CN202885091U - Energy-saving heating furnace with air exchange function - Google Patents

Energy-saving heating furnace with air exchange function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202885091U
CN202885091U CN 201220474974 CN201220474974U CN202885091U CN 202885091 U CN202885091 U CN 202885091U CN 201220474974 CN201220474974 CN 201220474974 CN 201220474974 U CN201220474974 U CN 201220474974U CN 202885091 U CN202885091 U CN 202885091U
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smoke exhaust
exhaust pipe
heater
energy
air
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220474974
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Chinese (zh)
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王伟森
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Abstract

The utility model provides an energy-saving heating furnace with an air exchange function. The energy-saving heating furnace comprises a furnace body which comprises furnace walls. A combustion chamber is arranged in the furnace body and is communicated with the outside through smoke exhaust pipes. Air inlet holes are formed in the bottom end of the combustion chamber. The smoke exhaust pipes comprise inner smoke exhaust pipes and an outer smoke exhaust pipe. One ends of the inner smoke exhaust pipes are communicated with the combustion chamber. The other ends of the inner smoke exhaust pipes are communicated with one end of the outer smoke exhaust pipe. The other end of the outer smoke exhaust pipe extends out of the furnace body and is communicated with the outside. The number of the inner smoke exhaust pipes is more than one. Air inlet pipes are evenly arranged in the outer smoke exhaust pipe. The energy-saving heating furnace with the air exchange function is large in heat exchange area of smoke, high in heat utilization rate, good in radiating effects, and capable of enabling indoor air to keep fresh in long term, and has the good air exchange function.

