage the other end connects the input aperture of vacuum fan, the tube wall of the little U-shaped groove in bottom of the delivery port drying apparatus for soldering of vacuum fan.
Chinese patent 97216018.3 discloses a kind of drying device using biological matter thermal conversion gasification, and the grate in the burner adopts has the fire bars of hollow core structures both ends open and supporting refrigerating unit; Has cyclone dust collector in the interchanger.
Technique scheme all need arrange separately special biomass drying unit, causes system cost high and take than large space.
Therefore, how to provide a kind of and become the problem that industry need to solve with the biomass gasification system from drying function.
Summary of the invention
For the shortcoming of prior art, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of from the drying type biomass gasification system, and it has the function from oven dry.
To achieve these goals, it is a kind of from the drying type biomass gasification system that the utility model provides, it comprises from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace, the body of heater that should comprise from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace vertical setting, this body of heater comprises the bucket-shaped tail of the cone ash section that is positioned at the bottom and is positioned at conversion zone on the tail ash section, is provided with fire grate between tail ash section and the conversion zone; The bottom of tail ash section is provided with slag notch, and the sidepiece of tail ash section is provided with blast inlet; Upper side or the top of conversion zone are provided with fuel inlet;
Wherein, should further comprise feeding unit and blanking pipeline from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace; The blanking pipeline inserts fuel inlet; The top closure of blanking pipeline, the sidepiece of blanking pipeline is provided with opening for feed, and the end of feeding unit passes into this opening for feed; The sidepiece of blanking pipeline or top also are provided with the circulating gas outlet, and this circulating gas outlet connects a fuel gas return-flow pipeline, and the sidepiece of tail ash section is provided with reflux inlet, and the other end of fuel gas return-flow pipeline is connected to the reflux inlet of tail ash section.
In the utility model, in order to reach better drying effect, can make the sidepiece opening for feed in material blanking tube road be lower than the circulating gas outlet and arrange, but and then make the gas that all rises in the contact oven in the whole process of landing from the biological particles of this throat-fed.
In the utility model, feeding unit can be various suitable feeding units, and for example it can be worm conveyor to realize continuously feeding, also can be cylinder valve (push-pull valve) to be interrupted charging.
In the utility model, on the fuel gas return-flow pipeline induced draft fan can be set, to guarantee the directed flow of gas in pipelines.
The utility model arranges the circulating gas outlet by sidepiece or the top at the blanking pipeline, the gas that is positioned at the blanking pipeline can outwards be flowed out, and then the part hot gas in the body of heater is entered through the lower ending opening of blanking pipeline, form circulation from bottom to top in the part hot gas process blanking pipeline in the body of heater, the biological particles in the blanking pipeline is dried.And outlet is outwards flowed out through circulating gas moist hot gas process fuel gas return-flow pipeline and reflux inlet, the high-temperature zone of getting back to again the stove inner bottom part participates in gasification.Thereby this programme is by circulating gas outlet, fuel gas return-flow pipeline and reflux inlet being set, having realized from drying function; And do not need to adopt extra drying unit and oven dry means, and both realized taking full advantage of of resource, avoided again contaminate environment, make simultaneously vapourizing furnace very high for the water adaptability of biomass material, broken through present conventional vapourizing furnace to the strict demand of moisture.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, feeding unit is multistage feeding unit, this multistage feeding unit comprises chopped-off head feeding unit, final stage feeding unit at least, and each grade feeding unit includes the opening for feed that is positioned at front upper and is positioned at terminal discharge port; Chopped-off head feeding unit, final stage feeding unit are arranged up and down; The discharge port of chopped-off head feeding unit directly is connected with the opening for feed of final stage feeding unit and communicates, and perhaps communicates with the opening for feed indirect joint of final stage feeding unit by one or more levels middle feeding device between chopped-off head feeding unit and final stage feeding unit; The end of chopped-off head feeding unit and each described middle feeding device is equipped with middle the hopper of sealing, the chopped-off head feeding unit with is connected the discharge port of intermediate material e Foerderanlage and is connected with the opening for feed of its next stage feeding unit by its centre hopper and communicates; The discharge port of final stage feeding unit is connected to the opening for feed of biomass gasifying furnace.
