CN202869168U - Ceramics drying device - Google Patents

Ceramics drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202869168U
CN202869168U CN 201220460269 CN201220460269U CN202869168U CN 202869168 U CN202869168 U CN 202869168U CN 201220460269 CN201220460269 CN 201220460269 CN 201220460269 U CN201220460269 U CN 201220460269U CN 202869168 U CN202869168 U CN 202869168U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
hothouse
air
drying equipment
pipeline
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220460269
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李民华
Original Assignee
吴会霞
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 吴会霞 filed Critical 吴会霞
Priority to CN 201220460269 priority Critical patent/CN202869168U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202869168U publication Critical patent/CN202869168U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a ceramics production device, in particular to a ceramics drying device. The ceramics drying device comprises an air draft device, an air distribution device and a drying chamber. The air draft device is connected with the air distribution device through a pipeline. Air enters into the air distribution device through the air draft device and diffuses in the drying chamber through the air distribution device. A heating system is arranged between the air draft device and the air distribution device and the air is heated when passing through the heating system. The ceramics drying device further comprises a humidity draft device. The humidity draft device is selectively arranged in the drying chamber or between the air draft device and the heating system. The heating system comprises a heat pump heating device and an electromagnetic heating device. The heat pump heating device and the electromagnetic heating device are connected with each other through a pipeline. The air is preheated by the heat pump heating device and then is heated to a set temperature through the electromagnetic heating device. According to the ceramics drying device, the air is heated by the heat pump heating device and the electromagnetic heating device, so that an energy using rate is high and temperature in the drying chamber is easy to control.

Description

The pottery drying equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ceramic production device, especially a kind of ceramic drying equipment.
Background technology
The product of ceramic body generally is that the clod that contains a certain amount of moisture content is dropped in the plaster cast, then plaster cast be put into make base substrate on the forming machine after, plaster cast takes off the place that is put into circulation dryer or is exclusively used in dry base substrate together with base substrate from forming machine and carries out drying and dehydrating.At present, the dry technology of pottery generally adopts the hot-air seasoning technology, and energy sources is mainly the combustion of fossil fuel such as natural gas, coal.But fossil fuel is in the process of burning, and large energy is lost in the environment with the flue gas that fuel combustion produces, and energy utilization rate is low.Simultaneously, because the coal quality of fuel differs, be difficult to the dry temperature of pottery is controlled accurately, cause the quality of product low.
The utility model content
In view of this, be necessary for above-mentioned problem, a kind of ceramic drying equipment is provided.This pottery drying equipment energy utilization rate is high, can accurately control the dry temperature of pottery.
The utility model is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of ceramic drying equipment, comprise extractor fan, distribution device and hothouse, link to each other by pipeline between extractor fan and the distribution device, air (the air here refers to pottery is carried out dry gas) enters distribution device by extractor fan, diffuses to hothouse by distribution device again; Between described extractor fan and the distribution device heating system is installed, is heated during air process heating system; Described ceramic drying equipment also comprises dehumidifier apparatus, and dehumidifier apparatus selectively is located in the hothouse or is located between extractor fan and the heating system, and the air through it is carried out dehumidification treatments.
Described heating system comprises: heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater; Heat pump heating device links to each other by pipeline with electromagnetic heater.Described air is heated by electromagnetic heater after tentatively heating through heat pump heating device again.Described electromagnetic heater comprises coil, and described coil is centered around on the pipeline between heat pump heating device and the distribution device.When the electric current that changes at a high speed flows through coil, can produce the high speed changing magnetic field around the coil.When pipeline is passed through in described magnetic field, produce vortex current at pipeline, make the pipeline self-heating.Described pipeline improves the temperature of air again with the heat transferred air.
Further, described ceramic drying equipment also comprises electric control unit, and electric control unit is electrically connected at described extractor fan, dehumidifier apparatus, heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater, and described electric control unit is arranged at outside the hothouse.The work of described electric control unit control extractor fan, dehumidifier apparatus, heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater.
Further, described hothouse outer wall is provided with the first thermal insulation layer, and described the first thermal insulation layer can reduce from hothouse and is lost to energy the environment.