Description

A kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the heating equipment technical field, relates to a kind ofly being suitable for the energy-conservation of family expenses and having the warming stove that changes the wind function.
Background technology
The fuel gas heating apparatus that is used in the market heating can be divided into straight-line, chimney flue type, balanced type three major types from fume exhausting type:
Straight-line is take portable heater as main, is characterized in using flexibly, low price, the higher thermal efficiency arranged.But when indoor use, the air that burning is used is from indoor, and the waste gas after the burning also is discharged into indoor.Indoor when therefore, using for a long time the potential safety hazards such as stuffy, anoxic even CO poisoning can appear.Simultaneously, case temperature is high, produces easily unexpected.
Chimney flue type is to discharge fume by the mode that flue is installed, and flue or external chimney need to be reserved in the position that product is installed, and it is outdoor to be characterized in that waste gas behind the fuel gas buring is discharged into by smokestack, has effectively prevented the potential safety hazard that CO poisons.But, the natural mode to indoor radiating of this housing by combustion chamber, exhaust fume collecting hood, area of dissipation is little, and case temperature is high, produces easily unexpected; Simultaneously, can cause in the flue gas of draining and can take away a large amount of heat, flue-gas temperature reaches about 400 ℃, and the thermal efficiency is reduced.And, the air that burning is used is from indoor, oxygen indoor during long-time the use can be not enough, need to open the window at set intervals and once ventilate to replenish indoor oxygen, this brings great inconvenience to use, it is outdoor also can be that indoor hot-air is diffused in easily, causes indoor temperature to reduce.
Balanced type adopts the forced fume exhaust system, can forced fume exhaust and suck the air that is used for burning, its smokestack is designed to bilayer, skin advances air, internal layer links to each other with smoke exhaust fan on the exhaust fume collecting hood, and exhaust fume collecting hood is arranged on the combustion chamber, and the useless flue gas of generation comes outdoor after forcing burn by blower fan, the waste gas that produces of the air that uses of burning and burning is all finished outdoor like this, has overcome the shortcoming of straight-line, chimney flue type.But owing to adopted the forced fume exhaust system, the housing that the heat in the flue gas can not fully pass through combustion chamber, exhaust fume collecting hood is to indoor radiating, and outdoor with regard to directly having come, the thermal efficiency is low.
Some balanced gas-fired heater utilizes recirculated water fully to absorb liberated heat behind the fuel gas buring, effectively raises the thermal efficiency.Such as the wall-hung boiler warmer, but this fuel gas heating apparatus cost is high, inconvenience is installed.
In addition, warmer generally is used in the season of winter severe cold, the indoor and outdoor temperature difference is large during use, and the room window is in normally off, uses for a long time existing warmer, all exist indoor air flows not smooth, cause easily stuffyly, air quality descends, and has approximately 75% air to be repeated to utilize, and air is dry, affects people's living environment and healthy.
The utility model content
It is a kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and mainly solves the existing low problem of the warming stove thermal efficiency.
For this reason, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, comprise body of heater, described body of heater comprises the furnace wall, is provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, and described combustion chamber is in communication with the outside by smoke exhaust pipe, and the bottom of combustion chamber is provided with fresh air inlet; Described smoke exhaust pipe comprises interior smoke exhaust pipe and outer smoke exhaust pipe, and described interior smoke exhaust pipe one end is connected with the combustion chamber, and the other end is connected with outer smoke exhaust pipe one end; The described outer smoke exhaust pipe other end stretches out the body of heater outside and is connected with the external world; And more than one of described interior smoke exhaust pipe.
Described interior smoke exhaust pipe is connected with outer smoke exhaust pipe by fume collecting chamber, and the narrow excessively cigarette channel of the inside recessed formation in the middle part of described fume collecting chamber.
Described interior smoke exhaust pipe is provided with along its radially-arranged fin.
Described interior smoke exhaust pipe is L-shaped, and its vertically section be connected with the combustion chamber, flat segments is connected with fume collecting chamber.
Offer air vent on a pair of furnace wall of described body of heater, the position of described air vent is corresponding with the flat segments of interior smoke exhaust pipe; Also be provided with hot blast guiding screen on the described body of heater, the position of described hot blast guiding screen and interior smoke exhaust pipe vertical section is corresponding.
Be provided with blast pipe in the described outer smoke exhaust pipe, described blast pipe one end is connected the intracavity inter-connection of the other end and body of heater with the external world.
Described blast pipe is evenly arranged in the smoke exhaust pipe outside.
Also be provided with air blast in the described body of heater, the air inlet of described air blast is connected with blast pipe by air-suction channel, the air outlet of described air blast and the intracavity inter-connection of body of heater.
Also be provided with deep bead in the described body of heater, described deep bead one end connects the furnace wall, smoke exhaust pipe in the other end connects.
At the two ends of described outer smoke exhaust pipe, the gap portion sealing between the blast pipe; Outer smoke exhaust pipe is connected with the external world by the smoke evacuation cylinder that is arranged on its outer wall, and the top of described smoke evacuation cylinder is provided with rain cover.
In use procedure of the present utility model, the high-temperature flue gas that the combustion chamber produces is outdoor through discharging after interior smoke exhaust pipe, fume collecting chamber and three Continuous Heat Transfer of outer smoke exhaust pipe, and interior smoke exhaust pipe is many settings, increased the heat exchange area of flue gas, exhaust gas temperature is lower than 100 ℃, has the characteristics such as area of dissipation is large, the thermal efficiency is high, energy-conservation.In addition, the utility model utilizes air blast that outdoor fresh air is forced suction and indoor through blasting after outer smoke exhaust pipe preheating, the heating of interior smoke exhaust pipe by blast pipe.And indoor muddy atmospheric density is larger, and is calm on the floor surface face, and the fresh air inlet from the warmer bottom is inhaled into for burning easily.
In sum, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the flue gas heat exchange area is large, and heat utilization efficiency is high, good heat dissipation effect; Have the good wind function of changing, can make that room air is long-term to keep pure and fresh; Simple and compact for structure, the occupation of land space is little; Energy-conserving and environment-protective, environmental pollution is little.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is three-dimensional structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 is along the sectional structure schematic diagram of A-A line;