The opening for feed of chopped-off head feeding unit is the combined feed total feed mouth of whole multistage feeding unit, and the discharge port of final stage feeding unit is total discharge port of whole multistage feeding unit.Because biomass material light weight and volume are little, it is floating to scatter easily, causes dust pollution.In the utility model, the diffusion when the middle hopper of sealing can prevent effectively that biomass material from entering the next stage feeding unit from the upper level feeding unit.The multistage feeding unit in stokehold is used for the biomass material in the feed bin is delivered in the biomass gasifying furnace.Biomass material in the feed bin inputs in the opening for feed of chopped-off head feeding unit.The middle hopper of sealing also can be set, to prevent the material diffusion between the opening for feed of the blanking port of feed bin and chopped-off head feeding unit.
By multistage feeding unit is set, and the middle hopper connection by sealing between the feeding units at different levels communicates, when carrying biomass material in the feeding unit, can effectively avoid the gas in the biomass gasifying furnace to enter feed bin along the feeding unit anti-channeling, and then the built on stilts arch camber of the feed bin that causes of the anti-cigarette of the equipment that prevents, blanking is smooth, personnel poison and the accident such as feed bin blast.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, conversion zone comprises at least two tubular aerogenesis sections, and these at least two aerogenesis sections vertically arrange and be end to end, tail ash section and be provided with fire grate between the aerogenesis section of bottom; The sidepiece of each aerogenesis section is equipped with gas outlet; Each gas outlet all connects a combustion gas subtube, and many combustion gas subtubes are connected to a gas header pipe road.The shape of conversion zone can be cylindric or the square tube shape, and it is preferably cylindric; The size of each aerogenesis section for example height, diameter, width can be identical can be not identical yet.The number of aerogenesis section is preferably 2-4.The gas outlet of each aerogenesis section is preferably the upper end that is arranged at its sidepiece.The combustion gas subtube that the gas outlet of each aerogenesis section connects and converge after the gas header pipe road carry out interior insulation or outer insulation, run off to avoid heat, the gas user that is beneficial to the downstream uses.The blast inlet of tail ash section sidepiece can connect intake stack, blows by gas blower.
The gas content that each aerogenesis section produces is different, and the gas tar oil content that the upper sector body of heater produces is high, calorific value is higher, temperature is low, and the fuel gas temperature that low section body of heater produces is higher, and calorific value is lower.By with combustion gas output and mixing that highly different multistage bodies of heater produces, can integrate the different physics-chem characteristics of each aerogenesis combustion gas that section produces, adjust out comparatively ideal biological fuel gas, make the temperature of combustion gas and calorific value even.Owing to adopted multistage aerogenesis technique, thereby gasification efficiency is higher.Can also improve in addition biomass gasifying furnace volume yield rate (or cross section factor of created gase), reduce the vapourizing furnace equipment investment.From drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace compact construction, the volume vaporization rate is higher simultaneously, and production maintenance is more convenient.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, the adjustable valve of flow is set all on each combustion gas subtube.Can regulate by regulated valve the ratio of each section combustion gas output, thereby make the biological fuel gas calorific value of institute's output stable, for example temperature is adjustable in certain scope for physical property, be convenient to adjust for the later stage application apparatus.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, it further comprises cleaning apparatus, the gas header pipe road passes into this cleaning apparatus, cleaning apparatus comprises ash output hole and gas outlet, gas outlet connects gas pipeline, on this gas pipeline induced draft fan can be set, to guarantee the directed flow of gas in pipelines.By cleaning apparatus is set, dust removal process is carried out in the combustion gas that obtains, to avoid contaminate environment and dust clog downstream pipeline.According to another embodiment of the utility model, cleaning apparatus is monotubular cyclone dust collector or multi-cyclone cleaning apparatus or vitrified pipe dust removal by filtration device or moving-bed dust removal by filtration device.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, each aerogenesis section is provided with a plurality of gas outlets, and these a plurality of gas outlets are positioned at sustained height.The gas outlet number of every section body of heater can be consistent, also can be inconsistent.The gas outlet number of every section body of heater is preferably 1-5.Be preferably, a plurality of gas outlets of every section body of heater evenly distribute at a certain angle at sustained height.