Further, described pipeline outer wall is provided with the second thermal insulation layer, and described the second thermal insulation layer can reduce from pipeline and is lost to energy the environment.
Further, described ceramic drying equipment also comprises temperature sensor, and temperature sensor is electrically connected at described electric control unit, and described temperature sensor arranges in the hothouse.Described temperature sensor feeds back to electric control unit with the information of collecting, and electric control unit is controlled the power output of heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater according to the information that obtains.
Further, described ceramic drying equipment also comprises humidity sensor, and humidity sensor is electrically connected at described electric control unit, and described humidity sensor arranges in the hothouse.Described humidity sensor feeds back to electric control unit with the information of collecting, and electric control unit is controlled the power output of dehumidifier apparatus according to the information that obtains.
Heat pump heating device is when work, itself consumes part energy, the energy of storing in the surrounding medium is excavated, can cross the heat-transfer working medium circulatory system with the temperature raising of air, and the electric energy that whole heat pump heating device consumes is only for being exported the part of energy.And electromagnetic heater is a kind of device that utilizes electromagnetic induction principle to convert electric energy to heat energy.The coil of electromagnetic heater itself can not produce heat substantially, and the electric energy major part that electromagnetic heater consumes is converted into the caloric value of pipeline, and pipeline is directly passed to air with heat again.With respect to combustion of fossil fuel such as natural gas, coals as the mode that adds hot-air, the utility model energy utilization rate is high.Simultaneously, the utility model only need be controlled the power output of heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater, can accurately control the temperature of hothouse.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one of them embodiment of the utility model pottery drying equipment.
Extractor fan 1 dehumidifier apparatus 2 heat pump heating devices 3
Distribution device 4 hothouses 5 electric control units 6
Pipeline 7 heating clambers 8 frames 9
Suction opeing 10 coils 11 second thermal insulation layers 12
Pottery 13 first thermal insulation layers 14 temperature sensors 15
Humidity sensor 16 transmitting devices 17.
The specific embodiment
For the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described further.More used terms are for convenience of explanation in ensuing explanation, and non-limiting.Vocabulary such as " height ", " low ", " left side ", " right side " is in order to indicate the direction in the accompanying drawing in the description.
Fig. 1 illustrates one of them embodiment of the utility model pottery drying equipment.
Described ceramic drying equipment comprises: extractor fan 1, dehumidifier apparatus 2, heating system, distribution device 4, hothouse 5, electric control unit 6; Described extractor fan 1 is arranged at suction opeing 10 places of hothouse top, and described distribution device 4 is arranged on hothouse 5 bottoms; Link to each other by pipeline 7 between described extractor fan 1 and the distribution device 4, air enters distribution device 4 through extractor fan 1, diffuses into hothouse by distribution device 4 again; Between described extractor fan 1 and the distribution device 4 heating system is installed, air is heated to be high-temperature gas through heating system; Described dehumidifier apparatus 2 is between extractor fan 1 and heating system, and its air of 2 pairs of processes of dehumidifier apparatus dehumidifies; Described electric control unit 6 passes through to be electrically connected with extractor fan 1, dehumidifier apparatus 2, heating system, is used for the power output of control extractor fan 1, dehumidifier apparatus 2, heating system.Described dehumidifier apparatus 2 and heating system all are arranged in the heating clamber 8 of hothouse below.Described heating clamber 8 is installed on the frame.
Described extractor fan 1 is with air constantly circulation (as shown by arrows in FIG.) between hothouse 5, dehumidifier apparatus 2, heating system, distribution device 4.Described electric control unit 6 controls are by the power output of control extractor fan 1, thus the speed air flow of adjusting hothouse 5.
Described dehumidifier apparatus 2 is located at the pipeline 7 between extractor fan 1 and the heat pump heating device 3, not only can reduce the humidity of the air of hothouse 5, can also reduce to enter heat pump heating device 3 and the airborne moisture of electromagnetic heater, reduces energy resource consumption.Described electric control unit 6 controls are by the power output of control dehumidifier apparatus 2, and then the humidity of regulating hothouse 5 Airs.Should be appreciated that described dehumidifier apparatus 2 can also be located in the hothouse 5.
