CN202868745U - Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace - Google Patents

Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202868745U
CN202868745U CN2012203575350U CN201220357535U CN202868745U CN 202868745 U CN202868745 U CN 202868745U CN 2012203575350 U CN2012203575350 U CN 2012203575350U CN 201220357535 U CN201220357535 U CN 201220357535U CN 202868745 U CN202868745 U CN 202868745U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
air
stove
biomass direct
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012203575350U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄泉恩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAIZHOU DIZHONGHAI HEAT ENERGY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TAIZHOU DIZHONGHAI HEAT ENERGY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Filing date
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Application filed by TAIZHOU DIZHONGHAI HEAT ENERGY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical TAIZHOU DIZHONGHAI HEAT ENERGY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012203575350U priority Critical patent/CN202868745U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202868745U publication Critical patent/CN202868745U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model provides a multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace and belongs to the technical field of biomass fuel furnaces. Problems of large coal usage, low effect and so on in the traditional coal furnaces, boilers and so on are solved. The multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace comprises a cooking range, a combustion chamber as well as a material feeding device, an air blower and an exhaust fan, wherein the material feeding device, the air blower and the exhaust fan are arranged on one side of the cooking range; the combustion chamber is formed below the cooking range; an ash hopper is arranged on one side of the combustion chamber; the material feeding device is used for conveying fuel to a fuel bearing plate in the middle of the combustion chamber through a material conveying groove; the air blower is arranged on one side of the combustion chamber below the material conveying groove; an air inlet of the air blower is communicated with the exterior of a shell; an air outlet of the air blower is used for guiding the air to the middle part and the side part of the lower side of the fuel bearing plate as well as the upper side of a fire drawing tube on the upper side of the combustion chamber through an air guide plate; a secondary air inlet is formed in the upper part of the fire drawing tube; a flue is formed between the outer side wall of the fire drawing tube and the inner side wall of the cooking range; and a water storage chamber capable of outputting hot water is annularly formed on the outer side of the flue. The multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace provided by the utility model has the advantages of simple and practical structure, energy conservation, emission reduction and so on.