Generally speaking, effuser need be set in the body of heater, the gas outlet of every section body of heater is the furnace wall venting port.As required, according to another embodiment of the utility model, be equipped with effuser in each aerogenesis section, effuser comprises the house steward of vertical setting and is connected in a plurality of of described house steward and is in charge of, a plurality of respectively a plurality of gas outlets of corresponding insertion of being in charge of.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, fire grate is water-cooled grate, this water-cooled grate comprises the fire grate bar of many parallel arranged, every bar oven tier pole is the pipe fitting with cavity (for example metal tube or vitrified pipe) that thermally conductive material is made, and water-cooled grate comprises the drive-motor that is rotated for driving the fire grate bar.By making the fire grate bar rotation of fire grate, can promote to drop from the gap of fire grate at the lime-ash that fire grate is piled up, and then reach preferably deslagging effect.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, it can this fire grate bar be the blade that turning axle is rotated that every bar oven tier pole all is equipped with, and this blade all is positioned at the body of heater of vapourizing furnace.Drive the rotation of fire grate bar by drive-motor, and then drive the blade rotary on the fire grate bar, can realize better deslagging effect, effectively fire grate is carried out continuously initiatively scarfing cinder, prevent that lime-ash from piling up at fire grate.Particularly, blade can be volution, multi-edge column-shaped or blade shape.
Lime-ash for slag notch and ash output hole discharge can adopt the multiple means of prior art to carry, and for example, can outwards carry by the water-cooled auger, when carrying with realization lime-ash is lowered the temperature.According to another embodiment of the utility model, system of the present utility model further comprises wet-type deslagging device, this wet-type deslagging device comprises ash tube, worm conveyor, the tank that links to each other with slag notch and ash output hole, and the bottom of ash tube passes into worm conveyor; Worm conveyor is obliquely installed, and its end passes in the tank downwards.Tail ash and the collected ash content of cleaning apparatus in the vapourizing furnace are transported in the tank by ash tube, worm conveyor, thereby avoid the flying dust contaminate environment.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, it further comprises bleeding device, and bleeding device connects gas pipeline by pipeline, and comprises valve.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, the sidepiece of vapourizing furnace body of heater is provided with the smoke backflow entrance, and this smoke backflow entrance connects the smoke backflow pipeline, and the other end of this smoke backflow pipeline is connected to the flue gas output channel of downstream usefulness gas unit.By will be with the CO of gas unit 2Reflux, increased CO 2With the reaction of C generation CO, smoke backflow can with the waste heat of reuse unit of heat, so just have been realized raising efficiency of carbon conversion and overall thermal efficient surely simultaneously.While CO 2At high temperature can oxidation tar, make it become gaseous hydrocarbon or CO, reduced tar content.By improving carbon conversion efficiency and utilizing with the heating kiln furnace flue gas exhaust heat, greatly improved the efficient of whole system.
Because no longer rare CO in the vapourizing furnace 2, the charcoal ash that discharges out of the furnace can be sent into again and be participated in reaction in the stove.Particularly, the end of the tail ash e Foerderanlage of vapourizing furnace tail ash e Foerderanlage and cleaning apparatus can lead to feed bin, then enters in the vapourizing furnace by feeding unit and reacts, thereby realize the circulation of charcoal ash.