Fig. 3 be Fig. 2 along B-B to cutaway view.
The specific embodiment
As Figure 1-3, a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, comprise body of heater 1, body of heater 1 comprises furnace wall and base 5, and body of heater 1 is square structure in the present embodiment, and the furnace wall comprises antetheca 2, rear wall 3 and pair of sidewalls 4, is provided with combustion chamber 6 in the body of heater 1; Especially, when adopting fuel gas buring, the combustion chamber 6 interior burners 7 that arrange; Combustion chamber 6 is in communication with the outside the fresh air inlet 8 of needed air when the bottom of combustion chamber 6 is provided with for aftercombustion by smoke exhaust pipe; The periphery of base 5 is provided with air intake grid hole 22, and air enters combustion chamber 6 by fresh air inlet 8 again by air intake grid hole 22; Smoke exhaust pipe comprises interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 and outer smoke exhaust pipe 18, be provided with fume collecting chamber 13 between interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 and the outer smoke exhaust pipe 18, interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 one ends are connected with combustion chamber 6, the other end is connected with outer smoke exhaust pipe 18 1 ends by fume collecting chamber 13, and outer smoke exhaust pipe 18 is located at the rear wall 3 of body of heater 1 and its other end and is stretched out that body of heater 1 is outer to be connected with the external world; And interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 more than, minute many settings of two rows; The middle part of fume collecting chamber 13 is inwardly recessed, and then fume collecting chamber 13 is divided into up and down two chambeies and forms the narrow cigarette channel 14 of crossing at fume collecting chamber 13 middle parts; Interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 is provided with along its radially-arranged fin 10; And interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 is L-shaped, its vertically section be connected with combustion chamber 6, flat segments is connected with fume collecting chamber 13; The antetheca 2 of body of heater 1 is provided be used to the hot blast guiding screen 11 that makes things convenient for hot-air to flow out, and the position of hot blast guiding screen 11 is corresponding with interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 vertical sections; The position of the antetheca 2 of body of heater 1 and rear wall 3 corresponding interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 flat segments offers respectively air vent 12, promotes the heat exchange of interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 flat segments surrounding airs by forming convection current;
Be provided with blast pipe 19 in the outer smoke exhaust pipe 18, blast pipe 19 1 ends are connected with the external world, the intracavity inter-connection of the other end and body of heater 1; And blast pipe 19 more than, and smoke exhaust pipe 18 is interior outside evenly arranges; Also be provided with air blast 17 in the body of heater 1, the air inlet of air blast 17 is connected with blast pipe 19 by air-suction channel 16, the intracavity inter-connection of the air outlet of air blast 17 and body of heater 1; Also be provided with deep bead 15 in the body of heater 1, deep bead 15 1 ends connect the rear wall 3 of body of heater 1, the bending place of smoke exhaust pipe 9 in the other end connects; Smoke exhaust pipe 18 two ends outside, gap portion sealing between the blast pipe 19, outer smoke exhaust pipe 18 is connected with the external world by the smoke evacuation cylinder 20 that is arranged on its outer wall, the top of smoke evacuation cylinder 20 is provided with rain cover 21, so can effectively prevent from scraping down draught also can delay flue gas on the impact of body of heater 1 smoke evacuation the velocity of discharge, and the air inlet of the exhaust opening of outer smoke exhaust pipe 18 and blast pipe 19 has certain distance, avoided entering the smoke pollution that the fresh air of blast pipe 19 is discharged from.In addition, direction shown in the solid arrow is the flow direction of fresh air among the figure, and the direction shown in the dotted arrow is the flow direction of flue gas.
During use, the hot flue gas of combustion chamber 6 interior generations enters fume collecting chamber 13 by interior smoke exhaust pipe 9, because interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 is distributed with fin 10 on many and its, greatly increased heat exchange area, the heat that hot flue gas carries can effectively be transmitted to surrounding air, and the L shaped design of interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 can increase the walking path of flue gas.Further, in fume collecting chamber 13 owing to there is the narrow cigarette channel 14 of crossing, make hot flue gas along fume collecting chamber 13 two ends by epicoele to the directive even circulation of cavity of resorption, to prolong the cigarette time and to be beneficial to heat radiation.And the position of smoke exhaust pipe 9 flat segments all offers air vent 12 in the antetheca 2 of body of heater 1 and rear wall 3 correspondences, can partly form effective cross-ventilation in interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 flat segments, is beneficial to the heat exchange of this part.The hot blast screen 11 that leads is arranged on antetheca 2, can concentrates to the heat radiation of zone, stokehold.
Simultaneously, outdoor fresh cold air is inhaled into the inner chamber of body of heater 1 by blast pipe 19 and air-suction channel 16 under air blast 17 effects, cold air is through blast pipe 19 time, the hot flue gas that can absorb in the outer smoke exhaust pipe 18 passes to the waste heat of blast pipe 19 tube walls, thereby carries out preheating before entering body of heater 1; After entering the inner chamber of body of heater 1, fresh air fully contacts with fin 10 with interior smoke exhaust pipe 9 again, absorb a large amount of heats blasted by hot blast guiding screen 11 indoor, and under the effect of deep bead 15 fully to the antetheca direction motion of body of heater 1.Indoor muddy atmospheric density is larger, and is calm on the floor surface face, and the bottom from warmer is inhaled into combustion chamber 6 for burning by fresh air inlet 8 easily; Fresh air through heating constantly is introduced into indoorly like this, and turbid air is burned consumption then, and room air constantly is purified and has simultaneously fresh hot air constantly to fill into, and therefore indoorly can keep for a long time warm and pure and fresh.
In addition, because hot flue gas is to flow from inside to outside along the gap of 19 of blast pipes, and outdoor cold air flows from outside to inside along blast pipe 19, and the waste heat in the flue gas has received good heat transmission in this and the mutual incorgruous flow process of cold air.Flue-gas temperature through 20 outlets of test determination smoke evacuation cylinder is lower than 100 ℃, far below the exhaust gas temperature of similar chimney flue type warmer, has improved greatly the utilization of heat energy.
Above-described only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; the technical solution of the utility model is not so limited; should be understood that to those skilled in the art; under technology enlightenment provided by the utility model; can also make other equivalent modifications and improvement, also should be considered as the scope of the utility model claim protection.