Described heating system comprises heat pump heating device 3 and electromagnetic heater, and described heat pump heating device 3 links to each other by pipeline with electromagnetic heater.Described electric control unit 6 is electrically connected at heat pump heating device 3, electromagnetic heater.After 3 pairs of air of described heat pump heating device tentatively heat, again by electromagnetic heater with air heat to design temperature.
Described heat pump heating device 3 comprises compressor, evaporimeter, condenser and choke valve.The operation principle of heat pump heating device 3: come the working medium of flash-pot to be sucked by compressor, enter condenser after compressed supercharging and the intensification; In condenser, working medium is to the air release heat, and working medium reduces temperature and becomes liquid; Condensed highly pressurised liquid enters evaporimeter again through the choke valve throttling; The heat of vaporization of cryogenic liquid absorption thermal source is steam in evaporimeter, and is again sucked by compressor; Working medium so realizes circulation in the system of sealing.Described heat pump heating device 3 is namely passed to the heat of air by electric control unit 6 its power outputs of control by electric control unit 6 control heat pump heating devices 3.
Described electromagnetic heater comprises coil 11, and described coil 11 is centered around on the pipeline between heat pump heating device 3 and the distribution device 4.Pipeline between heat pump heating device 3 and the distribution device 4 is made with conduction and the good metal material of heat conductivility, such as iron, copper etc.After coil 11 energising, the pipeline between heat pump heating device 3 and the distribution device 4 produces vortex current, and pipeline generates heat, and pipeline is again with air in the heat transferred pipeline, and makes air become the air of high temperature.Described electromagnetic heater is by electric control unit 6 its power outputs of control, by changing the power output of electromagnetic heater, the temperature that can regulate the air that enters distribution device 4.
Be lost to heat the environment in order to reduce from pipeline 7, above-mentioned pipeline 7 outsides also are covered with the second thermal insulation layer 12.Described the second thermal insulation layer 12 is made by the low material of thermal conductivity factor, such as foamed plastics, mineral wool, foam glass etc.
Described distribution device 4 is comprised of many slender pipelines, offers tiny passage on the described slender pipeline.Described slender pipeline evenly is arranged on the bottom of hothouse 5.High temperature drying air after the electromagnetic heater heating is discharged into hothouse 5 from tiny passage.The energy of the air of high temperature passes to ceramic 13 surfaces in heat conducting mode, is passed to ceramic 13 inside from the surface in heat conducting mode again.The moisture on pottery 13 surfaces obtains heat and vaporizes, and becomes gaseous state by liquid state.Because ceramic 13 surface moistures evaporation makes its inner moist gradient that produces, impel moisture to be spread to the lower skin of concentration by the higher internal layer of concentration, thereby realize the drying of pottery 13.Should be appreciated that described distribution device 4 is also being comprised of many pipelines 7 with tiny air channel, or the structure of the discharged air of other form.
Described hothouse 5 outsides are provided with the first thermal insulation layer 14.Described the first thermal insulation layer 14 is made by the low material of thermal conductivity factor, such as foamed plastics, mineral wool, foam glass etc.Described the first thermal insulation layer 14 can reduce from hothouse 5 and is lost to heat the environment.
Be provided with temperature sensor 15 in the described hothouse 5, temperature sensor 15 is electrically connected at electric control unit 6, and described temperature sensor 15 is used for temperature feedback with hothouse 5 air to electric control unit 6.Described electric control unit 6 is controlled the power output of heat pump heating device 3 and electromagnetic heater according to device program and temperature sensor 15 feedacks.
Also be provided with humidity sensor 16 in the described hothouse 5, humidity sensor 16 is electrically connected at electric control unit 6, and described humidity sensor 16 is used for the humidity of hothouse 5 air is fed back to electric control unit 6.Described electric control unit 6 is controlled the power output of dehumidifier apparatus 2 according to device program and humidity sensor 16 feedacks.