Compared with prior art, the utility model possesses following beneficial effect:
The utility model arranges the circulating gas outlet by the sidepiece at the blanking pipeline, the gas that is positioned at the blanking pipeline can outwards be flowed out, and then the hot gas in the body of heater is entered through the lower ending opening of blanking pipeline, form circulation from bottom to top in the hot gas process blanking pipeline in the body of heater, the biological particles in the blanking pipeline is dried.And outlet is outwards flowed out through circulating gas moist hot gas process fuel gas return-flow pipeline and reflux inlet, the high-temperature zone of getting back to again the stove inner bottom part participates in gasification.Thereby this programme is by circulating gas outlet, fuel gas return-flow pipeline and reflux inlet being set, having realized from drying function; And do not need to adopt extra drying unit and oven dry means, and both realized taking full advantage of of resource, avoided again contaminate environment, make simultaneously vapourizing furnace very high for the water adaptability of biomass material, broken through present conventional vapourizing furnace to the strict demand of moisture.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation from the drying type biomass gasification system of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the two-stage feeding unit among the embodiment 3;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the fire grate among the embodiment 4.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Such as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2, present embodiment from the drying type biomass gasification system, comprise from drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace 1, cleaning apparatus (for example the monotubular cyclone dust collector 2), bleeding device 3, wet-type deslagging device 4.
Wherein, comprise feeding unit 111(such as worm conveyor from drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace 1), blanking pipeline 11, body of heater.Build flame-proof thermal insulation material in the body of heater by laying bricks or stones, comprise conversion zone and tail ash section 14, conversion zone further comprises the first aerogenesis section 12, the second aerogenesis section 13.The top of the first aerogenesis section 12 is provided with fuel inlet.
Tail ash section 14 is bucket-shaped for cone, is positioned at the bottom of body of heater.The bottom of tail ash section 14 is provided with slag notch 142, and the sidepiece of tail ash section 14 is provided with blast inlet 145 and reflux inlet 141, and this blast inlet 145 connects intake stack 144, blows by gas blower 143.
Blanking pipeline 11 inserts the fuel inlet on the first aerogenesis section 12 tops.The top of blanking pipeline 11 is stopped up, and the sidepiece of blanking pipeline 11 is provided with opening for feed, and the end of feeding unit 111 passes into this opening for feed; The sidepiece of blanking pipeline 11 also is provided with the circulating gas outlet, and this circulating gas outlet connects a fuel gas return-flow pipeline 112, and fuel gas return-flow pipeline 112 is provided with induced draft fan 113, and the other end of fuel gas return-flow pipeline 112 is connected to the reflux inlet 141 of tail ash section 14.
The first aerogenesis section 12 and the second aerogenesis section 13 are cylindric, are positioned on the tail ash section 14 vertically setting and end to end.Be provided with fire grate 15 between tail ash section the 14 and second aerogenesis section 13.The sidepiece upper end of the first aerogenesis section 12 is provided with three gas outlet 121(furnace wall venting ports), these three gas outlets 121 are positioned at sustained height, and the angle between the adjacent gas outlet is 120 °, and each gas outlet 121 all connects a combustion gas subtube 122.The sidepiece upper end of the second aerogenesis section 13 is provided with four gas outlet 131(furnace wall venting ports), these four gas outlets 131 are positioned at sustained height, and the angle between the adjacent gas outlet is 90 °, and each gas outlet 131 all connects a combustion gas subtube 132.The adjustable valve of flow all is set on every combustion gas subtube.Many the combustion gas subtube is connected to a gas header pipe road 5.
Gas header pipe road 5 passes into cleaning apparatus 2, and cleaning apparatus 2 comprises ash output hole 22 and gas outlet 21, and gas outlet 21 connects gas pipeline 6, and this gas pipeline 6 is provided with induced draft fan 61.
Wet-type deslagging device 4 comprises the ash tube 411 that links to each other with the slag notch 142 of tail ash section 14 and the ash tube 421 that links to each other with the ash output hole 22 of cleaning apparatus 2, worm conveyor 412, worm conveyor 422, tank 43.The bottom of ash tube 411 passes into worm conveyor 412; The bottom of ash tube 421 passes into worm conveyor 422; Worm conveyor 412 and worm conveyor 422 all are obliquely installed, and the end of the two all passes into downwards in the tank 43.
Bleeding device 3 connects gas pipeline 6 by pipeline, and it has valve.