Claims (10)

  1. One kind energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function, comprise body of heater (1), described body of heater (1) comprises the furnace wall, be provided with combustion chamber (6) in the body of heater (1), described combustion chamber (6) is in communication with the outside by smoke exhaust pipe, and the bottom of combustion chamber (6) is provided with fresh air inlet (8), it is characterized in that: described smoke exhaust pipe comprises interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) and outer smoke exhaust pipe (18), described interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) one ends are connected with combustion chamber (6), and the other end is connected with an end of outer smoke exhaust pipe (18); Described outer smoke exhaust pipe (18) other end stretches out body of heater (1) outside and is connected with the external world; And more than one of described interior smoke exhaust pipe (9).
  2. 2. according to claim 1 a kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: described interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) is connected with outer smoke exhaust pipe (18) by fume collecting chamber (13), and the narrow excessively cigarette channel (14) of the inside recessed formation in the middle part of described fume collecting chamber (13).
  3. 3. according to claim 1 and 2 a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: described interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) is provided with along its radially-arranged fin (10).
  4. 4. according to claim 2 a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: described interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) is L-shaped, and its vertically section be connected with combustion chamber (6), flat segments is connected with fume collecting chamber (13).
  5. 5. according to claim 4 a kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: offer air vent (12) on a pair of furnace wall of described body of heater (1), the position of described air vent (12) is corresponding with the flat segments of interior smoke exhaust pipe (9); Also be provided with hot blast guiding screen (11) on the described body of heater (1), the position of described hot blast guiding screen (11) and interior smoke exhaust pipe (9) vertical section is corresponding.
  6. 6. according to claim 1 a kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: be provided with blast pipe (19) in the described outer smoke exhaust pipe (18), described blast pipe (19) one ends are connected the intracavity inter-connection of the other end and body of heater (1) with the external world.
  7. 7. according to according to claim 6 a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: described blast pipe (19) is evenly arranged in the smoke exhaust pipe (18) outside.
  8. 8. according to claim 6 or 7 described a kind of energy-conservation and have a warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: also be provided with air blast (17) in the described body of heater (1), the air inlet of described air blast (17) is connected with blast pipe (19) by air-suction channel (16), the intracavity inter-connection of the air outlet of described air blast (17) and body of heater (1).
  9. 9. according to claim 8 a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: also be provided with deep bead (15) in the described body of heater (1), described deep bead (15) one ends connect the furnace wall, smoke exhaust pipe (9) in the other end connects.
  10. 10. according to according to claim 6 a kind of energy-conservation and have the warming stove that changes the wind function, it is characterized in that: at the two ends of described outer smoke exhaust pipe (18), the gap portion sealing between the blast pipe (19); Outer smoke exhaust pipe (18) is connected with the external world by the smoke evacuation cylinder (20) that is arranged on its outer wall, and the top of described smoke evacuation cylinder (20) is provided with rain cover (21).
CN 201220474974 2012-09-18 2012-09-18 Energy-saving heating furnace with air exchange function Expired - Fee Related CN202885091U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220474974 CN202885091U (en) 2012-09-18 2012-09-18 Energy-saving heating furnace with air exchange function

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220474974 CN202885091U (en) 2012-09-18 2012-09-18 Energy-saving heating furnace with air exchange function

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CN202885091U true CN202885091U (en) 2013-04-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104329718B (en) * 2014-09-26 2017-04-05 李勇德 It is a kind of from outdoor introducing air and heat fireplace heating system
CN109386871A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-26 中山市海涵五金电器有限公司 A kind of efficient heating system of constant-temperature safety
CN111750382A (en) * 2020-07-04 2020-10-09 临沂齐胜环保设备有限公司 Multifunctional heating stove
CN114484573A (en) * 2021-12-18 2022-05-13 嘉寓光能科技(阜新)有限公司 Biomass civil multifunctional intelligent heating stove

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104329718B (en) * 2014-09-26 2017-04-05 李勇德 It is a kind of from outdoor introducing air and heat fireplace heating system
CN109386871A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-26 中山市海涵五金电器有限公司 A kind of efficient heating system of constant-temperature safety
CN109386871B (en) * 2018-10-31 2023-12-15 中山市海涵晶科电器有限公司 Constant-temperature safe and efficient heating system
CN111750382A (en) * 2020-07-04 2020-10-09 临沂齐胜环保设备有限公司 Multifunctional heating stove
CN114484573A (en) * 2021-12-18 2022-05-13 嘉寓光能科技(阜新)有限公司 Biomass civil multifunctional intelligent heating stove
CN114484573B (en) * 2021-12-18 2023-08-29 嘉寓光能科技(阜新)有限公司 Domestic multi-functional intelligent heating stove of living beings

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130417

Termination date: 20190918