Description

Multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace
Technical field
The utility model belongs to biomass fuel stove technical field, particularly a kind ofly utilizes that biomass fuel is used to cook, the multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace of heating, bathing.
Background technology
Save energy call in order to respond country, reduce the demand of coal resource, biomass fuel is used by people gradually as a kind of regenerative resource, and its combustion heating amount of this fuel is large and fuel purity is high, and burning and exhausting is atmosphere pollution not, has also reduced the pollution to environment simultaneously.
In the most rural households of China, normal use honeycomb briquette stove be used for cooking, use coal as the boiler of fuel for bathing, also all adopt coal to do fuel at hot air heating or hot-water heating, therefore the use amount at rural area coal is very large, and the combustion and emission of coal has polluted environment, be unfavorable for energy-saving and emission-reduction, and the caloric value of its burning is also not fully up to expectations.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of biomass fuel that utilized, and collection heats, supplies the multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace of bath hot water.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, comprise cooking stove, combustion chamber and be located at the feed arrangement of cooking stove one side, air blast and air exhauster, the below of cooking stove is located in described combustion chamber, be positioned at combustion chamber one side and be provided with ash bucket, it is characterized in that: described feed arrangement is delivered to fuel on the fuel loading plate at middle part, combustion chamber by feeding groove, a side that is positioned at the combustion chamber of feeding groove below is provided with air blast, the air inlet of air blast is communicated to outside the housing, air outlet guides to wind by wind deflector the lower middle side part of fuel loading plate, the upside of the pipe that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw of sidepiece and combustion chamber upside, the described pipe top that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw offers the Secondary Air entrance, put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw and form flue between the madial wall of the lateral wall of pipe and cooking stove, described flue outer ring is provided with the water storage cavity of exportable hot water, be provided with the defeated smoke pipe that links to each other with air exhauster in the flue, the air exhauster outlet is connected with hot duct.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: utilized the flame of biomass fuel by the pipe that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw pan to be heated, wherein adopted Secondary Air entrance and wind deflector can make burning more abundant, the high temperature cigarette that biomass fuel produces enters flue by leaching the water storage cavity outside the flue is heated, high temperature cigarette extraction after will filtering by air exhauster is simultaneously delivered to hot duct and can be used as Home Heating, therefore the utility model integrate cook, heating, bathing several functions, realized a tractor serves several purposes, accommodation is extensive.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, the concrete structure of described feed arrangement is: the bottom of hopper is connected with feeding groove by the inlet valve that solenoid control opens and closes, be provided with an end in the feeding groove by the auger of motor-driven rotation, described magnetic valve, motor are controlled by controller.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, described fuel loading plate is formed by connecting by acclivitous wind-guiding section, straight material containing section and the downward-sloping ash section that falls successively, described wind-guiding section, horizontal material containing section and the ash section that falls are perforated plate, and described wind deflector is acclivitous perforated plate.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, the described wall outer ring that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw pipe top is provided with the secondary air channel that is communicated with the tube cavity that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, and the twice aeration mouth on the secondary air channel is communicated with the air outlet of air blast by blast pipe.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, described twice aeration mouth has more than two.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, described cooking stove top is provided with the above flame uniform board of one deck, and the leaching plate that is positioned at the pipe top that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw links to each other with the madial wall of cooking stove, and an end of described defeated smoke pipe is located between flame uniform board and the leaching plate.
In above-mentioned multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, described flame uniform board is three layers.
The utility model compared to existing technology outstanding and useful technique effect is:
The utility model to blower inlet interval water conservancy diversion, guarantees the oxygen sufficient quantity of biomass fuel combustion in the combustion chamber, be provided with the Secondary Air entrance at the pipe that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw simultaneously and again carry out oxygen supply, has guaranteed the vigorous of the sufficient degree of burning of fuel and firepower; The high temperature cigarette that produces by burning heats the normal-temperature water in the water storage cavity of four sides can be as the bath hot water function; Can do family's heating function by the high temperature cigarette being exported to for Guan Nuandao; A tractor serves several purposes takes full advantage of the energy that biomass fuel combustion produces, and can greatly improve existing northern country family and use in a large number coal to do the state of fuel, has reached the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is internal structure sketch of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is cooking stove internal structure sketch of the present utility model and upward view.
Fig. 4 is the upward view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is that sketch and top view are looked in the left side of partly cuing open of cooking stove of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is perspective view of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is further described with specific embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, referring to Fig. 1-7:
Multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, comprise cooking stove 1, combustion chamber 2 and be located at the feed arrangement 3 of cooking stove one side, air blast 4 and air exhauster 5, the below of cooking stove is located in described combustion chamber 2, be positioned at combustion chamber one side and be provided with ash bucket 6, described feed arrangement 3 is delivered to fuel on the fuel loading plate 8 at 2 middle parts, combustion chamber by feeding groove 7, a side that is positioned at the combustion chamber of feeding groove 7 belows is provided with air blast, the air inlet of air blast is communicated to outside the housing, air outlet guides to wind by wind deflector 9 the lower middle side part of fuel loading plate 8, the upside of the pipe 10 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw of sidepiece and combustion chamber 2 upsides, described pipe 10 tops that put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw offer the Secondary Air entrance, put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw and form flue 11 between the madial wall of the lateral wall of pipe and cooking stove, described flue 11 outer rings are provided with the water storage cavity 12 of exportable hot water, be provided with the defeated smoke pipe 13 that links to each other with air exhauster 5 in the flue, air exhauster 5 outlets are connected with hot duct.Operation principle of the present utility model is: utilized the flame of biomass fuel by the 10 pairs of pan heating of pipe that put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, wherein adopted Secondary Air entrance and wind deflector 9 can make burning more abundant, the high temperature cigarette that biomass fuel produces heats by the water storage cavity 12 that leaching enters 11 pairs of flue outsides of flue, high temperature cigarette extraction after will filtering by air exhauster 5 is simultaneously delivered to hot duct and can be used as Home Heating, therefore the utility model integrate cook, heating, bathing several functions, realized a tractor serves several purposes, accommodation is extensive.
Concrete structure at above-mentioned feed arrangement 3 is: the bottom of hopper 30 is connected with feeding groove 7 by the inlet valve that solenoid control opens and closes, be provided with an end in the feeding groove 7 by the auger 31 of motor-driven rotation, described magnetic valve, motor are by controller 14 controls.
Be formed by connecting by acclivitous wind-guiding section 80, straight material containing section 81 and the downward-sloping ash section 82 that falls successively at above-mentioned fuel loading plate 8, described wind-guiding section, horizontal material containing section and the ash section that falls are perforated plate, and described wind deflector 9 is acclivitous perforated plate.Fuel loading plate 8 and wind deflector 9 are setting up and down, and the wind that air blast 4 is blown out carries out water conservancy diversion, utilize perforated plate to make the oxygen of air-flow can be to fuel combustion the time sufficient, and it is more abundant to burn.
Wall outer ring on above-mentioned pipe 10 tops that put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw is provided with the secondary air channel 15 that is communicated with the tube cavity that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, and the twice aeration mouth on the secondary air channel is communicated with the air outlet of air blast by blast pipe 16.
Have more than two at above-mentioned twice aeration mouth.
Be provided with the flame uniform board 17 more than one deck on above-mentioned cooking stove top, the leaching plate 18 that is positioned at pipe 10 tops that put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw links to each other with the madial wall of cooking stove, and an end of described defeated smoke pipe 13 is located between flame uniform board and the leaching plate.
It is three layers at above-mentioned flame uniform board.
Above-described embodiment is preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not to limit according to this protection domain of the present utility model, so: all equivalences of doing according to structure of the present utility model, shape, principle change, and all should be covered by within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace, comprise cooking stove (1), combustion chamber (2) and be located at the feed arrangement (3) of cooking stove one side, air blast (4) and air exhauster (5), the below of cooking stove is located in described combustion chamber (2), be positioned at combustion chamber one side and be provided with ash bucket (6), it is characterized in that: described feed arrangement (3) is delivered to fuel on the fuel loading plate (8) at middle part, combustion chamber (2) by feeding groove (7), a side that is positioned at the combustion chamber of feeding groove (7) below is provided with air blast, the air inlet of air blast is communicated to outside the housing, air outlet guides to wind by wind deflector (9) the lower middle side part of fuel loading plate (8), the upside of pipe (10) that put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw of sidepiece and combustion chamber (2) upside, described pipe (10) top that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw offers the Secondary Air entrance, put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw and form flue (11) between the madial wall of the lateral wall of pipe and cooking stove, described flue (11) outer ring is provided with the water storage cavity (12) of exportable hot water, be provided with the defeated smoke pipe (13) that links to each other with air exhauster (5) in the flue, air exhauster (5) outlet is connected with hot duct.
2. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the concrete structure of described feed arrangement (3) is: the bottom of hopper (30) is connected with feeding groove (7) by the inlet valve that solenoid control opens and closes, be provided with an end in the feeding groove (7) by the auger (31) of motor-driven rotation, described magnetic valve, motor are controlled by controller (14).
3. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fuel loading plate (8) is formed by connecting by acclivitous wind-guiding section (80), straight material containing section (81) and the downward-sloping ash section (82) that falls successively, described wind-guiding section, horizontal material containing section and the ash section that falls are perforated plate, and described wind deflector (9) is acclivitous perforated plate.
4. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described wall outer ring that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw pipe (10) top is provided with the secondary air channel (15) that is communicated with the tube cavity that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, and the twice aeration mouth on the secondary air channel is communicated with the air outlet of air blast by blast pipe (16).
5. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described twice aeration mouth has more than two.
6. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cooking stove top is provided with the above flame uniform board (17) of one deck, the leaching plate (18) that is positioned at pipe (10) top that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw links to each other with the madial wall of cooking stove, and an end of described defeated smoke pipe (13) is located between flame uniform board and the leaching plate.
7. multifunctional biomass direct-fired furnace according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described flame uniform board is three layers.
CN2012203575350U 2012-07-23 2012-07-23 Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace Expired - Fee Related CN202868745U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203575350U CN202868745U (en) 2012-07-23 2012-07-23 Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203575350U CN202868745U (en) 2012-07-23 2012-07-23 Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202868745U true CN202868745U (en) 2013-04-10

Family

ID=48035459

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012203575350U Expired - Fee Related CN202868745U (en) 2012-07-23 2012-07-23 Multifunctional biomass direct combustion furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202868745U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112984781A (en) * 2021-04-21 2021-06-18 北京曼海能源科技发展有限公司 Operation method and device of environment-friendly biomass combustion device with temperature control function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112984781A (en) * 2021-04-21 2021-06-18 北京曼海能源科技发展有限公司 Operation method and device of environment-friendly biomass combustion device with temperature control function

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130410

Termination date: 20140723

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model