Embodiment 2
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: (1) also comprises the 3rd aerogenesis section, and the 3rd aerogenesis section is positioned between the first aerogenesis section and the second aerogenesis section; (2) first aerogenesis sections, the second aerogenesis section and the 3rd aerogenesis section are the square tube shape; (3) gas outlet of each aerogenesis section is four, and in each aerogenesis section, gas outlet is evenly arranged at sustained height, and the angle between the adjacent gas outlet is 90 °; (4) be equipped with effuser in each aerogenesis section, effuser comprises the house steward of vertical setting and is connected in four of house steward and be in charge of, and is in charge of for four and correspondingly respectively inserts four gas outlets.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 3, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: feeding unit is two-stage feeding unit 7, and it comprises chopped-off head feeding unit 701, middle hopper 702, final stage feeding unit 703.Chopped-off head feeding unit 701 is the open-end auger e Foerderanlage of adjustable speed.It comprises the opening for feed that is positioned at front upper and is positioned at terminal discharge port.The blanking port of feed bin is connected with the opening for feed of chopped-off head feeding unit 701 front upper and communicates.The discharge port of chopped-off head feeding unit 701 ends is angle upwards, and this angle is provided with gland 704.The axis angulation of plane, angle place and open-end auger e Foerderanlage is 45 °.Gland 704 has automatic reset mechanism (for example spring 705).In addition, one section blade before chopped-off head feeding unit 701 discharge ports removes.The discharge port of chopped-off head feeding unit 701 with respect to the horizontal plane is inclined upwardly 10 °.The middle hopper 702 of sealing is arranged at the end of chopped-off head feeding unit 701.Be provided with two level gages in the middle hopper 702, one of them is low level level gage 706, and another is high-order level gage 707.Final stage feeding unit 703 is the open-end auger e Foerderanlage, and it comprises the opening for feed that is positioned at front upper and is positioned at terminal discharge port.Its discharge port with respect to the horizontal plane is inclined upwardly 15 °, and its discharge port is connected to the material inlet of biomass gasifying furnace 1.Chopped-off head feeding unit 201, final stage feeding unit 203 are arranged up and down; The discharge port of chopped-off head feeding unit 201 directly is connected by middle hopper 202 with the opening for feed of final stage feeding unit 203 and communicates.
Embodiment 4
As shown in Figure 4, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: fire grate is water-cooled grate 8, and it comprises the fire grate bar 802 of the drive-motor 801 of adjustable speed, many parallel arranged.Drive-motor 801 is used for driving every bar oven tier pole 802 and is rotated.Every bar oven tier pole 802 is the metal tube with cavity, and the two ends of every bar oven tier pole 802 all are positioned at outside the body of heater 1 of vapourizing furnace, and the two ends of every bar oven tier pole 802 are equipped with water-cooling swivel joint.Every bar oven tier pole 802 all is equipped with spiral vane 803, and spiral vane 803 can this fire grate bar be that turning axle is rotated, and spiral vane 803 all is positioned at the body of heater of vapourizing furnace.
Although the utility model discloses as above with preferred embodiment, be not to limit the scope that the utility model is implemented.Any those of ordinary skill in the art, within not breaking away from invention scope of the present utility model, when doing a little improvement, namely every equal improvement of doing according to the utility model should be scope of the present utility model and contains.

Claims (10)

1. one kind from the drying type biomass gasification system, it comprises from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace, the described body of heater that comprises vertical setting from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace, described body of heater comprises the bucket-shaped tail of the cone ash section that is positioned at the bottom and is positioned at conversion zone on the described tail ash section, is provided with fire grate between described tail ash section and the described conversion zone; The bottom of described tail ash section is provided with slag notch, and the sidepiece of described tail ash section is provided with blast inlet; Upper side or the top of described conversion zone are provided with fuel inlet; It is characterized in that,
Describedly further comprise feeding unit and blanking pipeline from the drying type fixed bed biomass gasification furnace; Described blanking pipeline inserts described fuel inlet; The top closure of described blanking pipeline, the sidepiece of blanking pipeline is provided with opening for feed, and the end of described feeding unit passes into this opening for feed; The sidepiece of described blanking pipeline or top also are provided with the circulating gas outlet, and this circulating gas outlet connects a fuel gas return-flow pipeline, and the sidepiece of described tail ash section is provided with reflux inlet, and the other end of described fuel gas return-flow pipeline is connected to the reflux inlet of described tail ash section.
2. as claimed in claim 1 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, described feeding unit is multistage feeding unit, described multistage feeding unit comprises chopped-off head feeding unit, final stage feeding unit at least, and each grade feeding unit includes the opening for feed that is positioned at front upper and is positioned at terminal discharge port;
Described chopped-off head feeding unit, final stage feeding unit are arranged up and down; The discharge port of described chopped-off head feeding unit directly is connected with the opening for feed of described final stage feeding unit and communicates, and perhaps communicates with the opening for feed indirect joint of described final stage feeding unit by one or more levels middle feeding device between described chopped-off head feeding unit and final stage feeding unit;
The end of described chopped-off head feeding unit and each described middle feeding device is equipped with middle the hopper of sealing, described chopped-off head feeding unit with is connected the discharge port of described intermediate material e Foerderanlage and is connected with the opening for feed of its next stage feeding unit by its centre hopper and communicates;
The discharge port of described final stage feeding unit is connected to the opening for feed of described biomass gasifying furnace.
3. as claimed in claim 1 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, described conversion zone comprises at least two tubular aerogenesis sections, and described at least two aerogenesis sections vertically arrange and be end to end, described tail ash section and be provided with fire grate between the aerogenesis section of bottom; The sidepiece of each described aerogenesis section is equipped with gas outlet; Each gas outlet all connects a combustion gas subtube, and many described combustion gas subtubes are connected to a gas header pipe road.
4. as claimed in claim 3ly it is characterized in that from the drying type biomass gasification system, on each described combustion gas subtube the adjustable valve of flow is set all.
5. as claimed in claim 1ly it is characterized in that from the drying type biomass gasification system each described aerogenesis section is provided with a plurality of gas outlets, these a plurality of gas outlets are positioned at sustained height.
6. as claimed in claim 5 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, be equipped with effuser in each described aerogenesis section, described effuser comprises the house steward of vertical setting and is connected in a plurality of of described house steward and is in charge of, described a plurality of respectively a plurality of gas outlets of corresponding insertion of being in charge of.
7. as claimed in claim 1 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, described fire grate is water-cooled grate, described water-cooled grate comprises the fire grate bar of many parallel arranged, every described fire grate bar is the pipe fitting with cavity that thermally conductive material is made, and described water-cooled grate comprises the drive-motor that is rotated be used to driving described fire grate bar.
8. as claimed in claim 7ly it is characterized in that from the drying type biomass gasification system it can this fire grate bar be the blade that turning axle is rotated that every described fire grate bar all is equipped with, described blade all is positioned at the body of heater of described vapourizing furnace.
9. as claimed in claim 1 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, describedly further comprise wet-type deslagging device from the drying type biomass gasification system, described wet-type deslagging device comprises ash tube, worm conveyor, the tank that links to each other with described slag notch, and the bottom of described ash tube passes into described worm conveyor; Described worm conveyor is obliquely installed, and its end passes into downwards in the described tank.
10. as claimed in claim 1 from the drying type biomass gasification system, it is characterized in that, the sidepiece of described vapourizing furnace body of heater is provided with the smoke backflow entrance, and this smoke backflow entrance connects the smoke backflow pipeline, and the other end of this smoke backflow pipeline is connected to the flue gas output channel of downstream usefulness gas unit.
CN 201220484187 2012-09-20 2012-09-20 Self drying type biomass gasification system Active CN202898354U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105296010A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 南京林业大学 Self-drying spouted biomass poly-generation gasification device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105296010A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 南京林业大学 Self-drying spouted biomass poly-generation gasification device

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