Described ceramic drying equipment also comprises transmitting device 17, and described transmitting device 17 is located at distribution device 4 tops.Described transmitting device 17 is used for hothouse 5 outer potteries 13 are delivered in the hothouse 5, or the pottery 13 of having finished drying process in the hothouse 5 is transferred out hothouse 5.After the pottery drying equipment arranges transmitting device 17, can promote the continuous operation ability of ceramic drying equipment.Because hothouse 5 is in the condition of high temperature in the process of ceramic 13 dryings, if with manpower with pottery 13 from hothouse 5 interior carryings out, the temperature in the hothouses such as need 5 is reduced to human body and can accepts temperature.So not only waste a large amount of time, and when sending next group pottery 13 to hothouse 5, hothouse 5 requires the expenditure of energy also its temperature is risen, and wastes a large amount of energy.Described transmitting device 17 is by electric control unit 6 its work of control.
The utility model pottery drying equipment adds hot-air with heat pump heating device 3 and electromagnetic heater, and energy utilization rate is high, and can not produce the material of contaminated environment in the process of drying of ceramic 13.By changing the power output of heat pump heating device 3 and electromagnetic heater, just can change the temperature of hothouse 5.
The above embodiment has only expressed a kind of embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model claim.Should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. ceramic drying equipment is characterized in that: comprise extractor fan, distribution device and hothouse, link to each other by pipeline between extractor fan and the distribution device; Between described extractor fan and the distribution device heating system is installed; Described ceramic drying equipment also comprises dehumidifier apparatus, dehumidifier apparatus selectively be located in the hothouse or extractor fan and heating system between; Described heating system comprises heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater, and described heat pump heating device links to each other by pipeline with electromagnetic heater.
2. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise electric control unit, described electric control unit is electrically connected at described extractor fan, dehumidifier apparatus, heat pump heating device and electromagnetic heater, and described electric control unit is arranged at outside the hothouse.
3. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: comprise that also temperature sensor, temperature sensor are electrically connected at described electric control unit, described temperature sensor arranges in the hothouse.
4. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: comprise that also humidity sensor, humidity sensor are electrically connected at described electric control unit, described humidity sensor arranges in the hothouse.
5. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hothouse outer wall is provided with the first thermal insulation layer.
6. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pipeline outer wall is provided with the second thermal insulation layer.
7. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described distribution device is comprised of many slender pipelines, offers tiny passage on the described slender pipeline; Described slender pipeline evenly is arranged on the bottom of hothouse.
8. ceramic drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drying equipment also comprises transmitting device, described transmitting device is located in the hothouse.
CN 201220460269 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Ceramics drying device CN202869168U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220460269 CN202869168U (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Ceramics drying device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220460269 CN202869168U (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Ceramics drying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202869168U true CN202869168U (en) 2013-04-10

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103471345A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-25 东莞市风火轮热能科技有限公司 Method for drying industrial materials by using high-temperature heat pump and radiation
CN104132511A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 广西北流仲礼瓷业有限公司 Large ceramic airing frame
CN104132510A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 广西北流仲礼瓷业有限公司 Tubular ceramic green body drying frame
CN104748536A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-01 广西北流市红日紫砂陶瓷厂 High-temperature ceramic drying device
CN104938554A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-09-30 界首市祥云面粉有限公司 Fine noodle drying device
CN105758165B (en) * 2016-04-26 2018-04-17 中冶焦耐工程技术有限公司 A kind of coke drying means of coke bin coke drying cloth wind system
CN108022703A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 江西爱瑞达电瓷电气有限公司 A kind of electric porcelain production fast-drying device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103471345A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-25 东莞市风火轮热能科技有限公司 Method for drying industrial materials by using high-temperature heat pump and radiation
CN104132511A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 广西北流仲礼瓷业有限公司 Large ceramic airing frame
CN104132510A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-05 广西北流仲礼瓷业有限公司 Tubular ceramic green body drying frame
CN104748536A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-01 广西北流市红日紫砂陶瓷厂 High-temperature ceramic drying device
CN104938554A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-09-30 界首市祥云面粉有限公司 Fine noodle drying device
CN105758165B (en) * 2016-04-26 2018-04-17 中冶焦耐工程技术有限公司 A kind of coke drying means of coke bin coke drying cloth wind system
CN108022703A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 江西爱瑞达电瓷电气有限公司 A kind of electric porcelain production fast-drying device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130410

Termination date: 20170911

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee